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Best Business Opportunities in West Bengal- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production. The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country. Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities. There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal.

West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India's total. Lignite mined in Darjeeling is used to make briquettes. West Bengal ranks next to Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in production of fireclay. China clay used in the pottery, paper, textile, rubber and paint industries are unearthed at Mohammad Bazar in Birbhum and Mejia in Bankura. Limestone which is used in cement industry is mined in Bankura, Purulia, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. There are copper mines in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. Small quantities of low quality iron-ore are mined in Bardhaman, Purulia, Birbhum and Darjeeling. There are manganese in the Jhargram region of Paschim Medinipur, Purulia and Bardhaman. The state’s production of dolomite comes from the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Keeping pace with the liberalised Mineral Policy being adopted by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal has formulated its Mineral Policy in 2002. Among the basic objectives of the West Bengal Mineral Policy, 2002 following are worth mentioning:

1. To review the existing State monopolies over mineral exploration and wherever required, go in for selective de-reservation.

2. To invite private capital, resources and technology, both foreign and domestic, for better exploration and exploitation;

3. To promote necessary linkages for smooth and uninterrupted development of mineral based industries to meet the needs of the State.

4. To ensure proper vigilance and supervision of mining activities with particular emphasis on simplification of procedures and greater generation of revenues from mineral resources.

5. To develop industry friendly facilities in specific minerals like, Coal, Granite and China Clay and in Natural gas like Coal bed Methane.

 

Iron and Steel: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

India has one of the richest reserves of all the raw materials required for the industry, namely land, capital, cheap labour, iron ore, power, coal etc. Yet India is 5th in the world ranking for production of steel. Iron and steel is basis for laying the vibrant Indian industry. Production of steel has come to exist as an index of a country's potential, industrial and economic growth. The making of iron and steel had been known to the people of India since long. The iron pillar of Delhi is a proof of it and speaks of the quality of steel produced in this country in ancient times. The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The per capita usage of steel gives an indication of the technological advancement of a nation.

RESOURCES:

The growth of steel industry in the State is largely related to the proximity of raw materials, skilled manpower, port facilities and the vast market for steel products. Given these location advantages, large numbers of mini integrated steel plants have already been set up in the state manufacturing a wide range of products such as sponge irons, mild steels, iron pipes etc. The neighbouring Eastern States of India viz. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chattisgarh are endowed with huge iron ore reserves along with cooking coal and non-cooking coal. The establishment of Bengal Iron Works at Kulti in Burdwan district of West Bengal in 1870 where the first commercial blast furnace was set up in 1875 heralded the commencement of this industry in the State.

The easy availability of power, competitive rates of freight, close proximity to areas with natural resources relevant to the industry, and labour force traditionality skilled in operating iron and steel units are factors that have influenced the surge in investment in this sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The Indian leather sector meets 10% of global finished leather requirement. The leather industry is spread in different segments, namely, tanning & finishing, footwear & footwear components, leather garments, leather goods including saddlery & harness, etc.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has been functioning as a vast raw material resource base for the leather industry in the form of hides and skins. However, Indian leather export has undergone a transition from the export of raw hides and skins in the fifties to value added finished leather in the nineties. In the context, leather processing industries in West Bengal needed a strong structural support and proposal was mooted for setting up an eco-friendly complex near Calcutta with modern technical and training facilities. In this full scale integrated leather complex, facilities for leather-finishing, computer-aided design centres, modern training centre for up gradation are also being provided. This mega complex will also have manufacturing units to produce footwear uppers, finished foot wears, leather goods and garments to catering to the expanding domestic and export markets. The availability of a wide range of cost effective leather chemicals with consistent quality is crucial for the success of such a mega complex. Entrepreneurs can set up manufacturing units in the mega complex for both tanning chemicals and post-tanning chemical auxiliaries.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semifinished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Petrochemicals: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Since the beginning, the Indian petrochemical industry has shown an enviable growth rate. This industry also contributes largely to the economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.    

RESOURCES:

The state of West Bengal accounts for almost 4% of India’s production of petroleum products and 13% of India’s polymer production. The production has almost doubled in the last decade. Crude throughput at Haldia refinery increased to 5,502 million tones and its capacity utilization increased to 91.7% during 2005-06.

