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Best Business Opportunities in West Bengal- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production. The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country. Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities. There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal.

West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India's total. Lignite mined in Darjeeling is used to make briquettes. West Bengal ranks next to Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in production of fireclay. China clay used in the pottery, paper, textile, rubber and paint industries are unearthed at Mohammad Bazar in Birbhum and Mejia in Bankura. Limestone which is used in cement industry is mined in Bankura, Purulia, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. There are copper mines in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. Small quantities of low quality iron-ore are mined in Bardhaman, Purulia, Birbhum and Darjeeling. There are manganese in the Jhargram region of Paschim Medinipur, Purulia and Bardhaman. The state’s production of dolomite comes from the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Keeping pace with the liberalised Mineral Policy being adopted by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal has formulated its Mineral Policy in 2002. Among the basic objectives of the West Bengal Mineral Policy, 2002 following are worth mentioning:

1. To review the existing State monopolies over mineral exploration and wherever required, go in for selective de-reservation.

2. To invite private capital, resources and technology, both foreign and domestic, for better exploration and exploitation;

3. To promote necessary linkages for smooth and uninterrupted development of mineral based industries to meet the needs of the State.

4. To ensure proper vigilance and supervision of mining activities with particular emphasis on simplification of procedures and greater generation of revenues from mineral resources.

5. To develop industry friendly facilities in specific minerals like, Coal, Granite and China Clay and in Natural gas like Coal bed Methane.

 

Iron and Steel: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

India has one of the richest reserves of all the raw materials required for the industry, namely land, capital, cheap labour, iron ore, power, coal etc. Yet India is 5th in the world ranking for production of steel. Iron and steel is basis for laying the vibrant Indian industry. Production of steel has come to exist as an index of a country's potential, industrial and economic growth. The making of iron and steel had been known to the people of India since long. The iron pillar of Delhi is a proof of it and speaks of the quality of steel produced in this country in ancient times. The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The per capita usage of steel gives an indication of the technological advancement of a nation.

RESOURCES:

The growth of steel industry in the State is largely related to the proximity of raw materials, skilled manpower, port facilities and the vast market for steel products. Given these location advantages, large numbers of mini integrated steel plants have already been set up in the state manufacturing a wide range of products such as sponge irons, mild steels, iron pipes etc. The neighbouring Eastern States of India viz. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chattisgarh are endowed with huge iron ore reserves along with cooking coal and non-cooking coal. The establishment of Bengal Iron Works at Kulti in Burdwan district of West Bengal in 1870 where the first commercial blast furnace was set up in 1875 heralded the commencement of this industry in the State.

The easy availability of power, competitive rates of freight, close proximity to areas with natural resources relevant to the industry, and labour force traditionality skilled in operating iron and steel units are factors that have influenced the surge in investment in this sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The Indian leather sector meets 10% of global finished leather requirement. The leather industry is spread in different segments, namely, tanning & finishing, footwear & footwear components, leather garments, leather goods including saddlery & harness, etc.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has been functioning as a vast raw material resource base for the leather industry in the form of hides and skins. However, Indian leather export has undergone a transition from the export of raw hides and skins in the fifties to value added finished leather in the nineties. In the context, leather processing industries in West Bengal needed a strong structural support and proposal was mooted for setting up an eco-friendly complex near Calcutta with modern technical and training facilities. In this full scale integrated leather complex, facilities for leather-finishing, computer-aided design centres, modern training centre for up gradation are also being provided. This mega complex will also have manufacturing units to produce footwear uppers, finished foot wears, leather goods and garments to catering to the expanding domestic and export markets. The availability of a wide range of cost effective leather chemicals with consistent quality is crucial for the success of such a mega complex. Entrepreneurs can set up manufacturing units in the mega complex for both tanning chemicals and post-tanning chemical auxiliaries.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semifinished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Petrochemicals: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Since the beginning, the Indian petrochemical industry has shown an enviable growth rate. This industry also contributes largely to the economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.    

