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Best Business Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro-based industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India. Since it would cause diversification and commercialization of agriculture, it will thus enhance the incomes of farmers and create food surpluses. 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh produces over 9.57 million tons of fruits, vegetables and spices. Andhra Pradesh is the largest egg producer in India 1,000 kilometres of coastline, 8,577 kilometre river length and 102 reservoirs spread over an area of 2.34 lakh hectares have helped Andhra Pradesh develop as the principal producer of marine and fresh water foods, including fish and prawn. State is blessed with different agro-climatic conditions for growing a variety of horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, plantation crops and floriculture, largest producer of rice in India. The state is a leading producer of cash crops like tobacco, groundnut, dry chilly, turmeric, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and jute, second-largest producer of horticulture products in India; production is expected to reach 22.90 million tonnes by 2020. State produces some of the finest varieties of mangoes, grapes, guavas, papayas and bananas. Number one position in production of sweet lime, lime, papaya, chilly, turmeric and palm oil, second in the production of tomato and coriander, third in pomegranate, fourth in tapioca, lady finger and grapes, and fifth in onions. To achieve the growth envisaged for the agricultural sector, the state intends to promote investment of around US$ 17.07 billion by 2010, while the total investment until 2020 would be around US$ 39.02 billion

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In the recent Union Budget (2007-08), agriculture has got considerable attention with the various policy initiatives from the side of finance ministry. Some of the imp0ortant policies are:

·         During 2006-07 (until December 2006), 53.37 lakh new farmers were brought into the institutional credit system. A target of Rs. 225,000 crore as farm credit and an addition of 50 lakh new farmers to the banking system have been fixed for the year 2007-08. The two per cent interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans will continue in 2007-08, and a provision of Rs.1,677 crore has been made for that purpose.

·         A special purpose tea fund has been launched for re-plantation and rejuvenation of tea. Government soon plans to put in place similar financial mechanism for coffee, rubber, spices, cashew and coconut.

·         Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) has been revamped in order to complete more irrigation projects in the quickest possible time. As against an outlay of Rs.7,121 crore in 2006-07, the outlay for 2007-08 has been increased to Rs.11,000 crore.

·         Rs.17,253 crore had been budgeted for fertilizer subsidies in 2006-07. However, according to the Revised Estimates, this will rise to Rs.22,452 crore.

·         The National Insurance Scheme (NAIS) will be continued for Kharif and Rabi crops during the year 2007-08.

·         The two per cent interest subvention scheme will continue in 2007-08.

·         Rs. 100 crores have been allocated to new Rain fed Area Development Programme, set up for coordinating all schemes for watershed development. 

 

 

 

 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. Minerals constitute the backbone of economic growth of any nation; India is endowed with significant volume of mineral deposits. It is estimated that India holds abundant reserves of minerals such as non coking coal, iron ore, bauxite (metallurgical grade), dolomite, gypsum, limestone and mica; adequate level of reserves of minerals such as lignite, chromite (metallic), manganese, zinc, graphite; but deficiency in mineral reserves such as coking coal, chromite (refractory grade), bauxite (chemical grade), copper, lead, apatite, rock phosphate and kyanite.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the second largest storehouse of mineral resources in India.  A total of 48 minerals were located with vast explored resources of coal, limestone, bauxite, barites, mica, beach sands, granite, limestone slabs etc., and good resources of oil and natural gas, manganese, asbestos, iron ore, ball clay, fireclay gold, diamond, graphite, dolomite, quartz, tungsten, steatite, feldspar, silica sand, Uranium, beach sands minerals, etc. State is endowed with the internationally known black, pink, blue and multicoloured varieties of granites. Over 400 mines have reported production in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major mineral based industries in the state include cement, ceramic & refractories, and sulphuric acid.

The state stands First in value of mineral production, contributing 9 to 10 per cent of the country’s mineral value production. Andhra Pradesh has huge reserves of key minerals such as coal, limestone, granite, bauxite and barytes. In fact, the state is estimated to have one-third of the country's total mineral wealth. Andhra Pradesh is the only southern state with coal deposits and has 20 per cent of the country's limestone reserves and 27 per cent of its bauxite reserves. The world's best granite, Black Galaxy, is found only in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of cement in the country

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Andhra Pradesh mineral policy aims at optimum exploitation, scientific development, value addition, marketing and exports under private and joint sectors. Mineral, cement and jewellery sectors are identified as thrust areas in the international policy. Simplified entrepreneur friendly structural changes are brought out in the state mineral policy, decentralised, deregulated and introduced prefixed time frame in the processing of mineral concessions at each level for faster implementation of projects. The government has thrown the mineral sector open for private investment & like to withdraw from areas in which their presence is no longer required & disinvest from these public sectors. The ministry of mines regulates & promotes the activities of mining in the country and is responsible for survey and exploration of all the minerals other than coal, natural gas, petroleum and atomic minerals; mining & metallurgy of non ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc,  lead, gold, nickel; providing administration for prospecting and mining laws

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

India’s tourism industry is experiencing a strong period of growth, driven by the burgeoning Indian middle class, growth in high spending foreign tourists, and coordinated government campaigns to promote ‘Incredible India’. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry has helped growth in other sectors as diverse as horticulture, handicrafts, agriculture, construction and even poultry.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh has a variety of attractions including beaches, hills, wildlife, forests and temples. The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its rich history, architecture and culture. Andhra Pradesh is the top tourist destination in India. The weather is mostly tropical. Andhra Pradesh attracts the largest number of tourists in India. 3.2 million Visitors visit the state every year. With more than 600 tourist locations, the second largest coast line in the country, 1000 years of history and pilgrimage centres of every major religion of India, Andhra Pradesh is truly "The essence of India". Many sites still depict that Buddhism had its major significance and it was a prime Buddhist centre. Andhra Pradesh is popularly known as “Food bowl of South”. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh, which is a rich cultural city with many places of interests, palaces, museums, parks and religious sites. Andhra Pradesh is home to many wildlife and natural forest reserves with a large variety of flora and fauna. Diverse landscapes, deciduous forest, coastal belt, dense mangrove forest and many rivers of religious importance also originate in Andhra Pradesh. Largest Indian tiger reserve at Nallamala forest and pelican refuge at Kolleru Lake forms an important location for wildlife lovers.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:

·         The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.

