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Best Business Opportunities in Gujarat - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship

Gas & Petroleum: Project Opportunities in Gujarat



The Oil Industry is a very important industry in the world and a lot depends on the price of the oil and it has been observed that whenever the oil prices increase the price of various products also increases. Oil and gas sector is one of the key catalysts in fuelling the growth of Indian economy. With a 1.2 billion population and an economy that has consistently at approximately 8 per cent annually, India's energy needs are increasing fast, warranting a robust demand for oil and natural gas in the country. India has emerged as the 5th largest refining country in the world, accounting for 4 per cent of the world's refining capacity. India exported 50 million tonnes (MT) of refined petroleum products during 2010-11. With our refining capacity increasing further, this figure is likely to touch about 70 MT by 2014, making India one of the world major exporters of petroleum products.


Gujarat State is rich in the hydrocarbon resources and is the largest on land producer of oil and gas in country. Gujarat contributes about 18% of country’s total crude oil production. Similarly it contributes about 11% of country’s total gas production. If we compare on land crude production then it is almost 50% of crude and 40% of natural gas from the Gujarat State. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd (GSPC) is an oil and gas exploration company in Gujarat, India. It is India's only State Government-owned oil and Gas Company with the Government of Gujarat holding approximately 95% equity stake. GSPC was incorporated in 1979 as a petrochemical company. Today GSPC has become a vertically integrated energy company, excelling in a wide gamut of hydrocarbon activities across India. The largest gas grid will generate opportunities for transmission and distribution of natural gas to domestic and industrial users. Three LNG terminals coming up in the state will provide the fuel for growth. Refineries and petrochemical complexes in operation, invites investment in downstream projects.



The oil ministry has empowered state-run exploration firms ONGC and Oil India to choose customers for gas produced from small fields where output is less than 0.1 million standard cubic meters per day, which would reduce bureaucratic delays and help companies generate revenue expeditiously. Oil India Limited (OIL), a Government of India Enterprise, under the administrative set-up of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. The growing demand for crude oil and gas in the country and policy initiative of Government of India towards increased E&P  activity, have given a great impetus to the Indian E&P industry raising hopes of increased exploration. The government in order to increase exploration activity approved the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in March 1997 which would level the playing field in the upstream sector between private and public sector companies in all fiscal, financial and contractual matters. There will be no mandatory state participation through ONGC/OIL nor there did any carry interest of the government.   In order to increase the exploration and thereby enhance the production of oil and gas in the country the Government of India liberalized the hydrocarbon sector. With the announcement of the liberalization policy in the hydrocarbon sector by Govt. of India for the oil and gas. Pursuant to the signing of PSC many private Exploration and producing Companies started the petroleum operations in the State and thereby the activities in the hydrocarbon sector have increased. In order to cope up with the increasing activities Government of Gujarat created the Office of Directorate of Petroleum to monitor various activities of exploration and exploitation of oil and gas, their production and royalty paid thereon by various organizations in the State of Gujarat. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd (GSPC) is an oil and gas exploration company in Gujarat, India. It is India's only State Government-owned Oil and Gas Company with the Government of Gujarat holding approximately 95% equity stake. Today GSPC has become a vertically integrated energy company, excelling in a wide gamut of hydrocarbon activities across India.






MINING & MINERALS:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




Minerals are valuable natural resources being finite and non-renewable. They constitute the vital raw materials for many basic industries and are a major resource for development. Management of mineral resources has, therefore, to be closely integrated with the overall strategy of development; and exploitation of minerals is to be guided by long-term national goals and perspectives. Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc. and for administration of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal, natural gas and petroleum.


Gujarat is the ideal state for the investment in mineral based industries looking to the state mineral resources and infrastructural facilities. There is ample opportunity to establish mineral oriented industries like Limestone based cement and soda ash industry, Lignite based power plants, Bauxite-based Alumina plant, Marble & Granite based cutting, polishing plants, Clay based ceramic units, Silica sand based glass units. GNMRL is well placed to take benefit of imminent boom staring at the energy spectrum. GNMRL is unique in itself which focus in coal mining, met coke productions as well as Oil and Gas exploration, the three prime resources which are in great demand. Total area of the State of Gujarat is 1,96,024 sq.kms. Out of which 1,27,000 sq. kms is rocky, which is mineral probable area. About 57,970 sq. kms of these rocky areas have been covered under the Remote Sensing Survey / Pre-detailed Mineral Survey, and about 23,596 sq. kms, under the Detailed Mineral Survey. Till now total 3,63,534 meters of drilling has been completed for various minerals at different places in the state. Out of this, 3,13,613 meters of drilling was conducted by the department, and the remaining 49,921 meters of drilling, by expeditious drilling programme by hiring men & machines. Remaining uncovered area of 69,030 sq. kms will be covered in the next five years by remote sensing / pre-detailed mineral surveys. Total 12,030 sq. kms will be explored by the department, and 57,000 sq. kms, through outsourcing/ private participation.




