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Abrasive, Asbestos, Cement, Refractory Based Projects

Abrasive

An abrasive is a material, often a mineral that is used to shape or finish a work piece through rubbing which leads to part of the work piece being worn away by friction. While finishing a material often means polishing it to gain a smooth, reflective surface, the process can also involve roughening as in satin, matte or beaded finishes. Abrasives are used in the form of grinding wheels, sandpapers, honing stones, polishes, cutoff wheels, tumbling and vibratory mass-finishing media, sandblasting, pulp stones, ball mills, and still other tools and products. Only through the use of abrasives is industry able to produce the highly precise components and ultra-smooth surfaces required in the manufacture of automobiles, airplanes and space vehicles, mechanical and electrical appliances, and machine tools.

The Global Abrasives Industry 2015 Detailed Project Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Abrasives spread across 151 pages, profiling 24 companies and supported with 235 tables and figures.

Asbestos

Asbestos Cement Sheet (ACS) is a building material in which asbestos fibres are used to reinforce thin rigid cement sheets. It is a very popular building material, largely due to its durability. The roofing industry is largely a commoditized business. While ACS started out as an industrial product, the increase in production and increase in the number of access points has made it into a retail product. The asbestos cement industry is concerned with the production of various kinds of roofing, wall, and facing sheet materials; pressure and nonpressure pipes; electrical insulation boards; building details; structural components; and other products made from a base of asbestos and cement.  In India, the world's biggest asbestos importer, it's a $2 billion industry with double-digit annual growth, at least 100 manufacturing plants and some 300,000 jobs. 

Cement

India is the second largest producer of cement in the world. No wonder, India's cement industry is a vital part of its economy, providing employment to more than a million people, directly or indirectly. India has a lot of potential for development in the infrastructure and construction sector and the cement sector is expected to largely benefit from it.

Cement demand in India is expected to increase due to government’s push for large infrastructure projects, leading to 45 million tonnes of cement needed in the next three to four years. India's cement demand is expected to reach 550-600 Million Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA) by 2025. The housing sector is the biggest demand driver of cement, accounting for about 67 per cent of the total consumption in India. The other major consumers of cement include infrastructure at 13 per cent, commercial construction at 11 per cent and industrial construction at nine per cent.

Refractory Products

Refractory materials are used to provide refractory lining in furnaces, kilns, incinerators, and reactors. These materials have a high melting point (greater than 1,520 degree Celsius). Refractory materials are subjected to various conditions such as high temperature, abrasions and chemical corrosions, slag attacks, and chemical reactions when they are used in refractory linings. Hence, these materials must be able to endure these conditions with less wear and tear and high reliability. The Steel industry is one of the major end-users of these materials.


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READY MIX CONCRETE (RMC)

Ready mix concrete is a modern trend of introduction in the Asian Countries. It is already introduced long before in the European Countries. It is new concept of use concrete in the construction area. Ready mix concrete has advantages in the area where immediate requirement of concrete mixture like in the preparation of bridge overhead roads on or the road construction. In India there is a hopeful to get good scope of RMC within short period. The batching, mixing, transportation, placing, compaction, finishing and curing are very complimentary operations to obtain desired good quality concrete. The good quality concrete is a homogeneous mixture of water, cement, aggregates and other admixtures. Admixtures are chemical mixtures that are added to concrete to enhance its performance is some fashion. Admixtures are materials other than cement, aggregate and water that are added to concrete either before or during its mixing to alter its properties, such as workability, curing temperature range, set time or color. Some admixtures have been in use for a very long time, such as calcium chloride to provide a cold-weather setting concrete. Others are more recent and represent an area of expanding possibilities for increased performance. Not all admixtures are economical to employ on a particular project. Also, some characteristics of concrete, such as low absorption, can be achieved simply by consistently adhering to high quality concreting practices. The aim of quality control is to ensure the production of concrete of uniform strength in such a way that there is a continuous supply of concrete delivered to the place of deposition, each batch of which is as nearly like the other batches as possible. India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. Cement and ready-mix concrete demand is dependent on the level of construction activities. Construction activities are in turn closely related to a number of macroeconomic factors such as consumer spending, population growth, manufacturing sector growth, inflation rates, government spending etc. The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP. It makes significant contribution to the national economy and provides employment to large number of people. Construction constitutes 40% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, railways, energy, airports, irrigation etc. There are mainly three segments in the construction industry like real estate construction which includes residential and commercial construction; infrastructure building which includes roads, railways, power etc; and industrial construction that consists of oil and gas refineries, pipelines, textiles etc. Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use. According to a study by ASSOCHAM, the burgeoning Indian construction industry, currently worth $70 billion, will rise to US$120 billion by 2010. The Ready-mix concrete business in India is in its nascent stage. In a developed country 70% of cement produced is used by the Ready-mix concrete industry. However, in India, the Ready-mix concrete industry uses less than 10% of the total cement production. A large and growing middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing life style, better cost of living etc is growth drivers for this sector. There is good scope to venture into this field for new entrepreneurs. Few Indian Major Players are as under: A C C Concrete Ltd. Ahlcon Ready Mix Concrete Pvt. Ltd. Ahluwalia Contracts (India) Ltd. Ashoka Buildcon Ltd. Grasim Industries Ltd. Larsen & Toubro Ltd. Madras Cements Ltd. Prism Cement Ltd. R D C Concrete (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 240 Cubic Meter/DayPlant & machinery: 86 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 936 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 36.00%
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CEMENT PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