·         No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.

·         Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.

·         Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.

·         50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.

 

Automotive Industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh recognizes the enormous economic potential of automotive industry for the future development of the state. The economic benefits of the automobile industry to a host economy are legion. The immediate tangible benefits of the automotive industry are employment generation, fast development of key linkage industries liked steel, plastics, paints, etc., improvement in technological and related skill levels in various supporting industries, increased exports, increased revenues, etc. The automotive component manufacturing industry has a major share in the economic map of Andhra Pradesh. An abundance of skilled and non-skilled labourers helped the industry flourish in Andhra Pradesh and today there are more than 100 automotive component manufacturing companies in the state. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government policies on Indian automobile industry have been framed in order to aid in the expansion of the automobiles sector in India. The Auto Policy has spelt out the direction of growth for the auto sector in India and addresses most concerns of the automobile sector, including-

·         Promotion of R&D in the automotive sector to ensure continuous technology up gradation, building better designing capacities to remain competitive.

·         Impetus to Alternative Fuel Vehicles through appropriate long term fiscal structure to facilitate their acceptance.

·         Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies and availability of appropriate auto fuels and encouragement to construction of safer bus/truck bodies - subjecting unorganised sector also to 16% excise duty on body building activity as in case of OEMs.

The government has recently proposed for an infrastructure that will provide one stop clearance for any kind of proposal for foreign direct investment in the automotive sector. This will include the local clearance system also for the same purpose. There are also plans for imposing a 100 % tax deduction on export profits. The government has also proposed for a concession in import duty for the establishment of new manufacturing units and industrial holdings.

 

 

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is gaining increasing ground in India. It is said that the 21st century belongs to this technology. Biotechnology is a frontier technology which has the potential to provide very substantial benefits to society in a wide range of sectors such as agriculture, medical and health, forestry, animal husbandry, environment protection, and improving the quality of products and services. The frontier technology is finding application in the field of healthcare, food, agriculture, horticulture, biopharmaceuticals, environmental protection, etc. The commercialisation of this technique for the betterment of mankind is poised to grow rapidly. The State is leading centre for Biotechnology and several global and Indian Biotechnological companies, global renowned research institutions.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the leading centre for Biotechnology and is known as Vaccine Capital of India. The Biotech industry is Andhra Pradesh accounts for 43% of the total biotech revenue generated by companies in South India. Hyderabad has become the Centre for International Bio Events like Bio India and Bio Asia. Technology will play a critical role in accelerating the pace of development in the State. Andhra Pradesh is endowed with rich bio-resources. There are 7 agro-climatic zones across the State, with 19 major food and commercial crops grown in different parts of the State. There are more than 5000 species of trees and, out of these, 2000 species are flowering trees. About 40 percent of the land is utilised for agriculture and 23 percent of the land is covered by forests in the State. Andhra Pradesh has unique proven expertise, commercial success and thus a competitive edge in biotechnology. With the increasing convergence of these technologies, Andhra Pradesh is poised to forge further ahead. In Agri-biotech, tissue culture for food crops and ornamental plants has been taken up in several parts of the state with considerable success.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the biotechnology sector as engine of economic growth and one of the thrust areas that has the potential to make a positive contribution to the life of the common man. The Government has consistently pursued proactive policies and undertaken several initiatives to support and promote the biotechnology sector in the State. Government of Andhra Pradesh has several firsts to its credits in the area of Bio sector. Key Highlights of the Policy:

·         Single Window Clearance System

·         Sales tax of 1%

·         Provision of rebate based on the employment opportunity created

·         To support the various initiatives being undertaken, the Government proposes to redraft the biotech policy and introduce positive changes that would enable an investor friendly environment.

 

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In A.P., the collection and transportation constitutes 80 to 95% of total budget of solid waste management, hence it forms key component in determining the economics of whole waste management. Besides other factors like collection and transportation time, routing, the design and carrying capacity of vehicles, types of bins will have bearing effect on the efficient waste management system. It is preferable to use vehicles having mechanical loading system and with closed system of having no dust/smell nuisance during the transportation.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

 

Petroleum, petrochemicals, Chemicals: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical industry in India is well established and has recorded a steady growth over the years. The industry offers a wide scope for development that contributes positively to economic growth and regional development. The future outlook for the industry is bright with positive developments anticipated in various chemical and sub-sectors. The Indian chemical industry is an integral component of the Indian economy contributing around 67% id Indian GDP (Gross Domestic Product). In terms of consumption the chemical Industry is its own largest customer and accounts for approximately 33% of the consumption. Chemical Industries are very important for the economy of any country. This is because; these Chemical Industries supply the farmers Pesticides and Fertilizers which are essential for crop growing. In this way Chemical Industries contribute to agriculture and food self sufficiency of every country.

RESOURCES;

Andhra Pradesh is identified to locate PCPIR (Petroleum, Chemical, and Petro-Chemical Investment Regions) near Visakhapatnam in an area of 250 Sq. Kms (62,000 acres).

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers, Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, and Government of India had prepared the PCPIR policy duly addressing the following issues and policy would be announced very shortly:

·         Feedstock availability and its pricing,

·         Incentives and package of the Government of  India,

·         Identification of location of PCPIRs,

·         legal framework for the PCPIR policy,

·         State’s commitment and their incentive  packages

·         Mechanism for inter-action with identified / prospective investor’s / developers.