The Government of Gujarat has envisaged specific policy initiatives for industrial minerals occurring in the state to attract investment in the fields mineral exploration, exploitation, and mineral-based industries. It is intended to create competitive environment to speed up industrial development in mineral potential area by enhancement of Human Resource capabilities, improvement in infrastructure & adopting modern technology. The approach is to make progress by increasing mineral production and export of value added material through local and global competitiveness. Efforts to develop with special attention to minerals which are only available in the Gujarat as compared to other states in the country and mineral occurring in few states & having high quality. Local employment is created through mineral exploitation while maintaining mine safety & striking ecological equilibrium is also an additional addendum of this policy. To regulate the minor minerals, State Government has framed Gujarat Minor Mineral Rules-1966 under the Section-15 of Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act- 1957 and Central Government has framed Granite Conservation and Development Rules-1999 and Marble Development and Conservation Rules-2000. In addition, mines are being regulated under other Acts and Rules of Central Government such as Mines Act-1952, Mines Rules-1955, Mineral Conservation and Development Rules-1988. In the major minerals (including Oil & Natural Gas), Gujarat is placed at 3 position as on March-2002 in Mineral Production value. Gujarat ranks second in working mining leases. Only Gujarat produces minerals like Agate, Chalk and Perlite in the country. Production wise Gujarat ranks first in Fluorite and Silica sand, second in Bauxite, Lignite, Fire clay and Clay (others) and third in Quartz and Ball clay and fourth in Limestone and China clay.




Agro and Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Gujarat




Agro Industry means a unit which adds value to agricultural products/intermediates/residues; both food and non-food; by processing into products which are marketable or usable or edible, or by improving storability, or by providing the link from farm to the market or a part thereof. The term “agro-food processing industries” covers a wide range of activities utilizing farm, animal and forestry based products as raw materials. Agriculture sector contributes one-fourth of the country’s GDP. India is the largest producer of milk, fruits, pulses, cashew nuts, coconuts and tea in world and accounts for 10 % of the world fruit production. India’s food grain production is expected to rise to 208.5 million tons by March 2006, from 204.6 million tons in 2005. Horticulture sector contributes 30 % of the agriculture GDP and accounts for 8.5 % of cultivated area. In the Global food processing industry Asia-pacific is accounting for 31.10 % of global market. India is the World’s second largest producer of food, next to China and has potential to be number one.



Gujarat is endowed with abundant natural resources in terms of varied soil, climatic conditions and diversified cropping pattern suitable for agricultural activities. Gujarat is a leading producer of various agricultural crops within India as well as worldwide. Gujarat has highest production in the world for Castor (67%), Fennel (67%), Cumin (36%), Isabgol (35%), groundnut (8%), and Guar seed (6%). The state has also emerged as a frontrunner in several other sectors such as Dairy, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, Traditional Horticulture and Floriculture. Gujarat is keen to promote the agro-processing industry, which currently consists of small and medium enterprises producing a wide variety of products. It has about 16,400 small enterprises in food processing, beverage and tobacco processing. The agro-processing sector accounts for a significant proportion of the working population in the State. Moreover, the State is well known for its success in dairy cooperatives. Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation enjoys a significant market share in the processed foods sector.


The Gujarat Agro Vision 2010 has been formulated with defined growth parameters of gross state domestic product, per capita income and increase in non farm income of rural population due to multiplier effect. A holistic approach has been envisaged with emphasis on agricultural research, conservation of soil and water, economic and social sustainability. A comprehensive Agro Industrial Policy 2000 has been formulated. Tiny, small, medium and large agro industrial units shall be given 6% back ended subsidy for 5 years on the interest on term loan, subject to a ceiling of Rs. 100 lacs. Gujarat government has announced a new Agri Business Policy during the summit 2009. Gujarat government has offered various incentives to attract the investment in agriculture and allied sectors. Some of the incentives include declaration of food processing industry as seasonal industry, cost subsidy to large projects in food processing sector and sops and incentives to enhance competitiveness of small and medium enterprises, etc.


SALT INDUSTRY:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




India is the third largest Salt producing Country in the World after China and USA with Global annual production being about 230 million tonnes.  The growth and achievement of Salt Industry over the last 60 years has been spectacular.  When India attained Independence in 1947, salt was being imported from the United Kingdom & Adens to meet its domestic requirement.  But today it has not only achieved self-sufficiency in production of salt to meet its domestic requirement but also in a position of exporting surplus salt to foreign countries.  The production of salt during 1947 was 1.9 million tonnes which has increased tenfold to record 20 million tonnes during 2005. The main sources of salt in India are sea brine, lake brine, sub-soil brine and rock salt deposits. Sea water is an inexhaustible source of salt.  Salt production along the coast is limited by weather and soil conditions.


