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Petroleum and Petroleum Products, Refining, Greases, Lube Oil, Brake Fluid, Automotive & Industrial Lubricants, Gear Oils, Wax & Wax Products, Paraffin Wax, Polishes, Bitumen, Base Oil, Crude Oil, Fuel Oils, Lubricating Oils, Gear Oils, Kerosene

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. This industry also has immense importance in the growth of economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.Petroleum productsare useful materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. Major products of oil refineries includes asphalt, liquefied petroleum gas, diesel fuel, lubricating oils, fuel oils, gasoline, kerosene, paraffin wax, tar, petrochemicals. Product variation is fairly extensive depending on the requirements of the segment served. In many cases, specific customers have their own special requirements.

The lubricating oil and grease are one of the most important sectors of the petrochemical industry. The lubricating oil and grease market in India is of the order of 1.3 million tonnes and is growing at around 4.5% annually. The moderate growth is paradoxically due to the supply of better quality of lubricants which have longer servicing capability. The lubricant market is estimated to grow to the level of 1.42 million tonnes in 2006-07 and to approximately 2 million tonnes in 2014-15.

The Indian lubricants industry claims to be the sixth largest in the world. It has the presence of almost all major MNCs which include Shell, Mobil, Gulf oil, Caltex. Some of these oil majors have even tied up or renewed old ties with public sector undertakings, thereby gaining the advantage of distribution and infrastructural networks. The industry is being constrained by high petroleum prices.

The Lubricants market was dominated by three public sectors refinery companies. One of them is Bharat Petroleum, followed by Indian Oil Corporation and Hindustan Petroleum. Small contributions came in from BPL and private players like Castrol, Lubrizol India and Indian Additives came into existence for manufacturing sophisticated lubricant additives with the collaboration of Lubrizol and Chevron, respectively.

The Lube market consists of two major segments, automotive and industrial, having a market share of 60% and 40%, respectively. Most of the competition is crowding into the first category. In the automotive segment, while cars and two or three wheelers segment accounts for 30% of the market, diesel operated engines, trucks and other heavy vehicles have the bulk share of 70%.

Some of the leading brands include Mobil, Penzoil, Castrol, Servo, Friction, Modifiers, Multi-G, Power Trac, XHD, Elf, Motorol, ESSO, Shell, to name a few.

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Zero QI Pitch for Graphite - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The manufacture of standard commercial graphite as generally practiced in industry differs greatly from that of metals since graphite has no distinct melting point at reasonable pressures, and the usual methods of forming such as casting in industry is manufactured from carbon base material, rather than mined as the natural substance. For this reason it is frequently called artificial graphite. The graphite industry uses a process akin to that of the ceramic, but differing sharply in that a thermoplastic binder is used. The first coal chemical recovery ovens were installed in the U.S. in 1983. By 1915, coke ovens accounted for 97% of the metallurgical coke produced in the U.S. The yield of coal tar, the feedstock for producing coal tar pitch from a ton of coal is 30 to 45 litres. There is lot of demand for coal tar pitch of present and the supply deficit is very high. Coal tar pitch is used as binder in type the manufacture of various carbons such as graphite electrodes for the steel industry, carbon anodes for the aluminium industry. There are two types of QI that are formed during the cooking of coal: primary and carry over. The aluminium and graphite products industries in the country were at present the main consumers of coal tar pitch and related products. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Eastern Tar Pvt. Ltd. Himadri Chemicals & Inds. Ltd. Jalan Carbons & Chemicals Ltd. Jocil Ltd. Micron Chemicals Ltd. New India Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: High Grade Pitch 35400 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 875 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1447 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 49.00%
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LPG BOTTLING PLANT

PRODUCT PROFILE Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a Propane/Butane mixture liquefied under normal ambient temperature and moderate pressures. It is a safe, clean burning, reliable, high calorific value fuel. In addition to its use as a domestic fuel, it is also widely used in industries, where there is a requirement of low sulphur content fuel and fine temperature controls. The Chemical composition of propane is C3H8 and butane, C4H10. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), popularly known as cooking gas, is a mixture of hydrocarbons which are gaseous at normal temperature, but can be liquefied at moderate pressure, and can be stored in cylinders as a liquid under pressure, and is drawn out and used as gas. Product characteristics Calorific value - 11,900 Kcal/Kg Specified LPG Air ratio -2% to 9% Applications • For industries today, quality, costs, efficiency, environment, heat controllability, among others, are major concerns when it comes to choosing the right fuel. • LPG addresses all these making it the ideal fuel choice for a host of industrial and domestic applications. • LPG is a pure, clean energy source which provides even and controllable heat. This makes it the ideal heat and power source for a wide range of industrial uses. • Since LPG is almost free from sulphur, it can be used in sensitive situations such as chemical processes, etc. • LPG is also used for space and process heating to power industrial ovens, kilns, furnaces, machinery and in food processing units. Global demand The LPG industry is already experiencing a boom with more depots springing up, which will make supply of LPG to the filling plants easier. LPG was introduced as a domestic fuel in the 1960s. The three sources of supplies were refineries, fractionation of associated gas from oil fields and imports. As of early 2000s, about half of domestic LPG production is based on crude oil and the other half comes from natural gas. The imports constitute more than 20% of the supplies. There are efforts to increase import capacity of ports. The demand for LPG has grown from less than 200,000 tons in 1970-71. The average growth rate in demand has been around 12% annually. There are around 40 million LPG customers. Some 15 million have been on the waiting list (only in urban areas). LPG consumption by industry is split as follows: 89% domestic, 1% refinery, 1% transport, 8% industry and 1% agriculture. In the 1990s, LPG demand was estimated at 7.5 to 9.0 million tons (MT) by 2001 to 02 and 10.0 to 12.0 MT by 2006 to 07. Since the applications and demand of LPG is immense therefore the potential of the product is excellent. It is one of the imperative fields to endeavor.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Vacuum Distillation of Crude Coal Tar(SPECIFICALLY CREOSOTE OIL) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Vacuum distillation is the distillation process of separating liquids boiling above 150°C at 1 atm from Nonvolatile impurities. Another liquid is boiling at least 25°C higher than the first. For vacuum distillation of crude coal tar, (specifically creosote oil), the crude coal tar is produced from coke ovens of steel plant, 50% of this crude coal tar in pitch. Coal tar is essentially the thick & black viscous liquid which is obtained by the carbonization of coal, and is a by product in the ordinary manufacture of coal gas. It should be differentiated from all the other forms of tar. Its composition varies enormously according to the mode of its formation in the gas or coke works. Properties: Coal tars are by-products of the destructive distillation (carbonization) of coal to produce coke or gas. The composition and properties of a coal tar depend primarily on the temperature of the carbonization and to a lesser extent on the nature (source) of the coal used as feedstock. In general, coal tars are complex combinations of hydrocarbons, phenols, and heterocyclic oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen compounds. Coal tars typically are black or almost-black viscous liquids or semisolids with a characteristic naphthalene like odor. They are slightly soluble in water, partially soluble in acetone, carbon disulfide, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol, petroleum ether, and sodium hydroxide, and soluble in benzene and nitrobenzene. Low-temperature coal tars (formed at temperatures below 700°C) are black, viscous liquids that are denser than water and contain a lower percentage (40% to 50%) of aromatic compounds than high-temperature coal tars. Coal tars are highly flammable and corrosive, and toxic gases may be released when they burn. Their vapors can form explosive mixtures with air. Uses & Applications:Coal tars and coal-tar pitches have many uses in industry and in consumer products. Coal tars are used primarily for the production of refined chemicals and coal-tar products, such as creosote, coal-tar pitch, and crude naphthalene and anthracene oils from the distillation of crude coal tar. Coal tar has been used as a fuel in open-hearth furnaces and blast furnaces in the steel industry, as a binder and filler in surface-coating formulations, and as a modifier for epoxy resin surface coatings. Coke oven pitch is used to produce pitch coke, which is used as the carbon component of electrodes, carbon brushes, and carbon and graphite articles. Distillation fractions and residues from high temperature coal tars are used for road paving and construction and in the production of naphthalene, recovery of benzene, production of anthracene paste, briquetting of smokeless solid fuel, impregnation of electrodes and fibers, and manufacture of electrodes and graphite. Market Scenario: The downstream markets of coal tar mainly include coal tar deep-processing (phenol, anthracene, industrial naphthalene, and coal tar pitch), carbon black, substitute for heavy oil and exportation. Among these applications, coal tar consumption for deep processing ranked No.1 with 66.4% of the total consumption volume in 2009, followed by carbon black raw oil sharing 28.1% of the total. During 2005-2011, China's coal tar deep processing capacity increased from 5.4 million tons to 16.35 million tons, with a CAGR of 20.3%. From 2010 to Q1 2012, the capacity of the coal tar deep-processing projects planned or construction totaled 8.50 million t/a.
