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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Morocco, Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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Production of Lithium Ion (LiFePO4) Cell batteries for electric vehicles

In today's portable electronics, two types of batteries are used: lithium-ion and lithium iron phosphate. Although they have some similarities, the high energy density, long life cycles, and protection of both are significant differences. The majority of people are familiar with lithium-ion batteries since they own a smartphone, tablet, or computer. Lithium iron phosphate is a newer type of battery that is gaining popularity in the manufacturing industry due to its low cost materials and high temperature stability. Related books:- Automobile Industry, Automotive Components & Allied Products Engine Parts, Piston, Pin, Piston Ring, Valve, Control Cable, Engine Mounting, Auto Lock, Disc Brake, Drum, Gear, Leaf Spring, Shock Absorber, Silencer, Chain, Cylinder Block, Chassis, Battery Advantages of Lithium Ion (LiFePO4) Cell batteries High energy density paves the way for even greater capacities. When fresh, there is no need to prime it for a long time. All that is required is a single daily fee. Self-discharge is less than half that of nickel-based batteries, suggesting that they have a poor self-discharge. Low Maintenance: There is no need for a periodic discharge, and there is no memory. Specialty cells can provide a large amount of current to applications like power tools. Lithium Ion (LiFePO4) Cell manufacturing process Cathode, anode, electrolyte, and separator are the four primary components of Li-ion batteries. The continuous reactions of lithium in a lithium-ion battery produce electricity. Cathode A Li-ion battery's power and voltage are determined by its cathode. Since lithium is unstable in its element form, the cathode of a Li-ion battery is lithium oxide. The frame of the cathode is held together by a thin aluminium foil, which is coated with a paste made up of active material, conductive additive, and a binder. Related project: - Lithium Ion Battery Anode The anode is also coated with an active material that allows for the reversible absorption or emission of lithium ions released from the cathode while also allowing for the flow of electric current through the external circuit. Lithium ions are contained in the anode rather than the cathode when the battery is charged. Lithium ions migrate back to the cathode via the electrolyte as the conducting wire binds the cathode to the anode in the discharge state, and electrons are isolated from lithium ions and travel along the wire, producing electricity. Electrolyte The electrolyte in a Li-Ion Battery allows the transfer of lithium ions between the cathode and the anode, as well as the movement of electrons through the wire. To allow the movement of lithium ions, an electrolyte is usually made up of chemicals with high ionic conductivity. Separator The cathode and anode determine the battery's basic efficiency, while the electrolyte and separator determine the battery's safety. By holding the cathode and anode separate, the separator serves as a physical barrier. It also prevents electrons from flowing directly through the internal microscopic hole, allowing only lithium ions to pass through. Synthetic resins such as polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) are widely used in commercialized separators (PP). Market outlook The demand for lithium iron phosphate batteries in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa. North America is divided into three parts: the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, and the rest of Europe make up Europe. China, India, Japan, and the Rest of Asia-Pacific make up Asia-Pacific. Because of its proven automotive sector and rising consumer electronics demand, Asia-Pacific dominated the global market. From 2020 to 2027, the global lithium iron phosphate battery market is projected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15.2 percent. Related videos: - Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy Govt policies On November 11, 2020, the government approved the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme in advance chemistry cell (ACC) battery manufacturing, as well as 10 other industries. The battery strategy of the scheme aims to make producers more internationally competitive, increase exports, achieve economies of scale, and develop cutting-edge goods. This is part of an attempt to encourage the use of electric vehicles (EVs), which have been hindered in India by high battery costs and a lack of supporting infrastructure. Battery imports account for more than half of the cost of an electric vehicle in India. The government has suggested that local manufacturing facilities be built in order to minimize costs and promote competition. The government has made it clear that it wants to drive India toward clean energy and transportation, as evidenced by the ambitious target of 450 GW of renewable energy production by 2020. Apart from promoting EVs, there has been a notable drive for renewable energy to be available around the clock, which includes energy storage like ACC batteries. Market Research; - Market Research Report The proposed battery policy is output-based rather than input-based, which is one of the scheme's key features. The subsidy is based on the amount of production generated and the amount of value added by private businesses. Only private companies would be eligible for a government subsidy if they reach a 60 percent value addition within five years of the project's start date, which is when full-scale development is planned. Any new technology that emerges in the next ten years will be eligible for a subsidy as well. Next, the government has set aside 570 billion (US$7.7 billion) for the car industry over the next five years as part of the programme. In reality, ACC manufacturing industries have been allocated 180 billion (US$2.4 billion) in advance. The government would pay the producer a fixed subsidy (as determined by the private entity's bid) for a period of ten years, subject to discounting over time. Economies of scale and lower production prices will be factored into the discounting. Key Players:- • BYD Company Ltd. • A123 Systems LLC, • K2 Energy • Electric Vehicle Power System Technology Co., Ltd. • Bharat Power Solutions • OptimumNano Energy Co., Ltd. • LiFeBATT, Inc. Related Projects: - Renewable Energy, Non-conventional Energy, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Biomass Projects Tags:- #LithiumIonBattery #LithiumIonBatteryProduction #LithiumIonBatteryIndustry #LithiumIonBatteryManufacturing #ElectricVehicles #ElectricVehiclesIndustry #ElectricVehiclesProduction #ElectricalIndustry #ElectricIndustry #RenewablePower #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #IndustryDemands #profitablebusiness #ManufacturingBusiness
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Ply Board from Poplar & Eucalyptus Wooden Logs

Ply Board is wooden made board or wooden like raw materials largely used for making ply board. There is large use of ply board nowadays in making wooden base furniture. Poplar and Eucalyptus Wooden Logs can be used for making ply board. Plywood is a building material consisting of veneers (thin wood layers or plies) bonded with an adhesive. There are two types of plywood: softwood plywood and hardwood plywood. Softwoods generally correspond to coniferous species. The most commonly used softwoods for manufacturing plywood are firs and pines. Hardwood plywood is made of hardwood veneers bonded with an adhesive. The outer layers (face and back) surround a core which is usually lumber, particleboard, or medium density fiberboard. Hardwood plywood may be pressed into panels or plywood components (e.g., curved hardwood plywood, seat backs, chair arms, etc.). Poplar wood is a species of wood most commonly used in the making of furniture, cabinets, wooden toys, plywood, etc. It is considered a hardwood, but is just about as easy to work with as pine boards or other soft woods. Poplar is a popular choice for interior work and is something that is always stocked throughout all of Builder locations. Poplar boards are white/ivory in tone with green or brown streaks running through the heartwood of the board. In addition, the wood is straight grained and uniform in texture. It has a medium density which allows paints and glues to adhere very well. Indian particle board and plywood industry dates back to the First World War. It has come a long way having grown nearly six-fold since its inception. The large producers account for 15% of the total production, producing some 38 mn sqm of plywood and blackboards. The ecological considerations had, however, placed the industry in jeopardy owing primarily to the restraints put on the use of timber. Alternate materials in form of agricultural wastes like stalks of cotton and wheat, rice husk and bagasse are slowly getting into the industry as raw material feeds. The Indian market for particle board and plywood is estimated in value terms, at over Rs 37 bn. Of the total market, particle board including medium density fiberboard (MDF board) accounts for nearly a quarter of the market. Nearly 85% of the particle board is supplied by the organized sector. Western India has emerged as the leader in the particle board segment. The Indian plywood market size reached US$ 4.5 Billion in 2019 and current Indian plywood market reached a value of INR 222.5 Billion in 2020. Plywood is manufactured by assembling thin layers of wood veneers bonded together using powerful adhesives. Global Plywood Industry reach 5 Billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 7.9% over the period 2020-2027. Hardwood, one of the segments analyzed is projected to grow at an 8.2% CAGR to reach US$58.8 Billion by the end of the analysis period. