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Electrical, Electronic Industries and Power Projects

Electric equipment industry contributes over 2% of GDP which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 billion now to USD 363 billion, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production.

The electrical equipment and accessories industry, with its highly diversified content, may be broadly segmented into (i) generation equipment, (ii) transmission equipment, and (iii) distribution equipment. The equipments and accessories under these segments include motors, turbines, generators, switchgears, transformers, circuit breakers, induction motors, power capacitors, meters, transmission towers. Besides these, the spectrum covers a whole range of power cables including XLPE and AAC and ACSR conductors and electrical consumer products like fans, electric lamps, exhausts and domestic appliances and accessories. Inverters, gensets, UP also fall under its domain.

The electrical industry has been showing signs of recovery after poor performance in the recent years. The domestic electrical industry, which includes equipment for generation, transmission, distribution and use of power in industrial units, constitutes a major part of the electrical products.

The growth of the industry is directly related to the development of power generation and distribution. India's generation capacity of 2,300 MW in 1950 expanded to over 116,500 MW including non-utilities at the end 2000-01. The total installed capacity of electric power generation further increased to 141,080 MW in 2007-08 (upto January 2008) compared to a capacity of 128,000 MW during the same period in 2006-07. The Eleventh Plan has targeted a capacity addition of 78,570 MW.

The five years (2007-2012) may be the best of times for power equipment makers with the power sector on an expansion spree. With order-book growth expanding over the last three years, there is a good chance that this will continue. Close to 82% of the planned generation capacity for the Tenth Plan was either implemented or was in the process of being implemented. Even assuming a 70% implementation ratio for the Eleventh Plan, close to 55,000 MW will be added. Five ultra mega power projects, totaling 20,000 MW are coming up in 2008. In the transmission sector, for example, Power Grid Corporation is planning a capex of Rs 710 billion by 2010.

Earlier, the shortfalls in achieving the Plan targets of addition to power generation and up-gradation of transmission and distribution had adversely affected the electrical equipment industry. The peak shortage which was over 11% of the requirement in 2003-04 increased to 11.7% in 2004-05 and to over 12% in 2005-06. The shortage further rose to about 14% in 2006-07. In the ten months of 2007-08 the peak shortage had risen to over 15% of the peak demand of 107,010 MW.

Major players in electrical equipment segment are ABB, BHEL, BHEL Power Solutions, Havell's India, Kirloskar Electric, Crompton Greaves and Suzlon Energy.

According to the Power Ministry, the power sector has tied up Rs 2,240 billion worth of investments to build power plants with 70,000 MW capacities in the next three years.

With some fast moves at launching fast track projects to augment supplies, the Indian industry needs to improve its competitiveness. The Indian market is growing and multinationals with newer technologies are now more active.

 

 

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UNINTERRUPTED POWER SUPPLY (UPS) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

