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Coir Geotextiles, Coir Nettings / Geotextiles, Coir Woven Bhoovastra, Soil Fabrics, Woven Coir Eroion Control Mats, Coir Logs, Woven Coir Geotextile Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research

Thursday, July 14, 2016

Coir Geotextiles, Coir Nettings / Geotextiles, Coir Woven Bhoovastra, Soil Fabrics, Woven Coir Eroion Control Mats, Coir Logs, Woven Coir Geotextile Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Production Schedule, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Process Flow Sheet, Cost of Project, Projected Balance Sheets, Profitability Ratios, Break Even Analysis


Coir is a biodegradable organic fibre material which is coarse, rigid and strong. The constituentsof coir have been found to be mostly cellulose and lignin. Coir fibre is weather resistant and resistant tofungal and bacterial decomposition. The rate of decomposition of coir is much less than any other natural fibre. These characteristics are attributed due to the high lignin content in the fibre. Coir in the form of woven mesh mattings or non woven stitch bonded blankets are used in engineering applications in the geotechnical field. Geotextiles, one among geosynthetics like geogrids, geonets, geomats, geocomposites etc. used in civil engineering applications are polymeric. These products have a long life and do not undergo biological degradation, but are liable to create environmental problems in the long run. Due to growing awareness to preserve environment, use of biodegradable natural material has gained popularity.

Coir woven bhoovastra are permeable coir fabrics made from natural coir fibre. Coir woven bhoovastra control soil erosion by acting as a ground co ver. As a ground cover. it reduces the flow velocity of runoff water by forming check dams with help of net structured strands of coir woven bhoovastra in firm contact with soil, which absorb the impact of water flow and resist washing down keeping the soil intact.

Coir is a 100% organic naturally occurring fiber, from a renewable source obtained from coconut husk. Naturally resistant to rot, moulds and moisture, it is not treated with any chemicals during its spinning process for converting it into a yarn. Hard and strongest among all natural fibers, it can be spun and woven into different types of mattings and mats. Geotextiles made out of coir are ideally suited for low cost applications because coir is available in abundance. Only 36% of available coconut husks in India are used for extraction of coir. Therefore there is enough scope to enhance is application. Coir fibers resemble the wood fibres in terms of physical properties and chemical composition. Coir geotextiles are found to provide protection against soil erosion to the various types of slopes that has been demonstrated and documented by the Coir Board. The ability of coir fibres to absorb water and to degrade with time is its prime properties, which give it an edge over synthetic geotextiles for erosion control purposes. The present study was conducted to determine the suitability of coir geotextiles to increase the load bearing capacity of the mud wall constructed by the reinforcement of coir geotextiles.


Indian Coir Industry

·         Area under cultivation of coconut-about 5,100,000 (hectares)

·         India is the largest producer of coconut with an annual production of 12,597 million nuts.

·         Utilization of husk is 36%

·         Production of coir fibre-369,400MT

·         Employs 5,86,660 workers out of which 80% are women.

·         Coir is exported to 80 countries. USA is the largest buyer.

·         60% of the total export goes to countries in the West Europe

·         There are ~200 exporters.


Different Verities of Coir Geotextiles



·         COCOLOGS

·         NON WOVENS




Coir geo textiles are best for controlling soil erosion and conditioning soli. Made from coir fiber, they are naturally resistant to rot and moulds and is cheaper than synthetic geo-textiles. They hold soil in place and prevent erosion, dissipating the force of heavy rains and run of water. It provides good soil support for years, allowing natural vegetation to become established.

  • Low cost
  • Long lasting separation of the base and sub grade material.
  • Preservation of load-bearing capacity
  • Ability to extend the life of paved roads
  • 100% Natural fibre, extracted from coconut husk.
  • Adds organic material to soil.
  • Promotes vegetative growth.
  • 100% Bio-degradable and environmentally friendly.
  • Tough, durable, versatile and resilient.
  • High tear-strength resistance.
  • Easy to install/maintain/ patch-up.

Coir as a natural organic product is organically biodegradable. The Fiber is hard and strong and decomposes slowly, making it perfectly suited for use in Geotextiles. Coir Geotextiles provide good support on slopes for about five years and there is no need for post-installation work. Coir Geotextiles is developed by the Coir Board of India.

The world has today accepted Coir Geotextiles and acknowledges its effectiveness. Coir Geotextiles, used in many kinds of applications like Slope Stabilisation, Controlling Soil Erosion, Road and Rail Embarkments, River Embarkments, Landscape Areas etc.,

Coir geotextiles with its Indianised connotation "Coir Bhoovastra", a generic member of the geosynthetic family, are made from the coconut fibre extracted from the husk of the coconut fruit as explained in the following section. Like their polymeric counter parts, coir geotextiles can be synthesised for specific applications in geotechnical engineering practice. Coir geotextiles is not a consumer product, but a technology based product. A range of different mesh matting is available, meeting varying requirements. Coir fibres can be converted into fabric both by woven and non-woven process. Coir mesh matting of different mesh sizes is the most established coir geotextiles. Mesh matting having different specifications is available under quality code numbers H2Ml to H2MIO. These qualities represent coir geotextiles of different mesh sizes ranging from 3.175mm to 25.4mm. Several types of non-woven geotextiles also exist. Most of the non-woven mats are made from loose fibres, which are interlocked by needling or rubberising. Non-woven geotextiles are available in several dimensions and have a minimum thickness of 2mm.

Coir geotextiles can be used to stabilize the soil temporarily when construction roads or banks. Coir geotextiles are being used as a separation cum drainage layer in the road. It is also intended to serve as a reinforcement material in the beginning of the project. Geo-synthetics are widely used in the construction of road all over the world, whereas use of coir geotextiles is very limited in such construction.


Few Indian Major Players are as under

Amco Industries Ltd.

Amichand Textiles Ltd.

Aspinwall& Co. (Travancore) Ltd.

Delight Handicrafts Palace Ltd.

Dunlop Comforts Pvt. Ltd.

Duroflex Pvt. Ltd.

Eco Wood Ltd.

Karnataka Consumer Products Ltd.

Karnataka State Coir Devp. Corpn. Ltd.

Kerala State Coir Corpn. Ltd.

Kontak Comforts Pvt. Ltd.

Kozylon Coir Products Ltd.

Wires &Fabriks (S.A.) Ltd.


See more

Source: NPCS Team

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