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian major players • Archidply Industries Ltd. • Asian Pre-Lam Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Associate Decor Ltd. • Austin Plywood Pvt. Ltd. • Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. • Duroply Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: Poplar Ply Board Size: 8' x 4' Thickness: 18mm:250.0 Nos. Per Day Eucalyptus Ply Board Size: 8' x 4' Thickness: 18mm:250.0 Nos. Per DayPlant & machinery: 260 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:536 Lakh
Return: 28.00%Break even: 63.00%
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Packaged Drinking Water with PET Bottles

Humans need clean tasty and safe drinking water free from any microorganism when human is thirsty and is ready to pay substantially if need be. This is available in Pouch, Bottles and cans as per requirement of the customers. The water used for potable purposes should be free from undesirable impurities. The water available from untreated sources such as Well, Boreholes and spring is generally not hygienic and safe for drinking. Thus it is desirable and necessary to purify the water and supply under hygienic conditions for human drinking purpose. Bottled water is drinking water (e.g., well water, distilled water, mineral water, or spring water) packaged in plastic or glass water bottles. Bottled water may be carbonated or not. Sizes range from small single serving bottles to large carboys for water coolers. Bottled water is the most dynamic market of all the food and beverage industry. Mineral water is bottled under very hygienic conditions under strict quality control before being marketed. Its major use is in five star Hotels, Hospitals, tourist place, function & People houses where good quality pure water is required for potable purposes. It is marketed at places and regions where hygienic drinking water is not freely available. The bottled water industry in India witnessed a boom soon after BISLERI launched its packaged drinking water in the country. This significant growth was fueled by a surge in advertising by the industry players that "bottled water was pure and healthy" As it is being considered as healthy compare to tap water or other water sources, the people conscious about health are opt for bottled water of known brand. India's packaged bottled water industry is currently dominated by the top five players, including PARLE (BISLERI, BAILLERY), PEPSICO (AQUAFINA), COCA COLA (KINLEY), DHARIWAL (OXYRICH) AND NOURISH CO. (HIMALYAN). Apart from these other leading bottled water brands in India are: KINGFISHER, TATA WATER PLUS, QUA, BLUEFIN, OVIVO, etc. The market is expected to reach INR ~403.06 Bn by the end of 2023, from its current value of INR ~160 Bn, expanding at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of ~20.75% from 2018. Based on volume, the market is likely to reach ~35.53 Bn liters by 2023, expanding at a CAGR of ~18.25% from 2018 to 2023. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business.
Plant capacity: Packaged Drinking Water 200 ml Size Bottle:28,800 Bottles per Day Packaged Drinking Water 500 ml Size Bottle:28,800 Bottles per Day Packaged Drinking Water 1000 ml Size Bottle:38,400 Bottles per DayPlant & machinery: 306 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:632 Lakh
Return: 24.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Production of Micronutrients Fertilizer. Most Profitable Industries to Launch Startups.

Introduction: Nutrients are needed for the survival of all living things. Plants, too, require vital nutrients in order to complete their life cycle. Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen are all naturally occurring elements that are not supplied to plants. Major nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are needed in greater amounts by plants and must be supplied on a regular basis. Calcium, Magnesium, and Sulphur are secondary nutrients that are needed in smaller amounts than main nutrients. Micronutrient Fertilizer is required in very limited amounts by plants and plays an important role in their physiology. Related projects:- Disinfectants, Pesticides, Insecticides, Mosquito Repellents, Destroyers, Phenyl, Fertilizer, Fungicides, Herbicides, Plant Regulator, Plant Growth Regulator, Mixture, Intermediates, Agrochemicals, Bio Stimulate, Growth Activator, Organic Pesticides Zinc [Zn], Boron [Bo], Iron [Fe], Manganese [Mn], Copper [Cu], Molybdenum [Mo], Silicon [Si], Nickel [Ni], Cobalt [Co], and Sodium [Na] are all micronutrients. Plant micronutrients play an important role in flower initiation, fertilization, fruit set, and disease resistance. Sulfates are the most common micronutrient fertilizer sources for Zn, Cu, and Mn, but chelates are the most common Fe source, and borax and sodium molybdate are used for B and Mo, respectively. The soil property that has the greatest effect on micronutrient availability is soil pH, and for all but Mo, the higher the pH, the lower the plant availability. Liming, according to Mo, will potentially avoid deficiencies. Organic matter content, particularly for Cu, oxidation/reduction conditions, especially for Fe and Mn, soil texture, Fe and Al oxide content, and soil moisture conditions are also essential in bioavailability. Uses and Types of Micronutrients: We're all familiar with the basic nutrients for plants: nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and sulphur. They're known as macronutrients. However, there is a long list of plant micronutrients that are also important for the health of your plants in far smaller amounts. These micronutrients, such as boron, iron, zinc, and others, not only promote healthy growth, but also aid in the fight against pests and diseases in your garden. Related Books:- Biofertilizer, Biofertiliser, Biogas, Organic Farming, Vermicompost, Vermiculture, Biotechnology Adding organic compost to your garden soil is the safest long-term way to keep it rich in the micronutrients it needs. Compostable materials such as grass clippings, leaves, plant trimmings, and table scraps already contain a variety of micronutrients. Their presence in your compost means that certain micronutrients are returned to the soil. Many regions have increased their use of micronutrients as a result of increased information gained over the last 25 years about plant requirements, sources, and the most successful methods of applying them. Higher crop yields, which are generally the product of higher NPK fertilizer prices, can also result in increased micronutrient requirements. Furthermore, the rapid change in the tropics to higher-analysis fertilizers like urea, triple superphosphate, and ammonium phosphate has reduced the amount of micronutrients added to the soil as fertilizer contaminants. Micronutrients are small amounts of basic elements used by plants. Crop absorption of most micronutrients is less than one pound per acre. Despite this low requirement, if micronutrients are not available, essential plant functions are hampered, resulting in plant abnormalities, reduced growth, and lower yield. In such situations, costly, high-demand crop inputs like nitrogen and water can be squandered. Growers are evaluating all possible obstacles to top grain production, including micronutrient shortages, as a result of higher yields, higher commodity prices, and higher crop input costs. Related project:- Micronutrients Fertilizer Production Process: By simply mixing the process with the right formula, a specific fertilizer grade of mixed micronutrients can be created. Micronutrients are divided into two categories based on their use. The one for foliar spray is different from the one for soil application. Micronutrients are essential for providing healthy nutrition to plants, and a lack of them can limit crop growth. One of the major factors driving the market's growth is the increasing occurrence of micronutrient deficiencies in soils around the world. Market Outlook: The Global Micronutrient Fertilizers Market is expected to expand at a rate of 10.2% over the next five years. However, the prevalence of micronutrients in soil is now decreasing at a