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Minerals, Marble, Granite, Gypsum, Quartz, Talc, Mica Projects

India is rich in natural resources. Minerals constitute the back-bone of economic growth of any nation and India has been eminently endowed with this gift of nature. There is much evidence that exploitation of minerals like coal, iron-ore, copper, lead-zinc has been going on in the country from time immemorial.  Natural stones like granite and marble are capable of taking a high polish and are therefore used as decorative stones for cladding purpose in the construction industry, as well as for monumental and memorial work. Marble carries a status symbol of luxury and it gives a long-term benefit to one who has purchased it. This is so because it is a very durable stone. The marble tiles can be used for indoor and outdoor decorations of your home. Floors, countertops, fireplaces, porticos of large or small buildings can be made elegant and luxuriant by marble. Large buildings, monuments, mansions, multi-storied buildings make use of this stone for adding that elegant decorative touch.

Since granite is a hard rock, special grinding and polishing heads are used for rapidly grinding and polishing the slabs of granite. For polishing soft stones like marble, it is necessary to have a complete surface to surface contact of the abrasive and marble. The basic principle of polishing any natural stone is to hone the surface of the stone by progressively using finer mesh of abrasives until the natural luster of the stone is obtained. A polished piece of natural stone is capable of reflecting a major portion of the light falling on it. In most modem stone processing plants, bonded abrasives are used for grinding and polishing natural stones. India is largely self sufficient in most of the minerals which include barytes, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, fluorspar, gypsum, iron ore, kyanite, limestone, manganese ore, magnesite, sillimanite, etc. except the minerals like copper, asbestos, lead and zinc, natural phosphates, sulphur and crude petroleum, in which domestic production meets the demand only partially.

India has one of the largest reserves of granite in the world and exported Rs 2,600 crore (Rs 26 billion) worth of the stone last year. Granite exports this fiscal are expected to touch Rs 2,800 crore (Rs 28 billion) and nearly one-fourth of these exports is accounted for by monument stones.

Indian granite exports have declined 33 per cent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. The sector, which relies heavily on American and European demand, was among the first to feel the heat of the sub-prime crisis. Its export revenues fell steeply in 2007-08, even before there were visible signs of a slowdown in Indian housing and industry. What perhaps explains the increase in volumes in 2007-08 is that polished granite, which commands a better price, was substituted by semi-finished blocks. Yet, prices in the latter category remained unattractive, reflecting the severity of the recession. Volumes increased by 10.2 per cent in 2007-08 over the previous year, while revenue earned from exports decreased by 17.6 per cent this year. The decline in export earnings and volumes was more pronounced in 2008-09. The export of polished granites blocks and slabs more than halved in 2008-09 at 2.75 lakh tonnes compared with 5.52 lakh tonnes in 2007, while in 2007-08 it was 4.13 lakh tonnes. Export revenue in this segment declined 51.9 per cent – more than the sector as a whole – to Rs 862.63 crore 2008-09 from Rs 1,791.98 crore in 2006-07. In 2007-08, it was Rs 1,332.56 crore. However, the export of semi-finished blocks to China has not been as badly affected. The export volumes of crude or roughly trimmed granite increased to 25.63 lakh tonnes in 2008 from 21.47 lakh tonnes in 2007. In 2009, it declined to 23.92 lakh tonnes. Exports revenue largely remained flat at Rs 1478.95 crore in 2009, compared with RS 1479.44 crore in 2008. In 2007, it was Rs 1703.37 crore. Granite accounts for 10 per cent of India’s minerals’ output. Over the last three decades the Indian granite industry has modernized to global standards. Sculptures and monuments made in India are being exported all over the world.

About 85-90 per cent of the total granite production in the country is for exports. So after this recession period over the industry will again regain its demand .This is the best time for an entrepreneur to venture into this sector.

Coming to gypsum products in India, gypsum has proved to be a miraculous material aiding interior construction. Gypsum surface plaster is one form that has caught the attention on the sector and is growing in popularity. In recent years, the construction sector has witnessed a number of new trends, technology advancements and innovations across applications, all aimed at making construction faster and delivering higher performance. The industry of cement and gypsum products in India is the second biggest manufacturer of high grade cement in the whole world. The cement and gypsum products industry in India consists of over 300 small cement plants and around 130 large cement plants with the total production capacity of more than 167.36 million tons. The different varieties of cement manufactured in India are Oil Well cement, White cement, Portland Pozzolana cement, and Ordinary Portland cement.

