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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Nigeria, West Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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Sodium Hydrosulphite Manufacturing Business

The chemical substance sodium hydrosulfite, commonly known as sodium dithionite or sodium hydrosulfide, has the formula NaHSO2. The chemical is the sodium salt of hydrosulfuric acid, consisting of sodium ions linked to two sulphur dioxide molecules. It's utilised in chemical operations as an oxygen scavenger, as well as in the filtration of drinking water and wastewater. Sodium hydrosulfite is also frequently used as a food additive in beer, salt, and egg powder, as well as in the synthesis of anhydrous sodium sulphate for leather components and as a water treatment agent. It's also utilised in the production of sulfuric acid and other compounds. Gray or white crystal irregular cube or block that is soluble in water but only marginally soluble in ethanol or methanol. Because sodium hydrosulfite is a strong reducing agent and can effectively react with the colours in the pulp, it is also particularly successful in bleaching recycled pulp. Furthermore, most recycled furniture contains mechanical pulps that can be bleached using sodium hydrosulfite. The sodium hydrosulfite bleaching conditions for recycled pulp are fairly similar to those for mechanical pulps. If the supply, such as mixed office waste, contains primarily chemical pulps, a hydrosulfite (Y) stage at a significantly higher temperature, 80–100°C and a pH of 7.0, could result in significant brightness gain. • It is widely used in the textile industry for vat dyeing, reduction cleaning, printing and stripping, and textile bleaching. • It is also used in bleaching paper pulps, particularly mechanical pulps; it is the most suitable bleaching agent in pulps. • It is used in bleaching kaolin clay, fur bleaching and reductive whitening, bleaching of bamboo products and straw products. Up to 2024, the market for sodium hydrosulfite is expected to develop at a CAGR of over 4%. Because of its widespread use as a reductive bleaching agent for pulp in the paper production process, the global sodium hydrosulfite market will rise through 2024, owing to increased paper product demand in Asia Pacific. Consumer confidence is rising, as is disposable money, and customers' desire to keep up with the latest fashion trends, to name a few main drivers fueling the textile market's expansion. Key Players 1. Demosha Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. 2. Gulshan Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. 3. Kanoria Chemicals & Inds. Ltd. 4. Orchid Pharma Ltd. 5. Shankar Lal Rampal Dye-Chem Ltd.
Plant capacity: 60.0 MT per DayPlant & machinery: 280 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 934 Lakh
Return: 29.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Investment Opportunities in Production of Granulated Fertilizers

Fertilizers are crucial in agriculture because they include a variety of minerals, including nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. Fertilizers, like all minerals, go through a series of stages before they reach their final, usable state. As part of the value chain, granulation is a method that improves particle size, reduces loss, and assures more precision in fertiliser field applications. Granular fertiliser, often known as dry fertiliser, is a type of fertiliser that comes in the form of dry pellets rather than spikes, liquid, or powder. Most garden stores stock a variety of granular fertilisers, as well as a variety of formulations that are tailored to certain soil conditions. NPK fertilisers are made up of three parts: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The NPK rating system is a way of describing how much nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium are in a fertiliser. NPK ratings are three digits separated by dashes that describe the chemical content of fertilisers (e.g., 10-10-10 or 16-4-8) The first number, N, represents the percentage of nitrogen in the product; the second, P2O5, represents the percentage of potassium in the product; and the third, K2O, reflects the percentage of potassium in the product. Slow-release fertilisers make up the majority of granular fertilisers. They can come in the shape of pellets or coarse powders, and each watering is supposed to break them down slowly over months. Apply granular fertilisers to the planting hole according to the guidelines before backfilling the soil and planting. It can also be used as a top treatment on already-established plants, though the results will be less effective than when administered before planting. You should consider utilising granular fertilisers with each new planting (except cacti or succulents which require low nitrogen and high minerals instead). Organic granular fertilisers with a nearly