faster rate, allowing for their artificial addition. This is where the micronutrient fertilizer industry has a lot of space to develop. The global Micronutrients Fertilizers market has the following segments based on the type: Boron, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Zinc, and Others. The increase in soil degradation due to extensive cultivation and shrinking farmland will drive the micronutrient fertilizers market. Based on type, the global Micronutrients Fertilizers market is segmented into the following categories: Boron, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Zinc, and Others. The demand for micronutrient fertilizers would be motivated by a rise in soil depletion due to intensive agriculture and diminishing farmland. Furthermore, rising demand for high-value crops such as fruits and vegetables would drive up demand for micronutrient fertilizers. The micronutrient fertilizers market is likely to be hindered by limited product availability. Related Videos:- Fertilizers, Biofertilizer, Inorganic Fertilizers (Mineral Fertilizer), NPK, Nitrogen Fertilizer, Nitrogenous Fertilizer, Diammonium Phosphate Projects Increased agricultural investment in developed countries, on the other hand, would open up opportunities for the micronutrient fertilizer industry. Based on feature, the global market for micronutrient fertilizers is divided into the following segments: soil, foliar, fertigation, and others. The agricultural micronutrients market is expected to expand due to factors such as increasing soil micronutrient deficiencies and rising awareness about food security. In terms of both value and volume, Asia-Pacific was the largest market for crop micronutrients. The rising demand for high-quality food, as well as farmers' increased awareness and acceptance of micronutrients, are some of the major factors driving the crop micronutrients market in Asia Pacific. Furthermore, the crop micronutrients market in this area is expected to be driven by an increase in agricultural practices and the demand for high-quality agricultural produce. Government Policy Micronutrients Fertilizers: India is a zinc-deficient country, according to an ICAR report under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, with about 37% of soil samples analyzed for accessible zinc being found deficient. Owing to zinc deficiency, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 800,000 people die each year as a result of zinc deficiency, with 450,000 of them being children under the age of five. Low zinc intake could affect 60-70 percent of the population in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, according to estimates. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles This amounts to about 2 billion people in Asia and 400 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa in absolute terms. Zinc malnutrition has resulted from widespread zinc deficiency in humans, especially in developing countries like India. This has drew the attention of India's government and politicians, raising consciousness about the value of zinc in human health. In terms of fertilizer policy, the position of zinc was targeted through an Rs 500 per ton additional subsidy under the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) Scheme, which was launched in 2010. Under the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), the government is actively promoting the use of zinc by providing farmers with an additional subsidy of Rs 500 per hectare for using micronutrients, including zinc fertilizers. Big fertilizer companies are also making forays into the zinc fertilizer market in India. Key Players: 1. Abellon Agrisciences Ltd. 2. Agro Extracts Ltd. 3. Aries Agro Ltd 4. Bayer Cropscience Ltd. 5. Champion Agro Ltd. 6. Coromandel Agro Products & Oils Ltd. 7. Good Value Mktg. Co. Ltd. For More Details:- https://www.niir.org/profile-project-reports/profile/2890/micronutrients-fertilizer.html
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Emerging Business of Industrial Gases (Industrial Gases Market Size is expected to Rise Significantly) Start the Production Plant of Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas

Introduction: Industrial gases are used in a variety of industries and are gaseous at room temperature and pressure. Chemicals, electricity, medicine, electronics, aerospace, and even food are among these industries. These gases, as useful as they are, can be flammable and pose other risks. Gases, liquids, and cryogenic liquids are all possible uses for industrial gases. They are commonly accepted by industrial users as gases that are used in significant quantities in their pure form. No animal can survive without oxygen, which is a natural resource. Fish and other marine organisms depend on oxygen gas dissolved in water in the same way as humans do. Another money-saving option is an oxygen plant that includes a molecular screen battery drier device for moisture and carbon dioxide separation. It removes acetylene and other hydrocarbons from the process air, removing the need for separate acetylene absorbents and, more importantly, the expense of caustic soda. Related Projects: Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant (Medical and Industrial Grade) Nitrogen gas is an inert gas that can be found in abundance in nature, both free and as part of industrially important compounds. Nitrogen gas is colourless, odourless, and tasteless, as well as being inert. These characteristics make it suitable for use in a variety of manufacturing processes, but they also make it a potential safety hazard for workers. As a result, nitrogen gas producers and consumers must take sufficient nitrogen safety measures. The chemical element nitrogen has the symbol N and the atomic number 7. Nitrogen is the lightest element of Periodic Group 15, also known as the pnictogens. It is a common factor in the universe, with a total abundance estimated to be about seventh in the Milky Way and Solar System. Two atoms of the element join together at normal temperature and pressure to form dinitrogen, a colourless and odourless diatomic gas with the formula N2. Uses of Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant: The industrial and medical gases industries represent a sizable number of customers in the city. Industrial gases are needed in almost all manufacturing processes. In the essential and infrastructure sectors, large amounts of oxygen, nitrogen, and argon are used. For cutting and welding, shipyards and the automotive industry use acetylene, propane, and mixtures of fuel gases and oxygen. In the recycling of plastics, packaging, and scrap tyres, liquid nitrogen is important. All major industrial gases are used as a raw material or for inerting in the chemical industry. Cylinder gas and mixtures make up the other smaller industry group. In steelmaking, oxygen is needed for the reaction that converts carbon to carbon dioxide gas, which occurs at high temperatures in a blast furnace. The carbon dioxide emitted enables iron oxides to be reduced to more pure iron compounds. Other applications that include metal and require high temperatures, such as welding torches, use oxygen. Hydrocarbon molecules are broken apart by heating, and oxygen is used to degrade them. This is used to generate combustion, which produces water and carbon dioxide in most cases, but also the hydrocarbons acetylene, propylene, and ethylene in some cases. Nitrogen gas is used by some factories on a daily basis in remote areas. Related Project: Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant Due to safety concerns and time delays, delivering liquid nitrogen to these locations is not feasible. It is important for industries such as chemical production, offshore drilling, and some pharmaceutical firms to have on-site nitrogen. On-site nitrogen generation not only ensures a consistent nitrogen solution, but it also helps these industries to adjust their purity levels depending on the application. The importance of nitrogen as a purging gas in the steel industry cannot be overstated. It's used as an assist gas to blast molten material away, resulting in a better, corrosion-resistant stainless or aluminized steel product. When formation pressures start to dwindle, nitrogen produced by various standard methods can be injected into an oil reservoir as an enhanced oil recovery technique. These secondary recovery strategies can restore and extend the life of well-produced goods. Manufacturing of Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant: Compressed oxygen, liquid oxygen, and nitrogen are the four materials. d) All liquid nitrogen is extracted in the same plant from air. The raw material, air, is cryogenically liquefied, and the liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen components are separated in a fractional distillation column. Compressors / pumps bottle compressed oxygen and nitrogen gases into cylinders. After vaporisation of the respective liquid fractions, compressed oxygen and nitrogen gases are bottled into cylinders by compressors / pumps. The air is compressed to a pressure of 30kg/cm2 in three steps. Following that, water vapour and carbon dioxide are removed using a battery of molecular sieves. The carbon dioxide and water vapor-free air is compressed still more to a pressure. External refrigeration is used to compress the outgoing carbon dioxide and water vapour free air to a pressure of 100 kg/cm2 and cool it significantly. The outgoing product gases cool the high-pressure air even further in heat exchangers. The majority of the cold air is allowed to expand via an expansion motor, while the remainder is redirected via an expansion valve. The expansion engine's downstream air reaches a pressure of 5 kg/cm2 and a significantly lower temperature. Partially liquefaction of air occurs when the other stream of air passing through the expansion valve is extended to a pressure of 5kg/cm2. Related Videos: Industrial, Medical and Specialty Gases Manufacturing Project Ideas Both streams of air are combined and added to the bottom column of the double rectification column as a liquid vapour mixture (fractional Distillation Column). Because of mass and heat transfer at each perforated tray in the column, nitrogen-rich liquid vapour collects at the top trays, while an oxygen-rich liquid-vapor mixture collects at the bottom trays. The liquid nitrogen that has accumulated at the top of the bottom column is drawn out and stored in vacuum-insulated cryogenic tanks as a product. This liquid nitrogen is pumped from the storage tank via vaporizers for gasification and bottling into cylinders to produce nitrogen gas. The oxygen-rich liquid-vapor mixture at the bottom column's sump is redirected to the distillation column's top column, which operates at a lower pressure of 0.5kg/cm2. Further separation of oxygen and nitrogen vapour occurs in this low-pressure column through a mass and heat transfer process at the various trays inside the column. Related Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES Due to heat exchange with the cooler liquid nitrogen produced at the top of the bottom column, the separated oxygen vapours settle at the bottom of this column and condense to form liquid oxygen. The liquid oxygen that has accumulated at the bottom of the top column is extracted as a result and stored in vacuum-insulated cryogenic tanks. This liquid oxygen can be vaporised by heat exchange between incoming process airs and compressed by oxygen compressors for bottling into cylinders to produce compressed oxygen. Alternatively, the stored liquid oxygen may be pumped into vaporizers for gasification and cylinder filling. The plant's processing modes can be changed to produce: 1) Liquid nitrogen and compressed oxygen, with in-built vaporizers filling compressed oxygen, or 2) Liquid oxygen only, with external vaporizers filling compressed oxygen, depending on requirements. Market Outlook: The rising demand for alternative energy sources is driving the growth of the industrial gases industry. Furthermore, the global industrial gases market is being driven by increasing demand for industrial gases in the health care sector. In the other side, the government is strict. Its business development is being hampered by laws and regulations relating to environmental emissions and safety concerns. At a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -0.9 percent, the global industrial gas demand is forecast to decrease from $101.8 billion in 2019 to $100.9 billion in 2020. The industrial gases industry is expanding due to growing demand for renewable energy sources. Furthermore, rising demand for industrial gases in the health-care sector is driving the global industrial gases market. The government, on the other hand, is strict. However, the industrial gases industry is capital-intensive and needs significant investment, which may be a limiting factor in the market's growth. The global industrial gases market has a plethora of growth prospects in emerging economies. Increasing Demand of Oxygen Gas Due to Covid-19: The COVID-19 epidemic resulted in a major rise in global demand for medical oxygen. The rising prevalence of chronic diseases and infectious diseases such as Covid-19, cancer, asthma, diabetes, heart attack, and others, as well as an increase in the global geriatric population, are driving the medical oxygen gas cylinders industry. The compressed oxygen gas in commercial oxygen gas cylinders is used for medical purposes. Patients suffering from illnesses such as asthma, cancer, and others benefit greatly from medical oxygen gas cylinders. The primary goal of an oxygen cylinder is to keep the body supplied with pure oxygen. Oxygen cylinders are in high demand in hospitals, home care settings, and other places. With the number of Covid-19 cases in the electricity approaching 19,000, demand for oxygen has increased as a result of patients needing breathing assistance due to the disease's lung complications. Now is the time to put medical oxygen first. Oxygen should be viewed as a critical utility, much like electricity. Key Players: • Air Liquide India Holding Pvt. Ltd. • Arrow Oxygen Ltd. • Bellary Oxygen Co. Pvt. Ltd. • Bhagawati Oxygen Ltd. • Bhilai Oxygen Ltd. • Govind Poy Oxygen Ltd. • Howrah Gases Ltd. • Linde India Ltd. • Madhav Industrial Gases Pvt. Ltd. • Niket Udyog Ltd. • Praxair India Pvt. Ltd. • Pushya Industrial Gases Ltd. • Rukmani Metals & Gaseous Pvt. Ltd. • Saraogi Oxygen Ltd. • Southern Gas Ltd. • Travancore Oxygen Ltd. For More Details: https://niir.org/profile-project-reports/profiles/industrial-gases-projects/z,,23,0,a/index.html
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Set Up a Manufacturing Plant of Ply Board From Poplar & Eucalyptus Wooden Logs. Investment Opportunities in Wood Industry.

Introduction Plywood is a form of engineered wood sheet made up of fine layers or flimsy strands of wood veneers that are glued together at 90 degrees to one another. It is a type of manufactured board that is a combination of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) and Chip Board (Particle Board). It's a complicated substance that joins resin and wood fiber sheets. Plywood has grown in popularity over the last decade due to its low moisture content, which makes it ideal for a variety of tasks. Plywood has become very popular to use, particularly for outdoor purposes. Plywood is used in the construction of Motor Torpedo Boats and Motor Gun Boats by the renowned British powerboat firm. Related Project: Manufacturing of Ply Board from Poplar & Eucalyptus Wooden Logs Uses Plywood is a form of engineered wood sheet made up of fine layers or flimsy strands of wood veneers that are glued together at 90 degrees to one another. It is a type of manufactured board that is a combination of Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) and Chip Board (Particle Board). It's a complicated substance that joins resin and wood fibre sheets. Followings are the uses and applications of plywood: • It is required wherever firm, strong material is required. • It is used as a high-quality layered wood material. • It was critical for construction and furniture making because of its resistance to bending, splitting, breaking, cracking, twisting, and warping. • For use in the open air. • For space or aviation parts making. • Since 1939, aviation has been used for space transportation. • Low-moisture plywood is used for a variety of applications, including shipbuilding. • U, or folded plywood, is used to create curved surfaces because the grains of plywood are easier to bend than those of regular wood. • This is used to build the inner surface of a skating rink. • Can be used for a variety of indoor stadium sports. • For the building of ships Production A good peeler log, which is generally straighter and larger in diameter than one needed for sawmill processing into dimensioned lumber, is required for plywood production. A long blade is pushed into the log horizontally and rotated around its long axis, allowing a thin layer of wood to peel off (much as a continuous sheet of paper from a roll). During rotation, a solid or roller nosebar is pushed against the log to create a "gap" for the veneer to move through between the knife and the nosebar. The nosebar helps to maintain the veneer being peeled to an accurate thickness by partially compressing the wood as it is peeled, controlling the vibration of the peeling knife, and assisting in holding the veneer being peeled to an accurate thickness. Related Videos: Wood and Wood Products, Plywood, Particle Board, Wooden Furniture, Bamboo, Forest Product, Wood Plastic Composite, Timber and Woodworking The log is peeled into sheets of veneer, which are then cut to the desired oversize dimensions to allow it to shrink when dried (depending on wood species). To shape the plyboard plate, the sheets are patched, graded, glued together, and baked in a press at a temperature of at least 140 °C (284 °F) and a pressure of up to 1.9 MPa (280 psi) (but more generally 200 psi). Depending on the market for which it is intended, the panel may be patched, minor