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Electrical, Electronic Industries and Power Projects

Electric equipment industry contributes over 2% of GDP which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 billion now to USD 363 billion, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production.

The electrical equipment and accessories industry, with its highly diversified content, may be broadly segmented into (i) generation equipment, (ii) transmission equipment, and (iii) distribution equipment. The equipments and accessories under these segments include motors, turbines, generators, switchgears, transformers, circuit breakers, induction motors, power capacitors, meters, transmission towers. Besides these, the spectrum covers a whole range of power cables including XLPE and AAC and ACSR conductors and electrical consumer products like fans, electric lamps, exhausts and domestic appliances and accessories. Inverters, gensets, UP also fall under its domain.

The electrical industry has been showing signs of recovery after poor performance in the recent years. The domestic electrical industry, which includes equipment for generation, transmission, distribution and use of power in industrial units, constitutes a major part of the electrical products.

The growth of the industry is directly related to the development of power generation and distribution. India's generation capacity of 2,300 MW in 1950 expanded to over 116,500 MW including non-utilities at the end 2000-01. The total installed capacity of electric power generation further increased to 141,080 MW in 2007-08 (upto January 2008) compared to a capacity of 128,000 MW during the same period in 2006-07. The Eleventh Plan has targeted a capacity addition of 78,570 MW.

The five years (2007-2012) may be the best of times for power equipment makers with the power sector on an expansion spree. With order-book growth expanding over the last three years, there is a good chance that this will continue. Close to 82% of the planned generation capacity for the Tenth Plan was either implemented or was in the process of being implemented. Even assuming a 70% implementation ratio for the Eleventh Plan, close to 55,000 MW will be added. Five ultra mega power projects, totaling 20,000 MW are coming up in 2008. In the transmission sector, for example, Power Grid Corporation is planning a capex of Rs 710 billion by 2010.

Earlier, the shortfalls in achieving the Plan targets of addition to power generation and up-gradation of transmission and distribution had adversely affected the electrical equipment industry. The peak shortage which was over 11% of the requirement in 2003-04 increased to 11.7% in 2004-05 and to over 12% in 2005-06. The shortage further rose to about 14% in 2006-07. In the ten months of 2007-08 the peak shortage had risen to over 15% of the peak demand of 107,010 MW.

Major players in electrical equipment segment are ABB, BHEL, BHEL Power Solutions, Havell's India, Kirloskar Electric, Crompton Greaves and Suzlon Energy.

According to the Power Ministry, the power sector has tied up Rs 2,240 billion worth of investments to build power plants with 70,000 MW capacities in the next three years.

With some fast moves at launching fast track projects to augment supplies, the Indian industry needs to improve its competitiveness. The Indian market is growing and multinationals with newer technologies are now more active.

 

 

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SET TOP BOX - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