Plant capacity: Creosote Oil 1875 MT/Annum,Phenolic or Carbolic Oil 300 MT/Annum,Naphthalic Oil 900 MT/Annum,Wash Oil 600 MT/Annum,Light Oil 75 MT/Annum, Medium Soft Pitch 3750 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 149 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 323 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 33.00%
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Blending of Lube Oil from Mineral Base Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

A lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce friction between moving surfaces. It may also have the function of transporting foreign particles. The property of reducing friction is known as lubricity. One of the single largest applications for lubricants, in the form of motor oil, is protecting the internal combustion engines in motor vehicles and powered equipment. Typically lubricants contain 90% base oil (most often petroleum fractions, called mineral oils) and less than 10% additives. Vegetable oils or synthetic liquids such as hydrogenated polyolefins, esters, silicones, fluorocarbons and many others are sometimes used as base oils. Additives deliver reduced friction and wear, increased viscosity, improved viscosity index, resistance to corrosion and oxidation, aging or contamination, etc. Lubricants such as 2 cycle oil are added to fuels like gasoline which has low lubricity. Sulfur impurities in fuels also provide some lubrication properties, which has to be taken in account when switching to a low sulfur diesel; biodiesel is a popular diesel fuel additive providing additional lubricity. Uses Automotive, Engine oils, Petrol (Gasoline) engine oils, Diesel engine oils, Automatic transmission fluid, Gearbox fluids, Brake fluids, Hydraulic fluids, Tractor (one lubricant for all systems), Universal Tractor Transmission Oil – UTTO, Super Tractor Oil Universal – STOU – includes engine, Other motors, 2 stroke engine oils, Industrial, Hydraulic oils, Air compressor oils, Gas Compressor oils, Gear oils, Bearing and circulating system oils, Refrigerator compressor oils, Steam and gas turbine oils, Aviation, Gas turbine engine oils, Piston engine oils, Marine, Crosshead cylinder oils, Crosshead Crankcase oils, Trunk piston engine oils, Stern tube lubricants. Market Survey The lubricating oil and grease market in India is of the order of about 4.6 mn tonne and is growing at around 4.5% annually. The moderate growth is paradoxically due to the supply of better quality of lubricants which have longer servicing capability. The lube market consists of two major segments, automotive and industrial, the two having a market share of 65% and 35%, respectively. Most of the competition is crowding into the first category. In the automotive segment, while cars and two/three wheelers segment accounts for 37% of the market, diesel operated engines, trucks and other heavy vehicles have the bulk share of 63%. The market has got increasingly specialised. Two major features of the product trans formation are eco friendliness and energy efficiency. Accordingly, biodegradable oils and long life greases will be in greater demand. Aviation and defense lubricants have been specialised areas which require very meticulous adherence to specifications. Aviation lubricants demand high value addition and is expected to grow faster with commercial aviation. The global lubricant market is generally competitive with numerous manufacturers and marketers. Overall the western market may be considered mature with a flat to declining overall volumes while there is strong growth in the emerging economies. The lubricant marketers generally pursue one or more of the following strategies when pursuing business. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Alicid Organic Inds. Ltd. Asia Refinery Ltd. Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. Bharat Shell Ltd. Burmah Petro Products Ltd. Caltex Lubricants India Ltd. Canara Sales Corpn. Ltd. Castrol India Ltd. Chemoleums Ltd. Continental Petroleums Ltd. Gantley Speciality Products Ltd. Gujarat Indo Lube Ltd. Gujarat Oiland Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Speciality Lubes Ltd. Gulf Carosserie India Ltd. Gulf Oil Corpn. Ltd. Gulf Oil India Limited [Merged] Gulf Oil India Ltd. [Merged] Houghton Hardcastle (I) Ltd. Iccon Oil & Specialities Ltd. Indian Additives Ltd. Indian Oil Blending Ltd. [Merged] Lubrizol India Pvt. Ltd. M P Petrochem Ltd. Motorol (India) Ltd. Motorol Speciality Oils Ltd. Nandan Petrochem Ltd. Panama Petrochem