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Best Business Opportunities in Gujarat - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship

Gas & Petroleum: Project Opportunities in Gujarat



The Oil Industry is a very important industry in the world and a lot depends on the price of the oil and it has been observed that whenever the oil prices increase the price of various products also increases. Oil and gas sector is one of the key catalysts in fuelling the growth of Indian economy. With a 1.2 billion population and an economy that has consistently at approximately 8 per cent annually, India's energy needs are increasing fast, warranting a robust demand for oil and natural gas in the country. India has emerged as the 5th largest refining country in the world, accounting for 4 per cent of the world's refining capacity. India exported 50 million tonnes (MT) of refined petroleum products during 2010-11. With our refining capacity increasing further, this figure is likely to touch about 70 MT by 2014, making India one of the world major exporters of petroleum products.


Gujarat State is rich in the hydrocarbon resources and is the largest on land producer of oil and gas in country. Gujarat contributes about 18% of country’s total crude oil production. Similarly it contributes about 11% of country’s total gas production. If we compare on land crude production then it is almost 50% of crude and 40% of natural gas from the Gujarat State. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd (GSPC) is an oil and gas exploration company in Gujarat, India. It is India's only State Government-owned oil and Gas Company with the Government of Gujarat holding approximately 95% equity stake. GSPC was incorporated in 1979 as a petrochemical company. Today GSPC has become a vertically integrated energy company, excelling in a wide gamut of hydrocarbon activities across India. The largest gas grid will generate opportunities for transmission and distribution of natural gas to domestic and industrial users. Three LNG terminals coming up in the state will provide the fuel for growth. Refineries and petrochemical complexes in operation, invites investment in downstream projects.



The oil ministry has empowered state-run exploration firms ONGC and Oil India to choose customers for gas produced from small fields where output is less than 0.1 million standard cubic meters per day, which would reduce bureaucratic delays and help companies generate revenue expeditiously. Oil India Limited (OIL), a Government of India Enterprise, under the administrative set-up of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. The growing demand for crude oil and gas in the country and policy initiative of Government of India towards increased E&P  activity, have given a great impetus to the Indian E&P industry raising hopes of increased exploration. The government in order to increase exploration activity approved the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in March 1997 which would level the playing field in the upstream sector between private and public sector companies in all fiscal, financial and contractual matters. There will be no mandatory state participation through ONGC/OIL nor there did any carry interest of the government.   In order to increase the exploration and thereby enhance the production of oil and gas in the country the Government of India liberalized the hydrocarbon sector. With the announcement of the liberalization policy in the hydrocarbon sector by Govt. of India for the oil and gas. Pursuant to the signing of PSC many private Exploration and producing Companies started the petroleum operations in the State and thereby the activities in the hydrocarbon sector have increased. In order to cope up with the increasing activities Government of Gujarat created the Office of Directorate of Petroleum to monitor various activities of exploration and exploitation of oil and gas, their production and royalty paid thereon by various organizations in the State of Gujarat. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation Ltd (GSPC) is an oil and gas exploration company in Gujarat, India. It is India's only State Government-owned Oil and Gas Company with the Government of Gujarat holding approximately 95% equity stake. Today GSPC has become a vertically integrated energy company, excelling in a wide gamut of hydrocarbon activities across India.






MINING & MINERALS:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




Minerals are valuable natural resources being finite and non-renewable. They constitute the vital raw materials for many basic industries and are a major resource for development. Management of mineral resources has, therefore, to be closely integrated with the overall strategy of development; and exploitation of minerals is to be guided by long-term national goals and perspectives. Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc. and for administration of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal, natural gas and petroleum.


Gujarat is the ideal state for the investment in mineral based industries looking to the state mineral resources and infrastructural facilities. There is ample opportunity to establish mineral oriented industries like Limestone based cement and soda ash industry, Lignite based power plants, Bauxite-based Alumina plant, Marble & Granite based cutting, polishing plants, Clay based ceramic units, Silica sand based glass units. GNMRL is well placed to take benefit of imminent boom staring at the energy spectrum. GNMRL is unique in itself which focus in coal mining, met coke productions as well as Oil and Gas exploration, the three prime resources which are in great demand. Total area of the State of Gujarat is 1,96,024 sq.kms. Out of which 1,27,000 sq. kms is rocky, which is mineral probable area. About 57,970 sq. kms of these rocky areas have been covered under the Remote Sensing Survey / Pre-detailed Mineral Survey, and about 23,596 sq. kms, under the Detailed Mineral Survey. Till now total 3,63,534 meters of drilling has been completed for various minerals at different places in the state. Out of this, 3,13,613 meters of drilling was conducted by the department, and the remaining 49,921 meters of drilling, by expeditious drilling programme by hiring men & machines. Remaining uncovered area of 69,030 sq. kms will be covered in the next five years by remote sensing / pre-detailed mineral surveys. Total 12,030 sq. kms will be explored by the department, and 57,000 sq. kms, through outsourcing/ private participation.