balanced analysis, such as MicroLife Multi-Purpose 6-2-4 and Fox Farm All Purpose 6-4-5, would sufficient for the majority of plants; these products are versatile and provide consistent nutrition for any plant, turf grass, or tree. If you're planting heavy-feeding plants like tomatoes, fruit trees, peppers, or most other edibles, you can use a granular product with a higher nitrogen content. Fertilizers were critical to India's green revolution achievement and subsequent self-sufficiency in food grain production. The increased use of fertiliser has made a substantial contribution to the country's ability to produce food grains in a sustainable manner. As a result, over the last few years, the demand for fertilisers has increased by double digits. In 2020, the Indian fertiliser market will be worth INR 887 billion. From 2021 to 2026, the market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 5.5 percent. The NPK Fertilizer market is predicted to increase at a CAGR of 2.8 percent between 2021 and 2026, from 41080 million USD in 2020 to 49950 million USD by the end of 2026. Because of the government's support of more sustainable usage and better management of natural resources, organic fertilisers for diverse crops have grown in popularity. The use of organic products will also help to prevent pollution. Over the last few years, the number of local makers of organic fertilisers has expanded in order to feed the vegetable and fruit agricultural areas. Organic fertilisers reinforced with chemical fertilisers have lately been introduced to the plantation crop market. Key Players 1. Basant Agro Tech (India) Ltd. 2. Coromandel International Ltd. 3. Deccan Sales Corpn. Ltd. 4. Deogiri Fertilisers Ltd. 5. Fertilisers & Chemicals, Travancore Ltd. 6. Indian Farmers Fertiliser Co-Op. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 200 MT per DayPlant & machinery: 436 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1954 Lakh
Return: 29.00%Break even: 50.00%
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A Comprehensive Business Plan on Lithium Ion Battery (LiFePO4) Production

A lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery is a form of lithium-ion battery that, when compared to other types of batteries, can charge and discharge at rapid speeds. It's a rechargeable battery whose cathode material is LiFePO4; hence the name. Lithium ferrophosphate (LFP) batteries are a type of lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery. The main difference between lithium iron phosphate batteries and other lithium-ion batteries is that LFP can deliver a steady voltage and has a larger charge cycle, ranging from 2000 to 3000 cycles. LFP batteries are safe for the environment and architecturally sound. They have a low discharge rate and a low energy density. They don't get hot easily and stay cold compared to other batteries. The battery's composition protects it from thermal runaway, so it's regarded safe for residential usage. In the event of mismanagement during charge or discharge, lithium phosphate cells are incombustible; they are more stable under overcharge or short circuit situations, and they can sustain high temperatures without degrading. The phosphate-based cathode material will not burn and will not cause thermal runaway if abused. The chemistry of phosphorus also has a longer cycle life. Uses • Buses, electric automobiles, tour buses, hybrid vehicles, and other attractions are examples of large electric vehicles. • Electric cycles, golf carts, compact cars, forklifts, electric vehicle cleaning wheelchairs, and other light electric vehicles • Lawn movers, electric saws, and electric drills are all examples of power tools. • Remote-control toys, such as vehicles, boats, and planes • Solar and wind energy storage systems. • Emergency lights, warning lights, UPS, miner's lamp, etc. • Medical equipment and devices that are small and portable. The lithium ion battery market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 12.6 percent from 2020 to 2027, reaching USD 3,203.01 million by 2027. The market is expanding due to the growing demand for lithium ion batteries in medical devices. Lithium ions flow from the negative electrode to the positive electrode through the electrolyte during charging and backwards during discharging in a lithium ion battery. These rechargeable batteries are widely utilised in consumer electronics and autos. Cathode, anode, separator, and electrolyte are the four components. Anode aids in the storage and release of lithium ions from the cathode, allowing current to flow through an external circuit. The lithium iron phosphate batteries market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.0 percent from an estimated USD 8.3 billion in 2019 to USD 10.6 billion by 2024. The increased focus on electric and hybrid electric vehicles, as well as rising demand for energy storage applications, are responsible for this expansion.
