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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Nigeria, West Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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RADIAL TYRES (TIRE) FOR CARS & TRUCKS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

The Indian tyre industry has come of age with the manufacture of almost all types of tyres. The industry has an estimated turnover of close to Rs 100 bn. It is made up of 40 players with an installed capacity of 57.3 mn tyres. The industry claims a perceptible export market. The tyre industry in India has had a long history of over 75 years. Three major multinationals, Firestone, Goodyear and Dunlop, have been operating for a long time. Later came in CEAT. During the 1960s and 1970s the dominance of the MNCs was greatly diluted with the entry of Premier, Inchek and MRF. The Indian presence did not stop there. Several new Indian plants were set up, which included those of Modis, JKs, Raunaq Singh group's Apollo Tyres, TVS group and Vikrant. Firestone was acquired by Modis, Dunlop by Manu Chabbria group and CEAT by Duncans (later RPG group). Birla Tyres made a late comer's entry into the industry. There is a tremendous growth of automobile industry and a comprecedentally large number of multi famous brands of cars, trucks and other vehicles coming up. The demand of radial tyres for cars and trucks is increasing at a considerable face. Tyre varieties can be divided into two categories cross ply and radial. The domestic industry is dominated by cross ply tyres, due to the poor conditions of roads in the country and overloading of commercial vehicles (CVs). This is also the reason why penetration of radial tyres in the CV segment is negligible and finds presence only in the passenger car segment. Radial tyres can be differentiated on the type of belt used fiberglass, steel and nylon. Worldwide, steel belted radials are more popular due to their performance advantage. Tyres for car and truck are used in the appropriate vehicle for running the vehicle. As the vehicles have colossal scope, the scope of radial tyres for cars, trucks etc. are also very bright. While consumers pay a lot of attention to the automobile they are buying its engine, seating capacity, color, even the stereos and accessories little attention is paid to the tyres that carry the weight of the car and its occupants. Consumers will scour the market to find the cheapest tyre and finally may even settle for part-worn or reconditioned rubber. Cars on Indian roads are increasing by the minute and India is slated to have the maximum number of cars on the planet by 2050. With each new car, four new tyres will hit the roads will the tyre industry be able to address not just quality and performance issues. The industry is currently classified into two broader technology segments: the traditional cross-ply and technically-superior radial technology, especially in the passenger cars segment. The industry had fully absorbed the oldish bias technology. The industry still depends on foreign majors for radial technology but motivated by the export market it has been adopting it rapidly. JK Tyres pioneered the production of radial tyres in India, which was followed by Ceat, MRF, Dunlop and Apollo. The radial technology has, however, remained mainly confined to passenger car tyres. JK Tyres ventured into the tyres for fast moving mid-sized car segment with its Ultima XPS. It is pitted directly against Bridgestone, which claims a leadership in radials. Efforts are on to radialise the commercial vehicle tyres. The production process and testing requirements of a radial tyre are technologically superior to conventional tyres. Radials have not made any perceptible dent in the HCV market because of bad road conditions and high level of investment required for this type of tyres. The State Road Transport Corporations, being substantially large buyers of tyres, could be the target to go in for radials. Given the state of the financial performance of these government owned corporations, the use of radial tyres is likely to remain a distant realisation. Radial tyres cost 30% more but result in about 7% fuel saving and give almost double the mileage (80,000 kms). All cars launched by foreign auto majors come with radial tyres. However, some perceptible headway in radialisation of tyres in India is noticeable and its usage is estimated at 10% of HCVs, 12% of LCVs, 5% of jeeps and 58% of cars. It is expected that the demand of radial tyres will increase tremendously. New entrepreneurs can well venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Apollo Tyres Ltd. Balkrishna Industries Ltd. Bridgestone India Pvt. Ltd. Ceat Ltd. Dewan Tyres Ltd. Dunlop India Ltd. Eco Wheels Pvt. Ltd. Falcon Tyres Ltd. Goodyear India Ltd. Govind Rubber Ltd. J K Tyre & Inds. Ltd. Krypton Industries Ltd. M R F Ltd. Modi Rubber Ltd. Modi Tyres Co. Pvt. Ltd. Modistone Ltd. Monotona Tyres Ltd. Poddar Tyres Ltd. Raam Tyres Ltd. Rado Tyres Ltd. Ralson (India) Ltd. Ralson Industries Ltd. S Kumars Tyre Mfg. Co. Ltd. Suntec Tyres Ltd. T V S Srichakra Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Car Tyres, 200000 Truck TyresPlant & machinery: 717 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2117 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 67.00%
