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Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Projects

Non-ferrous metals are used as raw or subsidiary materials to make products in virtually all manufacturing segments. Their use has further expanded into high-tech electronic and IT industries in recent years. In particular, their consumption has sharply increased in developing countries where high economic growth continues, with new infrastructure being built alongside active industrial production.

Industry expected to post CAGR of 7% over 2015-2020 driven by increasing steel production in India and capacity additions in aluminium industry. Turnover of basic precious and non-ferrous metals rises by 8% driven by 16% growth of precious metals. In 2015, steel production value increases by 12% boosting demand for non-ferrous metals such as zinc and tin. Imports of precious metals rise by 27% to Rs740 billion in 2015 driven by increased imported volume of gold and silver. Indian basic precious and non-ferrous metals market rises by 8.3% driven by increased demand for precious metals gold and silver.

Indian demand for non-ferrous metals is expected to grow at 8 per cent between 2016 and 2021. Non-ferrous metals include metals like aluminium, copper, zinc and lead that find application in many industrial and infrastructural uses like real estate, automotive, defence, rail, power etc.

The expected demand growth in the non-ferrous metals industry is even better than the healthy trend observed in the last five years, “Over 2016-17 to 2021-22, the demand for these metals is expected to grow by around 8 per cent in line with strong economic prospects, thrust on manufacturing sector, healthy growth in key end-use segments further aided by rising usage intensity,

Global non-ferrous metals market and is expected to reach 107 million metric tons by 2020. The growth in this region is attributed to the increasing consumption of non-ferrous metals in India, China, and Japan.

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FERRO ALLOYS-FERRO MANGANESE, SILICO MANGANESE, FERRO SILICON BASED ON ALUMINOTHERMIC PROCESS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

The primary objective of the study is to review the technological status of ferroalloys industry in the country in the area of bulk production of silicon. Bulk ferro alloys include ferro manganese, ferrosilicon etc. Manganese is used in metallurgical Industries in the form of ferro-manganese. Ferro-manganese contains about 80% Mn and 20% Fe. Generally ferro-manganese is produced in blast furnace or an electric furnace. There are no rigid ore-requirements for ferro-manganese produced in the blast furnaces. The high carbon ferromanganese is the most important grade of ferromanganese, which is produced by carbothermic reduction of high-grade Mn ores, and low iron content. Ferromanganese is used to add manganese in steel equivalent to 200 series stainless steel. Silicon manganese is produced by carbothermic reduction of Mn slag & quartzite. It should be noted that the derived level of phosphorus content in the ferromanganese is 0.35% max. Silico-manganese is used as a blocking agent to prevent the reaction of carbon & oxygen in steel. The most important consideration in the development of a satisfactory aluminothermic reaction is that the self-propagating reaction which occurs throughout the charge, consisting of an intimately mixed and finely divided mixture of aluminium powder and the metal oxide, shall produce enough heat to melt