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Industrial Gases Projects

Industrial gas is a group of gases that are commercially manufactured and sold for uses in other applications. The most common industrial gases are:air gases - oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2) and argon (Ar) rare gases - such as helium (He), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe) and neon (Ne) and other gases like hydrogen (H2), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) ,chlorine (Cl2), hydrogen chloride (HCl) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) ,acetylene (C2H2), methane (CH4) and propane (C3H8).

In addition, there are many different mixtures of these and other gases to meet the needs of specific applications. The industrial and medical gases industry serves a very large number of customers in the whole community. Industrial gases are essential for almost all manufacturing. Large quantities of oxygen, nitrogen and argon are used in the steel and metal industry. Shipyards and the automotive industry use acetylene, propane, mixtures of fuel gases and oxygen for cutting and welding. Liquid nitrogen is vital in recycling plastics, packaging and scrap tyres. The chemical industry employs all major industrial gases as a raw material or for inerting. The other smaller market segment consists of cylinder gas and mixtures.

In India, there are presently over 300 small & medium size plants and approximately 25 large tonnage plants all over the country. These gases are supplied through pipelines to captive customers in adjacent factories; in cryogenic transport tanks for bulk deliveries to long distance customers; or filled in cylinders.

The present annual turnover of the gas industry, excluding captive production is about Rs. 3,000 crores ($650 million). With increased industrialization, the demand pattern of industrial gases is also changing fast. Modern application in the food processing industry, agro industries, healthcare and technology are growing at a tremendous pace. This has driven the industry to adopt stringent quality control systems and an efficient distribution network.

Major players in India include BOC India, INOX Air Products Ltd., Jindal Praxair Oxygen Co. Ltd., Air Liquide India Holding P.Ltd., Aims Industries Ltd etc.

The Indian gas industry is growing at an average rate of 12 per cent per annum during the last couple of years, with the industrial oxygen growing consistently at 15-17 per cent per annum. The growth of industrial gas industry can be easily forecast on the basis of projections of the steel and other metallurgical industry. Steel demand is seen rising by 10% in the fiscal year to march 2011, helped by higher spending on infrastructure will continue to drive growth of the gas industry.

Natural gas comprises 9 % of India's primary energy consumption and it will be 14% of energy mix by 2010. Demand for natural gas is also likely to increase at an average annual growth rate of 7.3%.Metals production and fabrication will continue to be the largest market for industrial gases, accounting for 31% of total demand in value terms in coming years. The second largest market will be the chemical processing/petroleum refining segment. The medical/healthcare market, though smaller in size, will be the fastest growing and record gains from the expansion of healthcare services in developing nations and rapidly increasing use of home healthcare respiratory therapies in advanced economics.

Hydrogen is gaining prominence and most companies are striving to develop technologies that can efficiently exploit the potential of hydrogen. Increased use of natural gas will create an opportunity for higher production of argon and carbon dioxide. The Industrial gas industry has a very bright future in the coming years.

How to prepare a Project Report on Industrial Gases Projects?

When you are preparing a project report on industrial gas, you need to have full knowledge of the industry. It is necessary to familiarize both global and local trends in the industry. Such trends include:

  • Gas market size
  • Future of the gas industry
  • Gas market drivers
  • Legal requirements for oil, gas, and minerals
  • Raw materials, equipment, and human resource requirement
  • Financial requirements

 

Industrial Gas Market

The industrial gas market grows by about 6.9% annually. The largest global consumer of industrial gas is the Asia Pacific. One of the drivers of industrial gas market growth is the steady growth in industrial markets in India and China.

India has over 300 small-scale and medium gas manufacturers, with over 25 large-scale industrial gas and industrial gas cylinder manufacturers. The demand for industrial gas increases proportionally with an increase in the level of industrialization.

Other drivers of the industrial gas industry include modern applications of industrial gas in:

  • Food Processing Industries
  • Agro-based Industries
  • Healthcare and Technology

All these sectors are on a growth trend. The growth in these sectors has raised the need for the industrial gas sector to embrace strict quality control systems and efficient gas distribution mechanisms.

The average annual growth rate for the Indian industrial gas market is about 12%. Similar to global trends, the demand for oxygen in India grows at 15 – 17% p.a. 

Considering the steady growth in the steel and other metal industries, the future demand for industrial gas is still promising. Metal production and fabrication are the largest markets for industrial gases. There is also a rapid growth in the medical field, suggesting continuous demand for oxygen by these sectors.

Things to know while preparing a Feasibility Study report on the Gas Industry

There are various things that you need to know while preparing a feasibility study report, these are-

1. What is a Feasibility Study?

A feasibility study report on the gas industry is usually a continuation of the pre-feasibility study. You only do a feasibility study if the pre-feasibility study gives your project idea a feasibility approval.

2. What is the objective of a Feasibility Study?

Assume you thought of a business idea in nitrogen gas production. To determine whether such a project has a chance to survive under the currently prevailing circumstances, you did a pre-feasibility study. The pre-feasibility study report suggests nitrogen manufacturing is a viable business.

Knowing that an investment in nitrogen can survive the market does not give you a justifiable reason to put your money in nitrogen gas. You need detailed information about it that can help you clarify and address concerns about the industrial gas product.