surface defects such as splits or small knot holes filled, re-sized, sanded, or otherwise refinished. Indoor plywood typically uses a less costly urea-formaldehyde glue with minimal water resistance, whereas outdoor and marine plywood is engineered to withstand moisture and uses a water-resistant phenol-formaldehyde glue to avoid delamination and maintain strength in high humidity. Plyboard adhesives have been a source of controversy. In very high amounts, both urea formaldehyde and phenol formaldehyde are carcinogenic. As a result, several manufacturers are switching to "E"-rated low formaldehyde-emitting glue systems. Formaldehyde emissions are essentially zero in plyboard manufactured to "E0" standards. In addition to the glues, producers are focusing on the wood resources themselves, in part due to energy efficiency and respect for natural resources. Manufacturers who participate in these programmes may earn a variety of certifications. All certification initiatives that ensure that processing and construction practices are sustainable include the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI), and Greenguard. Many of these initiatives provide tax advantages to both the manufacturer and the end consumer. Related Books: Wood, Bamboo, Coal, Lignin and Its Derivatives Plywood comes in many different varieties for various applications: Plywood made of softwood Softwood plywood is usually made of cedar, Douglas fir, spruce, oak, and fir (collectively known as spruce-pine-fir or SPF) or redwood and is used in building and industry. Plywood made of hardwood Hardwood plywood is made from dicot trees (Oak, Beech, and Mahogany) and is used for high-strength applications. Hardwood plywood is known for its high strength, stiffness, and creep resistance. It has high impact resistance and planar shear strength, making it ideal for heavy-duty floor and wall structures. The wheel-carrying ability of oriented plywood construction is high. Hardwood plywood has a high degree of surface hardness, as well as resistance to damage and wear. Plywood from the tropics Tropical plywood is made from a variety of tropical wood types. Originally from Asia, it is now produced in African and South American countries as well. Tropical plywood outperforms softwood plywood in terms of density, weight, layer evenness, and overall consistency. If it is made to high standards, it is normally sold at a premium in many countries. In the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, Taiwan, Korea, Dubai, and other countries around the world, tropical plywood is commonly used. Because of its low cost, it is used for building in many areas. Many countries' forests, including the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia, have been over-harvested, owing to the demand for plywood production and export. Market Research: - Market Research Report Plywood for Airplanes DH-98 (De Havilland) Mosquito was constructed of veneers that were bent and glued together. High-strength plywood, also known as aircraft plywood, is manufactured with heat and humidity-resistant adhesives and is made from mahogany, spruce, and/or birch. During World War II, it was used to build air assault gliders as well as many fighter aircraft, the most famous of which was the multi-role British Mosquito. Plywood, dubbed "The Wooden Wonder," was used for the wing surfaces as well as flat parts like bulkheads and wing spar webs. The monocoque fuselage's bonded ply-balsa-ply "sandwich" provided exceptional rigidity; elliptical in cross-section, it was shaped in two different mirror-image halves using curved moulds. Decorative Plywood (Overlaid Plywood) Decorative plywood (overlaid plywood) is usually made of hardwoods such as ash, oak, red oak, birch, maple, mahogany, shorea (also known as lauan, meranti, or Philippine mahogany), rosewood, teak, and a variety of other hardwoods. Related Projects: Wood and Wood Products, Plywood, Board, Particle Board, Wooden Furniture, Bamboo, Engineered wood, Forest product, Lumber, Tree, Wood drying, Wood plastic composite, Door, Window, Modular Furniture, Timber, Woodworking, Decorative Laminated Sheets Plywood that bends Flexible plywood was created for the purpose of creating curved pieces, a tradition that dates back to the 1850s in the furniture industry. [requires citation] Mahogany three-ply "wiggle board" or "bendy board" sheets are 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) thick and come in 4 by 8 foot (1.2 m 2.4 m) sheets with a very thin cross-grain central ply and two thicker exterior plies, either long grain or cross grain. When moulded into the desired curve, wiggle board is often glued together in two layers to make the final shape rigid and resistant to movement. Decorative wood veneers are often used as a surface layer. Plywood for the Marine Environment Marine plywood is made from tough face and core veneers with few flaws, so it lasts longer in humid and wet environments and prevents delamination and fungus. Its design allows it to be used in areas where it will be exposed to moisture for extended periods of time. Each veneer will be made from tropical hardwoods and will have a small core gap, reducing the risk of water trapping in the plywood and ensuring a strong and durable glue bond. Like other exterior plywoods, it's glued with an exterior Weather and Boil Proof (WBP) glue. Market Outlook In the year 2020, the global plywood market will be worth nearly USD 43 billion. Between 2021 and 2026, the plywood industry is projected to expand at a CAGR of 5%, reaching a value of nearly USD 57.6 billion. The global plywood demand is fueled by the construction industry's expansion. The Asia Pacific area is the most important market, with the largest market share. India and China are the largest plywood markets in the Asia Pacific region, owing to growing population growth and rising disposable incomes in both countries. Manufacturers' rising technical innovations to minimise manufacturing costs, increase profitability, and boost the quality of plywood products are also helping the industry. Projects:- Project Reports & Profiles Indian Plywood Market In 2020, the Indian plywood market will be worth INR 222.5 billion. Plywood is made up of thin layers of wood veneers that are glued together with strong adhesives. In the manufacture of plywood for different uses, softwoods, hardwoods, or a mixture of the two are used, such as many types of maple, mahogany, oak, pine, cedar, spruce, and so on. Hardwood plywood sheets are used to make furniture and other interior uses, while softwood plywood sheets are used to build on the exterior of a building. Plywood is primarily used for furniture manufacturing in India, accounting for two-thirds of total wood use. The Indian plywood market is expected to rise moderately between 2021 and 2026. Key Players: • Archidply Industries Ltd. • Asian Pre-Lam Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Associate Decor Ltd. • Austin Plywood Pvt. Ltd. • Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. • Duroply Industries Ltd. • Ecoboard Industries Ltd. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/Manufacturing%20of%20Ply%20Board%20from%20Poplar%20&%20Eucalyptus%20Wooden%20Logs
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Solar Panel

Solar panel refers either to a photovoltaic module, a solar thermal energy panel, or to a set of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A PV module is a packaged, connected assembly of solar cells. Solar panels can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC), and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a module determines the area of a module given the same rated output - an 8% efficient 230 watt module will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt module. The technology behind solar is relatively old, despite their futuristic appeal, but while the basics are the same the efficiency of solar panels has improved greatly in recent years. It’s worth noting that solar panel suppliers often have two types of solar panels on offer: thermal panels and photovoltaic (PV) panels. The former are used only to heat water. The electricity produced by solar panels will be used to power any appliances currently in use within home. Any electricity which is not used will be sent to the grid. India has abundant solar resources, as it receives about 3000 hours of sunshine every year, equivalent to over 5,000 trillion kWh. India can easily utilize the solar energy. Today the Government is encouraging generation of electricity from various renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, small hydro, biomass by giving various fiscal & financial incentives. This apart, the state governments are procuring electricity from renewable energy projects at preferential tariff. Multiple solar cells in an integrated group, all oriented in one plane, constitute a solar photovoltaic panel or solar photovoltaic module. Photovoltaic modules often have a sheet of glass on the sun-facing side, allowing light to pass while protecting the