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Plastics, Polymers and Resins, Polypropylene (PP), Polystyrene (PS), Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Polyester, PA, Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), Polyurethanes (PU), Polycarbonate (PC), Polyethylene (PE)Projects

Plastics have revolutionized our lives, creeping into every nook and corner of our homes and offices. However, India’s per capita consumption of plastics is still 6 kg compared to 25 kg in developed countries. Consumer plastics mainly comprise polymers such as polypropylene, high and low density polyethylene, and vinyl chloride. Broadly plastics can be classified into two types namely Thermosetting and Thermoplastic. The type of plastics includes HDPE, LDPE, PVC, PP, PS, PETE and vinyl plastics, to name a few.

The plastics industry is highly fragmented. There are about 22,000 plastic processing units, of which three-fourth are in the small –scale sector, which also accounts for a quarter of the total polymer consumption. About 30 per cent of the total polymer consumption accounts for recycled plastic. Plastics have a high volume –to-weight ratio, which makes their collection and transport a major cost factor.

The Indian plastics industry has been growing at a phenomenal rate of 15 per cent over the years. Thus its potential is being utilized properly. The boost in the plastics industry is due to the rapid growth of segments like electronics, packaging, healthcare, consumer durables and telecommunication sectors.Annually around six million tonnes of plastic is produced in the country, with the plastic packaging sector growing fastest.

Reliance Industries Ltd., Gas Authority of India and petrochemicals are major producers of polymers in India. RIL, Asia’s largest manufacturer of polypropylene with a combined capacity of over one million tonnes, holds 70 per cent market share.

India will be the third largest plastics consumer after the US and China by 2010 at over 12 million.Plastic goods consumption is expected to double in the next three years.  Experts have predicted that India’s market for finished plastic goods will reach $300 billion by 2012, while exports are expected to reach a level of $200 billion in the same period. India ranks highest in recycling of plastics with 60 per cent of plastic recycled compared with a world average of 20 per cent. Experts have estimated thatthe basic demand for plastic would be boosted over the next years by the housing, automobile and retail sectors.


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PPR Pipes and Fittings - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile: PPR pipe is known polypropylene pipes, Polypropylene random copolymer with a pipe by extrusion, injection molding a tube. PPR Pipe is used in most home improvement projects a water supply pipeline. PPR pipe interface with hot melt technology, are completely integrated into the pipe together, so once installed pressure tested and will not be further leakage, high reliability. This does not mean there is no defect PPR pipes water pipes, heat resistance, a less pressure more long term working temperature should not exceed 70oC; each piece of limited length, and cannot bend construction, long distance or if the pipeline the corner and more should be used in the construction of a large number of joints; pipe fittings cheap but relatively high prices. Speaking from the overall performance, PPR pipe is the high cost of pipe, water pipe so as decoration material of choice for transformation. Processed from thermoplastic polyolefin into pipes & fittings with superior chemical & physical properties, PPR is environmentally friendly and is produced in line with energy conservation international standards. Its characteristics include being lightweight, heat resistant, anti-corrosive, easily installed, has low thermal conductivity, durable connection and fittings. Characteristics of PPR Pipes: • PPR raw materials for elements only carbon and hydrogen elements, there is no harmful toxic elements in the existence of health, reliable, not only for hot and cold water pipes, can be used to clean drinking water systems. • PPR pipe thermal conductivity coefficient of 0.21w/mk, only steel pipe, 1/200. • PPR pipe Vicat softening point of 131.5oC. Maximum working temperature of up to 95oC, water supply and drainage to meet the construction specifications require the use of hot water system. • It has long service life. PPR pipe in working temperature 70oC, working pressure (PN) 1.O MPa conditions, the service life of up to 50 years; at room temperature (20oC) service life of up to 100 years. • PPR has good welding properties, pipe, pipe fittings can be used hot melt and fused connections, easy installation, connection reliability, its connecting parts of pipe strength is greater than the strength of its own. • PPR waste through clean, broken recycling in the pipe, pipe fittings production. Application: PPR pipe has a wide range of applications: • PPR is frequently utilized as hot and cold water facilities for commercial buildings • food, chemical, electronic and other industrial pipe network • corrosive liquid pipe network • potable water supply • air conditioning pipelines, residential heating system • compressed air pipes network for factories • swimming pools • solar energy and agriculture industries • Residential cold and hot water system • Underground heating system • Conveyor of industrial water and chemical materials • Sanitary and pure water pipelines • Hot water recycling system • Compressed air pipelines • Drink manufacturing and conveying system • Other industrial and agricultural pipe Market Scenario: Considerable growth in the use of PPR (Random Copolymer Polypropylene) pipe systems in new buildings has resulted in a surging demand for PPR material in expanding markets across Eastern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. According to the relevant data plastic sheet, plastic pipe and plastic steel windows and doors are subject to market interest rate of 53% above market demand, an upward trend. In Western Europe, the advantages of PPR pipes are sometimes outweighed by the higher labour costs incurred when fitting the systems, but, in markets with a lower cost of labour, PPRs advantages are driving a big increase in demand. As per industry estimates, global demand for plastic pipe is expected to increase 4.5% annually to 8.1 billion metres in 2012 in weight terms, consumption is projected to expand 4.6% per year to 18.1 million metric tons. The applications and demand of PPR pipes and fittings in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.
