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Best Business Opportunities in West Bengal- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mineral: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. India is one of the world's most naturally endowed lands. India is home to numerous minerals which benefit the country economically. The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production. The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country. Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities. There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal.

West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India's total. Lignite mined in Darjeeling is used to make briquettes. West Bengal ranks next to Bihar and Madhya Pradesh in production of fireclay. China clay used in the pottery, paper, textile, rubber and paint industries are unearthed at Mohammad Bazar in Birbhum and Mejia in Bankura. Limestone which is used in cement industry is mined in Bankura, Purulia, Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. There are copper mines in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. Small quantities of low quality iron-ore are mined in Bardhaman, Purulia, Birbhum and Darjeeling. There are manganese in the Jhargram region of Paschim Medinipur, Purulia and Bardhaman. The state’s production of dolomite comes from the Dooars region of Jalpaiguri.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Keeping pace with the liberalised Mineral Policy being adopted by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal has formulated its Mineral Policy in 2002. Among the basic objectives of the West Bengal Mineral Policy, 2002 following are worth mentioning:

1. To review the existing State monopolies over mineral exploration and wherever required, go in for selective de-reservation.

2. To invite private capital, resources and technology, both foreign and domestic, for better exploration and exploitation;

3. To promote necessary linkages for smooth and uninterrupted development of mineral based industries to meet the needs of the State.

4. To ensure proper vigilance and supervision of mining activities with particular emphasis on simplification of procedures and greater generation of revenues from mineral resources.

5. To develop industry friendly facilities in specific minerals like, Coal, Granite and China Clay and in Natural gas like Coal bed Methane.

 

Iron and Steel: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

India has one of the richest reserves of all the raw materials required for the industry, namely land, capital, cheap labour, iron ore, power, coal etc. Yet India is 5th in the world ranking for production of steel. Iron and steel is basis for laying the vibrant Indian industry. Production of steel has come to exist as an index of a country's potential, industrial and economic growth. The making of iron and steel had been known to the people of India since long. The iron pillar of Delhi is a proof of it and speaks of the quality of steel produced in this country in ancient times. The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The per capita usage of steel gives an indication of the technological advancement of a nation.

RESOURCES:

The growth of steel industry in the State is largely related to the proximity of raw materials, skilled manpower, port facilities and the vast market for steel products. Given these location advantages, large numbers of mini integrated steel plants have already been set up in the state manufacturing a wide range of products such as sponge irons, mild steels, iron pipes etc. The neighbouring Eastern States of India viz. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chattisgarh are endowed with huge iron ore reserves along with cooking coal and non-cooking coal. The establishment of Bengal Iron Works at Kulti in Burdwan district of West Bengal in 1870 where the first commercial blast furnace was set up in 1875 heralded the commencement of this industry in the State.

The easy availability of power, competitive rates of freight, close proximity to areas with natural resources relevant to the industry, and labour force traditionality skilled in operating iron and steel units are factors that have influenced the surge in investment in this sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The Indian leather sector meets 10% of global finished leather requirement. The leather industry is spread in different segments, namely, tanning & finishing, footwear & footwear components, leather garments, leather goods including saddlery & harness, etc.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has been functioning as a vast raw material resource base for the leather industry in the form of hides and skins. However, Indian leather export has undergone a transition from the export of raw hides and skins in the fifties to value added finished leather in the nineties. In the context, leather processing industries in West Bengal needed a strong structural support and proposal was mooted for setting up an eco-friendly complex near Calcutta with modern technical and training facilities. In this full scale integrated leather complex, facilities for leather-finishing, computer-aided design centres, modern training centre for up gradation are also being provided. This mega complex will also have manufacturing units to produce footwear uppers, finished foot wears, leather goods and garments to catering to the expanding domestic and export markets. The availability of a wide range of cost effective leather chemicals with consistent quality is crucial for the success of such a mega complex. Entrepreneurs can set up manufacturing units in the mega complex for both tanning chemicals and post-tanning chemical auxiliaries.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semifinished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Petrochemicals: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The petrochemical industry in India has been one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Since the beginning, the Indian petrochemical industry has shown an enviable growth rate. This industry also contributes largely to the economy of the country and the growth and development of manufacturing industry as well. It provides the foundation for manufacturing industries like construction, packaging, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles etc.    

RESOURCES:

The state of West Bengal accounts for almost 4% of India’s production of petroleum products and 13% of India’s polymer production. The production has almost doubled in the last decade. Crude throughput at Haldia refinery increased to 5,502 million tones and its capacity utilization increased to 91.7% during 2005-06.