RESOURCES:

The state of West Bengal accounts for almost 4% of India’s production of petroleum products and 13% of India’s polymer production. The production has almost doubled in the last decade. Crude throughput at Haldia refinery increased to 5,502 million tones and its capacity utilization increased to 91.7% during 2005-06.

The growth of the Petrochemical sector has been very impressive both in terms of units set up and investment volume. The main reason for the recent growth of this industry is due to upstream and downstream industry linkages by the oil refining and petrochemical units set up in the state. The industry is due to receive a further fillip with the announcement of US$ 1 billion gas pipeline project to bring natural gas in the state. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. is India’s second largest integrated petrochemical complex. Currently producing 1.5 million tons of polymers and chemicals and has grown significantly to its present turnover of US$ 1.4 billion.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Encourage public sector companies & nationalized banks to enter the capital market to raise resources & offer new investment avenues.

•        Invite & encourage private sector investment in these industries in order to accelerate growth.

•        Set up Petroleum, Chemical & Petroleum Investment Regions (PCPIR) in the state to promote investment on a global scale.

•        Foreign Technology investments will be invited in the petrochemical industries.

•        Encourage Foreign Equity participation in the petrochemical industries.

 

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is one of the three front running states in India in food and agro processing sector. Fruits, vegetables and cereals grow in abundance in West Bengal. The state accounts for 30% of potatoes, 27% of pineapples, 12% of bananas and 16% of India’s rice production. Additionally fruits like mangoes, papaya, guava and jackfruit and vegetables like tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, are available in plenty.

West Bengal is the largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables and fruits in the country and second largest producer of potatoes and lychees. It ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country and accounts for 10% of the country’s edible oil production. It is a substantial producer of spices, coconut, cashew nut, arecanut, betel vine and oilseeds. West Bengal is also one of the leading states in pisciculture since it the largest producer of fish.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Agro & Food Processing Industries form a very important part of the State’s economy. The West Bengal Government is setting up a number of policies & plans to focus on the selected areas like vegetables, fruits, fisheries, rice, poultry, dairy & floriculture. The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Increase agricultural production & productivity vertically through wider adoption of appropriate eco-system-specific & cost effective technology.

•        Bring more area under High Yielding Variety (HYV), hybrid & improved varieties of crops.

•        Emphasize increase production of pulses & oil seeds in non-traditional areas & non-conventional seasons.

•        Create employment opportunities in this sector to improve the socio-economic status of the farmers & also to remove sub-regional disparity.

•        Extending soil-testing facilities up to district level for proper use of fertilizer.

•        Post-harvest technology for reducing loss & better marketability.

•        Bring cultivable waste land & fallow land under cultivation.

•        Application of low cost technology for increasing production & productivity.

•        More money involvement in agriculture.

•        Encourage private entrepreneurship for processing of fruits, vegetables & horticultural items.

•        Promote floriculture parks & flower complexes in the state.

•        Other Business Process, knowledge Process and Engineering Process Outsourcing services

The State Government is encouraging the farmers for mechanization through the use of modern agricultural implements & machines for timely farm operation & reduction in the cost of cultivation.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of the capital city of the state of West Bengal. West Bengal has traditionally been a major producer of cotton textile as well in the country. Jute textile manufacturing is the most prominent industry in West Bengal due to availability of raw jute in the state. At present there are 59 Jute mills in West Bengal. Main jute products are Hessian, sacking, jute bags, and other items produced by jute. Most of the jute mills are located on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata. West Bengal is the leader and pioneer in the country for the manufacturing of Jute textiles. Hosiery industry in West Bengal has a huge grow potential as Bengal was the birthplace of hosiery industry in India.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Biopharma and bioservices sectors contributed 63 per cent and 33 per cent, respectively, to the total biotech exports. The bioagriculture, bioindustrials and bioinformatics sectors remained focussed on domestic operations, bringing in nearly 90 per cent of their revenues from India.

