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Glass, Flat Glass, Art Glass, Hollow Glass, Automotive Glass, Optical Glass, glass processing line, Glassware Industry, Ceramic, Industrial Ceramics production, Ceramic Powder, Refractory, Pottery, Mining Industry, Metals and Natural Resources Industry

Glass is one of the most useful materials in our daily lives.There is a special relationship between glass and buildings. Glass is a magical material which has so many different properties and uses, that it has presented many new possibilities and designs. The types of glass presently manufactured in India are float glass and sheet glass.

The glass industry in India is worth around Rs 5,500 crore, which has which has shown good growth in the past few quarters driven by an uptick in demand from user-industries such as infrastructure, construction, automobiles, food processing, beverages, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, among others.The glass industry is diversifying into interior decoration, furniture, murals and other value additions to keep the show going. The growth of the industry is dependent on construction and architecture activities. However, the automobile sector is still a big user of flat glass. The construction sector is the largest consumer of float glass. Around 60 % of the total production is used by the construction sector. The glass sector has been growing at 10-12 per cent a year over the past five years. Real estate is the biggest consumer of flat glass for windows, doors, partitions and a host of other applications.

Global demand for flat glass will rise 5.5 percent annually through 2012, spurred by a healthy building construction environment and rapid growth in newer flat glass technologies. Developing countries in Asia (especially China and India), Latin America, Eastern Europe and the Africa/Mideast region will show the strongest advances.

The global market for flat glass is dominated by Europe, China and North America. These three regions account for more than two-thirds of global market demand. Emerging markets, like India, with extremely low per capita consumption of glass present a potential growth opportunity.

Some of the top players in this sector are Asahi India Glass, NSG Group, Saint-Gobain, Guardian Industries and Hindustan National Glass.

With stability on the cost side and good outlook on the demand side, the glass segment has good prospects. Robust growth in automobiles, infrastructure, liquor & other beverages, boom in building and construction will see the glass industry at its best in the coming years.

 

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Glass Sheet

Glass is a transparent material, particularly in the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum. The transparent and colouration have made the glasses best suitable for decorative and illumination purposes in the early days of their invention. Glass is a non-crystalline solid. This means that the regular periodic arrangement of motifs (groups of atoms, molecules or ions) is absent in glasses. The crystalline characteristic of long-range order of motifs is lacked and short-range order prevails in glassy materials. Glasses are formed by quenching a material in liquid state sufficiently fast so that atoms cannot re-arrange themselves in a crystalline form and form glasses. Glass sheets and plate glass can be clear or transparent, or treated with other elements to give an opalescent or iridescent quality. Which facilitates the development of new technologies and ensure a high quality product. Resistant glass is made by using layers of glass sheets or by using a transparent polycarbonate thermoplastic. Dichroic glass is glass that has been layered with metal oxides to give the glass a unique color and texture. Tempered glass is stronger and more durable than regular glass sheets and plate glass. It is used in a wide variety of products, including vehicle windows and specialty items like scuba diving equipment, marine vehicles, and some cookware. Tempered glass is made by heating and then rapidly cooling the glass to induce residual compressive stresses in the surface of the glass.
Plant capacity: Glass Sheet Thickness of Sheet 6 mm: 53550 MT./AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 111 Crore
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 139 Crore
Return: 26.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Tempering and Toughening of Flat Glass