Ltd. Paras Lubricants Ltd. Petrosil Lubricants Ltd. Powerlink Oil Refinery Ltd. Renaissance Petrolube Ltd. Sagar Petroleums Ltd. Sah Petroleums Ltd. Savita Oil Technologies Ltd. Savita Polymers Ltd. Shiva Petro Synth Specialities Ltd. Southern Refineries Ltd. Speciality Petrolubes Ltd. Sunstar Lubricants Ltd. Tata B P Lubricants India Ltd. [Merged] Tide Water Oil Co. (India) Ltd. Total Lubricants India Ltd. Unique Oils India Ltd. Universal Petrochemicals Ltd. Valvoline Cummins Ltd. Velloils Lubricants & Petrochem Ltd. Waxpol Industries Ltd. Witmans Petrochem Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 25 Million Ltrs./AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 487 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1557 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Lubricants Blending Plant Lubricants/Grease/Brake Fluid/Coolant) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

A lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce friction between moving surfaces. It may also have the function of transporting foreign particles. The property of reducing friction is known as lubricity (Slipperiness). A good lubricant possesses the following characteristics: High boiling point; Low freezing point; High viscosity index Thermal stability; Corrosion prevention; High resistance to oxidation. A solid or semisolid lubricant consisting of a thickening agent (soap or other additives) in a fluid lubricant (usually petroleum lubricating oil) is called grease. Grease is a lubricant which has been thickened in order that it remains in contact with moving surfaces and not leak out under gravity or centrifugal action. Brake fluid is a type of hydraulic fluid used in hydraulic brake and hydraulic clutch applications in automobiles, motorcycles, light trucks, and some bicycles. It is used to transfer force into pressure. It works because liquids are not appreciably compressible in their natural state the component molecules do not have internal voids and the molecules pack together well, so bulk forces are directly transferred to trying to compress the fluid's chemical bonds. A coolant is a fluid which flows through or around a device to prevent its overheating, transferring the heat produced by the device to other devices that use or dissipate it. An ideal coolant has high thermal capacity, low viscosity, is low cost, non toxic, and chemically inert, neither causing nor promoting corrosion of the cooling system. Some applications also require the coolant to be an electrical insulator. Uses and Applications Lubricants perform the following key functions: keep moving parts apart; reduce friction; transfer heat; carry away contaminants & debris; transmit power; protect against wear; prevent corrosion; seal for gases; stop the risk of smoke and fire of objects and prevent rust. Functions of lubricating grease: reduce wear and tear; sealant to contaminants; prevent corrosion; prevent rust and increases heat transmission. Coolant compositions are used for a variety of applications. For instance, a paper discloses a coolant composition having glycol as a main component, which prevents iron and aluminum from being corroded, and in particular, has corrosion preventing properties for aluminum and aluminum alloys at high temperatures. Another data comprises an improved antifreeze coolant composition with certain additives that serve to increase the thermal stability of the glycol component of a glycol/water coolant composition and to reduce the tendency of the glycol component to degrade under elevated thermal conditions. They are also used for cold preservation of foods by utilizing the latent heat of fusion at the freezing point which is substantially higher than 0°C. Brake fluids must maintain a low level of compressibility that remains low, even with varying temperatures. Market Survey Worldwide, there are 1380 lubricant manufacturers ranging from large to small. At present, there are about 180 such national and multinational oil companies engaged in manufacturing lubricants. The 1200 independent lubricant companies mainly concentrate on the manufacturing and marketing of lubricants and view lubricants as their core business. On one hand there are vertically integrated petroleum companies whose main business objective is the discovery, extraction and refining of crude oil. . While the large, integrated companies focus on high volume lubricants such as engine, gear and hydraulic oils, many independent lube companies concentrate on specialties and niche business, where