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SODIUM SILICATE FROM RICE HUSK - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Sodium Silicate is a colourless compound of oxides of sodium and silica. Sodium silicate is the generic name for a series of compounds derived from soluble sodium silicate glasses. They are water solutions of sodium oxide and silicon dioxide combined in various ratios. These are sold as 20% to 50% aqueous solutions called water glass. Rice husk is an alternative source for silica. Rice husk a major by-product of the rice milling industry, is one of the most commonly available lignocellulosic materials that can be converted to different types of fuels and chemical feedstock through a variety of thermo chemical conversion processes. Rice husk is an agricultural residue abundantly available in rice producing countries. The husk surrounds the paddy grain. Sodium silicate is an excellent adhesive for sealing fiberboard boxes because it sets quickly and firmly holds the flaps together. Sodium silicate solutions of widely varying ratios are used for making many kinds of cement, including types for acid-proof construction, refractory used, and binding thermal insulating materials. There are a number of outstanding advantages of sodium silicates as binders in the cement mixtures. These include resistance of the set cements to acid, to high temperature, and to water. The annual rice husk produce in India amounts is generally approximately 120 million tons. India is a major rice producing country and the husk generated during milling is mostly used as a fuel in the boilers for processing paddy, producing energy through direct combustion and/or by gasification. The different types of biomass used for gasification, rice husk has a high ash content varying from 18-20%. The demand of sodium silicate is increasing day by day. So, there is a good scope of enter into this field.
Plant capacity: 4500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 84 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 220 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 47.00%
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BUTYL RECLAIM RUBBER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Butyl Reclaim rubber is a reclaim rubber from butyl scraps. Around the world million tons of natural and synthetic rubber, butyl rubber are used for automobile tyres, tubes, industrial parts, foot wears, and other domestic goods production. In the consequent usage of such products for human comfort, transportation, and other activities, huge volume of spent waste are created, which results in the pollution of the environment. Within these categories of rubber wastes, used tyres, and auto-mobile inner tubes contributed to be the main ones. This waste is not out of question, and far from a solution. Re-cycling, reclaimation, or so-called regeneration of such rubber waste for re-application in further usage can play a special role in reducing pollution and keep the world green and clean. Devulcanization is a potential method of recycling waste tyre rubber. As its name implies, in the process of devulcanization, the structure of the vulcanized waste rubber is modified. The resulting material can be devulcanized or transformed into useful products. Most scrap tubes are generated by commercial truck tyres, heavy equipment tyres and farm tyres. From a collector’s perspective, tubes are generally found in relatively small amounts (several thousand pounds) and must be accumulated for transportation. There are many truck stops, commercial tyre dealers and agricultural tyre dealers who have 2,000 kilogram per month of tubes but are not willing to accumulate full loads. Butyl Reclaim rubber can be produced from scrap of whole tyres, tread peelings, tyre inner lining scraps, butyl tubes, molded rubber products for different applications in both, tyre and non tyre rubber products. Butyl Reclaim Rubber is a unique product recycled out of Scrap Butyl Rubber Tubes. The scrap Butyl tubes are pure Butyl and no other polymer content is present. Butyl Reclaim is a unique product with a minimum Tensile strength of 75 kg/cm. Highly refined butyl reclaim rubber is widely used in Truck Tyres, Tread Rubber and High quality Rubber molded Components. When reclaimed, butyl rubber retains much of its original properties and can be blended with virgin rubber to produce new inner tubes, inner liners for tyres and various types of tape. All these applications are very high tech products and the reclaim must meet stringent quality specifications for acceptance. There continues to be an excellent market for butyl reclaim. The demand for reclaimed arises from a complex situation of rubber market. Reclaim rubber accounts for about 11 to 12 per cent consumption of the total polymer off take of the industry. The consumption of Reclaim rubber which was just about 2000 tones in 1952-53 has increased to 91103 tones in 2001-02. On the basis of 7% growth rate, the estimated demand for reclaim rubber is likely to go up to about 188500 tonnes by 2010-11. So, there is a good scope of enter into this field.