Electronic power is the main source for the operation of electric or electrical instruments/systems being used in the industries or in domestic sphere. Therefore, continuous power supply is essential for any system in order to prevent them from any type of failure. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS), also known as a battery back-up, provides emergency power and, depending on the topology, line regulation as well to connected equipment by supplying power from a separate source when utility power is not available. It differs from an auxiliary or emergency power system or standby generator, which does not provide instant protection from a momentary power interruption. A UPS, however, can be used to provide uninterrupted power to equipment, typically for 5–15 minutes until an auxiliary power supply can be turned on, utility power restored, or equipment safely shut down. While not limited to safeguarding any particular type of equipment, a UPS is typically used to protect computers, data centers, telecommunication equipment or other electrical equipment where an unexpected power disruption could cause injuries, fatalities, serious business disruption or data loss. UPS units come in sizes ranging from units which will back up a single computer without monitor (around 200 VA) to units which will power entire data centers or buildings (several megawatts). Vagaries and continuing worsening utility power supply is the key driver of the Indian UPS system. Presently power supply in India is very poor in terms of availability as well as quality. The duration of power cut in some areas is as high as eight hours a day. Voltage flotation often ranges from 140 to 300 volts. The situation is further worsened by the presence a lot of surges; sparks and various type of distortion along with high and low voltage. There is a huge market prevailing for UPS in both on-line and off-line categories in view of fast pace of the industrialization together with the computerization. Hence, there is a large demand of UPS in the process industries, hospitals, banks, offices, cinema theaters, airports, railway stations, hotels and computer installations. The computerization in both the Government and private sector has lead to the growth of UPS market. Besides, UPS growth is also expected due to price reduction of UPS technological advancement, large replacement market, deteriorating power situation. Instrumentation which is generally computer based also need UPS to avoid complications arising due to power break-down. Now-a-days the demand of uninterrupted power supply is increasing very rapidly, so there will be wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 10.00 Nos. /dayPlant & machinery: 9 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 165 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 36.00%
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CAPTIVE POWER PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Robust power generation and an effective delivery model determine the bullish economic growth of a country. A weak power infrastructure impedes the growth potential and pulls back the growth initiates. Captive power plants are essentially non-utility power plants. These plants are owned by specific industries, which consume all the power produced for its production purposes. The size of these power plants varies from 0.25 MW to 300 MW. The fuel used by these plants is diesel, coal, gas and hydro. The power supply gap between the required energy and available energy is increasing every day. Hence, it comes as no surprise that the government is focusing more on the renewable sources of energy. There is good scope for new captive power plant.
Plant capacity: 5 MWPlant & machinery: 1733 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2097 Lakhs
Return: 33.00%Break even: 34.00%
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TRANSFORMER OIL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Transformer oil, or insulating oil, is usually a highly-refined mineral oil that is stable at high temperatures and has excellent electrical insulating properties. It is used in oil-filled transformers, some types of high voltage capacitors, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and some types of high voltage switches and circuit breakers. Its functions are to insulate, suppress corona and arcing, and to serve as a coolant. These are mineral oils and are used to dissipate the heat generated in electric transformers, switches, circuit breakers and motor starters etc. They also act as electrical insulators. As transformers consume maximum amount of such oils, most these are also called Transformer oil. This oil can also be used as electrical cable oil. The main consuming industries for transformer oil are the electrical industries for transformers. In transformers it is used as an insulating fluid as wells as cooling media. The lubricating oil and grease market in India is of the order of 1.3 mn tonnes and is growing at around 4.5% annually. The moderate growth is paradoxically due to the supply of better quality of lubricants which have longer servicing capability. The lubricant market is estimated to grow to the level of 1.42 mn tonnes in 2006-07 and to approximately 2.00 mn tonnes in 2014-15. The Indian lubricants industry claims to be the sixth largest in the world. It has the presence of almost all major MNCs which include Shell, Mobil, Gulf Oil, Caltex. Some of these oil majors have even tied up or renewed old ties with public sector undertakings, thereby gaining the advantage of distribution and infrastructural networks. The industry is being constrained by high petroleum prices. Until the 1980s, lubricants produced in the country were basically simple blends based on low and medium level technologies. More sophisticated lubricants were imported and these accounted for a relatively small market. Product variation is fairly extensive depending on the requirements of the segment served. In many cases, specific customers have their own special requirements. The lubricants market was dominated by three public sector refinery companies: (i) Bharat Petroleum (ii) Indian Oil Corporation, and (iii) Hindustan Petroleum. Small contributions came in from BPL and private players like Castrol. Lubrizol India and Indian Additives came into existence for manufacturing sophisticated lubricant additives with the collaboration of Lubrizol and Chevron, respectively. The demand of transformer oil is increasing year by year due to increase in demand of transformers. There is good scope to venture in to this project for new entrepreneurs. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Apar Industries Ltd. Apar Ltd. [Merged] Electra (Jaipur) Ltd. M P Petrochem Ltd. Madras Petrochem Ltd. Powerlink Oil Refinery Ltd. R T S Power Corpn. Ltd. Raj Lubricants (Madras) Ltd. Rams Transformers Ltd. Savita Oil Technologies Ltd. Vijai Electricals Ltd.