Toughened glass is a type of soda-lime-silica glass with a sheet thickness 4-12 mm. The sheet has a central tensile stress of 500-1200 kg/cm2 and a ratio of surface compressive stress to central tensile stress of 2:1 to 4:1. Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. Tempered glass is made from normal annealed glass via a thermal tempering process in which the glass is subjected to heat till its softening point and then rapidly cooled. This increases the strength of the glass. A fully tempered glass is 4 to 5 times stronger than an annealed glass of similar thickness. The total market of glass was valued at Rs. 60 bn with 80% supplied by domestic producers. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only about 0.8 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The total organised producers in the glass market have a turnover estimated at over Rs. 40 bn, represented by a fairly large number of suppliers. The global market for flat glass is approximately 62 mn tonne (0.2 mn per day), the market is growing at 6% per annum. Europe, China and North America together account for estimated 70% of high quality float glass demand. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian major players are as under • Asahi India Glass Ltd. • Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. • Auroplast India Ltd. • Cherry Fashions Ltd. • Floatglass India Ltd. • Gobind Glass & Inds. Ltd. • Gold Plus Glass Industry Ltd.
Plant capacity: Tempered and Toughened Glass: 1280 Sq.Mt./DayPlant & machinery: 337 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 767 lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Profitable Business Ideas & Opportunities in Tempering and Toughening of Flat Glass

Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. Tempering creates balanced internal stresses when broken which cause the glass, to crumble into small granular chunks instead of splintering into jagged shards. The granular chunks are less likely to cause injury. Glass is a naturally fragile material. To boost its functional properties and enhance its operational safety, it undergoes the process of tempering. Tempering or toughening is a process where the glass is heated at high temperatures to make it stronger and more resistant to breakage. This process creates a balance in the product’s internal stresses, so that when the glass is broken, it would crumble into tiny granular chunks instead of breaking into sharp, jagged pieces. Because of its increased strength and safety, builders and architects utilize them in a multitude of demanding applications. This includes showers, vehicle windows, refrigerator trays, glass tables, diving masks, glassware, cookware, fireplace grates, bulletproof windows, architectural glass doors and virtually anywhere else that needs safe and strong glass. Tempering is a term used in metallurgy, and defines the degree of hardness and strength imparted to a metal, as by quenching, heat treatment, or cold working. Glass is also 'hardened' the same way, i.e., heated to very high temperatures, then cooled quickly. (The melting point of glass is between 1400°C and 1600°C depending on its composition). This changes the structure of the glass. It has lower stress points and forms cube-like crystalline structures. Because of this, tempered glass shatters into cubes rather than into long, sharp shards so it is a lot safer to use. After toughening, bit becomes highly resistant to heat and shock. Tempered glass is four to five times more resistant to breakage than annealed glass. THE PROCESS OF TEMPERING GLASS Tempered glass goes through a process similar to that of a tempered steel. Stage 1: All toughened glass begins life as a float glass. Before it undergoes tempering, the glass is examined for imperfections. Bubbles, inclusions, and cracks may cause the float glass to break during toughening. So if any signs of such flaws are found, the glass can’t be tempered. Stage 2: Prior to toughening, it must first be cut to the desired shape as it won’t be possible to cut or etch the finished product in its toughened state. Once cut, the edges are smoothed and any burrs produced during etching or cutting are removed. Stage 3: To completely remove the grains of glass that were deposited during sanding, the float glass is thoroughly washed. This also ensures that dirt and any other tiny debris won’t interfere with the tempering. Stage 4: In the tempering process, the surface of the float glass is heated at over 600 degrees Celsius as it travels through a furnace. Some manufacturers heat the glass above its annealing point of approximately 720 degrees Celsius. Stage 5: The scorching glass is then rapidly cooled through quenching by a high-pressure blast of air for a period of three to 10 seconds at various angles. As it cools and begins to shrink, tensile stresses temporarily build-up in the interior zone of the glass while its surface consequently develops surface stresses. These compressive stresses eventually enhance the strength of the glass, making it tougher to break. A properly tempered glass should be able to withstand pressures of a minimum of 10,000 pounds per square inch (psi) and can be expected to break at about 24,000 psi. Beyond the added tensile strength and safety, tempered glass has a greater resistance to thermal shock and thermal stresses. Essentially, it can withstand constant exposure to temperatures as high as 243 degrees Celsius. Toughened glass has hundreds of applications. Used in automobiles, toughened glass windshields and windows reduces the occurrence of deadly cuts and bleeding in case of accidents because the glass breaks into small, cube-like pieces. Because of its structural strength, tempered glass is widely used in architectural applications. Toughened glass acquires a degree of strength for excess of the strength of normal glass sheet or plate glass, which if broken shatters into small and comparatively harmless pieces. It is claimed that the resistance to mechanical stock of toughened plate glass is 4 to 5 times more than that of ordinary plate glass. A toughened glass has better resistance to the vibration, mechanical shock and abrasion. Process of Manufacture: The glass plate is heated to a temperature above its softening point and then subjected to rapid cooling. The glass is suddenly chilled and in this process contracts towards the core. It stretches until it has solidified and is no longer able to contract further at this stage the core is still soft. It contracts against restrained exercise by the solidified upper layer of the glass. This compression is responsible for the strength of the glass sheet, which is limited to about 20,000 lb/sq.inch. Thus it is highly stressed and the resultant force is able to nullify the external impact. The intensity of the stresses depends on the rate of cooling, co-efficient of expansion, thermal conductivity of the glass, its specific heat, elasticity, and certain other physical properties. Toughening Process: The raw plate glass sheet which is free from waviness, distortion etc., is cut to required size and shape and then all the edges are ground and polished as per end use of the product. This is called edge 4 grinding and polishing and is very important for toughening because it will lead to breakages during process. No glass sheet can be toughened without edge grinding and polishing. Washing and Drying: After the edge grinding and polishing the glass sheets are washed manually or by machine and then dried. The glass sheets are fed into the furnace (Electrically operated). The sheets are kept in the furnace above its softening point, which varies according to the composition of glass. After attaining required temperature the glass sheets are removed out of the furnace and placed in the air blowing quenching boxes for 20 to 25 seconds. After quenching glass sheet is toughened. For bend glass toughening, the glass sheets passes through a set of dies (as per shape) after furnace and then to the quenching boxes. Testing: After toughening all the sheet glasses are passed through the polariscope inspection. Tempered glass is also termed as toughened glass as it is believed to be four times stronger than normal glass. Tempered glass, when broken results into harmless granular pieces. In toughened or tempered glass, activities such as drilling, cutting, sandblasting, and machining are not possible. Increasing government initiatives on infrastructure facilities accompanied with widening application outlook in construction sector will favor tempered glass market demand. Improving standard of living along with rising consumer spending on interior furniture designing owing to disposable income and rapid urbanization in India, China and Brazil will stimulate industry growth. Rise in tempered glass market demand owing to high strength, safety, anti-breakage, and heat resistance properties coupled with its wide usage in public buildings including phone booths, bus terminals, canopies gymnasiums and sports arenas should stimulate market demand. Rising government regulatory support to favor infrastructure development towards residential and commercial buildings should stimulate the market growth. Global Tempered Glass Market was valued at $46 billion in 2016, and is projected to reach $65 billion by 2023, registering a CAGR of 5.0% from 2017 to 2023. Tempered glass also known as toughened glass, is known to be four times stronger than simple annealed glass. Tempered glass is produced by heating the silica mix up to 600°C and then rapidly cooling the molten silica. Tempered glass is widely used in automotive window panes, building windows, furniture, and interior activities of buildings. Growth in use of tempered glass in automotive and construction industry drives the market. However, stringent government regulations in the automotive and construction industry restricts the market growth. Increase in construction activities in emerging economies such as India, Indonesia, Brazil, Argentina, and the Middle East offers growth opportunity for the tempered glass market. 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Float Glass Manufacturing Process, Float Glass Manufacturing Process Pdf, Manufacture of Flat Glass, Glass Manufacturing Process, Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant, Glass Industry, Flat Glass Manufacturing Opportunity, Flat Glass Manufacture, Flat Glass Manufacturing project ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small scale industries projects ideas, Flat Glass Manufacturing Based Small Scale Industries Projects, Project profile on small scale industries, How to Flat Glass Manufacturing Industry in India, Flat Glass Manufacturing Projects, New project profile on Flat Glass Manufacturing industries, Project Report on Flat Glass Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Flat Glass Manufacturing, Project Report on Flat Glass Tempering, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Flat Glass Tempering, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Flat Glass Toughening, Feasibility report on Flat Glass Toughening, Free Project Profile on Flat Glass Toughening, Project profile on Flat Glass Tempering Download free project profile on Flat Glass Tempering, Startup Project for Flat Glass Tempering, Project report for bank loan, Project report for bank finance, Project report format for bank loan in excel, Excel Format of Project Report and CMA Data, Project Report Bank Loan Excel, Tempered Glass (Toughened Glass), Glass Tempering and Toughening Process
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Tempering and Toughening of Flat Glass