apart from some tailor made lubricants, comprehensive and expert customer service is part of the package. Central and Eastern Europe account for the majority of worldwide grease usage. Followed by Asia Pacific, North America, Western Europe, Central and South America, Africa and the Middle East. A significant difference in the types of products used exists among these regions. Western Europe and North America typically require higher quality products than do Central and Eastern European users. Africa uses specialized products (such as greases for mining equipment) and the use of Polyurea products predominates in Asia. India reports a higher percentage of lithium, lithium complex and greases in comparison to the international data. This could be due to a difference in equipment lubrication demands in various parts of the India. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Alicid Organic Inds. Ltd. Asia Refinery Ltd. Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. Bharat Shell Ltd. Burmah Petro Products Ltd. Caltex Lubricants India Ltd. Canara Sales Corpn. Ltd. Castrol India Ltd. Chemoleums Ltd. Continental Petroleums Ltd. Gantley Speciality Products Ltd. Gujarat Indo Lube Ltd. Gujarat Oiland Inds. Ltd. Gujarat Speciality Lubes Ltd. Gulf Carosserie India Ltd. Gulf Oil Corpn. Ltd. Gulf Oil India Limited [Merged] Gulf Oil India Ltd. [Merged] Houghton Hardcastle (I) Ltd. Iccon Oil & Specialities Ltd. Indian Additives Ltd. Indian Oil Blending Ltd. [Merged] Lubrizol India Pvt. Ltd. M P Petrochem Ltd. Motorol (India) Ltd. Motorol Speciality Oils Ltd. Nandan Petrochem Ltd. Panama Petrochem Ltd. Paras Lubricants Ltd. Petrosil Lubricants Ltd. Powerlink Oil Refinery Ltd. Renaissance Petrolube Ltd. Sagar Petroleums Ltd. Sah Petroleums Ltd. Savita Oil Technologies Ltd. Savita Polymers Ltd. Shiva Petro Synth Specialities Ltd. Southern Refineries Ltd. Speciality Petrolubes Ltd. Sunstar Lubricants Ltd. Tata B P Lubricants India Ltd. [Merged] Tide Water Oil Co. (India) Ltd. Total Lubricants India Ltd. Unique Oils India Ltd. Universal Petrochemicals Ltd. Valvoline Cummins Ltd. Velloils Lubricants & Petrochem Ltd. Waxpol Industries Ltd. Witmans Petrochem Pvt. Ltd. Cost Estimation Capacity Blended Lubricating Oil : 10 KL/Day Greases : 1 KL/Day Brake Fluid : 0.67 KL/Day Coolant : 1 KL/Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs. 274 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs.1330 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Guar Gum Powder(Drilling Grade)- Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Guar gum, a natural gum, is an edible thickening agent extracted from the guar bean. Guar beans have a large endosperm which contains galactomannan gum which forms a gel in water. This is commonly known as guar gum and is widely used Food and industrial applications. Guar gum has also proven a useful substitute for locust bean gum. Guar Gum is a white to yellowish white powder and is nearly odorless. Fine finished Guar Gum Powder is available in different viscosities and granulometries depending on the desired viscosity development and applications. Guar gum is a cold water soluble polysaccharide, consisting of mannose and galactose units. This ability to hydrate without heating makes it very useful in many industrial and food applications. Guar gum is an economical thickener and stabilizer. It hydrates fairly rapidly in cold water to give highly viscous pseudo plastic solutions of generally greater low-shear viscosity when compared with other hydrocolloids and much greater than that of locust bean gum. Guar Gum is known as one of the best thickening additives, emulsifying additives and stabilizing additives. Uses and Applications One of the wide uses of guar gum is in top-hole oil well drilling. Industrial grade guar gum powder suitable for use in oil well fracturing, oil well stimulation, mud drilling and industrial applications and preparations as a stabilizer, thickener and suspending agent. It is a natural, fast hydrating dispersible guar gum and is diesel slurriable. In the oil field industry, guar gum is used as a surfactant, synthetic polymer and de-foam ideally suited for all rheological requirements of water-based and brine-based drilling fluids. It has high degree of substitution, good uniformity of substitution, high transparency, viscosity and water loss can be controlled. It is suitable for fresh water, sea water, saturated brine slurry, stabilizes soft soil structure, prevent collapse of wall of a well, it can improve mud-making