Plant capacity: 5760 MT PPR pipes/Annum,14400000 Pieces/ Annum, PPR fittingPlant & machinery: 288 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 913 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 70.00%
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PPR Pipes and Fittings - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile: PPR pipe is known polypropylene pipes, Polypropylene random copolymer with a pipe by extrusion, injection molding a tube. PPR Pipe is used in most home improvement projects a water supply pipeline. PPR pipe interface with hot melt technology, are completely integrated into the pipe together, so once installed pressure tested and will not be further leakage, high reliability. This does not mean there is no defect PPR pipes water pipes, heat resistance, a less pressure more long term working temperature should not exceed 70oC; each piece of limited length, and cannot bend construction, long distance or if the pipeline the corner and more should be used in the construction of a large number of joints; pipe fittings cheap but relatively high prices. Speaking from the overall performance, PPR pipe is the high cost of pipe, water pipe so as decoration material of choice for transformation. Processed from thermoplastic polyolefin into pipes & fittings with superior chemical & physical properties, PPR is environmentally friendly and is produced in line with energy conservation international standards. Its characteristics include being lightweight, heat resistant, anti-corrosive, easily installed, has low thermal conductivity, durable connection and fittings. Characteristics of PPR Pipes: • PPR raw materials for elements only carbon and hydrogen elements, there is no harmful toxic elements in the existence of health, reliable, not only for hot and cold water pipes, can be used to clean drinking water systems. • PPR pipe thermal conductivity coefficient of 0.21w/mk, only steel pipe, 1/200. • PPR pipe Vicat softening point of 131.5oC. Maximum working temperature of up to 95oC, water supply and drainage to meet the construction specifications require the use of hot water system. • It has long service life. PPR pipe in working temperature 70oC, working pressure (PN) 1.O MPa conditions, the service life of up to 50 years; at room temperature (20oC) service life of up to 100 years. • PPR has good welding properties, pipe, pipe fittings can be used hot melt and fused connections, easy installation, connection reliability, its connecting parts of pipe strength is greater than the strength of its own. • PPR waste through clean, broken recycling in the pipe, pipe fittings production. Application: PPR pipe has a wide range of applications: • PPR is frequently utilized as hot and cold water facilities for commercial buildings • food, chemical, electronic and other industrial pipe network • corrosive liquid pipe network • potable water supply • air conditioning pipelines, residential heating system • compressed air pipes network for factories • swimming pools • solar energy and agriculture industries • Residential cold and hot water system • Underground heating system • Conveyor of industrial water and chemical materials • Sanitary and pure water pipelines • Hot water recycling system • Compressed air pipelines • Drink manufacturing and conveying system • Other industrial and agricultural pipe Market Scenario: Considerable growth in the use of PPR (Random Copolymer Polypropylene) pipe systems in new buildings has resulted in a surging demand for PPR material in expanding markets across Eastern Europe, North Africa, and Asia. According to the relevant data plastic sheet, plastic pipe and plastic steel windows and doors are subject to market interest rate of 53% above market demand, an upward trend. In Western Europe, the advantages of PPR pipes are sometimes outweighed by the higher labour costs incurred when fitting the systems, but, in markets with a lower cost of labour, PPRs advantages are driving a big increase in demand. As per industry estimates, global demand for plastic pipe is expected to increase 4.5% annually to 8.1 billion metres in 2012 in weight terms, consumption is projected to expand 4.6% per year to 18.1 million metric tons. The applications and demand of PPR pipes and fittings in the market is immense and therefore its market position is splendid. Hence it is an excellent field to venture.
