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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas in Ghana, West Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

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Start Lovastatin Production business(from Dextrose, Peptone Powder, Sugar & Soyabean)

Lovastatin is a medicine that helps to prevent strokes and heart attacks by lowering harmful cholesterol and lipids. Lovastatin is a statin medicine that reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke by lowering bad cholesterol and fats like LDL and triglycerides while retaining good cholesterol in the blood. Lovastatin is a methoxylated carbobicyclic framework fatty acid ester of mevastatin. It's an anticholesteremic medication found in fungus species including Aspergillus terreus and Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster mushroom). Lovastatin is an anti-hypercholesterolemic medication that decreases blood cholesterol levels. Lovastatin inhibits the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, which lowers cholesterol synthesis. As a secondary metabolite, lovastatin is produced commercially by several filamentous fungi, notably Aspergillus terreus. Chemical synthesis is more expensive than fermentation-based lovastatin manufacturing. Lovastatin has recently been identified as a possible therapeutic drug for a number of tumours, as well as for influencing the inflammatory and immunological response, coagulation, bone turnover, neovascularization, vascular tone, and arterial pressure. In people who have or are at risk of developing heart disease, lovastatin is taken in conjunction with diet, weight loss, and exercise to lower the risk of heart attack and stroke, as well as the necessity for heart surgery. Lovastatin is also used to lower blood levels of cholesterol (a fat-like molecule) and other fatty compounds. HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, such as lovastatin, are a class of drug that prevents HMG CoA reductase from working (statins). It works by reducing the amount of cholesterol that can build up on the walls of arteries and obstruct blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs by decreasing cholesterol production in the body. Biomedical Applications of Lovastatin Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a type of heart disease that affects the arteries that provide blood to the heart (CHD) Because of their well-known efficacy and safety profile, statins are the drug of choice for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, and they can also have antiatherosclerotic effects in addition to their hypolipidemic activity. Inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase has pleiotropic effects because lovastatin metabolism produces a range of isoprenoids that are important for a variety of cellular processes, from cholesterol production to cell proliferation and differentiation regulation. Actions to Lower Cholesterol Statins function by blocking an enzyme involved in cholesterol synthesis, which occurs primarily in the liver. In the presence of the enzyme HMG CoA reductase, 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl coenzyme A is converted to mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol. Lovastatin is a hydrophobic ring structure covalently bonded to a substrate analogue that inhibits cholesterol synthesis by binding to the reductase enzyme. Statins operate by preventing cholesterol synthesis from reaching its rate-limiting stage. Alzheimer's disease medications (AD) In patients with hypercholesterolemia, lovastatin has been shown to lessen the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Many of the recognised risk factors for Alzheimer's disease have been linked to cholesterol metabolism. Higher doses of lovastatin, a cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitor that prevents the creation of mevalonate, appear to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Renal disease is treated with lovastatin. Patients with increasing renal illness have profited from the significant breakthroughs. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors may protect against glomerulonephritis, a kidney condition marked by inflammation and/or increased epithelial cell proliferation. Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs on a Global Scale The market is expected to rise between 2021 and 2026, owing to the growing geriatric population. The rise of the cholesterol-lowering medicine market is predicted to be fueled by the introduction of new pharmaceutical classes, changes in lifestyles, a lack of exercise, and an increase in saturated and trans-fat intake. Furthermore, increased smoking and alcohol consumption increases the risk of high cholesterol, which propels market expansion. Between 2015 and 2020, the global Lovastatin market grew at a moderate rate. Between 2021 and 2026, the market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 3.5 percent. Cancer and Lovastatin Inhibition of Ras farnesylation by lovastatin is linked to decreased proliferation and migration in primary cultures of human glioblastoma cells. As a result, lovastatin stopped cancer cells from multiplying. Lovastatin is a medication that is used to treat bone fragments. One of the most recent trends is the usage of lovastatin to treat bone fractures. Lovastatin improves bone production in vitro and in vivo, as well as biomechanical strength of murine long bones with healing fractures, whether administered in large doses or via extended infusions. Due to rising demand for statin drugs, the worldwide Cholesterol Lowering Medications Market is estimated to rise during the forecast period. Based on medicine class, the cholesterol-lowering pharmaceuticals sector is classified into statins and combinations, as well as others. Because of its improved effectiveness and lower costs, this pharmaceutical class is likely to dominate during the projection period. A major portion of the market is expected to come from the Asia Pacific region. This is due to a growth in healthcare knowledge, research, and government activities in the healthcare industry, all of which are contributing to the creation of jobs in the region. Industry Major Market Players • AstraZeneca • Pfizer Inc. • Novartis AG • AbbVie Inc. • Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd. • Sanofi • Merck & Co. • Amgen Inc. • Dr. Reddy’s • Abbott Laboratories, • GlaxoSmithKline, • Novartis