The growth of the Petrochemical sector has been very impressive both in terms of units set up and investment volume. The main reason for the recent growth of this industry is due to upstream and downstream industry linkages by the oil refining and petrochemical units set up in the state. The industry is due to receive a further fillip with the announcement of US$ 1 billion gas pipeline project to bring natural gas in the state. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. is India’s second largest integrated petrochemical complex. Currently producing 1.5 million tons of polymers and chemicals and has grown significantly to its present turnover of US$ 1.4 billion.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Encourage public sector companies & nationalized banks to enter the capital market to raise resources & offer new investment avenues.

•        Invite & encourage private sector investment in these industries in order to accelerate growth.

•        Set up Petroleum, Chemical & Petroleum Investment Regions (PCPIR) in the state to promote investment on a global scale.

•        Foreign Technology investments will be invited in the petrochemical industries.

•        Encourage Foreign Equity participation in the petrochemical industries.

 

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is one of the three front running states in India in food and agro processing sector. Fruits, vegetables and cereals grow in abundance in West Bengal. The state accounts for 30% of potatoes, 27% of pineapples, 12% of bananas and 16% of India’s rice production. Additionally fruits like mangoes, papaya, guava and jackfruit and vegetables like tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, are available in plenty.

West Bengal is the largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables and fruits in the country and second largest producer of potatoes and lychees. It ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country and accounts for 10% of the country’s edible oil production. It is a substantial producer of spices, coconut, cashew nut, arecanut, betel vine and oilseeds. West Bengal is also one of the leading states in pisciculture since it the largest producer of fish.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Agro & Food Processing Industries form a very important part of the State’s economy. The West Bengal Government is setting up a number of policies & plans to focus on the selected areas like vegetables, fruits, fisheries, rice, poultry, dairy & floriculture. The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Increase agricultural production & productivity vertically through wider adoption of appropriate eco-system-specific & cost effective technology.

•        Bring more area under High Yielding Variety (HYV), hybrid & improved varieties of crops.

•        Emphasize increase production of pulses & oil seeds in non-traditional areas & non-conventional seasons.

•        Create employment opportunities in this sector to improve the socio-economic status of the farmers & also to remove sub-regional disparity.

•        Extending soil-testing facilities up to district level for proper use of fertilizer.

•        Post-harvest technology for reducing loss & better marketability.

•        Bring cultivable waste land & fallow land under cultivation.

•        Application of low cost technology for increasing production & productivity.

•        More money involvement in agriculture.

•        Encourage private entrepreneurship for processing of fruits, vegetables & horticultural items.

•        Promote floriculture parks & flower complexes in the state.

•        Other Business Process, knowledge Process and Engineering Process Outsourcing services

The State Government is encouraging the farmers for mechanization through the use of modern agricultural implements & machines for timely farm operation & reduction in the cost of cultivation.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of the capital city of the state of West Bengal. West Bengal has traditionally been a major producer of cotton textile as well in the country. Jute textile manufacturing is the most prominent industry in West Bengal due to availability of raw jute in the state. At present there are 59 Jute mills in West Bengal. Main jute products are Hessian, sacking, jute bags, and other items produced by jute. Most of the jute mills are located on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata. West Bengal is the leader and pioneer in the country for the manufacturing of Jute textiles. Hosiery industry in West Bengal has a huge grow potential as Bengal was the birthplace of hosiery industry in India.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Biopharma and bioservices sectors contributed 63 per cent and 33 per cent, respectively, to the total biotech exports. The bioagriculture, bioindustrials and bioinformatics sectors remained focussed on domestic operations, bringing in nearly 90 per cent of their revenues from India.

RESOURCES

West Bengal has a vast knowledge base with few of the premiers institutes of India located here.          Presence of Kharagpur IIT which over the years have done path breaking research in this sector is a major resource of biotechnology development. It has rich bio diversity, characterized by several species of medicinal & aromatic plants and diverse agro climatic zones. A matrix of 75 deliverable products is ready for commercialization in the agro and medical sector. Increase awareness among people about the adverse side effects of synthetic drags.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The state has been putting efforts to facilitate the growth of biotech industries and development of clean biotech technologies. The various key initiatives under this section include:

•        Conserve bio-diversity through mapping and sustainable use of bio-resources.