Gujarat is blessed with the longest coastline of 1600 km. in India, offering important resources such as salt and marine products for industry. Gujarat is the largest producers of salt in India and ranking 2nd highest export in the world. Gujarat contributes 76 percent to the total production, followed by Tamil Nadu (12 %) and Rajasthan (8%). It also became the highest tax charging state for salt production amongst the six other salt producing states. Apart from using salt for edible purposes, it is substantially used for production of inorganic chemicals.





Salt is a Central subject in the Constitution of India and appears as item No.58 of the Union List of the 7th Schedule, which reads:

a)   Manufacture, Supply and Distribution of Salt by Union Agencies; and

b)   Regulation and control of manufacture, supply and distribution of salt by other agencies.

Central Government is responsible for controlling all aspects of the Salt Industry. Salt Commissioner’s Organisation plays a facilitating role in overall growth and development of Salt Industry in the country. The thrust of the Salt Commissioner’s Organisation currently is on Technological Development and Quality Improvement, Salt Iodisation Program for combating Iodine Deficiency Disorders, Infrastructure Development promoting Salt Industry, Labour Welfare Schemes for Salt Workers particularly housing under Namak Mazdoor Awas Yojna and export of Salt.



GEMS AND JEWELLERY:Project Opportunities in Gujarat


Gems and jewellery industry in India occupies a significant position in the Indian economy. It is also one of the fastest growing Industries in the country. The cutting and polishing of Diamonds and precious stones is one of the oldest traditions in India and the country has earned considerable goodwill, both, in the domestic and international markets for its skills and creativity. India was also the first country to have introduced diamonds to the world. The country was the first to mine diamonds, cut and polish them and also trade them. It accounted for 16.7 per cent of India's total Merchandise Exports. At present India exports 95% of the world’s diamonds.



Gujarat is the leading state in India in gems and jewellery sector, as it contributes to about 72% of the total exports of India. Gujarat has a well established diamond industry. Diamond processing and trading unit are spread across the State in cities such as Surat, Ahmedabad, Palanpur, Bhavnagar, Valsad and Navsari. Gujarat accounts for about 80% of diamonds processed and 95% of diamonds export from India. Surat has 65% share in India's diamond trade. Highly skilled workforce Gujarat’s comparatively cheaper and skilledworkforce can be effectively utilized to setup large low cost production bases for domestic and export markets. Gujarat’s Gems & Jewellery sector is expected to grow at a rate of 15%.



The government's interest in the sector is evident from the FDI policy which allows 100% FDI and 74% in exploration and mining of diamonds and precious stones and 100% for gold and silver and minerals exploration, mining, metallurgy and processing. Gems and Jewellery, diamonds and precious metals have been given a special thrust by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, under the Foreign Trade Policy through the following measures:

·         Allowing 100 per cent FDI in the gems and jewellery sector under the automatic route;

·         Abolishing duty on polished diamonds;

·         Lowering import duty on platinum and exempting rough, coloured, precious gems stones from customs duty.  Rough, semi –precious stones are also exempted from import duty;

·         Setting up of Gems and Jewellery Parks and SEZs to stimulate sectoral investments;

·         Allowing import of gold of 8 k and above under replenishment scheme, subject to the condition that import being accompanied by an Assay Certificate specifying purity, weight and alloy content;

·         Permitting import of Diamondson consignment basis for Certification /Grading, and re-export by the authorized offices/agencies of Gemological Institute of America (GIA) in India or other approved agencies.


CHEMICALS AND PETROCHEMICALS: Project Opportunities in Gujarat




The Chemical and Petrochemical Industry occupies an important place in the country's economy, as the Chemical industry has grown at a pace outperforming the overall growth of the industry. Chemical industry is an important constituent of the Indian economy. Its size is estimated at around US$ 35 billion approx., which is equivalent to about 3% of India's GDP. The total investment in Indian Chemical Sector is approx. US$ 60 billion and total employment generated is about 1 million. Today, petrochemical products permeate the entire spectrum of daily useitems and cover almost every sphere of life like clothing, housing, construction, furniture, automobiles, household items, agriculture, horticulture, irrigation, packaging, medical appliances, electronics and electrical etc. Chemicals and Petrochemicals contribute to more than 62 % of national petrochemicals and 51% of national Chemical sector output. It leads all states in India in terms of the investments committed in the chemical and petrochemical sector, 30% of fixed capital investment is in the manufacturing of Chemical and Chemical Products. Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical products contribute to around one fifth of the total employment in state. The production capacity of major suppliers of polymers, PE/PP/PVC in Gujarat is nearly 70% of the whole country’s production. Large quantity of production of basic chemicals caustic soda, caustic potash and chloromethane, largest supplier of bio fertilizers, seeds, Urea and other fertilizers



