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Fuels (Alcohol fuel, Alternative fuels, Biomass, Biofuel, Combustion, Domestic fuels, Energy density, Fossil fuel, Fuel oil, Fuel poverty, Gas fuel, Hydrocarbon, Liquid fuels, Oxidation, Propellant, Solid fuel), Energy development Projects

A fuel is any compound that has stored energy. This energy is captured in chemical bonds through processes such as photosynthesis and respiration. Energy is released during oxidation. The most common form of oxidation is the direct reaction of a fuel with oxygen through combustion. Wood, gasoline, coal , and any number of other fuels have energy-rich chemical bonds created using the energy from the Sun, which is released when the fuel is burned (i.e., the release of chemical energy). Chemical fuels or the fossil fuels are useful reserve of fuels and are therefore used extensively to satisfy the demands of an energy-dependent civilization.

The biofuel business in India is expected to touch 50,000 crore by 2022. The Indian biofuel market has been consistently witnessing growth and developments for past few years. The Government of India is injecting huge amount of money and resources into the development of this sector in an attempt to reduce dependency on imported oil. High volatile oil prices and production levels have further enlightened the need for continuous developments of this sector.

The world petroleum coke market is anticipated to touch a revenue valuation of US$24.11 bn by the end of 2020. On account of environmental concerns and some traits causing pollution, the employment of petroleum coke could be discouraged, thus negatively affecting the demand in the world petroleum coke market. However, the process of gasification of petroleum coke is expected to up profit margins and encourage clean power production.

India's energy demand is set to rise, and hydrocarbons will play a key role in any possible growth scenario. The industry recognizes the potential, and global players are eager to contribute towards India's growth.


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COMPRESSED BIOGAS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The term biogases refer to gases created by the anaerobic fermentation of biological materials. Their main constituents are methane and carbon dioxide. Considerable quantities of biogases are produced by anaerobic fermentation of agricultural and organic waste (biogas), sludge digestion in the tanks of sewage treatment plants (sewage gas) and organic residues in garbage tips (land fill gas). Biogas can be utilized for electricity production, cooking, space heating and process heating. If compressed, it can replace compressed natural gas for use in vehicles, where it can fuel cell. Compressed bio-gas is becoming widely used in Sweden, Switzerland and Germany. A bio-gas powered train has been in service in Sweden. In India also compressed biogas is used in bus and car to save environment from pollution. The demand of compressed bio-gas is increasing very rapidly, so there is wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 1200 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 204 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 447 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 33.00%
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BIOMASS BRIQUETTES FROM BIO WASTE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Energy is the key factor in economic development of country. Biomass is a natural product of solar energy, and therefore, a renewable source of carbon and hydrogen, which are the basic constituents of energy and chemical products. Biomass should be termed not only as a potential renewable source of energy. Biomass that can be easily shredded and dispersed in water is good for anaerobic digestion whereas solid woody biomass with low moisture content is more suitable for thermo chemical route. Biomass briquettes is an ideal and best ready substitute to coal, fire wood, lignite etc. and easily replace these conventional fuels for heating steam generation etc. Briquettes solid fuel known as biomass can be used by the industrial, commercial and household domestic sectors. It is used in boilers of sugar mills, chemicals plants, paper mills, dying houses, food processing units, oil extraction units, vanaspati units etc. to generate steam and also for heating purpose. Biomass briquettes have calorific value saying/mm 3400-4200 kcal/kg. depending upon the raw materials used. The briquettes can be used in boilers for steam production or in gasifiers. There is very good demand of biomass briquettes. So new entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 4800 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 36 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 172 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 37.00%
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FUEL BRIQUETTES FROM BIOMASS (Bio Coal Briquettes from Agricultural Cellulosic Waste) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

Energy is the key factor in economic development of country. As we approach the turn of century our requirements of energy will increase rapidly and vastly. Though there are several alternative conventional as well as non-conventional energy sources have been developed, still world is facing energy crisis day by day and it will rise in the coming future with rapid increase in population as well as industrialization. India is one of the big countries in the world having vast energy resources but these are not properly exploited to achieve maximum benefit and to check energy crisis. At present our country is fulfilling its demand by importing the crude petroleum oil from gulf countries. It has been expected that approximately 450 million tons of coal, 80 million tons of crude oil and 150 million tons of firewood will be required at that time to meet the domestic demand in our country. Among the non-conventional forms of energy, Bio-Energy offers vast potential under Indian conditions, due to the wide spectrum of biomass available in different agro-climatic regions of the country. It is estimated that over 120 million tons of agricultural and forest residues are generated annually. The biomass includes agro-industrial bi-products and animal refuse. These constitute tremendous waste problems in spite of their known high energy potential. Currently both storage and disposal only add to costs and hence affects productivity and profitability. At present most of these are not collected at all, or are burnt to reduce fire hazards or used inefficiently. Handling and transportation of these materials is difficult due to their low bulk densities and irregular sizes. These wastes, after processing can be converted into high density, high value solid fuel briquettes, known as "BIOCOAL" which can be efficiently used to replace coal and fire wood. Briquettes solid fuel known as biocoal can be used by the industrial, commercial and household domestic sectors. It has been found that several alternative energy sources has come up, among them, utilization of agricultural residues, forest residues, municipal garbage into valuable solid fuel is one which is one of the modern and latest concept which has come up to meet the growing demand of fuel. It is a cheaper solid fuel with high calorific and heating value. Its demand will definitely rise with rapid industrialization in the coming future. So a new entrepreneur can well venture into this field by fully assessing the fuel requirement by different small, medium and large-scale industries. The new prospective and decisive entrepreneurs can well venture by installing a unit of biocoal manufacturing to satisfy present and future demand.
