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Dyestuff , Dyes, Pigments and Dye Intermediates Projects

A dye which is a colored substance has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber. On the other hand, pigment is a coloring matter, usually in the form of an insoluble powder that is mixed with oil, water, etc. to make paint. The pigment lays on the surface and becomes part of the dry film. Dyes like acid dye, basic dye, mordant dye, vat dyes, reactive dyes etc are all used in textile industry for different purposes.

The dyestuffs industry has nearly 1000 units manufacturing dyes, dyestuffs and pigments with a capacity to produce 75,000 to 80,000 tonnes per annum of textile dyes and organic pigments. The capacity for production of pigments is estimated to be 40,000 tpa, half of which is in the small scale sector.  The number of units is the largest in a single country worldwide and is a case of too little being produced by too many. In this large spread of units, there are only about 146 units in the organized sector with an installed capacity of 58,700 tpa, covering over 75% of the total installed capacity in the country.  Of these, 40 are fairly large in size. In terms of production, the organized sector contributes about two-thirds.

The total market is estimated at over Rs 50 billion, of which, the market for organic pigments is estimated at Rs 3 billion. The market in quantitative terms is made up of basic dyes, azo acid and direct dyes; disperse dyes, fast colour bases, reactive dyes, sulphur dyes, vat dyes, organic pigments, naphthols, optical brightners and others. Nearly 80,000 tonnes of the materials are imported and a quarter of the domestic production is exported annually. The overall market is expanding at around 6.5% as of now.  The dye markets are mostly dominated by reactive and disperse dyes. The demand for reactive and disperse dyes is expected to grow in future as these two dyes are dominant in all the regions.

Globally, China, Taiwan, India, Japan, Korea and Pakistan are the major dyestuff producing countries in the Industry. In terms of market share, Europe is the leading producer due to its allegiance towards specialty products and the countries in Europe have remained the largest players owing to specialty products.

The industry has a blend of Indian enterprise and the MILLIONCs existing side by side. Atul Products, Sudarshan Chemical Industries, Jaysynth Dyechem, Mardia Chemicals and several others have secured a niche in the market place among the Indian enterprises. The million companies have also come to play a dominant role such as IDI (formerly ICI), Ciba Speciality Chemicals (India), Clariant India.

The industry experts are of the view that those capable of consolidation and achieving critical mass have the inherent strength to win. The companies with global reach and backed by technology with resources to strengthen R&D,  are expected to march ahead. Others are likely to fade away as market demands ever new solutions.

India exports mainly to US, Europe and the far East. Exports from India make for 4% to 5% of global trade in dyes and pigments. The comparative advantage of cheap labour, intelligent manpower, well qualified pool of scientists and grasp of technology are expected to open up new vistas for the industry on the export front. World demand for dyes and organic pigments is forecast to grow at around 6.5%.

The future of dye and dyestuff, a part of chemical industry has good prospects in the coming years owing to its high demand.The growth of dye sector in the future will continues to depend on the performance of end user industries like paints, textiles, printing inks, paper, plastics and foodstuffs. The changing customer preferences, boom and expansion of infrastructure in India will create new market opportunities for the dye industry.

 

 

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Bordeaux GP Red B

Dyestuff is a general industry term covering both dyes and pigments in terms of chemistry, reactions and properties. Dyes are intensely coloured organic compounds or mixtures used for imparting colour to the substrates ranging from cloth, paper, and leather to plastics in a permanent fashion. Fast Bordeaux GP base (2-nitro 4-methoxy aniline) is an intermediate dye used for yarn dyeing as raw material for pigments and for printing of cotton. Dyestuffs have been classified in different categories based on the criteria like the colour, origin (natural or synthetic), chemical structure or constitution, applications and method of application. There are several types of dyes, however in India disperse, reactive and direct dyes are most commonly used. Pigments are insoluble substances and could either be in powdered or granular form. They impart colour by reflecting only certain light rays. As per industry reports, demand for dyes and organic pigments is expected to grow at 11% p.a. till 2020 to reach US$ 10 Bn. Organic pigments are anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 5.8%, in terms of revenue, from 2017 to 2025. As a whole you can invest in this project without risk and earn profit. Few Indian major players are as under • Agrasen Dyes & Intermediates Pvt. Ltd. • Amar Dye-Chem Ltd. • Associated Dyestuff Pvt. Ltd. • Baroda Textile Effects Ltd. • Blue Rock Dyes & Chemicals Ltd. • Golden Dyes Corpn. (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Fast Bordeaux GP base: 120 MT/Annum Fast Red B base: 90 MT/Annum Fast Scarlet R base: 90 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 92 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 591 lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Acrylic Yarn Dyeing

Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units. The polymer is formed by free?radical polymerization in aqueous suspension. The fiber is produced by dissolving the polymer in a solvent such as N,N?dimethylformamide or aqueous sodium thiocyanate. Acrylic is lightweight, soft, and warm, with a wool?like feel. It can also be made to mimic other fibers, such as cotton, when spun on short staple equipment. Two ways of obtaining perfectly even distribution to dyestuff in acrylic fiber. Migration properties of the dyestuff can be utilized to get desired effect, provided the dyestuff is not immediately fixed during adsorption on fiber surface and fiber sites having affinity for dye stuffs are distributed evenly in fiber. The build up of dyestuff during first phase of dyeing can be controlled so that no migration takes place after absorption. Textile Dyes market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 7.25% over the projected period to reach US$7.982 billion by 2022, from US$5.625 billion in 2017. Textile dyes are used in the process of adding colors to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics. Preference of natural dyes, growing demand for colored textiles and fibers and strong research and development investments in plant based dyes are the factors driving the market, whereas stringent environment laws, production overcapacity and raw materials price volatility are restraining the market growth. Growing demand for environment-friendly products is boosting the use of natural dyes in textile applications, which in further led to the increase in sales of dyes. Asia Pacific region is expected to witness highest market growth due to the increase in urban households, new applications of textile products and rapid growth in the online fashion market.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Azo Dye Stuffs

Azo dyes are organic compounds bearing the functional group R?N=N?R?, in which R and R? are usually aryl. They are a commercially important family of azo compounds, i.e. compounds containing the linkage C-N=N-C. Azo dyes are widely used to treat textiles, leather articles, and some foods. Chemically related to azo dyes are azo pigments, which are insoluble in water and other solvents. In 2017, the global Azo Dyes Market size was XX million US$ and it is expected to reach XX million US$ by the end of 2025, with a CAGR of XX.X % between 2018 and 2025. The Azo Dyes Market is highly competitive due to the presence of well-established key vendors. The availability R&D facilities and investments by the market leaders ensure that product innovation is always given top priority. The vendors compete based on price, quality, branding, and customer service. Since there is little differentiation between the products offered in Azo Dyes Market, vendors are focusing on launching new technologies.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Ultramarine Blue

Ultramarine is a deep blue color and a pigment which was originally made by grinding lapis lazuli into a powder. The name comes from the Latin ultramarinus, literally "beyond the sea", because the pigment was imported into Europe from mines in Afghanistan by Italian traders during the 14th and 15th centuries. Ultramarine was the finest and most expensive blue used by Renaissance painters. It was often used for the robes of the Virgin Mary, and symbolized holiness and humility. Ultramarine Blue pigment for Masterbatch is non-wrapping and non-shrinking in nature. These pigments prove perfect for materbatch applications owing to their exceptional heat and light stability. This pigment is extensively utilized in applications that need improved appearance as regards brightness, surface smoothness, and transparency. This color masterbatch also offers better mechanical properties favored for manufacturing of thin pressure pipes, films, fibres, bottles, etc. The global Ultramarine Blue market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Erythrosine

