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Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

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MONO ETHYLENE GLYCOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Mono ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, and slightly viscous liquid, more hygroscopic than glycerol and miscible with water in all proportions. This grade is used as an intermediate for the manufacture of polyester resins and fibers. Ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol) in its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid with a sweet taste. Product characteristics Appearance: Clear colorless liquid Chemical Formulae: C2H6O2 Purity: 99.8% min Molecular weight: 62.07 Applications Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) can be used for applications that require chemical intermediates for resins, solvent couplers, freezing point depression, solvents, humectants and chemical intermediates. These applications are vital to the manufacture of a wide range of products, including resins; deicing fluids; heat transfer fluids; automotive antifreeze and coolants; water-based adhesives, latex paints and asphalt emulsions; electrolytic capacitors; textile fibers; paper and leather. Ethylene Glycol is the most common antifreeze fluid for standard heating and cooling applications. Ethylene glycol is also used in the manufacture of some vaccines, but it is not itself present in these injections. It is used as a minor (1–2%) ingredient in shoe polish and also in some inks and dye. Production of Ethylene Glycol Ethylene glycol is produced from ethylene, via the intermediate ethylene oxide Ethylene oxide reacts with water to produce ethylene glycol according to the chemical equation C2H4O + H2O ? HOCH2CH2OH This reaction can be catalyzed by either acids or bases, or can occur at neutral pH under elevated temperatures. The highest yields of ethylene glycol occur at acidic or neutral pH with a large excess of water. Under these conditions, ethylene glycol yields of 90% can be achieved. The major byproducts are the ethylene glycol oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol. Market scenario The demand for mono ethylene glycol is largely driven by the polyester products like polyester staple fibre, polyester fibre yarn, polyethylene terephthalate and polyester chips. The growth oriented application sector is polyester resins, which in turn is used in coating, ink and PU systems. Small quantity is used in the production of explosives (low freezing dynamite). AAGR in demand for monoethylene glycol through 2017 is 7%. Indian demand of monoethylene glycol is estimated to be 1.05 million metric tonnes. Global demand for mono ethylene glycol increased 12.1% in 2010 to about 19.5 million metric tonne and it is forecast to grow about 5.4% per year through 2015.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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POLYLACTIC ACID - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Product Profile Poly (lactic acid) or polylactide (PLA) is thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States), tapioca products (roots, chips or starch mostly in Asia) or sugarcanes (in the rest of world). It can biodegrade under certain conditions, such as the presence of oxygen, and is difficult to recycle. PLA is considered both as biodegradable (e.g. adapted for short-term packaging) and as biocompatible in contact with living tissues (e.g. for biomedical applications such as implants, sutures, drug encapsulation, etc.). Product characteristics PLA has reasonably good optical, physical, mechanical, and barrier properties compared to existing petroleum­based polymers. The permeability coefficients of CO2, O2, N2 and H2O for PLA are lower than for polystyrene (PS), but higher than poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), The barrier properties of PLA against organic permeants such as ethylacetate and d­limonene, are comparable to PET. Un-oriented PLA is quite brittle, but possesses good strength and stiffness, oriented PLA provides better performance than oriented PS, but comparable to PET compared to high density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP) and PS. Tensile and flexural moduli of PLA are higher. Applications PLA is currently used in a number of biomedical applications, such as sutures, stents, dialysis media and drug delivery devices. The total degradation time of PLA is a few years. It is also being evaluated as a material for tissue engineering. PLA is a sustainable alternative to petrochemical-derived products, since the lactides from which it is ultimately produced can be derived from the fermentation of agricultural by-products such as corn starch or other carbohydrate-rich substances like maize, sugar or wheat. Being biodegradable, PLA can be employed in the preparation of bioplastic and is useful for production of the Loose-fill packaging, drinking cups, salad cups, overwrap compost bags, food packaging, food trays, lunch boxes, packaging for instant foods, trash bags, plastic bags for shopping, lamination films and blister packages. Market scenario Due to increasing awareness for the usage of recyclable packaging and the entry of multinational retail enterprises, the demand would grow for PLA based plastics in India. Global lactic acid & polylactic acid (PLA) market is growing at a CAGR of 18.7% and is expected to reach US$3831.3 mln by 2016. The global Poly Lactic Acid market was estimated to be worth US$1194 mln in 2010. Packaging is the largest application market for PLA, accounting for 60% of the overall market in 2010. Europe and North America are the biggest markets for PLA; whereas Asia-Pacific is one of the fastest growing markets. Present global installed capacity is 148,200 metric tonnes per annum.