Plant capacity: 4800 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 28 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 129 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 38.00%
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BIOBUTANOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Biobutanol, an advanced biofuel, offers a number of advantages and can help accelerate biofuel adoption in countries around the world. It provides greater options for sustainable renewable transportation fuels, reduces dependence on imported oil, lowers greenhouse gas emissions, and expands markets for agricultural products worldwide. Biobutanol or Biobased Butanol Fuel is second generation alcoholic fuel with a higher energy density and lower volatility vs. ethanol. Over a dozen companies are focused on developing biobutanol on commercial scale. This is a true biofuel for masses with potential of little or no impact on food supply and ability to compete favorably with $80 bbl oil. Effort is focused on both fermentation of sugars, starch and other biomass and through pyrolysis and reformulation of biomass. The secondary appeal of biobutanol is its variety of commercial uses in an existing market worth over $5 billion dollars. Butanol is a key building block chemical in the $85 billion coatings, adhesives and inks market and an intermediate in the $700 billion global polymers market. DEFINITION Biobutanol is a four-carbon alcohol derived from the fermentation of biomass. When it is produced from petroleum-based feedstocks, it's commonly called butanol. Biobutanol is in the same family as other commonly known alcohols, namely single-carbon methanol and the more-well known two-carbon alcohol ethanol. The importance of the number of carbon atoms in any given molecule of alcohol is directly related to the energy content of that particular molecule. ADVANTAGES OF BIOBUTANOL • Biobutanol has a higher energy content than ethanol, so there is a much lower loss of fuel economy. With an energy content of about 105,000 BTUs/gallon (versus ethanol’s approximate 84,000 BTUs/gallon), biobutanol is much closer to the energy content of gasoline (114,000 BTUs/gallon). • Biobutanol can be easily blended with conventional gasoline at higher concentrations than ethanol for use in unmodified engines. Experiments have shown that biobutanol can run in an unmodified conventional engine at 100 percent, but to date, no manufacturers will warrant use of blends higher than 15 percent. • Because it is less susceptible to separation in the presence of water (than ethanol), it can be distributed via conventional infrastructure (pipelines, blending facilities and storage tanks). There’s no need for a separate distribution network. • It is less corrosive than ethanol. Not only is biobutanol a higher-grade more energy dense fuel, it is also less explosive than ethanol. • EPA test results show that biobutanol reduces emissions, namely hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Exact values depend upon the engine state of tune. • Biobutanol as a motor fuel - with its long chain structure and preponderance of hydrogen atoms - could be used as a stepping-stone in bringing hydrogen fuel cell vehicles to the main stream. One of the biggest challenges facing hydrogen fuel cell vehicle development is the storage of on-board hydrogen for sustainable range and the lack of hydrogen infrastructure for fueling. The high hydrogen content of butanol would make it an ideal fuel for on-board reforming. Instead of burning the butanol, a reformer would extract the hydrogen to power the fuel cell. Agricultural Benefits: • Biobutanol is produced from the same agricultural feedstocks as bioethanol (i.e. corn, wheat, and sugar beet/cane). • Biobutanol is good for global farmers as it provides another marketing opportunity for key agricultural products, thus enhancing value to farmers. • By facilitating / smoothing the introduction of biofuels into gasoline, either directly as biobutanol or indirectly through biobutanol’s synergy with ethanol, biobutanol will help expand the biofuels market as well as the markets for related agricultural produce, enhancing value for farmers. FUTURE FOR BIOBUTANOL Represents the next significant change required to meet the growth in demand for environmentally responsible, renewable fuels for transportation. Biobutanol fuel is gaining a lot of attention recently as an alternative fuel source that can be used in petrol engines immediately. It is a specialized form of butanol created from fermenting biomass that is like typical corn-based ethanol. It however scores above ethanol by being as similarly efficient as gasoline instead of offering a 70% fuel potency that incorporates regular corn-based ethanol. This suggests you will need less biobutanol to cover the same amount of distance. It also implies that although corn-based ethanol emits less CO2 it does have a propensity to raise food costs and is less efficient fuel economy sensible than both diesel and petrol making it a poor applicant as a replacement oil. Butanol is a superior fuel in many respects, whether it’s from a handling standpoint or from a usage standpoint or even a chemical standpoint
