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Glass, Flat Glass, Art Glass, Hollow Glass, Automotive Glass, Optical Glass, glass processing line, Glassware Industry, Ceramic, Industrial Ceramics production, Ceramic Powder, Refractory, Pottery, Mining Industry, Metals and Natural Resources Industry

Glass is one of the most useful materials in our daily lives.There is a special relationship between glass and buildings. Glass is a magical material which has so many different properties and uses, that it has presented many new possibilities and designs. The types of glass presently manufactured in India are float glass and sheet glass.

The glass industry in India is worth around Rs 5,500 crore, which has which has shown good growth in the past few quarters driven by an uptick in demand from user-industries such as infrastructure, construction, automobiles, food processing, beverages, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, among others.The glass industry is diversifying into interior decoration, furniture, murals and other value additions to keep the show going. The growth of the industry is dependent on construction and architecture activities. However, the automobile sector is still a big user of flat glass. The construction sector is the largest consumer of float glass. Around 60 % of the total production is used by the construction sector. The glass sector has been growing at 10-12 per cent a year over the past five years. Real estate is the biggest consumer of flat glass for windows, doors, partitions and a host of other applications.

Global demand for flat glass will rise 5.5 percent annually through 2012, spurred by a healthy building construction environment and rapid growth in newer flat glass technologies. Developing countries in Asia (especially China and India), Latin America, Eastern Europe and the Africa/Mideast region will show the strongest advances.

The global market for flat glass is dominated by Europe, China and North America. These three regions account for more than two-thirds of global market demand. Emerging markets, like India, with extremely low per capita consumption of glass present a potential growth opportunity.

Some of the top players in this sector are Asahi India Glass, NSG Group, Saint-Gobain, Guardian Industries and Hindustan National Glass.

With stability on the cost side and good outlook on the demand side, the glass segment has good prospects. Robust growth in automobiles, infrastructure, liquor & other beverages, boom in building and construction will see the glass industry at its best in the coming years.

 

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GLASS BOTTLE FOR BEER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

