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Livestock Farming Business Ideas, Animal Husbandry (Cow, Sheep, Pig, Goat, Buffalo, Rabbit), Farm Animals To Raise, Poultry, Dairy Farming, Cattle Rearing, Cattle Breeding Farm, Cattle & Poultry Feed, Fodder

Livestock farming is raising animals for food or to selland is very well planned.  Livestocks animals play an important role in rural economic development. Some of these animals include cattle or dairy cows, chickens, goats, pigs, horses, sheep, etc. The other livestock animals include donkeys, mules, and rabbits.  Bees can be raised generally for their honey.  All varieties of fish are raised on fish farms.  India is the second largest market worldwide and aquaculture contributes 1.5 per cent to the gross domestic product (GDP), Livestock gives us meat, eggs and milk apart from using the skins (leather) and hair of some animals for blankets, clothing, shoes, and brushes. Hoofs and horns are used for buttons, combs, glue and knives.  Manure from these animals will be used to make plants grow better. Poultry farming is raising chickens, turkeys, ducks and other fowl for meat or eggs. India is the fourth largest market worldwide in poultry with growth expected up to US$11.3 billion by 2015.Dairy farms are farms where cows are raised to make milk and milk products like cheese, ice cream, butter and whipping cream. Today, poultry raising and dairy farming are big business. India has a high potential in the sheep industry and also a very diverse genetic resources through which, if scientifically bred the production in sheep industry can be enhanced.

India is endowed with livestock resources of vast genetic diversity and accounts for about 11 percent of the world livestock population. The country boasts of 55 per cent of the world buffalo population, 20 per cent of the goat population and 16 per cent of the cattle population in the world. India has the largest cattle and buffalo population in the world and holds the second rank with respect to goat and sheep world population.

Major live animals which are being exported from the country comprise goats, sheep, horses, asses, mules, ducks, goose, turkeys and swine. At present, India accounts for about one sixth of the world’s cattle and half of the buffalo population. While cattle and buffalo are reared for producing milk and milk products, other species of livestock like pig, sheep, poultry birds and goat are raised for meat production.Indian beef and buffalo meat (cara-beef)product is preferred in many destinations due to its’ cost competitiveness, high water retention capacity and good blending properties

India’s exports of live animals like sheep and goat over the years continued to dominate with a registered growth of 9.98 per cent over the last three years. The other animals like horses, asses, mules, hinnies etc. also overs the years have registered a profitable growth rate of 3.94 per cent over the last three years. According to recent export news India’s murrah buffaloes are capable of meeting the increasing demand for them is multiplying fast on the national and international front who are capable of meeting the increasing demand for milk. Indian cara-beef exports have remained stable during last year and rise in 4 per cent will be seen in the coming years, mainly the result of a stable 5 per cent rise in production and growing domestic consumption (out of the 20 per cent strictly vegetarian population). Most of the increase in local product will account for buffalo meat, as the buffalo population percentage out of total cattle has rapidly increased in recent years due to high milk yields, less fat and bone and no slaughter restrictions in most states when compared to cows. The government is making concerted efforts to tap the vast export potential of the country’s huge livestock population.