Plant capacity: 5760 MT PPR pipes/Annum,14400000 Pieces/ Annum, PPR fittingPlant & machinery: 288 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 913 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 70.00%
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Non Woven Fabric - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Product Profile: Non woven fabric is a fabric like material made from long fibres, bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. The term is used in the textile manufacturing industry to denote fabrics, such as felt, which are neither woven nor knitted. Non woven materials typically lack strength unless densified or reinforced by a backing. In recent years, non wovens have become an alternative to polyurethane foam. Non woven fabrics are engineered fabrics that may be a limited life, single use fabric or a very durable fabric. They are flat, porous sheets that are made directly from separate fibers or from molten plastic or plastic film. They are not made by weaving or knitting and do not require converting the fibers to yarn. Non woven polypropylene (P.P.) fabric is made of spun bond polypropylene which can be recycled, naturally decompose and completely incinerates without any production of poisonous pollutant. Even though the bags look like a textile, they are in fact made from spun bonded polypropylene, commonly known as PP, which is a by-product of crude oil. No water is used in the production process and thereby not polluted. The material is recyclable thus environmentally friendly & assists with Environment protection. Properties of non woven fabric: Non woven fabrics provide specific functions such as absorbency, liquid repellency, resilience, stretch, softness, strength, flame retardancy, washability, cushioning, filtering, bacterial barrier and sterility. These properties are often combined to create fabrics suited for specific jobs, while achieving a good balance between product use-life and cost. They can mimic the appearance, texture and strength of a woven fabric and can be as bulky as the thickest paddings. In combination with other materials they provide a spectrum of products with diverse properties, and are used alone or as components of apparel, home furnishings, health care, engineering, industrial and consumer goods. Applications of Non woven Fabrics • Wipes and dusters, tea and coffee bags, fabric softeners, food wraps, filters, bed and table linen, etc. • Hygienic care as in baby diapers, feminine hygiene products, adult incontinence items, dry and wet pads, but also nursing pads. • Healthcare, like operation drapes, gowns and packs, face masks, dressings and swabs, etc. • Interlinings, insulation and protection clothing, industrial work wears, chemical defence suits, shoe components, etc. • Application in automotive: boot liners, shelf trim, oil and cabin air filters, moulded bonnet liners, heat shields, airbags, tapes, decorative fabrics, etc. • Roofing and tile underlay, thermal and noise insulation, house wrap, drainage, etc. • Geotextiles: asphalt overlay, soil stabilization, drainage, sedimentation and erosion control, etc. • Filtration of air and gas, Hevac, Hepa, Ulpa filters • Industrial: cable insulation, abrasives, reinforced plastics, battery separators, satellite dishes, artificial leather, air conditioning, coating. • Home furnishing, Agriculture, leisure and travel, school and office etc. Non woven bags Non woven bags have been emerging as the most popular alternative with local stores and big retailers because bags made of this material offer the texture and durability of a cloth bag at a much lower cost. These bags are the cheapest alternative to plastic. The non woven bags have generated the highest order from the market since the plastic bag ban. Polypropylene is not harmful. It is recyclable, hence good for environment. There are various kinds of non woven bags such as non woven rice bag, carry bag, catering bag, banyan cut bag, fruit and vegetables bag, grocery/shopping bag, PP bag, gift bag, printed bag and many more. For example non woven rice bags are extensively used to store rice in place of conventional plastic and paper bags. Non woven rice bags have high tensile strength and are highly durable. Non woven fabric bags are widely used as packing material due to so many advantages over conventional sacks. These bags are excellent for covering products and goods thereby protecting them from moisture and dust. Market Scenario Global sales of non woven fabrics are forecast to increase 6.9 percent annually through 2015 to 9.2 million metric tons. This rate is acceleration from the 2005 o 2010 periods, reflecting a low base as global recessionary conditions restrained non wovens fabric demand in 2008 and 2009 before improving somewhat in 2010. Continued growth in global manufacturing and construction activity, as well as gains in personal income will promote demand. Product sales will grow faster in area terms, rising 7.3 percent per year to 198 billion square meters, reflecting a modest decrease in average non wovens weight. This will be due primarily to increased demand in developing areas for a variety of lighter weight disposable non woven products, supported by manufacturer efforts to make them more affordable and technological advances that are making new generations of non woven fabrics lighter. The sales of non woven fabrics in India will increase 12.7% per year in constant dollars from $214 million in 2007 to $390 million by the end of 2012. These dollar sales represent non woven materials that are produced within India and non wovens that are imported in roll good forms or in a converted state, such as baby diapers or modified bitumen roofing materials. The personal hygiene market- which includes adult incontinence products, feminine hygiene products, and infant diapers and training pants will continue to account for the single largest share of non wovens demand in 2012.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Non Woven Fabric Bag (Stitching) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