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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ALGAE BIOFUEL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Meeting the world’s growing energy demands will require a multitude of sources. Biofuel from algae could be a meaningful part of the solution in the future because of its potential as an economically viable, low emissions transportation fuel. Algae fuel is an alternative to fossil fuel that uses algae as its source of natural deposits. Several companies and government agencies are funding efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially viable. Harvested algae, like fossil fuel, release CO2 when burnt but unlike fossil fuel the CO2 is taken out of the atmosphere by the growing algae. High oil prices, competing demands between foods and other biofuel sources, and the world food crisis, have ignited interest in algaculture (farming algae) for making vegetable oil, biodiesel, bioethanol, biogasoline, biomethanol, biobutanol and other biofuels, using land that is not suitable for agriculture. Among algal fuels' attractive characteristics: they can be grown with minimal impact on fresh water resources, can be produced using ocean and wastewater, and are biodegradable and relatively harmless to the environment if spilled. Algae cost more per unit mass due to high capital and operating costs, yet are claimed to yield between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area than other second-generation biofuel crops. ADVANTAGES OF ALGAE Biofuels from photosynthetic algae have potential benefits and advantages. • Algae can be grown using land and water unsuitable for plant or food production, unlike some other first- and second-generation biofuel feedstocks. • Select species of algae produce bio-oils through the natural process of photosynthesis — requiring only sunlight, water and carbon dioxide. • Growing algae consume carbon dioxide; this provides greenhouse gas mitigation benefits. • Bio-oil produced by photosynthetic algae and the resultant biofuel will have molecular structures that are similar to the petroleum and refined products we use today. • Algae have the potential to yield greater volumes of biofuel per acre of production than other biofuel sources. Algae could yield more than 2000 gallons of fuel per acre per year of production. Approximate yields for other fuel sources are far lower: - Palm — 650 gallons per acre per year - Sugar cane — 450 gallons per acre per year - Corn — 250 gallons per acre per year - Soy — 50 gallons per acre per year • Algae used to produce biofuels are highly productive. As a result, large quantities of algae can be grown quickly, and the process of testing different strains of algae for their fuel-making potential can proceed more rapidly than for other crops with longer life cycles. • If successful, bio-oils from photosynthetic algae could be used to manufacture a full range of fuels including gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel that meet the same specifications as today’s products. ALGAE BIODIESEL OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA India is a rapidly expanding country in terms of both its population and its economy. Demographics indicate the population will grow because almost 40% of Indians are younger than 15 years of age and are likely to produce offspring. By 2050, United Nations' demographer's project that India will have added another 530 million people for a total of more than 1.5 billion. If India continues on its projected demographic path, it will overtake China by 2045, becoming the world's most populous country. Economic growth in India, as in many developing and developed countries, is currently correlated with increased energy consumption. The environmental issues often discussed in public policy debates in India arise because of two factors, the sectors responsible for energy use and where economic development is happening. Although a large proportion of Indians (approximately 70%) live in 550,000 rural villages, urbanization levels have increased consistently since 1971. The production of biodiesel in India is also attractive for several other reasons. Petroleum diesel fuel has been sold at government subsidized rates in India to keep the transport costs low and increase GDP. Currently, a litre of gasoline normally costs 2.5 times more than a litre of diesel fuel. Taking advantage of this cost differential, Indian car manufacturers have been investing heavily in the production of diesel vehicles. As such, there are a substantial number of vehicles on the road that demand diesel and would not require the relatively expensive retrofits needed to use Compressed Natural Gas (CNG). The final factor making biodiesel production in India attractive is the potential to cultivate cheap feedstocks. India's tropical climate is conducive to grow various species of micro-algae, which serves as natural benefit over other countries for the production of algal biodiesel. The micro-algae produced sufficient quantity of biodiesel to completely replace petroleum. While traditional high oil crops, such palm can produce 2000 to 2500 litre of biodiesel per acre, algae can yield 19,000-57,000 litre per acre. Hence there is a huge scope of algae biofuel in future.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: --
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Fuel Briquettes From Agro Waste - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities,Cost and Revenue