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POULTRY FARMING - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Plant Layout

Poultry farming has occupied an important place in the Indian economy. With the fast food culture an accepted feature, poultry farming is playing a greater role in the eatery business in India. It has emerged as the fastest growing segment in the agri livestock industry. Emergence of poultry as a large scale commercial enterprise took place less than 35 years ago. Poultry industry is producing a large quantity of eggs and nutritious meat for the second largest demography in the world of Indian subcontinent. It is making all efforts to develop the overseas market. The growing poultry industry in recent years has been adopted as a subsidiary or a main occupation which means promotion of economic up gradation. Poultry was a desi birds rearing industry in early fifties. Poultry farming was greatly helped in the economic and employment upliftment of our rural population. We may hope that by the end of century, poultry farming will be recognized as one of the most significant means of eradicating rural poverty and malnutrition. With greater awareness among consumers regarding meat quality, the demand of chicken meat will be much higher than the production. One advantage in rearing poultry is the fact that a small area of land suffices whereas much larger area would be needed for any other livestock enterprise. Marketing of poultry products usually poses no protein rich eggs and poultry meat is continuously on increase near urban areas. There are government and other financial and technical inputs to enthusiastic investors to undertake poultry farming as a vocation. Today, layer units of 100,000 birds and above under the cage system is common. India produces 40,000 million eggs and 1200 million broilers annually. More than 100,000 poultry farms of varying size ranging from few birds exist in rural and tribal areas of the country. There are about 123,000 poultry farmers in India. The value of output from the poultry sector is nearly Rs 330 billion. India has emerged as the fourth largest producer of eggs and ninth largest producer of poultry meat in the world. Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana and Tamil Nadu are the major egg producing states. These states accounted for more than 50 per cent of the eggs produced in the country. There is a very good scope in this sector to venture. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Agritech Hatcheries & Foods Ltd. Agrocorpex India Ltd. Arambagh Hatcheries Ltd. Arora Poultry Products Ltd. Bangalore Fort Farms Ltd. Baramati Agro Ltd. C & M Farming Ltd. Jagat Agriculture & Forest Ltd. Kalanjium Thozhilagam Pvt. Ltd. Paika Farmtech Ltd. S K M Animal Feeds & Foods (India) Ltd. Srinivasa Hatcheries Ltd. Suguna Poultry Farm Ltd. Super Farm Products Ltd. Venco Research & Breeding Farm Pvt. Ltd. Venkateshwara Hatcheries Pvt. Ltd. Venkateshwara Research & Breeding Farm Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100000 Birds/Annum, 150000 Eggs/Annum (Poultry Farming)Plant & machinery: 8 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 56 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 47.00%
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EMU BIRDS (Farming, Breeding & Meat Production) - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

EMU (Dromaius novaehollandiae) bird belong to ratite group has high economic value for their meat, eggs, oil, skin and feathers. Meat from emu is of high quality in terms of low fat, low cholesterol, gamey flavour. These birds are adoptable to varied climatic conditions. Although emu and ostrich were introduced in India, emu farming has gained much importance. Emu and ostrich features, management of these birds during chick, growing, fattening, breeding and non-breeding stages were covered. Care and hatching of eggs, nutrient requirements, healthcare and products of emu and ostrich were also covered. Economics of emu rearing with reference to the cost of maintaining breeders cost of production of eggs and chick are covered. Commercial aspects of rearing emu has picked up in India in a big way as it promises a long-term return as compared to the initial investment. Emu bird farming is basically just like poultry. The way we look after poultry, cattle farming or goat farming, it is a similar kind of farming which is flourishing in India. As the rearing of Emu birds has increased several fold over the years, several enterprising farmers have come together to open units for separating the various products of the bird and make them available in the market in good quantities. There are several organizations making more efforts to spread awareness of the many health benefits of consuming Emu meat and using its oil. Valued cuts are from thigh and larger muscle of drum or lower leg. Emu skin is fine and strong. Leg skin is of distinctive pattern