Toughened glass is a type of soda-lime-silica glass with a sheet thickness 4-12 mm. The sheet has a central tensile stress of 500-1200 kg/cm2 and a ratio of surface compressive stress to central tensile stress of 2:1 to 4:1. Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. Tempered glass is made from normal annealed glass via a thermal tempering process in which the glass is subjected to heat till its softening point and then rapidly cooled. This increases the strength of the glass. A fully tempered glass is 4 to 5 times stronger than an annealed glass of similar thickness. The total market of glass was valued at Rs. 60 bn with 80% supplied by domestic producers. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only about 0.8 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The total organised producers in the glass market have a turnover estimated at over Rs. 40 bn, represented by a fairly large number of suppliers. The global market for flat glass is approximately 62 mn tonne (0.2 mn per day), the market is growing at 6% per annum. Europe, China and North America together account for estimated 70% of high quality float glass demand. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian major players are as under • Asahi India Glass Ltd. • Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. • Auroplast India Ltd. • Cherry Fashions Ltd. • Floatglass India Ltd. • Gobind Glass & Inds. Ltd. • Gold Plus Glass Industry Ltd.
Plant capacity: Tempered and Toughened Glass: 1280 Sq.Mt./DayPlant & machinery: Rs 337 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 767 lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Production of Glass Fiber