the products of reaction and to allow separation of the metal and the slag. The commercial development of the aluminothermic process was due largely to the work of H. Goldchmidt. The reaction is generally highly exothermic and the risk of explosion, therefore, sometimes considerable. Gold Schmidt developed satisfactory techniques for its control on a production basis. The excellent account of a modern aluminothermic plant has been given by them who list very fully the consideration, which leads to successful application of the process. The Ferro Alloy Industry was identified by DSIR (Department of Scientific And Industrial Research) as one of the best sectors. This industry has already completed three decades of existence. This is principal alloying agent used in steel manufacturing, steel iron casting etc. where it also acts as a strengthener & deoxidiser. Ferro Alloys are important materials required for the country’s steel production. So, there is good scope for new entrants in this field. Domestic ferro alloy industry is not able to meet the steel industry expectation in spite of having enough capacity to manufacture ferro alloys. According to the data published by Indian Ferro Alloys Producers' Association (IFAPA), capacity utilisation of the ferro alloy industry is only 65 percent for the manganese and chrome alloys. Both the manganese and chrome alloy manufacturers are starved for the basic raw material - the ores. In India, there are 133 companies producing ferro alloys in bulk with 252 furnaces. Most of the companies are manufacturing either manganese or chrome alloys. Few manufacturers concentrate on production of ferro silicon and the rest produce noble ferro alloys such as ferro vanadium, ferro molybdenum and other variants. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Aar Kay Steel Products Ltd. Aarti Steels Ltd. Adhunik Metaliks Ltd. Alok Ferro Alloys Ltd. Andhra Ferro Alloys Ltd. Anjaney Ferro Alloys Ltd. Baheti Metal & Ferro Alloys Ltd. Balasore Alloys Ltd. Baroda Ferro Alloys & Inds. Ltd. Castron Technologies Ltd. Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. Corporate Ispat Alloys Ltd. Dandeli Ferro Pvt. Ltd. Dinar Diamonds Ltd. Essel Mining & Inds. Ltd. Facor Alloys Ltd. Ferro Alloys Corpn. Ltd. G M R Ferro Alloys & Inds. Ltd. Gitanjali Exports Corporation Ltd. Gitanjali Gems Ltd. Godawari Power & Ispat Ltd. Haldia Steels Ltd. Hi-Tech Electrothermics & Hydro Power Ltd. Hindustan Ferro & Inds. Ltd. Hindusthan Malleable & Forgings Ltd. Hira Ferro Alloys Ltd. Impex Ferro Tech Ltd. India Thermit Corpn. Ltd. Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys Ltd. J S L Ltd. Jai Balaji Inds. Ltd. Jalan Forgings Ltd. Jeypore Sugar Co. Ltd. Kamdhenu Ispat Ltd. Karthik Alloys Ltd. Kemstar Metals Ltd. Kinjal Metals Ltd. Maharashtra Elektrosmelt Ltd. Maithan Alloys Ltd. Manganese Ore (India) Ltd. Marmagoa Steel Ltd. Minex Metallurgical Co. Pvt. Ltd. Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd. Nagpur Power & Inds. Ltd. Natural Sugar & Allied Inds. Ltd. Nava Bharat Ventures Ltd. Orde Industries Ltd. Palco Metals Ltd. Parekh Platinum Ltd. Rajesh Exports Ltd. S A L Steel Ltd. Sarda Energy & Minerals Ltd. Sharp Ferro Alloys Ltd. Shri Girija Smelters Ltd. Shyam Ferro Alloys Ltd. Siddharth Ormet Ltd. Silcal Metallurgic Ltd. Snam Alloys Ltd. Sova Ispat Alloys Ltd. Srinivasa Ferro Alloys Ltd. Tata Steel Ltd. Tecil Chemicals & Hydro Power Ltd. Universal Ferro & Allied Chemicals Ltd. V B C Ferro Alloys Ltd. V B C Industries Ltd. Valley Abrasives Ltd. Visa Steel Ltd.