hence highly valued. Emu fat is rendered to produce oil, which has dietary, therapeutic (anti inflammatory) and cosmetic value. The country's first commercial emu farm was started in 1996 by an NRI named Mutiyala but it soon closed down. Mutiyala left for the US within months of starting his project because of the poor response. The reason for the growth of emu farms today is the increasing demand for the bird's meat and oil, which is believed to have medicinal properties, especially for treating joint pains and also high economic value for their eggs, skin and feathers. Far from its native habitat in Australia, the flightless emu is leaving its footprint across the plains of India, with an increasing number of farmers commercially rearing the ostrich-size bird. From a single farm in 1996, there are today more than 900 emu farms in 14 states, with a majority of them in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus) are reared commercially in many parts of the world for their meat, oil, skin and feathers, which are of high economic value. The anatomical and physiological features of these birds appear to be suitable for temperate and tropical climatic conditions. These birds can be well maintained on extensive (ranches) and semi intensive rearing systems with reasonably high fibrous diets. United State, Australia and China are leading in emu and of America ostrich farming. Emu and ostrich were introduced recently into India. Compared to ostrich, emu rearing is picking up. The Emu rearing is a promising source of considerable revenue and employment generation where the farmers would be able to sustain if a ready market was created by way of opening slaughter and processing units right here. The growth in Emu rearing would further indirectly boost the development of maize and soya crops. Emu birds are well adapted to Indian climatic conditions. Although emu farming is economical so far none of the farmers have entered in to the marketing of emu products. Emu business can bring handsome profit in both domestic and international market in the long run. EMU farming is a complementary to agriculture and is going to be the most profitable business in the near future. Emu farming offers great scope and potential because of its supplementary income, additional employment and simplicity in operation EMU farming in India is a huge business scheme with an enormous growth potential. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Simran Emu Farm & Hatchery, Sami’s Rearing and Farming Raman Gujral Aditya Emu Farm Queen Emu Farms Private Limited Platinum Emu Farms Sri Ramachandra Emu Farm House Ganesh Emu Farm VSP Emu Farm J.P. Emu Farm Sree Bakawathe Emu Farm Umrigar Emu Farm Rangrej Emu Farm Gurukrupa Emu Farm Aditya Emu Farm RK Emu Farm Rangrej Emu Farm Tirumala EMU Farm Siva Naga Emu Farm Golden Emu Farms Private Limited Haryana Emu Farms Sri Krishna Emu Farms Private Limited Lalitha Emu Farms The Golden Birds Poultry Farm NS Agro Farm & Hatchery Sumukha Farms V. R. 3 Emu Farms & Hatchery Unit Susi Emu Farms India Private Limited Rangrej Emu Farms Madhus EMU Farms Sri Palayathamman Emu Farms
Plant capacity: Meat 20,000 Kgs., EMU Chick 5000 Nos., EMU Oil 4000 Kgs., Eggs 20,000 Nos. /AnnumPlant & machinery: 44 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 759 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 34.00%
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OSSEIN/GELATIN - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Plant Layout

Gelatin is a pure colorless water-soluble glutinous protein derived from natural sources such as the hides and bones of animals (cattle, pig, fish, and poultry). Gelatin is a nearly complete protein lacking only one essential amino acid-tryptophan. It is free of fat, cholesterol and preservatives. Gelatin is considered GRAS, Generally Recognized as Safe, according the FDA. Ossein is the organic matter of animal bones that are rich in collagen. Generally hydrochloric acid is used in extracting ossein from bones and ossein is used for the production of gelatin. The largest use of gelatin is in the food industry, primarily in candies, desserts and dairy products. Gelatin has many physical characteristics that make it suitable for food applications. These characteristics are its melt-in-the-mouth feel, its ability to form thermo reversible gels, and its clarity and bland flavor. Another use of gelatin is in the pharmaceutical industry for hard and soft capsule manufacture, health supplements and micro-encapsulation. Gelatin protects the active pharmaceutical ingredients from exposure to air, light and moisture. Gelatin is also used in the manufacture of photographic products where it’s uniquely suited for the preparation of silver emulsions. There are also a myriad of other applications that use gelatin such as millinery, industrial products, art supplies and scientific research. Gelatin is available in a granular, powder or leaf