The Government of Gujarat has envisaged specific policy initiatives for industrial minerals occurring in the state to attract investment in the fields mineral exploration, exploitation, and mineral-based industries. It is intended to create competitive environment to speed up industrial development in mineral potential area by enhancement of Human Resource capabilities, improvement in infrastructure & adopting modern technology. The approach is to make progress by increasing mineral production and export of value added material through local and global competitiveness. Efforts to develop with special attention to minerals which are only available in the Gujarat as compared to other states in the country and mineral occurring in few states & having high quality. Local employment is created through mineral exploitation while maintaining mine safety & striking ecological equilibrium is also an additional addendum of this policy. To regulate the minor minerals, State Government has framed Gujarat Minor Mineral Rules-1966 under the Section-15 of Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act- 1957 and Central Government has framed Granite Conservation and Development Rules-1999 and Marble Development and Conservation Rules-2000. In addition, mines are being regulated under other Acts and Rules of Central Government such as Mines Act-1952, Mines Rules-1955, Mineral Conservation and Development Rules-1988. In the major minerals (including Oil & Natural Gas), Gujarat is placed at 3 position as on March-2002 in Mineral Production value. Gujarat ranks second in working mining leases. Only Gujarat produces minerals like Agate, Chalk and Perlite in the country. Production wise Gujarat ranks first in Fluorite and Silica sand, second in Bauxite, Lignite, Fire clay and Clay (others) and third in Quartz and Ball clay and fourth in Limestone and China clay.




Agro and Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Gujarat




Agro Industry means a unit which adds value to agricultural products/intermediates/residues; both food and non-food; by processing into products which are marketable or usable or edible, or by improving storability, or by providing the link from farm to the market or a part thereof. The term “agro-food processing industries” covers a wide range of activities utilizing farm, animal and forestry based products as raw materials. Agriculture sector contributes one-fourth of the country’s GDP. India is the largest producer of milk, fruits, pulses, cashew nuts, coconuts and tea in world and accounts for 10 % of the world fruit production. India’s food grain production is expected to rise to 208.5 million tons by March 2006, from 204.6 million tons in 2005. Horticulture sector contributes 30 % of the agriculture GDP and accounts for 8.5 % of cultivated area. In the Global food processing industry Asia-pacific is accounting for 31.10 % of global market. India is the World’s second largest producer of food, next to China and has potential to be number one.



Gujarat is endowed with abundant natural resources in terms of varied soil, climatic conditions and diversified cropping pattern suitable for agricultural activities. Gujarat is a leading producer of various agricultural crops within India as well as worldwide. Gujarat has highest production in the world for Castor (67%), Fennel (67%), Cumin (36%), Isabgol (35%), groundnut (8%), and Guar seed (6%). The state has also emerged as a frontrunner in several other sectors such as Dairy, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, Traditional Horticulture and Floriculture. Gujarat is keen to promote the agro-processing industry, which currently consists of small and medium enterprises producing a wide variety of products. It has about 16,400 small enterprises in food processing, beverage and tobacco processing. The agro-processing sector accounts for a significant proportion of the working population in the State. Moreover, the State is well known for its success in dairy cooperatives. Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation enjoys a significant market share in the processed foods sector.


The Gujarat Agro Vision 2010 has been formulated with defined growth parameters of gross state domestic product, per capita income and increase in non farm income of rural population due to multiplier effect. A holistic approach has been envisaged with emphasis on agricultural research, conservation of soil and water, economic and social sustainability. A comprehensive Agro Industrial Policy 2000 has been formulated. Tiny, small, medium and large agro industrial units shall be given 6% back ended subsidy for 5 years on the interest on term loan, subject to a ceiling of Rs. 100 lacs. Gujarat government has announced a new Agri Business Policy during the summit 2009. Gujarat government has offered various incentives to attract the investment in agriculture and allied sectors. Some of the incentives include declaration of food processing industry as seasonal industry, cost subsidy to large projects in food processing sector and sops and incentives to enhance competitiveness of small and medium enterprises, etc.


SALT INDUSTRY:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




India is the third largest Salt producing Country in the World after China and USA with Global annual production being about 230 million tonnes.  The growth and achievement of Salt Industry over the last 60 years has been spectacular.  When India attained Independence in 1947, salt was being imported from the United Kingdom & Adens to meet its domestic requirement.  But today it has not only achieved self-sufficiency in production of salt to meet its domestic requirement but also in a position of exporting surplus salt to foreign countries.  The production of salt during 1947 was 1.9 million tonnes which has increased tenfold to record 20 million tonnes during 2005. The main sources of salt in India are sea brine, lake brine, sub-soil brine and rock salt deposits. Sea water is an inexhaustible source of salt.  Salt production along the coast is limited by weather and soil conditions.