Plant capacity: Lithium Ion (LiFePO4) Battery Back of Power 4.8 KWH (No. of Cells 800) for Three Wheeler: 26 Nos. Per Day Lithium Ion (LiFePO4) Battery Back of Power 18 KWH (No. of Cells 3000) for Four Wheeler: 24 Nos. Per DayPlant & machinery: 3 Cr.
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 10.28 Cr
Return: 32.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Setting up an E-Waste Recycling Plant

Electronic wastes, often known as "e-waste," "e-scrap," or "Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment," or "WEEE," are surplus, obsolete, defective, or abandoned electrical or electronic devices. Electronic "waste" is defined as any component that is dumped, disposed of, or discarded rather than repurposed, and includes leftovers from reuse and recycling activities. Because a variety of surplus electronics are regularly delivered (good, recyclable, and non-recyclable), some public policy activists refer to all surplus electronics as "e-waste." WEEE has been identified as one of the fastest growing sources of waste, with an estimated annual growth rate of 16-28%. A complex set of heterogeneous secondary wastes is formed within each area. Despite the fact that treatment requirements are complex, the sources from each sector have several commonalities. Electrical and electronic equipment is made up of a variety of components, some of which include dangerous compounds that, if not handled appropriately, can have a negative influence on human health and the environment. These dangers are frequently caused by inefficient recycling and disposal methods. Carcinogens such as lead, barium, phosphor, and other heavy metals are abundant in Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs). The global e-waste management market is anticipated to reach $49.4 billion by 2020, growing at a CAGR of 23.5 percent from 2014 to 2020. It is one of the most rapidly rising waste streams in both developing and industrialised countries. Electrical, electronic, and consumer electronic gadgets have shorter life lives, resulting in a considerable amount of E-Waste, which is expanding at a rapid rate every year. The growing need to upgrade to the latest technology is fueling the expansion of the E-Waste industry. The desire to adopt new technologically advanced equipment results in the development of millions of tonnes of E-Waste in various parts of the world. According to a UN project to assess E-Waste generation, the world created around 50 million tonnes of E-Waste in 2012, averaging 15 pounds per person globally. Government agencies in many locations are taking E-Waste management activities to limit the amount of E-Waste generated around the world. Market participants are taking steps to recycle E-Waste in order to reduce pollution and environmental risks associated with it. Key Players 1. E-Parisaraa Pvt. Ltd. 2. Ecocentric Management Pvt. Ltd. 3. Greenscape Eco Mgmt. Pvt. Ltd. 4. Navrachna Recycling Pvt. Ltd. 5. Sims Recycling Solutions India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Plastic: 1.60 MT per day | Ferrous Material: 1.00 MT per day | Aluminium: 0.70 MT per day | Glass: 1.00 MT per day | Copper: 0.70 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 86 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 314 Lakh
Return: 27.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Feasibility Study of Epoxy Resin (Liquid) Production

Epoxy resin is a reactive pre-polymer and polymer that contains epoxide groups. These resins react either with themselves or with a variety of co-reactants such as amines, phenols, and thiols in the presence of catalysts. Epoxy resin outperforms other types of resins in terms of shrinkage during cure and moisture and chemical resistance. It has a long shelf life and is impact resistant. It also has outstanding electrical and insulating qualities. Epichlorohydrin (ECH) and bisphenol a are used to make the most popular epoxy resins. The most extensively used resins are those based on bisphenol A. Epoxy resins with molecular weights ranging from low molecular weight liquids to high molecular weight solids can be produced depending on the quantity of Epichlorohydrin to bisphenol-A used in the manufacturing process. Epoxy resin is widely used in the following industries: 1. Metal coatings 2. Electronic and electrical components 3. Fibre-reinforced plastic materials 4. Structural adhesives 5. Paints 6. Sealants 7. Casting Industry The use of epoxy resin for adhesive purposes is one of the most popular applications. Because of the epoxy's strong characteristics, it can be used for structural and engineering adhesives. Epoxy resins are also utilised in anti-corrosion coatings and adhesive applications, which are particularly successful at replacing or supplementing heavier bonding methods such as mechanical fasteners. In industrial coatings, epoxy resins are utilised as a binder (primers). They offer the paint exceptional adherence as well as chemical (corrosion) and physical resistance, which is required on ships and chemical storage