volume, reduce filteration loss. It also has excellent performance in drilling of oil. Market Survey The production list of guar is dominated by India as a leading producer of this crop. The consumption pattern of guar seeds is largely influenced by the demands from the petroleum industry of United States of America and the oil fields in the Middle East as the derivative products of these seeds are quite useful in the petroleum drilling industries. India is also the world leader in the exports of guar and its derivatives followed by Pakistan. India produces 600000 lakh tons of guar annually i.e. the maximum level of production in the world. It contributes to around 80% share in the world’s total production. Industrial-grade guar gum, currently the more desirable of the two grades, is utilized in hydraulic fracturing fluids. Guar gum has recently seen a significant spike in prices. Industry insiders are pointing to market manipulation, in the forms of price speculation by traders, hoarding by suppliers and increased demand from the fracking fluid industry as the primary reason for these increases. Currently, prices are at a 12-year high and have been rising at an extraordinary rate – making these figures, quite possibly, some of the fastest-moving commodity prices ever seen. India and Pakistan are the major producers of guar gum. India, which produces nearly 80 percent of the world's guar gum, is also the largest exporter of this product, as guar gum requires a unique climate of drought and monsoon weather for successful growth. Few Major Players are as under:- Ace Gum Industries Pvt. Ltd. Ecap Equities Ltd. Edel Commodities Ltd. Edelweiss Trading & Holdings Ltd. Hindustan Gum & Chemicals Ltd. India Glycols Ltd. Jai Bharat Gum & Chemicals Ltd. Jindal Leasefin Ltd. K C India Ltd. Lucid Colloids Ltd. Shree Shubham Logistics Ltd. Unique Organics Ltd. Vegan Colloids Ltd. Vikas Granaries Ltd. Vikas W S P Ltd.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/Day Plant & machinery: Rs.213 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost Of Project : Rs.832 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Waste Lubricating Oil Recycling - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Lubricating oils are widely used in industries to reduce friction and wear by interposing a thin film of oil between metallic surfaces. During normal use, impurities such as water, salt, dirt, metal scrapings, broken down additive components, varnish and other materials can get mixed in with the oil or be generated in it due to thermal degradation or oxidation. Re-refining of used lube oil is an economically attractive recycling method in terms of resources conservation and environment protection. It allows processing of hazardous material in a safe and effective way to recover a high quality base oil product. This result in a strong economic incentive for re-refining considering lube oil price. Used lubricating oil content Carbon Particle, un-dissolved Sold particles foreign material and above all 60-70% non used oil. For refining of lubricating oil it may be used filtration technique, centrifugation, adsorption technique, membrane filtration technique. The methods are basically physical treatment of oil, in some cases it may be chemical process. The lubricating oil and grease market in India is of the order of about 4.6 mn tonne and is growing at around 4.5% annually. The moderate growth is paradoxically due to the supply of better quality of lubricants which have longer servicing capability. The Indian lubricants industry claims to be the sixth largest in the world. Major MNCs such as Shell, Mobil, Gulf Oil, Castrol and Caltex have established operations in India. Some of these have even tied up or renewed old ties with public sector undertakings, thereby gaining the ad-vantage of distribution and infrastructural networks. The industry has been constrained in the recent period by high petroleum prices. Thus, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Alicid Organic Inds. Ltd. Amar Parkash Agro India Ltd. Anabond Ltd. Apar Industries Ltd. Asia Refinery Ltd. Bharat Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. Bharat Shell Ltd. Burmah Petro Products Ltd. C M L Holdings Ltd. C P C Logistics Ltd. Cals Refineries Ltd. Canara Sales Corpn. Ltd. Castrol India Ltd. Chemoleums Ltd. Chevron Lubricants India Pvt. Ltd. Continental Petroleums Ltd. Escorts Ltd. Falcon Infrastructures Ltd. Frontline Corporation Ltd. G N B Motors Ltd. Gagan Gases Ltd. Gantley Speciality Products Ltd.