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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GLASS SHEET - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Glass is one of man's most valuable and versatile materials. About 700 different compositions are in thousands use. These are fabricated into tens of thousands of different articles that have combinations of properties for about a thousand essentially different uses. Glass is formed from those elements such as silicon, boron, phosphorous and arsenic that can be converted into glass when combined with oxygen, sulphur, tellurium or selenium. Common glasses contain about 70% SiO2. Sodium carbonate or soda ash decomposes, to sodium oxides as the batch of raw material melts. Consequently it acts as a flux. The carbon dioxide given off helps to stir the batch, and the oxide lowers the melting point. Limestone and dolomite act similarly as soda ash, but are used to make the glass more inert to water and to add other desirable properties. Other oxides, chiefly aluminium led, and cadmium act as stabilizers, increasing the strength of the glass and increasing resistance to chemical attack. Sodium and barium sulphate may be added to enhance the removal of fine particles of uncombined silica which may form a scum. Soda lime glass is the most commonly glass, stabilizing oxides are added to decrease the solubility of the sodium silicates. This allows the production of chemically durable glasses. Calcium oxide is a cheap and effective stabilizer. Most glass bottle; window glasses and lamp bulbs are made from soda lime glasses. The term float glass pertains to all glasses produced in a flat form, regardless of the method of manufacture. Over one third of flat glass produced in Germany is not used in its original form, but finished into other products such as automotive safety glass mirrors. By far the greatest amount of flat glass consists of soda lime glass. The main user segments of float glass are the automobiles and construction industries. The demand for float glass is, therefore, very much correlated to the growth in these industries. It is well known fact all over the world that the best quality glass can be produced with the help of the float glass technology. There are no waves and distortion in the sheet glass manufacturing with the help of float glass technology, is the final product is free of all defects. So far in our country sheet glass is being manufactured with the help of four coult and PPG (pits burgh process) glass technologies. More or less the waves and distortions invariably remain in the sheet glass manufactured with the help of these technologies. The glass industry represents a number of definable product segments. These are flat glass including float glass, glass containers and hollowware, vacuum glass, domestic and industrial glassware, crystal glass, fiberglass, glass wool, TV picture tube glass shells, and laboratory glass. Most of the glass products have both industrial and consumer usages. Laboratory glass is a minor constituent. So are fiberglass and glass wool. Although the industry is growing at 12% per annum, it is not enough to keep it afloat. Per capita consumption of glass in India is only 0.4 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 Kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The two main entrants in the glass industry in the recent years have been float glass (by 25%) than normal sheet glass. It also has a much higher degree of optical clarity. Other varieties include figured and wired glass. Apart from a very large number of small players in the glass industry, there are some 76 large and medium-sized producers. Of these, 44 produce containers and hollowware with a capacity of 1.5 million tones and registered a production of 1.35 million tonnes. Market for flat glass has always been driven by the demand for building glass and automotive glass, which in turn depend on economic growth. With the economy showing signs of revival, demand for glass will once again be back in double digits in the coming years. Thus, this sector has a good market and export potential for new entrants. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Asahi India Glass Ltd. Gujarat Guardian Ltd. Hindusthan National Glass & Inds. Ltd. I A G Co. Ltd. Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd. Triveni Glass Ltd.