Plant capacity: 12 MT/Day, Ferro Manganese –6 MT/Day, Silico Manganese 3 MT/Day, Ferro Silicon 3 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 75 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 242 Lakhs
Return: 36.00%Break even: 79.00%
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GOOD PROSPECTS IN FERRO ALLOYS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The indigenous Ferro Alloy production has started only in 1943 with the advent of the setting up of two 1500 KVA capacity furnaces by Mysore Iron and Steel Ltd. Ferro alloys are simply indispensable for any type of steel making. In fact for making alloy and special steel their role assumes dominant importance both from the points of view of quality of the product and economics of its production. The planning for the Ferro alloy production therefore must go hand-in-hand with that for steel production. The Ferro alloys industry has expanded in the sixties and seventies to a remarkable extent. We now not only produce sufficient amount of common high carbon Ferro alloys like Ferro-manganese, Ferro-silicon, and Ferro-chromium etc. We also produce special Ferro alloys though not as much are required. If we decide to erect additional steel plants or if the present steel plant capacities are increased we may again fall short even in common Ferro alloys. There is therefore no reason to be complacent. Many elements like silicon, Manganese, chromium, calcium Magnesium, Titanium, Molybdenum, vanadium, zirconium, boron, columbium etc. alloyed with iron go under the general name Ferro alloys and are use in the production of carbon steels, alloy, tool and stainless steels. The natural sources of these elements are in the form of oxides from which they are reduced to their metallic state. The heats of formation of these oxides are generally very high hence their reduction to metals normally calls for very high energy requirement. The uses of Ferro alloys are as grain refiners in the manufacture of plain carbon steels, or as alloying elements in alloys steels. There is a limited use for Ferro alloys in non ferrous metallurgy for making alloys such as nickel chromium iron alloys, manganese bronze etc. Ferro silicon is an essential addition to the molten steel bath during the last stages of refining for deoxidizing purposes. It is also use for adding silicon to high silicon steel such as those used for the production of spring’s electric sheets. Alloys of 70-80% silicon are used as a ladle addition in grey iron foundries. Ferro manganese is employed as a deoxidizer and alloys constituent to harden toughen steels. Manganese combines readily with sulphur, forming MnS, which is less harmful than FeS in steel. Ferro chrome is used for the production of hard chromium steels useful for armour plats and projectiles. It is extensively used in the manufacture of heat resistant and corrosion resistant alloys. The former grade is used as ladle addition to cast iron and the latter in alloys steel manufacture. Ferro molybdenum it is used as an alloying aliments in die steels armament steels such as armour plates, nickel chromium constructional casehardening steels, high speed steels, etc. as molybdenum increases shock and creep resistance properties. Ferro phosphorus it is used as a ladle addition for cast iron for the manufacture of piston rings, liners, etc. for increasing water resistance. It is added in small amounts in open hearth screw steels, to make them free cutting. Other Ferro alloy is used in special steels as a hardening agent and in non ferrous metallurgy as a degasifier and deoxidizer. Ferro cerium is employed as a scavenger to free bronzes, Monel metal and copper casting from oxides and gaseous inclusion. Ferro columbium is used in stainless steel to prevent weld decay i.e. inter-granular corrosion Ferro titanium is deoxidizer and a scavenger in steel manufacture of high speed steels. Ferro tungsten is utilized in the manufacture of high speed steels. Ferro vanadium is added to the ladle in open hearth and to the furnace in basic electric furnace practice as vanadium is a good scavenger and a grain refiner. The industry registered lowered lower exports of Ferro alloys in tonnage as compared to the previous year. The Indian Ferro Alloy Industry is more than four decades old, and produces Bulk and Noble Ferro Alloys. Though this Industry is not as old as the steel industry, its capacity has increased substantially from a humble start in the fifties, meeting the requirement of the steel industry in the country. The growth of the steel industry has not picked up as expected, whereas the growth of the Ferro Alloy Industry has stepped up, much more than the expected level. It has a lot of potential to increase its exports in the near future. Ferro alloys are one of the vital inputs required for producing special types of steel and used as additives inputs especially in the producing of Alloys and special steels. India has been bestowed with adequate resources of all basic raw materials required for the production of Manganese, Silicon and Chrome Alloys. In spite of serious difficulties in Indian Steel Industry during the recent years, the total finished steel production has touched 30.61 million tonnes, recording a growth of 4.6 % over 29.27 million tonnes achieved for the previous year (2004-05). The imports of steel at 1.37 million tonnes showed a decline of 3 % compared to 1.42 million tonnes recorded during the previous years. The export of steel at 2.73 million tonnes was higher by 2.3 % compared to 2.66 million tonnes recorded for the previous year. The apparent consumption of steel grew by 2.6 % and went up to 27.21 million tonnes as against 26.53 million tonnes, recorded during the previous year.The capacity increase of the Ferro Alloy industry in general, followed the course to meet the