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Mining, Quarrying, Mineral and Ore Processing, Coal, Iron Ore, Limestone, Chromite and Granite Mining Projects

India is home to a myriad of metals and minerals. Globally, the country is the largest producer of sheet mica, the third largest producer of coal, the fourth largest producer of iron ore and the fifth largest producer of bauxite. Besides these natural resources, India also hosts significant reserves of copper, zinc, gold and about 26 other metallic and minor minerals. The Indian mining sector is largely state-dominated, but the government is now seeking a phased withdrawal of its participation from the non-strategic metal sector in order to encourage private players to take the centre stage.

The vast bulk of our built environment is formed from raw materials won from the earth by the extractive industries.  Without the raw materials with which to build houses, hospitals, schools, factories, roads, etc., life would certainly be more basic and less comfortable than we presently experience. Quarrying or mining is an important practice in India. A quarry is a type of open surface working from which virgin rock or minerals are extracted, each quarry is very different and will use different types of quarry equipment. The design and general running operation of a quarry depends on the type of rock being extracted, the general environment surrounding the quarry, the size of the quarry and the geography and geology of the general area.Drilling and blasting are two important parts of the quarrying process. Marble, granite, sandstone, gravel, limestone etc are all quarried. Stone quarrying is the multistage process by which rock is extracted from the ground and crushed to produce aggregate, which is then screened into the sizes required for immediate use, or for further processing.

Mineral processingis the practice of beneficiating valuable minerals from their ores. Industrial mineral treatment processes usually combine a number of unit operations in order to liberate and separate minerals by exploiting the differences in physical properties of the different minerals that make up an ore. Mineral processing involves four general types of operations: comminution or particle size reduction, sizing or separation of particle sizes by screening or classification, concentration by taking advantage of physical and surface chemical properties, and dewatering or solid/liquid separation. Ore processingis generally crushing and separating ore into valuable substances or waste by any of a variety of techniques. The processing of the ore is often just as challenging and expensive, which takes place in refineries, smelters and mills.

India’s mining sector will continue to post impressive over the forecast period driven by strong domestic demand. The long-term prospects of the sector like that of the Indian economy remain very positive. However, in 2009 growth in US dollar terms stood at just 1.6%, while growth in 2009 is expected to be negligible as the global economic crisis impacts exports in key sectors such as iron ore, bauxite and copper. The market should return to strength in 2010, and by 2013, it is forecast by analyst that the mining industry will reach a total value of US$45.40billion. In April 2009, it was reported by Bloomberg that Indian iron ore exports would drop by at least 25% in the fiscal year, after competitors began offering major price discounts.

India has one of the largest reserves ofgranite in the world and exported Rs 2,600 crore (Rs 26 billion) worth of thestone last year. Granite exports this fiscal are expected to touch Rs 2,800 crore (Rs 28 billion) and nearly one-fourth of these exports is accounted for by monument stones.

Indian granite exports have declined 33 per cent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. The sector, which relies heavily on American and European demand, was among the first to feel the heat of the sub-prime crisis. Its export revenues fell steeply in 2007-08, even before there were visible signs of a slowdown in Indian housing and industry.

According to data provided by CAPEXIL, the value of granite export from India was Rs 2,738 crore in 2008-09, compared with Rs 4,086 crore in 2006-07. In 2007-08, the export value stood at Rs 3,367 crore. In terms of volume, the country exported 30 lakh tonnes of granite in 2008-09, compared with 31 lakh tonnes in 2006-07. In 2007-08, it was 34.12 lakh tonnes. Unlike the trend with respect to values, volumes actually rose in 2007-08, but fell below 2006-07 levels in 2008-09.

What perhaps explains the increase in volumes in 2007-08 is that polished granite, which commands a better price, was substituted by semi-finished blocks. Yet, prices in the latter category remained unattractive, reflecting the severity of the recession. Volumes increased by 10.2 per cent in 2007-08 over the previous year, while revenue earned from exports decreased by 17.6 per cent this year. The decline in export earnings and volumes was more pronounced in 2008-09. Export fell 18.7 per cent in value terms, while volumes were down 12.1 per cent. Exports revenue largely remained flat at Rs 1478.95 crore in 2009, compared with RS 1479.44 crore in 2008. In 2007, it was Rs 1703.37 crore. Granite accounts for 10 per cent of India’s minerals’ output. Over the last three decades the Indian granite industry has modernized to global standards. Sculptures and monuments made in India are being exported all over the world.