RESOURCES

West Bengal has a vast knowledge base with few of the premiers institutes of India located here.          Presence of Kharagpur IIT which over the years have done path breaking research in this sector is a major resource of biotechnology development. It has rich bio diversity, characterized by several species of medicinal & aromatic plants and diverse agro climatic zones. A matrix of 75 deliverable products is ready for commercialization in the agro and medical sector. Increase awareness among people about the adverse side effects of synthetic drags.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The state has been putting efforts to facilitate the growth of biotech industries and development of clean biotech technologies. The various key initiatives under this section include:

•        Conserve bio-diversity through mapping and sustainable use of bio-resources.

•        Create a "Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology" as a high quality support service to Biotech Industries.

•        Facilitate the flow of venture capital funds and bank credit to Biotech companies.

•        Spread general awareness for optimum utilisation of Biotechnology in the agriculture sector.

 

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market. The Indian auto component industry has kept pace with technological developments and is today catering not only to OEM and Tier I auto makers in India but abroad as well. Many Indian auto part makers have today also succeeded in emerging as the supplier of choice to global auto majors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has traditionally been very strong in the engineering industries and has been an important manufacturing base in the past. West Bengal’s Hindustan Motors was one of the pioneers by commencing production of vehicles in the state in the year 1948. Recently it has collaborated with Mitsubishi Company of Japan to diverse into a wide range of cars and manufactures everything related to automobile industry like trekkers, trucks, and also luxury cars like Mitsubishi Lancer and touching a consolidated net sale of US$ 233.47 million in the last fiscal year. West Bengal realizing this huge potential in this sector has geared up with appropriate plans and policies to boost this sector. Also it has got certain inherent competitive advantages since the state is located in the heart of India’s steel and manufacturing cluster.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

•        Encouraging development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources.

•        Development of domestic safety & environmental standards at par with the international standards.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies & availability of appropriate auto fuels.

The State is also encouraging dynamic investment in the sector to create an environment for volume production & indigenous capability for small cars & auto parts.

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is the second largest tea growing state in the countryl contributing almost 21% of the total production in the country. There are three tea-growing zones in the state;       Darjeeling,          Terai and Dooars. Darjeeling tea is considered to be the finest in the world. There are 343 tea gardens in West Bengal covering 1,03,950 hectares planted area. Some of the major players in the Tea industry in West Bengal include Tata Tea Ltd, James Finlay & Company. Both of them together are representing world’s second largest global branded tea operations with product and brand presence in over 50 countries. Goodricke Group Ltd. (GGL) a part of the UK-based Cammelia Plc, the world’s single largest tea producer in the private sector. In India it is the third largest tea producer and the leading producer of Darjeeling tea.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The tea industry in India is highly regulated. It requires licenses for its import or export. While The Tea Act, 1953 controls production and distribution activities, the Tea (Marketing) Control Order, 2003 regulates tea sales and stipulates that a defined percentage of tea produced from each garden be sold through the auction system. In addition to this central cess, States also levy sales tax on sale of tea. Profits from production and sale of tea are subject to agricultural income tax by the states. Thus, the residual income after paying corporate tax is taxed again. This tax is levied on profits accruing to gardens located in respective state. 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in tea industry is permitted subject to compulsory divestment of 26% equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner / Indian public within five years from the date of investment.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has the widest variety of attractions in terms of tourist spots from the bustling Kolkata Megapolis with its historical and modern charms, to the zones of tranquillity like the Himalayan terrain in the north to the Sunderbans in the south. The state is endowed with all the diversities of nature that is a tourist’s dream. From the arid Chhota Nagpur plateau region in the west, forests in the north and south, mountains in the north, sea beaches in the south and rivers crisscrossing the whole of the state the varied panorama offers the discerning traveller a very wide choice and caters to the requirements of varied travel segments. More specifically, the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas, Darjeeling, referred by many as the Queen of the Hill Stations, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway declared as a World Heritage Site, the vast tea estates of the Dooars, the famed Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans, the innumerable historical landmarks of India’s and Bengal’s glorious history are all wonders for the prospective tourists.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