Gujarat is blessed with the longest coastline of 1600 km. in India, offering important resources such as salt and marine products for industry. Gujarat is the largest producers of salt in India and ranking 2nd highest export in the world. Gujarat contributes 76 percent to the total production, followed by Tamil Nadu (12 %) and Rajasthan (8%). It also became the highest tax charging state for salt production amongst the six other salt producing states. Apart from using salt for edible purposes, it is substantially used for production of inorganic chemicals.





Salt is a Central subject in the Constitution of India and appears as item No.58 of the Union List of the 7th Schedule, which reads:

a)   Manufacture, Supply and Distribution of Salt by Union Agencies; and

b)   Regulation and control of manufacture, supply and distribution of salt by other agencies.

Central Government is responsible for controlling all aspects of the Salt Industry. Salt Commissioner’s Organisation plays a facilitating role in overall growth and development of Salt Industry in the country. The thrust of the Salt Commissioner’s Organisation currently is on Technological Development and Quality Improvement, Salt Iodisation Program for combating Iodine Deficiency Disorders, Infrastructure Development promoting Salt Industry, Labour Welfare Schemes for Salt Workers particularly housing under Namak Mazdoor Awas Yojna and export of Salt.



GEMS AND JEWELLERY:Project Opportunities in Gujarat


Gems and jewellery industry in India occupies a significant position in the Indian economy. It is also one of the fastest growing Industries in the country. The cutting and polishing of Diamonds and precious stones is one of the oldest traditions in India and the country has earned considerable goodwill, both, in the domestic and international markets for its skills and creativity. India was also the first country to have introduced diamonds to the world. The country was the first to mine diamonds, cut and polish them and also trade them. It accounted for 16.7 per cent of India's total Merchandise Exports. At present India exports 95% of the world’s diamonds.



Gujarat is the leading state in India in gems and jewellery sector, as it contributes to about 72% of the total exports of India. Gujarat has a well established diamond industry. Diamond processing and trading unit are spread across the State in cities such as Surat, Ahmedabad, Palanpur, Bhavnagar, Valsad and Navsari. Gujarat accounts for about 80% of diamonds processed and 95% of diamonds export from India. Surat has 65% share in India's diamond trade. Highly skilled workforce Gujarat’s comparatively cheaper and skilledworkforce can be effectively utilized to setup large low cost production bases for domestic and export markets. Gujarat’s Gems & Jewellery sector is expected to grow at a rate of 15%.



The government's interest in the sector is evident from the FDI policy which allows 100% FDI and 74% in exploration and mining of diamonds and precious stones and 100% for gold and silver and minerals exploration, mining, metallurgy and processing. Gems and Jewellery, diamonds and precious metals have been given a special thrust by the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, under the Foreign Trade Policy through the following measures:

·         Allowing 100 per cent FDI in the gems and jewellery sector under the automatic route;

·         Abolishing duty on polished diamonds;

·         Lowering import duty on platinum and exempting rough, coloured, precious gems stones from customs duty.  Rough, semi –precious stones are also exempted from import duty;

·         Setting up of Gems and Jewellery Parks and SEZs to stimulate sectoral investments;

·         Allowing import of gold of 8 k and above under replenishment scheme, subject to the condition that import being accompanied by an Assay Certificate specifying purity, weight and alloy content;

·         Permitting import of Diamondson consignment basis for Certification /Grading, and re-export by the authorized offices/agencies of Gemological Institute of America (GIA) in India or other approved agencies.


CHEMICALS AND PETROCHEMICALS: Project Opportunities in Gujarat




The Chemical and Petrochemical Industry occupies an important place in the country's economy, as the Chemical industry has grown at a pace outperforming the overall growth of the industry. Chemical industry is an important constituent of the Indian economy. Its size is estimated at around US$ 35 billion approx., which is equivalent to about 3% of India's GDP. The total investment in Indian Chemical Sector is approx. US$ 60 billion and total employment generated is about 1 million. Today, petrochemical products permeate the entire spectrum of daily useitems and cover almost every sphere of life like clothing, housing, construction, furniture, automobiles, household items, agriculture, horticulture, irrigation, packaging, medical appliances, electronics and electrical etc. Chemicals and Petrochemicals contribute to more than 62 % of national petrochemicals and 51% of national Chemical sector output. It leads all states in India in terms of the investments committed in the chemical and petrochemical sector, 30% of fixed capital investment is in the manufacturing of Chemical and Chemical Products. Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical products contribute to around one fifth of the total employment in state. The production capacity of major suppliers of polymers, PE/PP/PVC in Gujarat is nearly 70% of the whole country’s production. Large quantity of production of basic chemicals caustic soda, caustic potash and chloromethane, largest supplier of bio fertilizers, seeds, Urea and other fertilizers