•        Create a "Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology" as a high quality support service to Biotech Industries.

•        Facilitate the flow of venture capital funds and bank credit to Biotech companies.

•        Spread general awareness for optimum utilisation of Biotechnology in the agriculture sector.

 

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market. The Indian auto component industry has kept pace with technological developments and is today catering not only to OEM and Tier I auto makers in India but abroad as well. Many Indian auto part makers have today also succeeded in emerging as the supplier of choice to global auto majors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has traditionally been very strong in the engineering industries and has been an important manufacturing base in the past. West Bengal’s Hindustan Motors was one of the pioneers by commencing production of vehicles in the state in the year 1948. Recently it has collaborated with Mitsubishi Company of Japan to diverse into a wide range of cars and manufactures everything related to automobile industry like trekkers, trucks, and also luxury cars like Mitsubishi Lancer and touching a consolidated net sale of US$ 233.47 million in the last fiscal year. West Bengal realizing this huge potential in this sector has geared up with appropriate plans and policies to boost this sector. Also it has got certain inherent competitive advantages since the state is located in the heart of India’s steel and manufacturing cluster.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

•        Encouraging development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources.

•        Development of domestic safety & environmental standards at par with the international standards.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies & availability of appropriate auto fuels.

The State is also encouraging dynamic investment in the sector to create an environment for volume production & indigenous capability for small cars & auto parts.

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is the second largest tea growing state in the countryl contributing almost 21% of the total production in the country. There are three tea-growing zones in the state;       Darjeeling,          Terai and Dooars. Darjeeling tea is considered to be the finest in the world. There are 343 tea gardens in West Bengal covering 1,03,950 hectares planted area. Some of the major players in the Tea industry in West Bengal include Tata Tea Ltd, James Finlay & Company. Both of them together are representing world’s second largest global branded tea operations with product and brand presence in over 50 countries. Goodricke Group Ltd. (GGL) a part of the UK-based Cammelia Plc, the world’s single largest tea producer in the private sector. In India it is the third largest tea producer and the leading producer of Darjeeling tea.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The tea industry in India is highly regulated. It requires licenses for its import or export. While The Tea Act, 1953 controls production and distribution activities, the Tea (Marketing) Control Order, 2003 regulates tea sales and stipulates that a defined percentage of tea produced from each garden be sold through the auction system. In addition to this central cess, States also levy sales tax on sale of tea. Profits from production and sale of tea are subject to agricultural income tax by the states. Thus, the residual income after paying corporate tax is taxed again. This tax is levied on profits accruing to gardens located in respective state. 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in tea industry is permitted subject to compulsory divestment of 26% equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner / Indian public within five years from the date of investment.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has the widest variety of attractions in terms of tourist spots from the bustling Kolkata Megapolis with its historical and modern charms, to the zones of tranquillity like the Himalayan terrain in the north to the Sunderbans in the south. The state is endowed with all the diversities of nature that is a tourist’s dream. From the arid Chhota Nagpur plateau region in the west, forests in the north and south, mountains in the north, sea beaches in the south and rivers crisscrossing the whole of the state the varied panorama offers the discerning traveller a very wide choice and caters to the requirements of varied travel segments. More specifically, the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas, Darjeeling, referred by many as the Queen of the Hill Stations, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway declared as a World Heritage Site, the vast tea estates of the Dooars, the famed Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans, the innumerable historical landmarks of India’s and Bengal’s glorious history are all wonders for the prospective tourists.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