A beer bottle is a bottle made to contain beer, usually made of glass and come in various sizes, shapes and colours. Dark amber or brown glass greatly reduces UV light from spoiling the beer.[1] However, lighter colored bottles are often used for marketing reasons. The first nationwide standardized beer bottles were introduced in Sweden in 1886. The medium size, 330ml (11.6 imp fl oz; 11.2U.S. fl oz), is still in use today, but is being phased out. Glass occurs naturally in two ways. When lightning strikes sand, the immense heat developed causes the silica grains constituting sand to fuse into long tubes of glassy material called fulgurites. Glass is also naturally formed when hot, molten lava from an erupting volcano is subjected to sudden, rapid cooling resulting in the deposition of under developed crystals of glass, more rightly referred to asobsidian. The technique of glass making too is based on similar lines. People learned to make the first glass containers about two thousand years ago. Molten glass was collected on the ends of hollow iron pipes and then expanded by blowing through the pipes. Slowly, people learnt to blow molten glass into moulds. Glass bottle making machines were introduced in the thirties. In the early seventies, environmentalists began arguing on the grounds that glass bottles added to pollution. This led to the setting up of numerous recycling centers where people could return bottles for reuse in other bottles. The entire process of bottle making is almost fully automated. An automated feeder separates a stream of molten glass into individual gobs. These are then dropped through tubes in a moving track. The gob is shaped into what looks like a short bottle with thick walls and is called a parison. The parison is transferred to a final mould made of iron, which moves up and clamps around the glass. Air is blown into the glass till it acquires the final shape of the mould. This procedure involving expansion is called blowing. The bottle is then released from the mould and annealed. MARKET SURVEY Glass bottles are used widely in the food industry. Glass faces tough competition in this sector though, from plastics, paper products and metals. It’s a very competitive market place. Plastics have made big headway into some of glass’s traditional markets, particularly in the food sector, but glass container production is still rising. He explained that glass often wins out as it is perceived to be a superior material. This is borne out by the results of surveys conducted on behalf of the Glass Packaging Institute (GPI): 96% of wine and beer drinkers in the US and Europe said they preferred their drink to be packaged in glass bottles. Consumers believe that glass provides a truer taste, by protecting the purity and quality of the drink better. The GPI says that, “Glass provides a barrier to oxygen and moisture, protecting it longer and better than any other packaging material... it communicates a premium image, taste and quality.” Soda-lime glass, while the most abundantly manufactured form of glass, has experienced testing times during the past few years as the global economic crisis significantly slowed the amount of new building as well as the amount of manufacturing worldwide. Glass was hit hard by a crash in the global housing market during the period 2008-2012. This collapse, in turn, caused the prices for some minerals used to produce glass - such as soda ash - to dip to the point where prices for the mineral were as low as they can feasibly go. Other glass-using industries, such as automobile manufacturing, also took a knock, which again filtered down to the raw materials demand level. While some glass markets dipped in 2012, this year has already begun to show some promise. In the housing sector, for example, 23 markets have demonstrated better year-on-year statistics in Q3 2012 compared with Q3 2011, according to a report by Global Property Guide. Recovery of the US housing market has been particularly evident, with growth in Q3 2012 being the highest since Q2 2006, according to the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), the Guide reported. Despite these encouraging results, the impact of the global economic crisis is still evident across the glass industry. Increased production costs, unilateral CO2 costs, fluctuating and unfavourable exchange rates, and high labour costs hamper the cost competitiveness at global level of the container glass sector. OPPORTUNITIES Only few major players are there in the market, each having its own specialty in making different types sizes of glass. Therefore, competition is low and specialization is high. Raw materials as sand (silica), limestone and soda ash are basic ingredients and are readily available in Pakistan. Pakistan's glass industry can plan for joint ventures for safety and automotive glass, while it has been exporting glass to Afghanistan at an increasing rate. Export oriented development projects by the Ministry of Industrial Production and Special Initiatives (MIP&SI) were announced during 2010 and are worth 969.97 Million Rupees for Glass and ceramics industry. Anti-dumping measures and penalties by the Government on Chinese substitutes favorably impact local manufacturers. The existence of many small and medium sized players requires a period of consolidation in the Industry, allowing it to me more competitive and invest in technology to boost its export potential. Ceramic product lines include a vast range of products; tiles, tableware, sanitary ware, refractory and insulators which are a source of immense amount of revenue. The domestic demand for tile, sanitary ware and table ware is rising because of the rapid urbanization and construction of houses. Large export potential in sanitary ware in Middle East, Africa and Central Asia exists which can be exploited by using local expertise for manufacturing of machinery. Facilitation of supply chain collaboration is needed by the sector which will eventually help in meeting the demand of the product. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS A C E Glass Containers Ltd. A G Glass Ltd. Cana Glass Ltd. Durgesh Block & China Glass Works Ltd. Excel Glasses Ltd. H S I L Ltd. Haldyn Corporation Ltd. Haldyn Glass Ltd. Haryana Sheet Glass Ltd. Hindusthan National Glass & Inds. Ltd. Jagatjit Industries Ltd. Mahalakshmi Glass Works Pvt. Ltd. Mohan Breweries & Distilleries Ltd. Mohan Meakin Ltd. Neutral Glass & Allied Inds. Pvt. Ltd. Piramal Glass Ltd. Shree Gobinddeo Glass Works Ltd. Shri Balkishan Agarwal Glass Inds. Ltd. Tilaknagar Distilleries & Inds. Ltd. Vazir Glass Works Ltd. Victory Glass & Inds. Ltd. Western India Glass Works Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100000 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 112 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 620 Lakhs
Return: 29.80%Break even: 63.13%
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TOUGHENED GLASS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Glass making, one of the oldest of industries, has had a fascination for man throughout the ages. The transmutation of common sand and earth into a gem- like, rigid, transparent material has all the romance of alchemy. Today, by far the greater volume of glass is made by fully automatic means, and a visit to a modern bottle factory, The glass technologist is the alchemist behind the scenes who must daily exercise his art, assisted by science, to ensure that the machines are capable of functioning properly. Glass cannot be shaped by brute force alone, as is the case with metals or plastics; it must be persuaded into shape by encouragement or constraint so that, like a perverse mule, its movement complies with its own inclination and yet is in the right direction. Therefore all amorphous materials are not necessarily glasses. The products obtained in all these processes give rise to X-ray diffraction patterns, which lack crystalline features such as sharp diffraction peaks. Their electron diffraction patterns generally consist of one or two diffuse hallows. But many such amorphous materials do not exhibit glass transition. Therefore it is assumed, unless stated otherwise, that glasses are only those amorphous solids which are obtained by the super cooling of melts. When a liquid is cooled from a high temperature to its melting temperature, (Tm), it generally solidifies to a crystalline product. It is only rarely that melts do not crystallize when they are cooled slowly. Therefore in order to obtain a glass the rate of super cooling has to be such that crystallization is bypassed. This requires rapid quenching in order to bypass crystallization. Thus the cooling or quenching rate, Q, which is a kinetic parameter is of great significance for glass formation. While in connection with annealing the residual stress in the glass was high if the holding temperature was high and the subsequent cooling rapid. Thermal toughening exploits this situation to the full. The holding temperature is made as high as the glass will stand without sagging and the cooling rate made as rapid as the glass will stand without breaking under the temporary chilling stress. Infact, the sagging temperature is slightly exceeded and the ware usually shows sign pf distortion tong marks. ? USES & APPLICATION A fully tempered glass is used in most modern glass facade, where glass strength is required. A fully tempered glass is recommended for windows that are on high floors or skylights where people are required to stand on top for cleaning. Tempered glass is also used in areas where risk of thermal breakage or impact breakage is high, fully tempered glass should be used so as to avoid risk of injury. Glass strength is also required in point fixed glazing, bolted and patches fittings. Toughened glass is used when strength, thermal resistance and safety are important considerations. The most commonly encountered tempered glass is that used for side and rear windows in automobiles. Fully tempered glass is used traditionally in place of other glass products in applications requiring increased strength and reduced likelihood of injury in the event of breakage. The building industry, motor vehicle industry and certain manufacturing industries find tempered glass is effective and economical in a wide range of applications. Fully tempered glass can satisfy federal, state and local building code requirements for safety glazing in such applications as doors, side lights, shower and tub enclosure, and interior partitions. It is also used in storm doors, patio-door assemblies, and escalator and stairway balustrades. As a glazing product it is used in windows and in spandrel areas (for wind pressure, small missile impact and thermal stress resistance). Special building applications include sloped glazing, racquetball courts, skylights (see below), and solar panels. Any conditions or requirements imposed in the applicable safety glazing laws and building codes limiting such special uses should be determined prior to glazing. MARKET SURVEY The glass industry represents a number of definable product segments: (a) flat glass including Float Glass, (b) glass containers and hollowware, (c) vacuum glass, (d) domestic and industrial glassware, (e) crystal glass, (f) fibreglass, (g) glass wool, (h) TV picture tube glass shells, and (i) laboratory glass. Most of the glass products have both industrial and consumer usages. Laboratory glass is a minor constituent. So are fibreglass and glasswool - although fibreglass is gaining momen-tum increasingly. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only about 0.8 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The total organised producers in the glass market have a turnover estimated at over Rs 40 bn, represented by a fairly large number of suppliers. The dominance of China as a major market supplier of glass products has been increasing with economic liberalisation and rising foreign investment. China accounts for about one-third share in the worldwide demand of flat glass. India has one of the lowest per capita flat glass consumption but with rapid growth in domestic construction and automotive market, it presents a significant opportunity for global majors, which have entered the market in a big way. India exports about 13,000 tonne of glass per month to the Middle East, African countries, Europe and South America. The rapid increase in the demand for flat glass in the domestic market has resulted in a cutback in exports by as much as 60% in the last couple of years. The two main entrants in the glass industry in the recent years have been Float Glass (a technological variant of flat or sheet glass) and crystalware. Fibreglass and glass wool are still a small turnover industry but has been operating in India for quite sometime. Flat glass is segmented into conventional sheet glass and Float Glass. Float Glass is stronger (by 25%) than normal sheet glass. It also has a much higher degree of optical clarity. Other varieties include figured and wired glass. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS Asahi India Glass Ltd. Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. Auroplast India Ltd. Gold Plus Glasses India Ltd. Hindusthan Safety Glass Works Pvt. Ltd. Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd.
Plant capacity: 30 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 162 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 499 Lakhs
Return: 50.48%Break even: 53.71%
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Glass Bottles using Broken Glass (Recycling of Glass) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Production Schedule