Erythrosine, also known as Red No. 3, is an organoiodine compound, specifically a derivative of fluorone. It is cherry or melon-pink synthetic, primarily used for food coloring. It is the disodium salt of 2,4,5,7-tetraiodofluorescein. Its maximum absorbance is at 530 nm in an aqueous solution, and it is subject to photo degradation. Erythrosine (FD&C red no. 3) is one the best characterized chemicals that acts as a 5?-deiodinase inhibitor and results in perturbations of thyroid function. It is a tetra iodinated derivative of fluoresce in, with iodine accounting for ~58% of the molecular weight. Erythrosine is a red dye used widely as a color additive in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. Erythrosine (C20H8I4O5) is commonly referred to as red dye #3. FDA has regulatory oversight for color additives used in foods, drugs, cosmetics, and medical devices. Red Dye #3 can be used in food and drugs per the FDA. According to the FDA, FD&C Red No. 3 may be safely used for coloring foods generally (including dietary supplements) in amounts consistent with good manufacturing practice. Red Dye #3 is commonly used to color maraschino cherries. Erythrosine is an artificial red colouring agent obtained from coal tar. Commonly referred as red dye, erythrosine is composed of iodine and sodium compounds. Erythrosine belongs to xanthene group which represents wide range of brilliant fluorescent dyes ranging from yellow to bluish red. Erythrosine is widely used in food and beverage, cosmetics and pharmaceutical preparation to impart synthetic cherry-pink colour.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Dye Intermediates - Indigo Blue

Indigo is an ancient dye, sold as a striking and bold blue crystalline powder. It has been used in many civilizations and was popular in Mayan, Egyptian, Japanese and Indian cultures. Its common use is in creating the popular Shibori and tie dye fabrics as well as denim. Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo). Historically, indigo was a natural dye extracted from the leaves of certain plants, and this process was important economically because blue dyes were once rare. A large percentage of indigo dye produced today, several thousand tonnes each year, is synthetic. It is the blue often associated with denim cloth and blue jeans. Indigo is a type of blue dye that is generally used for coloring of cotton yarn that is used for production of denim cloth for blue jeans. Indigo is also used for dyeing wool and silk. Indigo was a natural dye which was extracted from plants but now it is synthetic. Indigo dye is a natural dye that is extracted from plants and animals. Though the dye was and is still produced organically, most of the indigo dye available in the market today is mass produced through chemical processes to satisfy increased demand for blue dye. Increase in demand for dye intermediates in textile and extensive use of dye intermediates in printing inks are some factors driving the dye intermediates market. This is prompting companies to increase production of dye intermediates. Additionally, easy availability of raw materials is anticipated to boost the demand for dye intermediates in the near future. The global dye intermediates market is witnessing technological advancements. Companies are constantly striving to develop new and better ways to manufacture dye intermediates. Development of new manufacturing processes of dye intermediates and applications is estimated to propel the dye intermediates market. However, volatility in prices of raw material is projected to inhibit the market. Based on geography, the dye intermediates market can be segregated into North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific is anticipated to constitute a key share of the market during the forecast period. The dye intermediates market in Asia Pacific is estimated to expand a considerable pace owing to the increase in demand for dye intermediates in the paints and printing inks. Middle East & Africa is likely to be an attractive region for the dye intermediates market during the forecast period due to the rise in demand for these in the textile industry in the region.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Dyes & Dye Intermediates

Dyes are used to impart colors to a substance or surface. Dye intermediates are raw materials used to manufacture dyes. Dye intermediates comprise petrochemical products that are processed to manufacture the final dyes and pigments. H-acid (1-amino, 8-napthol, 3, 6-disulfonic acid) is an extensively used dye intermediate. These intermediates are used in the production of hair dyes. Dye intermediates are manufactured from nitro-aromatics, which are manufactured from benzene and toluene. Benzene and toluene are petrochemical downstream products. Therefore, any change in the crude oil prices affects the dye intermediates market significantly. The dye intermediates are a vital inputs for a number of major industries. Some of the major industries they serve are textiles, plastics, paints, printing inks and paper. Dye intermediates are raw materials used to manufacture dyes. Dye intermediates comprise petrochemical products that are processed to manufacture the final dyes and pigments. H-acid (1-amino, 8-napthol, 3, 6-disulfonic acid) is an extensively used dye intermediate. These intermediates are used in the production of hair dyes. Dye intermediates are manufactured from nitro-aromatics, which are manufactured from benzene and toluene. The global market for dyes has been witnessing significant growth due to rising demand from end-user industries such as food, textile, printing inks, and paints & coatings. Developing economies such as China, India, Brazil, and Indonesia are likely to play a substantial role in boosting consumption of dyes in the next few years. India and Indonesia are gradually taking the lead in manufacturing dyes due to availability of raw materials as well as various organic intermediate chemicals. In terms of application, the dye intermediates market can be divided into textiles, plastics, paints, printing inks, paper, and others. The textiles segment of the dye intermediates market is anticipated to expand at a considerable pace due to increasing demand of appeals from the emerging economies. Based on geography, the dye intermediates market can be segregated into North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific is anticipated to constitute a key share of the market during the forecast period. The dye intermediates market in Asia Pacific is estimated to expand a considerable pace owing to the increase in demand for dye intermediates in the paints and printing inks. Middle East & Africa is likely to be an attractive region for the dye intermediates market during the forecast period due to the rise in demand for these in the textile industry in the region.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Fast Colour Base