Product Profile: Non woven bags are made of a sheet of fibers and continuous filaments or chopped yarns of any nature or origin, that have been formed into a web by any means with the exception of weaving or knitting. There are various kinds of non woven bags such as non woven rice bag, carry bag, catering bag, banyan cut bag, fruit and vegetables bag, grocery/shopping bag, PP bag, gift bag, printed bag and many more. The technology involved for the manufacture of non woven fabric bags is simple the process of transformation of woven fabric in the form of bags of desired specification is free of pollution and are controlled within the prescribed norms constituted for such types of ventures. Non woven bag is known for the utility of carrying heavy loads. Non woven bags can be availed in small, medium and large sizes. These bags are available in various colour textures and design patterns which is having requisite durability. It is an ideal substitute for paper bags. These non woven fabric bags are available in different shapes and dimensionally accurate. These bags can customize as per demands at reasonable prices. Non woven Fabric Bags Properties: • Stretch ability • Flame retardancy • Wash ability • Strength • Absorbency • Liquid repellence • Resilience • Softness • Cushioning • Filtering • Bacterial barrier & • Sterility Advantages: Non woven fabric bags are widely used as packing material due to so many advantages over conventional sacks. These bags are excellent for covering products and goods thereby protecting them from moisture and dust. Non woven fabric bags can be used as a protective covering in sector like agriculture, infrastructure, automobiles and also as tents, floor spreads, as a cover of machinery etc. There are various advantages of non woven fabric such as it is soft, permeable, fire resistant, water resistant, it is easily customizable, nontoxic and environment friendly and is known to cause no allergies to human bodies. Production of non woven bags: Non woven fabric bags are manufactured by prime quality fabrics that ensure their longer life and high strength. Manufacturing of non woven bags get place in three stages: web formation web bonding and finishing treatments. There are four basic methods of web formation i.e. dry laid, spun melt, wet laid and other techniques. Web bonding are of three types chemical, thermal and mechanical and there are different types of finishing treatments such as flame retardant, breathable porous, water repellent, conductive, antistatic etc. Indian scenario Due to rapid growth in processing and chemical industries the demand of non woven fabric bags are touching sky high. This multipurpose product has therefore become a boon to the Indian industry especially in the rainy season. Indian non woven market is growing at the rate of 8-10%. However in the coming year the continuous growing Indian GDP, increasing purchasing power parity and India’s initiative in the economic development will give a boost to this niche field and it is assumed that it would fetch growth rate of 12-15%. At present the production of non woven fabrics in India is touching 190MT. This will be due primarily to increased demand in developing areas for a variety of lighter weight disposable non woven bags, supported by manufacturer efforts to make them more affordable and technological advances that are making new generations of non woven fabrics lighter. Demand for non woven fabric bags in increasing very rapidly and there is a huge potential to set up non woven production facility in India to accommodate this growing demand.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Resin for Nail Polish (Polycondensation Resin (Polyester, Alkyds), Epoxy Tosylamide Resin, Solvent Based Acrylic Resin) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process

Profile Resins are translucent and viscous film forming material widely used for production of paints and coatings. It binds the pigment particles to the substrate, forming a layer of film on the surface. The quality of the resin used in production of paints and coating decides the durability of the paint. Resins with different compositions are used depending upon the functional properties of the paint. Common nail polish ingredients include film forming agents such as nitrocellulose, resins, and plasticizers, such as castor oil, and coloring agents such as soluble dye and pigments. Resins and plasticizers give the nail polish a degree of flexibility. This flexibility allows the consumer to apply the nail polish with the brush without the polish drying too quickly or forming unevenly on the nail. These nail polish ingredients also help the nail polish last longer after being applied to the nail. Resins form a hard shell that is resistant to soap and water, keeping the color on the nail longer. Manufactures use a mix of amyl and butyl stearate, castor oil, acids, and glycerol as resins and plasticizers. Functions of Resin • To provide gloss and elasticity • For the suspension of pigments • To provide resistance to water, chemicals and abrasion • Makes coating adhere to the surface • Acts as a dispersant • For drying properties Properties • Resins are translucent and viscous film forming material widely used for production of paints and coatings. • It binds the pigment particles to the substrate, forming a layer of film on the surface. The quality of the resin used in production