The term cement is used to designate many different kinds of substances that are used as binders. The term cements as used henceforth will be confined to inorganic hydraulic cements, principally Portland cement. India is the second-largest producer of cement in the world after China with industry capacity of approximately 160 MT in 2006. The cement industry is regional in nature due to the concentration of limestone reserves located in a few states. This has resulted in a surplus situation in some regions and a deficit in others. Demand for cement has grown at a CAGR of 9.1% in the last two years with supply growing at a CAGR of 8.2% in the same period. With a large amount of infrastructure activities being planned in commercial, real estate and housing sector along with huge development works in roads, railways, ports and hydel projects, we expect the cement demand growth momentum to stay intact. We expect this to have a positive impact on cement prices in different regions till new capacities come up by mid-FY09. Demand for cement is correlated to the GDP growth of the country, infrastructure and industrial capex as well as exports. Strong GDP growth expected in the coming years and huge planned investments should result in healthy growth in the cement demand. The Indian economy continues to be on a much stronger growth path driven by increased amount of infrastructure spending and capex. The economy is expected to grow by 8% for the next two to three years, which will drive an increased demand growth for the cement industry. The cement demand is expected to grow at a CAGR of 10% at least for the next three years. The cement industry witnessed serious M&A activity in the past few years, as a result of which the top four players now account for almost 52-55% of the installed cement capacity of India, as against 40-42% in FY00.The M&A activity have also had global participants. The growing presence of international players bring with them better technology and operational efficiencies which could significantly alter pricing patterns. The cement industry has witnessed substantial reorganization of capacities during the last couple of years. Some examples of the consolidation witnessed during the recent past include: Gujarat Ambuja taking a stake of 14% in ACC; Gujarat Ambuja taking over DLF Cements and Modi Cement; India Cement taking over Raasi Cement and Sri Vishnu Cement; Grasim's acquisition of the cement business of L&T; Indian Rayon's cement division merging with Grasim; Grasim taking over Sri Digvijay Cements; L&T taking over Narmada Cements; ACC taking over IDCOL. There is a very good scope and market potential of cement right now. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: A C C Ltd. Alcon Cement Co. Pvt. Ltd. Ambala Cements Ltd. Ambuja Cements Ltd. Amirgadh Cements Ltd. Andhra Cements Ltd. Anjani Portland Cement Ltd. B R Cement Industry Ltd. Bagalkot Udyog Ltd. Balaram Cements Ltd. Banjara Cements Ltd. Barak Valley Cements Ltd. Basera Cements Ltd. Bheema Cements Ltd. Bhilai Jaypee Cement Ltd. Binani Cement Ltd. Birla Corporation Ltd. Bokaro Jaypee Cement Ltd. Burnpur Cement Ltd. C C L International Ltd. Cement Corpn. Of India Ltd. Cement Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Century Textiles & Inds. Ltd. Chaanakya Cements Ltd. Chenab Cement Ltd. Cheran Cement Ltd. Chettinad Cement Corpn. Ltd. Cochin Cements Ltd. Concorde Cement Pvt. Ltd. D L F Cement Ltd. Dakshin Cements Ltd. Dalmia Cement (Bharat) Ltd. Dalmia Cement Ventures Ltd. Deccan Cements Ltd. Desai Cement Co. Ltd. Deva Drill Tech (India) Ltd. Dhar Cement Ltd. G K W Cement Ltd. Gangotri Cement Ltd. Garden Cements Ltd. Greygold Cements Ltd. Gujarat High Tech Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Himalaya Cements Ltd. Gujarat Jaypee Cement & Infrastructure Ltd. Gujarat Sidhee Cement Ltd. Heidelberg Cement India Ltd. Hemadri Cements Ltd. Hics Cements Ltd. High-Tech Lime Products Ltd. I P I-S P Cement Co. Ltd. India Cements Ltd. Indo-American Cement Corpn. Ltd. J K Cement Ltd. J K Lakshmi Cement Ltd. Jagadamba Cements Ltd. Jagdish Constructions Ltd. Jaipur Udyog Ltd. Janpriya Cement Ltd. Jubilee Cements Ltd. Jupiter Cement Inds. Ltd. K C P Ltd. Kakatiya Cement Sugar & Inds. Ltd. Kakinada Cements Ltd. Kalinga Cement Ltd. Kalyanpur Cements Ltd. Karnataka Cement Ltd. Karnataka Instrade Corpn. Ltd. Keerthi Industries Ltd. Kohinoor Cements Ltd. L I Cement Pvt. Ltd. L I Eastern Pvt. Ltd. Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. Lakshmi Cement & Ceramics Inds. Ltd. Lemos Cements Ltd. Lloyd Cements Ltd. Lok Cements Ltd. M G T Cements Pvt. Ltd. Madras Cements Ltd. Mahendra Cements Ltd. Makers Development Services Pvt. Ltd. Malabar Cements Ltd. Mangalam Cement Ltd. Meghalaya Cement Ltd. Modern Cement Inds. Ltd. My Home Inds. Ltd. N C L Industries Ltd. Namo Cements Ltd. Necem Cements Ltd. Neelgiri Cements Ltd. Nihon Nirmaan Ltd. Nilanchaal Cement Pvt. Ltd. Nirman Cements Ltd. North East Cements Ltd. O C L India Ltd. P R Cements Ltd. Panchmahal Cement Ltd. Panyam Cements & Mineral Inds. Ltd. Penna Cement Inds. Ltd. Prism Cement Ltd. Prudential Cements Ltd. Raasi Cement Ltd. Radhakishan Cement Ltd. Raghoji Cement Mfg. Co. Ltd. Rain Commodities Ltd. Rajapalayam Cement & Chemicals Ltd. Ranisagar Cement Co. Ltd. Rishi Cement Co. Ltd. Sabari Cements (Chennai) Ltd. Sagar