Glass is an amorphous (non-crystalline) solid material that exhibits a glass transition, which is the reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in amorphous regions within semi crystalline materials) from a hard and relatively brittle state into a molten or rubber-like state. Glasses are typically brittle and can be optically transparent. Millions of glass bottles are created worldwide every day. It is a highly mechanized process, and bottles in use today are no longer hand blown as they were in the past. A glass bottle is 100% recyclable with many new bottles containing glass which was created over 20 years ago. Less energy is used in recycling a glass bottle than creating the glass from raw materials, helping the environment. Worldwide, the alcohol industry is the largest user of glass packaging, which accounts for as much as 76% of all packaging of global spirits. According to Euro monitor nearly 200 billion units of glass sold in alcoholic drinks in 2012. The Indian Economy has been enjoying sustained growth for more than a decade, averaging of over 7% since 1997. Even during the 2008 global meltdown, the country had shown remarkable resilience. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- A C E Glass Containers Ltd. A G Glass Ltd. Cana Glass Ltd. Durgesh Block & China Glass Works Ltd. Excel Glasses Ltd. Haldyn Corporation Ltd. Hindustan National Glass & Inds. Ltd. Jagatjit Industries Ltd. Mahalakshmi Glass Works Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 75 Lakh Nos. /AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs.310 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs.839 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Tempering & Toughening of Flat Glass - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Tempered glass is made from normal annealed glass via a thermal tempering process in which the glass is subjected to heat till its softening point and then rapidly cooled. This increases the strength of the glass. A fully tempered glass is 4 to 5 times stronger than an annealed glass of similar thickness. A fully tempered glass is regarded as a safety glass and when it breaks it disintegrates into small blunt pieces which greatly reduce the chances of injuries and if there are any then they are superficial in nature. Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. Tempering creates balanced internal stresses when broken which cause the glass, to crumble into small granular chunks instead of splintering into jagged shards. The granular chunks are less likely to cause injury. Toughened glass is a type of soda-lime-silica glass with a sheet thickness 4-12 mm. The sheet has a central tensile stress of 500-1200 kg/cm2 and a ratio of surface compressive stress to central tensile stress of 2:1 to 4:1. The article is toughened by heat exchange with an oil (or chilled air) in which these are maintained from 0.01–0.07% liquid. The boiling point liquid may be an organic liquid such as carbon tetrachloride, methanol, benzene, toluene, trimethyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or Xylene etc. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only about 0.8 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The total organised producers in the glass market have a turnover estimated at over Rs 40 bn, represented by a fairly large number of suppliers. The major players including Gujarat Guardian, Indo Asahi, Triveni Glass, Gujarat Borosil and Float Glass India have been accumulating heavy losses. Some units were at the verge of turning sick. India exports about 13,000 tonne of glass per month to the Middle East, African countries, Europe and South America. The rapid increase in the demand for flat glass in the domestic market has resulted in a cutback in exports by as much as 60% in the last couple of years. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Asahi India Glass Ltd. Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. Auroplast India Ltd. Gold Plus Glasses India Ltd. Hindustan Motor Finance Corpn. Ltd. Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd. Sezal Glass Ltd.
Plant capacity: 240000 Sq. mt/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 189 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 559 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Hollow Glassware - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Glass is an amorphous (non-crystalline) solid material which is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in things like window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics. The most familiar, and historically the oldest, types of glass are based on the chemical compound silica (silicon dioxide), the primary constituent of sand. The term glass, in popular usage, is often used to refer only to this type of material, which is familiar from use as window glass and in glass bottles. Hollow Glasswares are made from silica sand and soda ash. Hollow Glasswares contribute about 80% of total glass production. Glass Hollow ware such as glass bottles, table ware, lemon set, tumbler, jar and chimney are being used since ancient times. These items have a great demand due to frequent use and regular breakage. Glasswares are very much useful and essential for storage and packing of wine, food and chemicals etc. Demand of glass containers is increasing consistently. Glass containers are widely used in every household. The most widespread glass products belong to the hollowware family. Hollow ware is encountered everywhere. In the broadest sense, these products are consumer goods such as bottles, or consumer durables such as drinking glasses or glass lamps. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Avantor Performance Materials India Ltd. • Central Scientific Supplies Co. Ltd. • Comet Glass Ltd. • Hindustan Vacuum Glass Pvt. Ltd. • I A & I C Pvt. Ltd. • La Opala R G Ltd. • Shreno Ltd. • Shri Balkishan Agarwal Glass Inds. Ltd. • Vyline Glass Works Ltd.
Plant capacity: Hollow Glass Ware:8 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 172 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 433 Lakhs
Return: 25.59%Break even: 62.29%
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Flat Glass - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Glass is the name given to all amorphous bodies that are obtained by lowering the temperature of a melt independently of its chemical composition and the temperature range of solidification, which as a result of the gradual increase of viscosity adopts the mechanical properties of a solid body. Glass is melted at a temperature between 1000 and 2000°C. Flat glass is the basic material that goes into end products that see through every day. It is used to make windscreens and windows for automobiles and transport, windows and facades for houses and buildings, as well as solar energy equipment like solar thermal panels and photovoltaic modules. It is also used, in much smaller quantities, for many other applications like interior fittings and decoration, furniture, "street furniture" (e.g. bus stops), appliances and electronics. This material plays a crucial role in modern society. However, due to its unique property, i.e. transparency, it goes unnoticed to the extent that people tend to forget about it and all it brings to their lives. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. ? Few Indian Major Players are as under • A I S Glass Solutions Ltd. • Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. • Cherry Fashions Ltd. • Gobind Glass & Inds. Ltd. • Gold Plus Glasses India Ltd. • Gopal Glass Works Ltd. • Gujarat Borosil Ltd. • Haryana Sheet Glass Ltd. • Jai Mata Glass Ltd. • Saint-Gobain India Pvt. Ltd. • Seraikella Glass Works Ltd. • Shree Vallabh Glass Works Ltd. • Triveni Glass Ltd.g
Plant capacity: Flat Glass:50 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 6054 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 9102 Lakhs
Return: 22.15%Break even: 40.72%
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Glass Sheet-Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Pr