Some of international companies having presence in cement and gypsum products industry in India are: Lafarge, Italcementi, Heidelberg Cements, and Holcim.

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MAGNESIUM OXIDE DEAD BURNED MAGNESIA (DBM) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Magnesium oxide is the most important industrial magnesium compound with its main application in the steel and refractory industry. It is also largely used in many other industrial sectors including the food and animal feed industries. Magnesia or magnesium oxide is an alkaline earth metal oxide. The majority of magnesium oxide produced today is obtained from the calcination of naturally occurring minerals, magnesite, MgCO3, being the most common. Both MgCO3 and Mg(OH)2 are converted to MgO by calcination. The thermal treatment of the calcination process affects the surface area and pore size and hence the reactivity of magnesium oxide formed. The source largely determines the level and nature of impurities present in the calcined material. Caustic calcined magnesia which is used in a wide range of industrial applications e.g. plastics, rubber, adhesives and acid neutralisation is formed by calcining in the range 700 to 1000°C. By calcining in the range 1000 to 1500°C the magnesium oxide is used where its lower chemical activity is required e.g. fertiliser and animal feed. Dead burned magnesia, which is produced in shaft and rotary kilns at temperatures over 1500°C, has reduced chemical reactivity therefore is more suited to refractory applications. Finally fused magnesia which is produced in an electric arc furnace from caustic calcined magnesia at temperatures in excess of 2650°C is used for a variety of refractory and electrical applications. Uses of Magnesia Sintered or dead burned magnesia is primarily used in the refractory industry. Example areas of application for refractory products using magnesia are: In the steel industry, for electric arc furnaces, basic oxygen furnaces or other furnaces, steel converters, hot metal transport and machinery in the cement industry, for the inlets of preheaters, cement kilns and coolers in the non ferrous metal industries. For furnaces in the lime industry, e.g. for the inlets of lime kilns in the glass industry, e.g. for melting furnaces, regenerator chambers. It is chiefly used in the manufacturing of refracting bricks for furnace lining. Based on a worldwide magnesia production shows the sector specific consumption of magnesia in different industries including the synthetic magnesia industry. Magnesia is mainly used for the production of refractory products. 65 % of magnesia used for refractories is produced in order to be used in the steel industry, 15 % in the cement industry, 7 % of magnesia production is used for other refractory applications, such as in the non ferrous metals industries or in the glass industry and finally 13 % of total production is used for s are known most of them are for CCM. The main applications can be found in agriculture as feed or fertiliser, in the construction industry as floor covering and for insulation, in the manufacture of cellulose, paper, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, flame proofing and sweeping materials as well as in environmental protection. Market Survey Magnesium is the eighth most abundant element and constitutes about 2 percent of the Earth’s crust. It is the third most plentiful element dissolved in seawater, with a concentration averaging 0.13 percent. Although magnesium is found in over 60 minerals, only dolomite, magnesite, brucite, carnallite, and olivine are of commercial importance. Magnesium and magnesium compounds are produced from seawater, well and lake brines and bitterns, as well as from the minerals noted above. Refractory magnesia represents the largest tonnage use of magnesium in compounds. The iron and steel industry is the largest consumer of these products in the United States and most other magnesia consuming countries. Dead burned magnesia from magnesite, seawater, or well and lake brines is used as a major constituent in metallurgical furnace refractory products Magnesia is also used in agricultural applications for animal feed and fertilizer. Magnesium serves as a structural part of the chlorophyll molecule, a compound necessary for plant photosynthesis. Without sufficient magnesium, either from the soil or from fertilizer application, plants can die. Corn, potatoes, cotton, citrus, tobacco, and sugar beets are among the crops that are highly responsive to magnesium fertilization. Most of the end use markets for caustic calcined magnesia are mature, and there is little room for significant growth. The exception to this is the environmental market, where applications in water treatment are growing. Caustic calcined magnesia competes with magnesium hydroxide in this market.