Cements Ltd. Sahas Cements Ltd. Sainik Finance & Inds. Ltd. Sanjay Intra Ltd. Saraf Agencies Pvt. Ltd. Satkar Cement Co. Ltd. Satyam Cement Ltd. Saurabh Cement Ltd. Saurashtra Cement Ltd. Seetharam Cements Ltd. Shaktiman Cements Ltd. Shiva Cement Ltd. Shree Cement Ltd. Shree Digvijay Cement Co. Ltd. Shree I-Jee Cement Inds. Ltd. Shree Quality Cements Ltd. Shri Hariganga Cement Ltd. Shri Keshav Cements & Infra Ltd. Shubham Industries Ltd. Sigma Cements Ltd. Singhal Cement & Allied Inds. Ltd. Snhehadhara Industries Ltd. Somani Cement Co. Ltd. Someswara Cements & Chemicals Ltd. Sorabh Cement Ltd. South India Cements Ltd. Sri Simhadri Cements Ltd. Srichakra Cements Ltd. Star Cement Meghalaya Ltd. Sudarshan Cement & Multiprojects Ltd. Sukhchain Cements Ltd. Talavadi Cements Ltd. Tamil Nadu Cements Corpn. Ltd. Travancore Cements Ltd. Udaipur Cement Works Ltd. Ultratech Cement Ltd. Umrongso Cement Ltd. Uttar Pradesh State Cement Corpn. Ltd. Vaishno Cement Co. Ltd. Varun Cements Ltd. Vinay Cements Ltd. Virgo Cements Ltd. Visaka Cement Industry Ltd. Vishwakarma Cements Ltd. Viswam Cement Ltd. Zodiac Cements Ltd. Zuari Cement Ltd.
Plant capacity: 90,000 MT/Annum Plant & machinery: 1296 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1750 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 47.00%
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CLINKER GRINDING FOR CEMENT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The most commonly used cement in the world is Portland cement, which is formed at high temperatures that chemically combine the ingredients into new components, including calcium silicates and calcium aluminates. When the cement clinkers are ground with approximately 5% gypsum, they form Portland cement. These compounds allow cement to set when combined with water and to form strong bonds that can withstand pressure, water immersion, and other elements. In the manufacture of Portland cement, clinker is lumps or nodules, usually 3-25 mm in diameter, produced by sintering limestone and alumino-silicate during the cement kiln stage. Cement clinkers are formed by the heat processing of cement elements in a kiln. Limestone, clay, bauxite, and iron ore sand in specific proportions are heated in a rotating kiln at 2,770° Fahrenheit (1,400° Celsius) until they begin to form cinder lumps, which are also known as cement clinkers. Cement clinkers are usually ground with gypsum to produce the fine powder later mixed with liquid to produce cement, although some manufacturers ship cement clinkers in their lump form to cut down on dust. Cement is heavily relied upon to produce mortar, grouts, and concrete, and cement clinkers are the first stage, post firing, in making cement. Cement has strong bonding qualities when mixed with gypsum and water to form a hydration reaction, and it forms approximately one tenth of concrete, mixed with rocks, sand, and other materials and used in building construction all over the world. Concretes high versatility makes it an ideal tool for building projects of all shapes and sizes, from skyscrapers to pool sides. Concrete can also be recycled when it has outlived its usefulness and converted back into cement clinkers through careful processing. Clinker is ground (usually with the addition of a little gypsum, that is, calcium sulfate dehydrate) to become Portland cement. It may also be combined with other active ingredients or chemical admixtures to produce: ground granulated blast furnace slag cement, pozzolana cement & silica fume cement. The cement industry is one of the main beneficiaries of the infrastructure boom. With robust demand and adequate supply, the industry has bright future. The Indian Cement Industry with total capacity of 165 million tones is the second largest after China. Cement industry is dominated by 20 companies who account for over 70% of the market. Individually no company accounts for over 12% of the market. The major players like L&T and ACC have been quiet successful in narrowing the gap between demand and supply. Private housing sector is the major consumer of cement (53%) followed by the government infrastructure sector. Similarly northern and southern region consume around 20%-30% cement while the central and western region are consuming only 18%-16%. India is the 2nd largest cement producer in world after china. Right from laying concrete bricks of economy to waving fly overs cement industry has shown and shows a great future. Domestic demand for cement has been increasing at a fast pace in India. Cement industry has contributed around 8% to the economic development of India. Outsiders (foreign players) eyeing India as a major market to invest in the form of either merger or FDI (Foreign Direct Investment). Cement industry has a long way to go as Indian economy is poised to grow because of being on verge of development. The company continues to emphasize on reduction of costs through enhanced productivity, reduction in energy costs and logistics expenses. The cement sector is expected to witness growth in line with the economic growth because of the strong co-relation with GDP. Future drivers of cement demand growth in India would be the road and housing projects. As per the Working Group report on Cement Industry for the formulation of the 11th Plan, the cement demand is likely to grow at 11.5 per cent