It is difficult to conceive the contemporary architecture without glass. Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has wide spread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics. Regardless of it being used for windows, facade or interior partitions, glass connects the space, improves the quality of space, transmits sufficient light, and the contemporary types of glass may contribute to energy saving. It is known that energy saving is one of the most important architectonic challenges of our age. The wide variety of architectural glass commercially available coupled with the versatility and creativity one can explore with the material makes the design process exciting and challenging. There are hundreds of glass compositions as well as different coatings, colors, thick-nesses, and laminates, all of which affect the way light passes through the material. Glass is a brittle material and characteristically exhibits compressive strength much greater than its tensile strength. Strengthing techniques most of which involve prestressing to introduce surface compression, have been developed to the paint where glass can be employed it more arudaus environments than previously. Glass sheet is becoming more and more popular in commercial applications as it allows structures to be constructed that give the impression of being outside with the benefits of being inside protected from the elements (with the exception of the sun). Glass is also playing an increasing role in buildings where it provides an attractive and easy to maintain exterior surface. It should be noted that most glass used for this application is subject to a post heat treatment toughening process before use. The glass industry represents a number of definable product segments: (a) flat glass including Float Glass, (b) glass containers and hollowware, (c) vacuum glass, (d) domestic and industrial glassware, (e) crystal glass, (f) fibreglass, (g) glass wool, (h) TV picture tube glass shells, and (i) laboratory glass. Most of the glass products have both industrial and consumer usages. Laboratory glass is a minor constituent. So are fibreglass and glasswool - although fibreglass is gaining momentum increasingly. The two main entrants in the glass industry in the recent years have been Float Glass (a technological variant of flat or sheet glass) and crystalware. Fibreglass and glass wool are still a small turnover industry but has been operating in India for quite some time. Float Glass is a capital intensive process and the minimum economic size calls for a large investment. The segment witnessed the creation of large capacities in a very short time. The demand for float glass witnessed a phenomenal growth due to the comparative product quality at a relatively acceptable price. India exports about 13,000 tonne of glass per month to the Middle East, African countries, Europe and South America. The rapid increase in the demand for flat glass in the domestic market has resulted in a cutback in exports by as much as 60% in the last couple of years.Thus, as an entrepreneur this project offers an exciting opportunity to you. Few Indian Major Players are as under Asahi India Glass Ltd. Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. Auroplast India Ltd. Cherry Fashions Ltd. Float Glass India Ltd. Gobind Glass &Inds. Ltd. Gold Plus Glass Industry Ltd. Gujarat Borosil Ltd. Gujarat Guardian Ltd. H N G Float Glass Ltd. Haryana Sheet Glass Ltd. I A G Co. Ltd. Mahalaxmi Dyes & Chemicals Ltd. Saint-Gobain India Pvt. Ltd. Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd. Triveni Glass Ltd.
Plant capacity: Glass Sheet: 1000500 Sq.Mt/annumPlant & machinery: 919 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 1742 lakhs
Return: 14.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Toughened Glass - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