Plant capacity: 4500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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PARTICLE BOARD FROM RICE HUSK - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Rice hulls (or rice husks) are the hard protecting coverings of grains of rice. Construction industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in India. Rapid construction activity and growing demand of houses has lead to the short fall of traditional building materials. Bricks, Cement, sand, and wood are now becoming scares materials. Wood or wood based composite boards with lightweight & high strength are still a preferred option for construction due to their reasonable costs. The growing shortage of wood has led to the development of suitable alternative materials. Rice husk particle board is one such material which is being considered as a potential substitute for wood & wood based boards. Agricultural waste or residue is made up of organic compounds from organic sources such as rice straw, oil palm empty fruit bunch, sugar cane bagasse, coconut shell, and others. Rice husk from paddy (Oryza sativa) is one example of alternative material that can be potentially used for making particle board. Rice husk is unusually high in ash, which is 92 to 95% silica, highly porous and lightweight, with a very high external surface area. Its absorbent and insulating properties are useful to many industrial applications, such as acting as a strengthening agent in building materials. Rice husks are processed into rectangular shaped particle boards. Most particle boards produced is in the intermediate density range from 0.40 to 0.80 g/cm3, low density boards in the range from 025 to 0.40 g/cm3 are insulating type whereas high density boards in the range from 0.80 to 1.20 g/cm3 are called hard board type. Industry size estimated at Rs. 1,000 Crores, about 0.49 mln. m3 90 % Pre laminated, 10% plain 60% Cheaper than Plywood Industry growing at around 20 %, 50% imported, Dominated by organized sector, Highly profitable from agro based raw materials. The Indian market for particleboard and plywood is estimated in value terms, at over Rs 17 billion. Of the total market, particleboard accounts for over 30% of the market with the rest over 70% accounted by plywood segments. Particle boards are slowly gaining acceptance as a substitute for other board materials such as plywood and block boards and even for sawn timber whenever it is competitive in price. This trend is accepted to strengthen further in the coming years as the availability of plywood, blackboards and timber is declining and their prices are showing an upward trend. As the pressure on the limited forest resources increases there would be a greater need to manufacture reconstituted wood boards such as particle boards which is normally manufactured from forest management wastes whereas sawn timber and plywood and block boards require prime quality logs. As in many emerging markets, India is experiencing a rapid phase of urbanization with a change in lifestyles, a growing demand for engineered wood and agro based panel products, and a high infrastructure, industry sources expect positive growth for wood and agro based products such as plywood, particleboard, medium density fiberboard, oriented-strand board and laminated veneer lumber in near future. So, there is a good scope of the product in the near future.
Plant capacity: 1500000 Pcs. /Annum, Size of Board 6Plant & machinery: 110 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 733 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 32.00%
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BRAKE FLUID - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Brake fluid is one of the most important components in a braking system. It is a type of hydraulic fluid used in brake applications in motorcycles, automobiles and light trucks. It is used to transfer force under pressure from where it is created through hydraulic lines to the braking mechanism near the wheels. It works because liquids are not appreciably compressible. Braking applications produce a lot of heat so brake fluid must have a high boiling point to remain effective and must also not freeze under normal temperatures. These requirements eliminate most water-based solutions. The quality and safety of a brake fluid is defined by its boiling point. Brake fluid can come in a number of forms, standardized under the DOT (Department of Transportation) standard. DOT 2 is essentially castor oil; DOT 3, DOT 4, and DOT 5.1 are composed of various mineral oils, glycol esters and ethers; and DOT 5 is silicone-based. Most cars used in the US use DOT 3. DOT 3 is one of several designations of brake fluid denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point. DOT 3 like DOT 4 is a polyethylene glycol based fluid. Fluids such as DOT 3 are hygroscopic and will absorb water from the atmosphere. This degrades the performance of the fluid by drastically reducing its boiling point. In a passenger car this is not much of an issue, but can be of serious concerns in race cars or motorcycles. DOT 4 is one of several designations of brake fluid denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point. The glycol brake fluids are in good demand and many manufacturers compete in a large market. Different mixes would be used depending on the aim, e.g. low price, good race performance, low moisture absorption for long life, etc. Glycol based fluids are two times less