per annum during the 11th Plan and cement production and capacity by the end of the 11th Plan are estimated to be 269 million tones and 298 million tones, respectively, with capacity utilization of 90 per cent. There is a very good scope in this sector and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: ACC Ltd. Almora Magnesite Ltd. Ambuja Cement Eastern Ltd. Ambuja Cement Rajasthan Ltd. Barak Valley Cements Ltd. Bhilai Jaypee Cement Ltd. Binani Cement Ltd. Birla Corporation Ltd. Cement Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Century Textiles & Inds. Ltd. Chettinad Cement Corpn. Ltd. Deccan Cements Ltd. Dhar Cement Ltd. Greygold Cements Ltd. Gujarat High Tech Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Sidhee Cement Ltd. Heidelberg Cement India Ltd. Hemadri Cements Ltd. India Cements Ltd. Keerthi Industries Ltd. Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. Lemos Cements Ltd. Malabar Cements Ltd. Mangalam Cement Ltd. Meghalaya Cement Ltd. My Home Inds. Ltd. N C L Industries Ltd. Namo Cements Ltd. Narmada Cement Co. Ltd. Penna Cement Inds. Ltd. Rain Commodities Ltd. Ramco Industries Ltd. Rishi Cement Co. Ltd. Sagar Cements Ltd. Sainik Finance & Inds. Ltd. Sanghi Industries Ltd. Saurashtra Cement Ltd. Shaktiman Cements Ltd. Shiva Cement Ltd. Shree Digvijay Cement Co. Ltd. Shri Hariganga Cement Ltd. Snhehadhara Industries Ltd. Sorabh Cement Ltd. Sparta Cements & Infra Ltd. Sri Vishnu Cement Ltd. Srichakra Cements Ltd. Sudarshan Cement & Multiprojects Ltd. Tata Chemicals Ltd. Ultratech Cement Ltd. Vinay Cements Ltd. Virgo Cements Ltd. Visaka Cement Industry Ltd. Zuari Cement Ltd.
Plant capacity: 75000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 433 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 727 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 58.00%
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INSULATOR - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Electricity play a vital role in the development and growth of Agriculture and Industry, As such, it is a high priority item for all the developing or developed nations. For the generation and distribution of Electricity, High Tension Insulators are an important adjusts. The substances, which strongly oppose flow of electrons through them, are termed as insulators. Traditional ceramics consists of all the products made from clay or silicates. Ceramics today may be defined broadly as any non-metallic inorganic substance in the solid state, normally complex compound but occasionally simple oxides. Even a single element like carbon is an example of not only ceramics but also of a refractory product. Low-tension insulators are used for A.C. & D.C. power supplies of not more than 600 volts. Low tensions insulators are manufactured in both glazed and unglazed insulators are quite satisfactory. Insulators required for use in humid atmosphere are invariably glazed. Glazed insulators are used in lighting arrestors in radio receivers, telephone and utility outfits and neon signs. Some L.T. insulators like nail knobs, tubes & cleats are glazed on one side. Voltage above 1000 Volts is generally considered as high tension for long distance Electric power transmission; high voltage is essential because it reduces the cross/section and, therefore, the weight of the conductor required. Porcelain insulators are suitable for high tension transmission & distribution are required to be effective at high voltages and under extreme climate conditions of rain, snow, high wind of soaring heat. In India, most of the leading high voltage manufacturers are located in the Southern and Eastern regions. This is because the raw materials which are mainly special type of clays which are available in those regions only. The future demand for insulators may be estimated on the basis of the likely behaviour of following 3 sectors ie. Household sectors, Power sector & the demand for commercial and industry sectors. The demand for insulators from domestic market is estimated to increase at 5% per annum. Besides this, there is a good scope for exporting insulators. It is estimated that the demand for insulators in export market will grow at 8% per annum. Thus the demand is likely to increase by more 20000 MT during next 5 years. This provides scope for many power units in LT or lower grade of HT insulators. Atleast 20000 to 25000 MT capacity is required to be added in next 5 years. The concern of Government over safety is increasing particularly for commercial buildings will also increase the demand. However it may require suitable insulators for commercial development of buildings like cinema houses, star category hotels, auditoriums, schools and colleges etc., There is a good scope and good potential in this sector and new entrepreneurs should venture into it. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Aditya Birla Insulators Ltd. Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd. B P L Systems & Projects Ltd. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Deco-Mica Ltd. Goldstone Infratech Ltd. Hindusthan Vidyut Products Ltd. Lakshmi Porcelains Ltd. Marathwada Ceramic Complex Ltd. Modern Insulators Ltd. P E C Ltd. Punjab Ceramics Ltd. Samrakshana Electricals Ltd. Seshasayee Industries Ltd. Vijay Solvex Ltd. W S Industries (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 2500 MT/Annum (Insulator)Plant & machinery: 54 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 250 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 42.00%