The growth of the Petrochemical sector has been very impressive both in terms of units set up and investment volume. The main reason for the recent growth of this industry is due to upstream and downstream industry linkages by the oil refining and petrochemical units set up in the state. The industry is due to receive a further fillip with the announcement of US$ 1 billion gas pipeline project to bring natural gas in the state. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. is India’s second largest integrated petrochemical complex. Currently producing 1.5 million tons of polymers and chemicals and has grown significantly to its present turnover of US$ 1.4 billion.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Encourage public sector companies & nationalized banks to enter the capital market to raise resources & offer new investment avenues.

•        Invite & encourage private sector investment in these industries in order to accelerate growth.

•        Set up Petroleum, Chemical & Petroleum Investment Regions (PCPIR) in the state to promote investment on a global scale.

•        Foreign Technology investments will be invited in the petrochemical industries.

•        Encourage Foreign Equity participation in the petrochemical industries.

 

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is one of the three front running states in India in food and agro processing sector. Fruits, vegetables and cereals grow in abundance in West Bengal. The state accounts for 30% of potatoes, 27% of pineapples, 12% of bananas and 16% of India’s rice production. Additionally fruits like mangoes, papaya, guava and jackfruit and vegetables like tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, are available in plenty.

West Bengal is the largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables and fruits in the country and second largest producer of potatoes and lychees. It ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country and accounts for 10% of the country’s edible oil production. It is a substantial producer of spices, coconut, cashew nut, arecanut, betel vine and oilseeds. West Bengal is also one of the leading states in pisciculture since it the largest producer of fish.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Agro & Food Processing Industries form a very important part of the State’s economy. The West Bengal Government is setting up a number of policies & plans to focus on the selected areas like vegetables, fruits, fisheries, rice, poultry, dairy & floriculture. The major thrust areas of the policy are:

•        Increase agricultural production & productivity vertically through wider adoption of appropriate eco-system-specific & cost effective technology.

•        Bring more area under High Yielding Variety (HYV), hybrid & improved varieties of crops.

•        Emphasize increase production of pulses & oil seeds in non-traditional areas & non-conventional seasons.

•        Create employment opportunities in this sector to improve the socio-economic status of the farmers & also to remove sub-regional disparity.

•        Extending soil-testing facilities up to district level for proper use of fertilizer.

•        Post-harvest technology for reducing loss & better marketability.

•        Bring cultivable waste land & fallow land under cultivation.

•        Application of low cost technology for increasing production & productivity.

•        More money involvement in agriculture.

•        Encourage private entrepreneurship for processing of fruits, vegetables & horticultural items.

•        Promote floriculture parks & flower complexes in the state.

•        Other Business Process, knowledge Process and Engineering Process Outsourcing services

The State Government is encouraging the farmers for mechanization through the use of modern agricultural implements & machines for timely farm operation & reduction in the cost of cultivation.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of the capital city of the state of West Bengal. West Bengal has traditionally been a major producer of cotton textile as well in the country. Jute textile manufacturing is the most prominent industry in West Bengal due to availability of raw jute in the state. At present there are 59 Jute mills in West Bengal. Main jute products are Hessian, sacking, jute bags, and other items produced by jute. Most of the jute mills are located on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata. West Bengal is the leader and pioneer in the country for the manufacturing of Jute textiles. Hosiery industry in West Bengal has a huge grow potential as Bengal was the birthplace of hosiery industry in India.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE

The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player. Biopharma and bioservices sectors contributed 63 per cent and 33 per cent, respectively, to the total biotech exports. The bioagriculture, bioindustrials and bioinformatics sectors remained focussed on domestic operations, bringing in nearly 90 per cent of their revenues from India.

RESOURCES

West Bengal has a vast knowledge base with few of the premiers institutes of India located here.          Presence of Kharagpur IIT which over the years have done path breaking research in this sector is a major resource of biotechnology development. It has rich bio diversity, characterized by several species of medicinal & aromatic plants and diverse agro climatic zones. A matrix of 75 deliverable products is ready for commercialization in the agro and medical sector. Increase awareness among people about the adverse side effects of synthetic drags.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The state has been putting efforts to facilitate the growth of biotech industries and development of clean biotech technologies. The various key initiatives under this section include:

•        Conserve bio-diversity through mapping and sustainable use of bio-resources.

•        Create a "Centre of Excellence for Biotechnology" as a high quality support service to Biotech Industries.

•        Facilitate the flow of venture capital funds and bank credit to Biotech companies.

•        Spread general awareness for optimum utilisation of Biotechnology in the agriculture sector.