Fuel briquettes are made from agricultural and commercial residues such as weeds, leaves, sawdust, rice husks and scrap paper are an unique yet well proven technology to provide fuel wood. Briquette/ Bio coal or white coal is a solid fuel made from a variety of waste materials such as charcoal from low-density wood, agro forestry waste material, domestic, municipal solid wastes and typically any type of biomass waste. A wide array of feed stocks, some that are not pelletable, can be briquetted, including agricultural residues, paper, etc. Briquetting is the process which converts these low density biomass into high density and energy concentrated fuel briquettes. With a calorific value of about 4000 kcal/kg, the raw materials give superior briquettes particularly because of negligible ash contents while burning. Applications: Briquettes solid fuel known as bio coal can be used by the industrial, commercial and household domestic sectors. It is used in the following areas to generate the energy. Briquettes are widely used for any thermal application where coal can be utilized i.e. steam generation in boilers, heating purpose etc. They are used as a flammable material in brick kilns, paper mills, chemical plants, distilleries, pharmaceutical units, dyeing houses, food processing units, oil mills etc. Bio coal is used as fuel for biogas generation, which have shown very encouraging results and can be used to drive engines, generating sets and may eventually replace coal based producer gas systems and oil firing in furnaces. Bio coal is a forth coming fuel of the world. It’s a high quality asset towards economical, ecological, & advanced environmental company policy. Briquette fuel is an ideal and ready substitute for coal and fire wood and lignite etc. and easily replaces these conventional fuels for heating or steam generation etc. Market Survey: Biomass market in India is growing steadily as new initiatives are being taken and investments start flowing in. Additionally, the government is giving various incentives and subsidies to promote the usage of biomass power. These measures can go a long way if the gap in demand and supply needs to be bridged and India has to attain energy security. India produces about 450 to 500 million tons of biomass per year. Biomass provides over 30% of all the primary energy used in the country at present. It is estimated that the potential in the short term for power from biomass in India varies from about 18,000 MW, when the scope of biomass is as traditionally defined, to a high of about 50,000 MW if one were to expand the scope of definition of biomass. The current share of bio fuels in total fuel consumption is extremely low and is confined to just 5% blending of ethanol in gasoline, which the government has made mandatory in 10 states. Currently, biodiesel is not sold on the Indian fuel market, but the government plans to meet 20% of the countrys diesel requirements by 2020 using biodiesel.
Plant capacity: 3600 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 16 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 161 Lakhs
Return: 45.64%Break even: 37.83%
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Wood Pellets Production from Sawdust

Wood Pellets Production from Sawdust. Earn Money from Wood Waste (Sawdust). Turning Sawdust into Briquettes. Wood pellets, known for generating low emission and high power is gaining attention as an alternative to fossil fuels. Consumption of wood pellets for heating and power generation offers great advantages over burning fossil fuels, including renewability, low requirement of work input, cheap operating costs, and less emission of harmful substances. Based on feedstock, the Wood Pellets Market is segmented into forest residues, agricultural residues, and energy crops. On the basis of the type of pellet heating appliance, the market segmentation includes free standing pellet stoves, pellet stove inserts, and pellet boilers. According to the application, it is categorized into power generation in industries, co-firing in industries, heating in residential sites, and heating in commercial sites. Wood pellets have emerged as a viable and promising renewable energy source replacing coal in various advanced regions such as North America and Europe. The market for these biomass gained traction since they are considered to have low carbon footprints. The use of wood pellets as fuels has gained adoption for heating homes and power boilers, especially in various countries of Europe. The easy availability of raw materials such as timber and compacted sawdust and the low cost of production are key factors offering robust impetus to the wood pellets market. The mounting environmental concern about greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in countries such as the U.S., Canada, and Russia has made biomass fuels popular. In recent years, considerable progress made in logistics and advancement in combustion technology have boosted the wood pellets market. Wood pellets are fast becoming popular in North America owing to the increasing prices of primary fuel. Demand for wood pellets in North America as a bio-mass fuel is increasing significantly, attributed to high demand for industrial as well as commercial purposes. Rising prices of fossil fuels including natural gas and fuel oil is one of the major driving factors for wood pellet heating. Concerns about climate change in North America is also stimulating the growth of the wood pellet market in the region. Wood pellet markets comprise two primary sectors: industrial wood pellets that are used as a substitute for coal in power plants, and premium pellets used in pellet stoves and pellet boilers for heating. Increasing carbon emission is a major driving force for the wood pellet market in the Western Europe region. There is high demand for wood pellets in this region to reduce carbon emission and raise the contribution of total renewable energy consumption. The use of co-firing and dedicated biomass power plants is a part of the compliance plan, which helps drive the wood pellet market in this region. Based on geography, the market is segmented into Europe, Asia Pacific, North America, Central and South America, and