In summary, as a prospective investor in industrial gas, you need to prepare a feasibility study report on the gas industry to make a final decision about investing in the sector.

3. What does a Feasibility Study contain?

The feasibility study report consists of:

  • Technical project feasibility.  It considers the required facilities, the suitability of gas production technology, site suitability, and raw materials.
  • Financial feasibility. This feasibility study considers the comparative costs of different industrial gas alternatives.
  • Managerial feasibility proposes a workable business structure and management team.

Types of Industrial Gas

Industrial gases are gaseous at room temperature. However, they may be compressed and sold as liquids. We can group industrial gases into three types. The three types are oxidizers, inert gases, and flammable gases.

1. Oxidizers

The common oxidizers include oxygen, chlorine gas, and nitrous oxide. Oxidizers are non-flammable gases that accelerate combustion in the presence of an ignition source and fuel.

2. Flammable Gases

Flammable gases include a group of industrial gases that, at ambient temperature and pressure, form a Flammable gas mixture with air. Common Flammable industrial gases include ammonia, acetylene, hydrogen, propane, propylene, and methane. All flammable gases are hazardous and should handle them with care. They should be stored under low temperatures and away from potential sources of fires or electric sparks.

3. Inert Gases

Industrial gases that fall under the category of inert include argon, neon, and helium. These gases do not undergo any chemical reactions under normal conditions of temperature and pressure. Because of its low solubility in liquids, oxygen plant manufacturers mix helium with oxygen to make breathing gas.

Both helium and argon create a gas shield in welding arcs. On the other hand, neon is a component of neon light with which we are all familiar.

 

 

Reasons for buying our reports:

This report helps you to identify a profitable project for investing or diversifying into by throwing light to crucial areas like industry size, market potential of the product and reasons for investing in the product

This report provides vital information on the product like its characteristics and segmentation

This report helps you market and place the product correctly by identifying the target customer group of the product 

This report helps you understand the viability of the project by disclosing details like machinery required, project costs and snapshot of other project financials

The report provides a glimpse of government regulations applicable on the industry

The report provides forecasts of key parameters which helps to anticipate the industry performance and make sound business decisions.

 

Our Approach:

Our research reports broadly cover Indian markets, present analysis, outlook and forecast for a period of five years.

The market forecasts are developed on the basis of secondary research and are cross-validated through interactions with the industry players

We use reliable sources of information and databases. And information from such sources is processed by us and included in the report

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

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Refrigerant Gas R22 Bottling Plant

A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle. In most cycles it undergoes phase transitions from a liquid to a gas and back again. The ideal working fluid or often called refrigerant would have favorable thermodynamic properties, be noncorrosive to mechanical components, and be safe, including freedom from toxicity and flammability. The desired thermodynamic properties are a boiling point somewhat below the target temperature, a high heat of vaporization, a moderate density in liquid form, a relatively high density in gaseous form, and a high critical temperature. Since boiling point and gas density are affected by pressure, refrigerants may be made more suitable for a particular application by appropriate choice of operating pressures. Chlorodifluoromethane or difluoromonochloromethane is a hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC). This colorless gas is better known as HCFC-22, or R-22, or (CH ClF2). It is commonly used as a propellant and refrigerant. R-22 cylinders are colored light green. R22 is a single component HCFC refrigerant that has historically been used for air conditioning, medium temperature and low temperature refrigeration. The refrigerants market size is estimated to be USD 22.9 billion in 2018 and is projected reach USD 31.0 billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 6.2% between 2018 and 2023. The market is mainly driven by the rising demand for refrigerants from the applications domestic, commercial, and industrial refrigeration; chillers; window, split, VRF, and other air-conditioning systems; and MAC. Growing demand for refrigerants in upcoming applications has created various opportunities for its manufacturers. APAC is the key market for refrigerants, globally, followed by North America and Europe, in terms of volume. One of the primary drivers of the market is the increasing demand for consumer appliances in these regions. Increase in demand for energy-efficient cooling solutions and rising awareness regarding global warming and ozone depletion is expected to shape the industry over the forecast period. Fluorocarbon phase-out as per regulations laid down by the Montreal Protocol and updated by the Kyoto Protocol has led to a resurgence in demand for natural refrigerants. The hydrocarbon and inorganic segments are, therefore, expected to witness considerable growth. The stationary air conditioning, chillers, and heat pumps segment dominated the market by application and accounted for over 47% of the overall volume in 2016. Increased spending power of the middle class on consumer appliances, such as refrigeration systems, has resulted in the growth of this segment. Rising demand for cooling equipment owing to rapid industrialization, deteriorating weather conditions, and growth in the manufacture of consumer appliances has also positively influenced its demand. Commercial refrigeration is another application witnessing significant growth. Increasing hypermarket, supermarket, and food retail chains, coupled with rise in consumption of packaged and frozen foods, has boosted the demand for commercial refrigerants. Few major players are as under Jiangxi Bosheng New Refrigerant Co., Ltd. Quzhou JinyuanHongtai Refrigerant Co., Ltd Anhui T.C Refrigerant High-tech Co., LTD Hangzhou Elk Refrigerant High-Tech Co., Ltd Refrigerant & Chemical
Plant capacity: Refrigerant Gas R22 (Cylinder 10 Kgs Size): 166 Nos / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 24 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs179 lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 64.00%
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Investment Ideas for Startup of Refrigerant Gas R22