 

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market. The Indian auto component industry has kept pace with technological developments and is today catering not only to OEM and Tier I auto makers in India but abroad as well. Many Indian auto part makers have today also succeeded in emerging as the supplier of choice to global auto majors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has traditionally been very strong in the engineering industries and has been an important manufacturing base in the past. West Bengal’s Hindustan Motors was one of the pioneers by commencing production of vehicles in the state in the year 1948. Recently it has collaborated with Mitsubishi Company of Japan to diverse into a wide range of cars and manufactures everything related to automobile industry like trekkers, trucks, and also luxury cars like Mitsubishi Lancer and touching a consolidated net sale of US$ 233.47 million in the last fiscal year. West Bengal realizing this huge potential in this sector has geared up with appropriate plans and policies to boost this sector. Also it has got certain inherent competitive advantages since the state is located in the heart of India’s steel and manufacturing cluster.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

•        Encouraging development of vehicles propelled by alternate energy sources.

•        Development of domestic safety & environmental standards at par with the international standards.

•        Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies & availability of appropriate auto fuels.

The State is also encouraging dynamic investment in the sector to create an environment for volume production & indigenous capability for small cars & auto parts.

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal is the second largest tea growing state in the countryl contributing almost 21% of the total production in the country. There are three tea-growing zones in the state;       Darjeeling,          Terai and Dooars. Darjeeling tea is considered to be the finest in the world. There are 343 tea gardens in West Bengal covering 1,03,950 hectares planted area. Some of the major players in the Tea industry in West Bengal include Tata Tea Ltd, James Finlay & Company. Both of them together are representing world’s second largest global branded tea operations with product and brand presence in over 50 countries. Goodricke Group Ltd. (GGL) a part of the UK-based Cammelia Plc, the world’s single largest tea producer in the private sector. In India it is the third largest tea producer and the leading producer of Darjeeling tea.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The tea industry in India is highly regulated. It requires licenses for its import or export. While The Tea Act, 1953 controls production and distribution activities, the Tea (Marketing) Control Order, 2003 regulates tea sales and stipulates that a defined percentage of tea produced from each garden be sold through the auction system. In addition to this central cess, States also levy sales tax on sale of tea. Profits from production and sale of tea are subject to agricultural income tax by the states. Thus, the residual income after paying corporate tax is taxed again. This tax is levied on profits accruing to gardens located in respective state. 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in tea industry is permitted subject to compulsory divestment of 26% equity of the company in favour of an Indian partner / Indian public within five years from the date of investment.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

West Bengal has the widest variety of attractions in terms of tourist spots from the bustling Kolkata Megapolis with its historical and modern charms, to the zones of tranquillity like the Himalayan terrain in the north to the Sunderbans in the south. The state is endowed with all the diversities of nature that is a tourist’s dream. From the arid Chhota Nagpur plateau region in the west, forests in the north and south, mountains in the north, sea beaches in the south and rivers crisscrossing the whole of the state the varied panorama offers the discerning traveller a very wide choice and caters to the requirements of varied travel segments. More specifically, the snow capped peaks of the Himalayas, Darjeeling, referred by many as the Queen of the Hill Stations, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway declared as a World Heritage Site, the vast tea estates of the Dooars, the famed Royal Bengal Tiger of Sunderbans, the innumerable historical landmarks of India’s and Bengal’s glorious history are all wonders for the prospective tourists.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in West Bengal

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

There are 609 hazardous waste generating units in West Bengal. Amongst the nineteen districts of the state, two districts (Darjeeling and South Dinajpur) do not generate hazardous waste. The total quantum of hazardous waste generation from West Bengal is 2,59,776.24 metric tonnes per annum. (MTPA), out of which 46 per cent (1,20,596.41 MTPA) is landfillable, 49 per cent (1,26,596.38 MTPA) is recyclable and the remaining 5 per cent (12,583.45 MTPA) is incinerable by nature. Interestingly, it was observed that the majority of hazardous waste generating units in the state is small and is generating meagre quantity of waste, whereas the units generating substantial amount of hazardous wastes are limited in number.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Setup Wheat Processing Unit (Wheat Starch, Vital Wheat Gluten, Modified Starches, Fibres & Proteins)