Production of Glass Fiber. Investment Opportunities in Composites Industry Glass fiber also called fiberglass. It is material made from extremely fine fibers of glass Fiberglass is a lightweight, extremely strong, and robust material. Although strength properties are somewhat lower than carbon fiber and it is less stiff, the material is typically far less brittle, and the raw materials are much less expensive. Its bulk strength and weight properties are also very favorable when compared to metals, and it can be easily formed using molding processes. Glass fiber is manufactured from various raw materials, namely, silica sand, alumina, limestone, clay, and boric acid. There are different types of glass fiber, like E-glass and S-glass, depending on the mechanical properties. E-glass has high mechanical properties and it is used in armor applications. Types of Glass Fiber As to the raw material glass used to make glass fibres, the following types of glass fiber: 1. A-glass: With regard to its composition, it is close to window glass. It is mainly used in the manufacture of process equipment. 2. C-glass: This kind of glass shows better resistance to chemical impact. 3. E-glass: This kind of glass combines the characteristics of C-glass with very good insulation to electricity. 4. AE-glass: Alkali resistant glass. Generally, glass consists of quartz sand, soda, sodium sulphate, potash, feldspar and a number of refining and dying additives. The characteristics, with them the classification of the glass fibres to be made, are defined by the combination of raw materials and their proportions. Textile glass fibres mostly show a circular. Glass fibres can be used as a reinforcing agent for different types of vegetable oil-based polymer composites because of their availability, low cost, high strength and chemical resistance. Different types of silicate glass fibres are used in the preparation of polymer composites, but lime-alumina-borosilicate (E-glass) glass fibre is the most widely used. It can be used as chopped strand mat, ribbon and woven fabrics. Although it exhibits high strength (tensile strength 3.45 kN mm?2), creep and chemical resistance, its specific gravity (2.5) is relatively high, which limits its uses in many advanced applications where light weight is important. Glass fibers are useful because of their high ratio of surface area to weight. However, the increased surface area makes them much more susceptible to chemical attack. By trapping air within them, blocks of glass fiber make good thermal insulation, with a thermal conductivity of the order of 0.05 W/ (mK). Indian glass fiber market is set to grow substantially in the next five years. The glass fiber industry in India is mainly driven by its domestic consumption by government, NGOs, and civic bodies. The Indian government use glass fiber in their defense segment and some projects may have more than 50% glass fiber materials used in them. Though the glass fiber industry slowed down during recession, it has gained momentum after 2011. According to market forecasts, India glass fiber market is expected to reach 754 million pounds ($752.7 M) by 2018. The fiberglass market was estimated at USD 13.95 Billion in 2017 and is projected to reach USD 18.75 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.1% between 2017 and 2022. The fiberglass market is growing due to the extensive use of fiberglass in the construction industry, use of fiberglass composites by the automotive industry for enhanced performance, and an increasing number of wind turbine installations. The global glass fiber market is promising with opportunities in the end use industries such as transportation, construction, pipe and tank, electrical and electronics, wind energy, and consumer goods, tanks, printed circuit boards, wind blades, and automotive parts. Emerging trends, which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the glass fiber industry, include cost optimization and performance enhancement of glass fibers. Glass fiber is primarily used as a composite in construction industry. It is highly used in building materials owing to the properties, such as lightweight, fire resistant, anti-corrosive, and exhibits excellent strength. It has been widely used in the construction industry for non-structural elements, like facade panels, piping, and channels. This material is very good in making shapes on the front of any building and it is less dense than steel. Therefore, the usage of glass fiber is increasing in construction industry, which is fueling the demand during the forecast period. Glass fiber is the most widely used reinforcing material in composites across the globe and accounts for a more than 90% share of reinforcement materials used in fiber reinforced plastics. Glass fiber offers qualities such as low weight, high strength, and impact resistance when compared its substitutes. Demand for glass fiber is high in end-use applications such as building and construction, transportation, consumer goods, industrial and wind turbine. Glass fiber comprises many extremely fine fibers of glass and is amorphous in nature. Glass fiber can also be used as a reinforcement material in plastic. Silicon dioxide, calcium dioxide, aluminum dioxide, and boron oxide are the key raw materials used in the production of glass fibers. Glass fiber is used in mats and fabrics as it offers corrosion resistance and thermal and electrical insulation. It is used in construction, aerospace tooling, automotive, electronics, and wind energy industries because of its excellent mechanical properties such as high tensile strength, stiffness, dimensional stability, thermal conductivity, and chemical resistance. Glass fiber reinforced concrete (GFRC) is a high-performance building material that is used in the construction industry. Owing to its low weight, high strength-to-weight ratio, and excellent durability, it is used in the automotive and wind energy industries. Marine and automotive industries are among the key consumers of glass fibers owing to the need for impact resistance and lightweight materials. As glass fibers are lightweight and impact resistance in nature, they are being incessantly employed in the automotive and marine industries. They are the primary reinforcement materials in the marine composited. Glass fibers such as e-glass fibers are employed in the manufacturing of glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRPs). Glass fiber reinforced plastics have features such as durability, high strength to weight ratio, and weather resistance, which are necessary for materials being used in the manufacturing of marine and automobile components. Glass fibers account for over 90% of the reinforcements that are used in the manufacturing of composites across the globe. There is an increased demand for glass fiber composites in the aerospace, automotive, wind energy, and construction & infrastructure applications, owing to their lightweight, high inherent strength, weather-resistant finish, and variety in surface textures offered by them. As the demand for glass fiber composites is increasing across the globe, several companies are investing in setting up their glass fiber composites manufacturing plants in the emerging economies such as China, India, etc. One of the major composite manufacturing companies, Owens Corning (U.S.), signed a strategic alliance with two China-based glass fiber manufacturing companies, namely, Xingtai Jinniu and Taishan Fiberglass in 2013 to enhance its supply of customized glass fiber reinforcements in the Asia-Pacific region. In 2017, the glass fiber market reached 2.5 billion pounds in terms of volume of composites materials produced. Tags Making of Glass Fiber, Glass Fiber, Glass Fiber Manufacturing, How Fiberglass is Made, Industrial Production of Glass Fibers, Glass Fibers Composite Manufacturing Process, Fiberglass Manufacturing, Manufacture of Glass Fiber, Glass Fiber Manufacturing Process Pdf, Glass Fiber Manufacturing Process PPT, Glass Fibres Manufacturing, Properties and Applications, How is Fiberglass Made?, Glass Fibre Production, Glass-Fiber Reinforced Composites Manufacturing, Manufacture of Glass Fibre, Continuous Filament Glass Fibres (CFGF), Continuous Filament Glass Fibre Products, Types of Glass Fiber, Glass Fibers and Fiberglass, Glass Fibres Project, Glass Fiber Processing, Start a Glass Fiber Manufacturing, Fibre Glass Manufacturing Plant, Project Report on Fiberglass Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Glass Fibre Production, Project Report on Glass Fiber Manufacturing, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Glass Fiber Manufacturing, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Glass Fibre Production, Feasibility report on Glass Fibre Production, Free Project Profile on Glass Fiber Manufacturing, Project profile on Glass Fibre Production, Download free project profile on Glass Fiber Manufacturing
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Glass Blocks