Investment Ideas for Startup of Refrigerant Gas R22. Exploring Business Opportunities in Industrial Gases. A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle. In most cycles it undergoes phase transitions from a liquid to a gas and back again. Many working fluids have been used for such purposes. Fluorocarbons, especially chlorofluorocarbons, became commonplace in the 20th century, but they are being phased out because of their ozone depletion effects. Other common refrigerants used in various applications are ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and non-halogenated hydrocarbons such as propane. R22 refrigerant is one of the most commonly used refrigerants in the air conditioning systems. R22 is the short name for the halocarbon compound CHClF2 (monochlorodifluoromethane), which is used as the refrigerant. R stands for the refrigerant. In the number “22” second “2” denotes the number of the fluorine atoms in the compound. Related Projects: - Industrial Gases Projects Refrigerant is a chemical mixture of fluids, which function as cooling agents in heat pumps & refrigeration cycles. It works on the principle of phase transition, i.e., liquid to gas and vice versa at variable operating temperatures. Refrigerants can be used either as primary working fluids in absorption refrigeration systems or as secondary fluids to transport thermal energy from one medium to another. The need for refrigerants has rapidly increased in the industrial and commercial sectors. Uses & Applications Residential and light air conditioning has been the primary market for R22 (Hydro chlorofluorocarbon 22) refrigerant. Global warming caused by greenhouse emissions has raised the temperature and has become one of the major factors behind the increasing demand for HVAC. In 2018, carbon emission rose by 2%, the fastest pace in seven years. The extreme weather in 2018 resulted in increased demand for air conditioning, according to BP Plc. in its annual energy sector. Refrigerant R22 (Hydro chlorofluorocarbon 22), the generally accepted and most suitable refrigerant for air conditioners. At present R22 is extensively used in the industries for liquefaction of the gases like chlorine, for supplying chilled water to various processes, machines, chillers of central air conditioning systems, and others. R22 is non-toxic, making this refrigerant highly safe for domestic and industrial purposes is non-flammable. Medium and low temperature commercial and industrial refrigeration and freezer rooms Cold stores, cabinets, water chillers & process cooling. Air Condition Automotive Air Conditioner Refrigerator Related Books - BOOKS & DATABASES Market Outlook R22 Refrigerant Market size is forecast to reach $4.87 billion by 2025, after growing at a CAGR of 5.48% during 2020-2025. The R22 refrigerant market is driven by refrigeration and air-conditioning application across a wide range of temperatures. R22 refrigerant market is a colorless gas and is known as Chlorodifluoromethane has been used as a substitute for chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) after phase out, which has propelled the demand for R22 refrigerant across various segments. The construction output of the APAC countries is increasing gradually due to the growing population and the increased number of nuclear families. In addition, the increasing purchasing power of the middle-class population and rising standards of living are driving the industry. These factors are expected to fuel the refrigerants market. Increased industrialization in emerging economies such as China, India, and Japan has led to establishment of a large number of data centers, subsequently fueling demand for refrigerants. Factors such as rise in manufacturing units across Asia Pacific and surge in demand for improved maintenance of industrial equipment will further augment the global refrigerant market. Increasing demand for the domestic air-cooling system due to the rising disposable income of the population from developed countries is fueling the market growth. Whereas, air conditioning has also widened its application areas in automotive on account of inclination of customers toward high comfort in luxury vehicles and rising global demand for mobile air conditioning solutions. Related Videos- Industrial, Medical and Specialty Gases Manufacturing Project Ideas Application Insights The stationary air conditioning, chillers, and heat pumps segment dominated the market by application and accounted for over 47% of the overall volume in 2016. Increased spending power of the middle class on consumer appliances, such as refrigeration systems, has resulted in the growth of this segment. Rising demand for cooling equipment owing to rapid industrialization, deteriorating weather conditions, and growth in the manufacture of consumer appliances has also positively influenced its demand. Commercial refrigeration is another application witnessing significant growth. Increasing hypermarket, supermarket, and food retail chains, coupled with rise in consumption of packaged and frozen foods, has boosted the demand for commercial refrigerants. The mobile air conditioning application segments represent fast-growing and lucrative opportunities owing to rapid expansion of automotive manufacturing in emerging economies. A significant increase in consumer disposable income has substantially increased passenger car sales in countries such as China, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Venezuela, Argentina, and Indonesia. Domestic refrigeration demand is fueled by rising adoption of energy-efficient and environment-friendly products in developed economies like North America and Europe. Across emerging economies such as Asia Pacific and Middle East and Africa, demand for domestic refrigeration is spurred by food wastage concerns, need for improved food quality, and an increase in disposable income, leading the more affluent middle class to spend more on modern appliances. Growth of refrigeration market, particularly in cold-chain logistics, is driven by the boom in international trade of perishable commodities, consumer demand for frozen and chilled food and beverages, and demand from the life science and pharma industries. The segment is expected to witness substantial growth in Asia Pacific owing to increased healthcare spending, booming trade of fruits and vegetables and confectionery, and increased spending by the middle class on frozen food and beverages. Air conditioning is observed to be gaining importance as a comfort feature in automobiles, thereby influencing consumer purchasing behavior and generating high demand for mobile air conditioning products and services. Air conditioning has also been considered as a factor resulting in increased efficiency in off-highway automobile applications, which has further boosted its demand. KEY PLAYERS G. F Auto Gas Chemours Refrigerant & Chemical Jiangxi Bosheng New Refrigerant Co., Ltd. Quzhou Jinyuan Hongtai Refrigerant Co., Ltd ComStar Anhui T.C Refrigerant High-tech Co., LTD DuPont Arkema Hangzhou Elk Refrigerant High-Tech Co., Ltd Tags:- #refrigerantgasr22 #r22gas #refrigerantgas #industrialgases #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #industrialproject #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Transparent LPG Cylinder from Fiber Glass