form. Leaf gelatin is mainly used in culinary applications. Gelatin is produced through a series of processing steps that include demineralization, hydrolysis, extraction, evaporation, purification, drying and blending. Depending on the raw materials used, processing can take anywhere from two weeks to two months. Demand for gelatin is largely driven by the application in soft and hard gelatine capsules. Gelatin capsules are used as oral dosage form in pharmaceutical and neutraceutical feed. The Indian demand is around 12500 tonnes both for the Pharmaceutical and neutraceutical sector (for gelatine capsules) including tablet coating and Food, edible and technical sector. The global demand for gelatine is around 315000 tonnes per annum with a growth rate of around 2% per annum. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field to create new capacities.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Poultry & Cattle Feed - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Feeds are used as edible materials, which are consumed by cattle, poultry and contribute energy and/or nutrients to the cattle or poultry diet. Feeds is needed to produce cattle or poultry, which are substantial parts of the food industry. Poultry includes chickens, turkeys, ducks, guineas, pigeons, pheasant, ostrich, peafowl and swan etc. India has the largest cattle, buffalo and goat population according to latest census. About one sixth of the cattles, half of buffalo, and one fifth of goat population in world are in India. With animal feed plant coming up in high class cities especially in Chennai, Kolkata and Mumbai who are producing top quality of poultry and cattle feeds with the resource available to these units, it is certain that animal feeds produced in India will find an instant market in the neighbouring countries. It is expected that in the next few years the animal feed industry would rank among the major industries of India and will be able to help the animal production programme in various countries around the world. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd. Agro Tech India Ltd. Alchemist Ltd. Allana Cold Storage Ltd. Amrit Feeds Ltd. Andhra Sugars Ltd. Anirudh Foods Ltd. Annam Feeds Ltd. Anupam Extractions Ltd. Arambagh Hatcheries Ltd. Aries Agro Ltd. Aries Marketing Ltd. B C L Industries & Infrastructures Ltd. Balaji Foods & Feeds Ltd. Baramati Agro Ltd. Brooke Bond Lipton India Ltd. C & M Farming Ltd. C P Aquaculture (India) Pvt. Ltd. Chambal Fertilisers & Chemicals Ltd. Damania Pharma Ltd. Gajanan Extraction Ltd. Genomics Biotech Ltd. Godrej Agrovet Ltd. Goldmohur Foods & Feeds Ltd. Gpsij Hi-Tech Agro Foods & Farms Ltd. Graintec India Ltd. Hanuman Minor Oils Ltd. Haryana Agro Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Hatsun Agro Products Ltd. Indian Potash Ltd. Induss Food Products & Equipment Ltd. Intercorp Biotech Ltd. Jagat Industries Ltd. Japfa Comfeed India Pvt. Ltd. Jupiter Biotech Ltd. K R M Marine Exports Ltd. K S E Ltd. Kapila Krishi Udyog Ltd. Karnataka State Agro Corn Products Ltd. Kirti Dal Mills Ltd. Kumar Food Inds. Ltd. Kwality Feeds Ltd. Lakshmi Energy & Foods Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Lipton India Ltd. Maharashtra Agro-Inds. Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Modern India Ltd. Nova Chemie (India) Ltd. Pioneer Feeds & Poultry Products Pvt. Ltd. Pranav Agro Inds. Ltd. Prima Agro Ltd. Puri Oil Mills Ltd. Rainbow Agri Inds. Ltd. Rasdhara Agro Exports Ltd. Rinku Polychem Ltd. S K M Animal Feeds & Foods (India) Ltd. S O L Ltd. Sakthi Beverages Ltd. Schreiber Dynamix Dairies Ltd. Shalimar Pellet Feeds Ltd. Sharat Industries Ltd. Snam Vijaya Feeds Ltd. Somkan Marine Foods Ltd. Sona Oil & Chemical Inds. Ltd. Sonitpur Solvex Ltd. Suguna Poultry Farm Ltd. Suguna Poultry Products Ltd. Super Farm Products Ltd. Superhouse Ltd. Swastika Feeds Ltd. Tara Health Foods Ltd. Tata Oil Mills Co. Ltd. Tinna Oils & Chemicals Ltd. Unique Agro Processors (India) Ltd. Utkal Feeds Pvt. Ltd. Vegepro Foods & Feeds Ltd. Venco Research & Breeding Farm Pvt. Ltd. Venkateshwara Hatcheries Pvt. Ltd. Venky'S (India) Ltd. Venky'S (India) Ltd. [Erstwhile] Vijay Agro Products Pvt. Ltd. Waterbase Ltd. Zeus Biotech Ltd. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 15000 MT/Annum (Cattle Feed) : 15000 MT/Annum (Poultry Feed)
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 309 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 689 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 57.00%
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DAIRY FARMING FOR MILK - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