planned target of steel industry in the country, and also to remain potential exporters of Ferro Alloys in the international market, to earn substantial foreign exchange for the country. A Major part of the special Ferro alloys that are made today are from Imported concentrates of the corresponding elements. The technology for the production of low-carbon and medium-carbon Ferro manganese is yet to be development. Yet the capacity of the individual unit has not gone beyond 10,000 KVA. Today, we are familiar with operation of the 24,000 KVA furnaces which is in operation for the production of alloys. Currently there are 11 Ferro alloy producers and are producing most of the steel plant requirements in the country and are also having export programmers. There are 14 manufacturing units holding industrial license for the manufacture of different types of Ferro alloys with an aggregate installed capacity of 258000 tones per annum. India is projected to have a positive growth of 2 per cent and China is expected to witness negative growth of 5 per cent in apparent steel consumption during 2009. In India, Hon’ble Minister of Steel announced, the government will make all endeavors to see that the 124 mt steel capacity projected by the year 2011-12. This will be realized by way of policy facilitation and vigorous co-ordination efforts with the concerned state governments and the central ministries. During the current year, the three Public Sector Units: SAIL, RINL and NMDC have planned to invest nearly Rs. 13 billion in their on-going capex and modernization projects. Indian Ferro Alloy Producers Association (IFAPA) is very much concerned about the domestic availability of manganese ore for the member units. Once these plants come into operation, it is estimated that around 60 per cent of MOIL’S manganese ore would be consumed by the SAIL-MOIL Ferro Alloy Plant, Bhilai; MOIL-RINL Ferro Alloy Plant, Visakhapatnam and MEL Plant at Chandrapur. The industry would be left with no option, but to depend on 100 per cent imports of high grade and medium grade manganese ore in the near future. Though the future is looking bright for Ferro alloys industry, considering the expected increase in the steel production, the industry will face challenges in relation to procuring raw materials, particularly manganese raw materials, particularly manganese ore, chrome ore and the reluctant metallurgical coke, in the coming years. Strong growth in stainless steel is expected in the near future with generally healthy economic conditions over the next few years. Demand for Noble Ferro Alloys has been growing at an average rate of 14% since 2000 and looking to the expected growth of the Steel industry, demand of all Noble Ferro Alloys is likely to grow at about 18%. Indian Steel Industry has seen some increase in prices and expected to see better realization during the coming years.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Copper Powder - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile Copper powder is finely granulated copper that has many metallurgic functions. The powder is cheaper than regular cast copper, so engineers can save money on supplies, and it often helps conserve materials because less copper will be needed. Copper powder also can be made to have different densities if handled by a powder metallurgist, meaning the copper can be porous and impregnated with oils or other metals, or it can be non-porous like cast copper. Powdered copper is used as an alloy, in metal-plastic combinations, and in structural applications. Production Process Two main industrial processes turn copper, or any other metal, into a powder. In the atomization method, molten copper is pushed through a thin tube and gas pushes against the stream of metal, producing turbulence and causing the molten copper to powder. With centrifugal disintegration, copper rods are placed in a rotating spindle, and an arc heats the rods. By using constant rotation, small bits of the copper will fly off, producing the powder. Hydrometallurgy is another method used to produce copper powder. The process yields a high purity powder, averaging more than 99% copper. Generally, the powder obtained has fine particle sizes with relatively low apparent densities and high green strength. Application Copper powder often is used as an alloying powder and is somewhat easier to work with than cast copper. This is because, in its powdered form, copper is easier to heat up and mix with other metals. Copper is often alloyed with iron & tin and powdered copper can work the same as cast copper in this arena. As a powder, it also can be mixed with non-metals such as plastic to create new substances that are commonly used for decoration. Around 70 percent of powdered copper is used in making self lubricating bearings, which take advantage of powdered copper’s porous nature. Copper/Copper alloy powders are used in many different industries for many different uses. Following are some examples of the powder uses: Brazing, Sintered Products, Friction Products, Soft Magnetic Products, Chemicals, Metallurgy,Filtration, Printing, Surface, Coating, Welding, Copper Fortification etc. Copper powder uses include powder metallurgy (PM), metal injection molding (MIM), friction components, thermal management, diamond cutting tools, lubricants, carbon brush, coatings, catalyst and crazing paste. Market Potential The indigenous production of copper powder is only around 7000 tonnes per annum as against an estimated demand of about 15000 tonnes per annum. This itself shows the huge demand for the product in India. Since there are only a few small scale manufacturing units scattered over the country, the market potential for the product is very large. The annual global production of metal powders for powder metallurgy now exceeds 1 million tonnes.