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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PRECIPITATED SILICA - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Precipitated silica is silica produced by precipitation. Precipitated Silica is a versatile inorganic chemical which is used for reinforcement of rubbers and plastics, thickening and thixotropy of coating and paints, printing inks and cosmetics, antiblocking of plastic foils, free running and free flow of sticky solid and liquid substances, carrier for pesticides, insecticides, high temperature insulation, stabilizing of beer and silicon rubber. It imparts good finish, strength and balances at the required physico- chemical properties of the products. Product characteristics Appearance : White free flowing powder or lumps Water absorption value: 250% minimum Oil absorption value : 225% min. Moisture at 1100 C : 5-7 % Silica content SiO2: 88-90% Applications Precipitated silica is useful to enhance bond strength and as a reinforcing and thickening agent. Silica provides thixotropy, reinforcement and promotes adhesion as well as serves as extenders; therefore it raises quality and lowers cost. Silica prevents resin separation and the settling of pigments and heavy fillers. Precipitated silica has industrial applications in rubberized foot wear, paint, dyes, printing ink, and plastic products. Precipitated Silica is used to improve the tear strength due to its small particle size and complex aggregate structure. Precipitated Silica is used to improve pigment dispersion and acts as a parting agent and as absorbent to improve the flow and imparts a dry feel to the compound. Precipitated Silica is used in Railway Pads because it provides increased abrasion resistance and strength. In industrial rubber, precipitated silica confers superior strength and durability on industrial Rubber Belts and Rubber Hoses together with improved heat resistance and tear strength. Production Process The production of precipitated silica starts with the reaction of an alkaline silicate solution with a mineral acid. Sulfuric acid and sodium silicate solutions are added simultaneously with agitation to water. Precipitation is carried out under alkaline conditions. The choice of agitation, duration of precipitation, the addition rate of reactants, their temperature and concentration, and pH can vary the properties of the silica. The formation of a gel stage is avoided by stirring at elevated temperatures. The resulting white precipitate is filtered, washed and dried in the manufacturing process. Na2(SiO2)3.3(aq) + H2SO4(aq) ? 3.3 SiO2(s) + Na2SO4(aq) Market scenario The present demand for precipitated silica is estimated at 166.83 tonnes per annum. The demand is expected to reach at 402.03 tonnes by the year 2020. Precipitated silica is manufactured in India both in medium and small scale sector. Indian production is around 70,000 tonnes per annum.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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CRESOLS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile: Cresols are organic compounds which are methylphenols. They are a widely occurring natural and manufactured group of aromatic organic compounds which are categorized as phenols (sometimes called phenolics). Depending on the temperature, cresols can be solid or liquid because they have melting points not far from room temperature. Like other types of phenols, they are slowly oxidized by long exposure to air and the impurities often give cresols a yellowish to brownish red tint. Cresols have an odour characteristic to that of other simple phenols, reminiscent to some of a "coal tar" smell. Properties Molecular formula: C7H8O Common name o-cresol m-cresol p-cresol Systematic name 2-methylphenol 3-methylphenol 4-methylphenol CAS number [95-48-7] [108-39-4] [106-44-5] Appearance in colorless crystals thicker liquid greasy- Room Temperature And Pressure Density and phase 1.05 g/cm3, solid 1.03 g/cm3, liquid 1.02 g/cm3, liquid Applications Cresols are used to dissolve other chemicals, as disinfectants and deodorizers, and to make specific chemicals that kill insect pests. Cresol solutions are used as household cleaners and disinfectants, perhaps most famously under the trade name Lysol. Cresol solutions can also be found in photographic developers. In the past, cresol solutions have been used as antiseptics in surgery, but they have been largely displaced in this role by less toxic compounds. Cresols are found in many foods and in wood and tobacco smoke, crude oil, coal tar, and in brown mixtures such as creosote, cresolene and cresylic acids, which are wood preservatives. Small organisms in soil and water produce cresols when they break down materials in the environment. Xylenols are dimethylphenols, or they can be thought of as methylcresols. Market Scenario Individual cresol and xylenol isomers are used in numerous applications, including resins (such as PPE from 2,6-xylenol and novolacs from o-cresol), polymerization inhibitors, fragrance chemicals, antioxidants, cleaners, additives, agrochemicals, phosphates and colouring materials. Cresylic acids are used mainly as a solvent for wire enamels; other uses include frothing agents and use in the mining industry. Markets for some products in the United States have declined because of environmental concerns and/or relocation of production from the United States to other countries. The largest part of cresols are used as intermediates in chemical processes for the production of e.g. antioxidants, arylphosphates, synthetic Vitamin E and pesticides. m/p-Cresol isomeric mixture is used as a process solvent for the production of wire enamels.