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Quartz Slabs - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Engineered stone is a composite material made of crushed stone bound together by an adhesive, (most commonly polymer resin, with some newer versions using cement mix). The two common stones used in producing these products are marbles and quartz. The application of these products depends on the original stone used. For engineered marbles the most common application is indoor flooring and walls, while the quartz based product is used primarily for kitchen countertops. Quartz is the most abundant mineral on Earth and one of the hardest, so it is "hardly" surprising that manufacturers saw its great potential for a surface material more than 50 years ago. Since that time, quartz countertops have grown in popularity as homeowners discovered what the earliest quartz pioneers knew - when the natural mineral quartz is improved upon by man's ingenuity, quartz countertops can compete with other natural stone countertops in every way. Engineered quartz (not to be confused with Quartzite, another appealing natural stone used as counters) is a manmade product created mostly from natural materials. It’s made of 90 to 94 percent ground quartz and 6 to 10 percent resins and pigments that are combined into durable and nonporous slabs. The strength of quartz, even in a manufactured form, makes it naturally resistant to abrasion, scratches, dents, and even acids without the need for sealants. And the environmental impact of manufactured quartz is low: Quartz is an abundant material and the finished product is nontoxic and nonallergenic, and will last a lifetime, reducing the need for replacement. Quartz countertops quickly became popular in Italy, and have been featured in European kitchens for decades to follow. It took longer for the trend to catch on in the United States - this may be explained in various ways: trends and fashions that originate abroad often take time to trickle to the U.S., or, more likely, American homeowners were satisfied with our current options at the time (laminate was the predominant surface in the 60s and 70s) and were not inclined to embrace a material that looked so similar to widely available natural stone options like granite, marble and limestone. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aakash Universal Ltd. • Associated Marmo & Granites Ltd. • Elegant Marbles & Grani Inds. Ltd. • Inani Marbles & Inds. Ltd. • Madhav Marbles & Granites Ltd. • Mahak Marbles Pvt. Ltd. • Mira Textiles & Inds. (India) Ltd. • N C L Marbles & Granites Ltd. • Neelmani Mines & Marbles Ltd. • Pokarna Engineered Stone Ltd. • Polar Marmo Agglomerates Ltd. • Priceless Overseas Ltd. • Rose Marbles Pvt. Ltd. • S V I L Mines Ltd. • Shreeji Industries Ltd. • Shrenik Marbles Ltd. • Sukher Marbles Ltd. • Tamil Nadu Minerals Ltd. • Vineet Udyog Ltd.
Plant capacity: Quartz Slabs (760 x 2440 x 15 mm):60 Nos/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 101 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 350 Lakhs
Return: 26.58%Break even: 51.79%
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Production of different grades of Lime from Limestone (Technical Grade Lime, Refractory Grade Lime, Agriculture Grade Lime, FCC Grade Lime) Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey

Lime is manufactured from lime stone. Lime is mainly used for manufacture of hydrated lime. Hydrated lime is a dry powder obtained by treating quick lime with water. It consists essentially of calcium hydroxide and some magnesium hydroxide. The project envisages production of lime by calcinations of limestone on vertical oil fired kiln. This lime, chemical grade, having purity exceeding 85% is vastly superior to lime made by country kiln or bhatta. Quick lime of high purity is used in various other chemical industries under the chemical name lime. It is also the starting material for the manufacture of precipitated calcium carbonate on the activated calcium carbonate. Market Outlook The U.S. lime market is estimated to register a value CAGR of 3.7% during the forecast period 2016–2026. The global lime market was valued at US$44.84 bn in 2015 and is expected to be worth US$76.48 bn by the end of 2024. During the forecast period of 2016 and 2024, the global market is expected to surge at a CAGR of 6.2%. 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Plant capacity: 600 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 131 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project 548 Lakhs
Return: 24.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Bentonite (Quarrying, Processing & Exporting)