semiconductor wafers. Solar cells are usually connected in series in modules, creating an additive voltage. Connecting cells in parallel yields a higher current; however, problems such as shadow effects can shut down the weaker (less illuminated) parallel string (a number of series connected cells) causing substantial power loss and possible damage because of the reverse bias applied to the shadowed cells by their illuminated partners. Solar panels can be used to generate a portion of home’s power in order to reduce dependency on traditional power sources. For instance, install panels to provide electricity just for appliances or lighting, to reduce dependency on the utility company, as well as lower bill. Solar modules use light energy (photons) from the sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. The majority of modules use wafer-based crystalline silicon cells or thin-film cells based on cadmium telluride or silicon. The structural (load carrying) member of a module can either be the top layer or the back layer. Cells must also be protected from mechanical damage and moisture. The solar contribution stood at 5.44% as of 2018. Major factors driving the market studied are the declining cost of the solar module and the government policies like allowing 100% FDI under automatic route for renewable power generation and distribution projects which is expected to increase the participation from global players into the Indian market. With government promoting the solar installation in rural area by providing subsidized solar panels and other incentive, the solar PV installation is ought to increase during the forecast period and is expected to drive the market. So far, only five CSP projects, namely, ACME solar tower (2.5 MW), Dhursar (125 MW), Godawari solar project (50 MW), Megha solar plant (50 MW), and national solar thermal power facility (1 MW) have started operations in India. Owing to factors, such as, huge capital expenditure, difficulty in securing land and water, and insufficient DNI data, other projects have been delayed. India solar power products market is projected to grow at a CAGR of more than 11% to surpass $ 7.6 billion by 2024 on the back of increasingly stringent policy and regulatory framework and rising environmental concerns. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has set a target of 100 GW of solar power generation capacity by 2022. To achieve the target, government has taken several initiatives in the form of offering subsidies, financial assistance, and incentives to manufacturers, power producers and even customers. The global solar panel market volume reached 155.5 GW in 2019. A solar panel, also known as a PV panel, is a collection of solar (or photovoltaic) cells that employ natural sunlight to generate electricity. It is made of several solar cells, manufactured using silicon, boron, and phosphorus, which are arranged in a grid-like pattern on the surface. The utilization of solar panels has increased across the globe as they do not lead to any form of pollution and their installation helps in combating the harmful emissions of greenhouse gases. Also, innovations in quantum physics and nanotechnology are projected to increase their effectiveness potentially. They are superior to conventional solar panels in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness. They can also be integrated into almost any surface, which will further boost their applicability across various sectors. On account of these factors, the market to sustain positive growth over the forecast period (2020-2025). As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Dhursar Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. • Divine Solren Pvt. Ltd. • Ind Renewable Energy Ltd. • Indira Power Pvt. Ltd. • Janardan Wind Energy Pvt. Ltd. • Kiran Solar One Pvt. Ltd. • Laxmi Agroenergy Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 33 KW per dayPlant & machinery: 181 Lakhs
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Return: 28.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Emerging Investment Opportunities to Start your Own Business of Packaged Drinking Water with PET Bottles.

Introduction Packed drinking water is water that has been filtered and disinfected in some way, such as by filtration, UV or ozone treatment, or reverse osmosis (RO), and then packaged in plastic or glass bottles or pouches for our use. A liquid cannot contain sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavours, extracts, or essences) and must be calorie-free and sugar-free to be considered "bottled water." Related Project:- PACKAGED DRINKING WATER WITH PET BOTTLES PET PET, also known as PETE or Polyethylene Terephthalate, is a solid, rigid synthetic fibre derived from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. PET is used in almost every plastic water bottle on the planet. But what are the characteristics that make it such an excellent food packaging material? PET containers are not only lightweight, but they also do not react biologically with food. Apart from that, PET is a durable, non-reactive, cost-effective, and shatterproof material that is likely to save the day. PET's protection in food, beverage, and personal care products, as well as pharmaceutical and medical applications, has been acknowledged by health authorities all over the world. One of the main reasons why many manufacturers choose PET is that it is 100% recyclable and highly sustainable. It can be recovered and recycled several times –– into personal care product tubes, carpet and clothing fibres, vehicle components, building materials, industrial strapping, and other packaging materials, for example. Benefits Health Benefits Mineral water is considered to have a variety of health benefits due to its carbonation and mineral content. Contributing to Heart Health In one research, postmenopausal women consumed one litre of mineral water a day for two months at a time. Mineral water consumption reduced bad (LDL) cholesterol levels while increasing healthy (HDL) cholesterol levels, according to the findings. Mineral water helps keep the heart safe and functioning properly, as high cholesterol raises the risk of heart failure and other diseases. Lowering Blood Pressure Researchers tested the effects of mineral water on subjects with borderline hypertension (high blood pressure) and low calcium and magnesium levels in a 2004 report. They noticed a noticeable reduction in these people's blood pressure after four weeks of drinking mineral water. Relieving Symptoms of Constipation Carbonated mineral water can help people with dyspepsia (indigestion) and constipation by reducing constipation and improving symptoms. It also has the added advantage of improving gallbladder function. Health Risks Although there are no known health risks associated with drinking mineral water, drinking it from a plastic bottle may do so. Related Projects: - Water Industry (Distilled water, Packaged Drinking water, Hydropower, Ice, Mineral water Manufacturing Process CHLORINE DOSING SYSTEM: The direct consumption of raw water is considered unfit for drinking as it may contain living microorganisms. Also raw water may hold ferrous compounds which can get oxidized to ferric oxide. They then settle down in the storage tank thus increasing the water woes. The Hypochlorite dosing system, which is used for this purpose. About 3-4 ppm of sodium hypochlorite solution is dosed in raw water storage tank. The solution reacts with water to form a hypo chlorite acids which ultimately acts as a disinfecting agent. RAW WATER STORAGE TANK: For storing chlorinated water with adequate capacity, one number of raw water is needed. PVC pipework and isolation valves, as well as the required type of level indicator, are installed in the tanks. RAW WATER SUPPLY PUMP: A Stainless Steel Horizontal Centrifugal Pump is used to supply a significant proportion of raw water to the Pressure Sand Filter Unit. Along with our machinery, we also have this Raw Water Supply Pump. Related Videos:- Beverages, Fruit Juice, Alcohol, Wine, Whisky, Mineral Water, Packaged Drinking Water, Beer, Energy Drinks, Hard and Soft Drinks, PRESSURE SAND FILTER: Prior to feeding the R.O.Plant, raw water is filtered using a filtration mechanism that employs a series of filtration units. Also included is a Pressure Sand Filter Unit, which is an effective tool for removing suspended matter and turbidity from raw water. Internally, the PSF Unit is equipped with a bottom collection mechanism and is an SS vertical Pressure Vessel. On the supporting media of pebbles and gravels, uniform grades of silica quartz sand are charged. Externally, this device has SS frontal pipework and a Multiport Valve. Over the duty period, water passes through the sand bed in a downward direction, trapping suspended matter and turbid particles and separating them. Due to suspended matter, the sand bed becomes blocked over time, resulting in a higher pressure drop and reduced flow. As a result, the filter bed must be backwashed at some stage. When the pressure drop