There are 609 hazardous waste generating units in West Bengal. Amongst the nineteen districts of the state, two districts (Darjeeling and South Dinajpur) do not generate hazardous waste. The total quantum of hazardous waste generation from West Bengal is 2,59,776.24 metric tonnes per annum. (MTPA), out of which 46 per cent (1,20,596.41 MTPA) is landfillable, 49 per cent (1,26,596.38 MTPA) is recyclable and the remaining 5 per cent (12,583.45 MTPA) is incinerable by nature. Interestingly, it was observed that the majority of hazardous waste generating units in the state is small and is generating meagre quantity of waste, whereas the units generating substantial amount of hazardous wastes are limited in number.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Pencil Sharpeners (Plastic) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Generally, pencil sharpeners can be classified into electric pencil sharpeners and manual pencil sharpeners. Since the electric pencil sharpeners are not frequently used for sharpening pencils, they usually keep in a standby condition, which will consume powers of the batteries and is not environment protective. Conversely, hand-cranked pencil sharpeners are in a large market demand since they do not require any power supply and are compact and portable. The pencil is inserted into the sharpener and rotated while the sharpener is held motionless. The body of the sharpener is often contoured, ridged or grooved to make the small block easier to firmly grip. In a Babcock Duplex Pencil Sharpener, the pencil is inserted into the chuck on the side of the machine. When the crank on top of the machine is turned with the right hand, the gang of six blades rotates, shaving the pencil, while the chuck holding the pencil revolves. As the cutting proceeds, the cutter is advanced toward the pencil by applying pressure on a feed bar with the left hand. The Duplex is 3” tall. Pencil sharpeners are necessary for any office that uses pencils regularly. Place a sharpener in every work area, letting the employees easily maintain their writing instruments. The Indian stationery industry is highly scattered and is largely dominated by the unorganised sector and the situation is quite alarming for the organised players industry. Factors like lack of modern production facilities, unorganised nature of functioning, marginal demands, government policies and international competition are largely contributing to the slow growth of the organised stationery industry in India. Established players are increasing their penetration by launching rural and urban-specific brands with different price tags so as to cater for both markets. The leading players are also increasing their manufacturing capacity to cater for overall growing demand for writing instruments in India. Thus it is a good project for investment.
Plant capacity: 5000 Pcs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 9 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 24 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 72.00%
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Fiber Optical Cables - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

An optical fiber (or optical fibre) is a flexible, transparent fiber made of extruded glass (silica) or plastic, slightly thicker than a human hair. It can function as a waveguide, or “light pipe”, to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber.Power over Fiber (PoF) optic cables can also work to deliver an electric current for low-power electric devices. The field of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and application of optical fibers is known as fiber optics. Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic communications, where they permit transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than wire cables. Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along them with less loss and are also immune to electromagnetic interference. Fibers are also used for illumination, and are wrapped in bundles so that they may be used to carry images, thus allowing viewing in confined spaces. Specially designed fibers are used for a variety of other applications, including sensors and fiber lasers. The extensive use of fiber optic cables in the telecommunications industry has provided the technological and economical platform for practical deployment in many other applications. Current industries using fiber optic cables for demanding security applications include: Aerospace , Bridges , Nuclear Facilities ,Highways and Traffic Intersections , Department of Energy and other areas also. Despite enormous potential generated by the growth of the end-user segments, the cable industry (both sectors - power and telecom cables) has remained sluggish. In the telecom sector, the processes of private entry encountered several policy roadblocks in the early stages. None-theless, the industry is on the move with the telecom sector getting globalised and transformed technologically with the shift from jelly-filled (JFTC) to optic fibre cables (OFC). Out of the total market of telecom cables, JFTC accounts for over two-third, while the balance goes to the optic fibre cables. The industry recorded a very impressive growth of 115% in 2004-05 over the preceding year. Thus, Fiber Optical Cables is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aksh Optifibre Ltd. • Birla Ericsson Optical Ltd. • Optel Telecommunications Ltd. • Spectra Punjab Pvt. Ltd. • Sterlite Telecables Ltd. • Tamilnadu Telecommunications Ltd.
Plant capacity: 50 KMeters/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 3563 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 4266 Lakhs
Return: 19.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Honeycomb Paper Products (Board, Paper Partition, Pallets & 5 Ply Corrugated Boxes) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