tanks, for example. Epoxy Resin has unique adhesive features such as durability, strength, and chemical resistance, making it a robust sealer. It will resist abrasions as well as oil and other liquids when the components are combined together and sprayed on materials like concrete or wood. The global Epoxy Resin market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 5.85 percent during the next five years. Epoxy resins have more than one epoxy group per molecule and are thermosetting resins with appropriate cross-linking agents for increased reactivity. Epoxy resins are regarded as the most important raw material used in many chemical formulations. Epoxy resins' favourable qualities, such as high thermal stability, mechanical strength, moisture resistance, adhesion, and heat resistance, make them the resin of choice for a variety of end-user applications, such as laminates and insulators. Transportation, marine coatings, aerospace, electrical & electronic laminates, composites, and decorative powder coatings, all of which are growing end-use industries in Asia Pacific, are likely to have a favourable impact on the global market. Increased research efforts by key players, combined with technological advancements in the field of modified resins, are projected to open up new doors for industrial applications.
Plant capacity: 20 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 689 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 1956 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 80.00%
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Start Manufacturing Business of Highway Guard Crash Barrier, Traffic barriers, Highway Safety Guardrail (Roll Forming with Metal Beam and Galvanizing Plant)

Highway Guard Crash Barrier, Metal Beam Traffic barriers, also known as guardrails or guard rails in the United States and crash barriers in the United Kingdom, keep vehicles on the road and prevent them from colliding with dangerous obstacles like boulders, sign supports, trees, bridge abutments, buildings, walls, and large storm drains, as well as traversing steep (non-recoverable) slopes or entering deep water. Before being certified for public use, traffic barriers are subjected to comprehensive simulated and full-scale accident testing to ensure that they are safe and effective. While crash testing cannot simulate every possible type of impact, it is used to evaluate the performance limits of traffic barriers and ensure that road users are adequately protected. Roadside barriers are used to keep cars safe from hazards such as steep slopes that can cause rollover crashes, immovable structures such as bridge piers, and bodies of water. Median barriers are used to keep vehicles from crossing over the median and colliding with oncoming traffic. Bridge barriers keep automobiles from crashing off the edge of a bridge and landing on the road, river, or railroad below. In comparison to most treated steels, it has a low beginning cost. Furthermore, when galvanised steel is delivered, it is instantly ready to use. It does not necessitate further surface preparation, inspections, painting/coatings, etc., saving businesses money. Any damaged steel is shielded by the surrounding zinc coating thanks to the sacrificial anode. Whether the steel piece is entirely exposed or not, the zinc will corrode first. The coating will erode more quickly than the steel, providing a sacrificial layer of protection for the injured areas. With a total length of 5.89 million kilometres, India boasts the world's second largest road network (kms). This road network delivers 64.5 percent of all commodities in the country, and 90% of all passenger traffic in India travels by road. With improved connectivity between cities, towns, and villages around the country, road transportation has gradually increased over time. Between FY16 and FY19, India's highway development increased at a 21.44 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR). In FY19, 10,855 kilometres of highways were built, with the government aiming to build 12,000 kilometres of national highways in FY20. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) completed the highest-ever highway construction of 3,979 kilometres in March 2020. The government set a goal of building roads costing Rs 15 lakh crore (US$ 212.80 billion) in the next two years in April 2020. On account of increased government measures to develop transportation infrastructure in the country, the market for roads and highways is expected to grow at a CAGR of 36.16 percent from 2016 to 2025. Key Players • Alcatel-Lucent India Ltd. • Arcelormittal Nippon Steel India Ltd. • Arcelormittal Projects India Pvt. Ltd. • Arjas Steel Pvt. Ltd. • Bekaert Industries Pvt. Ltd. • Belmaks Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Metal Beam Highway Crash Barrier: 200 MT per day | MS Sheet Scrap: 40 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 905 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 2973 Lakh