across the sand bed reaches the prescribed limit (0.5 kg/cm2) or the filtered water quality deteriorates, whichever comes first. Backwashing and rinsing the Sand Bed are part of the regeneration process. To perform the backwashing feature, water is allowed to flow in the opposite direction of the service cycle to loosen the filtering media bed. As a result, entrapped suspended matter detaches and is released along with effluent water. The backwashing process is run for around 10 to 15 minutes, or until the effluent is clear. For sand bed rinsing: To settle the sand bed, service water is directed downward. To ensure that all unclear water is drained out, the effluent water is drained for about 5 minutes. Related Books:- BOOKS & DATABASES ACTIVATED CARBON FILTER: Water obtained from natural sources which contain visible impurities, odours, and bacteria in varying proportions, rendering it unfit for any use. It is therefore necessary to remove these contaminants from water. If the raw water has been chlorinated for die-infection, the free chlorine must be removed before feeding into the R.O. system. Chlorine, which is a potent oxidizing agent, damages the R.O. Membranes. By passing water through a carbon bed, Activated Carbon is the ideal solution for removing chlorine, odour, and colour. Because of their wide surface area, carbon granules can directly absorb organics found in water. The ACF Unit is a pressurized upright vessel made of FRP with a built-in strainer on the bottom that deposits syringes. The frontal tubing is made of stainless steel, and the MPV works externally. The supporting media of Coarse and Fine Silex are charged with granular activated carbon. The feed water is treated by flowing vertically through a Carbon Bed, which removes chlorine and bad odours from the water. The equipment is set aside for regeneration when the pressure level inside the Carbon Bed exceeds the prescribed limit of (0.8 kg/cm2) or the consistency of treated water degrades, whichever comes first. Backwashing and flushing of the Carbon Bed are part of the restoration process. Carbon's consistency deteriorates after prolonged use. Standard laboratory monitoring can be used to keep a close eye on this. Specifically, the iodine value, which is the most important factor in this application. It is standard procedure to substitute activated Carbon granules once a year. ANTI SCALENT DOSING: Precipitation is needed for elements such as salts, calcium, and magnesium that are present in excess quantities. If they reach the solubility limit, the water nutrient level is jeopardized. THE REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM: The RO method removes dissolved solids from the water after it has been cleaned. It's a device that passes highly concentrated water through a semi-permeable membrane with micro filters. PRODUCT WATER STORAGE TANK: The treated water from the R.O. system is stored in our custom-designed S.S. storage tank, which has the capacity needed. The tank is equipped with a stainless steel pipe system, isolation valves, and the required level indicator. Every tank has a single transfer pump made of stainless steel that feeds the softened water into the MCF. Market Research: - Market Research Report Indian Scenario of Bottled Water Market The demand for bottled water in India is primarily due to a lack of safe drinking water due to an enormous increase in the population, inflow of foreign students and visitors, poor quality of tap water, and the ease with which bottled water can be obtained, as well as a rise in health awareness. Since the government has failed to provide safe drinking water in all areas, private players have stepped in to fill the void while also establishing a thriving market. The best mineral water companies in India are concentrating on increasing market share through effective marketing strategies and appealing packaging. The market was worth Rs 160 billion in 2018, and it is projected to expand at a CAGR of 20.75 percent annually until 2023, when it will be worth Rs 403.06 billion. In 2018, the 1L bottle took 42 percent of the market share, followed by 500 ml bottles and 250 ml bottles. The demand is expected to hit 35.53 billion litres by 2023, rising at an annual rate of 18.25% from 2018 to 2023. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Global Scenario of Bottled Water Market The global bottled water market is exploding as people become more aware of the value of healthy drinking water for good health. Certain diseases, such as fluorosis, malaria, typhoid, diarrhoea, and viral fever, drive the sector. Even the taste of bottled water is contributing to the market's growing demand. In 2018, the global bottled water market was valued at $250 billion, with a forecast of $350 billion by 2021. Nestle, Hangzhou Wahaha Group Co. Ltd, Danone, Coca-Cola, and PepsiCo are some of the market's major players, with retail accounting for the majority of water bottle sales. The global bottled water market was worth about $238 billion in 2017 and is projected to hit $349 billion in 2021, expanding at a CAGR of 9.99 percent between 2017 and 2021. In terms of volume, the demand is forecast to be 437 billion liters in 2017 and 623 billion liters in 2021, with a CAGR of 927 percent between 2017 and 2021. Few Major Players: • Allen Industries Ltd. • Bhagyalaxmi Mineral Water Pvt. Ltd. • Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd. • Cans & Closures Ltd. • Chouksey Agro Pvt. Ltd. • Garden Polymers Pvt. Ltd. • Geo Thermal Water Ltd. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/PACKAGED%20DRINKING%20WATER%20WITH%20PET%20BOTTLES
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Start a Manufacturing Unit of Solar Panel. The Renewable-Energy Business is Expected to Keep High Growth.

Solar panels are solar panels that capture the sun's rays and convert them to power or heat. Solar panels are made up of solar (or photovoltaic) cells that can be used to generate power via the photovoltaic effect. On the surface of solar panels, these cells are organized in a grid-like arrangement. As a result, it can alternatively be described as a collection of photovoltaic modules put on a supporting framework. A photovoltaic (PV) module is a 610 solar cell packaged and linked assembly. Because solar panels are made up of microscopic photovoltaic cells that are linked together, PV stands for "photovoltaic." Semiconducting material is used to make PV cells. — With silicone being the most popular. PV cells are typically small, but when combined to make solar panels and arrays, they can be extremely efficient. Related Projects: Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Geothermal, Biomass, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy Projects An electric field is formed when the sun shines on the cells. Electric energy is produced in proportion to the strength of the sun. Despite this, the cells do not require direct sunlight to function and may create electricity. PV panels can be divided into three categories: household solar pv panels, commercial solar pv panels, and industrial solar pv panels. 1. PV panels using monocrystalline crystals 2. PV panels made of polycrystalline crystals 3. Thin-film photovoltaic panels Uses of Solar Panel: Solar panels (also known as "PV panels") convert sunlight, which is made up of energy-bearing particles known as "photons," into electricity that may be utilized to power electrical loads. Solar panels can be used for a variety of purposes, including remote power systems for cabins, as well as a range of other things. Telecommunications equipment, remote sensing, and, of course, the production of electricity by solar electric systems for personal and commercial use. Photovoltaic modules employ the photovoltaic effect to create electricity from light energy (photons) from the Sun. Wafer-based crystalline silicon cells or thin-film cells are used in the majority of modules. Related Videos: Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy The top layer or the back layer of a module can be the structural (load-bearing) member. Mechanical and moisture damage to cells must be avoided. The majority of modules are rigid, but thin-film cells-based semi-flexible modules are also available. Photovoltaic panels It is possible to generate electricity. This procedure can be carried out on a small or large scale. When it comes to powering your home, a domestic solar power system can help. Solar panels are used to give electricity to the people on a large scale. Engineers in this example erect a big solar array to create a solar power station. Manufacturing Process: 1. Cell Cutting: Cells are carved out using a laser cutting machine. The size of a cell is governed by the wattage that the panels require. This step is avoided for modules with a full cell size. 2. Stringing Procedure: The stringing process is totally automated. The upper (Blue/Black) Sun-facing side is negative, whereas the lower (White) side is positive. 3. Solar Glass: After the cells are strung together, the machine transfers them to tempered glass with an ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) encapsulation layer. 