The manufacture of modern structural honeycombs probably began in the late 1930s when J. D. Lincoln manufactured Kraft paper honeycomb for use in the furniture built by Lincoln Industries in Marion, Virginia, USA. The material was used in sandwich panels which consisted of thin hardwood facings bonded to a relatively thick slice of paper honeycomb. At the outbreak of World War II paper honeycomb was used by the Glen L. Martin Company in radomes - structural enclosures for radar antennas, which were then in their infancy. It was quite successful; however, the paper core did pick up moisture. Martin later developed a honeycomb made of cotton duck fabric and by the end of World War II they had produced honeycomb cores made of cotton fabric, glass fabric and Aluminium foil. The main use of honeycomb is in structural applications. This is because honeycomb sandwich panels are extremely efficient in stiffness-to-weight and strength-to-weight situations. Whenever light weight is a premium honeycomb sandwich construction is very difficult to beat. The use of honeycomb core structure finds application in the following areas : • Aircraft • Aerospace • Transportation • Building construction • Sporting equipment With increasing trends to tighter tolerances and process optimization, the issue of moisture absorption by Honeycomb paper and the effect on its properties needs to be explained. Dimensional changes of Honeycomb paper due to moisture content are relatively small compared to other paper structures. Compared to film structures, however, these changes are significant and need to be taken into consideration at both the design and manufacturing stages. Corrugated fiberboard has more than 100 years of history and features the advantages of low cost, light weight, ease of processing, high strength, and suitability for printing. Apart from meeting the demand for environmental protection by using corrugated fiberboard materials, the works on show at the exhibition also accommodated trends in the furniture design world, using bonding techniques or latch principles. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: Paper Board:2.50 MT/Day•Paper Partitions:2.50 MT/Day•Paper Pallets:2.50 MT/Day•5 Ply Corrugated Boxes:2.50 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 214 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 480 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 53.00%
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PVC Flex Banner (Frontlit, Backlit & Vinyl) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

PVC flex is made out of PVC and fabric raw material, specially designed for solvent printing industry. It is suitable for indoor and outdoor printing used in billboard, display, banners and exhibition booth decoration. PVC Flex is best to all Digital printer specially designed for Indian market. Due to stable chemical character and excellent ink absorbency, PVC Flex will bring wonderful digital printing images for large format picture advertisements. In virtue of the high classic quality and best sales service, nowadays PVC Flex is playing an important role in signage & Banner Advertising industry. Flex is a sheet of polythene widely used to deliver high quality digital print for outdoor hoardings and banner, mainly printed by large color plotters in CMYK mode. These prints are efficient, Low-cost and durable substitutes of hand painted hoarding and hand written banner. Laminated Backlit flex products are widely used for indoor and outdoor advertisement. Its surface has fine ink absorption which is compatible for all solvent-based printers such as Vutek, Nur, Scitex, etc. With special treatment, the products have a good property of anti-microbial and anti-aging. Backlit flex is a good translucent media material design for backlit displays which perform a high printing quality while printing a single strike image. Its certain finishing treatment makes ideal performance. This market is booming with 25-30% annual growth and is worth around Rs 500-600 crore. PVC is the third-most-used plastic or polymer petrochemical, after polyethylene and polypropylene. Depending on the manufacturing process or polymerisation, there are two types of PVC. Suspension is plain or rigid PVC, used for construction works, while emulsion or paste PVC is used in coating and blending applications. PVC flex is an end-product, used in tarpaulins, canvas and printing. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: PVC Flex Banner (Frontlit/Backlit) 440 g/m2:13 MT/Day•PVC Flex Banner Vinyl 440 g/m2:12 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 832 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project Rs 1208 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 48.00%
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SCHOOL (CBSE Pattern) - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project