Return: 30.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Lucrative Business Plan for Calcium Sennosides from Senna Leaves Production

Calcium Sennoside is one of the most common substances in multivitamins, health care products, and food additives, and it has a variety of functions in the human body, including bone growth, tooth remineralization, and muscular contraction. It can also be used to make calcium enriched milk powder, calcium fortified beverage powder, and calcium fortified bread, among other functional foods. Calcium sennosides are made via a fermentation method involving many types of industrial yeasts and a variety of basic ingredients. The FDA has approved Calcium Sennoside for the purpose of stimulating bone growth and mineralization, which is notably beneficial to osteoporosis patients. It has become quite popular in the market place as a novel and safe product in the field of bone health. The price of Calcium Sennoside will provide you extra benefits in your production business of this type of product because of its exceptional quality. One of the most well-known herbal remedies is Calcium Sennoside (Senna Extract). Calcium Sennoside is extracted from the leaves of the Senna plant. It's an excellent laxative. It has a subtle bitterness to it. Senna has long been used to treat constipation. Sennosides are glycosides obtained from Senna leaves that contain hydroxyanthracene. They've been utilised as natural, safe, time-tested laxatives in both traditional and modern medical systems. Constipation is treated with sennosides. They can also be used to flush the intestines before to a bowel inspection or surgery. Stimulant laxatives are known as sennosides. They function by maintaining water in the intestines, causing the intestines to move. The global demand for herbal extracts, dietary supplements, and herbal-based beauty aids is increasing as people become more aware of the negative effects of allopathic drugs, as well as the medicinal benefits and therapeutic effects of herbal products. According to the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Sector of India (ASSOCHAM), the herbal business's market size, which is now estimated at Rs. 7,500 crores, will double to Rs. 15,000 crore by 2022, with the industry rising at a compounded annual growth rate of over 20%. India's vast supply of medicinal plants and traditional treasure of knowledge in this domain, according to an ASSOCHAM report on Herbal Industry and Global Market 2015, is deemed quite meagre at the moment. A cursory calculation of the potential suggests that India can produce raw stock worth roughly Rs. 300 billion and easily attain value added products worth around Rs. 150 billion. As a result, India is only able to realise about half of its potential. Surprisingly, both raw materials (herbs) and herbal products have a global market. ASSOCHAM Secretary General D.S. Rawat, who released the findings, said that Ayurvedic Medicines and Dietary Supplements (including health drinks), extracts, Oils and other derivatives, skincare and beauty aids are appropriate niche markets for India to focus on. Key Players • Alchem International Pvt. Ltd. • Indena India Pvt. Ltd. • Kothari Phytochemicals & Inds. Ltd. • Vidya Herbs Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 400 Kgs per DayPlant & machinery: 291 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 607 Lakh
Return: 28.00%Break even: 59.00%
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A Complete Business Plan for Activated Alumina (Spherical Balls) Manufacturing

Activated alumina (Al2O3) is a kind of aluminium oxide with a wide range of industrial applications. Activated alumina has a number of properties that make it useful for a variety of industrial processes. This covers things like strong crush strength, thermal shock resistance, chemical resistance, and more. The potential of activated alumina to operate as an adsorbent, owing to its high porosity and surface area, has propelled it to the forefront of numerous applications. Dehydroxylating aluminium hydroxide in a way that produces a very porous substance produces activated alumina. Al2O3•OH2 can be used to denote the chemical composition. The "activation" that occurs as a result of calcination is referred to as "activated aluminas." Activated alumina is a porous form of aluminium oxide with a large surface area. It has the ability to absorb gases and liquids while maintaining its shape. It functions as a desiccant by adsorbing water and other pollutants; it provides clean water due to its capacity to attract contaminants. In general, activated alumina functions similarly to activated coal, a well-known adsorbent. The adsorption process is influenced by the force field that exists at a solid's surface. Activated alumina has various characteristics that make it suited for the treatment of wastewater treatment plant effluent all over the world, including high adsorption capacity, high surface area, a wide range of functional groups, and a variety of porosity sizes. Activated alumina, like activated carbon, has a large surface area and