The digital television is considered to be the future of modern television and for that reason there are laws coming in near future that require all the TV stations to switch from analog broadcast to digital. TV viewing is undergoing a change in India with the implementation of Conditional Access System (CAS) and availability of Direct to Home (DTH) services. Digital transmission is superior because it converts images and sounds into digital computer data and transmits them. Once the digital data is received by the receiver attached to your television, it is then quickly reassembled into the original picture and sound and viewed by the viewer. Though this may seem like a longer procedure of transmitting television data, it actually is more advantageous than the older analog method as it provides you with a better picture and sound quality. The picture is not grainy or disturbed and the transmission is very clear. This is because the digital tuner attached to the receiver removes any interface from the signals before converting them back to the original images and sounds. This ability to clean the interface from the signals results in superior quality of picture and sound which ultimately results into superior quality viewing. To add to the quality, the digital television has another advantage of having a user friendly interface where the user can view the listings well in advance rather than having to flip through random channels to find out whats on and whats not. One of the other benefits of digital TV is that the transmission can be compressed in order to take up less bandwidth. This implies that more number of channels can be transmitted over the same cable or over the air frequency. This is beneficial for the cable operators who wish to increase the number of channels, as they can now do so without having to replace any cable. HDTV has a bandwidth hogging nature, and hence digital TV transmission is a better way of transmitting HDTV regardless of the medium of transmission used. India is a dynamic study in itself. The Indian scenario is potentially exciting with a series of decisions taken by the Government to regulate the Indian DTH scene. But the initial excitement in Nov. 2000 has largely been transformed by a realistic look at the guidelines for DTH service in India. The Set Top Box (STB) market growth in India can also be attributed to the growing implementation of CAS (conditional access system), DTH (direct to home) services. The DTH subscriber base has grown to 23.77 million viewers by the end of June quarter from 21.3 million users in the previous quarter, sectoral regulator the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) said. According to Trai, six DTH licensees (excluding DD Direct) reported subscriber base of 23.77 million (for the quarter ended June 2010) as against 21.3 million at the end of March 2010, indicating an increasing penetration of the service. The DTH subscriber base stood at 15.17 million in the quarter ended June 2009. Apart from the free DTH service of Doordarshan, there are six private DTH licensees Dish TV, Tata Sky, Sun Direct, Airtel Digital TV, Reliance BIG TV and Videocon d2h. On installation of set top boxes in Conditional Access System (CAS) notified areas in the four metros, Trai said 7,70,519 boxes had been installed till June 30 this year. The STB industry is expected to grow at a rate of approximately 30% over the next few years since CAS is now mandatory and will be implemented in all four metros. Along with this other big players are also ready to enter in to the DTH services market. This will create stiff competition within the market which in turn will create and match huge demand of set top boxes in India. There is a very good scope and market potential for Set Top Box and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 180000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 66 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 257 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 64.00%
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ELECTRIC MOTOR - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economic

Electric equipment industry contributes over 2% of GDP which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 bn now to USD 363 bn, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production. An electric motor or a synchronous motor is a type of alternating current motor where power is supplied to the rotor by means of electromagnetic induction. Induction motors are now the preferred choice for industrial motors due to their rugged construction, absence of bushes and the ability to control the speed of the motor. Production of induction motors is the main indicator of growth in demand for drive equipment. Induction motors are even coming back in the area of usages requiring speed control because of the new electronic control systems available capable of giving soft start, smooth speed control through invertors. DC motors are, therefore no supreme in the field. The domestic electrical industry expanded by 14.1% in 2003 to 04, up from a modest 5.5% in 2002 to 03. The revival was driven by power sector reforms. The growth continued in the later period with a majority of leading manufacturing realizing growth in double digit in 2006 to 07. The demand of electric motor is increasing day by day due to its multipurpose uses. So, any entrepreneur can venture in this field will get success.
Plant capacity: 60000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 137 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 472 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 60.00%
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ELECTRIC ENERGY METER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