of paints and coating decides the durability of the paint. Resins with different compositions are used depending upon the functional properties of the paint. • Synthetic resins are materials with similar properties to natural resins viscous liquids capable of hardening. They are typically manufactured by esterification or soaping of organic compounds. • The classic variety is epoxy resin, manufactured through polymerization polycondensation reactions, used as a thermoset polymer for Nail polish. • Epoxy resin is two times stronger than concrete, seamless and waterproof. Manufacturing of Nail Polish The modern manufacturing process is a very sophisticated operation utilizing highly skilled workers, advanced machinery, and even robotics. Todays consumers expect a nail polish to apply smoothly, evenly, and easily; to set relatively quickly; and to be resistant to chipping and peeling. In addition, the polish should be dermatologically innocuous. Mixing the pigment with nitrocellulose and plasticizer: • The pigments are mixed with nitrocellulose and plasticizer using a two-roll differential speed mill. This mill grinds the pigment between a pair of rollers that are able to work with increasing speed as the pigment is ground down. The goal is to produce fine dispersion of the color. • When properly and fully milled, the mixture is removed from the mill in sheet form and then broken up into small chips for mixing with the solvent. The mixing is performed in stainless steel kettles that can hold anywhere from 5 to 2,000 gallons. Stainless steel must be used because the nitrocellulose is extremely reactive in the presence of iron. The kettles are jacketed so that the mixture can be cooled by circulating cold water or another liquid around the outside of the kettle. The temperature of the kettle, and the rate of cooling, is controlled by both computers and technicians. • This step is performed in a special room or area designed to control the hazards of fire and explosion. Most modern factories perform this step in an area with walls that will close in if an alarm sounds and, in the event of explosion, with ceilings that will safely blow off without endangering the rest of the structure. • Materials are mixed in computerized, closed kettles. At the end of the process, the mix is cooled slightly before the addition of such other materials as perfumes and moisturizers. • The mixture is then pumped into smaller, 55 gallon drums, and then trucked to a production line. The finished nail polish is pumped into explosion proof pumps, and then into smaller bottles suitable for the retail market.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/dayPlant & machinery: 178 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1318 Lakhs
Return: 50.00%Break even: 31.00%
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Floral Foam - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Floral Foam is the plastic spongy material that florists use to put their many beautiful flower designs in place. It has effectively replaced the conventional way of arranging flowers which entailed utilizing wet newspaper, twigs, chicken wire and pin holders. The recurring problem in the past with these traditional methods of flower arrangement is the shorter lifespan of the floral designs that may take hours to create. Using floral foams not only helps in keeping the artistic designs in place, but they also make your flowers last longer. Floral foams have become a permanent staple in the art of flower arrangement. By providing trouble free support for flowers, many designs have been made achievable, giving flower arranging artists more room to come up with every design that they can imagine. Made of phenol material, floral foams are used as a base for mostly every conceivable design. It also holds water of about forty times it weight, making flowers survive approximately seven to ten days after being stemmed or cut from the plant. Foam Ingredients A solid plastic, in the shape of a small resin granule known as polystyrene, is the key ingredient used to make dry, hard floral foam. Additives can be included in the manufacturing process and a blowing agent is added to make the melting material foamable. Polyurethane is the main ingredient in liquid foam, along with a hardening agent. Standard Foam: Brick Size: 23 x 11 x 8cm Density of foam brick: 1.45 - 1.60 lb/ft³ Water absorption rate: 30 - 75 seconds pH of water solution: 3.00 - 4.00 pH of top: 2.50 - 3.20 pH of bottom: 3.00 - 4.50 Amount of water intake: 1.80 - 2.00kg Water drainage: <3% after 6hrs Types of Floral Foam Liquid Foam: Wet foam is used for fresh flowers. Highly water absorbent and very fine and compact. The wet foam is also available in many forms. Some are shaped into balls or spheres, for making pomanders or interesting centerpieces. For the use of bridal bouquets, they come with plastic holders. For the use of wreaths, they come with a plastic container in the shape of doughnut or heart shape. It all depends on what you're making. Process: Liquid floral foam is created when polyurethane is mixed with a hardening agent, producing a liquid. The liquid, once molded with the hardening agent is bottled and sold to consumers for use independently. The liquid expands into a foam shape once placed into another container, filling it with foam the exact size and shape of the object containing it. You can purchase this type of foam in 1, 5 and 55 gallon containers. Store it in tightly sealed containers that are housed in areas that have a minimum temperature of 65 degrees but do not exceed 90 degrees F. Dry Hard Foam: This is used for artificial flower arrangements. It is non-porous and coarse. Process: Polystyrene resin granules are input into an