In India dairying has been practiced as a rural cottage industry since the remote past, semi commercial dairying started with the establishment of military dairy farms and co operative milk unions throughout the country towards the end of the 19th century. The importance of milk in human diet especially for children and expectant and nursing matters is vital. To meet the demand of the increasing population milk production in India has to be increased. The development and maintenance of a superior dairy herd can be a sourced a considerable price and satisfaction. Success in dairy farming, like any professional achievement, does not come, easily. It requires the very best of anyone’s ability to properly manage, feed, and breed a good herd of cows. The milk is used as a food. It is used to prepare curd, butter, ghee, cream and ice cream and it is used in hotels and restaurants as milk food preparation and in the preparation of tea. In 1998 India became the largest producer of milk in the world. It is also the largest consumer. There is very good market potential of these products. The developing country like India is increasing its foreign exchange by exporting dairy as well as other processed food products. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Amruth Agro Farms Pvt. Ltd. Adarsh Coop. Dairy Society Ltd. Bajaj Cattle Dairy Farms, Harihar Coop Dairy Society Ltd. Subarna Agro Dairy Pvt. Ltd. A B T Industries Ltd. Anik Industries Ltd. Bansal Naturevest Ltd. Belapur Industries Ltd. Dairyfield Ltd. Dempo Dairy Inds. Ltd. Diana Tea Co. Ltd. Dinshaw'S Dairy Foods Ltd. Goldline Milkfood Ltd. Heinz India Pvt. Ltd. I D L Agro Chemicals Ltd. Induri Farm Ltd. K S E Ltd. Kaira Can Co. Ltd. Mafco Ltd. Mahaveer Krishi Kendra Ltd. Metro Dairy Ltd. Milma Foods Ltd. Mirage Impex Pvt. Ltd. Mother Dairy Kerala Ltd. Nijjer Agro Foods Ltd. Rama Dairy Products Ltd. Ravileela Dairy Products Ltd. Rishabh Agro Inds. Ltd. Royal Dairy Ltd. Ruchi Acroni Inds. Ltd. Sri Skandan Inds. Ltd. Svera Agro Ltd. Umang Dairies Ltd. Vidya Dairy Cost Estimation: Capacity : 720000 Ltrs./Annum Total Cows 150 Nos. Assume 100 cows will give Milk Through out the year Avg. 20 Ltrs. Milk/Day/Cows
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 12 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 160 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 32.00%
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Goat Farming for Meat and Breeding - Cattle Breeding Farm, Fodder, Livestock Farming, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Goat is one of the world’s smallest domesticated livestock, have been actively managed for food and fiber earlier and longer than cattle and sheep. Goats can survive on bushes, trees, desert scrub, and vegetation that sheep and cattle are not able to consume. This dietary versatility and adaptability combined with a hardy constitution is what makes goats a primary livestock animal for most of the world. The goat; a mini cow is multipurpose animal to provide milk meat, hide, hair (fur) and manure for soil. In hilly areas goats are also used for hauling light load. Now in rural areas goat farming plays a vital role to solve unemployment. The economic return from keeping goats is high compared to other farming enterprises. Goats can reproduce under extreme conditions that would eliminate other species. They can live in hot, tropical climates as well as cool, temperate climates. They seem to be able to live and even flourish under desert conditions. These factors have made goats a very important domestic animal. Goat farming can be a profitable occupation of a farmer and can be fit well into mixed farming. Classification of Goats The wild goats have four species as follows Ibex (Capra ibex), Spanish Idex (Capra pyrenacia), Markhor (Capra falconeri), and Wild Goat (Capra aegarus). On the basis of body weight goat breeds in India can be broadly classified as large sized (Jamunapari, Beetal, Jhakarana), mediusm sized (Sirohi or Marwari/Golwadi, Zalabari, Kitchi, Surti, Sangamneri, Osmanabadi, Gaddi, Ganjam, Chegu) and small sized (Bengal types, Assam hill goat). The scientific name of domestic goat is Capra hircus aegagrius. Advantages of Goat Farming / Utility of Goats: • The goat is a multipurpose animal producing meat, milk, hide, fiber and manure. In hilly areas, goats are also used for hauling light loads. • Goats have very few demands of housing and management. They hardly need separate housing and happily share their homes with their owners or his other livestock. • Goats can be raised by landless agricultural labourers, ladies and children because they can thrive well on variety of leaves, shrubs, bushes, kitchen waste etc. • Goat farming can be a profitable occupation for a farmer and can fit well into mixed farming. • Goats are cheaper to maintain, easily available and have a friendly disposition. • Goats are capable of adapting to various agro climatic conditions ranging from arid dry to cold arid to hot humid. They can be raised in plains, hilly tracts, sandy zones and at high altitudes. • Goats are more tolerant to hot climate than other farm animals. • Goats suffer from fewer ailments than other large animals. • Goats are called the foster mother of man, as their milk is