the Middle East and Africa. Of these, Europe is a major market for wood pellets and led the market in 2015. The substantial demand for wood pellets from the U.K. has fuelled this regional market. The regional market is propelled by numerous government initiatives such as significant fiscal subsidies to boost the generation of renewable sources of energy. This has incentivized the use of wood pellets to produce electrical energy in this region. The primary applications of the wood pellets are for heating and in power plants. The heating application segment held a major market share in 2016 and is expected to lead the overall market by revenue through the forecast period. The wide application of wood pellets for heating industrial and residential establishments is expected to boost the growth of segment in the coming years. The growing popularity of pellet fuel in advanced nations such as Canada is expected to bolster the demand for wood pellets in various regions. Recent advancements in wood pellet manufacturing processes have improved the commercial production of biomass, thereby accentuating the demand for wood pellets in heating applications. Furthermore, the setting of these manufacturing units are less capital-intensive than those for wind and solar energy, which has boosted the application of wood pellets for heating applications. The global wood pallet market is estimated to be valued at nearly US$ 9,205 Mn by 2017 end and is expected to register a CAGR of 8.7% over the forecast period to be valued at nearly US$ 21 Bn by the end of 2027. Amongst all regions, Western Europe is anticipated to account for 72.6% value share in the global wood pellet market by 2017 end, followed by North America with 7.8% value share. Western Europe is anticipated to exhibit a higher incremental value during the forecast period as compared to other regions. Asia Pacific excluding Japan is projected to register a CAGR of 9.9% over the forecast period to account for 8.7% value share by 2027 end. Middle East and Africa is expected to account for 0.7% value share in the global wood pellet market by 2017 end. The market in MEA will register a CAGR of 7.4% over the forecast period. Sawdust is a kind of by-product from cutting, grinding, drilling, sanding or pulverizing wood with a saw or other tools. Traditionally it is used for making particleboard to make furniture or wood pulp to produce paper; also can be served as mulch, alternative to clay cat litter. The most significant role of sawdust is played as fuel by processed into pellets. It is an emerging and promising career to make wood pellets from sawdust. Nowadays, hundreds of countries all over the world have built their factories of making wood pellets from sawdust. Usages of Sawdust Pellets: • As a matter of fact, sawdust pellet made from waste wood is a good kind of fuel to replace traditional fossil fuels like coal, gas, petrol, etc. It can be used for burning in a stove to cook at home; • Heat the house, school, hotel, or greenhouse, farm; • Industrial scale sawdust pellets production can be used in thermal power plants to replace coal. • Used as cat litter to replace clay; • Also can be used as horse bedding, or beddings for cow, chicken, dogs, and other animals. • Other usages waiting to be discovered. Steps of Sawdust Pellets Making Process: ? Get the raw material ready. Generally sawdust is small enough for pellet making. So the first step is to add water to the sawdust till its moisture content is between 8-15%, which is the best moisture content for pelletizing. But if the raw material is wood chips, they should be pulverized first. ? Put the sawdust into the pellet machine gradually. Large scale pellet production need a screw feeder to make sure stable feeding of raw material. ? After pelletized, the sawdust pellets are of high temperature that is not suitable for direct packing. So they should be cooled by pellet cooler. ? Then, pellets go through a vibrating sieve, where good pellets will be left, while broken ones or powder will be collected for reproduction. ? After all the above procedures, pellets can be packed with a pellet packing machine. Tags Sawdust Wood Pellet Making Process, Production of Wood Pellets, Pellet Production, How to Make Wood Pellets From Sawdust? 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Earn Money from Wood Waste (Sawdust), Opportunities in Production of Wood Pellets from Sawdust, Turning Sawdust into Briquettes
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Solid Fuel Cake

A hexamine fuel tablet is a form of solid fuel in tablet form. The tablets burn smokelessly, have a high energy density, do not liquefy while burning and leave no ashes. Invented in Murrhardt, Germany, in 1936, the main component is hexamine, which was discovered by Aleksandr Butlerov in 1859. Some fuel tablets use 1, 3, 5-trioxane as another ingredient. The tablets are used for cooking by campers, the military and relief organizations. They are often used with disposable metal stoves that are included with field ration packs. A pot can be supported above this with a circle of chicken wire or metal tent pegs. The burning tablets are sensitive to wind, so a simple windscreen should be used, such as a strip of aluminium foil curved in a circle around the pot and stove.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Biodiesel Production from Algae