extrusion machine similar to the extruder used to manufacture polyester carpet in order to melt the hard, plastic pellets into a moldable product. Heat and pressure inside the machine, along with any additives used and the blowing agent, melts the granules of polystyrene and moves them in liquid form into a mold or die within the machine. The granules are then shaped into the desired form and trimmed as needed. Color foam It comes in block form, powder form, cube form and sphere form. Colors baby pink, cherry, charcoal, violet, pumpkin, ivory, lime green, sunny yellow, fuchsia, blue, hunter green, royal blue, rusty red, prairie grass and plum. Market Potential Floral Foam was not considered as essential part for decoration but now a day’s floral foam is one of the key parts of floral arrangements & decoration. Commercial floriculture is as beneficiary of the policy of crop diversification in agriculture. The growth in this segment is reflected in rising domestic demand for flower and floral exports. Commercial floriculture is increasingly being considered a high remunerative economic activity by small and large farmers across the country and if the sector gets organized, there could be a massive Rs. 10,000 crore business opportunity! It is worthwhile noting that despite India's share in the $ 11 billion global market for flowers and flower products having touched just about 0.65 per cent, the growth potential is large. ?
Plant capacity: 3000000 Pcs (Each 50 gm)/AnnumPlant & machinery: 69 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project : 284 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 53.00%
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PET Bottle from PET Resin - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile PET polyethylene terephthalate is a form of polyester or resin, clear and lightweight, non-reactive, economical, and shatterproof plastic used around the world as an excellent energy efficient packaging material. It is extruded or molded into plastic bottles and containers for packaging foods and beverages, personal care products, and many other consumer products. PET is the most recycled plastic worldwide. PET bottles/containers are popular for packaging sodas, water, juices, salad dressings, cooking oil, peanut butter, shampoo, liquid hand soap, mouthwash, pharmaceuticals, even tennis balls. Virtually all single serving and 2 liter bottles of carbonated soft drinks and water sold in the U.S. are made from PET. Special grades of PET are used for carry home prepared food containers that can be warmed in the oven or microwave. PET is a polymer of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. Pellets of the PET resin are heated to a molten liquid, which can be easily extruded or molded into almost any shape. Properties of PET • Very low moisture absorption • Excellent dimensional stability • High deflection temperature under load • Continuous working temperature up to 140 0C • Very high mechanical strength & stiffness • Good wear & tear resistance • Excellent electrical resistance & dielectric strength • Good resistance to chemicals, petrol, oil fats Uses and Applications PET is hygienic, strong, and resistant to attack by micro organisms, does not react with foods or beverages, and will not biologically degrade. Its safety for food and beverage use is recognized by health authorities around the world. But unlike glass, PET is extremely lightweight, simple to transport and won't break, which is why it is preferred for packaging many foods and beverages. PET, which is becoming increasingly popular, the size of the container produced ranges from 500 ml to 10000 liters. It is used for 1.5 litres thermally stable fruit juice bottle, in food and confectionery, filling liquors and wine, it can be used for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals, it can be used for cosmetics. Some of the applications of PET bottles are: • Packaging Industry (Used for packing food stuffs, liquor, pharmaceuticals, pesticides etc.) • Electrical & electronic industry (capacitor lans, key tops for business machines, connectors, optical fiber, electrical iron components, head lamp reflectors, instruments housings, sockets, relays, plugs) • Irrigation (Sprinkler, nozzle for dip irrigation system, elbow joints, joints for hydraulic lines) • Domestic application (toothpaste tube shoulder, door handle, bath fittings) • Recreation, sports & games items • Building construction & furniture PET has been approved as safe for contact with foodstuffs and beverages by the FDA, Health Canada, the European Food Safety Authority and virtually every other health safety agency in the world. Market Survey The global demand for PET was growing fast over the last decade. The effect of the economic slowdown has adversely affected the consumption of various commodities in many countries globally. Hence, demand for PET has also slowed down over the past two years. The global PET market in 2009 was 15.3 million tons. As the economies recover from the slowdown, the consumption of commodities will rise again and the global demand for PET will grow at CAGR of 4.9% up to 2020.PET packaging has been doing very well as it offers the flexibilities of innovation, both in terms of pack design and size. Pepsi expects 15% reduction in the share of glass bottles from 65%. Likewise Coco Cola India is not far behind in lapping up the growth in the PET model. India produces around 500,000 tons of PET annually. The overall capacity of the industry is rated at about 650,000 tons per year. The application of PET resin for packaging is expected to grow in the coming years. Products like ketchup, beer and juices will be packed in PET made possible by hot fill and multilayer technology.