Education is today identified among basic needs, as essential for an individual’s survival as ‘food, clothing and shelter.’ The need for education has been recognized in all parts of the country and among all sections of society. Education brings success and success translates into social recognition. Though we have developed well in higher education system, a limited infrastructure facility is there in most of the educational institutions. Opening school in India is a herculean task, however more and more people are entering in school business; for the demand for school appears unending in India. The promising business opportunity can be discovered in the light of absence of quality school, growing population, and increasing desire to provide quality education to one’s children. A school is an unique business as it cannot be even termed a business. Schools cannot be set up by private entities. They have to be run by a society formed under the Societies Act of 1860, or a trust under Public Trust Act as existent in different states, or by forming a company under Section 25 of the Companies Act 1956.
Plant capacity: Total Students per Annum:750 Students/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 20 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 578 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: 1.00%
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Sanitary Napkins - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Technical textiles are defined as textile materials and products used primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics. Thus Sanitary Napkin comes under Nonwoven fabrics which as a whole come under technical textile. Non woven Fabrics are broadly defined as sheet or web structures bonded together by entangling fibre or filaments (and by perforating films) mechanically, thermally or chemically. They are flat, porous sheets made directly from separate fibres or from molten plastic or plastic film. They are not made by weaving or knitting and do not require converting the fibres to yarn. The Sanitary napkin industry is closely connected with the mode of life, which is in turn directly correlated to housing. Accordingly this industry has always grown by keeping space with improvement in living and it is new indispensable for sanitary in modern housing. A woman will use an average of 10000 pieces of sanitary napkins within 30 to 40 years in her entire lifetime. Having a trusted brand of sanitary napkins has become paramount for every modern woman. Not only must the sanitary napkin provide comfort and safety, but also enhance every woman's health and lifestyle. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Uses Sanitary Napkins are exclusively used by adult girls & Ladies around the world during for maintaining physical aid & to avoid wetting or staining of the clothes. India’s sanitary napkin market has significant profit potential. The demand for such products is stable; purchases are recurring and not subject to normal business cycles. Historically, the price of feminine hygiene products have been relatively expensive, but that is changing as small and large businesses enter the market and make an accessible, lower-priced offering to a wider consumer base. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd. • Centron Industrial Alliance Ltd. • Dhanalaxmi Roto Spinners Ltd. • Diapers India Ltd. • Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. • Gufic Biosciences Ltd. • Johnson & Johnson Ltd. • Kimberly Clark Lever Pvt. Ltd. • Mediklin Healthcare Ltd. • Syncom Healthcare Ltd. • Tainwala Personal Care Products Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 96000 Pcs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 76 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 325 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Cold Storage with Ice Plant - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project