Plant capacity: 240 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 12 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 27 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Start Quartz Slabs Manufacturing Business

Because quartz is one of the most abundant and hardest minerals on the planet, it's "hardly" surprising that manufacturers recognised its great potential as a surface material more than 50 years ago. Since then, quartz countertops have grown in popularity as homeowners have discovered what the early quartz pioneers already knew: when the natural mineral quartz is improved via man's ingenuity, quartz worktops can compete with other natural stone counters in every way. Engineered quartz (not to be confused with Quartzite, a popular natural stone for countertops) is a man-made product made mostly of natural materials. It is made out of nonporous, durable slabs made up of 90 to 94 percent powdered quartz and 6 to 10% resins and colours. Quartz's natural resilience to abrasion, scratches, dents, and even acids eliminates the need for sealants, even in its manufactured form. Quartz is a plentiful resource, and the finished product is nontoxic and nonallergenic, as well as lasting a lifetime, obviating the need for replacement. Quartz countertops became popular in Italy almost immediately, and they have remained so in European kitchens for decades. In the United States, the trend took longer to catch on, which could be explained in a number of ways: Trends and fashions from other countries can take a long time to reach the United States, or American homeowners may have been content with their current options at the time (laminate was the most popular surface in the 1960s and 1970s) and were hesitant to embrace a material that looked so similar to widely available natural stone options like granite, marble, and limestone. (Any of these three natural stones can be made to seem like quartz countertops.) • One of the most durable materials known to man is quartz. Quartz countertops outlast granite and are more versatile. • Quartz is extremely durable because to its natural strength, which makes dealing with them during the construction and installation process much easier. • Quartz surfacing is non-porous and does not require sealing; nevertheless, don't confuse "durable" with "indestructible"—there is no such thing as an indestructible substance. A non-porous material is helpful because it prevents bacteria and other germs from forming in nooks and crannies. • Quartz countertops are stain-resistant, so a glass of wine dropped on them can be cleaned with a damp towel (not that you'll be spilling any wine, right?). • Quartz comes in a variety of colours. What you see in the showroom or on a sample in your home may be what you get. Electrical equipment such as quartz clocks and radios use piezoelectric quartz crystal structures as oscillators. Lightning strikes in sand form Lechatelierite, an amorphous (glass) SiO2 that varies from impure window glass. Quartz is exceptionally resistant to mechanical and chemical deterioration. At surface temperatures and pressures, ordinary quartz is the most stable kind of silicon dioxide. It is the most frequent mineral on mountaintops and the main component of beach, river, and desert sand due to its toughness. India produces 2.5 percent of the world's quartz slabs and has gained international recognition for its slabs. In 2010-11, the industry (organised sector) employed 16 organised and about 200 SSI units, resulting in a total output of 391 million square metres, up 15% from 2009-10. The industry had a 17 percent increase in production in the first half of 2011-12 compared to the same period the previous year. India is on the verge of tremendous urbanisation in the coming decades. By 2050, India's urban population is expected to be approximately 81 crore, with over one crore people moving to cities. The socioeconomic diversity of India's population is reflected in the country's housing. Due to demographic changes, higher income, an increase in the share of nuclear families, and urbanisation, the housing sector in the country has grown rapidly in the last decade. During the recent decade, quartz surfacing, particularly for countertops, has grown in popularity. Customers seeking a long-lasting and consistent aesthetic can turn to quartz surfacing products as an alternative to natural stone or other surfacing materials. As a result of its increased popularity, quartz surfacing producers are expanding their offers, giving solutions for both clients and the design community. With a 4.9 percent annual growth rate from 2018 to 2025, the worldwide kitchen countertop quartz market is predicted to reach US$ 135.47 billion by the end of 2025, up from US$ 92.93 billion in 2017. The residential sector is anticipated to be worth over US$ 40,900 million in 2026. From 2017 to 2026, this amounts to a 4.6 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR). The residential category is expected to lose market share by the end of 2026. Residential was anticipated to account for more than a quarter of the revenue share of the end use industries category by 2017. Industry Major Market Players • AGC Inc. • Baba Quartz • BITTO • Caesarstone • Cimstone • Compac • Cosentino • CXUN • Dupont • Fletcher Building • Gelandi • Hanwha • Jiangsu Pacific Quartz Co. Ltd • LG • LOTTE • NIHON DEMPA KOGYO CO., LTD. • Polystone • Quantra • Sibelco • Sinostone • The Quartz Corporation • Wanfeng