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CEMENT PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Cement industry forms a vital part of infrastructure development since no modern construction activity can take place without the use of cement in one form or another. The term cement is used to designate many different kinds of substances that are used as binders. Cement used in construction is characterised as hydraulic or non-hydraulic. The term cements as used henceforth will be confined to inorganic hydraulic cements, principally Portland cement. India is the second-largest producer of cement in the world after China with industry capacity of approximately 160 MT in 2006. The cement industry is regional in nature due to the concentration of limestone reserves located in a few states. This has resulted in a surplus situation in some regions and a deficit in others. Demand for cement has grown at a CAGR of 9.1% in the last two years with supply growing at a CAGR of 8.2% in the same period. With a large amount of infrastructure activities being planned in commercial, real estate and housing sector along with huge development works in roads, railways, ports and hydel projects, we expect the cement demand growth momentum to stay intact. We expect this to have a positive impact on cement prices in different regions till new capacities come up by mid-FY09. Demand for cement is correlated to the GDP growth of the country, infrastructure and industrial capex as well as exports. Strong GDP growth expected in the coming years and huge planned investments should result in healthy growth in the cement demand. The Indian economy continues to be on a much stronger growth path driven by increased amount of infrastructure spending and capex. The economy is expected to grow by 8% for the next two to three years, which will drive an increased demand growth for the cement industry. The cement demand is expected to grow at a CAGR of 10% at least for the next three years. The cement industry witnessed serious M&A activity in the past few years, as a result of which the top four players now account for almost 52 to 55% of the installed cement capacity of India, as against 40 to 42% in FY00. The M&A activity have also had global participants. The growing presence of international players bring with them better technology and operational efficiencies which could significantly alter pricing patterns. Indian cement sales rose 4.82% for FY11, its slowest pace in more than a decade, on poor demand. According to a report from the Business Standard, manufacturers have failed to match their expectation of 9 to 10 per cent growth in financial year 2010 to 2011, and are the first time since the industry entered its boom time during mid 2005 that cement makers’ high trajectory growth slipped to almost half of what experts had anticipated. The industry blames the slide on persistent poor demand for the building commodity throughout the year. After the Commonwealth Games held in Delhi last October, demand worsened, pulling down production and sales on a year on year basis in subsequent months, the report said. Cement demand is dependent on the level of construction activities. Construction activities are in turn closely related to a number of macroeconomic factors such as consumer spending, population growth, manufacturing sector growth, inflation rates, government spending etc. The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP. It makes significant contribution to the national economy and provides employment to large number of people. Construction constitutes 40% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, railways, energy, airports, irrigation etc. There are mainly three segments in the construction industry like real estate construction which includes residential and commercial construction; infrastructure building which includes roads, railways, power etc; and industrial construction that consists of oil and gas refineries, pipelines, textiles etc. Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man made products are in use. According to a study by ASSOCHAM, the burgeoning Indian construction industry will rise in the coming years. A large and growing middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing life style, better cost of living etc is growth drivers for this sector. The cement industry has witnessed substantial reorganization of capacities during the last couple of years. Some examples of the consolidation witnessed during the recent past include: Gujarat Ambuja taking a stake of 14% in ACC; Gujarat Ambuja taking over DLF Cements and Modi Cement; India Cement taking over Raasi Cement and Sri Vishnu Cement; Grasims acquisition of the cement business of L&T; Indian Rayons cement division merging with Grasim; Grasim taking over Sri Digvijay Cements; L&T taking over Narmada Cements; ACC taking over IDCOL. There is a very good scope and market potential of cement right now. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 1800000 Nos. Cement Bags (50 Kg. each)Plant & machinery: 1296 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1750 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 47.00%