There are 609 hazardous waste generating units in West Bengal. Amongst the nineteen districts of the state, two districts (Darjeeling and South Dinajpur) do not generate hazardous waste. The total quantum of hazardous waste generation from West Bengal is 2,59,776.24 metric tonnes per annum. (MTPA), out of which 46 per cent (1,20,596.41 MTPA) is landfillable, 49 per cent (1,26,596.38 MTPA) is recyclable and the remaining 5 per cent (12,583.45 MTPA) is incinerable by nature. Interestingly, it was observed that the majority of hazardous waste generating units in the state is small and is generating meagre quantity of waste, whereas the units generating substantial amount of hazardous wastes are limited in number.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Water Treatment Chemicals (R.O., Boiler and Cooling Tower) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Water is the universal solvent and is invariably used for a wide variety of domestic and industrial purposes. The major industrial uses of water are steam generation, cooling, washing, and conveying of materials etc., Above all, it is the major raw material which will become an ingredient in the finished product. Of the many uses of water, steam production is considered as the most important as it is a means of power generation and of several industrial uses. Steam is used to drive turbines and for heating, and to operate pumps, compressors and reciprocating engines. Most chemical process industries require an uninterrupted supply of steam to be used for varied purposes. Water and its impurities are responsible for the corrosion of metals and formation of deposits on heat-transfer surfaces, which in turn reduce efficiency and waste energy. Having seen the effects of corrosion and deposits, let us see how this can be prevented. The path to their prevention can best be approached through understanding their basic causes, why and how they occur. Traditional processes for water treatment will thus consist of a coagulating process including a separation step in the form of flotation and precipitation and sedimentation including a filtering step, and in addition a step of water treatment for corrosion control purposes. Such traditional processes are, however, comprehensive and expensive with respect to processing of lime to so as achieve supply of the lime without leading to operation problems. The addition of lime usually takes place by dosage from a raw material container in the form of a lime silo via a worm conveyor to a slurry tank to dissolve the lime in water, and is then subjected to a post- treatment step in a lime water processing unit, prior to supply to the crude water to be treated.
Plant capacity: 4000 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 86 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 495 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Plastic Injection Moulded Products (Buckets, Tumblers, Tubs & Toilet Bowl Cleaning Brush) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