The Fast Colour Bases are very widely used in Textile Industry. Dyeing with Naphthols Fast Bases are more economical even compared to Reactive Dyes. Maroon, Blue, Yellow obtained with these products are not possible with any other Dyestuff. The Fastness Property of these products is excellent. Light Fastness is almost as good as 6-7 almost nearer to the Vat Dyes. Fast Colour Bases are also very widely used for African Print / Wax Print.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Sulphur Black Dye

Sulfur dyes are the most commonly used dyes manufactured for cotton in terms of volume. They are cheap, generally have good wash-fastness, and are easy to apply. Sulfur dyes are predominantly black, brown, and dark blue. Red sulfur dyes are unknown, although a pink or lighter scarlet color is available. Sulfur dye is generally heated sulfur or sodium sulfide together with certain aromatic amines, amino phenols and other organic compounds, namely vulcanization. In dyeing, sulfur dye needs to be dissolved in a sodium sulfide solution or alkaline hydrosulfite solution to reduce to its hidden color, and then absorbed and oxidized by fiber to show color. • Sulfur dyes are commonly used for black, blue, brown, khaki and green colors. • Sulfur dyes are applied to cellulosic fibers and blends of cellulosics with polyester, nylon and acrylics. • Sulfur dyes can be applied with little difficulty and with excellent results at a relatively low cost. Sulfur dyes are high molecular weight compounds that are obtained from the reaction of sulfur or sulfides with phenols and amines. There are many colorants available in the market that contain sulfur however, only those dyes that are soluble in water after reacting with sodium sulphide in alkaline conditions are known to be sulfur dyes. Sulphur Black dye is available in powder, granules and liquid form, having high degree of properties than other cotton dyes available in market. Good color fastness properties such as light fastness, wash fastness and cost effectiveness makes Sulphur black an important class of dye. This dye can be applied on garment, fabric by exhaust, semi continuous or continuous dyeing methods.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Disperse Dye

Disperse dyes are commonly used to dye in two ways, namely high temperature and pressure method and the hot-melt method. The so-called high temperature and pressure method is actually that the temperature is only 130 ?, and the pressure is only 0.2MPa (gauge pressure). Disperse dyes are the only water-insoluble dyes that dye polyester and acetate fibers. Disperse dye molecules are the smallest dye molecules among all dyes. Disperse dyes is a class of non-ionic dye, which has low water solubility and exists in water primarily in a highly dispersed state by means of the effect of the dispersing agent in the process of dyeing. It is mainly used for dyeing polyester fibers. The chemical structure of most disperse dyes belong to monoazo type, which accounts for about 80% of all the disperse dyes. Disperse dyes are finely ground water-insoluble dyes that are mainly used for dyeing synthetic textiles. The thriving textile industry across the globe and vast technological advances observed in the field of paints and coatings have collectively been boosting the global demand for disperse dyes in the past few years. Disperse dyes can be segmented into three basic types: low energy disperse dyes, medium energy disperse dyes, and high energy disperse dyes. The low energy variety possesses low sublimation fastness, low polarity, low molecular weight, and high dyeing rate. Disperse dyes are synthetic in nature and are far less water-soluble. Dye material is finely grounded in the form of paste or a powder. Disperse dyes are generally used with dye bath solutions in which dispersing agents are employed to increase the water solubility of the dye. Disperse dyes are finely ground water-insoluble dyes that are mainly used for dyeing synthetic textiles. The thriving textile industry across the globe and vast technological advances observed in the field of paints and coatings have collectively been boosting the global demand for disperse dyes in the past few years.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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