Gujarat's chemicals and petrochemicals industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the State's economy. The industry offers a wide spectrum of opportunities for the investors both from India and abroad. The well diversified chemical industry has complete portfolio of chemical products including petrochemicals and downstream products, pharmaceuticals, dyes and intermediates. The Chemical Industry in Gujarat comprises of about 500 large and medium scale industrial units, about 16,000 of small scale industrial units and other factory sector units. Gujarat emerged as leading Indian states in terms of the investments committed in the chemical and petrochemical sector. It contributes to more than 62% of national petrochemical and 51% of national chemical sector output. Around 6,000 chemical and petrochemicals products are produced in the state. Manufacturing of chemicals and chemical products contributes to around one fifth of the total employment in state. The chemical industry in Gujarat is a significant component of the State's economy, contributing to more than 51% of Indian production of major chemicals with revenues at approximately more than INR 12,000 crore. Petrochemical Industry in Gujarat produces 13,048 ('000 Tonnes) of petrochemical products and also contributes around 62% to the total production of the country. Gujarat contributes 15% of the total national chemical exports.



In Chemical sector, 100% FDI is permissible, manufacture of most chemical products inter-alia covering organic/inorganic, dyestuffs and pesticides is de licensed. The entrepreneurs need to submit only IEM with the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion provided no locational angle is applicable. Only the following items are covered in the compulsory licensing list because of their hazardous nature: Hydrocyanic acid and its derivatives, Phosgene and its derivatives,Isocynates and di-isocynates of hydrocarbons.


TEXTILES:Project Opportunities in Gujarat




The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. Though was predominantly unorganized industry even a few years back, but the scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry, which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world.


Gujarat is one of the leading industrial states in India and textile industry in particular had contributed in a big way to the industrialisation of the State. In fact, development of many industries likes, Dyestuff, Chemicals, Engineering/Foundry and Cotton farming is solely dependent on this sector. The State is well known for development of Hybrid Cotton, Ginning, power looms, composite mills, spinning units and independent processing Houses. Gujarat being the largest producer of cotton, has obtained tremendous opportunities towards higher and higher value addition product by setting up Modern Process Houses (with the technology of low polluting and less energy costs) in one hand and Knitwear/Ready-made Garments in a big way on the other to fulfil the domestic and international market. Investment opportunities may be, therefore, explored for Cotton Ring Spinning (25,000 spindles), Open End Spinning (1000 rotors), Modern Process House, Shuttleless Weaving (50 looms), Ready-made garments unit and Non-woven and Technical Textile unit with appropriate technology. Bandhani or Bandhej of Gujarat is one of the best tie and dye fabrics in India. Dhamadka and Ajrakh, Mashru are some of the other fabrics of Gujarat. Dhamadka is the art of printing fabrics with wooden blocks. Mashru is a mixed fabric, woven with a combination of cotton and silk. It was originally used by Muslim men, as they were prohibited from wearing pure silk.



The Gujarat government is planning to come up with a policy to boost the textile and apparel industry in the state and help it remain competitive in the post-quota regime of the World Trade Organisation. Gujarat’s textile policy provides incentives that are more favourable for large textile units. It provides 25% capital subsidy on purchase of machineries. Custom duty on textile machinery is only 5%. Also, various human resource development activities for the textile industry have been initiated by state government. Subsidy at 50% of R&D expenditure is provided to industries carrying out research. Interest subsidy at 3% is provided for capital equipment for five years. Assistance is also provided for infrastructural development, market promotion and environment protection. Gujarat is also the largest producer and exporter of cotton, the production of which has been increasing over time. So raw material is plentiful. It is the largest producer of denim. Surat is a strong base for synthetic fibers and provides a big market.


Waste management: Project Opportunities in Gujarat



Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.



Gujarat is an ideal location for an effective functioning of the projects, which depend on reasonable volume of generated wastes, waste characteristics, public acceptance and potential network of the industry for the zero discharge of the waste. Gujarat is characterized by wide spread industrial establishments, robust infrastructure development and stable socio-political environment. The industrial development has remained and is the robust backbone of Gujarat’s economical and industrial prospects and a driving force of a future economic growth. In a meantime, the rapid industrial development throughout the state has lead resulted in generating abundant industrial wastes which need proper care in pollution mitigation and recycling in and around urban centres of Ahmedabad, Bharuch, Surat etc. 