Bentonite comes under the speciality of clay (Aluminium Hydrosilicate), which has large used in the chemical industries, oil refineries industries, cosmetics industry. A particular feature of this group of minerals is the substitutions of Si4+ and Al3+ in the crystal structure by lower valency cations. Calcium bentonite is a useful adsorbent of ions in solution, as well as fats and oils. A colloidal native hydrated aluminium Silicate (clay) consist principally of montmoillonite Al2O3, 4SiO2 H2O usually contains some magnesium, iron and calcium carbonate. The global market for bentonite offered an opportunity worth US$1.42 bn in 2015. Researchers anticipate it to rise at a CAGR of 3.0% from 2016 to 2024 and reach a value of US$1.85 bn by the end of 2024. By 2025 India may consume 30-34 million tons of oil. 2016-2017 edible non-edible imports expected 15 million tones. The global activated bleaching earth market to grow with a CAGR of 4.0% over the period of 2017 - 2023 The study on activated bleaching earth market covers the analysis of the leading geographies such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Row for the period of 2015 to 2023. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian major players are as under • Ashapura Minechem Ltd. • Bituminex Cochin Pvt. Ltd. • Earth International Pvt. Ltd. • Gimpex Pvt. Ltd. • Jamipol Ltd. • Laviosa India Pvt. Ltd. • Neelkanth Rockminerals Ltd.
Plant capacity: ABE Dry Process Bentonite: 720 MT/Day ABE Wet Process Bentonite: 60 MT/Day Sodium Grade Bentonite: 74 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 1994 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 6132 lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 32.00%
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Business Investment Opportunities in Bentonite (Quarrying, Processing & Exporting)

Business Investment Opportunities in Bentonite (Quarrying, Processing & Exporting). Profitable Business Ideas in Clay and Minerals Industry Bentonite is the commercial name of a whole range of natural clays with a high water absorption capacity causing it to expand and swell. Bentonite predominantly consists of montmorillonite: a clay mineral belonging to a class of phyllosilicates called smectites. Bentonites may contain a variety of accessory minerals in addition to montmorillonite. These may include lesser amounts of other clay minerals such as kaolin, mica, illite, as well as non-clay minerals like quartz, feldspar, calcite, and gypsum. Bentonite quality, and, consequently, its applications, depend on whether it contains any of these other minerals. Bentonite is an industrial mineral, rich in a clay mineral called montmorillonite. Bentonites used for hydraulic barriers in North America are produced from the naturally occurring sodium bentonites mined in the state of Wyoming. These bentonites have a unique cation chemistry. The cations that balance electrostatic charge in the clay structure are “exchangeable” cations and consist of sodium (Na+), calcium (Ca++), and Mg (++) cations. The largest deposits of commercial sodium bentonite are found in Wyoming, Montana and South Dakota. Bentonite has high swelling properties along with good viscosity and liquid limit. These properties are highly valued in most of the industrial applications. Sodium bentonite is well suited as a binder in the preparation of pellets and in foundry and as oilwell drilling mud. Bentonite also acts as a suspending agent in oil-well drilling fluids and is abundantly used in horizontal drilling for shale production. Bentonite exhibits good green strength along with high hot and dry strength which helps in preventing moulds from breaking or cracking during the pouring or cooling process in the foundry industry. Bentonite clay is also used in pyrotechnics, to make end plugs and rocket engine nozzles. Bentonite has remarkable colloidal and waterproofing properties. Bentonite gels are used as a carrier for a number of cosmetic preparations, toothpastes, creams, etc. Bentonite is also used in Chemical, Rubber, Insecticide & Pesticide Industries and in civil construction works. Uses & Application: • It is used as of fillers earth. • It is used as emulsifiers for oils. • Refining of Vegetable oils • Refining of Non Edible Oils Like • Refining of Mineral Oil Like • Refining of Animal Fats • Refining of Hydrogen • It is used as a base for plaster. • It is used as pharmaceuticals aids. • It is used as bonding agent in foundry sands and pelletizing of iron ores. • It is used as sealant for canals wall. • It is used for thickness in lubricating grease and fire proofing compositions. • It is used in the cosmetics. • It is used as fillers in ceramics, refractories, paper coating. • It is used as asphalt modifiers. The significant growth in the foundry and metal casting industries has had the most significant influence on the global market for bentonite. The rise in the automotive and the machinery and heavy equipment manufacturing industries