Plant capacity: 1000 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs.6105 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs.10189 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 75.00%
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SYNTHETIC RUTILE FROM ILMENITE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Titanium is relatively abundant in the earth’s crust, which is usually found in igneous and metamorphic rocks as ilmenite (FeTiO3), rutile (TiO2) and titanomagnetite (Fe2TiO4–Fe2O4). Ilmenite is a lustrous black to brownish titanium ore, essentially FeTiO3. Iron-black, heavy, metallic oxide mineral, composed of iron and titanium oxide (FeTiO), which is the major source of titanium. Thus ilmenite has enough titanium in their composition to be considered titanium ore when found in large enough deposits. Ilmenite contains iron, hence can be an iron ore while rutile does not contain iron, and is not an iron ore. Ilmenite forms as a primary mineral in igneous rocks and is concentrated into layers by a process called magmatic segregation. It crystallizes out of a magma relatively early before most of the other minerals. As a result, the heavier crystals of ilmenite fall to the bottom of the magma chamber and collect in layers. It is these layers that constitute a rich ore body for titanium miners. Ilmenite also occurs in pegmatite’s and some metamorphic rocks as well as in the sedimentary rocks that are formed from the weathering and erosion of them. Rutile is an interesting, varied and important mineral. Rutile is also unwittingly of major importance to the gemstone markets. Titanium dioxide or rutile also has high potential applications in environmental purification, gas sensors, and in photovoltaic cells due to its unique characteristics. Natural rutile, owing to its high titanium content and low levels of impurities, has traditionally been preferred as a feed stock for the production of titanium dioxide pigment. Natural rutile is becoming scarcer and consequently more costly and alternative methods that use ilmenite are being favored. Ilmenite concentrates have relatively low titanium content (usually about 50% titanium dioxide compared to about 96% in the case of rutile) but have Fe as their major impurity and thus pose problems for pigment production. Nevertheless, ilmenite has been used as an alternate feed material for production of pigment through chemical routes. Synthetic rutile was first produced in 1948 and is sold under a variety of names while very pure synthetic rutile is transparent and almost colorless (slightly yellow) in large pieces. Synthetic rutile can be made in a variety of colors. They can be made by doping, although the purest material is almost colorless. The high refractive index gives an adamantine luster and strong refraction that leads to a diamond-like appearance. The near-colorless diamond substitute is sold as Titania, which is the old-fashioned chemical name for this oxide. The process of converting ilmenite to synthetic rutile generates 0.7 tons of waste per ton of product, and the chloride process generates about 0.2 tons of waste per ton of TiO2 product using rutile as a feedstock. In comparison, direct chlorination of ilmenite generates approximately 1.2 tons of waste (primarily ferric chloride) per ton of TiO2 Synthetic rutile (TiO2) can also manufacture through the upgrading of ilmenite ore to remove impurities (mostly iron) and yield a feedstock for production of titanium tetrachloride through the chloride process. The chemical composition of synthetic rutile is similar to that of natural rutile, but differs in physical form. Synthetic rutile concentrates are composed of very fine crystals and are porous, whereas natural rutile grains are composed of single crystals. Benelite Cyclic Process to produce synthetic rutile In the Benelite Cyclic process developed by the Benelite Corporation of America, raw ilmenite sand containing 54 to 65% TiO2 is roasted with heavy fuel oil in a rotary kiln at 870° C. The fuel oil functions as a reducing agent, converting ferric iron (Fe3+) in the ilmenite to the ferrous (Fe2+) state. The fuel oil is burned at the discharge end of the kiln, and the resulting gases are passed through a cyclone and an incinerator to remove solids and unreacted hydrocarbons. The reduced ilmenite is then batch-digested in rotary-ball digesters with 18-20% HCl at 140° C. Ferrous oxide in the ilmenite is converted to soluble ferrous chloride, and the TiO2 portion of the ilmenite is left as a solid. Spent acid liquor, which contains excess HCl and ferrous chloride, is sent to an acid regeneration circuit. The TiO2 solids are washed with water and filtered and calcined at 870° C, yielding synthetic rutile with approximately 94% TiO2. Exhaust gases from the calciner are treated to remove solids and acidic gases before they are released to the atmosphere. In the acid regeneration circuit, the spent acid liquor is sent to a preconcentrator where