National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Jatropha Plantation & Oil Extraction (Used as Biofuel) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Jatropha or physic nut (Jatropha curcas) is one of 150 Jatropha species in the family of the Euphorbiaceae. It is an oilseed crop that grows well on marginal and semi-arid lands. Jatropha has been identified as one of the most promising feedstock for large-scale biodiesel production in India, where nearly 64 million hectares of land is classified as wasteland or uncultivated land. It is also particularly well suited for fuel use at the small-scale or village level. To date; there has been a substantial amount of variability in yield data for the plant, which can be attributed to differences in germplasm quality, plantation practices, and climatic conditions. The oil is semi-drying and may be employed for the preparation of non-or semi-drying alkyds. In China, a varnish is prepared by boiling the oil with iron oxide. The oil is used as an illuminant; it burns without emitting smoke. The seed cake contains toxic principles and is unfit for use as cattle feed. It is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus (N, 3.2; P2O5, 1.4; and K2O, 1.2%) and can be used as manure. The cake protein may be employed as a raw material for plastics and synthetic fibers. Jatropha is a main biodiesel crop for India and it is proposed to use only marginal or wastelands for biodiesel plantation. Thus, the yields are likely to be on the lower end of the range and the land required could be anywhere up to 21 Mha. The planning commission has set a target of raising Jatropha plantations on an area of about 11 Mha by 2020, which can produce 7.3 Mt of biodiesel, which can meet only 21% of projected biodiesel demand of 2020-high scenario (33.5Mt) whereas it can meet about 57% of the biodiesel demand under 2020-low scenario. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: Jatropha Oil as Biofuel: 300 KL per annum,Jatropha Oil Cake as Bio-fertilizer: 900 KL per annum, Plantation Area: 100 Hectares Plant & machinery: Rs. 58 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 176 Lakhs
Return: 21.00%Break even: 62.00%
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Cashew Processing - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Cashew was introduced in India by the Portuguese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil erosion. Cashew ranks second among the nine tree nuts which figure prominently in international trade circles, first being Almond. The cashew adapts to various types of soils and climatic conditions and is hardy and draught resistant tree. Cashew is held with great esteem in many customs and cultures. Three main cashew products are traded on the international market - raw nuts, cashew kernels and cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL). A fourth product - the cashew apple is generally processed and consumed locally. The cashew kernel is a rich source of fat (46 percent) and protein (18 percent) and is a good source of calcium, phosphorus and iron. It has a high percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular, the essential fatty acid linoleic acid. The tart apple is a source of vitamin C, calcium and iron. The bark, leaves, gum and shell are all used in medicinal applications. The leaves and bark are commonly used to relieve toothache and sore gums, and the boiled water extract of the leaf or bark is used as a mouth wash. India is the largest producer and exporter of cashew kernels in the world. Over 65 per cent of the world export of cashew kernels is accounted for by India. Indian cashews are consumed in as many as 60 countries all over the world. The Indian cashew kernel is well acclaimed for its good quality, taste and appearance. Sometimes cashew nuts are called “nature's vitamin pill,” The market for both the raw cashew as well as cashew kernel is controlled by wholesalers who center on the supply chain in a coordinated and organized fashion. The processing units procure major portion of raw cashew nuts through the traders. The farmers are not allowed to sell directly to the processing units by these traders. Thus, Cashew Processing is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Amigo Exports Ltd. B G H Exim Ltd. Karnataka Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Kerala State Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Kisan Cold Storage & Refrigeration Service Ltd. M A C Agro Inds. Ltd. Mac Industries Ltd. Mangalya Trading & Investments Ltd. Moolchand Exports Ltd. North Eastern Regional Agri. Mktg. Corp. Ltd. Olam Exports (India) Ltd. Orissa State Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Padmavathi Cashews & Coffee Ltd. S T C L Ltd. State Farming Corpn. Of Kerala Ltd. Cost Estimation Capacity • WW 240 Grade Cashew Nut : 78.6 MT/annum • WW 320 Grade Cashew Nut : 247.5 MT/annum • WW 450 Grade Cashew Nut : 131.4 MT/annum • SW 240 Grade Cashew Nut : 60 MT/annum • SW Avg. Grade Cashew Nut : 15 MT/annum • Splits and Pieces Grade Cashew Nut : 165 MT/annum • Scorched Pieces Grade Cashew Nut : 52.5 MT/annum • Cashew Nut Shell Liquid : 337.5 MT/annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs. 150 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 667 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 62.00%
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E–Waste Recycling Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Electronic wastes, "e-waste", "e-scrap", or "Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment" ("WEEE") is a description of surplus, obsolete, broken or discarded electrical or electronic devices. Technically, electronic "waste" is the component which is dumped or disposed or discarded rather than recycled, including residue from reuse and recycling operations. Electronic Waste – or e-waste – is the term used to describe old, end-of-life electronic appliances such as computers, laptops, TVs, DVD players, mobile phones, mp3 players etc. which have been disposed of by their original users. Composition of e-waste is very diverse and differs in products across different categories. It contains more than 1000 different substances, which fall under “hazardous” and “non-hazardous” categories. Broadly, it consists of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, plastics, glass, wood & plywood, printed circuit boards, concrete and ceramics, rubber and other items. Iron and steel constitutes about 50% of the e-waste followed by plastics (21%), non-ferrous metals (13%) and other constituents. Non-ferrous metals consist of metals like copper, aluminium and precious metals ex. silver, gold, platinum, palladium etc. The presence of elements like lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium, selenium, and hexavalent chromium and flame-retardants beyond threshold quantities in e-waste classifies them as hazardous waste. WEEE has been identified as one of the fastest growing sources of waste in the India, and is estimated to be increasing by 16-28 per cent every five years. Within each sector a complex set of heterogeneous secondary wastes is created. Although treatment requirements are complicated, the sources from any one sector possess many common characteristics. However, there exist huge variations in the nature of electronic wastes between sectors, and treatment regimes appropriate for one cannot be readily transferred to another. As a whole E–Waste Recycling is a good project for entrepreneurs for investment.
Plant capacity: Monitor : 3000 Pcs. /annum,Plastic Dana: 1559 MT/annum,Copper Wire Scraps: 7.5 MT/annum,Glass from CRT : 105 MT/annum,Other Metals: 450 MT/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 233 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 526 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Trading Business (Export & Imports) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