PRODUCT PROFILE An electricity meter or energy meter is a device that measures the amount of electric energy consumed by a residence, business, or an electrically powered device. Electricity meters are typically calibrated in billing units, the most common one being the kilowatt hour. A periodic reading of electric meters establishes billing cycles and energy used during a cycle. In settings when energy savings during certain periods are desired, meters may measure demand, the maximum use of power in some interval. In some areas the electric rates are higher during certain times of day, reflecting the higher cost of power resources during peak demand time periods. Also, in some areas meters have relays to turn off nonessential equipment. Implementing an electronic energy meter, can be as simple and inexpensive as using a single dedicated energy measurement IC (MCP3905) and a display/counter of choice. However, more advanced solutions are possible when adopting an 8 or 16 bit microcontroller (MCU), or even a 16 bit Digital Signal Controller (DSC). PARTS OF A METER TIMEKEEPING: One category of power meters is required to log multi rate energy usage, to track the energy consumed and the time of day so the power companies can bill correctly. Multi rate meters must record this switching from one rate to another very accurately. Keeping track of the electricity used, employing some form of timekeeping in electronic meters is required. ELECTRICITY METER SENSORS: Electricity meters measure current (amperes) and voltage (volts) and calculate the product of these values to determine electrical power (watts).There are two common methods for sensing the amount of current flowing in a wire. • The first method uses a shunt resistor to directly measure the amount of current, while • The second method uses an isolation transformer that indirectly measures current through the secondary winding. Applications Energy meters are devices that measure production, supply, and consumption of energy (electricity) at residences and commercial establishments. These meters include electromechanical meters and solid state meters. Energy meters are coil based devices wherein rotation of coil advances reading in meter & thereby determining the energy usage. Electricity meters provide a measurement of the number of kilowatt hours that have been consumed by a customer. To encourage more efficient use of electricity, utility companies would also like to measure the power factor of the load, and time of electricity consumption, among other things. Light dimmers, refrigerators, washing machines and dryers and HVAC, to name a few, provide a significant nonlinear load to the meter. Global demand India is also rapidly becoming a big exporter of energy meters with changing technology in its products. According to an international study, the total market for energy meters in the world is a round 40 million pieces with India’s share at 5.2 million (13%). Every house, small factory, business establishment, shops, offices etc. need at least one energy meter to register power consumption. Energy meters are a typical instrument to measure the amount of electricity or energy consumed by a user. It has been traditionally present in the market with the dominant types being the electromagnetic and static ones. However the market is steadily moving towards a newer generation meters which include smart and digital meters. Increasing government support in the sector as regards to the electrification activities is driving the market. In 2010, market penetration of advanced meters reached 8.7 percent in the U.S. compared with 4.7 percent in 2008. This same survey shows that seven states have achieved more than 15 percent market penetration: Arizona, Oregon, Idaho, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, California and Missouri. Since there is a huge demand for electric energy meter in market therefore the entrepreneur venturing in this field expects an enormous success.
Plant capacity: 150000 No.s/AnnumPlant & machinery: 32 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 170 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 68.00%
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Lead Acid Battery - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile: The lead-acid storage battery, an important energy storage device, is the most widely used secondary storage cell by automobile and other industries. Storage cells are devices which release a flow of electron through an external circuit as a result of reactions occurring between the active electrode materials and ions transported by the electrolyte. The cells in which the reactions are reversible are called secondary cells. In these cells the active materials can be returned to their original state by applying electrical current from an external source in the opposite direction to the flow of the cells discharge current. We are dependent on lead acid batteries for many uses in our lives that can be subdivided into four broad categories: engine starting, motive power and standby power, valve regulated battery. There are two distinct designs of recombination battery currently use: Absorbed electrolyte and Gelled electrolyte. Lead acid battery industry is divided into three main sectors: SLI batteries, industrial batteries and transaction batteries. SLI batteries are primarily used in motor vehicle. Industrial batteries include those used for uninterrupted power supply and transaction batteries are used to power electric vehicles such as forklifts. Characteristics: The lead battery uses lead oxide as the active material of the positive electrode and metallic lead in a high surface area porous