Injection moulding is one of the most important processes used in plastic articles manufacture in terms of volume thermo-plastics handled and the range of articles manufactured. Injection molding is the most versatile process for the manufacture of plastic products with various shapes, sizes, and dimensions. It continues to be the process of choice for the production of articles with complex three-dimensional (3-D) shapes. Injection molding has been used to produce articles based on composites, foams, rubber and thermosets, in addition to thermoplastics. In fact, in recent years, injection molding methods have been used to manufacture metallic and ceramic products. Many innovations have been introduced to improve the efficiency and versatility of the process and products, including gas and water assisted injection molding and micro-injection molding. The process of injection moulding can be applied with modifications to thermosetting materials also and differs from transfer moulding in that the plasticizing chamber contains enough material to fill the mould several times. The thermoplastics material in general used for injection moulding in clued polyethylene PVC polystyrene, polypropylene, polymethyl metacrylate PTFFZ polyamides, cellulose, derivatives polyurethanes, CAB and polycarbonates. The thermoplastics find numerous application as injection moulded goods. Few of them are given as under:- 1. Buckets 2. Battles 3. Goggles 4. Toys 5. Trays 6. Cycle seat. 7. Cabinets for radio transistors tape recorder T.V. and other electronic appliances Few Indian Major Players are as under • A B C O Plastics Ltd. • Bluplast Industries Ltd. • Bright Brothers Ltd. • Brite Automotive & Plastics Ltd. • Clear Mipak Packaging Solutions Ltd. • Fancy Fittings Ltd. • Mutual Industries Ltd. • National Plastic Inds. Ltd. • National Plastic Technologies Ltd. • National Polyplast (India) Ltd. • Nilkamal Ltd. • Peacock Industries Ltd. • Prima Plastics Ltd. • Synthetic Moulders Ltd. • Wim Plast Ltd.
Plant capacity: Moulded Products : 100 MT/ Day,Toilet Cleaner Brush : 5000 Nos/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 155 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 653 Lakhs
Return: 33.00%Break even: 60.00%
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High Pure Dissolved Acetylene Gas - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Acetylene (C2H2) is known as one of the simplest and most significant chemical in the acetylene series. A compound of carbon and hydrogen, acetylene is a colorless, highly flammable gas that dissociates at normal to low pressures and needs to be stored in high-pressure tanks containing some porous material and acetone. It has active chemical property; it is easy to polymerize, synthesize and cause chemical reactions. Acetylene is the most common gas used for fueling cutting torches in both general industry and the mining industry. When mixed with pure oxygen in a cutting torch assembly, an acetylene flame can theoretically reach over 5700°F. Users of this type of equipment are generally familiar with the fire hazards associated hot flames and the production of hot slag. However, many users may not be aware of the unique characteristics of acetylene itself that create special hazards compared to other fuel gases. Physical Properties • Acetylene is a colorless gas. It has a garlic odor. The odor is due to presence of impurities of phosphorous and hydrogen sulphide. However, pure acetylene has pleasant odor. • It is insoluble in water but highly soluble in acetone and alcohol. Acetylene is transported under high pressure in acetone soaked on porous material packed in steel cylinders. • Its boiling point is –84°C. • It is lighter than air. It is somewhat poisonous in nature. • It burns with luminous flame and forms explosive mixture with air. Uses And Applications Acetylene has many commercial and technical applications. The most known application for acetylene is for oxyacetylene welding, cutting and heat treating. The majority of acetylene is use in the chemical synthesis process for the manufacturing of many organic compounds such as acetaldehyde and acetic acid. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Asiatic Gases Ltd. • Bombay Oxygen Acetylene Ltd. • Bombay Oxygen Gases Ltd. • Ellenbarrie Industrial Gases Ltd. • Mangalam Gases Ltd. • National Oxygen Ltd. • Premier Cryogenics Ltd. • Southern Gas Ltd. • Superior Air Products Ltd. • Vikas Industrial Gases Ltd.
Plant capacity: Acetylene Gas : 360 M3/ DayPlant & machinery: Rs 68 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 260 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Fiber Optical Cables - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