one-fourth of the water in the liquor is evaporated. The concentrated liquor is sprayed through atomizers, causing the droplets to dry out, yielding HCl gas and ferric oxide powder. The gas is cycloned and then sent to an absorber to remove HCl for reuse. The ferric oxide powder is slurried with water to create the waste stream iron oxide slurry. Synthetic rutile (TiO2) is manufactured through the upgrading of ilmenite ore to remove impurities (mostly iron) and yield a feedstock for production of titanium tetrachloride through the chloride process. The chemical composition of synthetic rutile is similar to that of natural rutile, but differs in physical form. Synthetic rutile concentrates are composed of very fine crystals and are porous, whereas natural rutile grains are composed of single crystals. ? SYNTHETIC RUTILE PROPERTIES Chemical Composition: Titanium Dioxide - TiO2 Classification / Type: The material is found abundant as inclusions (silk, needles, crystals, etc.) in number of gemstones preferably in quartz, tourmaline, ruby and sapphire but large facet table crystals are quite rare therefore gemological importance lies in the synthetic counterpart produced by flame fusion method. Colors / Varieties: All colors, generally colorless with a yellow tinge. Crystal System / Forms: Tetragonal System. Hardness: 6 - 6.5. Specific Gravity: 4.20. Cleavage / Fracture: Distinct. Luster: Vitreous. Refractive Index / Birefringence: 2.616 - 2.903 / 0.287. Pleochroism: Weak. Dispersion: 0.290 (high fire). Magnification: Generally clean, strong doubling giving a hazy appearance, dispersive fire. U.V. Fluorescence: Inert. Spectrum: Not diagnostic. Cause of Color: As per dopant used. Treatment (Enhancement): Dark colored boules of synthetic rutile are heated to give the light yellow color. Natural rutile is generally brown in color which is heated to give yellow color. Specific Tests: Very high doubling and dispersive fire. Synthesis: Flame Fusion Method Geological Occurrence: Natural rutile as inclusions in quartz, tourmaline and corundum. Cuts & Uses: Facetted cuts, etc. USES Synthetic rutile is the preferred feedstocks for production of titanium tetrachloride which is used for sponge and metal production. Because it is relatively free of impurities, fewer wastes are generated using rutile and synthetic rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride and titanium dioxide pigment than with ilmenite. Rutile is a major ore of titanium, a metal used for high tech alloys because of its light weight, high strength and resistance to corrosion. Rutile is seldom used in jewellery because of its less hardened property. Rutile has minor uses in porcelain and glass manufacture as a coloring agent and in making some steels and copper alloys. Rutile is also used as a gem, but artificial rutile produced by the flame-fusion (Verneuil) process is superior to natural crystals for gem use. The artificial material has a yellow tinge, a very high index of refraction, and high dispersion; hence it shows fire and brilliance like that of diamond. Synthetic gems can be produced in various colours by the addition of appropriate metal oxides before fusion. Synthetic rutile is used for coating welding electrodes and for manufacture of titanium tetrachloride which in turn is used in making titanium sponge. MARKET SURVEY Iluka is the world’s largest producer of synthetic rutile, accounting for approximately 66% of global production in past years. Synthetic rutile prices have risen more strongly, up by around 12%, and ilmenite prices have increased by around 8%. Indian Synthetic Rutile Plants are based on reduction roasting followed by acid leaching with or without generation of hydrochloric acid. The continuing objective of Austpac is participation in a large scale synthetic rutile plant based on India’s large, high grade heavy mineral resources. TiO2 market analysts predict an increased demand for high grade feedstock for TiO2 pigment manufacture in past years. Austpac and Ticor are therefore now examining alternatives for the initial plant that will allow a large scale facility to meet the predicted market window for synthetic rutile. CMRL (Cochin Mineral and Rutile Ltd.) is manufacturing the best quality Synthetic Rutile across the World. CMRL is India's largest manufacturer of Aqua Ferric Chloride which conforms to all major International Standards.