A wheat processing unit is a piece of machinery that is used to turn wheat into starchy foods like white flour, pasta, and pastries. Vital wheat gluten, which has a high protein content and is utilised in many gluten-free goods, can also be made from processed wheat. Additional qualities, such as a thicker texture or a richer colour, can be added to processed wheat and utilised in ice cream and cake mixes. Almost anyplace wheat is farmed, a wheat mill, also known as a wheat processing factory, can be found. The wheat storage unit, wheat cleaning system, wheat grinding unit, and wheat packing machine are the four basic components of a wheat mill. Wheat, along with corn and rice, is one of the most widely grown grains on the planet. Wheat starch is produced from wheat species such as Triticum aestivum, or bread wheat, and can be utilised immediately after milling for animal feed, bread baking, and other uses. Wheat includes a lot of starch, which makes up 60-75 percent of the grain and 70-80 percent of the flour. When compared to other sources of starch, such as cassava (12%), potato (4%), others (0.5%), and maize (0.7%), wheat contains around 7% of the total amount of starch (77 percent ). The demand for high-quality wheat flour has increased as the number of health-conscious consumers has climbed. The amount and content of endosperm starch are two important factors in influencing the quality of wheat flour. Starch is a mixture of around 75 percent amylopectin and 25 percent amylose in traditionally farmed wheat, namely non-waxy wheat. Because waxy wheat grains have nearly 100% amylopectin in their starch, replacing regular wheat flour with waxy wheat flour could be a promising way to improve the quality of wheat flour products, such as reducing staling in flour, keeping baked goods fresher for longer periods of time, and improving the palatability of noodles. Advantages of Setting up Wheat Processing Unit: In addition to storing raw grains, wheat processing machines are utilised for a variety of food manufacturing processes. Steel, aluminium, and plastic are some of the materials that can be used to make these wheat processing units. They are used to keep dry fruits and other consumables free of moisture in addition to storing grains. Additionally, these wheat processing technologies assist in the separation of damaged grains from excellent grains, eliminating waste from low-quality grains or crops. They also help to keep insects away from stored goods, which could cause damage otherwise. Apart from these benefits, wheat processing equipment can be customised to match the needs and specifications of unique consumers. Wheat starch is a carbohydrate present in wheat that is widely consumed by people. Baking starch is commonly found in wheat. It's a polysaccharide that has a lot of glucose molecules in it. Starch, whether in its natural form or as a derivative, has a wide range of uses in the food and manufacturing industries. Puddings, soups, sauces, pie fillings, salad dressings, and a variety of baking recipes all need food starches to thicken and stabilise them. Foods with a low pH or that cannot be heated also require modified starches. Wheat starch can be used to improve food texture, viscosity, gel formation, adhesion, binding, and moisture retention, and it can even be used as a fat alternative. It also works as an emulsifier, stabiliser, and clouding or glazing agent. However, it is mostly used as a thickening agent in the food business. Gluten is a naturally occurring protein present in wheat. In yeast bread recipes, a modest amount increases the texture and flexibility of the dough. Seitan, a vegetarian meat alternative, can also be made with Vital Wheat Gluten Flour. The protein present in the endosperm of the wheat berry, which contains 75 to 80 percent protein, is used to make Vital Wheat Gluten. It becomes highly elastic and has a taffy-like texture when combined with water. Although vital wheat gluten is sometimes listed as a "optional" ingredient in baking recipes, it is a useful addition to have on hand. A tablespoon or two of essential wheat gluten added to the following loaf of bread will improve its elasticity and chewiness. Modified starch is made by altering the properties of natural starch physically, enzymatically, or chemically. Food as a thickening agent, stabiliser, or emulsifier; medications as a disintegrant; and coated paper as a binder are just a few of the applications for modified starches. They're also useful in a variety of situations. Wheat bran is high in dietary fibre, which can help prevent colon cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer, gallbladder illness, haemorrhoids, and hiatal hernia. Constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes are all treated with it. Wheat starch's broad application in the food and beverage industry is moving the global market ahead, thanks to its excellent stabilising, thickening, and gelling capabilities. The business has been encouraged by rapid urbanisation and rising disposable income levels, which has increased global demand for wheat starch. Wheat starch is being used more frequently in the production of skincare and personal care products, moving the industry forward. Because of its ability to absorb excess oil and pollutants from the skin, starch is used in the manufacture of face masks and body cleansers. The global trend for natural skincare products encourages this even more. Some of the significant market drivers include wheat starch's broad use as a sizing agent and manufacturing component in the textile and paper sectors, as well as its expanding use as a fat replacer in the food industry. The market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 3.1 percent between 2022 and 2027 as a consequence of the aforementioned factors. A key driver of the global Wheat starch market is the rising demand for wheat starch as a stabilising and gelling agent in numerous end-use industries. Wheat starch is a thickening ingredient used in a wide variety of meals. Gelatinization and retrogradation thicken dishes using wheat starch. Industry Major Market Players • Farmers Grain Company • Wudeli Flour Mill Group • Cargill Incorporated • Ardent Mills LLC • Archer Daniels Midland Company • General Mills • Allied Pinnacle Pty Limited • Manildra Milling Pvt Ltd. • Korfez Flour Mills • George Weston Foods Ltd. • Hodgson Mill Inc.
Plant capacity: Wheat A-Starch:138 MT/Day Wheat B-Starch:24MT/Day Vital Wheat Gluten:33MT/Day Modified Starches:30MT/Day Fibres:56MT/Day Proteins: 12MT/Day Plant & machinery: 72 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:103 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 44.00%
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3-Chloropivaloyl Chloride Manufacturing Business Plan