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Active Pharma Ingredients Metformin and Ciprofloxacin Production Business

Metformin (also known as Glucophage) is an oral diabetes medication that helps the body use insulin more effectively and lower blood sugar levels. Metformin is a diabetes treatment that can be taken alone or with other diabetes drugs. It has no side effects like hypoglycemia or weight gain, which are common with other diabetic treatments. Metformin does not cure diabetes, but it can help you manage your blood sugar and lower your risk of problems if you take it as prescribed by your doctor. Metformin is the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes, especially in overweight individuals, and is sold under the brand names Glucophage and others. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is also treated with it (PCOS). It's taken orally and hasn't been linked to weight gain. It's sometimes used off-label to aid people who take antipsychotics or phenelzine avoid gaining weight. Metformin is a biguanide, which is a type of antihyperglycemic medication. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver, improving insulin sensitivity in body tissues, and increasing GDF15 secretion to reduce hunger and calorie intake. Metformin is a drug that is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes, sometimes known as sugar diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas' insulin is unable to carry sugar into the body's cells, where it can operate normally. Metformin can help lower blood sugar and restore the way you use food to make energy when it's too high, either alone or in combination with a type of oral antidiabetic medicine called a sulfonylurea, or insulin. Metformin is a drug that aids in the regulation of blood sugar levels in persons with type 2 diabetes. It's also used as a second-line treatment for infertility caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome. Infections of the urinary tract (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic) Ciprofloxacin is the active ingredient in Ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic. It prevents germs from copying their DNA, which is how it works. It's primarily used to treat infections of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, prostate gland, skin and soft tissue infections, and anthrax because of its broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, as well as its ability to penetrate bacterial biofilms and stationary phase cells in both aerobic and anaerobic environments. In 1983, Bayer A.G. developed ciprofloxacin, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1987. The FDA has licenced ciprofloxacin for 12 human and veterinary uses, however it is routinely used for unapproved reasons (off-label). Antibiotics, herbal and natural supplements, and thyroid therapies are among the medications that interact with ciprofloxacin. • Acute uncomplicated cystitis in women • Chronic bacterial prostatitis in men (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic choice) • Respiratory tract infections are less common (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic choice) • Acute sinusitis (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic choice) • Infections of the skin and the tissues that support it • Infections of the bones and joints • Infectious diarrhoea • Salmonella typhi-caused typhoid fever (enteric fever) Metformin hydrochloride API producers are strengthening their manufacturing capacities to lessen their reliance on China as anti-China sentiment grows in India. Due to interruptions in supplies from China as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, manufacturers have been ramping up domestic production of active medicinal components (APIs). Despite the fact that India is known as the world's pharmacy because to its vast production capabilities in generic pharmaceuticals and vaccines, China is proving to be a tough rival, accounting for half of worldwide API supply. Indian drug companies are seeking to domestic producers to minimise their reliance on China in the metformin hydrochloride API business, as ties between the two countries have improved since a deadly border clash in June 2020. The Indian ciprofloxacin market is likely to grow rapidly over the forecast period. The ciprofloxacin market in India is being driven by the increased prevalence of renal disorders and eye infections, among other things. Ciprofloxacin is a second-generation fluoroquinolone that is used to treat a range of ear infections, including otitis externa, which is expected to drive market growth through FY2026. In addition, the market is expected to grow in the next years as the demand for broad-spectrum antibiotics that can treat a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria grows. Key Players: • Aarti Drugs Ltd. • Abhilasha Pharma Pvt. Ltd. • Auro Laboratories Ltd. • Corvine Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. • Godavari Drugs Ltd. • Harman Finochem Ltd.
Plant capacity: Metformin: 2,000 Kgs. Per Day | Ciprofloxacin: 1,000 Kgs. Per DayPlant & machinery: 104 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 584 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Manufacturing Business of Plastic Optical Lenses

Traditional glass lenses can be replaced by plastic optical lenses. They're constructed of an inert, pliable polymer that allows you to design frames that don't distort your eyesight or disrupt your eye socket's natural shape. Because they're so light, you won't even notice you're wearing them! Optical lenses are light-focusing or diverging optical components that focus or diverge light. Optical lenses are used in a variety of fields, such as life sciences, photography, industry, and defence. The profile or substrate of a lens affects how light flows through it. A lens is a refractory transmissive optical device that alters the focal length of a light beam. A simple lens is made up of a single piece of material, whereas a compound lens is made up of numerous simple lenses (elements) connected by a common axis. Lenses are made of transparent materials that have been ground and polished into the right shape, such as glass. The great majority of lenses are spherical, with two sphere sections on each surface. Convex (bulging outwards from the lens), concave (depressed into the lens), or planar (no bulging outwardly from the lens) surfaces are possible (flat). The lens axis is the line that connects the centres of the spheres that make up the lens surfaces. A magnifying glass is a frame that contains a single convex lens and a handle or stand. Myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism, among other vision abnormalities, can be treated using lenses. Monoculars, binoculars, telescopes, microscopes, cameras, and projectors are some of the additional applications. When used on the human eye, some of these instruments provide a simulated image; others create a real image that may be captured on photographic film or an optical sensor, or displayed on a screen. The Abbe number refers to a lens's dispersion, which is the property most closely linked to its optical performance of all its properties. Lower Abbe numbers imply chromatic aberration (colour fringes above/below or to the left/right of a high contrast object), which is more common in larger diameter lenses with stronger prescriptions (4D or greater). Lower Abbe numbers are an inherent characteristic of mid and higher index lenses, regardless of the material employed. The Abbe number for a material at a specific refractive index formulation is called the Abbe value. So far, glass lenses have been employed in a wide range of applications. As a result of its brittleness and susceptibility to deterioration, plastic lenses have developed and grown in popularity. Plastic lenses beat glass lenses in terms of UV resistance, durability, and safety for use in sports or other high-intensity activities where the lens is likely to break. Plastic lenses can be coated with a variety of coatings to meet the needs of users. Optical lenses are optical components that concentrate or diverge light. Microscopes, binoculars, camera lenses, and telescopes are examples of optical lenses. Optical lenses are made of many materials, such as glass, polycarbonate, and plastic resins. Because of their multiple advantages and the increasing growth of optics-related industries, resin-based lenses are currently in the limelight. The Internet's widespread use has accelerated the adoption of mobile phones and televisions. As a result, an increasing number of people are experiencing vision issues and needing to utilise plastic lenses. These lenses feature a wide range of practical qualities, such as little distortion, shatter resistance, and strong breaking resistance, which has increased their popularity and demand significantly. Key Players • Appasamy Ocular Devices Pvt. Ltd. • Bausch & Lomb India Pvt. Ltd. • Eagle Optics Pvt. Ltd. • Essilor India Pvt. Ltd. • G K B Hi-Tech Lenses Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 20,000 Pairs per dayPlant & machinery: 10.27 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 14.73 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Manufacturing Business of Plastic Optical Lenses