Plant capacity: 2 MT/ day Plant & machinery: 27 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 792 Lakh
Return: 50.00%Break even: 29.70%
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Low Carbon Ferro Manganese (Medium Grade) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

In igneous rocks, which comprise 95% of the earth’s crust the average percentage concentration of manganous oxide is 0.124. This is small in compared with the alumina (15.34), FeO + Fe2O3(6.88) and titania but very much higher than the incidence of the well known metals copper (0.010), zinc ( 0.004), and lead (0.002). In igneous rocks, which comprise 95% of the earth’s crust the average percentage concentration of manganous oxide is 0.124. Manganese is used in metallurgical industries in the form of ferro-manganese. Ferro-manganese contains about 80% Mn and 20% Fe. Generally ferro-manganese is produced in blast furnace or an electric furnace. Low silica ores are preferred as they reduce the slag volume. Secondly, the phosphorous content in the ore should also be low. A high purity ferro-manganese is produced by fused salt electrolysis method. The ore is roasted to produce MnO, followed by leaching with H2SO4 acid to form manganese sulphate. This solution is then neutralised to precipitate iron & aluminium. Other impurities are separated as sulphides. Finally the solution is used for electrolysis to produce ferro-manganese of metallurgical grade. The modern electric furnace route of ferro-manganese production gives 85 - 90% manganese recovery, MnO dust recycling is possible and a high degree of homogenisation, slag control and furnace scrabbing is practised. Further, smelting of high-grade Mn-ore with high-cabon ferro-manganese gives medium carbon ferro-manganese. A silicothermic reduction of manganese ore in an electric furnace yields low-carbon ferromanganese. Uses and Applications Low Carbon Ferro- Manganese is a Ferro alloy with high content of manganese. It gives strength to steel and is used in making of high tension steel; it is widely used in the manufacturing of tool steels, alloys steel & structural steels. Its property causes it to have a high affinity with sulphur in the steel and on combining produces Manganese Sulphide (MnS) which floats up to the metal surface. It is also used as a de-oxidizer and hence finds its usage in the manufacture of 18-8 Austenitic non magnetic stainless steel. In cast iron, manganese is used mainly to counteract the bad effects of sulfur. In steel, manganese acts as a deoxidizer and combines with sulfur, thereby improving the hot-working properties of the steel. Also improves the strength, toughness. Manganese ferroalloys, consisting of various grades of ferromanganese and silicomanganese, are used to provide a key ingredient for steelmaking. Market Survey According to industry experts, the Indian manganese alloy industry has the potential to meet the global challenges despite various constraints. With the necessary supportive measures from the government, the industry can make fast towards the path of sustainable growth and meet the higher requirement of the Indian steel industry. The estimated reserve of chrome ore in India is approx.178 MT. In the longer term, the direction of manganese prices will depend on a combination of economic growth in the industrialised world, and continued expansion of industrialising and emerging economies in Asia and South America. Over the next five years, the rise in steel production will lead to an increase in manganese consumption, with an annual average growth rate of 6% over the next five years, with China and India providing the main impetus for this growth. Global demand for manganese in batteries has been relatively stable at about 300ktpy. This has mainly been accounted for by zinc and alkaline primary batteries, but demand for manganese in rechargeable batteries has risen in recent years. Overall, total demand for manganese is expected to increase by around 6% per year over the next five years. The current scenario of Indian ferro alloys industry has changed due to rapid industrialisation with global steel demand on a high growth trajectory. The estimated production capacity of ferro alloys in India is more than double of the domestic demand, making the industry partially dependent on domestic market and more on export market. The future of industry will depend on international demand and export market against the wider industry impact of energy, ore shortages, production cost volatility and lower profit margin.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/Day.Plant & machinery: 256 Lakhs.