considered better for human nutrition than other species of livestock. Milk is cheap, wholesome, easily digestible and nutritious. • Goat milk is finer than cow milk i.e. the fats and proteins are present in a finer state and are more easily digestible, especially by children and invalids. • Goat milk has lesser allergic problems than other species of livestock. • Goat milk is used as ayurvedic medicine for personas ailing with asthma, cough, diabetes etc. And has higher buffering qualities and this enhances its value for patients suffering from peptic ulcers, liver dysfunction, jaundice, billiard disorders and other digestive problems. • Goat hide is used for the manufacture of leather products. • Goat hairs are used for the manufacture of rugs and ropes. • Pashmina shawls, Mohair and Kashmere carpets are in great demand and are sold at very high prices. • Goat manure is 2.5 times richer in nitrogen and phosphoric acid than cow manure. Market Scenario The world population of goats is approximately 674 million, of which 94% are found in the developing countries. Africa and Asia account for about 81% of the total population in the developing countries, including a bewildering variety of breeds. Goat rearing is the backbone of economy of small and landless farmers in India. It is an insurance against crop failure and provides alternate source of livelihood to farmers all the year round. Goats play an important role in income generation, capital storage, employment generation and improving household nutrition. Goats are among the main meat-producing animals in India, whose meat (chevon) is one of the choicest meats and has huge domestic demand. Besides meat, goats provide other products like milk, skin, fibre and manure. Goats are important part of rural economy, particularly in the arid, semi arid and mountainous regions of the country with more than 124 million population. The largest amount of goat milk is produced in India, followed by Bangladesh and Sudan. China has the largest total number of goats in the world, but they are mainly kept for meat production. ?
Plant capacity: 1000 GoatsPlant & machinery: 6 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 115 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 33.00%
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Goat & Sheep Farming - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Goat and sheep rearing is the backbone of economy of small and landless farmers in India. It is an insurance against crop failure and provides alternate source of livelihood to famers all the year round. Goats play an important role in income generation, capital storage, employment generation and improving household nutrition. Being smaller in size they are easier to manage, require less space and can be easily handled by women and children. Sheep were domesticated very early in cultivation, as early as 11,000 years ago. Sheep is a warm blooded animal and sheep have a unique quality among the domestic animals and are adoptable to a wide range of environmental conditions. Many state governments have classified agricultural farms into marginal, small, medium and large based on land ownership. This classification however doesn’t take into consideration the ownership of livestock. Advantages of Goat & Sheep Farming • The goat/sheep is a multi purpose animal producing meat, milk, hide, fibre and manure. In hilly areas, goats are also used for hauling light loads. • Goat/sheep farming can be a profitable occupation for a farmer and can fit well into mixed farming. • Goats/sheeps are cheaper to maintain, easily available and have a friendly disposition. • Goats/sheeps are more tolerant to hot climate than other farm animals. • Goats /sheep give more production per unit of investment. • Goat/sheep hide is used for the manufacture of leather products. • Goat hairs are used for the manufacture of rugs and ropes. • Pashmina shawls, Mohair and Kashmere carpets are in great demand and are sold at very high prices. • Goat/sheep manure is 2.5 times richer in nitrogen and phosphoric acid than cow manure. ? Market Potential India and China possess the largest goat population, each of these having more than 120 million goats. Small ruminants are major contributors of animal proteins for human consumption in India. Current availability of animal proteins (10.8 gm/day/capita) is just half of the daily requirement of (20 gm/day /capita and it is targeted to achieve this by the year 2020. Meat production (including fish and poultry) will have to grow by 5.8% per year to fulfill this requirement. Wool is a freely traded international commodity, subject to global supply and demand. While wool represents only 3% of world fiber production, it is important to the economy and way of life in many countries. The Small Ruminants sector will therefore, play a significant role in the coming decade in impacting on the livelihoods of small and marginal farmers rearing them.