structure, as the negative material. The physical and chemical properties of these materials are listed below: • Typically a charged positive electrode contains both variations, ? PbO2 (Orthorhombic) and ? PbO2 (Tetragonal) • The equilibrium potential of the ? PbO2 is more positive than that of ? PbO2 by 0.01V. • The cured plate consists of lead sulphate, lead oxide and some residual lead (?5%). • The electrolyte is a sulfuric acid solution, about 1.28 specific gravity or 37% acid by weight in a fully charged condition. • As the cell discharges, both electrodes are converted to lead sulfate and the process reverses on charge. Application: The lead acid battery is used in a wide variety of applications, and in the past few years many new applications have arisen: • The most common use of the lead acid battery is for starting, lighting, and ignition in automobiles and other vehicles with internal combustion engines. • Lead acid batteries are used as the power source in off the road vehicles such as golf carts, forklift trucks, mining vehicles, and construction and industrial equipment. • It also has applications in DC Power System which includes a battery charger (rectifier/charger) which has a sufficient capacity to recharge the batteries at the proper voltage while simultaneously supplying power to the dc load. • In Static uninterruptible AC Power System (UPS) a storage battery is linked to the utility power to provide a continuity of service in the event of an interruption of the utility power. • Valve regulated batteries are used for standby applications such as in telephonic systems, uninterruptible power systems, burglar, fire alarms and emergency lighting. Global Scenario Lead acid batteries are considered to have one of the fastest global growth rates. Usage of lead acid battery is expected to grow further with technological advancements in the electric vehicles market. Although efforts are on to develop a miracle battery for electric vehicles, lead acid batteries are one of the few battery technologies that are considered as the workhorses of today’s Electric Vehicle fleet. The influx of cutting edge technology has brought forth a new genre of long lasting, lead acid batteries featuring smaller size and lightweight attributes. The global market for Lead Acid Batteries (Automotive) is forecast to reach US$15.4 billion by the year 2015, charged by sustained demand from automobiles industry, specifically the aftermarket/replacement market. Emergence of next generation electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) will further drive the market. Since there is a huge demand for Lead acid battery in market therefore the entrepreneur venturing in this field expects an enormous success.
Plant capacity: 300000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 416 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of project : 1327 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Insulator - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Profile In atoms which have a large number of electrons in the outer orbit, the combined force of attraction for the nucleus is much stronger, thus it is more difficult to force an electron out of orbit, and substances made up of these kinds of atoms are called insulators. In other words the substances, which strongly oppose flow of electrons through them, are termed as insulators. Traditional ceramics consists of all the products made from clay or silicates. Ceramics today may be defined broadly as any non-metallic inorganic substance in the solid state, normally complex compound but occasionally simple oxides. Even a single element like carbon is an example of not only ceramics but also of a refractory product. Three classes of insulator are used in overhead lines, namely: 1. Pin type. 2. Suspension type. 3. Strain type. Uses and Applications Low-tension insulators are used for A.C. & D.C. power supplies of not more than 600 volts. Low tensions insulators are manufactured in both glazed and unglazed insulators are quite satisfactory. Insulators required for use in humid atmosphere are invariably glazed. Glazed insulators are used in lighting arrestors in radio receivers, telephone and utility outfits and neon signs. Some L.T. insulators like nail knobs, tubes & cleats are glazed on one side. Voltage above 1000 Volts is generally considered as high tension for long distance Electric power transmission; high voltage is essential because it reduces the cross/section and, therefore, the weight of the conductor required. Porcelain insulators are suitable for high tension transmission & distribution are required to be effective at high voltages and under extreme climate conditions of rain, snow, high wind of soaring heat. ? The end type insulator is used on all distribution lines and on low voltage transmission lines. The main advantage of the pin type insulator is that it is the cheaper insulator. Another advantage is that a pin insulator requires a shorter pole or tower to produce same clearance of the conductor above the cross arm, while the suspension insulator suspends it below the cross arm. Pin insulators are constructed in the top and side groove type. Side groove insulators are suitable for small sized, wires, and top groove insulators are used for larger size wire. Market Demand The future demand for insulators may be estimated on the basis of the likely behaviour of following 3 sectors: 1. Household sectors 2. Power sector 3. The demand for commercial and industry sectors Keeping all these in view, the demand for insulators from domestic market is estimated to increase at 5% per annum. Besides this, there is a good scope for exporting insulators. It is estimated that the demand for insulators in export market will grow at 8% per annum. Thus the demand is likely to increase by more 20000 MT during next 5 years. This provides scope for many power units in LT or lower grade of HT insulators. At least 20000 to 25000 MT capacities is required to be added in next 5 years. The concern of Government over safety is increasing particularly for commercial buildings will also increase the demand. However it may require suitable insulators for commercial development of buildings like cinema houses, star category hotels, auditoriums, schools and colleges etc.,