Plant capacity: 30000.00 KLS/annumPlant & machinery: 1294 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 3675 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 34.00%
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THERMAL POWER PLANT (5 MW) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Power generation is an essential requirement of economic growth of a country. Generation involves with the production of power and transmission and distribution function is of carrying the generated power to the doorsteps of the consumer. Indias per capita power consumption was 490 units in 2004-05, one third compared with 1,500 units of China. Indias consumption stood around 644 units in 2007-08 at an annual average growth of 10.47% and, during the same period, Chinas consumption has grown at 12 to 13% per annum to cater to its economic growth. Large number of power plants of varied types and sizes exist in the country. These are utilized in process industry. Thermal plants inducing co-generating power plants could, therefore, play a supplementary role in meeting the countrys power demand. A weak power infrastructure impedes the growth potential and pulls back the growth initiates. Thermal power plants are owned by specific industries, which consume all the power produced for its production purposes. Every person, who has constructed a thermal power plant and maintains and operates such plant, shall have the right to open access for the purposes of carrying electricity from his/her thermal power plant to the destination of his/her use; provided that such open access shall be subject to availability of adequate transmission facility and such availability of transmission facility shall be determined by the Central Government. The power supply gap between the required energy and available energy is increasing everyday.
Plant capacity: 5 MWPlant & machinery: 1753 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2076 Lakhs
Return: 52.00%Break even: 29.00%
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ELECTRICAL CONTROL PANEL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Electrical control panel is a flat, often vertical, area where control or monitoring instruments are displayed. Any complex piece of machinery requires a user interface to enable the user to monitor its operations, check for efficient functioning, and intervene when required. Machines overheat, slow down, speed up or generally vary in their performance based on numerous factors such as fatigue, weather conditions, and the wear and tear of components and parts. They are found in places such as nuclear power plants, ships, aircraft and mainframe computers. The range of electric panels is used for industrial purposes, generator panel building or apartment construction organization purpose and costume built designs. These control panels are designed for specific applications and are available in many different configurations. Like standard control panels, custom products are used to receive inputs, trigger outputs, and monitor systems and information. Examples include access control panels; electrical control panels, motor control panels, and pump control panels. Typically, these specialized control panels can be electronic, hydraulic, or pneumatic (air) with buttons, touch screen, knobs, or other analog or digital inputs. In electrical machines, example like generators, these varying changes constitute an electrical signal. These signals can be intelligently processed to control the performance of the machine. A lot of machines in urban environments (such as signal lights and automatic doors) are completely self-managed due to such controllers. They have sensors that can detect changes in physical attributes like heat and speed and generate signals accordingly. Various equipments have similar sensors to detect changes in all kinds of various parameters. These can be used to control the equipment through a control panel. There are many types of control panel such as Motor Control Centers, Power Distribution Panels, APFC Panels, Auto Mains Failure panels, Automation Panels, Pneumatic Control Panels, etc. Electric equipment industry contributes over 2 per cent of GDP, which is projected to increase to about 12% in 2015 according to a study by Frost & Sullivan. During the period, consumption of electrical equipment is estimated to increase from over USD 28 billion now to USD 363 billion, growing at a CAGR of about 30%. It is also expected that during 2010-2015, the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at 5.5 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production. In the electrical industrial equipment sub-sector, there are more than 75 companies in production producing switchgears, control panels and other industrial power distribution equipments/devices. Major players in electrical equipment segment are ABB, BHEL, BHEL Power Solutions, Havells India, Kirloskar Electric, Crompton Greaves and Suzlon Energy. With some fast moves at launching fast track projects to augment power supplies, the Indian industry needs to improve its competitiveness. The Indian market is growing and multinationals with newer technologies are now more active. It is expected that the Indian equipment manufacturing will grow at around 5-6 times the growth rate of global electronic equipment production. So, there is a good scope and bright future in this sub-sector.
Plant capacity: 3000 Nos./Annum, 1000 Amp, Size 10 X 6 X 2.5 Feet Plant & machinery: 149 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1549 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 28.00%
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PVC ELECTRIC WIRES & CABLES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