Biodiesel Production from Algae. Algae Fuel Manufacturing Business. Investment Opportunities in Biofuel Manufacturing Industry Algae are photosynthetic organisms that live under water. Biodiesel production from algae has the potential of considerably larger amounts of fuel in terms of growth area. The amount of agricultural land needed is reduced to 5%. Biodiesel is used in diesel engines, and is thus different from the waste and vegetable oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Blends of biodiesel are also used as heating oil in space heating applications. Biodiesel is oil from plants or animals used as an alternative to or blended with petroleum diesel in automobiles and industrial fleets with diesel engines. Easy to Use One of the great advantages of biodiesel is that it can be used in existing engines, vehicles and infrastructure with practically no changes. Biodiesel can be pumped, stored and burned just like petroleum diesel fuel, and can be used pure, or in blends with petroleum diesel fuel in any proportion. Power and fuel economy using biodiesel is practically identical to petroleum diesel fuel, and year round operation can be achieved by blending with diesel fuel. Blending and Switching with Diesel Fuel Biodiesel can be used 100% (B100) or in blends with petroleum diesel fuel. When biodiesel is first used in a vehicle, it may release fuel tank deposits which can lead to fuel filter plugging. After this initial period, a user can switch between biodiesel and petroleum diesel whenever needed or desired, without modification. Biodiesel as a transportation fuel Most of the trucks, buses, and tractors in the United States use diesel fuel. Diesel fuel is a nonrenewable fuel made from petroleum. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that is made from vegetable oils, grease, and animal fats. Using biodiesel fuel produces less pollution than using petroleum diesel fuel. Any vehicle that operates on diesel fuel can use biodiesel. Advantages of Biodiesel as Fuel • 75% cleaner than conventional diesel fuel. • Reduces unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate matter in exhaust fumes. • Contains no sulphur. • Emissions are nearly 50% less than conventional diesel fuel. • Doesn’t cause eye irritation • More biodegradable than sugar and less toxic than table salt. • Fuel economy is the same as conventional diesel fuel. • Much better lubricant than conventional diesel fuel and extends engine life • High cetane rating, which improves engine performance. • 1% biodiesel will increase lubricity by 65% • Biodiesel can be produced from any fat or vegetable oil, including waste cooking oil. Market Outlook The global biodiesel market is expected to reach USD 54.8 billion by 2025. The key factors for the growth of this market are minimizing storage issues with stability and transportation issues with high cost of delivered fuel compared to fossil fuels; it can reduce the ecological problems such as global warming, greenhouse effect and pollution. The growth in the global biodiesel market can be attributed to the proactive implementation of biofuel policies in various nations including US, Argentina, Brazil, and Indonesia. The regulations regarding the formulation of fuel in these regions are expected to increase the share of biodiesel, thereby increasing the demand. The global biodiesel market is slated for a huge growth in the next few years, not only because of the growing environmental concerns, but also because of the surging prices for non-renewable sources of energy, such as petroleum. Governments are enhancing the use of biodiesel across the globe and many countries have initiated merging of conventional diesel with a percentage of biodiesel. In biodiesel market by verticals, biodiesel is used as a fuel in many verticals including automobile, marine, railway, and agriculture industries, in pure form B100' or by forming blends with conventional petroleum diesel. These blends are B2', B5' and B20', which include 2%, 5%, and 20% biodiesel, respectively. Biodiesel has a higher lubricity (50:1) than that of traditional petroleum diesel. This belonging of biodiesel encourages its use in the vehicle enterprise as it reduces wear and tear of the engine. The excessive cetane value of biodiesel additionally maximizes engine life by way of ensuring entire gasoline combustion and leaving no residue. Biodiesel is used in the marine industry also as it is a good material as a shipping fuel, being biodegradable, non-toxic and essentially free of sulphur and aromatics. The biodiesel market has been segmented based on the feedstock used for products such as vegetable oils, animal fats, biomass, and others (brown grease/ trap grease); and verticals such as automotive, aviation, industrial, marine, residential & commercial heating, power generation, and agriculture. Biodiesel contains no petroleum products, but it is compatible with conventional diesel and can be blended in any proportion with mineral diesel to create a stable biodiesel mix. Biodiesel is eco-friendly, non-toxic and basically free from sulfur; it is renewable and can be produced from plant resources and agriculture. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel, which has a correlation with sustainable development, environmental preservation, energy conservation, efficiency and management. Growth in food industry driving the production of feed stock made from residue of soybean oil, corn oil, canola oil and animal fats enabling the handiness of feed stock required for production of biodiesel which in turn is fueling the production of biodiesel over the forecast period. Moreover, favorable regulatory support for mandatorily blending of biodiesel in diesel fuel is projected to fuel the consumption of biodiesel. However, raw material availability and high cost of installation of biodiesel production plant are factors expected to hamper the growth of biodiesel market during the forecast period. Some of the major competitors of the global biodiesel market are Poet, Llc, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Flint Hills Resources LP, The Andersons, Inc., Raizen, Copersucar, and Abengoa. Other developing economies like Europe, China, Russia, and India are also experiencing steady development and are expected to show an increase in stability in near future. Emerging Biofuel Market in India Bio-diesel production is in rise day-by-day basis in India as well as foreign countries. The major reason behind the phenomena is the limited amount of petroleum product reservoirs. The Indian biofuel market has been consistently witnessing growth and developments for past few years. The Government of India is injecting huge amount of money and resources into the development of this sector in an attempt to reduce dependency on imported oil. High volatile oil prices and production levels have further enlightened the need for continuous developments of this sector. The Indian biofuel sector is expected to see robust growth in coming years. Currently, ethanol dominates the Indian biofuel sector, but biodiesel will soon join the commercial stream as the phase one of pilot projects has already been completed. Being at the initial stage, but with huge potential in terms of production, the Indian biofuel industry will prove to be a good option for biofuel producers. Tags #Biodiesel_from_Algae, #Algae_Fuel, Biodiesel from Algae Oil, #Biodiesel_Production, #Algal_Biofuel, #Biodiesel_Production_from_Algae, #Algae_for_Biofuel_Production, Production of Biodiesel from Algae, How to Produce Biodiesel from Algae, How to Make Biodiesel from Algae, Producing Biofuels from Algae, #Biofuel_Production, Biodiesel Production, Biodiesel Production Process, Production of Biodiesel, Biodiesel Production Cost, #Biodiesel_Production_Process Flow Diagram, Biodiesel Production in India, Biodiesel Production PPT, Biodiesel Manufacturing Business, Set-Up Bio-Diesel Production Unit in India, Biodiesel Business Opportunity, #Starting_a_Biodiesel_Production, Bio-Diesel Production Unit, Bio-Diesel Production, How to Start a Biodiesel Business, Starting a Biodiesel Business, Biodiesel Plant, Biodiesel Business Plan, Small Scale Biodiesel Production, Biofuel Manufacturing Industry, How to Start Biodiesel Production Business in India? Biofuel Manufacturing, Biodiesel Manufacture in India, Biodiesel Manufacturing Plant, Biodiesel Production Business, Biodiesel Industry, Detailed Project Report on Biodiesel Production, fuel for the future, #Project_Report_on_Biodiesel_Production, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Biodiesel Production, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Biodiesel Production, Feasibility report on Biodiesel Production, Free Project Profile on Biodiesel Production, Project profile on Biodiesel Production, Download free project profile on Biodiesel Production
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Neem Oil and Neem Cake Production Business

Neem Oil and Neem Cake Production Business. Setting up a Neem (Azadirachta indica) Processing Plant The material left after oil is squeezed out from seeds and is popularly known as the seed cake; it acts as a bio fertilizer and helps in providing the required nutrients to plants. It is widely used to ensure a high yield of crops. Neem oil is a vegetable oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the Neem tree, Azadirachta indica, which is endemic to the Indian sub-continent and has been introduced to many other areas in the tropics Neem seed oil can also be obtained by solvent extraction of the neem seed, fruit, oilcake or kernel. Neem oil is a naturally occurring pesticide found in seeds from the neem tree. It is yellow to brown, has a bitter taste, and a garlic/sulfur smell. It has been used for hundreds of years to control pests and diseases. Components of neem oil can be found in many products today. These include toothpaste, cosmetics, soaps, and pet shampoos. Neem oil is a mixture of components. Azadirachtin is the most active component for repelling and killing pests and can be extracted from neem oil. The portion left over is called clarified hydrophobic neem oil. Neem cake organic manure protects plant roots from nematodes, soil grubs and white ants probably due to its residual limonoid content. It also acts as a natural fertilizer with pesticidal properties. Neem cake is widely used in India to fertilize paddy, cotton and sugarcane. Neem cake organic manure is the by-product obtained in the process of cold pressing of neem tree fruits and kernels, and the solvent extraction process for neem oil cake. Uses Neem Oil can soothe skin ailments such as inflammation, and it can reduce feverish body temperatures, while eliminating joint and muscle pain caused by rheumatic disorders. Neem Oil can be applied to the skin as a toner that restores moisture to the face while eliminating pathogens beneath the skin’s surface to leave skin looking and feeling healthier and younger. The Neem Oil which is extracted from the Neem Seeds has insecticidal and medicinal properties and is used in pest control. The leaves of the Neem Tree can be used to treat chicken pox and warts. It is used by applying the leaves in paste form directly to the skin. Neem leaves too are used to make a tea to reduce the fever caused by Malaria. Also, the leaves can be added to hot water to brew a foot soak to treat various foot fungi. It can also be used by adding it to the bath water for a relaxing time in the tub. Skin infections such as acne, psoriasis, scabies, and eczema can be treated