The hazardous yellow or orange liquid 3-chloropivaloyl chloride has a horrible odour. In addition to being utilised as an intermediate in chemical synthesis, it has been used in research applications for DNA modification. When inhaled or absorbed through the skin, 3-chloropivaloyl chloride is flammable, moisture and oxygen sensitive, and dangerous. It is water insoluble, but alcohols, ethers, chloroform, and carbon tetrachloride quickly dissolve it. It interacts violently with oxidising substances including potassium permanganate, nitric acid, and peroxides. It should be kept away from heat and flames, and should only be handled while wearing protective clothing. 3-Chloropivaloyl chloride is used as an intermediate in the organic synthesis of medicines and agrochemicals. Antibiotic properties can be found in the chemical. It can be used to make furfural, picolinic acid, methanol chlorohydroxide, alpha acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), 3-chloro acetic acid, and paratoluenesulfonic acid. It's also a precursor to pesticides such as aldrin, dieldrin, endosulfan, and lindane. It's also utilised in the manufacture of perfumes like rose oxide and civetone. It is also utilised in the production of pesticides such as fenitrothion. The chemical is used in the production of dyes, paints, and rubber compounds. It's also used to extract gold from ores using the cyanidation process. It can also be used as an epoxidation catalyst. Amine hydrochlorides are created by mixing ammonia with hydrogen chloride and neutralising with sodium or calcium hydroxide. Amino hydrochlorides are commonly used to make herbicides like butachlor and dimethylamine hydrochlorides, which act as plant growth regulators. To use all of the phosgene, this reaction is normally carried out using a significant amount of acetyl chloride. 3-Chloropivaloyl Chloride is a synthetic organic chemical that is employed as an intermediate in the manufacturing of a wide range of downstream goods, including photographic developers, agrochemicals, and rubber compounds. Acid chlorides are used as especially reactive intermediates to generate carboxylic acid derivatives such as anhydrides, esters, and amides due to the two strong electron withdrawing chlorine and oxygen on the carbonyl molecule, as well as the positive charge carbon. By replacing an organic group for the halides, acid chlorides can be employed with Gilman reagents to generate giant molecules from small ones. 3-Chloropivaloyl Chloride, a multi-methylated acetyl chlorine with an additional chloride at the terminal carbon, is used to make photographic developers, herbicides, insecticides, and rubber additives. It is used as a chain reaction initiator in vinyl chloride-propylene copolymers. India's demand for acid chlorides is predicted to grow at a CAGR of more than 8% between 2020 and 2024. The Indian market is expected to grow substantially throughout the forecast period due to rapidly increasing population and urbanisation. Over the forecast period, rising demand for acid chlorides is expected to be driven by increased exports of organic and inorganic chemicals, increased production of dyes and dye intermediates such as reactive acid and direct dyes, and rising demand for polymer from various end-use sectors such as automotive, construction, and healthcare. The pharmaceutical industry has been growing at a healthy rate in recent years, and this trend is expected to continue, particularly in emerging markets. As the population of emerging countries expands, the agriculture industry is likewise under pressure to improve crop production. Overall market dynamics favour chloropivaloyl chloride growth, which is expected to drive up chloride demand in the future years. Asia is the most important area in the worldwide Chloropivaloyl chloride market since bulk manufacturers and procurers are located in China. Increasing demand will come from increased manufacturing output, which is also pushing industrial production and the chemical industry. In terms of demand, Europe is expected to lag behind Asia. Due to strict safety rules in the production and use of pivaloyl chloride, which is deemed poisonous, and replacement by substitutes, Europe and North America will witness muted to moderate growth following Asia. Industry Major Market Players • Dafeng Chemical • Fude Chemical • Minji Chemical
Plant capacity: 3-Chloropivaloyl Chloride: 4 MT Per Day Hydrochoric Acid (30%) - by product:3 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 252 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:686 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 62.00%
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How to Setup Plastic Waste Recycling Plant