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Precipitated Calcium Carbonate - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Worldwide, almost 10 million tons of precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) is produced annually for use in a wide range of end-use applications. Roughly 70% of the total is consumed by the paper industry for the filling and coating of paper. Large amounts of PCC are also used in the filling of polymers, as a pigment in paint, and as a thixotropic in sealant and plastisol formulations. In 2010, approximately 90% of the PCC produced was consumed by the paper industry. The paper industry is the largest consumer of PCC. Using an estimated 5.5 MT, this market accounted for over 40% of world PCC consumption. Plastics are the second largest market for PCC. Consumption worldwide in this market totaled 3.5Mt. Asia dominates consumption, accounting for some 85% of the world total. The largest market for precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) in the United States is the paper industry, where it is used predominantly as filler. Forecast growth in Chinese PCC consumption reflects rising domestic demand for paper, for paints and plastics in the construction industry, and for rubber. Chinese PCC consumption is forecast to rise by 6%py to reach 13Mt in 2014. Few Major Companies names are listed below: Dewan Rubber Inds. Ltd. Genus Prime Infra Ltd. Thirani Chemicals Ltd. [Merged] Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Niraj Petrochemicals Ltd. Searsole Chemicals Ltd. Samana Plastic Ltd. Gulshan Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. [Merged] Citurgia Biochemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15000 MT/annumPlant & machinery: Rs.189 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs.438 Lakhs
Return: 38.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Neutralization of Phospho-Gypsum - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

Phospho-gypsum is a by-product of the phosphoric acid industry and consists of 65-70 % gypsum, 25-30 % water and 5-10 % impurities, i.e. phosphoric acid and its salts, hydrofluoric acid and its compounds. There are more than few plants (those of Onoda in Japan, Giulinichemic GmbH , Knauf in Germany, etc.) where the impurities are eliminated by washing Phospho-gypsum with water or separating off coarse and very fine particles. Phosphoric acid production scenarios in India, there are 11 no. of phosphoric acid manufacturing units located in 7 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. Earlier, the total production of phosphoric acid is about 1.2 Million Tons. Phosphogypsum generation in the Country is about 11 Million Tons per annum (based on the assumption that 5 Tons of Phospho-gypsum generated per ton of phosphoric acid production).
Plant capacity: 600000 MT/annumPlant & machinery: Rs 1008 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 3114 Lakhs
Return: 36.89%Break even: 43.92%
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Precipitated Calcium Carbonate - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Sizing Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC)—also known as purified, refined or synthetic calcium carbonate. It has the same chemical formula as other types of calcium carbonate, such as limestone, marble and chalk: CaCO3. The calcium, carbon and oxygen atoms can arrange themselves in three different ways, to form three different calcium carbonate minerals. The most common arrangement for both precipitated and ground calcium carbonates is the hexagonal form known as calcite. Precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC), a manufactured form of calcium carbonate, is made by first hydrating high-calcium quicklime, and then reacting the resulting slurry or "milk-of lime" with carbon dioxide. The resulting product is extremely white and has a uniformly small particle size. It has numerous uses, most notably in the paper industry. With the trend in papermaking toward using the alkaline over the acid process, PCC is being used increasingly as a filler and coating pigment for premium quality paper. The trend is to produce PCC in slurry form at satellite plants located near the paper mills, using commercial quicklime, although it is also produced and sold commercially. PCC is used to enhance the brightness, color, smoothness, and bulk of the paper, replacing more expensive paper pulp. Approximately 75% of worldwide PCC production is used for this purpose. According to GIA, Global market for Calcium Carbonate is projected to reach 94 million tons by 2018, driven by the rising consumption in paper and plastic industries and the growing demand for PCC and GCC in Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East. Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) is an inorganic mineral that finds extensive use as functional and commercial filler in plastic, paper, rubber, coatings, light chemicals, and architectural materials, among others. Growth in the Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) market would be driven by the increasing number of paper mills and rising demand from plastics sector. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Citurgia Biochemicals Ltd. • Dewan Rubber Inds. Ltd. • Fimakem India Ltd. • Genus Prime Infra Ltd. • Gulshan Polyols Ltd. • Gulshan Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. • Lime Chemicals Ltd. • Niraj Petrochemicals Ltd. • Samana Plastic Ltd. • Searsole Chemicals Ltd. • Shyam Textiles Ltd. • Thirani Chemicals Ltd. • U P Lime-Chem Ltd.