Plant capacity: 2500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 54 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 250 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 42.00%
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PVC Wires and Cables - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile PVC copper wires are used extensively in making power transformers, panel boards, electric motors, etc. PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a versatile thermoplastic material obtained from ethylene (petro chemistry product) and salt by vinyl chloride polymerization. The cables are suitable for use on AC single phase or three phase (earthed or unearthed) systems for rated voltage up to and including 1100 volts. These cables can be used on DC systems for rated voltage up to and including 1500 volts to earth. Types of PVC cables are: • PVC insulated entwined wires used for service connections • Twin twisted PVC insulated wire for appliances • Flat type PVC cord having two parallel PVC insulated wires for appliances • Round type PVC cord having twin twisted PVC coated wire sheathed with round PVC sheathing • PVC insulated over head wire consisting of 20 to 30 core wires about 0.5 mm. dia., twisted together and covered with PVC • PVC insulated control cable for appliances, low voltage distribution, telephone wire, switch board wiring, and cables for automobiles. Application • PVC wires & cables are used in home appliance, house wiring, T.V, VCR control pannel, power distribution & secondary transmissions etc. The main use of PVC wires & cables are in house wiring. Since as the name suggests it’s used everywhere, where electricity is to be carried from one point to another with safety. • Domestic cables & wires used extensively. These types of cable are used in house wiring, wiring of T.V, Video & Control panel circuits. These types of wires are used where temporary wiring for domestic use is necessary. • Power cables are used mostly by electricity boards & big industries where consumption of electricity is large. These cables are used for domestic supply of electricity in big towns of cities or in workshops . ? Market Potential PVC is one of the most used plastic materials in the world. At global level, demand for PVC exceeds 35 million tonnes per annum and it is in constant growth (+5% on global average), with higher growth rates in the developing countries. In the funding scenario & with the overall economic scenario gaining accelerated momentum, robust growth over the next few years across the cable industry in India is expected. It is estimated that there are around 1,000 cable making companies across the world. Demand is stimulated by major electrification programmes to extend energy networks.
Plant capacity: 3992 Coils/ Day Plant & machinery: 234 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 4481 Lakh
Return: 70.00%Break even: 18.00%
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CEILING FANS, WALL SWITCHES AND SOCKETS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Electricity is an integral utility in modern society, with links to everything from a humans subconscious fear of the dark to the practical need for working illumination in an industrialized world. The entire world essentially runs on electricity, in one form or another, and while combustibles are essential at the present time as well, their time is nearing an end. Most of the devices and appliances are run from electricity so it is present everywhere as in our bed room, kitchen, roof, in our office, in the path, in trains. ? When electricity was first introduced into the household, it was primarily used for lighting which was operated through switches and sockets. The invention of the light switch over 100 years ago offered people a quick and safe method of lighting their homes. From its invention in 1884, technology has provided us with many choices for the types of switches we use, the decor of the plate that covers them and more energy efficient ways of providing us with electricity. A ceiling fan is a mechanical fan, usually electrically powered, suspended from the ceiling of a room that uses hub-mounted rotating paddles to circulate air. A ceiling fan rotates much more slowly than an electric desk fan; it cools people effectively by introducing slow movement into the otherwise still, hot air of a room, inducing evaporative cooling. Fans never actually cool air, unlike air conditioning equipment, but use significantly less power (cooling air is thermodynamically expensive). Uses Ceiling fans are very commonly used for circulation of air in a room to bring the cooling purpose easier. Due to circulation of air in a room, the cooling rate increases and we feel cool and less suffocation. When the air is circulated, air comes from other place and due to this the room becomes cool. The fan consists of a rotating arrangement of vanes or blades which act on the air. Unlike air conditioners, fans only move air, they do not directly change its temperature. Therefore ceiling fans that have a