with the anti-bacterial properties of Neem. Neem cake organic manure is widely used on crops like fruits, vegetables, sugarcane, Tea, Coffee, Paddy, Aromatic plants, Banana, and spice plantations and also in floriculture. Neem Seed Cake is used as a soil amendment which enriches the soil and lowers nitrogen loss. Plus it works as a nematicide. Market Outlook Global Neem Oil market size will increase to Million US$ by 2025, from Million US$ in 2018, at a CAGR of during the forecast period. The neem oil market is segmented based on application, type, and region. Based on application, the market is divided into pesticides/agriculture, pharmaceutical industry, personal care, and cosmetics. Based on product type, it is classified into leaf extract oil, seed extract oil, and bark extract oil. Based on region, it is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA. Neem oil is also potent element in pest repellent, which ultimately favors the market growth since it encourages neem oil manufacturing. However, countries such as Africa, which hold a smaller number of neem trees are compelled to import from Asian countries. This increases their cost of raw material and hence manufacturing of the product. Therefore, these manufacturers are inclined to opt for substitute herbs, which might consequently hinder the growth of the neem oil market. Neem oil is also potent element in pest repellent, which ultimately favors the market growth since it encourages neem oil manufacturing. However, countries such as Africa, which hold a smaller number of neem trees are compelled to import from Asian countries. This increases their cost of raw material and hence manufacturing of the product. Therefore, these manufacturers are inclined to opt for substitute herbs, which might consequently hinder the growth of the neem oil market. Neem Oil Market Segment by Manufacturers includes: • E.I.D. Parry • Neeming Australia Pty Ltd. • P.J. Margo Pvt. Ltd. • Agro Extract Limited • Ozone Biotech Pvt. Ltd. • GreeNeem Agri Private Limited • Fortune Biotech Ltd. • Swedenn Neem Tree Company • Bros Sweden Group • Certis USA LLC • Terramera Inc. The global market for neem is booming alongside a growing interest in natural and organic products around the world. The neem market is expected to grow from $653 million in 2015 to $1.8 billion in 2022, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16.3%. The majority of the neem extract market is currently based in the Asia-Pacific, with significant demand now coming from the United States, Spain and Italy. The major factors driving the global neem market are the crop’s efficient, safe and cost-effective applications in organic agriculture. The increasing concern of people and regulatory authorities towards the harmful effects of chemical-based fertilizers and pesticides on human health, has been compelling the farmers to use bio-based farm products. This has led to significant increase in the demand for bio-based fertilizers and pesticides. Global Neem Extract Market The global neem extract market is expected to grow from $653.7 million in 2015 to $1.87 billion in 2022 at a CAGR of 16.3%. Among all application areas, the agriculture segment accounted for the highest share of 40% in the total revenues of neem extract products. The demand of neem extract based fertilizers and pesticides is also escalating. Rich in proteins, amino acids, carotene and minerals, neem leaves and seed cakes are given as fodder to livestock population such as camel, goat, sheep and cross bred lambs, to increase their productivity. Neem is also known to be effective pest repellent for pet animals, which encourages neem oil manufacturing and eventually, drives the growth of the neem extract market. The demand of Neem products are increasing day by day. Agriculture sector is now becoming a major consumer of the neem products viz. Neem oil, neem cake and neem based pesticides. Being eco-friendly and natural source of phyto-chemicals and nutrients it is preferred to apply Neem manure and pesticide in agriculture especially in organic farming all over the world. Tags Production_of_Neem_Oil_and_Cake, Neem_Oil, Neem_Oil_Extraction_Process, Extraction and Making of Neem Oil, How to Make Neem Oil Pesticide, Neem Oil Manufacturing Unit Cost, Neem Oil Extraction Project Cost Pdf, Neem Oil Extraction Plant, Neem Oil Extraction, Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Business, Processing of Neem, Extraction of Neem Oil, Making Neem Oil, Neem Oil, #Neem_Cake_Manufacture, Neem Oil Extraction Busines, How to Start Neem Oil Extraction Business, Neem Oil Manufacture, Neem Based Pesticide Formulation, Project Report on Extraction of Neem Oil, Neem Oil Manufacturing Plant, Neem Oil Manufacturing Plant, Neem Oil, #Margosa_Oil, Azadirachta Indica, #Neem_Seed_Processing, Project Report on Neem Oil, Neem Cakes, Manufacture of Neem Cake, #Small_Scale_Commercial_Neem_Production, Neem Cake Manufacture, #Neem_Cake_&_Oil_Manufacturing, Neem Cake and Neem Oil, Project Report on Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Industry, Detailed Project Report on Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Business, #Project_Report_on_Neem_Oil_and_Cake_Manufacturing_Business, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Business, Techno-Economic feasibility study on Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Business, #Feasibility_report_on_Neem_Oil_and_Cake_Manufacturing_Business, Free Project Profile on Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Business, Project profile on Neem Oil and Cake Manufacturing Business
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