Traditional glass lenses can be replaced by plastic optical lenses. They're constructed of an inert, pliable polymer that allows you to design frames that don't distort your eyesight or disrupt your eye socket's natural shape. Because they're so light, you won't even notice you're wearing them! Optical lenses are light-focusing or diverging optical components that focus or diverge light. Optical lenses are used in a variety of fields, such as life sciences, photography, industry, and defence. The profile or substrate of a lens affects how light flows through it. A lens is a refractory transmissive optical device that alters the focal length of a light beam. A simple lens is made up of a single piece of material, whereas a compound lens is made up of numerous simple lenses (elements) connected by a common axis. Lenses are made of transparent materials that have been ground and polished into the right shape, such as glass. The great majority of lenses are spherical, with two sphere sections on each surface. Convex (bulging outwards from the lens), concave (depressed into the lens), or planar (no bulging outwardly from the lens) surfaces are possible (flat). The lens axis is the line that connects the centres of the spheres that make up the lens surfaces. A magnifying glass is a frame that contains a single convex lens and a handle or stand. Myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism, among other vision abnormalities, can be treated using lenses. Monoculars, binoculars, telescopes, microscopes, cameras, and projectors are some of the additional applications. When used on the human eye, some of these instruments provide a simulated image; others create a real image that may be captured on photographic film or an optical sensor, or displayed on a screen. The Abbe number refers to a lens's dispersion, which is the property most closely linked to its optical performance of all its properties. Lower Abbe numbers imply chromatic aberration (colour fringes above/below or to the left/right of a high contrast object), which is more common in larger diameter lenses with stronger prescriptions (4D or greater). Lower Abbe numbers are an inherent characteristic of mid and higher index lenses, regardless of the material employed. The Abbe number for a material at a specific refractive index formulation is called the Abbe value. So far, glass lenses have been employed in a wide range of applications. As a result of its brittleness and susceptibility to deterioration, plastic lenses have developed and grown in popularity. Plastic lenses beat glass lenses in terms of UV resistance, durability, and safety for use in sports or other high-intensity activities where the lens is likely to break. Plastic lenses can be coated with a variety of coatings to meet the needs of users. Optical lenses are optical components that concentrate or diverge light. Microscopes, binoculars, camera lenses, and telescopes are examples of optical lenses. Optical lenses are made of many materials, such as glass, polycarbonate, and plastic resins. Because of their multiple advantages and the increasing growth of optics-related industries, resin-based lenses are currently in the limelight. The Internet's widespread use has accelerated the adoption of mobile phones and televisions. As a result, an increasing number of people are experiencing vision issues and needing to utilise plastic lenses. These lenses feature a wide range of practical qualities, such as little distortion, shatter resistance, and strong breaking resistance, which has increased their popularity and demand significantly. Key Players • Appasamy Ocular Devices Pvt. Ltd. • Bausch & Lomb India Pvt. Ltd. • Eagle Optics Pvt. Ltd. • Essilor India Pvt. Ltd. • G K B Hi-Tech Lenses Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 20,000 Pairs per dayPlant & machinery: 10.27 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 14.73 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Recycling of Lithium Ion Battery Business