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AAC BLOCKS (AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS) FLY ASH BASED - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) is a non combustible, lime based, cementitious building material that is expanding into new worldwide markets. As a single component building material, AAC has achieved acceptance in new markets throughout the world. AAC products are equally suitable for residential construction, multistory buildings, commercial, and industrial construction. The products are made of natural materials: sand, lime, and water. These raw materials are processed to provide a building material with a large number of air pores; hence, aerated concrete. Fine pores (nearly 70% of the product) and the solid structure of calcium silicate hydrate gives AAC its exceptional material properties. The AAC has the features of light bulk density, good thermal insulation properties and sound-absorption, certain strength and process ability, and its raw materials is very rich, especially the reuse of fly ash enables the comprehensive utilization of industrial residue, curbs environmental pollution, no destroy on farmland, create good social and economic benefits. AAC is an ideal alternative of the traditional clay brick wall materials. For many years AAC has been strongly supported by national wall reform policy, tax policy and environmental policy. In a sentence, AAC has been an important factor in new building materials and has a broad market prospect. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 150000 M3/AnnumPlant & machinery: 1100 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1790 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 53.00%
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FLY ASH BRICKS FROM LIMESTONE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Fly Ash bricks are alternative to burnt clay bricks in the construction sector in India. Fly ash bricks are an environment friendly cost saving building product. These fly ash bricks are three times stronger than conventional bricks with consistent strength. This is proving to be a revolutionary invention that produces bricks without the sintering process and consequently no greenhouse gases are emitted. The ultimate product is none other than FaL G Brick which is well qualified as emission abating project to receive the benefits of carbon credits. India produces about 70 million tons of coal ash per year from burning about 200 million tons of coal per year for electric power generation. Coal ash management poses a serious environmental problem for India and requires a mission-mode approach. Currently, about one acre per MW of land is needed for ash disposal. The Ministry of Power, Govt. of India estimates 1800 million tons of coal use every year and 600 million tons of fly ash generated by 2031 to 2032. The country consumes about 180 billion tonnes bricks, exhausting approximately 340 billion tonnes of clay every year and about 5000 acres of top soil land is made unfertile for a long period. The Government is seriously concerned over soil erosion for production of massive quantities of bricks, in the background of enormous housing needs. Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF) Had issued a Gazette Notification on 14th Sep 1999, Stipulating that no person shall be permitted to manufacture clay bricks or tiles or blocks for use in construction activity without at least 25% of ash (fly ash, bottom ash, or pond ash on weight to weight basis), within a radius of 50 Km from coal or lignite based thermal power plants in India. Ministry of Environment & Forest had amended the Gazette Notification on 27 Aug 2003 making it compulsory to use fly ash for manufacturing building material by increasing the radius from 50 Km to 100 Km. Fly ash bricks are nowadays mostly used for construction and gaining its popularity over builders and engineers because of its high strength, uniformity and less consumption of mortar plastering. Above to this it is eco friendly bricks which saves environmental damage caused by burnt clay bricks and saves top agricultural soil which was the main raw material in the burnt clay bricks. Further ahead, by 2025-26 the number of middle class households in India is likely to more than double from the 2015 to 16 levels to 113.8 million households or 547 million individuals, indicative of increased household formation rate, and consequently increase demand for housing, thus providing a great market opportunity for new entrepreneurs according to NCAER. The demand is perceived to be higher for fly ash bricks & blocks than traditional bricks or blocks. The increased demand can be met by increased production levels of existing units or by setting up large scale manufacturing units. Fly ash utilization has great potential to lower green house gas emissions. Hence there is a bright market potential for fly ash bricks. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 12000000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 80 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 409 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 40.00%
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CONCRETE BLOCK & READY MIX CONCRETE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