porosity that allows it to catch and hold a variety of compounds, allowing it to be used as an adsorbent, desiccant, and other applications. The following are some of the most common applications for activated alumina products: • Adsorbents • Desiccant • Catalysts Uses HF alkylation is used to remove fluoride from hydrocarbons. Alumina beads are used to filter low quantities of hydrofluoric acid. For the removal of sulphur from gas streams (Claus catalyst process). Under the right conditions, activated alumina transforms hydrogen sulphide to elemental sulphur. The oil refining sector makes substantial use of this technology. In the manufacturing of polyethylene, as a filtration media. The slurry co-catalyst is filtered out of the polyethylene and trapped in the alumina bead pores in this procedure. The activated alumina market was worth 146.2 million in 2020, and it is expected to increase at an annual rate of 8.2% from 2021 to 2027. Product demand will be bolstered by rising oil and gas output, as well as increased oil and gas exploration operations around the world. Factors such as increased demand for clean water, depleting water supplies, and the construction of new water treatment facilities are driving the market. Dihydroxylation of aluminium hydroxide produces activated alumina, a very porous substance. It's utilised for a variety of things, including catalysts, desiccants, fluoride adsorbents, bioceramics, and more. Market growth in Asia Pacific is predicted to be boosted by rising population and rapid economic expansion. Over the projected period, government initiatives such as the introduction of various projects for the regular supply and treatment of water are expected to drive product demand. The use of products in the purification of lithium is becoming more prevalent. Ceramics, glass, batteries, lubricating greases, and air treatment applications all employ lithium. Key Players • Acuro Organics Ltd. • Jyoti Ceramic Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Synco Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 97 lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 230 Lakh
Return: 17.00%Break even: 78.00%
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Solar Panel (both type of the PV Cells: Polycrystalline and Monocrystalline) 140 MW

A solar panel is made up of several solar modules that are wired together in series and parallel to give a certain voltage and current to charge a battery. Photovoltaic panels make up the solar array of a photovoltaic system, which generates and distributes solar power in commercial and residential settings. The DC output power of each module is rated under conventional test conditions and typically ranges from 100 to 365 watts. A single solar module can only provide a certain quantity of energy; therefore, most setups use numerous modules. A photovoltaic system consists of a panel or array of solar modules, a solar inverter, and, in certain cases, a battery and/or solar tracker, as well as interface cable. A photovoltaic (PV) module is a pre-assembled, plug-and-play assembly of 6-10 solar cells. Solar photovoltaic panels make up the solar array of a photovoltaic system, which generates and distributes solar power in commercial and residential settings. The DC output power of each module is rated under conventional test conditions and typically ranges from 100 to 365 watts. A single solar cell will not be able to deliver the necessary usable output. To boost the output power of a PV system, a number of such PV Solar Cells must be connected. A solar module is typically made up of a sufficient number of solar cells that are connected in series to generate the requisite standard output voltage and power. Large-scale solar applications, such as commercial and residential solar systems, typically use monocrystalline solar panels. They can also be used for smaller-scale applications, and the panel size is determined by the application. The most widely utilised PV panels on the planet are polycrystalline solar panels. They come in a variety of power levels, ranging from 5 W to 250 W or more, and can be used in both home and commercial settings. In the projected period 2021-2028, the global solar power market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 6.9%, from $184.03 billion in 2021 to $293.18 billion in 2028. With the unrelenting shift toward renewable energy, the worldwide solar panel industry is accelerating. China, the world's largest exporter of solar panels, will benefit from strong global demand, while domestic sales may decrease as tariff subsidies are reduced. Because solar cells are becoming more affordable and suburban building is becoming stronger, the United States is seeing a rise in solar power output. Due to the rapid adoption of solar generation capacity, the EU, Asia-Pacific, Mexico, and Australia are also emerging as the most attractive markets. Distributed solar photovoltaic systems for residential, commercial, and industrial buildings appear to be a growing business segment around the world.