compressible than silicone type fluids, even when heated. Less compressibility of brake fluid will increase pedal feel (firmness), but in either case this effect is minimal. The US Army has used silicone brake fluid exclusively since 1982 successfully. Glycols are hygroscopic and will absorb water from the atmosphere, reducing the boiling point of the fluid and degrading hydraulic efficiency. Changing fluid on a regular basis will greatly increase the performance of the brake system, but this is often not a concern in passenger cars. On the other hand, changing fluid at least every several years will preserve the life of brake system components (by removing accumulated water and other contaminants) and increase the overall reliability of the brake system. Polyethylene glycol and other brake fluid ingredients may be corrosive to paint and finished surfaces such as chrome and thus care should be taken when working with the fluid. In the recent survey, the market of auto industry will expand to its double in the coming years. Auto lubricants have always been the highest demanded product in the past and continue to be in the present as well. The entry of latest innovations and scientific enhancements, the demand of the auto lubricant has climbed the highest peak ever. The Indian lubricants industry claims to be the sixth largest in the world. It has the presence of almost all major MNCs which include Shell, Mobil, Gulf Oil, Caltex. Some of these oil majors have even tied up or renewed old ties with public sector undertakings, thereby gaining the advantage of distribution and infrastructural networks. The industry is being constrained by high petroleum prices. Until the 1980s, lubricants produced in the country were basically simple blends based on low and medium level technologies. More sophisticated lubricants were imported and these accounted for a relatively small market. Product variation is fairly extensive depending on the requirements of the segment served. In many cases, specific customers have their own special requirements. The lubricants market was dominated by three public sector refinery companies: (i) Bharat Petroleum (ii) Indian Oil Corporation, and (iii) Hindustan Petroleum. Small contributions came in from BPL and private players like Castrol. Lubrizol India and Indian Additives came into existence for manufacturing sophisticated lubricant additives with the collaboration of Lubrizol and Chevron, respectively. There is a good market potential for this product. Any new entrepreneur venture in this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 110 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 404 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 69.00%
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BICYCLE TUBES AND MOTORCYCLE TUBES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Bicycle and motorcycle tubes are the backbone of the bicycle and motorcycle industries. Few numbers of companies in the organized sectors are engaged in the quality grade cycles tyres and tubes and few unorganized sector are also engaged in manufacturing bicycle tyre and tubes. An inner tube is basically a doughnut-shaped balloon, with a valve for inflation. The only requirement for an inner tube is that it should not leak. Being rubber, they have no rigid structure. If an inner tube is inflated outside of a tire, it will expand to 2 or 3 times its nominal size, if it doesn't explode first. Without being surrounded by a tire, an inner tube can't withstand any significant air pressure. Most of the basic raw materials are indigenously available but there is short supply of natural rubber and butyl rubber, it is required to import. Basic technology is also indigenously available in India. Plants and machineries are indigenously available. The market for tubes for bicycle and motorcycle is directly related to the demand for bicycle and motorcycle. Every bicycle and motorcycle manufactured will need a tube for its tire. So an analysis of bicycle and motorcycle production will provide a clear picture of demand for tubes. With a production of about 4.5 million vehicles in 2001-02 and over 8.5 million vehicles now, India is the second largest producer of 2-wheelers worldwide, which includes motorcycles, scooters and mopeds. There has been a steady growth in the demand for motorcycles in India. It has become a youth icon, particularly among the urban youth charged by speed and style which motorcycles impart to their personality. The motorcycles overtook scooters in 1998-99 and have not looked back. The scenario for 2006-07 conformed to the sustained performance in the recent past with sales at over 7 million, higher by over 16.5% on the preceding year's sales. In 2008-09 (first 8 months) sales at 2.85 million were higher by 14.5% than in the comparable period of 2007-08. The total market of motorcycles was estimated at Rs 220 billion in 2007-08, a decline of 5% over that of preceding year. The growing demand of 2/3 wheelers and bicycle will definitely give rise to high demand of tubes in the coming years. There is a good market potential and good scope for all new entrepreneurs to venture into this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Atlas Cycles (Haryana) Ltd. Avon Cycles Ltd. Dewan Steels Ltd. Hero Cycles Ltd. National Bicycle Corpn. Of India Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Nos. Bicycle Tubes, 300000 Nos. Motorcycle TubesPlant & machinery: 105 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 240 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 50.00%