Glass blocks or bricks are architectural products that allow light to pass through, while also providing a level of privacy or obscuration. Glass blocks are typically square in shape and can have a variety of surface treatments that affect their transparency. Glass blocks are often assembled like bricks with a grout or sealant. Some blocks come with assembly systems that provide wall anchors and vertical and horizontal spacers to precisely align the blocks. The blocks are spaced accurately and consistently using the spacers and then bonded together with silicone. The joints are finished with tile grout or mortar. Glass blocks used in prisons and detention centers, police departments, and other high-risk locations are often set in steel frames for added strength and security. Glass blocks market forecast predicts that this market will grow at a CAGR of more than 7% by 2022. Factors such as easy installation due to the availability of pre-fabricated kits and increasing use of glass block windows in houses, commercial buildings, and industrial buildings will drive the glass blocks market growth. Also, the advantages such as light-weight and privacy makes the glass blocks useful in residential, commercial, and industrial end-user segments. Global Glass Block Market is expected to grow at a positive CAGR in the predicted period. The architectural element which is made from the glass is known as the Glass block. It provides a visual obstruction while they are transfer light. The glass block is meant for the floor as well as wall in terms of applications. They are manufactured from a single solid piece, or they have a thicker side wall than the standard wall blocks which can be used for the floors normally. Glass Block Market is segmented, By Applications Bullet and Vandal Resistance, Gas insulated, Colored, Fire Resistance, etc. There are some colored variants available in the glass wall blocks. Some hollow glass wall blocks are available in colored variants. UV stable can in the same locations as the standard clear glass blocks. Other methods which are colored glass blocks are obtained and is needed to inject colored material, dye or the transparent paints which are present in the hollow center of the blocks to form the coating permanent.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Glass Marble

Marbles are small balls of colored or decorated glass which are either intended for playing the ancient game of marbles or as collector's items. They can be mass produced or hand-made. One ancient method of making colored marbles was to put a mixture of sand and charcoal into an iron mould shaped like a marble and place small pieces from glass canes into this mixture, then heat and rotate the mould to melt and fuse all the edges. Marbles are small, round, spherical objects made from glass or stone and most commonly used in children's games. They are usually less than an inch (2.54 cm) in diameter and often brightly colored or otherwise decorated.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Optical Fiber Cable