The popularity of smart phones and tablets has resulted in a significant increase in the demand for lithium ion batteries in recent years. Because these gadgets contain hazardous elements that must be properly disposed of to avoid contamination of the environment, it is now more important than ever to recycle these batteries. Most commercial lithium ion batteries contain transition metal oxides or phosphates, aluminium, copper, graphite, organic electrolytes containing poisonous lithium salts, and other chemicals. As a result, an increasing number of scientists are concentrating their efforts on the recycling and repurposing of spent lithium ion batteries. However, recycling expended lithium ion batteries is difficult due to their high energy density, greater safety, and low cost. Lithium-ion batteries are becoming increasingly popular. Cell phones, computers, consumer gadgets, and certain industrial applications already use them. They're used in telecom towers, solar storage systems, and electric automobiles. Lithium-ion batteries should be recycled for a variety of reasons, according to battery experts and environmentalists. The recovered materials might be utilised to build new batteries, cutting production costs. These components now account for more than half of the cost of a battery. The most expensive components of the cathode, cobalt and nickel, have seen significant price changes in recent years. The removal of any plastic, rubber, or metal pieces is the first stage in recycling a lithium ion battery. These parts are sold as raw materials after being separated from the remainder of the waste stream. The next stage is to separate all metals, which is usually done by electrolysis, which produces an acid solution that dissolves metals while leaving the bulk of other components behind. Batteries can be dismantled into groups of similar materials and reused without any additional processing. Cobalt and nickel, for example, could be employed in new batteries or as semiconductor components. Steel is created from manganese and iron, and aluminium is delivered to aluminium smelters. Despite the fact that chromium is infrequently recovered for use in steel manufacturing, it is most commonly used as a high-purity alloying agent. Lithium waste does not react with other chemicals, thus it can be disposed of properly in landfills or resold to manufacturers who will reuse it after separation. India's lithium-ion battery sector is expected to grow quickly over the next five years. One of the primary steps taken by the Indian government to drive the growth of this sector is the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020, which forecasts 6-7 million electric vehicles on Indian roads by 2020 and a target of 175 GW renewable energy installation by 2022. India's annual lithium-ion battery market is expected to increase at a 37.5 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from now until 2030, when it would reach 132 GWh, according to projections. By 2030, the market for lithium-ion batteries will have grown from 2.9 gigawatt-hours in 2018 to around 800 gigawatt-hours. India's goal to transition from fossil fuel-based vehicles to electric vehicles (EVs) would drive up demand for batteries in the coming years. The lithium-ion battery (LiB) is now the most suitable alternative among the various existing battery technologies. With today's recycling technology, valuable metals including cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, graphite, and aluminium can be recovered up to 90%. These make up around 50-60% of the total battery cost, with cobalt being the most expensive.
Plant capacity: Copper: 1.4 MT Per Day | Aluminium: 0.8 MT Per Day | Graphite: 1.8 MT Per Day | Carbon Black: 0.3 MT Per Day | Lithium Cobalt Oxide: 2.5 MT Per Day | Plastic: 0.2 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 200 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 422 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Start Bamboo Fiber & Yarn Manufacturing Business

Bamboo is a member of the Gramineae family, which includes over 90 genera and 1200 species. Bamboo is indigenous to the tropical and subtropical regions between 46° north and 47° south latitude in Africa, Asia, Central America, and South America. Several species from Europe and North America may also be able to thrive in moderately temperate climates. Bamboo is a plant that can grow in a variety of climates and soil types. Bamboo is a type of agroforestry crop that can be grown on terrain that isn't ideal for farming or forestry. Because the culms are hollow, they are light and may be collected and moved without the necessity of special equipment or trucks, unlike wood. It quickly separates for weaving, making it easy to handle for men and women alike. Bamboo is commonly planted on farms outside of the forest, where it is easier to handle. Processing typically does not necessitate highly specialised labour or unique expertise, and it can be started at a low cost by rural poor people. Bamboo's popularity and trade have grown in recent years. Bathrobes • Towels • Bedclothes • T-shirts • Socks • Sweaters • Summer Clothing • Mats • Curtains are all made of bamboo fibre yarn. Certain varieties can reach a height of one metre every day. Bamboo grass can be as small as one foot (30 cm) tall or as large as 100 feet tall bamboo wood plants (30 meters). Bamboo plants grow on every continent and are economically and culturally significant. Bamboo fibre and yarn are created from bamboo plants, which are grasses that thrive in tropical climates around the world. Bamboo fibre and yarn are gaining popularity because of their environmental friendliness, durability, softness, and washability, as well as their antibacterial characteristics. Bamboo fibre and yarn, on the other hand, must be processed extensively before being utilised. Bamboo fibre and yarn are created from bamboo plants, which are grasses that thrive in tropical climates around the world. Bamboo fibre and yarn are gaining popularity because of their environmental friendliness, durability, softness, and washability, as well as their antibacterial characteristics. Bamboo fibre is made from the stalks of bamboo plants, which can be found in tropical and subtropical areas all over the world. Textiles made from these stalks have been woven in Asia for thousands of years, dating back to the Han Dynasty (200 BC-AD 200), but the rest of the world has only recently discovered their beauty. Bamboo fibre is used in a variety of applications, including bathroom textiles, medicinal and hygienic clothes, bamboo fashion, and home furnishings. They are antifungal and antibacterial, have a flat surface, and are as thin as hairs. Despite growing concerns regarding its manufacturing volume, bamboo fibre demand is increasing as a result of a growing focus on environmentally friendly textile production. Increasing public awareness about environmental sustainability and conservation, as well as rising demand for natural fabrics, are expected to boost market demand throughout the forecast period. In the medium term, the usage of breakthrough eco-fiber production technologies such as enzyme technology, foam technology, and plasma technology is likely to bring up new prospects. The global Bamboo Fibers market was worth million US dollars in 2018 and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of between 2019 and 2025 to reach million US dollars by the end of 2025. Key Players • Amarjothi Spinning Mills Ltd. • Cheran Spinner Pvt. Ltd. • Gillanders Arbuthnot & Co. Ltd. • H P Cotton Textile Mills Ltd. • Lakshmi Mills Co. Ltd. • Wearit Global Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6,666 Kgs Per Day Plant & machinery: 273 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 725 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Start Printed Circuit Board (PCBs) Production Business