International trade is the exchange of goods and services across national boundaries. It is the most traditional form of international business activity and has played a major role in shaping world history. It is also the first type of foreign business operation undertaken by most companies because importing or exporting requires the least commitment of, and risk to, the company’s resources. International trade allows manufacturers and distributors to seek out products, services, and components produced in foreign countries. Companies acquire them because of cost advantages or in order to learn about advanced technical methods used abroad; for example, methods that help reduce the cost of production lower prices and in turn, induce more consumption thus producing increased profit. Trade also enables firms to acquire resources that are not available at home. Besides providing consumers with a variety of goods and services, international trade increases incomes and employment. Determinants of Trade are: • Major determinants of exports: Presence of an entrepreneurial class; access to transportation, marketing, and other services; exchange rates; and government trade and exchange rate policies. • Major determinants of imports: Per capita income, price of imports, exchange rates, government trade and exchange rate policies. International trade in services has grown over the past decade at an annual rate of about 18 percent compared to that of approximately 9 percent for merchandise trade. In some countries, such as Panama and the Netherlands, services account for about 40 percent or more of total merchandise trade. Typical service exports include transportation, tourism, banking, advertising, construction, retailing, and mass communication. As a whole establishing Trading Business is one of the project which has good prospect for the entrepreneurs to invest. Capacity Export Products • Yellow Corn (Maize) : 60 Lakh MT/annum • Basmati Rice : 1.2 Lakh MT/annum • Rice General : 12 Lakh MT/annum • Cashew Nuts : 12000 MT/annum • Sugar : 12 Lakh MT/annum • Iron Ore : 10 Lakh MT/annum • Bauxite (Alumina) : 5 Lakh MT/annum • TMT Bars : 5 Lakh MT/annum • Tomato Paste : 6000 MT/annum Import Products • Steam Coal : 120 Lakh MT/annum • Processed cashew Nuts : 3000 MT/annum Trading Products - Metal Scraps : 12 Lakh MT/annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 161524 Lakhs
Return: 59.00%Break even: 25.00%
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Roller Flour Mill (with Color Sorter)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Wheat is an annual grass belonging to the Poaceae (Gramineae) family, and represents one of the world’s most important field crops. In contrast to the other cereal grains, wheat possess the unique gluten proteins capable of forming the fully visco-elastic dough required to produce pasta, noodles and leavened baked products, especially bread. Additionally, wheat and wheat derivatives such as wheat malt, flour and starch are commonly used as adjuncts in the brewing industry. Wheat flour is high in nutrients. Because of its fiber properties, wheat flour is the first choice of the health conscious people. Wheat flour is obtained by milling wheat. There are various types of wheat. Wheat flour is used to make chapatti’s, parathas etc. for daily meal. There are various other uses such as in bread and other bakery products as well as in many other recipes in which wheat flour is used as main ingredient. An excellent source of complex carbohydrates is wheat flour. Wheat flour contains B-vitamins, calcium, folacin, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, minimal amounts of sodium and other trace elements. The roller flour milling industry is the largest organized segment for utilization of wheat in the country. The Indian roller flour milling industry is essentially small-scale and highly fragmented, with no major group having share of more than two per cent of the national capacity. For the last 10 years, roller mill owners have been increasingly targeting the market for packaged branded atta. Traditionally, Indian families store wheat at home and take 10 to 15 kilograms (kg) at a time to chakkis for custom milling. In the largest cities, only 10% to 30% of families still take wheat to chakkis. Thus, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Ambe Agro Inds. Ltd. Ambuja Flour Mills Ltd. Anirudh Foods Ltd. Ankit India Ltd. Aruppukottai Shri Ramalinga Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Bambino Agro Inds. Ltd. Brindavan Roller Flour Mills Ltd. Century Flour Mills Ltd. Daawat Foods Ltd. Dhanlaxmi Solvex Pvt. Ltd. Farmax India Ltd. Flour & Food Ltd. Gallantt Ispat Ltd. Gallantt Udyog Ltd. General Mills India Pvt. Ltd. Govind Mills Ltd. Gujarat Ambuja Cotspin Ltd. Gujarat State Civil Supplies Corpn. Ltd. Gupta Nutritions Pvt. Ltd. Himachal Pradesh State Civil Supplies Corpn. Ltd. Himanshu Flour Mills Ltd. Itarsi Oils & Flours Ltd. Jai Mata Foods Ltd.
Plant capacity: Maida: 9000 MT/annum,Sooji: 2100 MT/annum,Wheat Flour: 3900 MT/annum,Bran: 3000 MT/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 310 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 683 Lakhs
Return: 16.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Cellulose Acetate - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue,Plant Layout