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OIL PALM CULTIVATION - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Oil Palm cultivation is rapidly expanding within the tropical zone and South-East Asia is the leading producer of palm oil. Palm oil comes from trees grown in tropical areas of the world. Rising global demand for edible oils, coupled with the crop’s high yield, has turned palm oil into an economic juggernaut for Indonesia and Malaysia, which account for 85 percent of palm oil production, alone. Today more than 40 countries – led by China, India, and Europe - import crude palm oil. Palm oil has many health benefits, and is sustainable environmentally friendly oil. Elaeis guineensis or more commonly known are the palm tree has its roots in West Africa. The tree was growing wildly in the region and later has been developed into an agriculture crop. Palm oil, a type of vegetable oil is used in a variety of foods including margarine, shortening, potato chips, cake mixes and even soap. Oil palm cultivation is rapidly expanding within the tropical zone and South-East Asia is the leading producer of palm oil, accounting for more than 80% of the world's output. Palm oil, with a 20% market share, has emerged as one of the dominant vegetable oils, second only to soya bean oil. During the past three decades, the production of palm oil grew at the fastest rate (8% per year) compared to rape seed oil (7.2%), soya bean oil (4.5%), and sunflower oil (3.7%). Palm oil production is expected to increase further with the expansion of oil palm cultivation and improved cultivation techniques. The oil palm industry, with diverse products and by-products, offers two opportunities for the promotion of animal production. Firstly, the products and by-products from the industry are valuable feed resources with the potential to be utilized for expanding animal production. Secondly, the forages in the inter-rows can be consumed by ruminants. Integrating animal production with oil palm plantations should take into account all the available resources, i.e. the products and by-products of the industry as well as the forages grown in the inter-rows. Demand for palm oil has increased in recent years due to its use as a biofuel, but recognition that this increases the environmental impact of cultivation as well as causing a food vs. fuel issue has forced some developed nations to reconsider their policies on biofuel to improve standards and ensure sustainability. Purchasing sustainable palm oil can help stop the deforestation of the tropical rainforests. There are many companies working in partnership with local growers that are building communities, as well as protecting the environment. Palm oil, which has more than doubled in the last decade, has rallied 57 percent this year on rising demand from India and China, the biggest user. Demand is expected to be quite strong especially from India. Palm oil accounts for 80 percent of India’s total vegetable oil purchases. There is a strong demand of palm oil in India at present and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 1000 MT Fresh Fruits Bunch/Annum After 3 year.Plant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 118 Lakhs
Return: 53.00%Break even: 41.00%
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BUTYL RUBBER-POLYISOBUTYLENE RUBBER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Butyl rubber is a copolymer of an iso olefin and one or more, preferably conjugated, multi olefins as comonomers. Commercial butyl comprises a major portion of isoolefin and a minor amount, not more than 2.5 wt%, of a conjugated multiolefin. The preferred isoolefin is isobutylene. Butyl rubber (IIR, is an Isobutylene-isoprene copolymer is actually the copolymer of isobutylene and a small amount of isoprene. Its grade varies in isoprene content and viscosity, which is related to molecular weight. Butyl rubber is currently the only rubber that is impermeable to air. Resulting from low levels of unsaturation between long polyisobutylene segments, the primary attributes of butyl rubber are excellent impermeability/air retention and good flex properties. The first major use of butyl rubber was Tire inner tubes, and this continues to be a significant market today. With the phenomenal increase in number of automobiles in India during recent years the demand of tyres and tubes as original equipment and as replacement has also increased. Also the requirement of tubes is directly related to growth of automobile. The production of automobiles is forecast to continue to rise and is indicative of buoyant economic conditions for tyre and tube industry. The Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. A sound transportation system plays a pivotal role in a country’s rapid economic and industrial development. The automobile industry comprises automobile and auto component sectors. It includes passenger cars; light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles; multi-utility vehicles such as jeeps, scooters, motorcycles, three-wheelers and tractors; and auto components like engine parts, drive and transmission parts, suspension and braking parts, and electrical, body and chassis parts. There is a good scope for butyl rubber. Due to the long-time monopoly of technology, market and price, the profit rate of butyl rubber is quite high. New entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful in the long run.
