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Minerals, Marble, Granite, Gypsum, Quartz, Talc, Mica Projects

India is rich in natural resources. Minerals constitute the back-bone of economic growth of any nation and India has been eminently endowed with this gift of nature. There is much evidence that exploitation of minerals like coal, iron-ore, copper, lead-zinc has been going on in the country from time immemorial.  Natural stones like granite and marble are capable of taking a high polish and are therefore used as decorative stones for cladding purpose in the construction industry, as well as for monumental and memorial work. Marble carries a status symbol of luxury and it gives a long-term benefit to one who has purchased it. This is so because it is a very durable stone. The marble tiles can be used for indoor and outdoor decorations of your home. Floors, countertops, fireplaces, porticos of large or small buildings can be made elegant and luxuriant by marble. Large buildings, monuments, mansions, multi-storied buildings make use of this stone for adding that elegant decorative touch.

Since granite is a hard rock, special grinding and polishing heads are used for rapidly grinding and polishing the slabs of granite. For polishing soft stones like marble, it is necessary to have a complete surface to surface contact of the abrasive and marble. The basic principle of polishing any natural stone is to hone the surface of the stone by progressively using finer mesh of abrasives until the natural luster of the stone is obtained. A polished piece of natural stone is capable of reflecting a major portion of the light falling on it. In most modem stone processing plants, bonded abrasives are used for grinding and polishing natural stones. India is largely self sufficient in most of the minerals which include barytes, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, fluorspar, gypsum, iron ore, kyanite, limestone, manganese ore, magnesite, sillimanite, etc. except the minerals like copper, asbestos, lead and zinc, natural phosphates, sulphur and crude petroleum, in which domestic production meets the demand only partially.

India has one of the largest reserves of granite in the world and exported Rs 2,600 crore (Rs 26 billion) worth of the stone last year. Granite exports this fiscal are expected to touch Rs 2,800 crore (Rs 28 billion) and nearly one-fourth of these exports is accounted for by monument stones.

Indian granite exports have declined 33 per cent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. The sector, which relies heavily on American and European demand, was among the first to feel the heat of the sub-prime crisis. Its export revenues fell steeply in 2007-08, even before there were visible signs of a slowdown in Indian housing and industry. What perhaps explains the increase in volumes in 2007-08 is that polished granite, which commands a better price, was substituted by semi-finished blocks. Yet, prices in the latter category remained unattractive, reflecting the severity of the recession. Volumes increased by 10.2 per cent in 2007-08 over the previous year, while revenue earned from exports decreased by 17.6 per cent this year. The decline in export earnings and volumes was more pronounced in 2008-09. The export of polished granites blocks and slabs more than halved in 2008-09 at 2.75 lakh tonnes compared with 5.52 lakh tonnes in 2007, while in 2007-08 it was 4.13 lakh tonnes. Export revenue in this segment declined 51.9 per cent – more than the sector as a whole – to Rs 862.63 crore 2008-09 from Rs 1,791.98 crore in 2006-07. In 2007-08, it was Rs 1,332.56 crore. However, the export of semi-finished blocks to China has not been as badly affected. The export volumes of crude or roughly trimmed granite increased to 25.63 lakh tonnes in 2008 from 21.47 lakh tonnes in 2007. In 2009, it declined to 23.92 lakh tonnes. Exports revenue largely remained flat at Rs 1478.95 crore in 2009, compared with RS 1479.44 crore in 2008. In 2007, it was Rs 1703.37 crore. Granite accounts for 10 per cent of India’s minerals’ output. Over the last three decades the Indian granite industry has modernized to global standards. Sculptures and monuments made in India are being exported all over the world.

About 85-90 per cent of the total granite production in the country is for exports. So after this recession period over the industry will again regain its demand .This is the best time for an entrepreneur to venture into this sector.

Coming to gypsum products in India, gypsum has proved to be a miraculous material aiding interior construction. Gypsum surface plaster is one form that has caught the attention on the sector and is growing in popularity. In recent years, the construction sector has witnessed a number of new trends, technology advancements and innovations across applications, all aimed at making construction faster and delivering higher performance. The industry of cement and gypsum products in India is the second biggest manufacturer of high grade cement in the whole world. The cement and gypsum products industry in India consists of over 300 small cement plants and around 130 large cement plants with the total production capacity of more than 167.36 million tons. The different varieties of cement manufactured in India are Oil Well cement, White cement, Portland Pozzolana cement, and Ordinary Portland cement.

Some of international companies having presence in cement and gypsum products industry in India are: Lafarge, Italcementi, Heidelberg Cements, and Holcim.