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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NYLON 12 - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Nylon 12 is a semi crystalline, white engineering thermoplastic with growing demand particularly in automobile sector. Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers known generically as polyamides. Nylons are condensation copolymers formed by reacting equal parts of a diamine and a dicarboxylic acid, so that amides are formed at both ends of each monomer in a process analogous to polypeptide biopolymers. Chemical elements included are carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen. The numerical suffix specifies the numbers of carbons donated by the monomers; the diamine first and the diacid second. • Nylon 12 granules are used for deflashing of moulded rubber parts at cryogenic temperature. • The automotive industry uses nylon 12 tubing for fuel, air brake and other lines. • Fuel resistant quick connectors, bearings for windshield arms and parts for window lifts are moulded from glass reinforced nylon 12. • Precision mouldings for engineering uses and pump parts are major areas of applications of nylon 12.. • Plasticized nylon 12 are used for noise and vibration damping, for example in gears and seals. • Grades of varying flexibility are used to make shoe soles. They are used in sports gear such as ski boots, shuttlecocks for badminton or parts of tennis racquets, straps for wristwatches etc. Nylon 12 grades are processed by virtually all techniques that can be used for other thermoplastics. This includes powder coating, rotational moulding and monomer casting. as well as injection moulding and extrusion. Melt temperatures are between 180-280 deg. C. When overheated, nylon 12 may form obnoxious vapours. Nylon 12 is a resin essential for the manufacture of coatings and connector applications for braking systems and fuel handling in the automotive industry. Strong demand for nylon 12 exists in a range of applications, such as solar panel encapsulation and backplate structures. Considering the high growth of automotive sector and solar power industry in India, there is strong case for capacity creation for nylon 12 in India.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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BUTYL RUBBER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Butyl rubber is a synthetic rubber, a copolymer of isobutylene with isoprene. The abbreviation IIR stands for Isobutylene Isoprene Rubber. Polyisobutylene, also known as "PIB" or polyisobutene, (C4H8)n, is the homopolymer of isobutylene, or 2 methyl 1 propene, on which butyl rubber is based. Butyl rubber is produced by polymerization of about 98% of isobutylene with about 2% of isoprene. Structurally, polyisobutylene resembles polypropylene, having two methyl groups substituted on every other carbon atom. Polyisobutylene is a colorless to light yellow viscoelastic material. It is generally odorless and tasteless, though it may exhibit a slight characteristic odor. Fuel and Lubricant Additive: • Polyisobutylene added in small amounts to the lubricating oils used in machining results in a significant reduction in the generation of oil mist and thus reduces the operator's inhalation of oil mist. • As a fuel additive, polyisobutylene has detergent properties. When added to diesel fuel, it resists fouling of fuel injectors, leading to reduced hydrocarbon and particulate emissions. • Polyisobutylene is used in some formulations as a thickening agent. Butyl rubber is used for the bladders in basketballs, footballs, soccer balls and other inflatable balls to provide a tough, airtight inner compartment. • Butyl rubber sealant is used for rubber roof repair and for maintenance of roof membranes (especially around the edges). • Polyester fabric laminated to butyl rubber binder provides a single sided waterproof tape that can be used on metal, PVC, and cement joints. It is ideal for repairing and waterproofing metal roofs. Butyl rubber is one of the most robust elastomers when subjected to chemical warfare agents and decontamination materials. It is a harder and less porous material than other elastomers, such as natural rubber or silicone, but still has enough elasticity to form an airtight seal Many varieties of chewing gum utilize food grade butyl rubber as the central gum base. Global demand for butyl rubber will likely rise 3.0% 3.5% annually over the next few years. Butyl rubber, a form of synthetic rubber or elastomer, is a copolymer of isobutylene and isoprene and has superlative impermeability and good flex properties. The primary application usage of butyl rubber is inner tyre tubes, which is an integral market segment even today. However, butyl rubber is prominently deployed in the manufacture of adhesives, agricultural chemicals, fibre optic compounds, ball bladders, cling films, electrical fluids, lubricants, paper and pulps and personal care products. The tire industry consumes around 85 percent of the world's supply of butyl rubber. Global demand is dominated by halogenated butyl rubber. Global installed capacity for butyl rubber / halo butyl rubber one million metric tonnes per annum.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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CUSTOMIZED FERTILIZER (For Higher Crop Productivity) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Production Schedule