Cellulose acetate is one of the oldest manmade macromolecules used extensively in the textile and polymer industries. It has an inherent advantage in that the starting material, cellulose, is a renewable natural resource. The current applications of cellulose acetate include textiles, cigarette tow, lacquers, cellulose films, and packaging. Since it is nontoxic, cellulose acetate is widely used in food packaging. Cellulose acetate has been produced from both cotton and wood pulp. Cellulose acetate is a semi-synthetic polymer obtained through the esterification of acetic acid with cellulose that is a natural polymer. Cellulose acetates with different properties are obtained depending on the esterification degree (degree of substitution). Cellulose triacetate (fiber triacetate) finds its predominant application in the Production of high- quality cine film as it exhibits an excellent dimensional stability combined with very low flammability, in contrast with films from cellulose nitrate. Cellulose acetate finds its use as a plastic material, must be mentioned, especially mixed esters containing butyrate. Besides the acetate groups (cellulose acetobutyrate) can be melt processed, especially by injection molding to produce consumer’s goods with attractive mechanical properties and attractive appearance; but also in this field cellulose acetate stands in hard competition with synthetic plastics. Textile applications accounted for nearly 8% of world consumption of cellulose acetate fibers in 2011; demand growth during 2011–2016 is forecast at an average annual rate of approximately 1.2%. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 10000 MT/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 251 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 968 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 59.00%
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Water Treatment Chemicals (R.O., Boiler and Cooling Tower) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Water treatment describes industrial-scale processes that make water more acceptable for an end-use, which may be drinking, industrial, or medical. Water treatment is unlike small-scale water sterilization that campers and other people in wilderness areas practice. Water treatment should remove existing water contaminants or so reduce their concentration that their water becomes fit for its desired end-use, which may be safely returning used water to the environment. Two of the main processes of industrial water treatment are boiler water treatment and cooling water treatment. A lack of proper water treatment can lead to the reaction of solids and bacteria within pipe work and boiler housing. Steam boilers can suffer from scale or corrosion when left untreated leading to weak and dangerous machinery, scale deposits can mean additional fuel is required to heat the same level of water because of the drop in efficiency. Poor quality dirty water can become a breeding ground for bacteria such as Legionella causing a risk to public health. The Indian boiler water treatment chemicals market so far has been fragmented but in recent times it showed sign of consolidation, as about 70% of the market share is being accounted by top 6 players. The Indian boiler water treatment chemicals market will grow at the CAGR of 8.2% till 2018, in terms of revenues. The report also forebodes that Nalco- India is going to maintain its lead till 2018 with over 25% market share. The next major segment in India would be the water chemicals segment with potential for a range of chemicals for conserving this critical resource. The demand for water is likely to grow substantially, putting pressure on supply of water for irrigation, drinking and industrial usage. The need to augment supply of water requires both conservation efforts to minimize wastage as well as greater amount of recycling. This is where water chemicals will play a vital role. Thus, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest due to growing demand.
Plant capacity: Boiler Chemical: 600 MT per annum,Cooling Tower Chemical: 300 MT per annum,R.O. Chemical: 300 MT per annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 45 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 366 Lakhs
Return: 24.00%Break even: 37.00%
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PVC & XLPE Cables - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

A power cable is an assembly of two or more electrical conductors, usually held together with an overall sheath. The assembly is used for transmission of electrical power. Power cables may be installed as permanent wiring within buildings, buried in the ground, run overhead, or exposed. Cables consist of three major components: conductors, insulation, and protective jacket. The makeup of individual cables varies according to application. Power cables use stranded copper or aluminium conductors, although small power cables may use solid conductors. Copper has a higher conductivity than aluminium. PVC cables are used in home appliance, house wiring, T.V, VCR control panel, power distribution & secondary transmissions etc. The main use of PVC cables are in house wiring. XLPE coated cables and wire are extensively used in all electrical linings, domestic lightings and all other purposes. Parkway lighting, river crossings, and lighting of the grounds of an institution are among the more common applications of armored cable. The market is divided into different segments in terms of product variation. The basic division is between cables and conductors. Cables are either power cables or control cables. Power cables supply energy at voltages up to 230 KV. Control cables are low voltage cables (up to 0.6 KV) used to transmit control signals in switch boards. The conducting material can be copper or aluminium with insulating material, PVC, XLPE, elastomers or paper. Power cable industry in India is eyeing an estimated Rs 50 bn market to unfold. The major players in the organized industry are: Cable Corporation of India, Universal Cables, Fort Gloster, Industrial Cables, Uniflex Cables, RPG Cables, Finolex Cables, Paramount and Hindustan Vidyut Products. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest & any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: PVC Cables 1 Core: 785100 KM/annum,PVC Cables 2 Core: 8700 KM/annum,XLPE Cables 1 Core: 7800 KM/annum, XLPE Cables 2 Core : 3600 KM/annumPlant & machinery: Rs. 764 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 2997 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Aluminium Conductors (AAAC and ACSR) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