mechanism for reversing the direction in which the blades rotate (most commonly an electrical switch on the side of the unit) can help in both heating and cooling. An electrical switch is a commonly used device for making, breaking, or changing the course of an electric circuit. There are different types of electrical switches being manufactured for use in different applications. Switches and sockets are used for utilising grid electricity supply at 220/250 volts, They are used in every house, industry, office, and hotel, practically everywhere electric connection is available. These fittings help in using the electricity at will & cut the supply when not desired, They are fancy and decorative when fitted properly, They are hard material and impact resistant & Polycarbonate moulding powder made plastic switches sockets have reasonably long life. Market Survey The market is estimated to have grown from about Rs 24 bn in 2003 to 04 to over to Rs 33 bn in 2006 to 07 and is expected to grow to Rs 43 bn in 2009-10. The organised market is about 40%, driven by increasing income levels of people and their quality preference. Brown goods or domestic kitchen appliances are indicators of the changing consumer scenario in the wake of the liberalised economic environment. With the white goods segment becoming vibrant, the brown goods could not lag behind. Both segments have witnessed the onslaught of the global brands. The branded brown goods market has expanded at a feverish pace. A major cause for this is the entry of over a dozen new brands supported by high profile media promotion. While some products made a resounding entry, several others took time to make a perceptible mark. Rice cooker is one such item. It is being adopted increasingly. Cost Estimation Capacity : 3120000 Nos./ Annum Ceiling Fans :120000 Nos. Switch & Sockets: 3000000 Nos.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 82 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 260 Lakhs
Return: 35.00%Break even: 62.00%
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Aluminium Conductors - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Aluminium Conductors (i) All Aluminium Conductors (AAC) (ii) All Alloy Aluminium Conductors (AAAC), and (iii) Aluminium Conductors Steel Reinforced (ACSR) are used in Transmission and Distribution system to carry the generated electrical energy from generating station to end user. The Electrical energy is normally generated at the power stations far away from the urban areas where the consumers are located. There is a large network of conductors between the generating stations and the consumer. The network is called the Transmission and Distribution system. The Transmission system is to deliver bulk power from power stations to the load centres and large industrial consumers beyond the economical service range of the regular primary distribution lines where as distribution system is to deliver power from power sector . Uses and Applications Aluminium has many advantages for electrical applications. It is lightweight, strong, corrosion resistant, and a highly efficient conductor (aluminium has twice the conductivity, per pound, of copper)—rendering it the material of choice for transmitting power from generating stations to homes and businesses. It is also infinitely recyclable, making it a perfect fit for today’s environment. In 2010, electrical market applications rose 13.1 percent, to 1.472 billion pounds. Shipments of ACSR, bare cable, and insulated wire and cable products totaled 631 million pounds, off 11 million pounds from the previous year. The North American electrical market was the fourth largest for aluminium, accounting for 7.3 percent of all aluminium shipments during the year. Market Survey India is a big aluminum producer in the world. It also houses a number of aluminum plants which includes aluminum smelting plants, aluminum extrusion plants, alumina refineries, FRP plants, wire rod plants, and aluminum foil plants. India holds the rank of the eighth biggest primary aluminum producer in the world. Following Australia, Guinea, Brazil, and Jamaica, India ranks as the fifth biggest alumina producer in the world. The aluminum production of the country represents approximately 5% of the overall amount of aluminum produced in the world. The country is also a big storehouse of bauxite reserves and the bauxite reserves of the country are projected to remain for more than 350 years The market for power conductors is set to boom in the XII Plan period thanks to a much higher power transmission outlay. With private sector companies lending a supporting hand in mega transmission lines, demand for power conductors is expected to soar. Aluminum conductors have been successfully utilized in the electrical industry for over 100 years. Electricity is transmitted from the utility power plant to point of use meters using aluminum wiring almost exclusively. The Indian market for power conductors is by and large an organized one, with three players dominating the market. Sterlite Technologies Ltd is by far the industry leader, followed by Apar Industries Ltd and Diamond Power Infrastructure Ltd. These three companies together account for 70 per cent of India's power conductor market, with the remaining 30 per cent shared by a large number of smaller players spread nationwide. As of today, the power conductor market is estimated at some 5,600 crore. Few Indian Major Players are as Under:- Aluminium Industries Ltd. Apar Industries Ltd. Aravali Infrapower Ltd. Birla Ericsson Optical Ltd. C M I Ltd. Cable Corpn. Of India Ltd. Central Cables Ltd. Concepta Cables Ltd. Crystal Cable Inds. Ltd. Cybele Industries Ltd. Diamond