PRODUCT PROFILE Concrete is a composite construction material composed primarily of aggregate, cement and water. Concrete is widely used for making architectural structures, foundations, brick/block walls, pavements, bridges/overpasses, motorways/roads, runways, parking structures, dams, pools/reservoirs, pipes, footings for gates, fences and poles and even boats. Concrete blocks for building houses were first made in Europe around 1850. Ready mix concrete is a modern trend of introduction in the Asian Countries. It is already introduce long before in the European Countries. It is new concept of use concrete in the construction area. Ready mix concrete has advantages in the area where immediate requirement of concrete mixture like in the preparation of bridge overhead roads on or the road construction. In India there is a hope to get good scope of RMC within short period. There are plenty of raw materials and plant machineries in India indigenously. Technical Specifications of Concrete Blocks Typical size -300 x 200 x 150 mm Average compressive strength at 28 days 50-110 kg/sq.cm Mix Proportion -1:12-14 (1 part cement: 12-14 parts sum graded aggregates) Water absorption in 24 hours -less than 10% by weight of block Applications The concrete hollow blocks are used for building construction in developed countries. It takes less time in building work when concrete hollow blocks are used for building walls. Several bit of wall height can be constructed in a few hours in case of concrete hollow block walls compared with much slower rate of construction with conventional bricks. The second major advantage derived by the use of concrete hollow blocks is that the cavities in the blocks are fitted with air column even after completion of the building work. The cavity firmed in the concrete blocks makes it easy for prompt handling and higher in weight in comparison to the solid blocks of the same dimensions. Thus, workers engaged in building construction work feel less exhausted even after long stretch of work. It is used in the construction of bridge, dam overhead roads, pools, multi stories buildings etc. Global demand National Scenario India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. It is followed by Japan and the USA. The overall turnover of the industry is placed at Rs 600 bn. India accounts for a share of about 6% against China's 37% and the USA's 5% of global production. India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. It is followed by Japan and the USA. The overall turnover of the industry is placed at Rs 600 bn. India accounts for a share of about 6% against China's 37% and the USA's 5% of global production. Cement and ready mix concrete demand is dependent on the level of construction activities. Construction activities are in turn closely related to a number of macroeconomic factors such as consumer spending, population growth, manufacturing sector growth, inflation rates, and government spending etc. The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP. Construction constitutes 40% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, railways, energy, airports, irrigation etc. The growth of RMC (Ready Mix concrete) in India has in the past been predominantly driven by demand from the metro cities. International scenario The world market for Ready Mix Concrete is projected to reach $105.2 billion by the year 2015. This is primarily driven by rapid growth in infrastructure, residential sectors, and non residential sectors in various parts of the world. Further, the rapidly growing demand for the ready mix concrete in urban areas will also contribute to the market growth. The demand of concrete block & ready mix concrete in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.
Plant capacity: 2400000 NO.s Concrete blocks /Annum, 49000 Cubic metre Ready mix concrete/Annum, Plant & machinery: 1068 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 1477 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 42.00%
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ARTIFICIAL SAND FROM STONES AND WASTE METALS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