Fertilizer is an essential key input for production and productivity of crops. Fertilizer alone contributes towards 55% of additional food production. Since there is no scope for extending the cultivable area, more productivity per unit area is the only option and fertilizer is the main cart puller. Custom mixed fertilizer is a mixed fertilizer formulated according to individual specifications furnished by the consumer before mixing. Some land needs much higher quantities of balanced fertilizer mixtures in granulated form, for soil application; water soluble form for drip irrigation, mini sprinkler and foliar spray systems. Customized fertilizer may also be defined as multi-nutrient carrier which contains macro and/or micronutrient, whose sources are from inorganic or organic, which are manufactured through systemic process of granulation and satisfies crop’s nutritional demand, specific to area, soil and growth stage of plant. Customized Fertilizers are enriched with both macro and micro nutrients and are manufactured through a systemic process of granulation with stringent quality checks. APPLICATION The objective behind the customized fertilizer is to provide site specific nutrient management for achieving maximum fertilizer use efficiency for the applied nutrient in a cost effective manner. The customized fertilizer may be combination of nutrients, secondary nutrients and micronutrients. Customised Fertilizers are combination of micro nutrients like sulphur, zinc, boron added to the key items such as urea and diammonium phosphate (DAP) and potash, in a proportion that suits specific crops and soil patterns. A fertilizer formulated according to specifications that are furnished by/for a consumer prior to mixing, usually based on the results of soil tests. Customized fertilizers are depends on soil, crop, water and specific nutrients. Customised fertiliser manufacture basically involves mixing and crushing of urea, DAP, MOP, ZnS, bentonite sulphur and boron granules for obtaining the desired proportion of N, P, K, S and micronutrients. The mixture is subjected to steam injection, drying, sieving and cooling, so as to get a uniform product with every grain having the same nutrient composition. The sharp rise in fertilizer prices emphasizes the need for more research to improve the efficiency of fertilizer use. Corporate social obligation to continue to help farmers in India, get higher yields with less fertilizer i.e. by Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) as a tool to improve the efficiency of fertilizer for increased profitability of small holder farmers of India. CONVERTING ENERGY TO FOOD SECURITY Although the production of fertilizer is energy intensive, the benefits of using energy to enhance food security through fertilizer manufacture and use are enormous. Every 1 million Btu of energy use in the fertilizers sector produces an additional 218 kg of grain – enough to provide the minimum calorific intake for one person for a year. Thus, converting energy into food security through fertilizer (customized fertilizer) & associated inputs is probably the worlds (more so for India) most cost effective & human alternative for use of energy resources. By 2020, energy used for fertilizer production & distributions is projected to increase to 8494 trillion Btu. But even then, energy consumed in the fertilizer sector will remain less than 2% of global energy consumption - far less than what people will use driving personal ears. BENEFITS • Customized fertilizers is use of the Fertilizers Best Management Practices & are generally assumed to maximize crop yields while minimizing unwanted impacts on the environment & human health. • Fertilizer Best Management Practices will make it “easier “ in “future” for farmers, extension agents, crop advisers & researchers to exchange their experiences and also to restrict the unwanted nutrient impact on the ecosystem. • Application of customized fertilizer is compatible with existing farmers system & hence it will be comfortably accepted by the farmers. • Production of customized fertilizers will ensure improved ‘Fertilizer Use Efficiency’ & creating a new “Virtual” source of nutrients – implying from the existing quantity of DAP, MOP, Urea, SSP & A.S available & consumed in India, the agricultural produce output will increase, simultaneously the distribution & availability of fertilizer will be better. All this is achievable keeping the subsidy allocation constant. • Customized fertilizer satisfies crop’s nutritional demand, specific to area, soil, and growth stage of plant. • As the micronutrients are also added with the granulated NPK fertilizer the plants can absorb the micronutrient along with macronutrient which prevents nutrient deficiency in plant. • Mixed fertilizers with micronutrients provide recommended micronutrient rates for the agricultural field at the usual fertilizer application. • The farmer need not buy micronutrient separately at extra cost, thus reducing the total cost. It is found that incorporation of micronutrient with granular fertilizer at the time of manufacturing results in uniform distribution of micronutrient throughout granular NPK fertilizer. This is because micronutrient source is in contact with the mixed fertilizer under the condition of high moisture and temperature. Micronutrient with the mixed fertilizer is one of the most convenient methods of fertilizer application and helps in more uniform distribution of nutrient with conventional application equipments. It is a very unique method developed in agriculture industry and has tremendous scope for future.