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Production of different grades of Lime from Limestone (Technical Grade Lime, Refractory Grade Lime, Agriculture Grade Lime, FCC Grade Lime)

Lime is manufactured from lime stone. Lime is mainly used for manufacture of hydrated lime. Hydrated lime is a dry powder obtained by treating quick lime with water. It consists essentially of calcium hydroxide and some magnesium hydroxide. The project envisages production of lime by calcinations of limestone on vertical oil fired kiln. This lime, chemical grade, having purity exceeding 85% is vastly superior to lime made by country kiln or bhatta. Quick lime of high purity is used in various other chemical industries under the chemical name lime. It is also the starting material for the manufacture of precipitated calcium carbonate on the activated calcium carbonate. In view, of multifarious uses the multi grade lime is diversified industries, its demand is increasing rapidly. To cope up with increasingly demand, more number of units for its manufacture should be established. There is a bright scope for starting new units in this field.
Plant capacity: 600 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 131 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 548 Lakhs
Return: 24.00%Break even: 42.00%
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SPONGE IRON PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Sponge iron is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, usually with some kind of carbon (charcoal, etc), at temperatures below the melting point of iron. This results in a spongy mass, sometimes called a bloom, consisting of a mix of incandescent wrought iron and slag. Sponge iron is not useful in itself, but must be processed to create wrought iron. The sponge is removed from the furnace, called a bloomery, and repeatedly beaten with heavy hammers and folded over to remove the slag, oxidise any carbon or carbide and weld the iron together. This treatment usually creates wrought iron with about three percent slag and a fraction of a percent of other impurities. Further treatment may add controlled amounts of carbon, allowing various kinds of heat treatment (e.g. "steeling"). Today, sponge iron is created by reducing iron ore without melting it. This makes for an energy-efficient feedstock for specialty steel manufacturers which used to rely upon scrap metal. The sponge iron is a substitute for scrap in the electric arc furnace, which can be easily manufactured from indigenously available raw materials at very competitive price. It is the iron ore reduced in solid state by a direct reduction process using natural gas or non cooking coal as reluctant. The sponge iron is also known as Direct Reduced Iron, Hot Briquettes Iron or metalized Iron. With the domestic steel industry picking up during the past year and prices moving up in leaps and bounds, India has emerged as the world's largest producer of sponge iron (or direct reduced iron), accounting for around 16 per cent of the global output. Sponge iron is used to make steel by all Indian steel producers and is a substitute for steel melting scrap. Healthy demand growth in steel sector is also pushing sponge iron demand. Apart from declining availability of steel melting scrap, sponge iron demand has also gone up considerably and is likely to continue. About 45% of the domestic output is through EAF (Electronic Arc Furnace) route. However, going forward this is slated to increase. With steel production is likely to grow at 6%-7%, the demand for sponge iron is likely to grow at more than 10 percent till the year 2007 and then expected to stabilize at 8 percent after that.
Plant capacity: 135000 MT / AnnumPlant & machinery: 7175 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 8923 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 25.00%
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ROCK WOOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Rock wool is mostly silicate compound of calcium and very smaller amount of copper, iron & manganese. It is fundamental form of solid characterized by relatively high tenacity and extremely high ratio of length to diameter. Inorganic material made into matted fibre, especially used for insulation and sound proofing material. It can be used for high temperature insulation of kilns and furnaces, in packing expansion joints etc. There is demand of Rock Wool in our country of about more than 1500 MT per annum according to our market study. It can increase due to high demand of electrical energy. Machinery demand is increasing at the rate of 2% per annum. On that basis we can predict that in future demand of rock wool will increase by 2% per annum from the present demand. It can be predicted that there is fair scope for new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: 1.00%
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PLASTER OF PARIS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Plaster of Paris or simply plaster, is a type of building material based on calcium sulphate hemihydrate. It is created by heating. Gypsum to about 1500C. Plaster is used as a building material similar to mortar or cement. Like those materials plaster starts as a dry powder that is mixed with water to form a paste which liberates heat and then hardens. Plaster is also used for interior decoration. There is growing industrial activity in the field of white ware, such as pottery, sanitary ware, chemical and electrical porcelains, requiring large quantities of plaster of paris for making moulds. The demand for the product is ever increasing. It can be predicted that any entrepreneur may launch this product will be successful.
Plant capacity: 50 MT / DayPlant & machinery: 47 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 3 Crores
Return: 49.00%Break even: 45.00%
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INTEGRATED PRODUCTION UNIT OF GYPSUM POWDER, GYPSUM BOARD AND P.V.C. LAMINATED GYPSUM CEILING TILES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery

Calcium always occurs in the combined state. The most important naturally occurring compounds of calcium are calcium sulphate in mineral anhydrite and hydrated calcium sulphate in gypsum. Gypsum is employed in the manufacture of Plaster of Paris. Calcium sulphate occurs in enormous deposits of gypsum, CaSO4.2H2O. Large quantities of gypsum are employed in the manufacture of flooring plasters gypsum is used for making casts of statues and surgical treatment. For gypsum boards, the raw materials will be plaster of paris, special surface protection paper, glass fibre, frothing preparation and white latex. For the production of PVC laminated gypsum ceiling tiles, the capacity of the plant will be 1 million sq. mt./annum, PVC is one kind of plastics decoration materials. With PVC resin the principal ingredient mixed with moderate anti-age modifier and other materials, PVC is made through refining and calendaring. After coating, the gypsum board becomes light, insulated, warm, water-proof, fine-resistant and convenient to use. Gypsum board PVC coating, rich in specification, color and design, can be widely used in the decoration of interior walls and ceilings.
Plant capacity: 60,000 MT / A (Gypsum Powder), 3000 Thousand Sq. MT/A (Gypsum Board),600 Thousands Sq. MT/A (PVC Laminated Ceiling Tiles) Plant & machinery: 840 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2352 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 57.00%
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GLASS BEADS MANUFACTURING - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

A unified system of classifying glasses used in the production of imitation jewellery has been produced. Glass bead is a handicraft item produced by skilled artisans out of block glass or clourful glass tubes rods. The glass beads made with sample machines and tools are used to make artificial jewellery and is used to decorate garments also. The major raw materials for manufacturing of glass beads are sand (silica), soda ash, lime, additives, colouring agents, labels and laboratory chemicals. There is a growing demand for glass beads in the country. In India glass beads are being manufactured at Pundilpur (Aligarh) and Banaras.
Plant capacity: 1500 MT / AnnumPlant & machinery: 102 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 222 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 56.00%
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BENTONITE PROCESSING & PULVERISING - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Plant Layout

Bentonite comes under the speciality of clay which has large use in the chemical industries, oil refineries, cosmetic industries, etc. Before mining of bentonite, testing of bentonite quality and area available are required to be done. Bentonite is used as fullers earth, emulsifiers for oils, base for plaster, pharmaceutical aids, sealant for canals, walls and in cosmetics. It can also be used as an asphalt modifier and as a filler in ceramics, paper coatings, and refractories. Other applications are found in industries as a bonding agent in foundry sands & palletizing of iron ores and as a thickener in lubricating grease and fire proofing compositions. Bentonite as mineral is available in black and yellowish colour. There is good market demand of bentonite powder. New entrepreneurs can well venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 100 MT/Day Plant & machinery: 4 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: 7 Crores
Return: 36.00%Break even: 47.00%
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DICALCIUM PHOSPHATE (DENTIFRICE GRADE) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Dicalcium phosphate is of great interest to tooth paste manufactures. It is used in toothpaste in its anhydrous variety. Although this product is not included in the accepted dental remedies, it is nevertheless used because of its considerably higher abrasive power compared to dehydrate. The demand of dicalcium phosphate is increasing day by day. To cater the demand of the product, more number of units should be set up for the manufacture of this product.
Plant capacity: 3000 MT/Year Plant & machinery: 11 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 13.6 Crores
Return: 43.00%Break even: 32.00%
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Ilmenite Beneficiation - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Ilmenite is the most common of the titanium minerals and is frequently associated with magnetite. Ilmenite is a iron black minerals black to brownish red streak, submetallic lustic and is having a resenlance, magnetite in appearance but is readily distinguished by feeble magnetic character and it is used widely in US, Canada, Sweden, Russia & India. The demand of the product is increasing day by day and at present there are very few manufacturers of the product in India. Hence, there is good scope for new investment and a new entrepreneur can well venture in this field will find it a lucrative business.
Plant capacity: 30 MT / DayPlant & machinery: 361 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 2074 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 35.00%
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Toughened Glass - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Toughened glass is a type of soda-lime-silica glass which has been mechanically strengthens by a thermal process in which a layer of compression has been introduced at the surface. Its main usage is in automotive, architectural, photo etc. Toughened glass cannot be supplementary worked by cutting, drilling etc., as this would result in the sudden shattering of the product. The main raw material for the making of toughened glass is flat glass sheets. Due to its vast consumption in automobile sector, the end of 2009, the estimated demand of that glass in India (assuming an increase of 10 percent annum) will be 170 million square metres per annum whereas supply will touch at least – 220 million square meters / yr of hot glass it will become necessary to generate additional domestic demand.
Plant capacity: 30 MT / DayPlant & machinery: 140 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1334 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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