Plant capacity: 12000000 No.s/Annum, Size: 0.5, 1, 2 Ltrs CapacityPlant & machinery: 82 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project : 231 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 51.00%
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UPVC Pipes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Unplasticised polyvinylchloride (abbreviated as UPVC) is most often the choice of the building industry as a low-maintenance and relatively low cost building material is a low maintenance material. It is available in a variety of colours and finishes. The photo effect wood finish of unplasticised polyvinylchloride is used in window frames and window sills as a substitute for painted wood. It is also used as a replacement for older windows which have been installed with a single glazing or while installing double glazing in a new building.. It can come in a wide range of finishes as well as colours and as such is often used as a substitute for wood in places such as window frames, siding, and weatherboarding. It can also serve the traditional PVC roles in plumbing, waste pipes, gutters, and downpipes. Properties UPVC has excellent chemical resistance across its operating temperature range, with a broad band of operating pressures. Due to its long term strength characteristics, high stiffness and cost effectiveness, UPVC systems account for a large proportion of plastic piping installations. UPVC Pipe is self extinguishing and it does not support combustion. Application • Water Supply:- UPVC Pipe are the best for water supply scheme, such us water supply distribution net work, main line, casing for tube work &raising main for hand pump. • Chemical Industries: UPVC is very good for transporting of Chloride acid & other chemicals. • Sewer Systems: UPVC pipe of large diameter can be used for sewer system. • Cable Conduits: - UPVC pipe are most suitable as electrical conduits. • Agriculture: - UPVC pipe are very suitable for agriculture purposes such as for irrigation sprinkling pipe for farm land & other purposes. • Crude oil Lines: - UPVC pipe resist corruption, the deposit build up process is also difficult which result the low friction rate and thus making. UPVC pipe the most suitable for the crude oil line. Market Potential The Indian PVC pipes market is growing at a healthy rate due to tremendous government spending on infrastructure. The durability of PVC pipes along with the various applications makes it the preferred option over conventional pipes. Furthermore, the construction sector and the agricultural sector are expected to boost demand for PVC pipes in the future. The report begins with an introduction to the global PVC market. It provides an insight into Indias position in the global market with regards to lower per capita consumption creating strong opportunity in the domestic market. It also indicates the growing usage of PVC for making PVC pipes.
Plant capacity: 2160 MT UPVC Pipes (Different Diameter)/AnnumPlant & machinery: 146 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 518 Lakh
Return: 42.00%Break even: 59.00%
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PP Woven Bags (for Cement Packing) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Profile PP woven sacks laminated with PP liner have wider applications. PP woven sacks are much stronger & can withstand much higher impact loads because of PP strips elongation at break is about 15 to 25% as compared to 30% of Jute. These sacks are much cleaner & resist fungal attack. PP Woven Sacks can be unlaminated, Laminated and along with PE liners. The size range for bags made from tubular fabric is from minimum 24 inches (60 cm.) upto 61 inches (155 cm). Woven Sacks are the best and the most cost effective packaging solution for Industries like Cement, fertilizer, sugar, chemicals, food grains etc. off late Woven fabric, which is the first stage of Woven sacks, is a preferred medium for bale wrapping and rain protection in the form of Tarpaulin. Salient Features: • Flexible and high strength • Double side print • Water & dust proof design • Heat/Wave Cut & hemmed top • Flat or anti-slip weaving Applications PP woven bags and PP woven sacks with liners are specially designed for the packaging of pulverous & force flowing materials, which include the following: • Food Products: Flour, Corn, Grain, Sugar, Salt, Animal Feed • Chemicals & Fertilizers: Carbon, Caustic Soda, Potash, Phosphates • Petro chemicals: Polymers, Granules, PVC Compound, Master Batches • Minerals: Cement, Calcium Carbonate, Lime, Sand Advantages of PP Woven Bags Woven bags and sacks of PP offer several advantages over other industrial packaging material. Some of the advantages are: 1. Moisture Proof: PP Bags are inherently moisture repellent 2. Light Weight: PP Bags being lightweight, offers easy and cheap transportation. 3. Printing: Bright 2/3/4 Colour printing offers aggressive marketing prospects 4. Stackability: No problems in stacking. Can be gusseted to further improve stacking 5. Strength: High Tensile strength and long life. 6. Economical: Highly economical compared to other alternative packing material 7. Seepage: No Seepages especially in paper lined bags Market Scenario Woven bags enjoy a good market in India and will continue to do so in the coming years. Plastic woven sacks are rapidly replacing jute bags because they have often various advantages over the conventional jute fabrics as packaging materials. They have excellent chemical resistance; they are light in weight and more suitable for packing of various chemicals in the form of granules and powder. They are also: stronger and can withstand much higher impact loads. Their elongation at break is 15 to 25 per cent compared to 3 per cent for jute; they are much cleaner, both in use and production and can be used to handle food products as they are resistant to fungal attack. Because of such superior properties of plastic woven bags, it has high demand everywhere. Cement industry is increasing day by day.