Gujarat's chemicals and petrochemicals industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the State's economy. The industry offers a wide spectrum of opportunities for the investors both from India and abroad. The well diversified chemical industry has complete portfolio of chemical products including petrochemicals and downstream products, pharmaceuticals, dyes and intermediates. The Chemical Industry in Gujarat comprises of about 500 large and medium scale industrial units, about 16,000 of small scale industrial units and other factory sector units. Gujarat emerged as leading Indian states in terms of the investments committed in the chemical and petrochemical sector. It contributes to more than 62% of national petrochemical and 51% of national chemical sector output. Around 6,000 chemical and petrochemicals products are produced in the state. Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical products contributes to around one fifth of the total employment in state. The chemical industry in Gujarat is a significant component of the State's economy, contributing to more than 51% of Indian production of major chemicals with revenues at approximately more than INR 12,000 crore. Petrochemical Industry in Gujarat produces 13,048 ('000 Tonnes) of petrochemical products and also contributes around 62% to the total production of the country. Gujarat contributes 15% of the total national chemical exports.



In Chemical sector, 100% FDI is permissible, manufacture of most chemical products inter-alia covering organic/inorganic, dyestuffs and pesticides is de licensed. The entrepreneurs need to submit only IEM with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion provided no locational angle is applicable. Only the following items are covered in the compulsory licensing list because of their hazardous nature: Hydrocyanic acid and its derivatives, Phosgene and its derivatives,Isocynates and di-isocynates of hydrocarbons.


TEXTILES:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. Though was predominantly unorganized industry even a few years back, but the scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry, which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world.


Gujarat is one of the leading industrial states in India and textile industry in particular had contributed in a big way to the industrialisation of the State. In fact, development of many industries likes, Dyestuff, Chemicals, Engineering/Foundry and Cotton farming is solely dependent on this sector. The State is well known for development of Hybrid Cotton, Ginning, power looms, composite mills, spinning units and independent processing Houses. Gujarat being the largest producer of cotton, has obtained tremendous opportunities towards higher and higher value addition product by setting up Modern Process Houses (with the technology of low polluting and less energy costs) in one hand and Knitwear/Ready-made Garments in a big way on the other to fulfil the domestic and international market. Investment opportunities may be, therefore, explored for Cotton Ring Spinning (25,000 spindles), Open End Spinning (1000 rotors), Modern Process House, Shuttleless Weaving (50 looms), Ready-made garments unit and Non-woven and Technical Textile unit with appropriate technology. Bandhani or Bandhej of Gujarat is one of the best tie and dye fabrics in India. Dhamadka and Ajrakh, Mashru are some of the other fabrics of Gujarat. Dhamadka is the art of printing fabrics with wooden blocks. Mashru is a mixed fabric, woven with a combination of cotton and silk. It was originally used by Muslim men, as they were prohibited from wearing pure silk.



The Gujarat government is planning to come up with a policy to boost the textile and apparel industry in the state and help it remain competitive in the post-quota regime of the World Trade Organisation. Gujarat’s textile policy provides incentives that are more favourable for large textile units. It provides 25% capital subsidy on purchase of machineries. Custom duty on textile machinery is only 5%. Also, various human resource development activities for the textile industry have been initiated by state government. Subsidy at 50% of R&D expenditure is provided to industries carrying out research. Interest subsidy at 3% is provided for capital equipment for five years. Assistance is also provided for infrastructural development, market promotion and environment protection. Gujarat is also the largest producer and exporter of cotton, the production of which has been increasing over time. So raw material is plentiful. It is the largest producer of denim. Surat is a strong base for synthetic fibers and provides a big market.


Waste management: Project Opportunities in Gujarat



Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.



Gujarat is an ideal location for an effective functioning of the projects, which depend on reasonable volume of generated wastes, waste characteristics, public acceptance and potential network of the industry for the zero discharge of the waste. Gujarat is characterized by wide spread industrial establishments, robust infrastructure development and stable socio-political environment. The industrial development has remained and is the robust backbone of Gujarat’s economical and industrial prospects and a driving force of a future economic growth. In a meantime, the rapid industrial development throughout the state has lead resulted in generating abundant industrial wastes which need proper care in pollution mitigation and recycling in and around urban centres of Ahmedabad, Bharuch, Surat etc. 