PRODUCT PROFILE Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles. The composition of sand is highly variable, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non tropical coastal settings is silica (silicon dioxide, or SiO2), usually in the form of quartz. Sand is generally mixed with cement and water form concrete. These sand particles should be hard and inert with respect to cement. In the construction industry commonly used artificial sand to compound concrete. Use of artificial sand concrete density, anti permeability, antifreeze performance is good, other physical and mechanical performance and long term durability all can reach the design requirements of operation. Artificial sand preparation is especially suitable for high strength grade of concrete, the high performance concrete and pumping concrete. Applications Sand has its applications in various fields. In agriculture sandy soils are ideal for crops such as watermelons, peaches, and peanuts and their excellent drainage characteristics make them suitable for intensive dairy farming. In aquaria it makes a low cost aquarium base material which some believe is better than gravel for home use. Manufacturing plants add sand to a mixture of clay and other materials for manufacturing bricks. Coarse sand makes up as much as 75% of cob. Sand is mixed with cement and sometimes lime to be used in masonry construction. Sand is often a principal component of this critical construction material. Sand is the principal component in common glass. Mixing sand with paint produces a textured finish for walls and ceilings or non slip floor surfaces. Sand is also used as sand bags, these protect against floods and gunfire. Media filters use sand for filtering water. Global demand Due to the increase of population & living standards, the demand for this product is multiplying in every year. Present supply of production is meeting only about 20% of the demand if all the crusher units of the state start manufacturing machine made sand as an additional venture then also it could meet only about 50- 60% of the requirement. At present the existing sand manufacturers are producing sand like materials form granite stone and people are facing difficulties while plastering work. The demand of river sand will roll and will bring back the smiles on the faces of both the environmentalists and the industries. Because there is abundant of natural sand because of the heavy demand in the growing construction activities in nowadays society, the artificial sand production line the sand produce field has a popular and a welcome position. The demand of sand in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.
Plant capacity: 720000MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 595 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of the project: 1066 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Polymer Modified Cementitious Tile Adhesives - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Profile Polymer modified adhesives are widely accepted in the industry and often referred to as thin-set mortars. The blended polymers interact with cement components to improve the physical and mechanical properties such as increased adhesion, reduced shrinkage and lower water absorption. The polymer modified adhesives are commonly available in two types. One comes with powdered polymer as premix. Hence, during the application, only water is required to be added to make a bed. Polymer modification of adhesives and grouts offers improvements including easier handling, increased tensile and flexural strength, enhanced adhesive characteristics, improved water resistance and greater durability. A key benefit is increased water resistance. The advantages are easier maintenance, increased durability and greater resistance to the potential damage from freezing and thawing cycles. Properties White Cement Based Cementitious Tile Adhesive: Appearance - Powder Composition - Cement, siliceous sand and additives Colour - Grey or White Density - 1.55 kg/lit ± 0.05 Application Following are some of the applications and advantages of polymer modifies cementitious tile adhesives: • Decorative Overlays: Wall coatings and textured building finishes (polymer-modified stucco). • Adhesion, tensile and flexural strength, exterior durability; toughness test of modified and unmodified mortar patches; Mortar Patches are feathered down to blend in with original substrate. • Flooring and Pavements: Can be used in mortar or heavy use concrete industrial/commercial flooring overlay formulations. Warehouses, factories, hospitals, stairways, garages, railway platforms, airport runways, etc. • Waterproofing: Basements, bulk water storage tanks, septic tanks, ship decks, roof decks, and concrete walls. Market Potential A cement based adhesive must be used for exterior work. Whilst standard cement based tile adhesives are suitable for exterior use, highly polymer-modified adhesives offer enhanced bond strength, reduced porosity and therefore better resistance to frost & greater resistance to movement (thermally induced movement is inevitable particularly for walls). The present market size of the construction chemicals industry in India is about 1,700 crore and is rapidly growing at the rate of around 20 per cent per annum. The demand for construction chemicals is dependent on the construction industry.
Plant capacity: White Cement Tile Adhesive – 1500 MT/Annum,Ordinary Portland Cement Tile Adhesive – 1500 MT/Annum Plant & machinery: 106 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 420 Lakh
Return: 44.00%Break even: 55.00%
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