A Plastic Waste Recycling Plant (sometimes called a Plastic Recovery Facility) is an industrial facility that recycles and reuses plastic waste. Some companies are even capable of recycling some types of plastic into new resin pellets. If you're looking to start a business, there's never been a better time to get involved in plastic recycling in some way. More details on how to do so can be found further down. A plastic waste recycling plant, also known as a plastic crusher plant, is a machine that uses a shredding and classifying process to recycle waste plastic into secondary products. Plastic waste recycling machines are classified as single-screw extruders or double-screw extruders based on the screw design. Plastic has remarkable properties, and its use has become ubiquitous in modern life. These benefits, however, come at a price: poorly managed plastic trash, which results in massive plastic pollution. As a result, plastic can be found in all kinds of places, from nearby neighbourhoods to remote locales. With plastic production on the rise and predicted to double in the next 20 years, efforts to prevent plastic pollution are more crucial than ever. Plastic may be recycled, and discarded plastic can be used into new products. Although not all types of plastic may be recycled, a considerable portion of them can, which helps to protect the environment. Reclaiming scrap plastics and reprocessing them to make new materials that may or may not be identical to their original state is known as plastic recycling. Plastic recycling is the process of salvaging scrap plastic and turning it into usable things. Waste management includes collection, sorting, grading, classification, cleaning, baling, trading, storage, and eventually shipment to final recycling. Fossil Fuel-based Plastics There are two main categories of fossil fuel-based plastics, also known as conventional plastics: Thermoplasts and Thermosets are two types of thermoplasts. • Thermoplasts are thermoplastic polymers that soften when heated and harden when cooled, allowing them to be remoulded and recycled without losing their physical properties. Such polymers include polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) (PVC). The majority of everyday consumer plastics are thermoplastics. • Thermosets are one-time-moulded plastics that cannot be re-softened or re-moulded. Thermosetting plastics include phenolic resins, amino resins, polyester resins, and polyurethanes. Thermosets are ideal for high-heat applications like electronics and appliances. The most extensively used polymers are polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and polystyrene, which account for 69 percent of all plastics (PS). Benefits of Recycling Plastics Plastic recycling has a number of benefits, including energy savings and lower greenhouse gas emissions. It also contributes to the conservation of nonrenewable resources such as oil and gas. Furthermore, whether through legal or informal economic activity, recycling provides a source of income for millions of people and families in disadvantaged countries. Despite the fact that plastics consumption is fast increasing in developing nations, particularly due to increased demand for plastics from Asia, developing country plastic consumption per capita is significantly lower than in developed countries. Recycling, on the other hand, has a far greater use in developing countries for a variety of reasons: Types of Plastics, Common Uses & Properties Nowadays, plastic waste is made up of a range of polymers, each with its own set of physical and chemical properties. Everything is dependent on the application! The most common plastics are high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), polypropylene (PP), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Each sort of manufacturing has its own set of applications. Milk jugs and detergent bottles are made of HDPE, PP is used in packaging, LDPE is used to make shopping bags, and PVC pipes are utilised to transport water from one place to another. Plastics are non-biodegradable, which means they will never degrade into harmless components like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, or oxygen. India dominates the market in the area, because to its enormous population and high GDP. However, increasingly global-minded governments are fueling the region's overall growth by enacting policies that encourage foreign direct investment and facilitate closer integration with the global economy, boosting investment in petrochemicals, polymer production, and downstream plastic processing. Growth in the region is spurred not only by regulatory relaxations, but also by the growing urbanisation of a large, youthful population, which leads to greater consumer expenditure on plastic-related items such packaged products, mobile phones, and automobiles. While many of these commodities are still imported, considerable investments in plastics processing facilities are being made to support manufacturing investments, which is driving increasing polymer demand. Packaging, extrusions, blow mouldings, and industrial mouldings for automobiles, telecommunications, and white goods have all become increasingly important as the sector has evolved. Some of the user segments include electrical appliances, household goods, leatherite, decorative laminates, fixtures and fittings, construction industry (extrusions), automobile components, machinery and equipment, water tanks, pipes and fittings, drink bottles, medical appliances, and weather protection. New opportunities are also being created as food processing, transportation, entertainment electronics, and appliances become more sophisticated. Apart from these, industry has contributed significantly to rural electricity, telecommunications, horticulture, and healthcare, as well as a noteworthy shift in living styles and standards. Deregulation initiatives in the 1990s encouraged the industry's fast rise. Despite increased global competition brought on by lower customs rates, India's sector has risen at a rate of over 11% per year, compared to global growth of 3 to 4%. Growth has slowed to a more secular pattern in recent years. Between 2002 and 2007, output increased at a 5.5 percent annual rate, whereas consumption increased at a 5.6 percent annual rate. In 2007-08, the industry saw a slight decrease in output. Polymer manufacturing began in India in 1945. It took 45 years to reach one million tonnes of usage. During the next decade, consumption more than tripled, reaching 3 million tonnes per year. The current consumption demand is expected to be about 6 million tonnes, including exports. Industry Major Market Players • Agilyx Corporation • BASF SE • Braskem • British Petroleum • B&B Plastics • Licella Holdings • OMV Reoil • Polycycle Private Limited • Recycling Technologies • Sapporo Plastic Recycle kk • Jayplas • Veolia
Plant capacity: Recycled PP Granules:1,250 Kgs/day Recycled LDPE Granules:1,250 Kgs/day Recycled HDPE Granules:1,250 Kgs/day Recycled Derlin Granules:1,250 Kgs/dayPlant & machinery: 132 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:401 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Start Lovastatin Production business(from Dextrose, Peptone Powder, Sugar & Soyabean)