National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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HIGH PURE DISSOLVED ACETYLENE GAS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Acetylene (C2H2) is known as one of the simplest and most significant chemical in the acetylene series. A compound of carbon and hydrogen, acetylene is a colorless, highly flammable gas that dissociates at normal to low pressures and needs to be stored in high-pressure tanks containing some porous material and acetone. It has active chemical property; it is easy to polymerize, synthesize and cause chemical reactions. Acetylene is the most common gas used for fueling cutting torches in both general industry and the mining industry. When mixed with pure oxygen in a cutting torch assembly, an acetylene flame can theoretically reach over 5700°F. Users of this type of equipment are generally familiar with the fire hazards associated hot flames and the production of hot slag. However, many users may not be aware of the unique characteristics of acetylene itself that create special hazards compared to other fuel gases. An acetylene molecule is composed of two carbon atoms and two hydrogen atoms. The two carbon atoms are held together by what is known as a triple carbon bond. This bond is useful in that it stores substantial energy that can be released as heat during combustion. However, the triple carbon bond is unstable, making acetylene gas very sensitive to conditions such as excess pressure, excess temperature, static electricity, or mechanical shock. Uses Acetylene has many commercial and technical applications. The most known application for acetylene is for oxyacetylene welding, cutting and heat treating. The majority of acetylene is use in the chemical synthesis process for the manufacturing of many organic compounds such as acetaldehyde and acetic acid. So any new entrants can venture in to this industry. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Asiatic Gases Ltd. • Bombay Oxygen Acetylene Ltd. • Bombay Oxygen Gases Ltd. • Ellenbarrie Industrial Gases Ltd. • Mangalam Gases Ltd. • National Oxygen Ltd. • Premier Cryogenics Ltd. • Southern Gas Ltd. • Superior Air Products Ltd. • Vikas Industrial Gases Ltd.
Plant capacity: 360 M3/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 68 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 260 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Pickles (Various Types) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Pickle is a general term used for fruits or vegetables preserved in vinegar or brine, usually with spices or sugar or both. Pickle producing businesses are engaged in producing pickle in different varieties. Natural fruit and vegetable items are used as raw material for producing various types of pickles i.e. mango, beet, cabbage, cauliflower etc. Pickles are considered the permanent part of the food table all over the Sub-Continent and its demand is rising after its production on commercial scale. Sub-continental spices, preserved foods and traditional methods of cooking and food making have always been attractive to the world. Pickling is one of the oldest methods of food preservation. Indian pickles play an important role in fruit and vegetable preservation industry. Pickles are a very familiar term known to every locality especially in India. These are being used in India & other countries as food adjuncts and known to impart flavor & taste to the food. They increase the appetite by stimulating gastric secretion and to a certain extent supplement the food with additional minerals and vitamins. Green/slightly under ripe fruits and vegetables are most suitable for making pickles. The food value of cucumber pickles exceeds that of eggs, rice, fresh onions and fresh tomatoes. Uses Mainly, these top products are used as eatables & food. Particularly all these products of sauces pickles, squashes, Morabbas etc. are used in dining table. It has very good taste to have such drinks during unfilling. It is used for being appetizing. These are used in different hotels and restaurants, in the academic institutions and messes. In the military canteens and the officers mess people used to have them in larger quantities. Main key factor in Pickle production include purchase of raw material at a time when it is available in economical price. Therefore, seasons when vegetables and fruits i.e. mango, carrot, Garlic and Cucumber etc. are easily available at low price would be critical. In India, the pickles are being manufactured by a number of units. The manufacturing process is simple and the top product is having great demand. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Cost Estimation Capacity : • Mango Pickle : 851.0 Kgs./Day • Cabbage Pickle : 1,075.0 Kgs./Day • Onion Pickle : 1,163.0 Kgs./Day • Apple Pickle : 990.0 Kgs./Day • Walnut Pickle : 1,825.0 Kgs./Day • Turnip Pickle: 887.0 Kgs. /Day • Jack Fruit Pickle: 688.0 Kgs./Day • Cauliflower Pickle: 608.0 Kgs./Day • Lime Pickle (Sour): 604.0 Kgs./Day • Lime Pickle (Sweet): 729.0 Kgs./Day • Chilli Pickle: 747.0 Kgs./ Day • Mushroom Pickle: 1,130.0 Kgs./Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs 65 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 527 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Garlic Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Garlic is one of the important bulb crops grown and used as spice and condiment throughout India. It possesses a high nutritive value and medicinal property. Allicin, the principle of garlic has antibiotic properties. The plant is a small herb and produces a group of small bulbs called cloves covered with a thin skin. The seed stalks bears both seeds and bulblets in the same head. However, seed is seldom used for propagation as the cloves are more commonly used. Oil is one of the three major classes of food substances; the others are protein and carbohydrates. Garlic oils are naturally occurring esters of glycerol and fatty acids that have commercial uses, some oils are called trimester examples are triglycerides or simple glycerides. The physical and chemical properties of garlic oilsare determined to a large extent by the type of fatty acids in the glycerides. In all commercially important glycerides, the fatty acids are straight chain and nearly all contain even number of carbon atoms. Garlic is taken orally to reduce high blood pressure, prevent heart disease and artherosclerosis, treat earaches, stimulate both the immune and circulatory systems and prevent cancer. Other applications include treating diabetes, arthritis, colds and flu, fighting stress and fatigue and maintaining healthy liver function. Garlic also contains protein and the B vitamins thiamin and riboflavin, and trace minerals such as zinc, tin, calcium, potassium, aluminium, germanium, selenium and of course, sulfur. The increasing importance of natural extracts as pharmaceutical & natural cosmetic aid and their use as nutraceutical ingredients in recent times has opened up new vistas for this sector besides their widespread use as flavour & fragrance ingredients. India will play a dominant role in the production & processing of these natural extracts. Country's biodiversity coupled with competent scientific force, make our country as the best choice to become a foremost leader in aroma business in the coming years. Thus it is a good project for investment. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Absolute Aromatics Ltd. • Floral Aroma Ltd. • Industrial Perfumes Ltd. • Jindal Drugs Ltd. • Kancor Ingredients Ltd. • North Eastern Regional Agri. Mktg. Corp. Ltd. • Novo Agritech Ltd. • Pond'S (India) Ltd. • Sharp Global Ltd. • South East Agro Inds. Ltd. • Surya Vinayak Inds. Ltd. • Synthite Industries Ltd. • Tamilnadu Tea Plantation Corpn. Ltd. • Ultra International Ltd. • Vaishali (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: Garlic Oil :25.0 Kgs/ Day •Garlic Powder as bye Product: 5 MT /DayPlant & machinery: Rs 53 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 311 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Bitumen Emulsion - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Bitumen is defined as “A viscous liquid, or a solid, consisting essentially of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, which is soluble in trichloro-ethyelene and is substantially nonvolatile and softens gradually when heated. It is black or brown in colour & posseses waterproofing and adhesive properties. It is obtained by refinery processes from petroleum, and is also found as a natural deposit or as a component of naturally occurring asphalt, in which it is associated with mineral matte. Bitumen emulsion is one kind of speciality chemicals, which has large commercial uses as coating materials in the road construction and many other construction fields. It is also used as sealing material for the different type of laminated paper. Bitumen is available in the nature also and it is the byproduct of petroleum distillation plant or coal carbonization plant. Uses Most bituminous binders are used in the construction of roads. These are viscous semisolids at normal temperature. Therefore these require to be brought to a fluid state by heating, by dilution with solvent or by emulsifying before being applied in thin film. Use of emulsions facilities not only flows at atmospheric temperature but also application to damp road surfaces and wet aggregates. Bitumen emulsions are dispersions of very fine bitumen particles in an aqueous medium. They are easy to handle and find a wide application in road construction and maintenance; soil stabilization; grouting; tack coating; surface dressing;crack filling; seal coating; premixing; dust laying and in various other special circumstances where cold application of bitumen is desirable. The bitumen market was valued at USD 71.44 billion in 2013 and is likely to reach USD 93.38 billion by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 3.9% during the forecast period from 2014 to 2020. In terms of volume, the global demand for bitumen stood at 108,348.9 kilo tons in 2013. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Art Infra Solutions Pvt. Ltd. • B G H Exim Pvt. Ltd. • Bitchem Asphalt Technologies Ltd. • Hemi Petro Products Ltd. • Hindustan Colas Ltd. • Indian Oil Corpn. Ltd. • Kochi Refineries Ltd. • Modern Road Makers Pvt. Ltd. • Ojas Technochem Products Ltd. • Stanpacks (India) Ltd. • Tinna Rubber & Infrastructure Ltd.
Plant capacity: 50 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 143 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 372 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Condoms - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Control of fertility continues to be an important issue through the world even though the population growth rate has shown a steady decline in many countries, partly owing to the extensive use of condoms (male) or with use of oral contraceptives (female). Rubber condoms (male) are used by the majority of man today for enjoying the sexual intercourse. The function of the condoms it’s to collect the sperm created by the man during sexual intercourse. This condom prevents the sperm in penetrating into the female reproductory organ. The condoms or contraceptives (male) are usually made from natural rubber (latex). The rubber is used because of the unique physical properties which are Elasticity; Flexibility; Impermeable. The use of condoms or contraceptives results in steady decline in population of growth. In rural areas where peoples are illiterate & uneducated about sexual education did not utilized condoms or contraceptive. So the Government of India made a special programme to educate them about sexual education. The Government also made a special family planning programme for the rural areas. They generally advice the population or people of the rural areas to use condoms or other related things to check the greatly increasing population. In rural & urban areas the government sold condoms or contraceptive free of cost from and government dispensary & hospital. At present the country's total demand of condom is being fulfilled by total three manufacturing units. Hindustan Latex Ltd. of Kerala is Central public sector undertaking was set up in 1969 to manufacture Condoms. It is the largest manufacturer of Condoms in the country today and produces thinnest variety of Condoms in the world. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Cupid Ltd. • Famy Care Ltd. • H L L Lifecare Ltd. • J K Ansell Ltd. • London Rubber India Ltd. • Medtech Products Ltd. • Pashupati Seohung Ltd. • T T K Biomed Ltd. • T T K Healthcare Ltd. • T T K Protective Devices Ltd.
Plant capacity: 116,666.7 Pcs /DayPlant & machinery: Rs 139 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 400 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Sweet & Scented Supari in Pouches - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Plant Layout