It is difficult to conceive the contemporary architecture without glass.Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical,technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware,and optoelectronics.Common glasses contain about 70% SiO2 Sodium carbonate, or soda ash decomposes, to sodium oxides as the batch of raw material melts. Consequentlyit acts as a flux. Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. A fully tempered glass is 4 to 5 times stronger than an annealed glass of similar thickness. The total market of glass was valued at Rs. 60 bn with 80% supplied by domestic producers. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum.India exports about 13,000 tonne of glass per month to the Middle East, African countries, Europe and South America. The rapid increase in the demand for toughened glass in the domestic market has resulted in a cutback in exports by as much as 60% in the last couple of years.Indian glass industry consists as elsewhere of a number of distinct segments: architecture (45% market share), automotive (15% market share), and value added glass (10% market share), mirrors and furniture (15% market share), respectively.The industry is growing at around 15% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only 1.2 kg compared 15 kg in China, 9 kg in developed countries and 35 kg in the USA.As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur with manufacturing of good quality of product. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Asahi India Glass Ltd. • Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. • Auroplast India Ltd. • Cherry Fashions Ltd. • Floatglass India Ltd. • Gobind Glass &Inds. Ltd. • Gold Plus Glass Industry Ltd. • Gujarat Borosil Ltd. • Gujarat Guardian Ltd. • H N G Float Glass Ltd.
Plant capacity: 384000 Sq.Mt./AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 280 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 729 lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Multicoloured Glass Bottle With Cork Cap on Top - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

