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Indian Sugar Industry

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Sugar is made from sugarcane, and was discovered thousands of years ago in New Guinea. And then the route was traced to India and Southeast Asia. India was the first to begin with the production of sugar following the process of pressing sugarcane to extract juice and boil it to get crystals.

Sugar consumption rate is highest in India as shown in the statistics received from USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.

India has been known as the original home of sugar and sugarcane. Indian mythology supports the above fact as it contains legends showing the origin of sugarcane. India is the second largest producer of sugarcane next to Brazil. Presently, about 4 million hectares of land is under sugarcane with an average yield of 70 tonnes per hectare.

In an era where there is a need for inclusive growth, the sugar industry is amongst the few industries that have successfully contributed to the rural economy. It has done so by commercially utilizing the rural resources to meet the large domestic demand for sugar and by generating surplus energy to meet the increasing energy needs of India. Prospects of growth in the Indian economy, and a growing population (about 1.8 percent per annum) would support growth in sugar consumption. Bulk consumers such as soft drink manufacturers, bakeries, confectionary, hotel and restaurant consumers account for 60 percent of milled sugar demand.

Manufacturing Process followed by the Sugar Industry:

1.                   Extracting juice by pressing sugarcane

2.                   Boiling the juice to obtain crystals

3.                   Creating raw sugar by spinning crystals in extractors

4.                   Taking raw sugar to a refinery for the process of filtering and washing to discard remaining non-sugar elements and hue

5.                   Crystallizing and drying sugar

6.                   Packaging the ready sugar

Demand :    Past & Future

Year                  mn MT

2000-01              17.18

2001-02              17.88

2002-03              19.88

2003-04              17.50

2004-05              18.50

2005-06              19.65

2006-07              22.70

2007-08              23.80

2008-09              24.95

2009-10              26.00

2010-11              27.20

2011-12              28.30

2012-13              29.45

2013-14              30.50

2014-15              31.70

2019-20              37.65


Market Segmentation

Company              Share (%)

North                       33

East                         15

West                        32

South                      20

Market Growth Rates

1990-91-1996-97                4.6%

1996-97-2001-02                4.6%

2001-02-2006-07                4.9%

2006-07-2011-12                4.5%

2011-12-2019-20                3.6%


Sensitivity Coefficient        9.4%


Major  Producers

Bannari Amnan Sugars

Shree Ambika Sugars

DCM Shriram Ind.

Andhra Sugars


Dharani Sugars

Eastern Sugar

Ponni Sugars

Pratappur Sugar

Prudential Mouli Sugar

Triveni Engg.

Balrampur Chini

EID Parry (India)

Bajaj Hindustan

Dhampur Sugar

Saraswati Sugar Mills

Mrwena Sugars

Simbhaoli Sugar

Oudh Sugar

Rana Sugars

Riga Sugar

Sakthi Sugar

Saraswati Industrial

Upper Ganges

Venus Sugar

Shree Renuka Sugar

Source: NPCS Team

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