Plant capacity: 250 Nos. per dayPlant & machinery: 16 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 32 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Business Plan for Setting up Automated Vehicle Scrapping and Recycling Unit

The deconstruction of automobiles for spare parts is known as vehicle recycling. Vehicles have value as a source of replacement components as they reach the end of their useful lives, which has given rise to the car dismantling industry. Commercial outlets in the business are often referred to as "wrecking yards," "auto dismantling yards," "vehicle replacement parts providers," and, more recently, "auto or vehicle recycling." Vehicle recycling has been a part of the process for a long time, but manufacturers have been more active in recent years. Before transferring a discarded car to a steel mill, a crusher is typically used to reduce its size. End-of-life automobiles are scrapped in a hazardous manner in India's vehicle scrap recycling business, and scrap metals, as well as various recovered and reconditioned pieces, are sold. There are now no standards in place to regulate these marketplaces or account for the scrap collected, necessitating a government strategy that recognises scrap generation from auto recycling as a long-term, environmentally benign sector. It is only necessary to mention the National Green Tribunal's (NGT) current attempts to press for the ban of outdated diesel and gasoline vehicles when addressing government policy for ELVs. In November 2014, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in Delhi imposed a ban on all automobiles older than 15 years. Kerala, Bihar, and, most recently, Chhattisgarh have all rendered driving petrol and diesel vehicles older than ten years illegal. While a statewide ban on polluting automobiles is being challenged, a hearing has been set for July 11th, showing that the government's efforts in this area are moving forward. Automobile recycling, as a result, is critical. It's also critical to handle them correctly to avoid releasing dangerous waste into the environment. Professionals who are knowledgeable with hazardous compounds such as fuel, coolants, and brake fluids must dispose of such cars. Steel is an important material in vehicle construction because it makes up the majority of the components, including the structure. Because iron ores are needed for steel manufacture, recycling autos helps to keep iron ores in the ground. All trash generated as a by-product of steel processing is also avoided, ensuring that air pollution is kept to a minimum. Landfill garbage is also becoming more of a problem. It is possible to limit the amount of waste present and ensure that fewer harmful chemicals leach into groundwater and permanently damage the soil by using recycling vehicles. Another thing to consider is how proper car recycling can aid in the preservation of local flora and animals. Steel mining is harmful to the environment because it causes soil erosion and degradation. As a result, animals are unable to maintain their usual routines and may develop ill as a result. Land erosion causes debris to flow into bodies of water, affecting water quality and the proliferation of species. In India, what is the scope of vehicle recycling? India, being the world's third-largest steel producer, offers enormous potential for vehicle recycling. Because it is mostly unorganised, auto recycling in India can provide a variety of benefits to the country, ranging from a boost to the automotive sector to fuel savings and job creation. The recycling business is placing a significant wager on the government's efforts. It is expected to produce business of USD 2.9 billion (roughly INR 190 billion) at first, based on 25% (7 million vehicles) of all automobiles that might be thrown. In the future years, these figures are likely to rise. Market Predictions: In 2020, the worldwide car recycling market is expected to be worth $20.6 billion. Between 2021 and 2026, the market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 5.1 percent. The process of dismantling automobiles in order to recover and recycle spare parts, fuel, and scrap metals is known as vehicle recycling. Magnetic parts, sheet metals, seats, wheels, and other components are recovered through disassembling, crushing, shredding, and material recovery techniques. Non-ferrous metals are separated from other materials using laser, infrared, eddy current, and flotation separation methods, which are subsequently transported for re-smelting. The fluids are drained and saved for subsequent use, while the reusable parts are cleaned, tested, and refurbished for resale. One of the primary factors driving the market's progress is the rise of industrialization and urbanisation around the world. Another element driving growth is the growing use of metal scrap, particularly steel, in the manufacturing of more inexpensive, lightweight, and fuel-efficient vehicles. Market growth is further aided by increased consumer awareness of the environmental benefits of recycling materials and reduced reliance on natural resources. Automotive recyclers employ advanced technologies and processes to remove polymers, fluids, and natural components from used vehicles with little environmental impact. They recognise small metal particles in scrap using a variety of new technology, such as optical sensors. In the coming years, the market is expected to be driven by the use of recycled batteries in consumer electronics manufacturing, as well as the implementation of government policies to reduce environmental risks associated with the disposal of batteries, rubber, lubricants, and other materials.