In the field of insulated cables, PVC cables have occupied an important place and in fact these are most popularly used in homes for domestic wiring. Various types of PVC cables are available, e.g., cables for control, signaling, instrumentation, rural electrification and house wiring, communication as well as for use in wires, automobiles, T.V. electric welding etc. These cables are suitable where the wire-temperature during use does not exceed 70°C. They are usually of two grades viz., 250/440 volts grade cable and 640/1100 volts grade cable. Some of the types of PVC cables are (1) PVC insulated entwined wires used for service connections (2) Twin twisted PVC insulated wire for appliances (3) Flat type PVC cord having two parallel PVC insulated wires for appliances (4) Round type PVC cord having twin twisted PVC coated wire sheathed with round PVC sheathing (5) PVC insulated over head wire consisting of 20 to 30 core wires about 0.5 mm. dia., twisted together and covered with PVC (6) PVC insulated control cable for appliances, low voltage distribution, telephone wire, switch board wiring, and cables for automobiles. Owing to their uses these cables are categorized as: (1) Domestic cables & wires (2) Power cables. PVC wires & cables are used in home appliance, house wiring, T.V, VCR control panel, power distribution & secondary transmissions etc. The main use of PVC wires & cables are in house wiring. Since as the name suggests it’s used everywhere, where electricity is to be carried from one point to another with safety. Wires and cables sector basically consists of two areas: (i) power; and (ii) telecommunication. Power cables are PVC or PE clad, while the cables for telecommunication sector are based on PE (Polyethylene). The power cable industry can be divided into two segments - those manufacturing high voltage and specialty cables and those manufacturing low voltage wires and domestic cables. In India, power cables mostly use aluminium on grounds of economy, although copper is a better conductor. In terms of costs, copper accounts for 15-20%, of while aluminium accounts for 15-30%. PVC accounts for another 5-6% of the total cost. The Indian power cable industry has about a dozen producers in the organized sector, claiming more than two-thirds share of the market. The unorganized sector is constituted of a few small units. The divergence in the two segments goes beyond their unit sizes. The two sectors exhibit significant differences in quality and the capacities. While the organized sector has been manufacturing high voltage and specialty cables, the unorganized sector limits itself to the relatively low voltage market. The organized segment caters also to the industrial market. So there is an ample space and good scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Few Major players are as under: Cable Corpn. Of India Ltd. Mumbai Central Cables Ltd. Nagpur Chandresh Cables Ltd. Mumbai Cords Cable Inds. Ltd. South Delhi Delton Cables Ltd. Central Delhi Emgee Cables & Communications Ltd. Jaipur Gateway Systems (India) Ltd. Ahmadabad Havells India Ltd. North Delhi Hindusthan Vidyut Products Ltd. Central Delhi I L A C Ltd. Ahmadabad Incab Industries Ltd. Kolkata Moti Electric Industries Ltd. South West Delhi Paragon Power Cable Ltd. North West Delhi Polycab Wires Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai Power Infotech Ltd. Dewas Ravin Cables Ltd. Mumbai Vora Wires Inds. (India) Ltd. Indore
Plant capacity: 3000000 Mtrs/AnnumPlant & machinery: 36 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 151 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 38.00%
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POWER CABLE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