A gas cylinder is a pressure vessel for storage and containment of gases at above atmospheric pressure. High-pressure gas cylinders are also called bottles. Inside the cylinder the stored contents may be in a state of compressed gas, vapor over liquid, supercritical fluid, or dissolved in a substrate material, depending on the physical characteristics of the contents. A typical gas cylinder design is elongated, standing upright on a flattened bottom end, with the valve and fitting at the top for connecting to the receiving apparatus. A seamless composite translucent cylinder made up from a polyethylene, moulded inner lining, glass fibres and resin with inner liner to create an even greater strength and an outer layer makes this a perfect one to use. Due to the superior performance of composite LPG cylinder, the steel LPG cylinder must be replaced by composite LPG cylinder gradually. And with the development of technology, there will be better materials to be developed. Indian LPG imports have been registering some remarkable trends in the last 10 years. The growth trends over the last 10 years, 5 years and 1 year are: 17% CAGR (FY07 to FY17), 14% CAGR (FY12 to FY17) and 23%. At nearly 11 million tonnes in FY17, India surpassed Japan’s imports at 10.6 million tonnes. The government has gone full throttle in promoting LPG as a reliable fuel through schemes such as Pahal, Ujjwala, Direct Benefit Transfer and 'Give it Up' which led to increased adoption of LPG in residential segment. While 'Pahal' got enlisted under Guinness Book of World Record for its largest cash transfer at a whopping USD 6.5 billion. All the same, under the Ujjwala scheme free LPG connections will be provided to 5 crore poor households. A rapid increase in urban population combined with increasing LPG penetration in rural areas has resulted in a 10% growth in LPG consumption, making India the second largest LPG consumer in the World at 19 million tonne per year. Based on Government's continued efforts to promote clean fuel and increased adoption by consumers, LPG consumption is expected to see a sustained double-digit growth in the years to come. Global composite cylinders market stood at $ 601 million in 2018 and is projected to reach $ 921 million by 2024, exhibiting a CAGR of over 7% during 2019-2024, owing to increasing demand for explosion proof, non-corrosive and lightweight LPG cylinders. Composite cylinder is a high-pressure vessel that is made of a composite-polymer material and placed in a plastic body. The technology of manufacturing a modern composite cylinder is a very complex and high-tech process, thus its cost is much higher than the cost of a metal analogue. Increasing consumption of LPG in the developing countries is expected to boost the demand. Increasing demand for lightweight, explosion proof and non-corrosive LPG cylinders and government push towards the usage of composite cylinders are some of the major drivers of the market. Increase in the consumption of LPG in the developing economies further elevate the demand for composite LPG cylinders over the next five years. As a whole any entrepreneur can venture in this project without risk and earn profit. Few Indian major players are as under Everest Kanto Cylinder Ltd Hindustan Petroleum Corpn. Ltd Supreme Cylinders Ltd. Time Technoplast Ltd.
Plant capacity: Transparent LPG Cylinder: 2,243.6 Nos. / DayPlant & machinery: Rs 28274 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 32012 lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Manufacture of Fiberglass Transparent LPG Cylinders