Plant capacity: Spare Parts:188 Units/Day Waste Oil:225 Units/Day Waste Tyre:1,125 Units/Day Engines:25 Units/Day Steel Scrap :30,000 Units/Day Rubber Scrap:100 Units/Day Alloy Wheel:125 Units/Day Battery:750 Units/DayPlant & machinery: 3 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:25 Cr
Return: 30.00%Break even: 40.00%
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How to Start Surgical Cotton Manufacturing Business

In certain circumstances, surgical cotton is referred to as "cotton wool" or "absorbent cotton." Cotton that has been cleansed, de-oiled, and bleached is packed in various sizes as surgical/absorbent cotton. Because surgical/absorbent cotton comes into close touch with the human body, it must be of the highest quality and adhere to all pharmaceutical laws. As a raw material, virgin cotton or waste cotton can be used. When it comes to waste cotton, comber waste cotton is preferred. Surgical/absorbent cotton fibres are highly elastic. It is made up of 98 percent cellulose and has a diameter of 16.30 mm and a length of 12-40 mm. "Surgical Cotton" or "Cotton Wool" is made from carded cotton fibres. To produce a stunning white colour, it is softened and bleached. It's conceivable that the absorbent cotton has been sterilised and is a shade of white. The material should be of consistent quality and offer adequate resistance when pulled. The average length of a staple in absorbent cotton is 1.5 cm. The moniker "absorbent cotton" comes from how quickly it absorbs water. It should be soft to provide the best protection against wound irritation. Surgical cotton is widely used for medical purposes in hospitals, clinics, health centres, and pharmacies. It's also utilised in beauty salons, businesses, and homes for a multitude of functions. Cotton that is surgical or absorbent is used for sanitary purposes, surgical procedures, and everyday use. It is most commonly required by women during their monthly menstrual period. It's utilised for more than just dressing; it's also used to cushion clothing, comforters, and other objects. Medical absorbent cotton, also known as surgical absorbent cotton or cotton wool, is a type of absorbent cotton used in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, dispensaries, and even at home (for first-aid purposes). Before being hermetically packed in various sizes, medical absorbent cotton has been washed, de-oiled, and bleached. Because medical absorbent cotton comes into direct touch with the human body, it must meet stringent quality requirements. In addition to washing, padding, and packing, medical absorbent cotton is used to make typical sanitary napkins or pads, as well as a variety of medical reasons and uses. It's also utilised in pharmacies, barbershops, beauty salons, businesses, and households for a multitude of functions. Nearly all absorbent cotton demand is currently met by imports. The need for absorbent cotton is inextricably related to the country's health-care development and expansion. To boost coverage, the federal and state governments have prioritised the expansion of health facilities. Demand for absorbent cotton is expected to increase by 10% per year as a result of population growth and increased attention from the federal and regional governments. Population growth, as well as the expansion of public health and related healthcare services, are all factors that influence medical absorbent cotton demand. Medical absorbent cotton is in high demand in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and other facilities, and demand is consistent throughout the year. A growth in the prevalence of chronic diseases, procedures, and therapies, as well as wound dressings and other wound care products. The global market for medial absorbent cotton is expected to expand in the future. North America leads the global medical absorbent cotton market in terms of revenue, followed by Europe and Asia Pacific. The global medical absorbent cotton market is predicted to be driven by growth in the healthcare sector, which will be accompanied by an increase in the number of hospitals and clinics, as well as geographic expansion by companies in the pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and sanitary goods industries. Industry Major Market Players • Anhui Ankang Health Materials • Boen Healthcare • Forlong Medical • Hunan Fuerkang Medical Materials • Secured Medical Direction UK • Livingstone
Plant capacity: 1000 Kgs. per dayPlant & machinery: 358 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 568 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Project Profile on Sodium Hypochlorite Manufacturing

Sodium hypochlorite is the active ingredient in chlorine bleach, a potent oxidant and bleaching agent (NaClO). Population growth is to blame for the majority of the increase in home bleach use. Water treatment is the most prevalent and fastest-growing application for bleach, owing to population development and accompanying increases in water consumption, as well as limited fresh water resources. The production of sodium hypochlorite chemicals is a well-established commercial technique, and the same approach is employed in chlor-alkali facilities to reduce chlorine emissions. Bleach (Sodium hypochlorite) is a chemical that can be found in nature and is used to whiten garments. The oxidation process, which requires the introduction of oxygen molecules into a chemical, is how bleach works. When bleach is introduced, a stain is merely a chemical composition that breaks down into smaller bits, allowing it to detach from the fabric. Chemic, or sodium hypo chlorite, was first used to bleach linen in the textile industry. When cotton became popular, it was bleached with hypochlorite as well. Hypochlorite is still used for certain bleaching in the United States, but it is more commonly utilised in Europe. In a continuous operation at 40–50°C for 0.25–0.5 h, approximately 2.5–5 gm/lit of accessible chlorine is used. The hypochlorite treatment is followed by an antichlor treatment (Sodium Bisulfite, Sulfur dioxide, or hydrogen peroxide) to prevent colour reversal (formation of chloramines). Bleaching with hypochlorite results in a brighter white, but it demands much more careful