PCBs are used extensively in modern electronic products such as computers, telephones, televisions, and even smaller electronic devices such as smart watches and fitness trackers. Printed wiring boards (PWBs) are critical components that include a foundation board that supports all other parts and circuitry, as well as a patterned layer of electrical tracks printed on top. The four major components of a printed circuit board (PCB) are: • Substrate (optional): The substrate, which is usually constructed of fibreglass, is the first and most crucial phase. Fiberglass is employed in the PCB's core because it strengthens it and helps it withstand fracture. Consider the substrate to be the "skeleton" of the PCB. • Copper Layer: This layer can be copper foil or a full-on copper covering, depending on the board type. Regardless of which method is utilised, the copper's function is the same: it transmits electrical signals from the PCB to the brain and muscles, just like your nervous system. • Solder Mask: The solder mask, a polymer layer that protects the copper from short-circuiting when it comes into contact with the environment, is the third component of the PCB. The solder mask serves as the PCB's "skin" in this situation. • Silkscreen: The silkscreen is the final component on the circuit board. Part numbers, logos, symbols, switch settings, component reference, and test locations are commonly silkscreened on the component side of the board. The silkscreen is also referred to as Television sets, transistor sets, radios, amplifiers, ampligrams, stereo amplifiers, voltage stabilisers, calculators, communications equipment, power supply, public address equipment, computers, and defence and other research organisations all employ printed circuit boards. On today's PCBs, component connection leads are commonly in the shape of a little foot. As a result, they can be immediately soldered to the copper tracks and placed on the same side. This not only saves money by avoiding costly drilling and track hookups through the board, but it also allows for the use of surface mounting devices (SMDS), which are often smaller and potentially less expensive than their traditional counterparts and allow for significantly higher component packing density. Capacitors and resistors are the most common components found in SMD form. These are little rectangular blocks with metal caps on the ends that connect all of the interior electrodes. There are no cables connecting the components. PCBs can be found in practically every electronic product, from consumer electronics like PCs, tablets, cellphones, and gaming consoles to industrial and even high-tech items in the strategic and medical electronics industries. Given the importance of the PCB business in the electronics manufacturing ecosystem, an article titled 'How will the Indian PCB industry grow?' was published in the April 2016 issue of Electronics Bazaar, and included the perspectives of key industry stakeholders. The Indian market is unique in compared to the rest of the world. Because flexible circuits may reduce form factor and eliminate connectors, they are predicted to grow far faster in the worldwide market than rigid PCBs. Most Indian PCB producers, on the other hand, concentrate on single-sided, double-sided, and multi-layered PCBs with four to eight layers. The Indian electronics industry is one of the world's fastest expanding, with domestic manufacturing exceeding $100 billion and expected to reach $400 billion by 2022. As a result, the PCB industry will see significant growth. According to an ELCINA analysis, PCB consumption in the residential market is predicted to expand at a CAGR of 20.56 percent from 2015 to 2020, reaching over US$ 6 billion by 2020, up from US$ 2.38 billion currently. Key Players: • Akasaka Electronics Ltd. (2002) • Akasaka Electronics Ltd. • Amara Raja Electronics Ltd. • Ample Circuit Pvt. Ltd. • At & S India Pvt. Ltd. • B I T Mapper Integration Technologies Pvt. Ltd. • B L G Electronics Ltd.
Plant capacity: Multilayer High Density Interconnect PCBs: 40 SqMtrs. Per Day Multilayer Flex PCBs: 40 SqMtrs. Per Day | Multilayer High Power PCBs: 40 SqMtrs. Per DayPlant & machinery: 260 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 594 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Start Manufacturing Business of AAC Blocks from Silica Sand & Lime Stone Powder

The novel building material autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) is employed in construction. It is both environmentally friendly and provides good insulation. Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC), also known as autoclaved cellular concrete (ACC) or simply autoclaved concrete, is a high-strength material manufactured by injecting steam into wet, raw concrete mixes. The shape and size of the air-filled cells created by the aeration process may vary depending on how the concrete mix is prepared and placed in moulds prior to steam injection. Because of its adaptability, AAC can be used for floor slabs, wall panels, acoustic dividers, ceiling tiles, patio covers, and even furniture. Aerated concrete (AAC) is a complete building system consisting of panels and blocks that can be used in residential, commercial, and industrial structures. AAC is a green building material that is fire-resistant, thermally efficient, solid-structured, and simple to work with. AAC has a long history in the construction industry and has established itself as a significant participant. For about 40 years, our country has been creating aerated methods, and their technological abilities and equipment are continually improving. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks have a high strength-to-weight ratio, low thermal conductivity, temperature and humidity stability, and fire resistance. It can be used in larger construction units due to its low density, which is a considerable benefit in prefabrication. In multi-story structures, significant foundation load savings are realised. As a result, in some industrialised countries, it's becoming more popular as a walling unit. Residential, multistory buildings, commercial, and industrial developments can all benefit from AAC. Natural elements such as sand, lime, and water are used to create the items. These raw components are combined to create a substance with a significant number of air pores, which is known as aerated concrete. The stiff structure of calcium silicate hydrate and the fine holes (almost 70% of the product) give AAC its excellent material characteristics. "The construction industry's autoclaved aerated concrete sector is now through a substantial expansion cycle. Because customers are looking for lower pricing, the autoclaved aerated concrete industry must compete. Although AAC is not a new construction method, it is being employed in India for the first time. Autoclaved aerated concrete ("AAC") is one of many "green" or "environmentally friendly" building materials available today, however it is still relatively obscure in India. AAC is a type of lightweight prefabricated stone. Natural aerated concrete (AAC) is a type of aerated concrete that is utilised in a variety of commercial, industrial, and residential applications. By using less material and producing less waste and pollution, AAC saves time and money. Last year, the Indian government approved 100 percent foreign direct investment in integrated township development. After China, India is currently the second most popular FDI destination. This industry will benefit from a big and expanding middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing lifestyle, lower living costs, and so on. As a result of industrialization, urbanisation, economic development, and people's rising expectations for improved quality of life, the Indian construction industry, which is an integral part of the economy and a conduit for a significant portion of the country's development investment, is poised for growth in the coming years. The volume of cement and AAC commodities provided to the broader Indian market in a given period is referred to as the market size of cement and AAC. As a result, supply rather than demand determines market size. Between 2020 and 2025, the global autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 6.0 percent, from USD 18.8 billion in 2020 to USD 25.2 billion in 2025. The market is being driven by increasing urbanisation and industrialization, infrastructural growth, higher demand for lightweight construction materials, expanding preferences for low-cost housing, and a growing focus on green and soundproof buildings. Because of increased demand for AAC blocks in both residential and non-residential enterprises, the blocks element is the largest and fastest-growing category. In addition to their insulating properties, AAC blocks have the advantage of being quick and easy to install, as the material can be routed, sanded, and cut to size on site. In terms of volume, non-residential is predicted to be the fastest-growing end-use industry in the AAC market in the next years. Aesthetics and functionality are the two most important factors to consider when designing a company organisation. AAC is the second most often used building material in the earth, after concrete. AAC is frequently produced in the form of blocks or panels. AAC blocks, unlike concrete masonry units, are solid and do not have moulded core holes. Key Players • Ashoka Pre-Con Pvt. Ltd. • Baliapatam Tiles & Business Ventures Ltd. • Biltech Building Elements Ltd. • Gannon Dunkerley & Co. Ltd. • H I L Ltd. • J K Lakshmi Cement Ltd. • Keltech Energies Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300 Cu.Mtres Per DayPlant & machinery: 600 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 1070 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Production Business of Glass Vials for Medicine (for Cosmetic & Other Injectable)