Plant capacity: Goats: 500 Male & 500 Female Sheep: 500 Male & 500 Female Plant & machinery: 11 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 209 Lakh
Return: 45.00%Break even: 34.00%
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POULTRY & BROILER FARMING - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Poultry and poultry products constitutes an important component of human diet in most of the countries of the world. This consumption is also increasing at a rapid rate due to low fat content, easy availability & cost effectiveness. The poultry industry has evolved into a streamlined system of industrial mass production. Poultry is an important farm species in almost all countries. It is an important source of animal protein. Poultry is the least cost alternative only next to fish & produces more of animal protein from the same amount of feed compared to milch cow, sheep, Goat & Pig. Two eggs provide 160 calories of energy and more than 20% of the daily requirement of proteins, Vit A, D & B12, Riboflabin, folic acid, Panthothenic acid, Phosphorus, Iodine along with fat. Poultry farming require less area with high return than any other animal husbandry and agriculture activities. Poultry farming involves high grade sophisticated technology with higher profitability for which younger generation prefer this activity as their occupation than any other agriculture & allied activities. • By breeding new birds are produced. • In poultry farm broilers and layers are grown up, which are used for meat purpose and layers for production of egg purpose. • Eggs are used for breeding of new birds or it is used for the domestic eating purpose or commercial processing purpose. • Broilers are used for meat processing industry. The poultry meat and egg production over many decades have shown positive growth in the overall performances of the livestock sector. Poultry farming business is one of the most promising sources of additional income. Besides, this poultry and broiler farming has a number of advantages: • It produces much needed protein, food, it serves as a source of income and employment to many and it has good returns. • Most breeders rear broilers to be ready for sale during festivals when demand of profit is high. A layer of mature age generally lays 250 300 eggs. These eggs provide high quality protein to the house hold. • In addition to eggs and meat poultry provide manure that is of great value on the farm. It has been observed that nearly 40 hens or deep litter yields about 1000 kg of manure per year. Poultry industry has made tremendous progress through improvement in genetics, management and nutrition, for obtaining maximum growth in broilers and egg production in layers. However still due to one reason or the other, the farmers in the field are not able to achieve the optimum level of growth in broilers and egg production in layers, as per hatchery norms.
Plant capacity: 1390 Nos/day Plant & machinery: 18 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 3037 lakh
Return: 30.71%Break even: 35.14%
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EMU Birds (FARMING, BREEDING & MEAT PRODUCTION) - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

EMU (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus) birds belong to ratite group have high economic value for their meat, eggs, oil, skin and feathers. These birds are adoptable to varied climatic conditions. Although emu and ostrich were introduced in India, emu farming has gained much importance. Emu and ostrich features, management of these birds during chick, growing, fattening, breeding and non-breeding stages were covered. Care and hatching of eggs, nutrient requirements, healthcare and products of emu and ostrich were also covered. Economics of emu rearing with reference to the cost of maintaining breeders cost of production of eggs and chick are covered. Features of EMU: Emu has long neck, relatively small naked head, three toes and body covered with feathers. Birds initially have longitudinal stripes on body (0-3 months age) then gradually turn to brown by 4 to12 months age. Mature birds have bare blue neck and mottled body feathers. Adult bird height is about 6 feet with a weight of 45 to 60 kg. There are no definite emu breeds but are captive bred. Legs are long covered with scaly skin adoptable to hardy and dry soil. Birds sit on their haunch and also walk frequently along the fence. Natural food of emu is on insects, tender leaves of plant and forages on different grasses, eats different kinds of vegetables and fruits like carrot, cucumber, papaya etc. Air sac hangs down loosely in females and is prominent during breeding season gives booming sound where as males do grunting sound. Often sex of the bird can be identified by these sounds during breeding season. Female is the larger of the two especially during breeding season when the male may fast. The female is the dominant member of the pair. The male emu sits on the nest. Emus live for about 30 years may produce eggs for more than 16 years. Birds can be maintained as flock or pair. The birds require fencing made of link chain of 2 x 4 inches with a height of 6 feet for adults. Sexes can be identified by tattooing on the skin of shank or by placing microchip under the skin. Market Survey: Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus) are reared commercially in many parts of the world for their meat, oil, skin and feathers, which are of high economic value. The anatomical and physiological features of these birds appear to be suitable for temperate and tropical climatic conditions. These birds can be well maintained on extensive (ranches) and semi intensive rearing systems with reasonably high fibrous diets. United State, Australia and China are leading in emu and of America ostrich farming. Emu and ostrich were introduced recently into India. Compared to ostrich, emu rearing is picking up. At present there are more than 10000 emus and only small numbers of ostrich are available in India. Emu birds are well adapted to Indian climatic conditions. Although emu farming is economical so far none of the farmers have entered in to the marketing of emu products. Commercial aspects of rearing emu has picked up in India in a big way as it promises a long-term return as compared to the initial investment. Emu bird farming is basically just like poultry. The way we look after poultry, cattle farming or goat farming, it is a similar kind of farming which is flourishing in India.