supervision. Liquid bleach, often known as soda bleach liquor in the paper and textile industries, is the most widely used of all chlorinated bleaches. Around 150 tonnes of available chlorine as liquid bleach is used for home and laundry beaching every day in the United States. Other applications include chemical processing (e.g., chlorhydrination), textile bleaching, water treatment, and general disinfection. The chlorine level of commercial liquid bleach is typically 12 to 15% accessible chlorine. Carboys, rubber-lined drums, and crucks are also available. Liquid bleach solution with 3 to 514 percent accessible chlorine packed in brown or amber glass bottles for use in the home, laundry, and sanitising accounts for the majority of the domestic bleach trade. In recent years, the 5 or 514 percent product has gained popularity. As a result of expanding urbanisation and industrialization, particularly in emerging nations such as China and India, demand for sodium hypochlorite in the wastewater chemical treatment industry has expanded drastically, contributing significantly to the sodium hypochlorite market expansion. In the coming years, exponentially expanding bleach demand from the textile and pulp and paper industries is predicted to boost the sodium hypochlorite market. During this time, the sodium hypochlorite market is expected to expand due to increased demand for the chemical in the medical industry for sanitising surgical tools and hospital facilities. Because of its application in wastewater treatment, household cleaning products, textiles, and the chemical sector, the market for sodium hypochlorite is estimated to reach USD 205 million in 2020, with a CAGR of roughly 5.5 percent between 2022 and 2027. The market is expected to grow as sodium hypochlorite becomes more popular as a bleach and disinfectant in water treatment and household hygiene products. Sodium hypochlorite has been commonly used in textile finishing for over two centuries. Preshrinking wool with sodium hypochlorite is currently a common practise in the textile industry. In former applications such as cotton whitening, stonewashing jeans, and coloured textile decolorization, other chemicals have mostly replaced sodium hypochlorite. The bleaching effluent, on the other hand, is subjected to a sulphite-based dichlorination process after use, resulting in a final discharge free of oxidative chlorine. Due to increased demand for the product from the water treatment chemical sector, the market is growing. Because it has the potential to kill illnesses such as bacteria and fungi, chlorine is a key component of disinfectants. This product's applications include water and sewage purification and treatment, swimming pools, households, hospitals, schools, drinking water, and surgical equipment. Furthermore, adequate and ongoing disinfection of public bathrooms, office spaces, outdoor areas, public complexes, and malls has resulted in a substantial demand for this product as a result of higher hygiene standards among customers. Industry Major Market Players • Advance Chemicals • The Clorox Company • Hawkins • ICL • Kemira • Occidental Petroleum Corporation • Odyssey Manufacturing • Olin Corporation • PCC Group • Vynova Group
Plant capacity: 4500 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 55 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 214 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Ethyl Acetate Production Business

The molecule ethyl acetate (also known as EtOAc or EA) is a colourless organic ester with the formula C4H8O2 (usually written as EtOAc or EA). It is frequently used as a cleaning, paint removal, and coatings solvent since it is significantly miscible with all common organic solvents (alcohols, ketones, glycols, esters). Alcoholic beverages, cereal crops, radishes, fruit juices, beer, wine, and spirits all contain ethyl acetate. It has a fruity flavour and is found in glues, nail paint removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes. This chemical is widely utilised and manufactured on a huge scale all over the world due to its pleasant fragrance and low cost. The chemical industry, for example, uses ethyl acetate and other solvents in a variety of industrial operations. Solvent demand is always on the rise due to its vast range of applications. The importance of so-called "green chemistry" (non-toxic chemicals for the environment and living beings) is becoming more apparent as rules on dangerous pollutant emissions from manufacturing processes become more stringent. As a result, common solvents must have a lower impact on human health and the environment. Ethyl acetate has a low toxicity level and is also biodegradable. The market demand for this "green chemistry" product has soared as a result of these benefits. Sustainable development and solid engineering practise are driven by decreased energy and utility consumption, as well as lower waste output and a closed-cycle economy. It's an important ingredient in antibiotic concentration and purification extractants, as well as an intermediary in the production of many medications and an excellent industrial solvent. Adhesives, cleaning fluids, nail polish removers, silk coated papers, explosives, synthetic leather, photographic films, and plates all include this solvent. Other uses for ethyl acetate include synthetic fruit essences, flavours, and scents. It can be used as a reference material for chromatography and analytical reagents, as well as a solvent. Because of its inexpensive cost, low toxicity, and pleasant odour, ethyl acetate is extensively employed as a solvent and diluent. It's commonly used to clean circuit boards and in a range of nail polish removers, for example (acetone and acetonitrile are also used). This solvent is used to decaffeinate coffee beans and tea leaves. It's also employed as an activator or hardener in paints. Confectionery, perfumes, and fruits all contain ethyl acetate. It evaporates swiftly in scents, leaving only the perfume's scent on the skin. Ethyl acetate is used to make epoxies, urethanes, cellulosics, acrylics, and vinyls, to name a few. Nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate lacquers, varnishes and shellacs for wood furniture