A wire or combination or wires not insulated from one another, suitable for carrying a single electric current is called conductor. The term conductor is not to include a combination of conductors insulated from one another, which would be suitable for carrying several different electric currents. Stranded Conductor is a conductor composed of a group of wires or any combination of group of wires. The wires in a stranded conductor are usually twisted or braided together. Stranded aluminium and A.C.S.R. and coming in place of copper. Internal greasing of conductors, now the generally accepted practice, materially, assists in improving the life, more particularly in coastel and corrosive environments. Conductors are used for transmission line, for telephone line to carry specified length of the conductor from factory floor to site of conductor laying. The high conductivity, good corrosion resistance, light weight minimum sag, and case of erection in difficult territories justify the choice of All Aluminium Alloy Conductor, materials for overhead transmission of electric power. Moreover, for a given clearance of ground fewer towers, and are needed than for conductors made of other materials. Electric equipment industry contributes over 2% of GDP which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 bn now to USD 363 bn, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production. The Eleventh Plan has targeted a capacity addition of 78,570 MW. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest & any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Apar Industries Ltd. Bagade India Engg. Ltd. Bindawala Cables & Conductors Ltd. Deepak Cables (India) Ltd. E M C Ltd. Eri-Tech Ltd. Galada Power & Telecommunication Ltd. Hirakud Industrial Works Ltd. Jaipur Metals & Electricals Ltd. Lunkad Aluminium Ltd. Maharashtra Metal Powders Ltd. Murarka Cables & Conductors Ltd. Omega Cables Ltd.
Plant capacity: All Aluminium Alloy Conductor: 3000 MT per annum,Aluminium Conductor Steel Reinforced: 3000 MT per annum Plant & machinery: Rs. 284 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 731 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Ready to Eat Food (Retort Packing)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

India has made lot of progress in agriculture & food sectors since independence in terms of growth in output, yields and processing. It has gone through a green revolution, a white revolution, a yellow revolution and a blue revolution. The retort processed foods do not require rehydration or cooking and can be consumed straight from the pouch with or without pre-warming, depending upon the requirement of the users and the weather conditions. Some of the mouth-watering dishes in retort pouches include sooji halwa, upma, chicken curry, mutton curry, fish curry, chicken madras, chicken kurma, rajma masala, palak paneer, dal makhni, mutter paneer, potato-peas, mutter mushroom, vegetable pulav chicken pulav, and mutton pulav, etc. Ready To Eat, Shelf Stable, Retort Sterilized Foods are completely cooked foods packed in airtight containers, which could be preserved at room temperature for a long period of time without the necessity of freezing, cooling and drying. The thermally-processed retort pouch foods are waterproof, weatherproof and bug proof. The Shelf Life of Ready to Eat Foods is from 1 year to 5 years, depending on the type of packing materials and processing procedures. The size of the processed food market is estimated to be over Rs 110 bn and is growing at 10 to 15% per annum. The Rs 4000-bn food market in India has been growing at the rate of 6.5% a year. The Indian middle class spends an estimated around Rs 700 bn annually on food and groceries alone. The ready-to-eat segment is growing faster as technology is improving and so is the lifestyle of the people. Thus, Ready to Eat Food is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Energy Products (India) Ltd. Golden Fries Ltd. Haldiram Indian Snacks Ltd. I T C Ltd. Just Desserts Ltd. Kanaiya Foods (India) Ltd. Kohinoor Foods Ltd. M T R Foods Pvt. Ltd. Mount Shivalik Inds. Ltd. Shivdeep Industries Ltd. Tasty Bite Eatables Ltd. Ushodaya Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. Venkatramana Food Specialities Ltd.
Plant capacity: Vegetable Pulao : 900000 Kgs. per annum,Dal Makhani: 600000 Kgs. per annum,Palak: 180000 Kgs. per annum,Rajmah: 210000 Kgs. per annum,Potato Peas: 180000 Kgs. per annum,Mutter Mushroom: 75000 Kgs. per annum Plant & machinery: Rs. 596 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 998 Lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 49.00%
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