Manufacture of Fiberglass Transparent LPG Cylinders. Opportunities for Entrepreneurs to Start Own Industry. A gas cylinder is a pressure vessel for storage and containment of gases at above atmospheric pressure. High-pressure gas cylinders are also called bottles. Inside the cylinder the stored contents may be in a state of compressed gas, vapor over liquid, supercritical fluid, or dissolved in a substrate material, depending on the physical characteristics of the contents. A typical gas cylinder design is elongated, standing upright on a flattened bottom end, with the valve and fitting at the top for connecting to the receiving apparatus. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is a blend of light hydrocarbon compounds. It mainly consists of butane (C4H10) or propane (C3H8) or a mixture of both. At room temperature, both gases are colourless and odourless. Propane has its boiling point at -42°C and butane at -0.5 °C. Under modest pressure or in cooler conditions, LPG transforms into a liquid state. LPG in domestic cylinders used for cooking generally comprises more butane than propane, because the fuel value per kilogram of butane is higher than propane and it liquefies under much lower pressure than propane and thus the handling is safer. National and international standards specify the minimum content of butane and a maximum LPG vapor pressure. When liquefied under pressure, the volume of butane and propane is reduced to around 1/260 of the gaseous aggregate state. The specific calorific value of LPG is around 46 MJ/kg or 12.78 kWh/kg depending on the composition of LPG. In comparison, wood has an energy content in the range of 14-18 MJ/kg or 3.89 - 5 kWh/kg (depending of the type of wood and the moisture content) and charcoal in the range of 27 - 33 MJ/kg or 7.5 - 8.34 kWh/kg (depending on the type of charcoal). If made available as a cooking energy fuel it could help to reduce the use of wood and biomass in households in developing countries. Related Project: - Transparent Lpg Cylinder From Fiber Glass Market Outlook The Asia-Pacific LPG Cylinder Market can be segmented based on the cylinder type, size, country and application. In terms of cylinder type, the market can be bifurcated into composite and metal. The demand for composite LPG cylinder is anticipated to increase in the coming years as these cylinders are 100% recyclable and explosion resistant in comparison to conventional metal cylinders. Based on application, the market can be segregated into residential/consumer-use, power & utilities and transport/auto-fuel. Residential or consumer use is currently the dominant segment in the market and the trend is likely to continue over the next five years as well. This is due to the subsidy offered by the government on LPG cylinders. Related Projects:- Industrial Gases Projects The global LPG cylinder manufacturing market is expected to reach US$ 4.7 Bn by 2026, expanding at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2018 to 2026. Asia Pacific held the highest share in the LPG cylinder manufacturing market in 2017. LPG Gas Cylinder Market: Growth Dynamics The LPG industry is undergoing several transformational changes. The manufacturers of the LPG gas cylinder market may have to make changes in the near future to fit with the emerging trends. For instance, bio LPG may be a common thing in the next 2-3 years. Operation expansions are also experiencing a positive trend and may continue throughout the forecast period. For instance, Omera Cylinder Ltd, an LPG gas cylinder manufacturer in Bangladesh became the first local LPG gas cylinder maker to export its products to international markets. Such developments may serve as growth multipliers for the LPG gas cylinder market. A 5kg composite cylinder will cost Rs. 2,000-3,000. Re-fill costs will be in line with those of a 5kg steel cylinder. Related Video:- Profitable Investment Opportunity in LPG Filling Plant Based on the application type, the global composite LPG cylinders market is segmented as kitchen & domestic use, transportation, recreational use, and others. Kitchen & domestic use is expected to remain the largest and fastest-growing application type in the global composite LPG cylinders market during the forecast period. There is an increasing replacement of type I cylinders with type IV cylinders, owing to their advantages of lightweight and an excellent burst pressure. Additionally, piped natural gas in households is being replaced with composite LPG cylinders, owing to its limited reserves and high cost. Key Players:- Everest Kanto Cylinder Ltd. Hindustan Petroleum Corpn. Ltd. Supreme Cylinders Ltd. Time Technoplast Ltd. Tags:- #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #feasibilityReport #NPCS #startupbusiness #LPGcylinder #lpgcylinderproduction #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #lpgcylindermanufacturing #LPGGasCylinder #GasCylinder #LPG #fiberglass #LiquefiedPetroleumGas #LiquefiedNaturalGas
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Oxygen Gas Plant (Medical Grade)

Oxygen gas comprises 21 percent of atmospheric gas. Its symbol is O2. Atomic weight of oxygen is 16, atomic no. is 8 and molecular weight is 32. Oxygen gas is non metallic element. Oxygen is colorless, odorless and tasteless. Oxygen reacts with all elements, but not with inert gases to form compound called oxides. Medical oxygen is high purity oxygen that is used for medical treatments and is developed for use in the human body. Medical oxygen cylinders contain a high purity of oxygen gas; no other types of gases are allowed in the cylinder to prevent contamination. Medical oxygen is important in the healthcare industry because of its several uses. Some of the major uses & application of medical grade O2 are mentioned below. Commonly medical oxygen is administered in medical facilities like hospitals and clinics. It’s used during anesthesia, first aid resuscitation for emergencies, life support for patients who can’t breathe on their own, and oxygen therapy. Medical Oxygen Gas Cylinders Market is valued at USD 8.30 Billion in 2018 and expected to reach USD 14.41 Billion by 2025 with the CAGR of 6.2% over the forecast period. Rising prevalence of chronic diseases and infectious like Covid-19, cancer, asthma, diabetes, heart attack etc. and surge in global geriatric population are some important factors driving the growth of medical oxygen gas cylinders market. Oxygen cylinders are needed for the rising demand of hospitals, home care settings and many others. Medical oxygen gas cylinders are present in different sizes depending upon the requirement. In hospitals, oxygen gas therapy is implemented on the patients for the treatment of chronic health conditions to improve energy levels, sleep and a better quality life of patients. Oxygen is widely used in hospitals for the treatment of a number of acute and chronic diseases. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian major players are as under Bellary Oxygen Co. Pvt. Ltd. Bhilai Oxygen Ltd. Govind Poy Oxygen Ltd. Howrah Gases Ltd. Linde India Ltd. Praxair India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Medical Grade Oxygen Gas 28.5 Kgs : 180 Cylinders / DayPlant & machinery: Rs 284 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 596 lakhs
Return: 23.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant (Medical and Industrial Grade)