and fittings, auto refinishing, ceramic ornamentation, and architectural coatings for interiors and exteriors, to name a few applications, all use these coatings. It's used in adhesives, spread-coating chemicals for imitation leather, and cleaning goods (paint solvents or thinners). In catalysed lacquers, ethyl acetate can be employed to dissolve the isocyanate component. The molecule ethyl acetate (also known as EtOAc or EA) is a colourless organic ester with the formula C4H8O2 (usually written as EtOAc or EA). It is frequently used as a cleaning, paint removal, and coatings solvent since it is significantly miscible with all common organic solvents (alcohols, ketones, glycols, esters). Alcoholic beverages, cereal crops, radishes, fruit juices, beer, wine, and spirits all contain ethyl acetate. It has a fruity flavour and is found in glues, nail paint removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes. This chemical is widely utilised and manufactured on a huge scale all over the world due to its pleasant fragrance and low cost. The chemical industry, for example, uses ethyl acetate and other solvents in a variety of industrial operations. Solvent demand is always on the rise due to its vast range of applications. The importance of so-called "green chemistry" (non-toxic chemicals for the environment and living beings) is becoming more apparent as rules on dangerous pollutant emissions from manufacturing processes become more stringent. As a result, common solvents must have a lower impact on human health and the environment. Ethyl acetate has a low toxicity level and is also biodegradable. The market demand for this "green chemistry" product has soared as a result of these benefits. Sustainable development and solid engineering practise are driven by decreased energy and utility consumption, as well as lower waste output and a closed-cycle economy. It's an important ingredient in antibiotic concentration and purification extractants, as well as an intermediary in the production of many medications and an excellent industrial solvent. Adhesives, cleaning fluids, nail polish removers, silk coated papers, explosives, synthetic leather, photographic films, and plates all include this solvent. Other uses for ethyl acetate include synthetic fruit essences, flavours, and scents. It can be used as a reference material for chromatography and analytical reagents, as well as a solvent. Because of its inexpensive cost, low toxicity, and pleasant odour, ethyl acetate is extensively employed as a solvent and diluent. Nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate lacquers, varnishes and shellacs for wood furniture and fittings, auto refinishing, ceramic ornamentation, and architectural coatings for interiors and exteriors, to name a few applications, all use these coatings. It's used in adhesives, spread-coating chemicals for imitation leather, and cleaning goods (paint solvents or thinners). In catalysed lacquers, ethyl acetate can be employed to dissolve the isocyanate component. It's commonly used to clean circuit boards and in a range of nail polish removers, for example (acetone and acetonitrile are also used). This solvent is used to decaffeinate coffee beans and tea leaves. It's also employed as an activator or hardener in paints. Confectionery, perfumes, and fruits all contain ethyl acetate. It evaporates swiftly in scents, leaving only the perfume's scent on the skin. Ethyl acetate is used to make epoxies, urethanes, cellulosics, acrylics, and vinyls, to name a few. Industry Major Market Players • INEOS (UK) • Celanese (US) • Eastman Chemical (US) • Jiangsu Sopo (China) • Jiangmen Handsome (China) • Wuxi Baichuan (China) • Jubilant (India) • GODAVARI BIOREFINERIES LTD. (India) • Sekab (Sweden) • Korea Alcohol (South Korea) • IOL Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals (India)
Plant capacity: 7200 MT Per Annum Plant & machinery: 11 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 17 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Start Production Business of Industrial Enzymes used in Textile, Poultry and Paper Pulp Industries

Enzymes are excellent catalysts because they are very selective and may be used in a number of situations. By combining the right enzymes with genetic engineering, enzyme companies have created proteins that can work in harsh process settings including those involving solvents, salts, and high temperatures. The global market for industrial enzymes is currently worth $1.8 billion per year and growing at a rate of more than 20% per year. Industrial enzymes are used in a variety of industries, such as pharmaceuticals, chemical manufacture, biofuels, food and beverage, and consumer goods. Thanks to recent advancements, biocatalysis employing isolated enzymes is currently considered more cost-effective than using complete cells. To extract biologically active enzymes, any living creature can be employed. Fungi account for more than half of the hundred enzymes utilised in industry, with bacteria, mammals (8 percent), and plants accounting for the rest (4 percent). The bio industrial industry in India, which is mostly made up of enzyme companies, contributes about 5% of the country's GDP and is valued at Rs. 3,950 million, with a 5.33 percent growth rate. Novozyme, India's market leader for industrial enzymes, is constructing a new R&D centre in Bengaluru. The United States, Canada, and China continue to supply India with 70% of its enzyme needs. Only Enzyme-Based Detergents At the moment, proteases and amylases are commonly used. Granulates with a dust-free inner core containing inorganic ions (e.g. NaCI) and sugars as a preservative, bound with reinforcing, carboxy methyl cellulose or similar protective colloid. This core is subsequently covered with inert waxy materials like paraffin oil or polyethylene glycol, as well as different hydrophilic binders, which are washed away. Enzymes' Function in the Dairy Industry Lactose is found at a concentration of 4.7 percent (w/v) in milk. Its presence in milk renders milk unsuitable for the vast majority of the world's adult population. Lactose has a limited solubility, which leads to crystal formation. Hydrolyzing lactose, which generates a