Plant capacity: 2 Lakh Pairs/AnnumPlant & machinery: 49 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 617 Lakhs
Return: 45.45%Break even: 34.74%
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Quail Farming - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Cost of Project

The quail is a small bird that inhabits woodland and forest areas around the world. There are thought to be more than 15 different species of quail, with each species of quail being found in different parts of the world and all have slightly different appearances depending on how they have adapted to their environment. Although the quail is very small sized bird, the quail belongs to the same bird family as pheasants. Quails range in size depending on the species from the Japanese quail which is around 10 cm tall to the larger mountain quail that can grow up to 25 cm tall. Quails are generally solitary birds and spend most of their time either on their own or in a pair with just one other quail. During the mating season it is common to see large flocks of quails as family groups convoy together in groups of up to 100 quail individuals. Quails do not tend to migrate and therefore spend their lives within the same area. In some parts of the world, quails are kept as poultry birds both for the small amount of meat that they contain and for the quail's brightly coloured eggs. These tiny coloured eggs are seen as a delicacy in some parts of the world and can often be found on menus in posh restaurants. Quail eggs are renowned for being rich in vitamins, essential amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids and phospholipids, which are vital for human physical and mental development. Quail eggs can be included in the diets of children, pregnant mothers and geriatric and convalescent patients. Coturnix eggs are characterized by a variety of colour patterns. They range from snow white to completely brown. More commonly they are tan and dark brown speckled or mottled brown with a chalky blue covering. The average egg from mature female weighs about 10 gram (1/3 ounce), about 8 percent of the body weight of quail hen as compared to 3 percent for chicken eggs. The egg of Japanese quail contains 158 Cal. of energy, 74.6% water, 13.1% protein, 11.2% fat, and 1.1% total ash. The mineral content includes 0.59 mg calcium, 220 mg phosphorus and 3.8 mg iron. The vitamin content is 300 IU of vitamin A, 0.12 mg of vitamin B1, 0.85 mg of vitamin B2 and 0.10 mg nicotinic acid. Advantages of Quail Farming: Quail is a fast growing bird with short generation interval. A broiler quail can be sold at 5 weeks as against 8 weeks in broiler chicken. Quail start producing eggs at about 6 weeks of age and continue to give high egg production upto 24 weeks of age. The meat is considered as a delicacy and can be used as ready to cook meat, pickled meat and tandoori quail. The egg size is about 10 gm, and it can be used as boiled egg or egg pickle. This bird requires minimum floor space, needs low investment, quails are comparatively sturdy birds, can be marketed at an early age i.e. five weeks, early sexual maturity - starts laying eggs in about six to seven weeks of age, high rate of egg laying -280 eggs per year. Quail meat is tastier than chicken and has less fat content. It promotes body and brain development in children. Nutritionally, the quail eggs are on par with that of chicken eggs. Moreover, they contain less cholesterol. Quail meat and eggs are a nutritious diet for pregnant and nursing mothers. Quail is the pilot bird for research and education. Quail manure has high fertilizer value and can be used for increasing yield of crops. This species can be reared at interior places as it does not require vaccination and relatively low medication required. Scope of Quail Farming in India: Quail farming is an inexpensive alternative to chicken farming. There is high demand for quail meat and has a great market potential in hotels, restaurants, dhabas, industrial canteens, flight kitchens, supermarkets etc. Government of India is encouraging entrepreneurs to start Japanese quail farm and is trying to create infrastructural facilities to assist the entrepreneurs. However, a government license is required to sell Japanese quail. The Ministry of Environment & Forests delegated the power to grant license to the Dept. of Animal Husbandry. So far, more than 500 licenses for quail farming, trading, catering & hatching have been issued in the Maharashtra state alone. Central Avian Research Institute (CARI) at Izatnagar, UP; INDIA is keen to propagate quails for commercial use & have shown willingness to supply hatching eggs to aspiring entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: 11 Flocks per year (@40,000 Birds per Flock)Plant & machinery: 4.5 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 34 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: N/A
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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