Limelight used oxygen derived from sources such as the barium oxide Brin process. This process was based on the production of barium peroxide by roasting barium oxide in air at 590°C, then raising the temperature to 870°C. At 870°C the peroxide formed decomposes back into oxide, releasing more or less pure oxygen which can then be cooled and compressed into steel gas cylinders. Although crude, the process was ingenious in that it required no continuous input of raw materials other than air and energy. Oxygen is non corrosive and can be contained in any common metals. However care must be taken to remove all oil, grease and other combustible material from piping and containers before putting them into oxygen service. Nitrogen gas is a compound that forms from elemental nitrogen, which is found abundantly throughout the planet’s atmosphere and in most biochemical reactions. One of nitrogen’s unique properties is its ability to form multiple bonds with various other elements and compounds. Nitrogen is the chemical element with the symbol N and atomic number 7. It was first discovered and isolated by Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772, nitrogen is the principal gas in air (78%). Its first major industrial use lay in the manufacture of ammonia, used within the chemical industry as an intermediate for many compounds but especially nitrogenous fertilisers. In the combustion process, the oxygen in air is broken down to make carbon dioxide, water, and energy. Nitrogen is not an essential part of the process. In fact, nitrogen in air has negative impacts on combustion processes. Nitrogen gets heated by the reaction to very high combustion temperatures and is carried out through the flue. Essentially, the heated nitrogen leaving the flue is like throwing fuel out of the stack. Nitrogen blanketing is used to protect flammable or explosive solids and liquids from contact with air. Certain chemicals, surfaces of solids and stored food products have properties that must be protected from degradation by the effects of atmospheric oxygen and moisture. Protection is achieved by keeping these items in a nitrogen atmosphere. India industrial gases market was valued at $ 2.1 billion in 2017 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of over 11% to surpass $ 3.9 billion in 2023 on account of growing demand from metal industry, particularly steel. As a whole any entrepreneur can venture in this project without risk and earn profit. Few Indian major players • Air Liquide India Holding Pvt. Ltd. • Arrow Oxygen Ltd. • Bellary Oxygen Co. Pvt. Ltd. • Bhagawati Oxygen Ltd. • Bhilai Oxygen Ltd. • Govind Poy Oxygen Ltd. • Howrah Gases Ltd. • Linde India Ltd.
Plant capacity: 3200 cumtrs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 183 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 675 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Emerging Business of Industrial Gases (Industrial Gases Market Size is expected to Rise Significantly) Start the Production Plant of Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas

Introduction: Industrial gases are used in a variety of industries and are gaseous at room temperature and pressure. Chemicals, electricity, medicine, electronics, aerospace, and even food are among these industries. These gases, as useful as they are, can be flammable and pose other risks. Gases, liquids, and cryogenic liquids are all possible uses for industrial gases. They are commonly accepted by industrial users as gases that are used in significant quantities in their pure form. No animal can survive without oxygen, which is a natural resource. Fish and other marine organisms depend on oxygen gas dissolved in water in the same way as humans do. Another money-saving option is an oxygen plant that includes a molecular screen battery drier device for moisture and carbon dioxide separation. It removes acetylene and other hydrocarbons from the process air, removing the need for separate acetylene absorbents and, more importantly, the expense of caustic soda. Related Projects: Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant (Medical and Industrial Grade) Nitrogen gas is an inert gas that can be found in abundance in nature, both free and as part of industrially important compounds. Nitrogen gas is colourless, odourless, and tasteless, as well as being inert. These characteristics make it suitable for use in a variety of manufacturing processes, but they also make it a potential safety hazard for workers. As a result, nitrogen gas producers and consumers must take sufficient nitrogen safety measures. The chemical element nitrogen has the symbol N and the atomic number 7. Nitrogen is the lightest element of Periodic Group 15, also known as the pnictogens. It is a common factor in the universe, with a total abundance estimated to be about seventh in the Milky Way and Solar System. Two atoms of the element join together at normal temperature and pressure to form dinitrogen, a colourless and odourless diatomic gas with the formula N2. Uses of Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant: The industrial and medical gases industries represent a sizable number of customers in the city. Industrial gases are needed in almost all manufacturing processes. In the essential and infrastructure sectors, large amounts of oxygen, nitrogen, and argon are used. For cutting and welding, shipyards and the automotive industry use acetylene, propane, and mixtures of fuel gases and oxygen. In the recycling of plastics, packaging, and scrap tyres, liquid nitrogen is important. All major industrial gases are used as a raw material or for inerting in the chemical industry. Cylinder gas and mixtures make up the other smaller industry group. In steelmaking, oxygen is needed for the reaction that converts carbon to carbon dioxide gas, which occurs at high temperatures in a blast furnace. The carbon dioxide emitted enables iron oxides to be reduced to more pure iron compounds. Other applications that include metal and require high temperatures, such as welding torches, use oxygen. Hydrocarbon molecules are broken apart by heating, and oxygen is used to degrade them. This is used to generate combustion, which produces water and carbon dioxide in most cases, but also the hydrocarbons acetylene, propylene, and ethylene in some cases. Nitrogen gas is used by some factories on a daily basis in remote areas. Related Project: Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant Due to safety concerns and time delays, delivering liquid nitrogen to these locations is not feasible. It is important for industries such as chemical production, offshore drilling, and some pharmaceutical firms to have on-site nitrogen. On-site nitrogen generation not only ensures a consistent nitrogen solution, but it also helps these industries to adjust their purity levels depending on the application. The importance of nitrogen as a purging gas in the steel industry cannot be overstated. It's used as an assist gas to blast molten material away, resulting in a better, corrosion-resistant stainless or aluminized steel product. When formation pressures start to dwindle, nitrogen produced by various standard methods can be injected into an oil reservoir as an enhanced oil recovery technique. These secondary recovery strategies can restore and extend the life of well-produced goods. Manufacturing of Oxygen and Nitrogen Gas Plant: Compressed oxygen, liquid oxygen, and nitrogen are the four materials. d) All liquid nitrogen is extracted in the same plant from air. The raw material, air, is cryogenically liquefied, and the liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen components are separated in a fractional distillation column. Compressors / pumps bottle compressed oxygen and nitrogen gases into cylinders. After vaporisation of the respective liquid fractions, compressed oxygen and nitrogen gases are bottled into cylinders by compressors / pumps. The air is compressed to a pressure of 30kg/cm2 in three steps. Following that, water vapour and carbon dioxide are removed using a battery of molecular sieves. The carbon dioxide and water vapor-free air is compressed still more to a pressure. External refrigeration is used to compress the outgoing carbon dioxide and water vapour free air to a pressure of 100 kg/cm2 and cool it significantly. The outgoing product gases cool the high-pressure air even further in heat exchangers. The majority of the cold air is allowed to expand via an expansion motor, while the remainder is redirected via an expansion valve. The expansion engine's downstream air reaches a pressure of 5 kg/cm2 and a significantly lower temperature. Partially liquefaction of air occurs when the other stream of air passing through the expansion valve is extended to a pressure of 5kg/cm2. Related Videos: Industrial, Medical and Specialty Gases Manufacturing Project Ideas Both streams of air are combined and added to the bottom column of the double rectification column as a liquid vapour mixture (fractional Distillation Column). Because of mass and heat transfer at each perforated tray in the column, nitrogen-rich liquid vapour collects at the top trays, while an oxygen-rich liquid-vapor mixture collects at the bottom trays. The liquid nitrogen that has accumulated at the top of the bottom column is drawn out and stored in vacuum-insulated cryogenic tanks as a product. This liquid nitrogen is pumped from the storage tank via vaporizers for gasification and bottling into cylinders to produce nitrogen gas. The oxygen-rich liquid-vapor mixture at the bottom column's sump is redirected to the distillation column's top column, which operates at a lower pressure of 0.5kg/cm2. Further separation of oxygen and nitrogen vapour occurs in this low-pressure column through a mass and heat transfer process at the various trays inside the column. Related Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES Due to heat exchange with the cooler liquid nitrogen produced at the top of the bottom column, the separated oxygen vapours settle at the bottom of this column and condense to form liquid oxygen. The liquid oxygen that has accumulated at the bottom of the top column is extracted as a result and stored in vacuum-insulated cryogenic tanks. This liquid oxygen can be vaporised by heat exchange between incoming process airs and compressed by oxygen compressors for bottling into cylinders to produce compressed oxygen. Alternatively, the stored liquid oxygen may be pumped into vaporizers for gasification and cylinder filling. The plant's processing modes can be changed to produce: 1) Liquid nitrogen and compressed oxygen, with in-built vaporizers filling compressed oxygen, or 2) Liquid oxygen only, with external vaporizers filling compressed oxygen, depending on requirements. Market Outlook: The rising demand for alternative energy sources is driving the growth of the industrial gases industry. Furthermore, the global industrial gases market is being driven by increasing demand for industrial gases in the health care sector. In the other side, the government is strict. Its business development is being hampered by laws and regulations relating to environmental emissions and safety concerns. At a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -0.9 percent, the global industrial gas demand is forecast to decrease from $101.8 billion in 2019 to $100.9 billion in 2020. The industrial gases industry is expanding due to growing demand for renewable energy sources. Furthermore, rising demand for industrial gases in the health-care sector is driving the global industrial gases market. The government, on the other hand, is strict. However, the industrial gases industry is capital-intensive and needs significant investment, which may be a limiting factor in the market's growth. The global industrial gases market has a plethora of growth prospects in emerging economies. Increasing Demand of Oxygen Gas Due to Covid-19: The COVID-19 epidemic resulted in a major rise in global demand for medical oxygen. The rising prevalence of chronic diseases and infectious diseases such as Covid-19, cancer, asthma, diabetes, heart attack, and others, as well as an increase in the global geriatric population, are driving the medical oxygen gas cylinders industry. The compressed oxygen gas in commercial oxygen gas cylinders is used for medical purposes. Patients suffering from illnesses such as asthma, cancer, and others benefit greatly from medical oxygen gas cylinders. The primary goal of an oxygen cylinder is to keep the body supplied with pure oxygen. Oxygen cylinders are in high demand in hospitals, home care settings, and other places. With the number of Covid-19 cases in the electricity approaching 19,000, demand for oxygen has increased as a result of patients needing breathing assistance due to the disease's lung complications. Now is the time to put medical oxygen first. Oxygen should be viewed as a critical utility, much like electricity. Key Players: • Air Liquide India Holding Pvt. Ltd. • Arrow Oxygen Ltd. • Bellary Oxygen Co. Pvt. Ltd. • Bhagawati Oxygen Ltd. • Bhilai Oxygen Ltd. • Govind Poy Oxygen Ltd. • Howrah Gases Ltd. • Linde India Ltd. • Madhav Industrial Gases Pvt. Ltd. • Niket Udyog Ltd. • Praxair India Pvt. Ltd. • Pushya Industrial Gases Ltd. • Rukmani Metals & Gaseous Pvt. Ltd. • Saraogi Oxygen Ltd. • Southern Gas Ltd. • Travancore Oxygen Ltd. For More Details: https://niir.org/profile-project-reports/profiles/industrial-gases-projects/z,,23,0,a/index.html
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Oxygen Gas Plant