The betel nut (Supari) tree, which is known as "ARECA" in South India. It is planted in Bengal, Mysore, Sri Lanka etc. Its yield considered being very good in Sri Lanka. The betel (Piper betle) is the leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family, which includes pepper and kava. It is valued both as a mild stimulant and for its medicinal properties. Betel leaf is mostly consumed in Asia and elsewhere in the world by some Asian emigrants, as betel quid or in paan, with or without tobacco with adverse health effects. Betel is notable for staining the teeth of regular users. It is found in various places and its yield is different due to changed climate. Betel nut chewing has been practiced by natives in various countries since times. So keeping in mind its demand manufacturer utilising supari as a raw material for making various chewing material as Supari, Pan chapp gutaka, Pan Masala, Mayur brand sweet supari, scented supari etc. People chew it for stress reduction, feelings of well-being, and heightened awareness. It contains three major alkaloids: arecoline, pilocarpine, and muscarine. ? USES 1. It is used to refresh the mouth. 2. It freshens up mouth and breathes with its flavour. 3. It is chewed by all age group people. 4. It is served to guests after lunch and dinner to keep mouth fresh. 5. It helps in digestion of food after meals 6. It is served in marriages, parties or any other special occasions. 7. It is a direct substitute of pan, pan masala etc. 8. Widely used in religious and social functions. Cost Estimation Capacity • Sweet & Scented Supari (2 gms Size Pouches) : 83,333.3 Pouches /Day • Sweet & Scented Supari (5 gms Size Pouches): 33,333.3 Pouches / Day • Sweet & Scented Supari (10 gms Size Pouches): 16,666.7 Pouches / Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs 9 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 192 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Paraffin Wax - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft solid derivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37°C (99°F); its boiling point is >370 °C (698 °F). Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles. It is distinct from kerosene, another petroleum product that is sometimes called paraffin. Paraffin wax from a solvent dewaxing operation is commonly known as slack wax, and the processes used for the production of waxes are aimed at de-oiling the slack wax (petroleum wax concentrate). Wax sweating was originally used to separate wax fractions with various melting points from the wax obtained from shale oils. Wax sweating is still used to some extent but is being replaced by the more convenient crystallization process. Chemically, paraffin wax is a mixture of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons (with the general formula CnH2n+2).Wax is the residue extracted when lubricant oils are dewaxed and it has a crystalline structure with a carbon number greater than 12.The main characteristics of wax are (1) absence of color, (2) absence of odor, (3) translucence, and (4) a melting point above 45°C (113°F). Uses • Candle-making • Coatings for waxed paper or cloth • Food-grade paraffin wax: • Shiny coating used in candy-making; although edible, it is nondigestible, passing right through the body without being broken down • Coating for many kinds of hard cheese, like Edam cheese • Sealant for jars, cans, and bottles • Chewing gum additive • Anti-caking agent, moisture repellent, and dust binding coatings for fertilizers • Used in Forensic investigations Wax consumption has been projected to grow at an average annual rate of greater than 2 percent from 2010 to 2020. Waxes are used in a variety of products, including packaging, coatings, personal care products and of course, candles. Waxes can also be further processed into synthetic lubricants. Overall wax demands are largest for board sizing and candles . Combined these two products account for about 44 percent of the demand. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Chennai Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. • Mahalaxmi Dyes & Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: Paraffin Wax:10 MT/Day •Micro Crystalline Wax (Bye Product):0.03 MT/Day •Foot Oil (Bye Product):2.51MT/Day Plant & machinery: Rs 270 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 922 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Contact Adhesive - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