India is the largest producer of fruits and second largest producer of vegetables in the world. Fruits & vegetables, being perishable in nature require certain techniques of preservation for retaining the freshness intact and making them an acceptable item even after few days of ripening. It also facilitates the farmer to realize a better price instead of selling the product at a throw away price due to the perishability. This necessity as evolved a new concept of storing these items at below or just above sub-zero temperatures known as cold storage. Introduction of Cold storage / Cold room facility will help them in removing the risk of distress sale and simultaneously will ensure better returns. The annual production of fruits and vegetables in the country accounts for 18 to 20% of our agriculture output. Varied agro climatic conditions and better availability of scientific package of practices, there is a vast scope for increasing the production. Cold Storage is a special kind of room, the temperature of which is kept very low with the help of machines and precision instruments. India is having a unique geographical position and a wide range of soil, thus producing variety of fruits and vegetables like apples, grapes, oranges, potatoes, chillies, ginger, etc. Marine products are also being produced in large quantities due to large coastal areas. As per 2008-09 figures, India produces around 215 Million Tons of Fruits and Vegetables, 3 Billion Tons of Marine Products, 109 Million Tons of Milk, 56 Billion Eggs and 38 Million Tons of Meat per annum. Commercially apples, potatoes, oranges, etc are stored on large scale in the cold storages. Other important costly raw materials like dry fruits, chemicals, essences and processed foods like fruit juice/pulp, concentrate dairy products, frozen meat, fish and eggs are also stored in cold storages to regulate marketing channels of these products. Therefore, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Uses Cold storage is used to preserve fruits and vegetables. Once they are kept in the cold storage, they do not get spoiled even after many months. Sometimes, in production season of certain vegetable or fruit crops, the demand for those thing decreases, which in turn decreases the consumption in surplus amount of that particular item and it is kept in a cold storage. 1. Ice is used in large quantities during summer seasons. 2. It is used in every hotel, restaurant, and other shops. 3. It finds its uses in making sharbats, and others household cold drinks. 4. It is used in chemical industries for different application. 5. Application of ice ranges over many fields such a chemicals, nuclear, fishery and medical. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Allana Cold Storage Ltd. • Anjaneya Cold Storage Ltd. • Asvini Fisheries Pvt. Ltd. • H M G Industries Ltd. • Hindusthan Ice & Cold Storage Co. Ltd. • Ideal Ice & Cold Storage Co. Ltd. • Indagro Foods Ltd. • Jindal Steel & Alloys Ltd. • Karnavati Cold Storage Ltd. • Karnimata Cold Storage Ltd. • Kisan Cold Storage & Refrigeration Service Ltd. • Mohan Meakin Ltd. • Nav Bharat Refrigeration & Inds. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Cold Storage (Service On Rent): 5,000.0 Kgs./ Day•Ice Slab (120 Kgs each Ice Slab):40.0 Slab / DayPlant & machinery: Rs 52 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 243 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Barley Malt - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Barley Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in a process known as "malting". The grains are made to germinate by soaking in water, and are then halted from germinating further by drying with hot air. Malting grains develop the enzymes required to modify the grain's starches into sugars, including the monosaccharide glucose, the disaccharide maltose, the trisaccharide maltotriose, and higher sugars called maltodextrines. Barley Malt also contains small amounts of other sugars, such as sucrose and fructose. Barley Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted shakes, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels and rich tea biscuits. Malted grain that has been ground into a coarse meal is known as "sweet meal". Various cereals are malted, though barley is the most common. Malting is the process of converting barley or other cereal grains into malt, for use in brewing, distilling, or in foods and takes place in a maltings, sometimes called a malthouse, or a malting floor. Out of the total production of 14.5 lakh MT in the country hardly 10% is used for Malt production. About 5-10% is reportedly used for human consumption and about 4-5% is retained by the farmers as seed. The large quantity of remaining barley is used as feed for the animals. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Haryana Suraj Maltings Ltd. • Jagatjit Industries Ltd. • John Distilleries Pvt. Ltd. • Malt Company (India) Pvt. Ltd. • Maltex Malsters Ltd. • Millennium Beer Inds. Ltd. • National Cereals Products Ltd. • United Breweries Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 408 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1672 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 43.00%
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BLOOD BAGS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Blood bag is a disposable bio-medical device used for collection, storage, transportation and transfusion of human blood and blood components. The system consists of a single or multiple bag connected with tubings, needle, needle cover, clamp etc. The Blood Bags are made of plastic-material, which are compatible with blood. The introduction of flexible PVC bags for the storage of blood and its components totally replaced the use of glass bottles because of its numerous advantages. Blood bags enable better separation of blood components in a more sterile manner and safer transfusion of components. This has led to increasingly wider use of blood component therapy than whole blood use, thus enabling more effective use of the scarce donor blood that is available. Blood Bags can successfully replace the use of glass bottles for collection storage, transportation and transfusion of blood and blood components since bottles require exhaustive cleaning, rinsing and autoclaving procedures and there are chances of breakage at any stage. Further, use of disposable bags eliminates the possibility of any contamination. Blood bags contain an anticoagulant solution and a red blood cell preservative solution, and are used in blood banks which both collect donor blood and separate blood components. Blood bags are made from imported, medical grade PVC granules & sheets in Class 10000 Clean room environments. Increase in the healthcare facilities will further act as a driver for the growth of medical devices sector in India. The blood bag market is expected to grow further in the coming years owing to continuous developments and rising demand for better blood collection technology. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: 30000 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs 426 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1465 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Heptafluoropropane - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, also called heptafluoropropane, HFC-227 or HFC-227ea (ISO name), is a colourless, odourless gaseous halocarbon commonly helped as a gaseous fire suppression agent. Its chemical formula is CF3-CHF-CF3, or C3HF7. With a boiling point of -16.4°C, it is a gas at room temperature. It is slightly soluble in water (260 mg/L). HFC-227ea is almost not transformed in the body. During exposure blood concentrations rise rapidly to a maximum, but is also rapidly cleared from the blood via respiration after cessation of exposure. HFC-227ea has no toxicity after single and after repeated exposure for prolonged periods. The gas is not an irritant to the respiratory tract and does not cause genetic effects. The data on HFC-227ea do not indicate that the gas causes cancer. Uses HFC-227ea finds use in fire suppression systems in data processing and telecommunication facilities, and in protection of many flammable liquids and gases. HFC-227ea falls in the category of Clean Agents and is governed by NFPA 2001 - Standard for Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems. Effective fire suppression requires introducing a concentration of the HFC-227ea agent between 6.25% and 9% depending on the hazard being protected. Its NOAEL level for cardiac sensitization is 9%. The United States Environmental Protection Agency allows concentration of 9% volume in occupied spaces without mandated egress time, or up to 10.5% for a herped time. Most fire suppression systems are designed to provide concentration of 6.25-9%. Further the heptafluoropropane is indicated to be useful at lower vapor pressures, to have better pressure-seal properties, elastomer compatibility and solvent power, and to provide higher formulation stability while being non-flammable. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 2 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 116 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 1108 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 59.00%
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