Power Infrastructure Ltd. East India Udyog Ltd. Finolex Cables Ltd. Fort Gloster Inds. Ltd. G R Cables Ltd. G T C L Mobile Com Technology Ltd. Galada Power & Telecommunication Ltd. Gammon India Ltd. Gem Cables & Conductors Ltd. Gujarat Optical Communication Ltd. Gujarat Telephone Cables Ltd. Gwalior Transmission System Ltd. H G S (India) Ltd. Haryana Telecom Ltd. Hindustan Cables Ltd. Hindusthan Vidyut Products Ltd. Hirakud Industrial Works Ltd. Incab Industries Ltd. Indo Power Cables Ltd. Industrial Cables (India) Ltd. Kei Industries Ltd. Lunkad Aluminium Ltd. M P Telelinks Ltd. Madhya Pradesh Electricals Ltd. Marine Cables & Wires Pvt. Ltd. Murarka Cables & Conductors Ltd. Nicco Corpn. Ltd. Nicco Corporation Ltd. [Erstwhile] Nicco Industries Ltd. Omega Cables Ltd. Opal Industries Ltd. Optel Telecommunications Ltd. Paramount Communications Ltd. Paramount Wires & Cables Ltd. Pashupati Cables Ltd. Pawan Power & Telecom Ltd. Pennar Aluminium Co. Ltd. Plasmac Machine Mfg. Co. Ltd. R P G Cables Ltd. R R Kabel Ltd. S G N Telecoms Ltd. Savant Infocomm Ltd. Shashi Cables Ltd. Skytone Electricals (India) Ltd. Smita Conductors Pvt. Ltd. Spectra Punjab Ltd. Sterlite Technologies Ltd. Sterlite Telecom Ltd. Sterlite Telelink Ltd. Tamilnadu Telecommunications Ltd. Telelink Nicco Ltd. Telephone Cables Ltd. Torrent Cables Ltd. Torrent Cables Ltd. Traco Cable Co. Ltd. U M Cables Ltd. Uniflex Cables Ltd. Universal Cables Ltd. Upcom Cables Ltd. V H E L Industries Ltd. Vimal Flexsol Ltd. ?
Plant capacity: 4 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 93 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 393 Lakhs
Return: 37.00%Break even: 37.00%
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PVC Electric Wires & Cables - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The generation, transmission, and distribution of power involves electrical facilities, apparatus, and components, to carry the electrical energy from its generating site to where it is utilized. An important part of this power system is the cable system that is used exclusively to carry power from the main substations to secondary substations at load centers. Low voltage cable is used to distribute power from the load centers to utilization equipment in conduits and ducts, even though other methods such as cable trays, direct burial for outdoor applications, and aerial cable are used. Electrical, mechanical, and environmental considerations are the main factors in selecting and applying cable systems for distribution and utilization of electrical power. Previously rubber insulated cables were in vogue but their life used to be short. Now days in the field of insulated cables PVC cables have occupied an important place and in fact these are most popular. PVC Cables are usually of two grades viz. 250/440 volts grade cable and 640/1100 volts grade cable. Some of the types of PVC cables are: PVC insulated entwined wires used for service connections, Twin twisted PVC insulated wire for appliances, Flat type PVC cord having two parallel PVC insulated wires for appliances, Round type PVC cord having twin twisted PVC coated wire sheathed with round PVC sheathing, PVC insulated over head wire consisting of 20 to 30 core wires about 0.5 mm. dia., twisted together and covered with PVC.PVC insulated control cable for appliances, low voltage distribution, telephone wire, switch board wiring, and cables for automobiles. Cables are manufactured from Electrolytic grade bright annealed copper, thus helping save energy. These are insulated with special grade Pre Compound offering high insulation resistance & dielectric strength & are ideal for conduit wiring. Each meter of wire goes through high voltage testing machines to make certain that there are no weakness spots in the insulation. PVC insulated flexible single core and multi core cables are manufactured as per the most stringent quality specification to meet international standards. Electrolytic grade copper conductors and dielectric grade. PVC insulation makes these cables suitable for transmitting voltage up to 1100 volts. The 250/440 volt grade cable are suitable for use on single phase or 3 phase systems where the voltage between each conductor and earth does not exceed 250 V. (That is solidly earthed 440 V). The 650/1100 volts grade cable are suitable for use on medium voltage 3 phase system where the voltage between the conductor and the earth does not exceed 650 V. (That is solidly earthed 1100 V. System). These can also be used on single phase system in special conditions where greater degree of safety is required. Uses and Application PVC wires & cables are used in home appliance, house wiring, TV, VCR control panel, power distribution & secondary transmissions etc. The main use of PVC wires & cables are in house wiring. Since as the name suggests its used everywhere, where electricity is to be carried from one point to another with safety. Domestic cables & wires used extensively. These types of cables are used in house wiring, wiring of T.V, Video & Control panel circuits. These types of wires are used where temporary wiring for domestic use is necessary. Power cables are used mostly by electricity boards & big industries where consumption of electricity is large. These cables are used for domestic supply of electricity in big towns of cities or in workshops where open wiring is not suitable due to moisture & hazardous gases. In Market segments, PVC Wires & Cables are used in Airports, Automobile, Building & Construction Industries, Cement Industries, Chemical & Process Industries, Fertilizer Industries, Hydro Power Generation, Information Technology Industries, Nuclear Power Generation, Ordinance