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:691 Lakhs.
Return: 26.00%Break even: 65.00%
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Copper Melting and Copper Ingot Rolling with Copper Wire Drawing - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Copper is mankind’s oldest metal, dating back some 10,000 years. All of the great civilizations of the past used copper and copper alloys (principally bronze and later brass) for both decorative and utilitarian purposes. Copper was used for military purposes, artistic applications such as church bells and statuary, tools and numerous other functional objects. However, it was the Industrial revolution that brought about a tremendous change in the production and consumption of copper and copper alloys. An ingot is a material, usually metal, that is cast into a shape suitable for further processing. Ingots require a second procedure of shaping, such as cold/hot working, cutting or milling to produce a useful final product. Wire rod produced by continuous cast, pure copper rod for making wire that is drawn down to various types of coated and uncoated wire. Global industrial demand for refined copper is over 14 mn tonne and its usage is growing by around 3% per annum. Developing countries account for over one-third of refined copper consumption. The domestic copper pipes and tubes industry is estimated to have a turnover of Rs 10 bn. It is expected to return a 25% growth in the next two-three years, according to industry estimates. A substantial part of total demand is met through domestic production. The gap is met through imports, growing at 25% by end users, such as refrigeration industry. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Advance Powerinfra Tech Ltd. Alcobex Metals Ltd. Bagade India Engg. Ltd. Bhagyanagar India Ltd. Bharat Insulation Co. (India) Ltd. C M I Ltd. Copper Semis Pvt. Ltd. Dharmadeep Powerdive Inds. Ltd. Finolex Cables Ltd. Finolex Wire Products Ltd. G K Winding Wires Ltd. Ganga Electrocast Ltd. Goldstar Metals Ltd. Hindalco Industries Ltd. Hindustan Transmission Products Ltd. Indo Gulf Corpn. Ltd. Indo-American Electricals Ltd. Kinetic Copper Products Ltd. Laser Cables Pvt. Ltd. M P Telelinks Ltd. Marathon Electric India Pvt. Ltd. Mardia Samyoung Capillary Tubes Co. Ltd. Nissan Copper Ltd. Patron Industries Pvt. Ltd. Powerflow Ltd. Robot Systems Pvt. Ltd. S K M Steels Ltd. Salzer Electronics Ltd. Shakti Insulated Wires Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Copper Ingot: 8 MT/Day, Copper Rod: 36 MT/Day, Copper Wire: 4 MT/Day Plant & machinery: Rs. 278 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1201 Lakhs
Return: 62.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Activated Alumina -Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Activated alumina is manufactured by dehydroxylating aluminium hydroxide in a way that produces a highly porous substance. The chemical composition can be represented by Al2O3•OH2. The term "activated aluminas" refers to the “activation” those results from calcination. Activated alumina has a high surface area to weight ratio due to its extensive pore structure, is resistant to thermal shock and abrasion, and will not shrink, swell, soften nor disintegrate when placed in water. The active sites consist of acidic alumina ions, basic oxide ions and polar Al-OH groups. Opened bonds from the alumina ions act as Lewis acids, while the Al-OH groups act as dipoles. Activated alumina is typically used as an adsorbent or as a support in catalyst applications. The most prevalent usage for activated alumina is as a desiccant. In this application, water contained in air sticks to the alumina surface as the air passes through the alumina pores. The water molecules become trapped and are filtered from the air. This process is reversible by heating the alumina to 390°F (200°C). Driving off the trapped water is called regeneration.As a catalyst in the hydrogen peroxide production process. Most commonly used in the process known as auto-oxidation, anthraquinone is oxidized and reacts to give peroxide. The working solution of anthraquinone is filtered through alumina to adsorb impurities and recycled. For sulfur removal from gas streams (Claus catalyst process). Activated alumina converts hydrogen sulfide into elemental sulfur under proper conditions. This technology is used extensively in the oil refining industry. India ranked seventh in alumina production with a total output of 3 mn tonnes, a share of nearly 5% of the global production of 61 mn tonnes. In India the activated alumina is being manufactured by the limited firms only whose production is quite insufficient to meet the growing demand. The consumption is increasing rapidly while the production is not sufficient. In order to fill up the gap between demand and supply, few more units for the manufacture of activated alumina are needed. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs for investment.