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Polypropylene (PP) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labelling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components, and polymer banknotes. An addition polymer made from the monomer propylene, it is rugged and unusually resistant to many chemical solvents, bases and acids. Properties: Most commercial polypropylene is isotactic and has an intermediate level of crystallinity between that of low density polyethylene (LDPE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Polypropylene is normally tough and flexible, especially when copolymerized with ethylene. This allows polypropylene to be used as an engineering plastic, competing with materials such as ABS. Polypropylene is reasonably economical, and can be made translucent when uncolored but is not as readily made transparent as polystyrene, acrylic, or certain other plastics. It is often opaque or colored using pigments. Polypropylene has good resistance to fatigue. • Perfectly isotactic PP: Melting Point : 171 °C (340 °F). • Commercial isotactic PP :melting point : 160 to 166 °C (320 to 331 °F), • Syndiotactic PP : crystallinity of: 30% has a melting point of 130 °C (266 °F). There are three general types of polypropylene: homopolymer, random copolymer, and block copolymer. The co monomer is typically used with ethylene. Ethylene-propylene rubber or EPDM added to polypropylene homopolymer increases its low temperature impact strength. Randomly polymerized ethylene monomer added to polypropylene homopolymer decreases the polymer crystallinity and makes the polymer more transparent. Application: Polypropylene is used in many different settings, both in industry and in consumer goods. It can be used both as a structural plastic and as a fiber. Polypropylene is used in the manufacturing piping systems; both ones concerned with high-purity and ones designed for strength and rigidity (e.g. those intended for use in potable plumbing, hydronic heating and cooling, and reclaimed water). This material is often chosen for its resistance to corrosion and chemical leaching, its resilience against most forms of physical damage, including impact and freezing, its environmental benefits, and its ability to be joined by heat fusion rather than gluing. Since polypropylene is resistant to fatigue, most plastic living hinges, such as those on flip top bottles, are made from this material. However, it is important to ensure that chain molecules are orientated across the hinge to maximise strength. Very thin sheets of polypropylene are used as a dielectric within certain high performance pulse and low loss RF capacitors. Many plastic items for medical or laboratory use can be made from polypropylene because it can withstand the heat in an autoclave. Its heat resistance also enables it to be used as the manufacturing material of consumer grade kettles. A common application for polypropylene is as biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP). These BOPP sheets are used to make a wide variety of materials including clear bags. Polypropylene, highly colorfast, is widely used in manufacturing carpets, rugs and mats to be used at home. Polypropylene is widely used in ropes. Polypropylene is also used as an alternative to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as insulation for electrical cables for LSZH cable in low-ventilation environments, primarily tunnels. Polypropylene is also used in particular roofing membranes as the waterproofing top layer of single-ply systems as opposed to modified-bit systems. Market Scenario: There is a growing demand for propylene in the world today. The demand is driven primarily by the high growth rate of polypropylene, which is the main end use segment of propylene. The bulk of the propylene supply comes from steam crackers followed by the Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) units in refineries. The supply of propylene from these processes is unable to meet the increasing demand. Most of the new steam cracker capacity is coming up with ethane feedstock, which produces little propylene and there is limited capacity expansion for FCC units. Thus, there is an increased dependability on purpose propylene technologies such as propane dehydrogenation, olefin metathesis and Methanol to Propylene (MTP) to meet the increased demand for propylene.