A glass bottles are bottles made up of glass, which are used for handling liquid, paste or powder products from beverage, cosmetic or pharmaceutical industries. Shape, color and size of glass bottles may vary according to clients demand, architecture and strength. Almost all glass bottles are flat bottom, straight with a ‘neck’ for corking or sealing. Glass bottle come in a large variety of sizes and in different colors. These bottles are generally used for wine. Wine bottles are usually sealed with cork, but screw-top caps are becoming popular, and there are several other methods used to seal a bottle. The entire process of bottle making is almost fully automated.Glass bottles are used in various places such as they are used for packing juices, wine, beer, alcohol, oil.They are also used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. The total market of glass was valued at Rs. 60 bn with 80% supplied by domestic producers. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only about 0.8 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The total organised producers in the glass market have a turnover estimated at over Rs. 40 bn, represented by a fairly large number of suppliers. Apart from a very large number of small players in the glass industry, there are some 76 large and medium-sized producers.Of these, 44 produce containers and hollowware with a capacity of 1.5 mntonnes, which registered a production of 1.43 mntonnes. Although a good packaging medium, glass containers are progressively being replaced by substitute materials like plastics, aluminium and tetrapack. Glass, however, is the relatively more eco-friendly of materials.As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur with manufacturing of good quality of product. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Hindustan National Glass • Haldyn Glass • Victory Glass & Industries • Universal Glass • MahalaxmiGobind Glass • Mohan Crystal Glass • Alembic Glass Industries
Plant capacity: Multicolour Glass Bottles with Cork Cap on Top : 51,840,000 Nos/annumPlant & machinery: 2049 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 2992 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Toughened Glass Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. Tempering puts the outer surfaces into compression and the inner surfaces into tension. Such stresses cause the glass, when broken, to crumble into small granular chunks instead of splintering into jagged shards as plate glass (a.k.a. annealed glass) creates. The granular chunks are less likely to cause injury. As a result of its safety and strength, toughened glass is used in a variety of demanding applications, including passenger vehicle windows, shower doors, architectural glass doors and tables, refrigerator trays, mobile screen protectors, as a component of bulletproof glass, for diving masks, and various types of plates and cookware. ? Few Indian Major Players are as under: • Asahi India Glass Ltd. • Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. • Auroplast India Ltd. • Cherry Fashions Ltd. • Floatglass India Ltd. • Gobind Glass &Inds. Ltd. • Gold Plus Glass Industry Ltd. • Gujarat Borosil Ltd. • Gujarat Guardian Ltd. • H N G Float Glass Ltd. Market Outlook The Indian glass market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 15% over the next three years. Indian glass market is set to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15 per cent over the next three years. The glass consumption growth is expected in construction (10-12 per cent), automotive (20 per cent), consumer goods (15-20 per cent) and pharmaceuticals (15-18 per cent) sectors. Global tempered glass market is expected to reach USD 54.31 billion by 2022. The size of the glass industry in India is around $2.5 billion, out of which the container glass industry is around $0.87 billion. The Glass industry projects that the market for industrial gases in the glass industry is to grow from USD 2.57 Billion in 2015 to USD 3.49 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 6.29%. 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Plant capacity: 384000 Sq.Mt./AnnumPlant & machinery: 280 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project 729 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 58.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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