Plant capacity: 6 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 72 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 150 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 69.00%
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High Tensile Fasteners - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Industrial fasteners have a vital contribution for the growth of almost all sectors of industry. It is a wonderful manifestation which joins & secures materials together for any productive uses. A fastener is a connective mechanism that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together. A bolt is an externally threaded fastener designed for insertion through holes in assembled parts, and is normally intended to be tightened or released by torquing a nut. A nut is a type of hardware fastener with a threaded hole. Nuts are almost always used opposite a mating bolt to fasten a stack of parts together. The two partners are kept together by a combination of the friction of their threads, a slight stretch of the bolt, and compression of the parts. High tensile nuts and bolts find wide application in joining part where continuous rotation and wear and tear of the nuts and bolts occurs. As the nuts and bolts are subjected to variable stress in a dynamic condition, there is every likelihood that these fasteners can be failed at any instant causing situations like catastrophe. For the above purpose, nuts and bolts are manufactured from alloy steels having high tensile strength and resistant to continuous wear and tear. In construction, connectors between structural members bolted connections are used when it is necessary to fasten two elements tightly together, especially to resist shear and bending, as in column and beam connections. Threaded metal bolts are always used in conjunction with nuts. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Aurangabad Electricals Ltd. • Caparo Engineering India Ltd. • Coventry Spring & Engg. Co. Ltd. • Dev Fasteners Ltd. • Forbes & Co. Ltd. • G S Auto International Ltd. • Holtzman Systems Ltd. • I S P L Industries Ltd. • Jaico Steel Fasteners Ltd. • Lakshmi Precision Screws Ltd. • M C S Fasteners (India) Ltd. • Mangal Steel Enterprises Ltd. • Mohindra Fasteners Ltd. • Patheja Forgings & Auto-Parts Mfrs. Ltd. • Patton Electro Ltd. • Pooja Forge Ltd. • Sterling Tools Ltd. • Sundram Fasteners Ltd. • Viraj Profiles Ltd.
Plant capacity: Mild Steel/HT Bolts :25 MT/Day •Mild Steel/HT Nuts :5MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 93 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 430 Lakh
Return: 28.41%Break even: 68.00%
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Low Carbon Ferromanganese - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

High Carbon Ferro- manganese containing about 7% carbon is not suitable for the production of steels or other alloys containing manganese in which it is desired to maintain the carbon at low level. For the manufacture of such materials the manganese must be added either as the relatively pure metal or in the form of an addition alloy with a low content of carbon. It is a Ferro alloy with high content of manganese. It gives strength to steel and is used in making of high tension steel.Low carbon Ferro manganese is widely used in the manufacturing of tool steels, alloys steel & structural steels. Its property causes it to have a high affinity with sulphur in the steel and on combining produces Manganese Sulphide (MnS) which floats up to the metal surface. Low Carbon Ferro Manganese is used as a de-oxidizer and hence finds its usage in the manufacture of 18-8 Austenitic non magnetic stainless steel. The demand for ferro alloys has been increasing with that of alloy and special steels. There are about a dozen leading players and over 30 small producers. The industry has tied up with companies in Europe for technology inputs. The major users of alloy steel are: auto industry, railways, forgings, tubes, springs and other engineering industries.Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Acme Ferro Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • Anjaney Ferro Alloys Ltd. • Balasore Alloys Ltd. • Impex Ferro Tech Ltd. • Indian Metals & Alloys Ltd. • Indsil Hydro Power & Manganese Ltd.