An adhesive is any substance applied to the surfaces of materials that binds them together and resists separation. The term "adhesive" may be used interchangeably with glue, cement, mucilage, or paste. Adjectives may be used in conjunction with the word “adhesive” to describe properties based on the substance's physical or chemical form, the type of materials joined, or conditions under which it is applied. The use of adhesives offers many advantages over binding techniques such as sewing, mechanical fastening, thermal bonding, etc. These include the ability to bind different materials together, to distribute stress more efficiently across the joint, the cost effectiveness of an easily mechanized process, an improvement in aesthetic design, and increased design flexibility. Adhesives may be found naturally or produced synthetically. The earliest human use of adhesive-like substances was approximately 200,000 years ago. There is hardly any product in our surroundings that does not contain at least one adhesive – be it the label on a beverage bottle, protective coatings on automobiles or profiles on window frames. Applicators of different adhesives are designed according to the adhesive being used and the size of the area to which the adhesive will be applied. The adhesive is applied to either one or both of the materials being bonded. The pieces are aligned and pressure is added to aid in adhesion and rid the bond of air bubbles. Polychloroprene contact adhesives are used for bonding high-pressure laminates, automotive trim, roofing-membrane attachment, furniture, kitchen cabinets, custom display cabinets, interior and exterior panels, wall partitions, shoe soles, and many other applications where quick, high-strength, permanent bonds are needed. Thus, as an entrepreneur, contact adhesive production offers an exciting opportunity to you.
Plant capacity: Contact Adhesive: 160 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 32 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 220 Lakhs
Return: 10.00%Break even: 64.00%
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Mattress & Quilt - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