Glass vials are commonly used to package liquid medicines, elixirs, and other commodities that must be delivered in small quantities. Glass vial packaging is more convenient to use than plastic bottles or cardboard boxes, and it offers additional advantages such as safety, mobility, and other advantages. Vials are small glass containers that can be used to hold chemicals and food in addition to chilled medicine. To be effective, liquids, dry powders, and lyophilized substances in vials must be reconstituted before use. Because vials are the most frequent type of packaging for injectable medicines and vaccines, they are exposed to a wide variety of temperatures throughout their lives. Despite the availability of plastic vials, glass vials are extensively used in medicine to package liquids such as vaccinations and other medications. They're often packaged in brown bottles with screw-on caps, though some people prefer plastic vials to glass bottles because glass bottles can be harmful if dropped or damaged. Plastic or glass vials are commonly used in modern containers. They're commonly employed in medical and molecular biology applications to hold small amounts of liquid. Closure systems come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and they're all used on a regular basis. Screw vials (closed with a screw cap or dropper/pipette), lip vials (closed with a cork or plastic stopper), and crimp vials (closed with a cork or plastic stopper) are all examples of glass vials (closed with a rubber stopper and a metal cap). With plastic vials, other closure methods, such as 'hinge caps,' which snap shut when pressure is applied, can be used. Other names for them are flip-tops and snap caps. Vials are most commonly used in the medical field. They're utilised to organise diagnoses and specimens. Swabs are kept in tubes, which are similar to vials. In the criminal court system, forensic labs frequently use vials. The entomology division of the forensics division investigates insects and violent crimes. Killing jars are small jars used to collect and kill insects with minimal injury. In certain facilities, insects are raised from eggs kept in clear vials, allowing for more accurate monitoring of the growth process. Vials are also used by criminal investigators to try to keep crime scenes clean. Glass is still the ideal material for storing sensitive medications and injectables, and it's also used extensively in general laboratory applications. Glass shields medicines and formulations from light and moisture while allowing them to last a long time on the shelf. Glass transports some of the world's most precious liquids, from scorpion venom to insulin. Benefits of Glass Vial: The smooth, transparent surface of a glass vial allows you to visually evaluate the contents for contamination or degradation. One of the reasons why glass is the most commonly utilised container material for injectable liquids is because of this. Borosilicate glass is chemically inert, with the exception of a few acids, and will not react with other chemicals. As a result, you won't have to worry about your samples being damaged by borosilicate glass, and you can count on a lengthy shelf life. Due to its low coefficient of thermal expansion, borosilicate glass is less susceptible to thermal shock than other materials. Borosilicate glass is good for chromatography because of its characteristics. The India Glass Packaging Market is estimated to develop at a CAGR of 6.94 percent over the forecast period. Packaging manufacturing and production, as well as related enterprises, are only active in a few countries where packaging makes a significant contribution to GDP. The focus has shifted away from the country's glass packagers and toward the pharmaceutical industry. Vitamins, pharmaceuticals, and other goods stored in glass vials will not lose their aroma or taste since glass is nonporous. It decreases the possibility of evaporation or contamination from items trapped in the pores of a container. Glass is made from a variety of basic resources, including sand, and is reusable and sustainable. You can feel good about using glass vials because you're helping to save the environment. The Global Vials Market was valued at USD 3,200.2 million in 2021, and it is expected to increase at a CAGR of 6.8% over the next five years. North America is the largest market for vials. The Global Vials Market was valued at USD 3,200.2 million in 2021, and it is expected to increase at a CAGR of 6.8% over the next five years. Vials have been the standard packaging for drugs for many years and are expected to continue to be so in the future. India's pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries employ the world's second-largest workforce. The pharmaceutical business is predicted to grow in size during the next decade, according to the Indian Economic Survey 2021. The pharmaceutical market in the country is expected to grow from USD 41 billion in 2021 to USD 65 billion in 2024, and then to USD 120-130 billion by 2030. Key Players: • Elder Projects Ltd. • Haldyn Glass Ltd. • Hindusthan National Glass & Inds. Ltd. • Makcur Laboratories Ltd. • Nipro Tube Glass Pvt. Ltd. • S G D Pharma India Pvt. Ltd. • Schott Kaisha Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 2,00,000 Pcs Per DayPlant & machinery: 24 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 34 Cr
Return: 23.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Start Production Business of Micronutrient Fortified Energy Dense Food