Plant capacity: 15000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 314 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 875 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 42.00%
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MAIZE & ITS BY-PRODUCTS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Maize is one of the main cereal grains which is produced throughout India and is placed 3rd position in agricultural base production though it is not our staple basic food. Maize is constituted by hull, germ, protein, starch and moisture. Maize is generally processed using the dry and wet milling processes. There is dry and wet milling process for manufacturing of by-products such as starch, zein, germ and hulls. Starch is used in the manufacture of number of products such as starch esters, starch phosphates, glucose, dextrose, sorbitol, ethyl alcohol etc. Starch is the basic constituent of maize and it is converted to liquid glucose by adopting series of digestion steps on starch. It will be basically enzyme and acid digestion system. It may be enzyme - enzyme system or only acid digestion system. In the production of liquid glucose there is some production of dextrose anhydride. India is the fifth largest producer of maize in the world contributing 3% of the global production. In India, maize is grown in all seasons i.e., kharif, Rabi and summer. Of these three seasons, nearly 90% of the production is from kharif season, 7-8% during Rabi season and remaining 1-2% during summer season. Since the maize is rain dependent, it is mainly grown during kharif season. Presently, in India, maize is mainly used for preparation of poultry feed and extraction of starch. Out of total arrivals to the wholesale markets nearly 75% of the produce is bought by the poultry feed manufacturers and 20% is purchased by the starch extractors. The wet milling industry in India is limited to certain pockets such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh. There are about 17 wet milling units with a crushing capacity of about 3400 MT of maize/day. Gujarat is the largest producer of starch, having six units with a total crushing capacity of 1350 MT of maize per day, followed by Maharashtra with 5 units and capacity of 1050 MT and Madhya Pradesh with 3 units and capacity of 450 MT maize. There is a good scope to venture into this field. Few Major players are as under: Anil Products Ltd. Ahmadabad English Indian Clays Ltd. Thiruvananthapuram Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. Hyderabad Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. Ahmadabad Gulshan Polyols Ltd. Muzaffarnagar Indian Maize & Chemicals Ltd. Kamala Sugar Mills Ltd. Coimbatore Karnataka State Agro Corn Products Ltd. Bangalore Laxmi Starch Ltd. Kollam Origin Agrostar Ltd. Chennai Pondicherry Agro Service & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Chennai Rai Agro Inds. Ltd. Sangrur Riddhi Siddhi Gluco Biols Ltd. Ahmadabad Santosh Starch Ltd. Ahmadabad Santosh Starch Products Ltd. Mumbai Sayaji Industries Ltd. Gandhinagar Sukhjit Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Hoshiarpur Tirupati Starch & Chemicals Ltd. Indore Unique Sugars Ltd. Mumbai Universal Starch-Chem Allied Ltd. Mumbai
Plant capacity: Starch – 105000 MT/Annum,Liquid Glucose – 2250 MT/Annum,Dextrose Monohydrate – 9000 MT/Annum, Oxidised Starch 1125 MT/Annum,Hull – By Product - 1800 MT/Annum,Zein – By Product - 3600 MT/Annum,Germ – By Product - 2100 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 207 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 686 Lakhs
Return: 38.00%Break even: 57.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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