product that is four times sweeter and considerably more soluble, can fix these problems. Lactase (ß-galactosidase) is a lactose hydrolyzer. Enzymes are used in the fruit juice, wine, brewing, and distilling industries. Because of the presence of pectins, cloudiness is a major issue in the preparation of fruit juices and wines. The majority of them are -1,4-anhydrogalacturonic acid polymers with varying degrees of methyl esterification. The Leather Industry and Enzymes One of the oldest applications of industrial enzymes is the processing of hides and skins for leather. Soaking, bating, and enzyme-assisted dehairing are presently the most common uses for protease and lipases. The enzyme demand is computed using India's growth rate, which is significantly larger than the output. Enzymes originating from fermentation sources account for about 80% of the whole market, according to a study. Bacterial alkaline proteinases were the most used enzyme in detergents. Microbial proteinases accounted for 40% of the whole market, whereas gylcosidases accounted for roughly 20%. Glucose isomerase was the most popular non-hydrolase product, accounting for 6% of the overall market. Detergents and starch make for around 30% of sales, with dairy processing accounting for the remaining 15%. The industrial enzyme market is fast growing since most enzymes are produced by microorganisms in submerged cultures employing biotechnology. Growing enzyme use in existing application areas, enzyme use in new industrial processes, strict enforcement of environmental rules, and cost savings were all major drivers of this sector's rise in India. Industrial enzymes had a market value of USD 4.61 billion in 2016, and it is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 5.8% from 2017 to 2022. Thanks to the country's booming food processing, tannery, and textile manufacturing industries, India's industrial enzymes market is predicted to approach US$ 361 million by 2020. Industrial enzymes are used in a variety of industries, including food and beverage, household care, animal feed, leather manufacturing, textile processing, pharmaceuticals, and others. Industry Major Market Players • Novozymes • BASF SE • DSM • DuPont Danisco • Associated British Foods plc • Adisseo • Novus International • Advanced Enzyme Technologies • Chr. Hansen Holding A/S • Enzyme Development Corporation • Lesaffre
Plant capacity: 300 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 633 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 959 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Rice Husk based Biodegradable Cutlery Making Plant

Early adopters of biodegradable cutlery, which has emerged as a preferred alternative to plastics, can be found all over the world. Bagasse, rice husk, coconut coir, and other plant biomass resources are being used to make environmentally friendly cutlery, tableware, and packaging products that are expected to gain prominence in the future decade. Rice husk is a surprise tough material that can resist a lot of abuse and lasts a long time. Rice husk cutlery is one of the most durable biodegradable silverware solutions, withstanding temperatures of above 100°C without harm. This reusable tableware's smooth, shiny surface is made completely of natural wax produced from rice husks. Biodegradable Biodegradable cutlery includes knives, forks, chip forks, coffee stirrers, spoons, and teaspoons. The goods, which are made of renewable resources and come from well-known brands like Plastico and Vegware, are all food-grade. Biodegradable cutlery is created from a variety of compostable and biodegradable natural materials, such as sugarcane bagasse, bamboo, paper pulp, palm leaves, agricultural waste, and other disposable materials (cornstarch-based PLA plastic is also a sustainable alternative but is not capable of breaking down on its own in normal conditions). To the nth degree, environmentally friendly: Rice husk is a greener and healthier alternative to disposable plastic cutlery because it is made from industrial waste. Rice husk cutlery is a long-lasting and reusable material that can last up to three years depending on temperature and maintenance. As a result, these flatware pieces are perfect for gatherings, fast-food establishments, and restaurants. Unlike plastic silverware, rice husk cutlery does not melt when exposed to extreme heat or cold. As a result, they will outlast the disposable plastic ones. You can even microwave them to warm them up! At picnics, vacations, and work, people may now enjoy their food without the humiliation that comes with using throwaway silverware. The biodegradable cutlery market is growing in response to rising demand for disposable and low-cost utensils in many developing economies. They've gained popularity at a variety of major gatherings, including parties, rallies, and social events. The demand for reusable spoons and plates is steadily expanding at a variety of parties and large events. Several social gatherings and huge sporting events have attempted to popularise biodegradable tableware in recent years. Exotic designs have also been released by manufacturers. As a result of these policies, the market for biodegradable flatware has exploded. According to market participants, biodegradable cutlery is also emerging as a viable cost-effective solution, as the usage of single-use plastics has drawn criticism from a variety of corners around the world. To market premium commodities like rice husk dinnerware, manufacturers in emerging economies are increasingly resorting to e-commerce. The rise of the biodegradable cutlery industry has been aided by the increasing prevalence of e-commerce in various sectors of these emerging nations. In 2018, the global biodegradable cutlery market was valued USD 33.9 million, and it is expected to increase at a 5.9% CAGR from 2019 to 2025. The increased public awareness of the negative effects of non-biodegradable rubbish is predicted to enhance market growth. The government has made non-biodegradable plastic illegal, with rigorous regulations in place. Government initiatives to support the industry, as well as increased public awareness of the dangers of non-biodegradables, are likely to fuel growth.