Energy Dense Food with Micronutrient Fortification ensures that you obtain all of the critical micronutrients you need to stay healthy and eat well. Micronutrient Fortified Energy Dense Food adds vitamins A, C, B12, zinc, and iron to food and meals to give consumers the most nutritional options at every meal of the day. Deficits in one or more micronutrients, such as iron, zinc, and vitamin A, are common in low- and middle-income nations, putting millions of people's physical and mental health at danger. Fortification of foods is a low-cost method that has been shown to benefit health, the economy, and society. Food fortification has grown in popularity in LMICs over the last two decades for a variety of reasons, including increased urbanisation and rising household spending power, which has led to a greater reliance on processed foods by a larger proportion of the population. Iron insufficiency kills 0.8 million people per year (1.5 percent of all deaths), whereas vitamin A deficiency kills a similar number of people, resulting in a large number of lives lost. According to a large body of research, LSFF appears to have public health implications in both HICs and LMICs. According to a recent review of 50 trials in LMICs, iodine, folic acid, vitamin A, and iron fortification resulted in significant decreases in serious disease. Several country-level studies on the effect of food fortification on micronutrient status have yielded encouraging results. The market for micronutrient fortified foods is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.1 percent from 2021 to 2026, reaching $172.4 million in 2020. Foods that have been supplemented with nutrients that aren't naturally present in them are known as fortified foods. These foods are designed to provide nutrition as well as health benefits. Calcium could be added to fruit juice extracts because vitamin D is commonly supplemented in milk. As a result of fortified food consumption, common nutrient-deficiency ailments such as rickets and pellagra have practically vanished, and this driver is propelling the fortified foods market forward over the projected period of 2021-2026. While mandatory food fortification has been used in high-income countries (HIC) to prevent micronutrient deficiencies since the 1920s in Europe and North America—when the first salt was iodized—it is still uncommon in LMICs, where food systems are failing to deliver nutritionally adequate diets due to the production and consumption of only a few major starchy food crops (maize, rice, wheat) with low micronutrient content and/or bioavailability.
Plant capacity: 1600 Kgs Per DayPlant & machinery: 23 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 56 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 65.00%
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Ethanol from Broken Rice Production

Ethanol is a colourless, transparent liquid with a distinctive and pleasant odour. It has a moderately pleasant flavour in dilute aqueous solutions, but a scorching flavour in more concentrated solutions. Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) is a chemical substance with a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to a carbon atom in each of its molecules. Ethanol is a colourless, combustible, and mildly poisonous chemical molecule found in alcoholic beverages. It is also known as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol, or grain alcohol. It is commonly referred to as "alcohol" in everyday discourse. EtOH, CH3CH2OH, and C2H5OH, as well as the empirical formula C2H6O, are some of its chemical formulae (which it shares with diethyl ether). Carbohydrates have been fermented to produce ethanol since prehistoric times. This approach continues to produce all ethanol for human use as well as more than half of the ethanol used in industry. The raw ingredient is simple sugars. The yeast enzyme zymase converts simple carbohydrates to ethanol and carbon dioxide. Ethanol can be used as a standalone vehicle fuel or combined with gasoline to form "gasohol." The most common ethanol-to-gasoline blends have 10% and 85% ethanol, respectively. In the United States, about 1 billion gallons of ethanol are combined with gasoline each year. A 10% ethanol mixture will run OK in the majority of spark-ignited gasoline engines. The majority of spark-ignited gasoline engines will run fine with a 10% ethanol mixture. Most spark-ignited gasoline style engines will run well with mixtures of 10% ethanol. Anhydrous ethanol (ethanol with less than 1% water) can be blended with gasoline in varying amounts up to pure ethanol (E100), and most spark-ignited gasoline style engines will run well with mixtures of 10% ethanol (E10). The majority of cars on the road in the United States now can operate on ethanol mixes of up to 10%, and 10% ethanol fuel is required in some cities where harmful levels of auto emissions are feasible. The most common application of ethanol is in the manufacture of gasoline. The amount of greenhouse gases released during combustion is lowered when a fraction of bioethanol is added to conventional gasoline. In Europe, bioethanol blends with 5 to 10% bioethanol by volume are frequently utilised. E5 or E10 is the designation for the resulting fuel. Far larger combinations, up to and including 100 percent bioethanol vehicle operation, are typical in other parts of the world, such as South America. Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) can run on any combination of gasoline, methanol, or ethanol. Ethanol is also utilised in the manufacturing of paints, inks, varnishes, and alkyd resins, as well as as a heat bearer, in aerosols, and in the offshore industries, to name a few. Ethanol is used as a flavour enhancer, in winemaking, and as a foundation for a variety of drinks and confectionery. One of the most often used chemicals in medications is ethanol. Cough syrup, medical capsules, and disinfectants all contain it as a solvent and chemical reactant. Due to increased ethanol usage in sectors such as fuel additives and beverages, the India ethanol market is expected to rise from $ 2.50 billion in 2018 to $ 7.38 billion by 2024, with a CAGR of 14.50 percent from 2019 to 2024. Ethanol is a prevalent alcoholic beverage that can be found in a variety of forms such as beer, cider, wine, spirits, and ale. In an effort to minimise the country's reliance on imported crude oil, the Indian government is pressuring sugar growers to manufacture ethanol for Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs). According to the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027, demand for biofuels is shifting to emerging economies, which are rapidly establishing policies to promote the domestic biofuels sector. Furthermore, according to market projections, developing countries will account for 84 percent of worldwide ethanol demand growth. Several countries have mandatory blending legislation that require a certain quantity of ethanol and biodiesel to be used in transportation fuel. In 2019, the global demand for industrial ethanol is expected to reach around 116.9 billion litres. Between 2020 and 2025, demand is expected to grow at a CAGR of 2.5 percent, reaching a volume of around 135.5 billion litres. Chemicals, medications, plastics, and the beverage sector, which includes cosmetics, paints, cleaning products, and alcoholic beverages, account for approximately 13-15 percent of overall ethanol consumption. Key Players: • Ammana Bio Pharma Ltd. • Ghaziabad Organics Ltd. • India Glycols Ltd. • Jeypore Sugar Co. Ltd. • Piccadily Sugar & Allied Inds. Ltd. • Shamanur Sugars Ltd.
Plant capacity: Ethanol: 30 Units per day | Cattle feed as by Product: 27 Units per dayPlant & machinery: 24 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 39 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 41.00%
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