The Power cable is the key element of new generation Power distribution network. Wire and cables plays an important part in our surrounding. A cable is two or more wires running side by side and bonded, twisted or braided together to form a single assembly. In mechanics cables, otherwise known as wire ropes, are used for lifting, hauling and towing or conveying force through tension. In electrical engineering cables used to carry electric currents. An optical cable contains one or more optical fibers in a protective jacket that supports the fibers. Essential power cables used for transmission and distribution purposes consist of conductors stranded from plain high conductively annealed copper wires insulated with oil-impregnated paper tapes. The single or multicores assemble in them enclosed in an impermeable metal sheath, and where necessary depending on installation conditions, the assembly is protected by steel armoring. Modern cable technology is still pursuing the above ideal, but today many other additional factors have also to be considered, as indicated in the following notes (dealing with oil impregnated paper insulated cables), which are divided into three main parts, the first dealing with cable design, the second part outlines modern manufacturing methods and the third section discusses installation requirements. To the electrical industry faced with the continuing and probably inevitable increase in the cost of copper, the economic factor has necessarily been of vital importance. The Indian Cable Industry already has Co-operated readily with Government and the electric power industry in the country in producing aluminium- conductor insulated power cables. They have also established elaborate training facilities for wiremen and electricians in the jointing and installation of aluminium cables. The switch-over to aluminium for power and house-wiring cables in India has been dictated mainly from the point of view of availability and the difficult foreign exchange situation now prevailing. However, when free market conditions resume and when copper becomes freely available either from imports or by exploitation of indigenous copper ore reserves, the cable industry expects that a fair share or such copper will be allocated to it and the electric power industry in adequate quantities so that copper or aluminium could be used in cables to suit customer preference, technical requirements and real economics. The selection process of power cables is almost the same as that of a bus system. The basic data for selection would suffice the majority of applications. For site conditions and lying arrangements, which may influence the basic rating of a cable, corresponding daerating factors is also indicated. The information covered for the users to select their cable requirements. PVC coated cables and wires are extensively used in all electrical linings, domestic lightings and all other purposes. Parkway lighting, river crossings, and lighting of the grounds of an institution are among the more common applications of armoured cable. According to the present policy of the India Government, this time, PVC coating on electric cables and wire is exclusively reserved for development in small scale sector or in the cottage industries. Power cables play a small but significant part in infrastructure activities. With strong investments proposed across sectors such as power, realty, industrial and telecom, the cable industry in India is slated for a strong growth going forward. In India, the underground electricity distribution networks are rapidly undergoing upgrades to meet the growing requirements of quality power for industrial and residential use. There are also increasing trends of converting the overhead line to underground cables in low tension (LT) & high tension (HT) network in urban distribution networks. The demand for PVC coated electrical wires (with the rapid electrification all over the country) is increasing at a rapid rate. Hence there is a bright scope for starting new units in this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Asian Cables & Inds. Ltd. Cable Corpn. Of India Ltd. Central Cables Ltd. Chandresh Cables Ltd. Cords Cable Inds. Ltd. Delton Cables Ltd. Emgee Cables & Communications Ltd. Gateway Systems (India) Ltd. Havells India Ltd. Hindusthan Vidyut Products Ltd. I L A C Ltd. Incab Industries Ltd. Moti Electric Industries Ltd. Paragon Power Cable Ltd. Polycab Wires Pvt. Ltd. Power Infotech Ltd. Ravin Cables Ltd. Vora Wires Inds. (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 2050 MT/Annum Aluminium Power Cable,350 MT/Annum Copper Power CablePlant & machinery: 95 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 357 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 63.00%
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INSULATOR - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Electricity play a vital role in the development and growth of Agriculture and Industry, As such, it is a high priority item for all the developing or developed nations. For the generation and distribution of Electricity, High Tension Insulators are an important adjusts. The substances, which strongly oppose flow of electrons through them, are termed as insulators. Traditional ceramics consists of all the products made from clay or silicates. Ceramics today may be defined broadly as any non-metallic inorganic substance in the solid state, normally complex compound but occasionally simple oxides. Even a single element like carbon is an example of not only ceramics but also of a refractory product. Low-tension insulators are used for A.C. & D.C. power supplies of not more than 600 volts. Low tensions insulators are manufactured in both glazed and unglazed insulators are quite satisfactory. Insulators required for use in humid atmosphere are invariably glazed. Glazed insulators are used in lighting arrestors in radio receivers, telephone and utility outfits and neon signs. Some L.T. insulators like nail knobs, tubes & cleats are glazed on one side. Voltage above 1000 Volts is generally considered as high tension for long distance Electric power transmission; high voltage is essential because it reduces the cross/section and, therefore, the weight of the conductor required. Porcelain insulators are suitable for high tension transmission & distribution are required to be effective at high voltages and under extreme climate conditions of rain, snow, high wind of soaring heat. In India, most of the leading high voltage manufacturers are located in the Southern and Eastern regions. This is because the raw materials which are mainly special type of clays which are available in those regions only. The future demand for insulators may be estimated on the basis of the likely behaviour of following 3 sectors ie. Household sectors, Power sector & the demand for commercial and industry sectors. The demand for insulators from domestic market is estimated to increase at 5% per annum. Besides this, there is a good scope for exporting insulators. It is estimated that the demand for insulators in export market will grow at 8% per annum. Thus the demand is likely to increase by more 20000 MT during next 5 years. This provides scope for many power units in LT or lower grade of HT insulators. Atleast 20000 to 25000 MT capacity is required to be added in next 5 years. The concern of Government over safety is increasing particularly for commercial buildings will also increase the demand. However it may require suitable insulators for commercial development of buildings like cinema houses, star category hotels, auditoriums, schools and colleges etc., There is a good scope and good potential in this sector and new entrepreneurs should venture into it. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Aditya Birla Insulators Ltd. Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd. B P L Systems & Projects Ltd. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Deco-Mica Ltd. Goldstone Infratech Ltd. Hindusthan Vidyut Products Ltd. Lakshmi Porcelains Ltd. Marathwada Ceramic Complex Ltd. Modern Insulators Ltd. P E C Ltd. Punjab Ceramics Ltd. Samrakshana Electricals Ltd. Seshasayee Industries Ltd. Vijay Solvex Ltd. W S Industries (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 2500 MT/Annum (Insulator)Plant & machinery: 54 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 250 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 42.00%
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DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Over the past hundred years Transformers have played a major role in the growth of almost all industries in the world. The foundation for the ideal of a Transformer was laid by Micheal Faraday in the year 1931. While at that time these transformers were having moving parts, the present day Transformer is basically a Static device in the sense that they do not have any moving parts that are continuously in motion. Due to continuous efforts of physicists and engineers in the past year, Transformers, underwent many changes, to keep pace with the rapid growth of electrical industries. Now there exists a variety of transformers each differing from the other in its operation, construction, size and applications. The transformers is a device that transfers electricity or energy from one electric circuit to another without change of frequency and usually, but not always, with a change in voltage. In India the role of transformers assumes an added significance since in most of the states; electric supplies are not only erratic but are also characterized by wide variations in frequencies or voltages. These causes enormous damage to the electrical appliance like refrigerators, television and other industrial machinery engaged in the production of commodities. The transformer industry with the help of innovative methods, upgradation in technology etc., will have to manufacture transformers which offer maximum functional efficiency and are at the same time less hazardous or dangerous and economically viable. Transformers can be broadly classified as (i) Transformers for handling electrical energy. (ii) Transformers for electronic circuits The various types of transformers under the Handling electrical energy type transformers are: (1) High Power Transformers (2) Distribution Transformers (3) Furnace Transformers (4) Welding Transformers (5) Testing transformers (6) Auto transformers (7) Instrument Transformers The transformers with rating more than 16,000 KVA are called power transformers and those having rating upto 16,000 KVA or less is called distribution transformers. Both are used for transmission and distribution of electricity. Electricity is transmitted, from generating centre to load centre at extra high voltage. Power transformer steps down the voltage to some extent. The consumers require electricity of different voltage. Distribution transformers are used to modulate the voltage as per the need of consumers. Usually, electricity distribution companies like state electricity Boards install distribution transformers while producing units install power transformers. Realizing the importance of private participation in the power sector, India is strengthening its policies to encourage private investments. The country’s Electricity Act of 2003 caused the compulsory unbundling of the state electricity boards to improve their operational efficiencies, thus creating new market demand for better transmission equipment. As a result the Indian power and distribution transformers market is growing rapidly, according to a recent study by Frost & Sullivan, a global growth consulting company. The Frost & Sullivan study found that revenues in this industry totaled US$1.04 billion in 2005 and is likely to reach $5.31 billion in 2012. India's capacity to manufacture power equipment is set to increase four fold to around 43,000 MW over the next 5 years, through investments of over Rs 300 bn. The additional capacity of 33,000 MW is expected to be added by 2015. Companies like L&T, JSW, and Reliance are in process of setting up equipment manufacturing capacities. Apart from the addition of indigenous capacity, this will also lead to upgradation of technology in the equipment sector. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Accurate Transformers Ltd. Alfa Transformers Ltd. Alstom T & D Distribution Transformers Ltd. Areva T & D India Ltd. Automatic Electric Ltd. Bharat Bijlee Ltd. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Bombardier Transportation India Ltd. Caldyne Automatics Ltd. Crompton Greaves Ltd. D & H Welding Electrodes (India) Ltd. Diamond Power Transformers Ltd. E C E Industries Ltd. East India Udyog Ltd. Electra (India) Ltd. Electra (Jaipur) Ltd. Emco Ltd. General Electric Co. Of India Ltd. Genus Power Infrastructures Ltd. Icomm Tele Ltd. Indo Tech Transformers Ltd. Kanohar Electricals Ltd. Karnataka Vidyuth Karkhane Ltd. Kerala Electricals & Allied Engg. Co. Ltd. Kirloskar Brothers Ltd. Kirloskar Electric Co. Ltd. Kryfs Power Components Ltd. Marsons Ltd. Mukati Transformers Ltd. N G E F Ltd. N R International Ltd. Powergear Ltd. R T S Power Corpn. Ltd. Rams Transformers Ltd. Raychem Rpg Ltd. Rohini Industrial Electricals Ltd. S E Electricals Ltd. Shilchar Technologies Ltd. Star Delta Transformers Ltd. Sudhir Intra Vidyut Ltd. Suzlon Infrastructure Services Ltd. Toyama Electric Ltd. Transformers & Rectifiers (India) Ltd. Tyche Electronics Ltd. Usha (India) Ltd. V H E L Industries Ltd. Vaibhav Enterprises Ltd. Victory Electricals Ltd. Vijai Electricals Ltd. Voltamp Transformers Ltd. X O Infotech Ltd.
Plant capacity: 9000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 325 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1021 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 67.00%
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SET TOP BOX - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