Plant capacity: 25 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 715 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1138 Lakhs
Return: 20.65%Break even: 52.58%
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Bleaching Earth - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Bleaching earth consists primarily of hydrous aluminium silicates (clay minerals) of varying composition. Common components are montmorillonite, kaolinite and attapulgite. Small amounts of other minerals may be present in bleaching earth deposits, including calcite, dolomite, and quartz. In some localities bleaching earth refers to calcium bentonite, which is altered volcanic ash composed mostly of montmorillonite. Bentonite as a Bleaching Earth is a particular kind of clay derived from volcanic ash and consists mainly of montmorillonite with minor amount of illite, kaolinite, cristobalite and other minerals. Bentonite has strong colloidal properties and, when in contact with water, increases its volume several fold by swelling, forming a tixotropic, gelatinous substance. Main uses of Bentonite as a bleaching earth take advantages of these colloidal properties. Application of bleaching earth for the purification of vegetable oils has led to several problems such as oil retention, filtration and environmental effect. If the amount of bleaching earth used is higher than the required value, oil losses will be greater due to the oil retention properties of bleaching earth. The types of clays and their particle sizes influence the filtration efficiency. Clays made up of very fine particles are more compact and needs a longer filtration time to separate the clays from the oils. In addition, the excessive use of activated bleaching earth can cause environmental problems and increase the land-fill disposal costs. Due to these problems, numerous researches attempting to improve the effectiveness of bleaching earth have been carried out in the recent years. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • 20 Microns Nano Minerals Ltd. • Ashapura Claytech Ltd. • Ashapura Minechem Ltd. • Ashapura Volclay Ltd. • Ashok Alco-Chem Ltd. • Refnol Resins & Chemicals Ltd. • Soubhik Exports Ltd.
Plant capacity: 20MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 72 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 712 Lakhs
Return: 26.38%Break even: 44.37%
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Hematite from Iron Ore/Lumps - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Hematite is one of the most abundant minerals on Earth's surface and in the shallow crust. It is an iron oxide with a chemical composition of Fe2O3. It is a common rock-forming mineral found in sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks at locations throughout the world. Hematite is the most important ore of iron. Although it was once mined at thousands of locations around the world, today almost all of the production comes from a few dozen large deposits where significant equipment investments allow companies to efficiently mine and process the ore. Most ore is now produced in China, Australia, Brazil, India, Russia, Ukraine, South Africa, Canada, Venezuela, and the United States. ? Hematite has a wide variety of other uses, but their economic significance is very small compared to the importance of iron ore. The mineral is used to produce pigments, preparations for heavy media separation, radiation shielding, ballast, and many other products. The most important iron ore types found in India are hematite and magnetite. Nearly 61% of hematite ore deposits are found in the eastern part of India and 82% of magnetite ore deposits occur in southern part of India, especially in the state of Karnataka. Iron ore Hematite contains 60 per cent to 70 per cent pure iron and is found in Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Therefore, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest Few Indian Major Players are as under • Adhunik Alloys & Power Ltd. • Atibir Industries Co. Ltd. • Bajrang Metalics Ltd. • Banspani Iron Ltd. • Canara Overseas Ltd. • Chaman Metallics Ltd. • Comfoams Ltd. • Concast Steel & Power Ltd. • Khedaria Ispat Ltd. • Kundil Sponge Iron Ltd. • M B Ispat Corpn. Ltd. • M G M Minerals Ltd. • M S P L Ltd. • M S P Metallics Ltd. • Shree Sidhbali Ispat Ltd. • Shri Hare-Krishna Sponge Iron Ltd. • Steel Exchange India Ltd. • Suraj Products Ltd. • Tata Sponge Iron Ltd. • V S L Steels Ltd. • Vikas Metaliks & Energy Ltd. • Yazdani Steel & Power Ltd.