Plant capacity: Mono Crystalline Solar PV Module Capacity:250 Watt 466.8Nos/Day | Mono Crystalline Solar PV Module Capacity:320 Watt 364.6Nos/Day | Poly Crystalline Solar PV Module Capacity: 250 Watt466.8Nos/Day | PolyCrystalline Solar PV Module Capacity:320Watt364.6/dayPlant & machinery: 36.35 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 63.46 Cr
Return: 30.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Zinc Oxide from Zinc Dross (White Seal) Production Business Plan

Although zinc oxide has been known since ancient times, it is only recently that it has been used as a pigment. It was created to replace basic lead carbonate as a pigment. Because the lead pigment turned black when exposed to the air, it was phased out. Zinc dross is a byproduct of zinc recovery. Zinc types can be recovered from galvanised sheets, batteries, automobile components, and galvanising processes, among other things. Zinc ashes develop on the surface of molten zinc baths, and while they are mostly zinc oxide, finely divided zinc particles will stick to the oxide as well. Processes are used to purify various forms of zinc to obtain pure zinc metal. Zinc oxide has the formula ZnO and is an inorganic substance. Rubbers, plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, lubricants, paints, ointments, adhesives, sealants, pigments, meals, batteries, ferrites, fire retardants, and first-aid tapes all contain zinc oxide, which is a white powder that is insoluble in water. Although zinc oxide is found naturally in the mineral zincite, the majority of zinc oxide is manufactured synthetically. ZnO belongs to the II-VI semiconductor group and has a large bandgap. The semiconductor's native doping is n-type, which is caused by oxygen vacancies or zinc interstitials. Zinc oxide, often known as zinc white, is a white or grey powder with a coarse texture. The amount of contaminants it contains has an impact on its whiteness. A wide range of colours can be created through good heat treatment or other ways, ranging from white to yellow, green, and brown to red. Rubber, paint, ceramics, chemical textiles, and other industries employ zinc oxide. Zinc salts (zinc stearate, etc.) feed additive; semiconductor in electronic devices; electronic ceramics; raw material to produce zinc phosphate as steel coating; ointment; pigment and mould growth inhibitor in paints; ceramics; floor tile; glass; zinc salts (zinc stearate, etc.) feed additive; semiconductor in electronic devices; zinc phosphate as steel coating. Zinc oxide is used in metal protective coatings, and zinc oxide and paint tinted with zinc dust are the most popular coatings for galvanised surfaces. Zinc oxide is used in general-purpose primers for ferrous surfaces, together with red lead and/or zinc yellow. It aids in the production of a durable, adherent coating that is resistant to abrasion and chalking in these priming paints. Rubber vulcanization relies heavily on zinc oxide. It's an inorganic basic accelerator that helps speed up the vulcanization reaction between rubber and sulphur. The market for zinc oxide has gathered significant traction in recent years as a result of the rising morbidity of bacterial infections in the public healthcare system. Outbreaks of pathogenic strains have increased the demand for antibacterial components in numerous nations, with zinc oxide emerging as a promising option. This has to do with the fact that they are more effective against gram-positive bacteria than most nanoparticles. The growing impact of such microorganisms on food safety, particularly in the ready-to-eat segment, has fueled zinc oxide market product development. Zinc oxide's increasing use in antimicrobial packaging is likely to expand its biomedical applications. In 2020, the global zinc oxide market was worth over 1,400 kilotons, and it is predicted to rise at a CAGR of over 4% in volume over the forecast period (2021-2026). Growing demand from various end-use industries, as well as increased investments in R&D projects, are some of the key contributing factors driving the Global Zinc Oxide Market forward. Key Players • Bharat Zinc Ltd. • Ess Vee Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • Hindustan Zinc Ltd. • K A Wires Ltd. • Lords Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: 12 MT per DayPlant & machinery: 181 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 595 Lakh
Return: 31.00%Break even: 59.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

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