An optical fiber (or optical fibre) is a flexible, transparent fiber made of extruded glass (silica) or plastic, slightly thicker than a human hair. It can function as a waveguide, or “light pipe”, to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber.Power over Fiber (PoF) optic cables can also work to deliver an electric current for low-power electric devices. The field of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and application of optical fibers is known as fiber optics. Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic communications, where they permit transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than wire cables. Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along them with less loss and are also immune to electromagnetic interference. Fibers are also used for illumination, and are wrapped in bundles so that they may be used to carry images, thus allowing viewing in confined spaces. Specially designed fibers are used for a variety of other applications, including sensors and fiber lasers. Fiber-optic communications is based on the principle that light in a glass medium can carry more information over longer distances than electrical signals can carry in a copper or coaxial medium or radio frequencies through a wireless medium. The purity of today’s glass fiber, combined with improved system electronics, enables fiber to transmit digitized light signals hundreds of kilometers without amplification. With few transmission losses, low interference, and high bandwidth potential, optical fiber is an almost ideal transmission medium. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aksh Optifibre Ltd. • Birla Ericsson Optical Ltd. • Optel Telecommunications Ltd. • Spectra Punjab Pvt. Ltd. • Sterlite Telecables Ltd. • Tamilnadu Telecommunications Ltd.
Plant capacity: Fiber Optical Cables : 50 KMeters/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 3563 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 4266 Lakhs
Return: 19.00%Break even: 46.00%
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High Pure Dissolved Acetylene Gas - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Acetylene (C2H2) is known as one of the simplest and most significant chemical in the acetylene series. A compound of carbon and hydrogen, acetylene is a colorless, highly flammable gas that dissociates at normal to low pressures and needs to be stored in high-pressure tanks containing some porous material and acetone. It has active chemical property; it is easy to polymerize, synthesize and cause chemical reactions. Acetylene is the most common gas used for fueling cutting torches in both general industry and the mining industry. When mixed with pure oxygen in a cutting torch assembly, an acetylene flame can theoretically reach over 5700°F. Users of this type of equipment are generally familiar with the fire hazards associated hot flames and the production of hot slag. However, many users may not be aware of the unique characteristics of acetylene itself that create special hazards compared to other fuel gases. Acetylene has many commercial and technical applications. The most known application for acetylene is for oxyacetylene welding, cutting and heat treating. The majority of acetylene is use in the chemical synthesis process for the manufacturing of many organic compounds such as acetaldehyde and acetic acid. The Indian industrial gases market is dominated by oxygen. Oxygen accounts for nearly 75% of total production of gases outside carbon dioxide in the merchant market. If the captive segment is included, oxygen enjoys an over 70% share in all gases (outside carbon dioxide). The gas industry in India has a large number of small plants spread all over the country. Also there are tonnage plants of global standards and capacity, which are set up in different parts of the country. Many fertilizer plants have created the facility to tap Argon through purge gas recovery units and some are also purifying the flu gas to produce carbon dioxide. The gas industry in India has kept its pace for growth to meet the requirement of growth of other sectors of the industry. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Asiatic Gases Ltd. • Bombay Oxygen Acetylene Ltd. • Bombay Oxygen Gases Ltd. • Ellenbarrie Industrial Gases Ltd. • Mangalam Gases Ltd. • National Oxygen Ltd. • Premier Cryogenics Ltd. • Southern Gas Ltd. • Superior Air Products Ltd. • Vikas Industrial Gases Ltd.
Plant capacity: 360 M3/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 67 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 260 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Aluminium Foil Containers - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Aluminium is the most widely used non-ferrous metal and is extensively used in packaging materials. It is an excellent material for creating all types of containers. However, despite the fact that about seven billion aluminium foil containers are produced annually, most packaging engineers and packaging users know very little about the advantages that these containers bring to the packaging and food service industries. Aluminium foil containers are formed by combining mechanical and air pressure to force light gauge aluminium foil into a shaped die cavity. Esthetically appealing aluminium foil containers are ideal for table-ready service after the container has functioned first as a package and a heating utensil. Foil containers also come in a variety of colors and special purpose coatings. Moreover, its recyclability makes aluminium one of the most environment friendly materials on earth, a key advantage for planet conscious consumers and local governments. Additionally, recycled aluminium saves more than 95% of the energy necessary to produce new primary aluminium. Aluminium Foil Containers greatly used in daily life, it’s ideal for baking, grill, steaming, etc.,Commonly used in the kitchen, principally for the commercial preparation, packing and conveyance of foods. Often used in baking industry to contain food during the production and cooking phase. The food is subsequently conveyed and sold in the foil container. Today’s aluminium foil applications demonstrate the consumer friendliness. They vary from aseptic beverage cartons, wrappers, lids, blister and strip packs and more variations are in the pipeline. Also, aluminium foil is fully recyclable and modern separation techniques allow foil in household waste or separate collection systems to be extracted and recycled at a fraction of its original production energy. Very thin (laminated) foil based applications can also be incinerated with energy recovery. The aluminium foil industry in India was pioneered by India Foils, followed by Indian Aluminium Company. Currently, there are 4 major players who catering to the demand of the Indian market. The 4 major producers are, INDAL, India Foils, P G Foils, and Annapurna Foils. Thus, the aluminium foil industry is poised for spectacular growth in future.
Plant capacity: Aluminium Foil Containers Different Sizes : 1,475.0 Th.Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs 61 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 369 Lakhs
Return: 34.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Flexible Polyurethene Foam