Factories & Defence Installations, Petrochemical Industries / LPG Plants, Petroleum Refineries & Port Terminals, Power Electricity Distribution Industries, Railways, Steel Plants, Thermal Power Generation. Market Survey The demand for the incremental cables supply which is now prevalent in the industry (in form of large, ongoing infrastructure, power and industrial projects) is expected to flow from the following quarter in this fiscal. Cables demand forms a major part of every industrial project. It is estimated that there are around 1,000 cable making companies across the world, of which around 18% are located in North America, 26% in Europe, 13% in Asia and 43% in rest of the world. China alone accounts for two thirds of consumption of cables in the Asia region and 21% of total world consumption. Demand is stimulated by major electrification programs to extend energy networks. The high consumption in Western Europe and North America stems from the need to replace aging lines and to inter connect the electricity networks in those regions. Since India is expected as one of the worlds fastest growing markets for high voltage power cables, to cope with increasing power demand, J Power Systems decided to expand its production capacity by establishing a new plant in partnership with Finolex. Universal Cables Ltd (UCL) has started work on its Rs 610 mn cross linked polyethylene cables project. It is the first project of its kind in the country. There is a very good scope for this product and every industry is incomplete without this, so by establishing this business, one can be a major support to other industries. Cost Estimation Capacity Single Core Wire : 12000 km/Annum Single Core Standard Wire : 9000km/Annum Multiple Core Flexible Wire : 4200 km/Annum
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: Rs.186 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 453 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 68.00%
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Heat Exchanger (Fin Type) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The Air cooled heat exchanger is a device for rejecting heat from a fluid or gas directly to ambient air. When cooling both fluids and gases, there are two sources readily available, with a relatively low cost, to transfer heat to air and water. The obvious advantage of an air cooler is that it does not require water, which means that equipment requiring cooling need not be near a supply of cooling water. In addition, the problems associated with treatment and disposal of water have become more costly with government regulations and environmental concerns. The air cooled heat exchanger provides a means of transferring the heat from the fluid or gas into ambient air, without environmental concerns, or without great ongoing cost. The heat exchangers are commonly useful in industries where the fluids have small chances of fouling. Plate fin heat exchanger manufactures are the same for all sizes and all materials. Uses & Applications Fin heat exchangers are widely used in automobile, aerospace, cryogenic and chemical industries. They are characterized by high effectiveness, compactness (high surface area density), low weight and moderate cost. Although these exchangers have been extensively used around the world for several decades, the technologies related to their design and manufacture remain confined to a few companies in developed countries. Recently efforts are being made in India towards the development of small plate fin heat exchangers for cryogenic and aerospace applications. Finned Type Heat Exchanger Applications can be summarized as used in following areas: Refrigeration Condensers, Air Coolers, Air Heaters, Natural gas liquefaction, Air Separation, Steam Condensers, Ammonia production, Oil refineries, Food Industries and Processing Industries, Nuclear engineering & Syngas production. Market Survey Energy savings is rapidly emerging into a massive industry worldwide, and this global trend towards significantly reducing heat energy costs, and increasing energy efficiency has and will continue to witness heat exchangers emerge as the greatest beneficiary. On the end use front, the industry is witnessing a rapid shuffling of shares with emerging applications in environmental remediation, propped by tightening legislation, increasingly outnumbering the traditional applications within chemical, fuel processing, and power generation sectors. Competition in the global heat exchangers market has, over the last few years, intensified largely as a result of the emergence of low cost Asian manufacturers. New entrants from Russia, Eastern Europe, and Asian nations such as India and China, have made remarkable progress. Continued resurgence of investments in energy and petrochemical sectors in Asia will aid in spurring demand for heat exchangers in the region for use in processes in the production and refining of oil, gas, and petrochemicals. ? Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Behr India Ltd. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Filtron Engineers Pvt. Ltd. G E I Industrial Systems Ltd. Incorporated Engineers Ltd. India Radiators Ltd. Jord Engineers India Ltd. Paharpur Cooling Towers Ltd. Patels Airtemp (India) Ltd. Sarabhai Machinery Pvt. Ltd. Tema India Ltd. Titanium Tantalum Products Ltd. Ultra Drytech Engineering Ltd. Universal Heat Exchangers Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs.93 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs.316 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 55.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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