An optical fiber (or fiber) is a glass or plastic fiber that carries light along its length. Fiber optics is the overlap of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and application of optical fibers. Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic communications, which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than other forms of communications. Cabling is the process of packaging optical fibers in a cable structure for handling and protection. India optical fiber cables (OFC) market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 17% through 2023. Growth in the market is majorly expected to be backed by rising investments in OFC network infrastructure by the Indian government to increase internet penetration across the country. The OFC market in India is projected to reach USD424 million by 2020 on account of growing adoption of smart phones, broadband services and upcoming 4G rollout. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian major players are as under • AkshOptifibre Ltd. • Aksh Technologies Ltd. • Apar Industries Ltd. • Birla Cable Ltd. • H T L Ltd. • Himalaya Communications Ltd.
Plant capacity: Optical Fibre Cable : 1000000 Kmtrs./AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 1411 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 8342 lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Glass Manufacturing (Security Glass, Window Glass, Glass Basin & Elevation Glass)

Security Glass Security glass was invented to provide maximum protection against deliberate attack. The security glass was designed to protect people and their property against vandalism or thieves. Glass panels may protect against any impact, falling objects as well as noise and fire. The security glass is considered to be safe, if its production method or combining processes allow to limit damages caused by hits, deformations or fire. Security glass offers protection against aggression and can act as an important deterrent against vandalism and infraction. The growing need of security in every sphere has marked the growth of bulletproof security glass market. It is finding its way in various applications like armoured cash truck, ATM booths, premium vehicles, banks, and others. While a majority areas of developed regions demand bulletproof security glass in as many applications as possible, developing economies are also witnessing significantly growing demand following the increasing need for reliable security. The global bulletproof security glass market accounted for US$ 4.24 Bn in 2017, and is expanding at a CAGR of 11.3% from 2018 to 2026. The bulletproof glass market is mainly driven by growing demand of global automotive industry. This coupled with growing demand from tech savvy consumers for various value added automobile products is also propelling the growth of bullet proof security glass market in the automobile segment during the forecast period. Elevation Glass These elevation glass & sheet is well inspected on each section for delivering its flawless range. Applicable in houses, offices, hotels and restaurants, offered cladding is highly appreciated for enhancing the look of premises. These elevators are ideally installed at malls, corporate towers; shopping complexes and other places. These are highly demanded in national as well as international market due to its features such as elegant designs, long service life, durability and low maintenance. Glass Market: The construction and automotive industries are the most important consuming sectors: almost 80 million square feet of land in India is earmarked for shopping malls. Nowadays, taking climate, safety, sound attenuation, energy conservation and aesthetics into consideration, builders are opting for more glass in their construction. The glass revolution is also taking place in the automotive industry which is predicted to grow following an 8% cut in excise duty on vehicles and the easy availability of flexible automobile loans. The glass industry is a continuously growing one. Growth in global glass market is significantly dependent on the growth of building construction sector, automobiles manufacturing and the food and beverage industry. Glass is one of the most widely used end user products in daily households.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Optical Glass

Optical glass is a fundamental assumption made by optical designers. Optical glass is an amorphous solid material, which is transparent and used for practical, technological, and decorative usages. It is used as a thermal insulator, reinforcement material, container material for environmental protection, aesthetic, building supplies, and for optical device systems. Optical glass is majorly used in consumer optics, which allows more light to transmit through lenses or glasses with elimination of reflection, thereby improving the clarity in vision. Global Optical Glass market size will increase to Million US$ by 2025, from Million US$ in 2017, at a CAGR of during the forecast period. In this study, 2017 has been considered as the base year and 2018 to 2025 as the forecast period to estimate the market size for Optical Glass. The global optical glass market is segmented on the basis of type, application, and geography. Based on type, the market is bifurcated into colorless and colored optical glasses. By supply form, it is divided into plate, round plate, worked rod, prisms, and others. Rapid economic growth and rise in disposable income have led to increased adoption of consumer electronics such as smart phones, tablets, laptops, computers, TVs, TFT, and LED screens in emerging economies such as India, China, and Brazil, which boosts the demand for optical glass. The electronics equipment production of world in 2014 was approximately $2 trillion, which fueled the demand for optical glass in electronics & semiconductor sector. However, volatility in prices of raw materials hampers the market growth. Optical glass finds applications in medical devices such as diagnostics & surgical tools and therapeutics, which is expected to provide potential growth opportunities for the market.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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