Plant capacity: Hematite:120 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 416 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1081 Lakhs
Return: 28.11%Break even: 51.00%
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Quartz Slabs - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Engineered stone is a composite material made of crushed stone bound together by an adhesive, (most commonly polymer resin, with some newer versions using cement mix). The two common stones used in producing these products are marbles and quartz. The application of these products depends on the original stone used. For engineered marbles the most common application is indoor flooring and walls, while the quartz based product is used primarily for kitchen countertops. Quartz is the most abundant mineral on Earth and one of the hardest, so it is "hardly" surprising that manufacturers saw its great potential for a surface material more than 50 years ago. Since that time, quartz countertops have grown in popularity as homeowners discovered what the earliest quartz pioneers knew - when the natural mineral quartz is improved upon by man's ingenuity, quartz countertops can compete with other natural stone countertops in every way. Engineered quartz (not to be confused with Quartzite, another appealing natural stone used as counters) is a manmade product created mostly from natural materials. It’s made of 90 to 94 percent ground quartz and 6 to 10 percent resins and pigments that are combined into durable and nonporous slabs. The strength of quartz, even in a manufactured form, makes it naturally resistant to abrasion, scratches, dents, and even acids without the need for sealants. And the environmental impact of manufactured quartz is low: Quartz is an abundant material and the finished product is nontoxic and nonallergenic, and will last a lifetime, reducing the need for replacement. Quartz countertops quickly became popular in Italy, and have been featured in European kitchens for decades to follow. It took longer for the trend to catch on in the United States - this may be explained in various ways: trends and fashions that originate abroad often take time to trickle to the U.S., or, more likely, American homeowners were satisfied with our current options at the time (laminate was the predominant surface in the 60s and 70s) and were not inclined to embrace a material that looked so similar to widely available natural stone options like granite, marble and limestone. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aakash Universal Ltd. • Associated Marmo & Granites Ltd. • Elegant Marbles & Grani Inds. Ltd. • Inani Marbles & Inds. Ltd. • Madhav Marbles & Granites Ltd. • Mahak Marbles Pvt. Ltd. • Mira Textiles & Inds. (India) Ltd. • N C L Marbles & Granites Ltd. • Neelmani Mines & Marbles Ltd. • Pokarna Engineered Stone Ltd. • Polar Marmo Agglomerates Ltd. • Priceless Overseas Ltd. • Rose Marbles Pvt. Ltd. • S V I L Mines Ltd. • Shreeji Industries Ltd. • Shrenik Marbles Ltd. • Sukher Marbles Ltd. • Tamil Nadu Minerals Ltd. • Vineet Udyog Ltd.
Plant capacity: Quartz Slabs (760 x 2440 x 15 mm):60 Nos/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 101 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 350 Lakhs
Return: 26.58%Break even: 51.79%
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Manganese From Electrolytic Process -Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Manganese is a key component in the production of steel. Although classified as a minor metal, the quantity of manganese produced worldwide each year falls behind only iron, aluminium, copper and zinc.Manganese is a very brittle, hard, pinkish-gray metal. It is a reactive metal, chemically active with water, air and most acids. It hardens and strengthens steel when alloyed with it. Manganese metal produced from electrolytic process is called Electrolytic Manganese Metal (EMM). It is expensive. Its relatively high price limits the use of the metal mainly to production of some stainless steel, aluminium and copper alloys. The trend in the aluminium industry has been towards a briquette containing about 75% manganese and 25% aluminium made from manganese and aluminium powder. The introduction of the electrolytic manganese of 99.98% purity completely free from impurities like phosphorous, carbon, etc. has opened up scope for the production of new series of stainless steel. Manganese, a key ingredient for steel making, has been witnessing interesting price action lately. Prices rose briskly from $1,500 per tonne to over $2,000 in 2016, helped by low inventory, tighter supply due to mine closures and some pick-up in Chinese demand. State-owned manganese producer MOIL increased the price of all grades of ore for the April-June 2016 quarter by up to 50 per cent. Manganese is of relevance to India as the country is the fifth largest producer globally.As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Bharat Thermite Ltd. • Corporate Ispat Alloys Ltd. • M M P Industries Ltd. • M O I L Ltd. • Modern India Concast Ltd.
Plant capacity: Manganese Metal: 15,000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 663 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 2553 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Gypsum Plaster Board

Gypsum board, also known as “drywall” or “plaster board,” consists of a core of gypsum surrounded with a paper covering. These gypsum board products include regular gypsum wallboard, moisture-resistant gypsum board, and type-X fire-resistant gypsum board. Natural gypsum is a common mineral that is easily mined or quarried. It is generally found close to the surface of the earth. Synthetic Gypsum is a by-product of cleaning the emissions of the coal burning power plants. When the coal burns, Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) is captured in the coal stacks soit is not released into the environment. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations in a crystalline form known as calcium sulfate dihydrate CaSO4•2H2O. One hundred pounds of gypsum rock contains approximately 21 pounds (or 10 quarts) of chemically combined water. Gypsum Plaster Boards are constructional sheets composed of consigned Gypsum with about 15% fibre. Gypsum plaster boards are selected for use according to their type, size, thickeners and edge profit.We actively encourage a culture of innovation, which facilitates the development of new technologies and ensure a high quality product.
Plant capacity: Gypsum Plaster Board (Size 2440x1220x12 mm):10000 Sq.Mt./dayPlant & machinery: 549 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 3188 lakhs
Return: 21.00%Break even: 57.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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