Plant capacity: 1 Lakh No.s/dayPlant & machinery: 171 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 561 Lakh
Return: 47.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Polypropylene (PP) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labelling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes. An addition polymer made from the monomer propylene, it is rugged and unusually resistant to many chemical solvents, bases and acids. Properties Most commercial polypropylene is isotactic and has an intermediate level of crystallinity between that of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Polypropylene is normally tough and flexible, especially when copolymerized with ethylene. This allows polypropylene to be used as an engineering plastic, competing with materials such as ABS. Polypropylene is reasonably economical, and can be made translucent when uncolored but is not as readily made transparent as polystyrene, acrylic, or certain other plastics. It is often opaque or colored using pigments. Polypropylene has good resistance to fatigue. • Perfectly isotactic PP: Melting Point : 171 °C (340 °F). • Commercial isotactic PP :melting point : 160 to 166 °C (320 to 331 °F), • Syndiotactic PP : crystallinity of: 30% has a melting point of 130 °C (266 °F). There are three general types of polypropylene: homopolymer, random copolymer, and block copolymer. The co-monomer is typically used with ethylene. Ethylene-propylene rubber or EPDM added to polypropylene homopolymer increases its low temperature impact strength. Randomly polymerized ethylene monomer added to polypropylene homopolymer decreases the polymer crystallinity and makes the polymer more transparent. Application: Polypropylene is used in many different settings, both in industry and in consumer goods. It can be used both as a structural plastic and as a fiber. Polypropylene is used in the manufacturing piping systems; both ones concerned with high-purity and ones designed for strength and rigidity (e.g. those intended for use in potable plumbing, hydronic heating and cooling, and reclaimed water). • This material is often chosen for its resistance to corrosion and chemical leaching, its resilience against most forms of physical damage, including impact and freezing, its environmental benefits, and its ability to be joined by heat fusion rather than gluing. • Since polypropylene is resistant to fatigue, most plastic living hinges, such as those on flip-top bottles, are made from this material. However, it is important to ensure that chain molecules are orientated across the hinge to maximise strength. • Very thin sheets of polypropylene are used as a dielectric within certain high-performance pulse and low-loss RF capacitors. • Many plastic items for medical or laboratory use can be made from polypropylene because it can withstand the heat in an autoclave. • Its heat resistance also enables it to be used as the manufacturing material of consumer-grade kettles. • A common application for polypropylene is as biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP). These BOPP sheets are used to make a wide variety of materials including clear bags. • Polypropylene, highly colorfast, is widely used in manufacturing carpets, rugs and mats to be used at home. • Polypropylene is widely used in ropes. • Polypropylene is also used as an alternative to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as insulation for electrical cables for LSZH cable in low-ventilation environments, primarily tunnels. • Polypropylene is also used in particular roofing membranes as the waterproofing top layer of single-ply systems as opposed to modified-bit systems. Market Scenario There is a growing demand for propylene in the world today. The demand is driven primarily by the high growth rate of polypropylene, which is the main end use segment of propylene. The bulk of the propylene supply comes from steam crackers followed by the Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) units in refineries. The supply of propylene from these processes is unable to meet the increasing demand. Most of the new steam cracker capacity is coming up with ethane feedstock, which produces little propylene and there is limited capacity expansion for FCC units. Thus, there is an increased dependability on purpose propylene technologies such as propane dehydrogenation, olefin metathesis and Methanol to Propylene (MTP) to meet the increased demand for propylene.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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