The digital television is considered to be the future of modern television and for that reason there are laws coming in near future that require all the TV stations to switch from analog broadcast to digital. TV viewing is undergoing a change in India with the implementation of Conditional Access System (CAS) and availability of Direct to Home (DTH) services. Digital transmission is superior because it converts images and sounds into digital computer data and transmits them. Once the digital data is received by the receiver attached to your television, it is then quickly reassembled into the original picture and sound and viewed by the viewer. Though this may seem like a longer procedure of transmitting television data, it actually is more advantageous than the older analog method as it provides you with a better picture and sound quality. The picture is not grainy or disturbed and the transmission is very clear. This is because the digital tuner attached to the receiver removes any interface from the signals before converting them back to the original images and sounds. This ability to clean the interface from the signals results in superior quality of picture and sound which ultimately results into superior quality viewing. To add to the quality, the digital television has another advantage of having a user friendly interface where the user can view the listings well in advance rather than having to flip through random channels to find out whats on and whats not. One of the other benefits of digital TV is that the transmission can be compressed in order to take up less bandwidth. This implies that more number of channels can be transmitted over the same cable or over the air frequency. This is beneficial for the cable operators who wish to increase the number of channels, as they can now do so without having to replace any cable. HDTV has a bandwidth hogging nature, and hence digital TV transmission is a better way of transmitting HDTV regardless of the medium of transmission used. India is a dynamic study in itself. The Indian scenario is potentially exciting with a series of decisions taken by the Government to regulate the Indian DTH scene. But the initial excitement in Nov. 2000 has largely been transformed by a realistic look at the guidelines for DTH service in India. The Set Top Box (STB) market growth in India can also be attributed to the growing implementation of CAS (conditional access system), DTH (direct to home) services. The DTH subscriber base has grown to 23.77 million viewers by the end of June quarter from 21.3 million users in the previous quarter, sectoral regulator the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) said. According to Trai, six DTH licensees (excluding DD Direct) reported subscriber base of 23.77 million (for the quarter ended June 2010) as against 21.3 million at the end of March 2010, indicating an increasing penetration of the service. The DTH subscriber base stood at 15.17 million in the quarter ended June 2009. Apart from the free DTH service of Doordarshan, there are six private DTH licensees Dish TV, Tata Sky, Sun Direct, Airtel Digital TV, Reliance BIG TV and Videocon d2h. On installation of set top boxes in Conditional Access System (CAS) notified areas in the four metros, Trai said 7,70,519 boxes had been installed till June 30 this year. The STB industry is expected to grow at a rate of approximately 30% over the next few years since CAS is now mandatory and will be implemented in all four metros. Along with this other big players are also ready to enter in to the DTH services market. This will create stiff competition within the market which in turn will create and match huge demand of set top boxes in India. There is a very good scope and market potential for Set Top Box and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 180000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: 66 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 257 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 64.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

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