Lovastatin is a medicine that helps to prevent strokes and heart attacks by lowering harmful cholesterol and lipids. Lovastatin is a statin medicine that reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke by lowering bad cholesterol and fats like LDL and triglycerides while retaining good cholesterol in the blood. Lovastatin is a methoxylated carbobicyclic framework fatty acid ester of mevastatin. It's an anticholesteremic medication found in fungus species including Aspergillus terreus and Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster mushroom). Lovastatin is an anti-hypercholesterolemic medication that decreases blood cholesterol levels. Lovastatin inhibits the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, which lowers cholesterol synthesis. As a secondary metabolite, lovastatin is produced commercially by several filamentous fungi, notably Aspergillus terreus. Chemical synthesis is more expensive than fermentation-based lovastatin manufacturing. Lovastatin has recently been identified as a possible therapeutic drug for a number of tumours, as well as for influencing the inflammatory and immunological response, coagulation, bone turnover, neovascularization, vascular tone, and arterial pressure. In people who have or are at risk of developing heart disease, lovastatin is taken in conjunction with diet, weight loss, and exercise to lower the risk of heart attack and stroke, as well as the necessity for heart surgery. Lovastatin is also used to lower blood levels of cholesterol (a fat-like molecule) and other fatty compounds. HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, such as lovastatin, are a class of drug that prevents HMG CoA reductase from working (statins). It works by reducing the amount of cholesterol that can build up on the walls of arteries and obstruct blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs by decreasing cholesterol production in the body. Biomedical Applications of Lovastatin Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a type of heart disease that affects the arteries that provide blood to the heart (CHD) Because of their well-known efficacy and safety profile, statins are the drug of choice for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, and they can also have antiatherosclerotic effects in addition to their hypolipidemic activity. Inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase has pleiotropic effects because lovastatin metabolism produces a range of isoprenoids that are important for a variety of cellular processes, from cholesterol production to cell proliferation and differentiation regulation. Actions to Lower Cholesterol Statins function by blocking an enzyme involved in cholesterol synthesis, which occurs primarily in the liver. In the presence of the enzyme HMG CoA reductase, 3-hydroxy-3-methyglutaryl coenzyme A is converted to mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol. Lovastatin is a hydrophobic ring structure covalently bonded to a substrate analogue that inhibits cholesterol synthesis by binding to the reductase enzyme. Statins operate by preventing cholesterol synthesis from reaching its rate-limiting stage. Alzheimer's disease medications (AD) In patients with hypercholesterolemia, lovastatin has been shown to lessen the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Many of the recognised risk factors for Alzheimer's disease have been linked to cholesterol metabolism. Higher doses of lovastatin, a cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitor that prevents the creation of mevalonate, appear to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Renal disease is treated with lovastatin. Patients with increasing renal illness have profited from the significant breakthroughs. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors may protect against glomerulonephritis, a kidney condition marked by inflammation and/or increased epithelial cell proliferation. Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs on a Global Scale The market is expected to rise between 2021 and 2026, owing to the growing geriatric population. The rise of the cholesterol-lowering medicine market is predicted to be fueled by the introduction of new pharmaceutical classes, changes in lifestyles, a lack of exercise, and an increase in saturated and trans-fat intake. Furthermore, increased smoking and alcohol consumption increases the risk of high cholesterol, which propels market expansion. Between 2015 and 2020, the global Lovastatin market grew at a moderate rate. Between 2021 and 2026, the market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 3.5 percent. Cancer and Lovastatin Inhibition of Ras farnesylation by lovastatin is linked to decreased proliferation and migration in primary cultures of human glioblastoma cells. As a result, lovastatin stopped cancer cells from multiplying. Lovastatin is a medication that is used to treat bone fragments. One of the most recent trends is the usage of lovastatin to treat bone fractures. Lovastatin improves bone production in vitro and in vivo, as well as biomechanical strength of murine long bones with healing fractures, whether administered in large doses or via extended infusions. Due to rising demand for statin drugs, the worldwide Cholesterol Lowering Medications Market is estimated to rise during the forecast period. Based on medicine class, the cholesterol-lowering pharmaceuticals sector is classified into statins and combinations, as well as others. Because of its improved effectiveness and lower costs, this pharmaceutical class is likely to dominate during the projection period. A major portion of the market is expected to come from the Asia Pacific region. This is due to a growth in healthcare knowledge, research, and government activities in the healthcare industry, all of which are contributing to the creation of jobs in the region. Industry Major Market Players • AstraZeneca • Pfizer Inc. • Novartis AG • AbbVie Inc. • Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd. • Sanofi • Merck & Co. • Amgen Inc. • Dr. Reddy’s • Abbott Laboratories, • GlaxoSmithKline, • Novartis
Plant capacity: 240 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 12 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 27 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Start Quartz Slabs Manufacturing Business