has been boosting the demand for foundry and metal casting applications across the world. As bentonite is extensively utilized in these applications, a subsequent increase in its demand has been observed since the past few years, reflecting greatly on the progress of this market. The global market for bentonite offered an opportunity worth US$1.42 bn in 2015. Researchers anticipate it to rise at a CAGR of 3.0% from 2016 to 2024 and reach a value of US$1.85 bn by the end of 2024. The global bentonite market is mainly influenced by the ongoing expansion in the construction industry. The increasing demand for smart infrastructure, coupled with rising expenditure in infrastructural development, has boosted the construction industry across the world, which in turn, is reflecting greatly on the sales of bentonite, as it is one of the important components used in the construction of a structure. With continual urbanization, the demand for bentonite is anticipated to increase substantially in the near future, leading to a high growth of this market. However, the sluggish growth rate of the oil and gas industry and the declining demand for IOP grade bentonite in China may hamper the market’s progress over the next few years. Nonetheless, the surge in the cosmetics and personal care industry and the persistent demand for iron casting from the heavy equipment manufacturing and the automotive industries are projected to boost this market significantly in the years to come. Increasing product use across industries as groundwater barriers, absorbents for pet litter and oil & grease, liquor clarifiers, and binders in iron & steel manufacturing is anticipated to propel industry growth over the next eight years. The global bentonite market has been segmented by products into sodium, calcium and others such as aluminum and potassium. Calcium and sodium bentonite are both widely employed in drilling mud. The global sodium bentonite accounted for over 60% of the total revenue in 2015. It is an effective sealant owing to its chemical proof sealing capacity which makes it permanent, easy to install and inexpensive. Bentonite is one of the key raw materials used in construction. It has an ability to swell and gel when dispersed in water, which is used in construction, primarily in excavation and foundation works. Rising construction industry is therefore expected to propel the bentonite market during the forecast period, owing to its use in various construction applications. The global bentonite market is segmented on the basis of region, product type, end-use application and end-use industry. Product type is further sub-segmented into sodium, calcium and others (includes potassium and aluminum). On the basis of end-use application, the market is further sub-segmented into drilling fluid, binder, sealant, adsorbent/absorbent, clarification agent and others (includes bleaching, sprays and papermaking). On the basis of end-use industries the market is segmented into six segments namely; oil, construction, pharmaceuticals, foundry, foods and others. Key regions covered in the report include North America, Latin America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Asia Pacific Excluding Japan, Middle East & Africa and Japan. Few Indian major players are as under: • Ashapura Minechem Ltd. • Bituminex Cochin Pvt. Ltd. • Earth International Pvt. Ltd. • Gimpex Pvt. Ltd. • Jamipol Ltd. • Laviosa India Pvt. Ltd. • Neelkanth Rockminerals Ltd. Tags Bentonite Processing, Bentonite Processing Plant, Bentonite Clay Processing Plant, Bentonite Mining, Bentonite Processing Unit, Bentonite Processing and Production, Bentonite Mining and Processing, Industrial Minerals & Rocks, Bentonite Processing Factory, Mineral Processing, Bentonite Formula, Industrial Applications of Bentonite, Bentonite Applications, Uses and Applications of Bentonites, Uses of Bentonite in Construction, Bentonite Processing in Pharmaceutical Industry, Bentonite Processing Business Plan, Bentonite Processing Company, Bentonite Processing Business, Bentonite Processing Equipment, Cost if Bentonite Processing Plant, Bentonite Quarry Mining, Bentonite Quarry, Bentonite (Quarrying, Processing & Exporting), Bentonite Mining Process and Equiptment, Bentonite Processing Feasibility Study, Project Report on Bentonite Processing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Bentonite Processing,Project Report on Bentonite Quarrying, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Bentonite Quarrying, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Bentonite Processing Plant, Feasibility report on Bentonite Quarrying, Free Project Profile on Bentonite Quarrying,Project profile on Bentonite Processing Plant, Download free project profile on Bentonite Processing Plant, Business Investment Opportunities in Bentonite (Quarrying, Processing & Exporting), Profitable Business Ideas in Clay and Minerals Industry
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Gypsum Mining Business