During the past 40–50 years, foamed polymers have found increasing importance in the world market place due to the unique characteristics and properties they provide when compared to solid plastics. While most thermo sets and thermoplastics can be made in a foamed or cellular structure under certain conditions, the materials known as polyurethanes have become predominant for many applications in this field. Through the proper selection of the starting materials, foamed polyurethanes can range in characteristics from extremely soft, resilient cushioning products to very tough and rigid structural members. As varied as the products are, so too are the machines and processes used to produce them. Certain other systems, such as polyureas, are also processed with the same equipment as polyurethanes. The word polyurethane is somewhat misleading since, unlike most plastics, the final product is not made by polymerizing a monomer. Instead, the products contain a number of polyurethane groups in a complex structure that is controlled by the choice of starting materials and the production conditions. Polyurethane formulations cover an extremely wide range of stiffness, hardness, and densities. These materials include: • Low-density flexible foam used in upholstery, bedding, and automotive and truck seating • Low-density rigid foam used for thermal insulation and RTM cores • Soft solid elastomers used for gel pads and print rollers • Low density elastomers used in footwear • Hard solid plastics used as electronic instrument bezels and structural parts • Flexible plastics used as straps and bands The global polyurethane foam types are significantly penetrating their end-user industry market. These have different characteristics as per the manufacturing and their application requirement in the end products. The Asia-Pacific market is expected to dominate with its growing demand for polyurethane foams in different applications especially bedding & furniture, and building & construction. The polyurethane foam demand in terms of value and volume depicts the current and future projections according to the parallel economic and industrial outlook. This analysis covers major developments, expansions, agreements & mergers, and acquisitions of the leading global companies. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs for investment. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Arvind International Ltd. • Gandhigram Rubbers Ltd. • Harita Fehrer Ltd. • Harita Polymer Ltd. • Hind C-Bay Webtech Ltd. • M M Rubber Co. Ltd. • New Plastomers India Ltd. • Orion Laminates Ltd. • Packaging India Pvt. Ltd. • R T Packaging Ltd. • Sharp Industries Ltd. • Shroff Textiles Ltd. • Tirupati Foam Ltd. • Uflex Ltd. • Uma Polymers Ltd. • Victory Laminations Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15 MT/dayPlant & machinery: Rs 57 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 713 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 50.00%
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RUBBER POWDER FROM WASTE TYRES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Rubber is polymer of butadiene and one of the most important chemical ingredients, which is widely used in the different field of modern advance world. Rubber is specially used in the tyre Industry, which is used in the different type of vehicles. Rubber products require rubber as a raw material. Either natural rubber, which is often cultivated on large plantations – with all the problems associated with a monoculture or alternatively synthetic rubber, which is produced using crude oil. Both processes use a high amount of resources. At the end of the chain, mountains of used car tyres crop up on the landscape. These waste sites are taken on by used tyre and rubber recycling plants nowadays. Waste tyre recycling technology is very cost effective and performs 100% wastage tyre recycling (No churn left after the process). In this process no chemical ingredients are used, therefore it is environment friendly. Raw material (wastage tyre) is cheap and easily available, Generate economically valuable products out of waste tyres and products have good market value and demand. Also each recycled ton of tyres preserves 10 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) that is a major green house gas. Some Uses of rubber powder Rubber powder has many applications like : Shoes factories, Tyres factories, Rubber connections factories, Oil seals factories, Hoses factories and likes. There is a rapid market increase of rubber powder in India. Demand of rubber powder in India is increased by 5%-8%. There is fair scope of this product. Presently reclaim rubber is used in the manufacture of tyres, butyl tubes, cycle tyres and tubes, battery containers, tread rubber, belts and hoses, moulded and extruded products. India ranks third in production and fourth in consumption of natural rubber in the world. Rubber plantations are spread over 5.9 lakhs hectares in 16 states. Production of natural rubber is dominated by small holdings (average holding size of 0.5 hectare), which account for 88 percent of the production. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs for investment.
Plant capacity: Rubber Powder : 5.0 MT/day •By Product Steel Wire : 1.4 MT/dayPlant & machinery: Rs 116 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 246 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Ayurvedic Medicines (Chyawanprash, Cough Syrup Herbal, Ayurvedic Hair Oil, Jawahar Mohra & Mukta Shukti Tablets) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process