Plant capacity: 5400 KLs. /AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 105 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 684 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Petroleum Distillation Plant (Oil Distillation/Refinery Plant) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Petroleum, oily, flammable liquid that occurs naturally in deposits, usually beneath the surface of the earth; it is also called crude oil. It consists principally of a mixture of hydrocarbons, with traces of various nitrogenous and sulfurous compounds. Crude oil is one of the most valuable commodities in the world, but only after it has been refined into petroleum products. Crude oil refining is a key transformation step in the Midstream Sector of the oil and gas value chain because it adds commercial value to the oil by transforming it into many different marketable products. While just about every country in the world depends on oil, not all countries produce it. The top five oil producing countries are: Saudi Arabia, Russia, United States, Iran, and China. It is important to note that the term production here refers to crude oil extracted from oil reserves. The top five oil consuming countries are: United States, China, Japan, Russia, and Germany. The physical properties and exact chemical composition of crude oil varies from one locality to another. The different hydrocarbon components of petroleum are dissolved natural gas, gasoline, benzene, naphtha, kerosene, diesel fuel and light heating oils, heavy heating oils, and finally tars of various. Chemical Composition: Carbon 83.0 to 87.0% Hydrogen 10.0 to 14.0 % Sulphur 0.05 to 6.0 % Nitrogen 0.1 to 2.0 % Oxygen 0.05 to 1.5 % Metals 0.00 to 0.14 %
Plant capacity: Gasoline: 200 MT/Day•Naphtha: 150 MT/Day•Middle Distillate: 150 MT/Day•Lube Oil : 250 MT/Day •Asphalt: 150 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 19722 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 24965 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Light Liquid Paraffin Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Light Liquid Paraffin Oil IP is highly purified mixture of liquid saturated hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum and is highly paraffinic in nature. Light Liquid Paraffin oil is transparent, & free from fluorescence in day light. It is colourless, tasteless, and odourless when cold. Light liquid paraffin oil IP highly refined hydro-treated oil has excellent thermal & chemical stability, having high flash point & is soluble in Chloroform & solvent Ether. Light Liquid Paraffin Oil is an inert colourless odourless fluid suitable for use as a mould releasing agent, in manufacture of antistatic oils, Petroleum Jellies and Aggarbatties, as ainsulant, as a defrothing agent in vinegars, etc. Its multiplicity of end uses makes it a product of versatile usage. Light liquid paraffin Oils are extensively used as bases for pharmaceuticals and personal care products. The inertness of the product offers properties such as good lubricity, smoothness and softness and resistance to moisture in the formulations. In various industries as under: Food Industry, Agriculture ,Cosmetics ,Chemical Industry, Pharmaceuticals ,Various Other Industry etc. Growing demand for cosmetics and personal care products is expected to drive the mineral oil market. Owing to the increasing disposable income and changing lifestyle of majority of global population specially the youth population is anticipated to drive the cosmetics industry. So any new entrants can venture in to this industry.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 1085 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1560 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Paraffin Wax - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft solid derivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37°C (99°F); its boiling point is >370 °C (698 °F). Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles. It is distinct from kerosene, another petroleum product that is sometimes called paraffin. Paraffin wax from a solvent dewaxing operation is commonly known as slack wax, and the processes used for the production of waxes are aimed at de-oiling the slack wax (petroleum wax concentrate). Wax sweating was originally used to separate wax fractions with various melting points from the wax obtained from shale oils. Wax sweating is still used to some extent but is being replaced by the more convenient crystallization process. Chemically, paraffin wax is a mixture of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons (with the general formula CnH2n+2).Wax is the residue extracted when lubricant oils are dewaxed and it has a crystalline structure with a carbon number greater than 12.The main characteristics of wax are (1) absence of color, (2) absence of odor, (3) translucence, and (4) a melting point above 45°C (113°F). Uses • Candle-making • Coatings for waxed paper or cloth • Food-grade paraffin wax: • Shiny coating used in candy-making; although edible, it is nondigestible, passing right through the body without being broken down • Coating for many kinds of hard cheese, like Edam cheese • Sealant for jars, cans, and bottles • Chewing gum additive • Anti-caking agent, moisture repellent, and dust binding coatings for fertilizers • Used in Forensic investigations Wax consumption has been projected to grow at an average annual rate of greater than 2 percent from 2010 to 2020. Waxes are used in a variety of products, including packaging, coatings, personal care products and of course, candles. Waxes can also be further processed into synthetic lubricants. Overall wax demands are largest for board sizing and candles . Combined these two products account for about 44 percent of the demand. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Chennai Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. • Mahalaxmi Dyes & Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: Paraffin Wax:10 MT/Day •Micro Crystalline Wax (Bye Product):0.03 MT/Day •Foot Oil (Bye Product):2.51MT/Day Plant & machinery: Rs 270 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 922 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 45.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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