Gypsum Mining Business. Investment and Business Opportunity in Mineral & Mining Sector Gypsum is an evaporite mineral most commonly found in layered sedimentary deposits in association with halite, anhydrite, sulfur, calcite, and dolomite. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) is very similar to Anhydrite (CaSO4). The chemical difference is that gypsum contains two waters and anhydrite is without water. Gypsum is the most common sulfate mineral. Gypsum is a mineral found in crystal as well as masses called gypsum rock. It is a very soft mineral and it can form very pretty, and sometimes extremely large colored crystals. Massive gypsum rock forms within layers of sedimentary rock, typically found in thick beds or layers. It forms in lagoons where ocean waters high in calcium and sulfate content can slowly evaporate and be regularly replenished with new sources of water. The result is the accumulation of large beds of sedimentary gypsum. Gypsum is commonly associated with rock salt and sulfur deposits. It is processed and used as prefabricated wallboard or as industrial or building plaster, used in cement manufacture, agriculture and other uses. Uses of Gypsum Gypsum uses include: manufacture of wallboard, cement, plaster of Paris, wall plasters, mortars, sheet rock, fertilizer, soil conditioning, and a hardening retarder in Portland cement. Varieties of gypsum known as "satin spar" and "alabaster" are used for a variety of ornamental purposes; however, their low hardness limits their durability. Relation to Mining Most of the world’s gypsum is produced by surface-mining operations. In the United States, gypsum is mined in about 19 states. The states producing the most gypsum are Oklahoma, Iowa, Nevada, Texas, and California. Together, these states account for about two-thirds of the United States’ annual production of gypsum. Over 30 million tons of gypsum is consumed in the United States annually. Canada, Mexico and Spain are other significant producers of raw gypsum. In all, more than 90 countries produce gypsum. In most open pit gypsum operations, benches are drilled and blasted using ammonium nitrate as the explosive. Because gypsum is so soft, most drills can drill through it at a rate of roughly 23 ft. per minute. Sometimes the drill holes become wet, which can cause problems with the ammonium nitrate. In these cases the ammonium nitrate is bagged in plastic bags before being lowered into the blast hole. Mines use approximately 1 kg of explosives for each ton of gypsum they blast. Market Outlook On the back of rising demand from industries such as construction, ceramic, cement etc., the India gypsum market is poised to grow significantly in the coming years. Government is also backing the industry by allowing up to 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) for gypsum products. As a result, FDI inflows to gypsum products industry in India have registered significant growth in the last few years. The country is thus anticipated to witness huge growth in gypsum consumption. And as per our prophecy, gypsum consumption in India would grow at a CAGR of around 4% during 2012-13 to 2017-18. The rapid infrastructure development in the country is expected to boost the Indian Gypsum industry. The growing demand for Gypsum, due to amplified construction industry, massive cement consumption and extensive use of gypsum in fertilizer and ceramic has resulted in very high gypsum consumption. The Indian gypsum Market is expected to exhibit immense opportunity for domestic as well as foreign investors. With the support of rising demand from industries such as construction, ceramic, and cement; the Indian gypsum market is poised to grow significantly in the coming years. The global gypsum market is valued at $1.49 billion in 2016, equivalent to 252 million tonnes, with 33.3% and 60.9% being consumed in the plasterboard and cement industries, respectively. The gypsum market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 9.9% to reach nearly $2.4 billion by 2018 and $3.8 billion by 2026. Nearly all gypsum is used in three prime applications: building construction, cement (where it is used as a setting retarder), and agriculture (mostly for soil conditioner and fertilizer). Another common application is wet or powdered plaster. Minor applications include dentistry and surgical/medical, e.g., plaster casts. Population growth is dramatic in many developing countries, particularly India and China, and represents a major driver in gypsum consumption. Not only does large-scale industrialization create a need for rapid improvements in infrastructure, but increasingly prosperous population’s demand higher-quality housing and better living conditions. The global gypsum industry is mainly driven by the construction and renovation sectors as natural gypsum is especially suitable for the manufacture of cement, building plasters, dry mixes, wallboards and other gypsum products. In some of these uses, gypsum has no effective substitutes, for instance, in Portland cement production. On an average basis, an increased use of wallboards and plasters has been a major driver for gypsum production worldwide. The construction industry has significant spatial and temporal variability, with strong dependence on macroeconomic situation in each specific country and region. The macroeconomic variability in the construction industry affects the behavior of the gypsum market, which influences the dynamics of gypsum production volumes. The total reserves/resources of mineral gypsum in India as on 1.4.2015 have been estimated at 1,330 million tonnes of which 37 million tonnes have been placed under 'Reserves' and 1,293 million tonnes under 'Remaining Resources' category. Of the total reserves/resources, Fertilizer/ Pottery grade accounts for about 80% and Cement/Paint grade 13%. The Unclassified and Not-known grades together account for 5% resources. The remaining two percent of resources is shared by Surgical Plaster and Soil Reclamation grades. By States, Rajasthan alone accounts for 81% resources, Jammu & Kashmir 14% and Tamil Nadu 2% resources. The remaining 3% resources are in Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Gypsum deposits are usually found at shallow depths and are scattered over large areas. The deposits are mined out by opencast method and usually by manual mining except a few semi-mechanized mines in Rajasthan. In semi mechanized mines, gypsum is excavated by backhoe excavator and directly loaded into trucks/ dumpers. The trucks and dumpers loaded with gypsum are dispatched directly to the user industry or are taken to railway siding for further loading into railway wagons for dispatch to far living user industry. In some mines of Rajasthan, the excavated gypsum is ground before dispatching to the user or party. Based on the use of gypsum, the production is classified into different grades like Fertilizer grade, Cement grade, plaster of Paris grade, surgical grade, etc. Exports of gypsum and plaster at 110,882 tonnes in 2015-16 increased by 69% from 65,645 tonnes in the preceding year. Exports of alabaster was not reported during 2015-16, although during 2014-15, it was 21 tonnes. Other segments that would attract attention would be production of gypsum wallboard which is currently negligible in India. It could find better prospects because of its light weight and other special characteristics. It being an excellent partition material could facilitate its utility in high rise building constructions. India's domestic resources of gypsum are large enough to meet increased demand. Tags Gypsum Mining, Gypsum, Gypsum Mines in India, Gypsum Industry, Gypsum Mining Business Plan, Gypsum Mining Business, Industrial Minerals & Rocks, Gypsum Mine Production, Mineral & Mining Sector Investment and Business Opportunity, Business Plan for Gypsum Mining, Gypsum Industry in India, Project Report on Gypsum Mining, Detailed Project Report on Gypsum Mining, Project Report on Gypsum Mining, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Gypsum Mining, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Gypsum Mining, Feasibility report on Gypsum Mining, Free Project Profile on Gypsum Mining, Project profile on Gypsum Mining, Download Free Project Profile on Gypsum Mining, How to Start a Gypsum Mining Business, Business Plan for Gypsum Production, Gypsum Mining Opportunity, Process of Mining Gypsum, Gypsum Mining and Processing, Gypsum Mining Plant, Gypsum Mining Startup Business
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Gypsum Mining for Production of Plaster of Paris Powder

Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4•2H2O. It is widely mined and is used as a fertilizer, and as the main constituent in many forms of plaster, blackboard chalk and wallboard.Gypsum is the most common sulfate mineral. Pure gypsum is white, but other substances found as impurities may give a wide range of colors to local deposits. Gypsum is an important raw material used in the manufacture of cement. Consumption of gypsum varies from 2 to 6% in different plants depending upon the quality of clinker. India has good reserves of natural gypsum, mainly in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.The Indian market for Gypsum is expected to reach about 333.64 million m2 by 2021 from 221.75 million m2 in 2016. Which facilitates the development of new technologies and ensure a high quality product. COST ESTIMATION CAPACITY Gypsum Powder : 4800 MT/Day Plaster of Paris Powder : 7200 MT/Day Plant & Machinery : Rs3387Crores Cost of Project : Rs3948Crores Rate of Return : 16% Break Even Point : 50%
Plant capacity: Gypsum Powder: 4800 MT/Day Plaster of Paris Powder: 7200 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 3387 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs.3948 Crores
Return: 16.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Kaolin (Paints & Cosmetic Grade)

It is one of the most common minerals on earth and can be easily identified by its fine particle size and plate-like structure. The world's largest reserves of premium kaolin are located in the United States and Brazil. Kaolin, also known as china clay, is soft white clay which is an essential element in the manufacturing of porcelain and china and is used widely in making paper, paint, rubber, and lots of other products. In its natural form kaolin is a soft, white powder consisting mainly of the kaolinite mineral, which under electron microscope, is known to consist of generally hexagonal, platy crystal ranging in the size from approximately 0.1 to 10 micrometres. These crystals can take book like and vermicular forms, and macroscopic forms approaching the millimetre size are occasionally found. Kaolin, found in nature generally contains varying quantities of other minerals like muscovite, feldspar, anatase and quartz. In addition, basic kaolin is often stained yellow by the iron hydroxide pigments. It’s often needed to bleach clay chemically to eliminate the iron pigments and to wash with water to eliminate the other minerals to make kaolin for commercial uses. The kaolin market is estimated to be USD 4.52 Billion in 2017 and is projected to reach USD 5.52 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 4.1% from 2017 to 2022. The increasing demand for kaolin from various end-use industries, such as paper, ceramics & sanitary wares, fiberglass, paints & coatings, rubber, and plastics, is expected to drive the growth of the kaolin market during the forecast period. Kaolin distinguishes itself from other industrial clays, owing to its fine particle size, increased brightness, and pure coloring. Rising government spending in emerging economies such as India and China, has resulted in expansion of construction industry. This is expected to contribute toward an increased demand for kaolin.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Bauxite Calcination Plant by Rotary Kiln with Fine Grinding Ball Mill