Oxygen as a raw material for synthesizing chemical compounds is in daily life. Liquid oxygen mixed with carbon black may yet become an important and cheap explosive. On the commercial scale, it is made from atmospheric air small production by the electrolysis of water is the result of special circumstances. Oxygen is used in industry for fusion, welding of metals, metal cutting and other purposes. It is also used in medical practice and in the production of liquid oxygen explosive employed in blasting operations. To looking its uses we can say that there is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 172 Cylinders Per Day (each Cylinder 7M3)Plant & machinery: Rs.178 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:582 Lakhs
Return: 39.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) Oxygen Plant

PSA plants takes free air form atmosphere and converts into oxygen with 93 % purity suitable for various purpose. The affinity of a fluid for a solid surface is known as adsorption. It is feasible to separate the individual components of a gas mixture (such as air) using the differential affinities of the distinct components. A PSA oxygen plant works on essentially the same premise. The capacity of such a plant to create oxygen varies. It uses a technique that absorbs nitrogen from the environment to concentrate oxygen for delivery to hospitals or industries, depending on the situation. The oxygen produced can be sent directly to the point of consumption through a dedicated pipeline or compressed to fill cylinders. The oxygen concentration in medical grade oxygen ranges from 90.0 to 96 percent. The rest is mostly made up of argon and nitrogen. They work at near-ambient temperatures and trap oxygen at high pressure using adsorbent materials such as zeolites, activated carbon, and molecular sieves. While the oxygen produced by these plants is said to be less pure than liquid oxygen created from cryogenic technology, the argument in the country right now is whether these plants may have helped alleviate the country's ongoing medical oxygen crisis. The Global PSA Oxygen Generator market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.6 percent from USD 2723.4 million in 2020 to USD 3996.3 million in 2026. Global "PSA Oxygen Generator Market" 2021-2026 Research Report includes essential analysis on the market state of the PSA Oxygen Generator manufacturers with the most up-to-date facts and figures, meaning, definition, SWOT analysis, expert views, and the most recent developments around the world. The market size, PSA Oxygen Generator Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin, and Market Share, cost structure, and growth rate are all calculated in the report. The income produced by the sales of This Research and technologies by various application segments is taken into account in this report. Browse Market data Tables and Figures spread through 146 Pages and in-depth TOC on PSA Oxygen Generator Market. For basic understanding Plant Capacity * 3.3 = no of cylinders filled in a day i.e. 40 Nn3 plant will give @ 120 to 140 cylinders in a day
Plant capacity: 90 to 100 cylinders per dayPlant & machinery: 6500000
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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PSA Oxygen Plant

PSA plants takes free air form atmosphere and converts into oxygen with 93 % purity suitable for various purpose. The affinity of a fluid for a solid surface is known as adsorption. It is feasible to separate the individual components of a gas mixture (such as air) using the differential affinities of the distinct components. A PSA oxygen plant works on essentially the same premise. The capacity of such a plant to create oxygen varies. It uses a technique that absorbs nitrogen from the environment to concentrate oxygen for delivery to hospitals or industries, depending on the situation. The oxygen produced can be sent directly to the point of consumption through a dedicated pipeline or compressed to fill cylinders. The oxygen concentration in medical grade oxygen ranges from 90.0 to 96 percent. The rest is mostly made up of argon and nitrogen. They work at near-ambient temperatures and trap oxygen at high pressure using adsorbent materials such as zeolites, activated carbon, and molecular sieves. While the oxygen produced by these plants is said to be less pure than liquid oxygen created from cryogenic technology, the argument in the country right now is whether these plants may have helped alleviate the country's ongoing medical oxygen crisis. The Global PSA Oxygen Generator market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.6 percent from USD 2723.4 million in 2020 to USD 3996.3 million in 2026. Global "PSA Oxygen Generator Market" 2021-2026 Research Report includes essential analysis on the market state of the PSA Oxygen Generator manufacturers with the most up-to-date facts and figures, meaning, definition, SWOT analysis, expert views, and the most recent developments around the world. The market size, PSA Oxygen Generator Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin, and Market Share, cost structure, and growth rate are all calculated in the report. The income produced by the sales of This Research and technologies by various application segments is taken into account in this report. Browse Market data Tables and Figures spread through 146 Pages and in-depth TOC on PSA Oxygen Generator Market. For basic understanding Plant Capacity * 3.3 = no of cylinders filled in a day i.e. 40 Nn3 plant will give @ 120 to 140 cylinders in a day
Plant capacity: 30 to 36 cylinders per dayPlant & machinery: 4500000
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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