A mattress is a large pad for supporting the reclining body, used as or on a bed. Mattresses may consist of a quilted or similarly fastened case, usually of heavy cloth, that contains hair, straw, cotton, foam rubber, etc.; a framework of metal springs; or they may be inflatable. Mattresses are usually placed on top of a bed base which may be solid, as in the case of a platform bed, or elastic, e.g. with an upholstered wood and wire box spring or a slatted foundation. Flexible bed bases can prolong the life of the mattress. Popular in Europe, a divan incorporates both mattress and foundation in a single upholstered, footed unit. Divans have at least one innerspring layer as well as cushioning materials. They may be supplied with a secondary mattress and/or a removable "topper." A quilt is a type of blanket, traditionally composed of three layers of fiber: a woven cloth top, a layer of batting or wadding, and a woven back, combined using the technique of quilting. A quilt is distinguishable from other types of blanket because it is pieced together with several pieces of cloth. “Quilting” refers to the technique of joining at least two fabric layers by stitches or ties. In most cases, two fabric layers surround a middle layer of batting (cotton, polyester, silk, wool or combinations of fibers) which is a lighter, insulating layer. Batting is often referred to as “wadding” in Britain. Some modern quilts are made with an upper fabric layer, quilted to a layer of microfleece, perhaps without a fabric backing. The most decorative fabric surface is called the “top”, and is the design focus. A single piece of fabric (a “whole cloth quilt”) may be used as the top, or the top may be “pieced” from smaller fabric pieces. Sewing together smaller pieces of fabric into a larger patchwork "block" of fabric creates the basic unit. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Dunlop Comforts Pvt. Ltd. • Gandhigram Rubbers Ltd. • India Tyre & Rubber Co. (India) Ltd. • Kontak Comforts Pvt. Ltd. • M B I Intercorp Ltd. • M M Rubber Co. Ltd. • Oriental Veneer Products Ltd. • Southern Latex Ltd.
Plant capacity: Mattress 200 Nos/Day, Quilt:1000 Nos/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 63 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 364 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Cold Storage - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project

India is the largest producer of fruits and second largest producer of vegetables in the world. Fruits & vegetables, being perishable in nature require certain techniques of preservation for retaining the freshness intact and making them an acceptable item even after few days of ripening. It also facilitates the farmer to realize a better price instead of selling the product at a throw away price due to the perishability. This necessity as evolved a new concept of storing these items at below or just above sub-zero temperatures known as cold storage. Introduction of Cold storage / Cold room facility will help them in removing the risk of distress sale and simultaneously will ensure better returns. The annual production of fruits and vegetables in the country accounts for 18 to 20% of our agriculture output. Varied agro climatic conditions and better availability of scientific package of practices, there is a vast scope for increasing the production. Cold Storage is a special kind of room, the temperature of which is kept very low with the help of machines and precision instruments. India is having a unique geographical position and a wide range of soil, thus producing variety of fruits and vegetables like apples, grapes, oranges, potatoes, chillies, ginger, etc. Marine products are also being produced in large quantities due to large coastal areas. As per 2008-09 figures, India produces around 215 Million Tons of Fruits and Vegetables, 3 Billion Tons of Marine Products, 109 Million Tons of Milk, 56 Billion Eggs and 38 Million Tons of Meat per annum. Commercially apples, potatoes, oranges, etc are stored on large scale in the cold storages. Other important costly raw materials like dry fruits, chemicals, essences and processed foods like fruit juice/pulp, concentrate dairy products, frozen meat, fish and eggs are also stored in cold storages to regulate marketing channels of these products. Therefore, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Uses Cold storage is used to preserve fruits and vegetables. Once they are kept in the cold storage, they do not get spoiled even after many months. Sometimes, in production season of certain vegetable or fruit crops, the demand for those thing decreases, which in turn decreases the consumption in surplus amount of that particular item and it is kept in a cold storage. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Allana Cold Storage Ltd. • Anjaneya Cold Storage Ltd. • Asvini Fisheries Pvt. Ltd. • H M G Industries Ltd. • Hindusthan Ice & Cold Storage Co. Ltd. • Ideal Ice & Cold Storage Co. Ltd. • Indagro Foods Ltd. • Jindal Steel & Alloys Ltd. • Karnavati Cold Storage Ltd. • Karnimata Cold Storage Ltd. • Kisan Cold Storage & Refrigeration Service Ltd. • Mohan Meakin Ltd. • Nav Bharat Refrigeration & Inds. Ltd. • Prabhu Hira Ice & Cold Storage Ltd. • Ram'S Assorted Cold Storage Ltd. • Sri Vatsa Hotels Ltd. • Universal Cold Storage Pvt. Ltd. • Uptown Trading & Investments Ltd.
Plant capacity: 3000 MTPlant & machinery: Rs 266 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 882 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 43.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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