Bauxite Calcination Plant by Rotary Kiln with Fine Grinding Ball Mill. Refractory Grade Calcined Bauxite Calcined bauxite is produced by sintering/calcining of low iron, low alkali containing raw bauxites at temperatures of 1600 - 1800 degree Celsius. In this calcination process the high refractory mineral phase’s corundum and mullite are formed. Therefore calcined bauxite is one of the most important raw materials for the production of shaped and unshaped refractories for the steel industry, foundries, glass and cement plants. Calcined bauxite is available "run of kiln" i.e. uncrushed or in fractions and as ball milled powder according to customers’ requirements, in bulk or bagged. Calcined Bauxite is obtained by calcining (heating) superior grade Bauxite at high temperature (from 850 oC to 1600 oC). This removes moisture thereby increasing the alumina content. Compared to an alumina content of about 57 % to 58 % in raw Bauxite, Calcined Bauxite has an alumina content of 82 % to 86 %. The heating is carried out in rotary kilns. Calcination is done at different temperatures ranging from 850 oC to 1600 oC depending upon the customer’s application. Calcined bauxite is used in a number of applications: • Refractory Grade Calcined Bauxite (CB - I and CB - II Grade): To make refractory grade, Bauxite is thermally treated at 1600 oC to produce Calcined Bauxite where the Alumina content is mostly above 82%. • Brown Fused Alumina, Proppants and Road Surfacing : To make the above grades, Bauxite is thermally treated at 1000 oC – 1200 oC to produce Calcined Bauxite where the Alumina content is anywhere between 80-88% depending on the requirement. • Anti-skid protection. Calcined Bauxite is an ideal aggregate for anti-skid applications. It is used extensively for vehicle skid prevention and on surfaces requiring additional safety. The bauxite may be trowelled into fresh concrete, added to paints or applied to surfaces using resin cements and adhesives. • Anti-slip protection. This material is ideal for reducing the risk of pedestrians slipping and is used in many industrial, commercial and residential applications. These include pedestrian crosswalks, stairways, factory floors and work zones, sidewalks, ship decks, boat docks, pool decks, bathtubs, and • High friction surface treatment (HFST). HFST is a cost-effective method to reduce skidding and is mainly used to make roadways safer. It is used on horizontal curves and ramps, intersections, steep grades, bridge decks, roundabouts and pavement surfaces. Studies have indicated that the application of HFST reduces vehicle crashes by up to 100%. The material is applied to surfaces using a polymer binder. • Refractories. Refractories are insulating materials that maintain their strength and chemical properties at high temperatures. They are used to line boilers, furnaces, kilns, reactors, and GLM is one of the largest importers of refractory-grade bauxite, using only the highest quality materials for our products. Calcined bauxite is used globally for its anti-skid and high friction properties to make roadways safer. It is a strong and highly durable material, which makes it ideal to prevent slips on factory floors and other surfaces. Calcined Bauxite Benefits • Extreme hardness and wear resistance • High resistance to weathering, abrasion, and polishing • High durability • Chemically stable when exposed to intense heat and acid or alkaline agents Market Outlook India currently imports 60% of its Calcined Bauxite from China. Spurred by expansion of domestic steel production, a scarcity of acceptable quality of bauxite from China and raising import cost, drives are now under way in India to produce high grade bauxite from domestic bauxite sources. At present, India is very minor producer of non-metallurgical bauxite, despite having occurrence of high grade bauxite in west coast and central India. This is attributed to limited effort to test high grade bauxite occurrence in region outside the main bauxite producing area around Gujarat. Demand for calcined bauxite in production of ceramic proppants is expected to grow by more than 5%py out to 2021 as North America and China target greater exploitation of unconventional oil and gas reservoirs. Calcined Bauxite Production: India produces about 400,000 tons of calcined bauxite Global Calcined Bauxite market size will increase to Million US$ by 2025, from Million US$ in 2017, at a CAGR of during the forecast period. Demand for calcined bauxite-based refractories used principally in steel production continues unabated. The majority of standard refractory products incorporate a calcined or fire-treated form of bauxite for their raw material base. China is now also the leading producer of refractories. Outputs tends at about 23m. tonnes. In the present paper, various aspects of calcined bauxite are discussed. India’s present position is compared with leading high grade bauxite producers of World i.e. China and Guyana. Based on various R&D work, proposals are put forward to produce high grade bauxite in India by complex mining / sorting and beneficiation. Bauxite and Alumina in Refractories • World Refractories production ~39 million T • Calcined Bauxite 1.6 million T • BFA 1.2 million T Requires 1.4million T Calcined Bauxite • Alumina 1.9 Million Tonnes – Tabular, WFA, CAC, calcined, spinel, mullite, Ceramic Fibres • Refractory clays and Magnesia still largest Tags Calcined Bauxite, Refractory Calcined Bauxite, Bauxite, Calcined, Calcination, Calcination of Bauxite, Refractory Bauxite Products, Calcined Bauxite Manufacture, Refractory Grade Calcined Bauxite, Refractory & Abrasive Grade Calcined Bauxite, Refractory Grade Bauxite, Calcined Bauxite Production, Calcined Bauxite Uses, Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing Plant, Manufacturing of Calcined Bauxite, Bauxite Calcination Plant, Bauxite Calcination Plant Cost, Calcined Bauxite Project, Profitable Calcined Bauxite Project, Calcined Bauxite Plant, Calcined Bauxite Processing, Production Cost of Calcined Bauxite, Bauxite Calcination Plant Grinding By Ball Mill, Grinding Bauxite Calcinations, Calcined Bauxite Grinding Balls, Bauxite Refractory Process Calcination, Project Report on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Bauxite Calcination Plant Grinding By Ball Mill, Project Report on Bauxite Calcination Plant, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Bauxite Calcination Plant Grinding By Ball Mill, Feasibility report on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing, Free Project Profile on Calcined Bauxite Manufacturing, Project profile on Bauxite Calcination Plant, Download free project profile on Bauxite Calcination Plant, Bauxite Calcination Rotary kiln plant, Rotary Kiln Calcination Plant, Bauxite Rotary Kiln Calcined, Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite for Refractory Industry
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Metallurgical Coke Plant for Coking Coal