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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ETHYLENE PROPYLENE RUBBER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) is an elastomer and has useful chemical and physical properties; it is resistant to heat, oxidation, ozone and the weather and it is also not susceptible to colour loss. Ethylene-propylene rubbers are valuable for their excellent resistance to heat, oxidation, ozone and weather aging due to their stable, saturated polymer backbone structure. Properly pigmented black and non-black compounds are color stable. As non polar elastomers, they have good electrical resistivity, as well as resistance to polar solvents, such as water, acids, alkalies, phosphate esters and many ketones and alcohols. Amorphous or low crystalline grades have excellent low temperature flexibility with glass transition points of about minus 60°C. Applications: Ethylene-propylene rubbers use the same chemical building blocks or monomers as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) thermoplastic polymers. These ethylene (C2) and propylene (C3) monomers are combined in a random manner to produce rubbery and stable polymers. A wide family of ethylene-propylene elastomers can be produced ranging from amorphous, non-crystalline to semi-crystalline structures depending on polymer composition and how the monomers are combined. Because ethylene-propylene rubber (EPR) features excellent resistance to ozone, aging, chemicals & steam, excellent electrical insulation properties and cheap and easily available monomers, it is used for automotive parts, waterproofing membranes, wire and cable sheathings, heat-resistant hoses, belts, car seals, lubricant additives and polyolefins modification. Market Scenario:Ethylene-propylene elastomers are one of the most versatile, fastest growing and interesting synthetic rubber polymers. Excellent resistance to heat, oxidation, ozone and weather aging are expected to provide continued value in demanding automotive, construction, and mechanical goods applications. Current and emerging advanced polymerization and catalyst technologies also provide the ability to design polymers to meet application and processing needs that are important to meeting the ever-increasing demands for product quality, uniformity and performance.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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ELECTROLYTIC MANGANESE DIOXIDE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

EMD is a complex composite of various crystals of manganese and oxygen that is produced through electro-winning. It is used primarily as the active constituent of alkaline batteries and increasingly as the feedstock for the cathodic material in lithium-ion batteries. The structure of EMD is highly disordered, but predominantly made up of the manganese dioxide crystal ramsdellite, depicted here, with the red balls signifying the oxygen atoms in the green manganese dioxide crystal lattice. Electrolytic manganese dioxide is a high purity product with molecular formula MnO2 that possesses the ‘recipe specific’ electrical characteristics desired by battery producers. Natural manganese dioxide (NMD) can be used in the Leclanche cells. But in alkaline, lithium and other batteries, synthetic managanese dioxide with higher purity is required. Electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) is used as a cathode mixture material for dry cell batteries, such as alkaline batteries, zinc-carbon batteries rechargeable alkaline batteries. Among the large variety of manganese dioxides, y-type managanese dioxide is extensively used, as y-variety compounds have high intercalation voltage. They have the ability to maintain high discharge rates, a good performance over a wide temperature range and have a long storage life. EMD is stable under normal temperature conditions. ELECTROLYTIC MAGNESIUM DIOXIDE NUCLEATION: Electrolytic manganese dioxide has been used worldwide in the manufacture of primary ZnMnO2 alkaline and Lechlanche type cells for decades. Their low cost and reliability impair their replacement by higher performance and secondary batteries. The performance of these batteries depends on the manufacture method of the manganese oxide due to the variation of the properties of the oxide with its crystallite size, density of lattice imperfections and extent of hydration. Sometimes the intercalation of lithium ions is carried out to improve performance characteristics of MnO2, for high energy density and high drain power application. Electrolytic manganese dioxide are doped with Bi, Pb and Ti ions is used for the manufacture of rechargeable alkaline manganese oxide cells. These ions are known to stabilize the MnO2 lattice towards dimensional changes that occur during charging and discharging cycles of the cells. The production of EMD is carried out through the electrolysis of hot MnSO4 and sulphuric acid solutions. Stainless steel or lead is the materials normally used as cathode, where hydrogen evolution takes place. Carbon, lead or titanium can be used as anode. Titanium anodes are preferred because the EMD is purer than that obtained with carbon and lead anodes. MARKET SCENARIO: As electric vehicles penetrate the auto market, EMD demand stands to benefit. The launch of electric cars and their expanding production is expected to increase demand for EMD for use in lithium-ion secondary batteries cathodes of the lithium manganese oxide and tertiary compound type. The highest potential growth segment for EMD is in large scale rechargeable batteries used in electric vehicles and electronics. At present, the rechargeable manganese battery segments account for less than 10% of total EMD demand. Alkaline batteries are a low growth end use, expected to track well below GDP growth rates over the forecast period. In small scale electronics, EMD use projected at historical growth rates of 4%. EMD is mostly used in alkaline and other small scale, consumer electronic batteries. World demand is estimated around 3,50,000 metric tonnes per annum in 2012 with growth rate in demand around 5%.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: --
Return: 1.00%Break even: 1.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

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