4. Visual Inspection: A technician examines the cells for any faults or errors in the strings. 5. Taping: A technician tapes the cells into a matrix alignment during taping. 6. Soldering: After that, the connections are soldered together. Any extra material is removed. 7. Insulate Module Connections: The next step is to use a back sheet and EVA encapsulation to insulate the connections. This procedure safeguards the module against dust and moisture. 8. Mirror Inspection: The module is visually inspected once more for dust particles, color mismatches, and other issues. 9. EI Testing: EI Testing, also known as Electroluminescence Testing, is the actual testing of the module. It's a kind of scanning technique in which the module is scanned in an EI machine. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles 10. Lamination: The module is laminated at a temperature of 140 degrees Celsius. This procedure takes about 20 minutes. After lamination, the modules are allowed to cool for 10-15 minutes until they reach room temperature. 11. Trimming the Back Sheet: To manufacture correctly shaped modules, this step entails cutting off the surplus material from the back sheet. 12. Frame Cutting: Frames of various widths are carved out for bordering the panels in this stage. 13. Punching Holes in the Frames: Holes are punched in the frames for mounting and grounding the panels. 14. Filling/Framing with Sealant: A sealant protects the panels from air, dust, and moisture while also assisting the module's secure attachment to the frame. After the frame has been mounted to the module, it is sent back to the framing machine to be punched to ensure that it is permanently attached to the frame. 15. Attaching the Junction Box: A junction box is fastened to the module using sealant to keep it firmly in place. The connections are then soldered and let to cure for 10-12 hours, ensuring that the structures are completely dry and correctly bonded. 16. Wipe Outside the Module: The module is wiped outside to remove any dust, foreign particles, or excess sealant. 17. Module Testing: The module is attached in order to examine the output current, voltage, and power, among other things. For each module's output data, a report is generated. For the benefit of the users, a black label (with full details) is pasted behind the module. 18. Packing: This is the last phase in the module production process, after Final Quality Assurance (FQA), when the modules are safely packed into huge boxes for shipping and storage. Market Outlook: The global market for solar PV panels was estimated at USD 115.2 billion in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.3 percent expected from 2020 to 2027. Increased environmental degradation and government incentives and tax refunds to install solar panels are driving the growth of the solar energy business. Furthermore, the reduced water footprint of solar energy systems has boosted their demand in the power generation sector. The market for solar cells has grown significantly as a result of an increase in rooftop installations, followed by an increase in architectural applications. Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES The solar panel market will be driven by rising electricity prices combined with lower-cost solar panels. Rising demand for solar panels in the residential rooftop solar industry, as well as cheap prices for polysilicon and silver used in solar cell manufacture, will help the market accelerate in the coming years. Furthermore, the falling cost of solar panels has prompted governments in a number of countries to take more initiatives and provide subsidies, which is projected to aid the growth of the residential solar panel market. Renewable Energy Industry in India: In the early 1980s, India became the first country in the world to establish a ministry of non-conventional energy resources (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)), and the Solar Energy Corporation of India, one of its public sector organizations, is responsible for the development of the solar energy industry in India. India is one of the countries that produces a significant amount of renewable energy. As of November 27, 2020, renewable energy sources account for 38% of India's installed electricity producing capacity (136 GW out of 373 GW). India's renewable energy business is the world's fourth most appealing renewable energy market. Market Research: - Market Research Report India came in fifth place in wind power, fifth place in solar power, and fourth place in renewable energy. This is the world's greatest renewable energy expansion strategy. Renewable power generation capacity has grown at a rapid pace in recent years, with a CAGR of 17.33% from FY16 to FY20. The sector has grown more appealing to investors as a result of increasing government assistance and improved economics. The country has set a lofty goal of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by the end of 2022, with the goal of increasing to 450 GW by 2030. Renewable energy will play an essential part as India attempts to fulfill its own energy demand, which is anticipated to reach 15,820 TWh by 2040. Key Players: 1. A M P L Cleantech Pvt. Ltd. 2. Aatash Power Pvt. Ltd. 3. Brightsolar Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd. 4. Cial Infrastructures Ltd. 5. Cleansolar Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd. 6. Dhursar Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. 7. Divine Solren Pvt. Ltd. 8. Ind Renewable Energy Ltd. 9. Indira Power Pvt. Ltd. #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #SolarPanel #SolarPanelMarket #SolarEnergy #SolarPanelIndustry #SolarCellManufacturing #SolarSector #SolarMarket #RenewableEnergy #solarEnergyBusiness #photovoltaicsystems
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Profitable Industry of Medical Disposables (Gowns & Drapes)

Surgical gowns must be resistant to illnesses and infections while also allowing for reasonable mobility. They must allow for essential mobility while avoiding rubbing and chafing, and they must also be resistant to tearing and lining. They should be snug but not constrictive. The gowns must withstand constant pulls on the fabric during ordinary movements because there is usually surplus fabric. Because hospitals will only store a limited number of gowns, they must be made to fit a variety of body types and sizes with a limited range of sizes. The gowns must help preserve the sterile zone essential for patient safety by controlling microorganisms introduced into the theatre. They must allow for easy donning and doffing without contamination while avoiding any gaps that could allow the barrier to be breached. Gowns must be long-lasting enough to last the garment's intended use life, whether single or multi-use. They should repel fluids while ventilating the surgeon's high body temperature. A surgical drape is a non-woven covering made of disposable material that is used to cover a patient's region. A fenestration (an aperture) in a drape allows the surgeon to execute the procedure. It is available in a variety of sizes, depending on the sort of operation. Drapes differ from one hospital to the next. Surgical drapes are used to keep the operating room clean and bacteria-free. To do this, the adhesive tape must adhere firmly to both the drape material and the patient's skin; its performance cannot be harmed by the method used to sterilise the drape or jeopardised by pre-operation cleaning treatments. The global medical disposable market is predicted to increase at a CAGR of 7% to USD 160 billion by 2023, up from USD 114 million in 2018. Some of the primary factors driving the growth of the global disposable medical market include an increase in hospital visits, an increase in incidences of hospital acquired illnesses, and an increase in patient awareness. The market for surgical drapes and gowns has been divided into three categories: kind, usage pattern, and end user. Surgical drapes and gowns are divided into two types: surgical drapes and surgical gowns. The surgical drapes sector is predicted to be the market's highest share segment. The surgical drapes and gowns market is divided into disposable surgical drapes and gowns and reusable surgical drapes and gowns based on usage patterns. The surgical drapes and gowns market is divided into hospitals, ambulatory surgery centres, and others based on the end user. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian major players 1. Primewear Hygine (India) Product Ltd. 2. Raaj Medisafe India Ltd. 3. Surgeine Healthcare (India) Pvt. Ltd. 4. Vikram Nuvotech India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Medical Gowns: 1,250 Pcs per Day Medical Drapes: 1,250 Pcs per DayPlant & machinery: 209 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 529 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 55.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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