Plant capacity: Low Carbon Ferromanganes : 15,000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 371 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 2804 lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 61.00%
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Low Carbon Silicomanganese - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Low Carbon Silico Manganese which is popularly known as LCSiMn is a ferrous alloy with content of carbon, silica and manganese. A large number of steel producing companies extensively demand low carbon silico manganese for reducing total production treatment by using these at the time of slag reduction instead of HCFeMn and decarburization process. Low level carbon silico manganese is extensively appreciated for reducing the lining attack that may cause due to less fluid slag (less MnO).Low Carbon Silicomanganese, used during slag reduction instead of High Carbon Ferromanganese during decarburization, reduces the total treatment time. This also reduces the amount of oxidized manganese, and therefore the quantity of silicon needed in the slag reduction. With the growing demand of steel in the market, there has been a heavy requirement of manganese alloys. This is one of the most probable reasons as to why the manganese industry is on the bloom. After witnessing a downfall, Silico manganese prices are now slightly stable; and increased by INR 1,000-2,000/MT with demand dented as buyers were retreating due to diminishing steel margins. Silico manganese producers are clamoring to offload stock. The Indian ferroalloys producers are reportedly cutting down their Manganese alloy production and would like to exhaust stocks to enable steady cash flows amid thin price margins. Due to cutting down in production of ferro alloys, prices may increase further in a short period. Thus, as an entrepreneur this project offers an exciting opportunity to you. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Acme Ferro Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • Balasore Alloys Ltd. • Hi-Tech Electrothermics& Hydro Power Ltd. • Jagat Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • Padmavati Ferrous Ltd. • Shri Girija Alloy & Power (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Low Carbon Silicomanganese: 15,000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 1422 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 3936 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Low Carbon Ferrochrome - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Ferro-chrome, along with nickel (ferro-nickel) is the major alloying element in the production of stainless steel. Stainless steel is used in a variety of areas from cutlery to aircraft engine turbine blades. The chromium content of ferro-chrome normally varies from 45 to 75 % together with various amounts of iron, carbon and other alloying elements. Low Carbon Ferrochrome is an alloy with Carbon Percentage ranging from 0.03 to 0.10%. Low Carbon Ferrochrome are of different origin, such as, Russian, Kazakhstan, South Africa, Chinese. Low Carbon Ferrochrome in Lumps form is converted into Low Carbon Ferrochrome Powder by Grinding, Milling & Sieving process. Major Producers of Low Carbon Ferrochrome are in Russia, Kazakhstan, Brazil, Germany and China. Low Carbon Ferrochrome is added in steel where in the percentage of Chromium has to be adjusted without affecting the levels of Carbon. Low Carbon Ferrochrome Powder is used in several applications such as Welding Electrodes & Stick Electrodes. Soaring demand in China for ferrochrome, used in the production of steel, is helping Indian ferrochrome producers like Indian Metals and Ferro AlloysBSE 5.00 % (IMFA) and BalasoreAlloysBSE 4.95 %. Given the firm demand and prices in China for ferrochrome (FC) and limited global supply, most of the producers of the alloy have diverted their sales to China, resulting in supply shortage in the country. Producers of FC in India have consistently raised their offer price in the domestic market due to supply shortages. Domestic FC prices have shot up almost 60% in the last three months. Firm prices in China has also made exports more lucrative. As a whole it is a good opportunity for an entrepreneur to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Anjaney Ferro Alloys Ltd • Bansal Ferrous Ltd. • Ferro Alloys Corpn. Ltd. • Impex Ferro Tech Ltd. • Jagat Alloys Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Low Carbon Ferrochrome : 15,000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 1472 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 4001
Return: 27.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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