Man has always been keen to keep himself free from all miseries. It has been a constant endeavor to discover better ways to prevent and cure human disease. Human history is full of examples of foods developed for one or the other health benefit. Greeks used garlic in the first Olympic Games as they considered it as a performance-enhancing drug. Egyptians used honey to heal wounds. In India, the use of various herbs in daily diet for prevention and treatment is well known for ages. Cultural beliefs, experiences and availability of various herbs in India has made herbal preparations a part of Indian daily food supplements. The use of functional foods and nutraceuticals can be traced back to ancient Indian system of medicine. Ayurveda, a 5000 year old medical science. The classic texts of Ayurveda are full of references of the effects of food in various health conditions. Ayurveda clearly defines the use of food products for improving quality of life and general rejuvenation. Medicinal plants offer alternative remedies with tremensdous opportunities to generate income, employment andforeign exchange for developing countries. Many traditional healing herbs and their parts have been shown to have medicinal value and can be used to prevent, alleviate or cure several human diseases. India is one of the leading countries in Asia in terms of the wealth of traditional knowledge systems related to herbal medicine and employs a large number of plant species which includes Ayurveda (2000 species), Siddha (1121 species), Unani (751 species) and Tibetan (337 species). Today, ayurveda is an officially recognised system of medicine in India. Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) recognises it as Traditional Medicine (TRM). It is estimated that the total market size of the Indian ayurvedic market size is Rs 8000 crore and it is growing substantially between 10-15 percent, with the same growth rate targeted for the next 10 years. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: Chyawanprash: 500.0 Kgs/Day•Cough Syrup (Herbal): 200.0 Kgs/Day•Ayurvedic Hair Oil: 200.0 Kgs/Day•Jawahar Mohra Tablets :1.0 Kgs/Day•Mukta Shukti Tablets: 1.0 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 69 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 474 Lakhs
Return: 24.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Activated Carbon from Wood

Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, activated coal, or carbo activatus, is a form of carbon processed to be riddled with small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions. Activated is sometimes substituted with active. Activated Carbon is a unique material because of the way it is filled with “holes” (voids, spaces, sites, pores,) whatever the size of molecules. Activated carbon is a non-graphitic form of carbon, which could be produced by activation of any carbonaceous material such as coconut shells, bamboo, wood chips, sawdust, coal, lignite, paddy husk etc. The process of activation is carried out in two stages. The raw material is first carbonized and then activated either by chemicals or by steam to derive the highly porous structure. Shell-based activated carbon is extensively used in the process of refining and bleaching of vegetable oils and chemical solutions, water purification, recovery of solvents, recovery of gold, in gas masks for protection against toxic gases, in filters for providing adequate protection against war gases/nuclear fall outs, etc. A wide variety of activated carbon products are available exhibiting markedly different characteristics depending upon the raw material and activation of technique used in their production. Activated carbon has been used to purify different products since Roman times. Carbon treatment is primarily based on a naturally occurring phenomenon called adsorption, in which molecules of a liquid or gas are trapped by either an external or internal surface of a solid. The phenomenon is somewhat similar to iron filings being held by a magnet. Activated carbon has a very high internal surface area and is thus an ideal material for adsorption. For Purification of liquids, the powdered form of activated carbon is added to the liquid to be purified and the mixture is agitated and finally filtered. Granulated activated carbons are used for purification of gases or liquids and are used in a vertical carbon packed column. The global activated carbon industry is estimated to be around 1.1 million metric ton. Demand for virgin activated carbon is expected to rise by around 10% annually through 2014, worldwide. The U.S is the largest market, which will also pace global growth based on anticipated new federal regulations mandating mercury removal at coal-fired power plants. The domestic market for activated carbon is fast expanding with rapid growth of several end user industries. The demand from the vegetable oil industry – the largest consumer of activated carbon is 24,000 tones. The capacity utilization ratio is reported to around 85%. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Indo German Carbons Ltd. • Ion Exchange (India) Ltd. • Triton Laboratories Ltd.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 251 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 578 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 56.00%
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  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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