Metallurgical coal is a special type of coal used to make metallurgical coke. There are two types of metallurgical coal used to make coke: hard coking coal and semisoft coking coal. According to Grande Cache Coal, these types of coal are ideal for coke because they melt, swell and re-solidify when placed into a superheated furnace. These types of coal also have have low levels of impurities. Metallurgical coke is made from low ash, low sulfur bituminous coal, with special coking properties, which is inserted into ovens and heated to 1000F to fuse fixed carbon and inherent ash and drive off most of the volatile matter. Metallurgical coal is distinguished by the strong low-density coke produced when the coal is heated in a low-oxygen environment to reduce mineral impurities (e.g. less sulfur, phosphorus). On heating, the coal softens, and volatile components evaporate and escape through pores in the mass. On cooling, the resultant coke has swollen, becoming a larger volume. The coking ability of coal is somewhat correlated with its physical properties such as its rank, but laboratory testing is required to completely evaluate the coking ability of the coal. There has been rising demand for metallurgical coke from the iron, steel and power generation industries. Metallurgical coke is formed by destructive distillation of a special blend of bituminous coal in the absence of air or oxygen. In order to produce metallurgical coke, the coal is heated into ovens at specific temperature to produce low sulphur, low phosphorus coke. Coke is made by destructive distillation of a blend of selected Bituminous coals (called Coking coal or Metallurgical coal) in special high temperature ovens in the absence of oxygen until a greater part of the volatile matter is driven off. The global metallurgical coke market is anticipated to be dominated by Asia Pacific region with China leading the market both in terms of production and consumption. India is also anticipated to witness sound growth in demand for metallurgical coke owing to the rapid growth in the iron and steel industry in the country.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Low Ash Metallurgical Coke Plant

Metallurgical coke is made from low ash, low sulfur bituminous coal, with special coking properties, which is inserted into ovens and heated to 1000F to fuse fixed carbon and inherent ash and drive off most of the volatile matter. The final product is a nearly pure carbon source with sizes ranging from basketballs (foundry coke) to a fine powder. Metallurgical coal is a special type of coal used to make metallurgical coke. There are two types of metallurgical coal used to make coke: hard coking coal and semisoft coking coal. According to Grande Cache Coal, these types of coal are ideal for coke because they melt, swell and re-solidify when placed into a superheated furnace. These types of coal also have low levels of impurities. A third type of metallurgical coal, PCI, is sometimes used in steel or iron making to replace more-expensive coke, indicates Grande Cache Coal. There has been rising demand for metallurgical coke from the iron, steel and power generation industries. Metallurgical coke is formed by destructive distillation of a special blend of bituminous coal in the absence of air or oxygen. In order to produce metallurgical coke, the coal is heated into ovens at specific temperature to produce low sulphur, low phosphorus coke. Metallurgical coke is used for applications which requires high quality, tough and highly resistant form of carbon. One of the major challenge faced by the global metallurgical coke market is the use of substitutes such as oils, plastics amongst others as replacement for reducing agent and fuel for the iron and steel production plants. Additionally, there has also been increase in use of materials such as recycled tires or waste tire as an additive with coal for the manufacture of metallurgical coke. The global metallurgical coke market is anticipated to be dominated by Asia Pacific region with China leading the market both in terms of production and consumption. India is also anticipated to witness sound growth in demand for metallurgical coke owing to the rapid growth in the iron and steel industry in the country.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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