Plant capacity: Biodegradable Cutlery (Per Set 6 Pcs. Flatware): 1,852 Sets Per DayPlant & machinery: 28 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 222 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Set up NPK Complex Organic Fertilizer Plant

Fertilizers are soil additions that help plants develop more quickly. Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium are the most common nutrients in fertilisers, with other elements being added in smaller amounts. In terms of weight, macronutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) are the most significant nutrients for plants (i.e. NP-K). Ammonia is the primary source of nitrogen. Urea is the most common chemical used to make nitrogen available to plants. Superphosphate, commonly known as ammonium phosphate, is the most common type of phosphorus. Potassium is obtained from potassium muriate (Pottasium Chloride). Because it primarily contains the three necessary nutrients, synthetic macronutrient fertiliser is also known as artificial or straight fertiliser. N-P-K fertilisers that have been purposely combined with additional components are known as compound fertilisers. Fertilisers are classified based on the combination of these three variables. The crop depletes soil resources by removing a significant quantity of plant nutrients, particularly NPK nutrients, which are estimated to be 125 kg/ha/year at the current level of crop output, despite an annual input of only 75 kg. Excessive reliance on chemical fertilisers, as well as a disdain for the conservation and use of organic sources of nutrients, has resulted in soil nutrient depletion and soil health issues, making sustained gains in agricultural output difficult. 1. Organic fertiliser provides all of the nutrients required by plants, albeit in little amounts. 2. It aids in the preservation of the soil's C:N ratio while also enhancing fertility and productivity. 3. It improves the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil. 4. It improves the structure and texture of the soil. 5. It increases the water-holding capacity of the soil. 6. An increase in biological activity makes nutrients in the lower depths available to the plants. 7. It works as efficiently as possible, lowering soil moisture evaporation losses. India's principal agricultural products include pulses, wheat, rice, peanuts, potatoes, and onions. As a result of the country's ongoing population growth and rising need for food crops, the demand for fertilisers has increased. As a result of expanding urbanisation and diminishing arable land, Indian farmers are aggressively adopting fertilisers to enhance their production. Furthermore, the Indian government is pursuing measures and offering subsidies through KrishiVigyan Kendra (KVKs) to create high-quality seeds and cluster frontline demonstrations, which is driving up demand for fertilisers. The National Food Security Mission (NFSM), for example, is boosting food productivity through a number of projects. They also reduce the need for fertiliser imports, making it easier for India to create its own. Furthermore, governments are assisting farmers through a range of schemes and the introduction of new technology to manufacture better fertilisers at reduced prices, which is positively boosting market growth. During the following five years, the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.8 percent (2022-2027). Organic fertilisers are made from human waste, animal waste, and vegetable materials (usually rotten or non-consumable by humans). Naturally occurring organic fertilisers include animal waste from meat processing factories, peat, slurries, manures, and guano. Organic fertilisers are less harmful to the environment because they are made from naturally occurring materials. Because many fertilisers find their way into human diets, adopting organic fertilisers reduces the risk of sickness. Some of the most popular organic fertilisers on the market include blood meal, bone meal, composites, earthworm castings, bat guano, fish emulsion, alfalfa meal, feather meal, and rock phosphate. Once the nutritional requirements of the crop have been calculated, organic fertilisers are usually chosen. The coronavirus epidemic is wreaking havoc on Southeast Asia's fertiliser industry, disrupting fertiliser distribution both inside and between markets in the Asia-Pacific region. Malaysia has imposed a curfew, but fertiliser producing factories have been allowed to continue functioning due to their importance to the country's food supply. Industry Major Market Players • Borealis AG • Yara • Agrium Inc. • ICL • EuroChem Group AG • PhosAgro • CARBOTECNIA SL • Haifa Chemicals Ltd. • SKW Stickstoffwerke Piesteritz GmbH • J.R. Simplot Company
Plant capacity: 12 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 114 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:417 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Badminton Rackets Manufacturing Business

Badminton rackets manufacturing is a company that helps people learn to play badminton and provides them with the essential equipment. However, because beginning a Badminton Rackets manufacturing business from the ground up can be difficult, learning how to start your own Badminton Rackets manufacturing business may make sense if you are interested in this field. We'll go over some of the options for getting started. A racket, or racquet, is used to strike a shuttlecock in games such as squash, badminton, racquetball, badminton, and padel. A racket is a handled frame with an open hoop across which a network of strings is stretched firmly in its most basic form. Some rackets have a solid or perforated hitting surface instead of a network of strings. Such rackets are commonly referred to as paddles or bats. These games are collectively known as racket sports. Badminton rackets are light, with top-quality rackets weighing between 70 and 95 grammes. Modern rackets are made of carbon fibre composite (graphite reinforced plastic), which can be added with a variety of materials. Carbon fibre has a high strength-to-weight ratio, is stiff, and efficiently transfers kinetic energy. Prior to the use of carbon fibre composite, rackets were made of wood due to their enormous weight and cost. Although the game's laws regulate the size and shape of badminton rackets, there is a wide range of racket designs. Varied players choose rackets with different playing characteristics. Modern rackets increasingly include an isometric head shape, however the original oval head design is still available. Europe and the Americas have far less badminton lovers than Asia and Southeast Asia. It's very popular in the Nordic countries, especially Sweden. Indoor sports such as badminton are quite popular since the region is impacted by the region, the temperature is low, and the night is even in the winter. Badminton is a popular sport in other parts of Europe and the United States, but its financial potential is limited due to its small population base. The market will not grow much in a short period of time, despite the good development trend. The global badminton racket market was valued $580 million in 2018 and is predicted to reach $980 million by 2025, with a CAGR of 6.7 percent from 2019 to 2025. The purpose of this study is to define, segment, and predict the Badminton Racket market by company, product type, end user, and main geographic regions. Industry Major Market Players • Yonex • VICTOR • RSL • Lining • GOSEN • KAWASAKI • Carlton Sports • Wilson Sporting Goods • Babolat • Apacs Sports • COSCO India Ltd. • Silver Sports India
Plant capacity: 1000 Pcs Per Day Plant & machinery: 81 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 353 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 64.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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