Because quartz is one of the most abundant and hardest minerals on the planet, it's "hardly" surprising that manufacturers recognised its great potential as a surface material more than 50 years ago. Since then, quartz countertops have grown in popularity as homeowners have discovered what the early quartz pioneers already knew: when the natural mineral quartz is improved via man's ingenuity, quartz worktops can compete with other natural stone counters in every way. Engineered quartz (not to be confused with Quartzite, a popular natural stone for countertops) is a man-made product made mostly of natural materials. It is made out of nonporous, durable slabs made up of 90 to 94 percent powdered quartz and 6 to 10% resins and colours. Quartz's natural resilience to abrasion, scratches, dents, and even acids eliminates the need for sealants, even in its manufactured form. Quartz is a plentiful resource, and the finished product is nontoxic and nonallergenic, as well as lasting a lifetime, obviating the need for replacement. Quartz countertops became popular in Italy almost immediately, and they have remained so in European kitchens for decades. In the United States, the trend took longer to catch on, which could be explained in a number of ways: Trends and fashions from other countries can take a long time to reach the United States, or American homeowners may have been content with their current options at the time (laminate was the most popular surface in the 1960s and 1970s) and were hesitant to embrace a material that looked so similar to widely available natural stone options like granite, marble, and limestone. (Any of these three natural stones can be made to seem like quartz countertops.) • One of the most durable materials known to man is quartz. Quartz countertops outlast granite and are more versatile. • Quartz is extremely durable because to its natural strength, which makes dealing with them during the construction and installation process much easier. • Quartz surfacing is non-porous and does not require sealing; nevertheless, don't confuse "durable" with "indestructible"—there is no such thing as an indestructible substance. A non-porous material is helpful because it prevents bacteria and other germs from forming in nooks and crannies. • Quartz countertops are stain-resistant, so a glass of wine dropped on them can be cleaned with a damp towel (not that you'll be spilling any wine, right?). • Quartz comes in a variety of colours. What you see in the showroom or on a sample in your home may be what you get. Electrical equipment such as quartz clocks and radios use piezoelectric quartz crystal structures as oscillators. Lightning strikes in sand form Lechatelierite, an amorphous (glass) SiO2 that varies from impure window glass. Quartz is exceptionally resistant to mechanical and chemical deterioration. At surface temperatures and pressures, ordinary quartz is the most stable kind of silicon dioxide. It is the most frequent mineral on mountaintops and the main component of beach, river, and desert sand due to its toughness. India produces 2.5 percent of the world's quartz slabs and has gained international recognition for its slabs. In 2010-11, the industry (organised sector) employed 16 organised and about 200 SSI units, resulting in a total output of 391 million square metres, up 15% from 2009-10. The industry had a 17 percent increase in production in the first half of 2011-12 compared to the same period the previous year. India is on the verge of tremendous urbanisation in the coming decades. By 2050, India's urban population is expected to be approximately 81 crore, with over one crore people moving to cities. The socioeconomic diversity of India's population is reflected in the country's housing. Due to demographic changes, higher income, an increase in the share of nuclear families, and urbanisation, the housing sector in the country has grown rapidly in the last decade. During the recent decade, quartz surfacing, particularly for countertops, has grown in popularity. Customers seeking a long-lasting and consistent aesthetic can turn to quartz surfacing products as an alternative to natural stone or other surfacing materials. As a result of its increased popularity, quartz surfacing producers are expanding their offers, giving solutions for both clients and the design community. With a 4.9 percent annual growth rate from 2018 to 2025, the worldwide kitchen countertop quartz market is predicted to reach US$ 135.47 billion by the end of 2025, up from US$ 92.93 billion in 2017. The residential sector is anticipated to be worth over US$ 40,900 million in 2026. From 2017 to 2026, this amounts to a 4.6 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR). The residential category is expected to lose market share by the end of 2026. Residential was anticipated to account for more than a quarter of the revenue share of the end use industries category by 2017. Industry Major Market Players • AGC Inc. • Baba Quartz • BITTO • Caesarstone • Cimstone • Compac • Cosentino • CXUN • Dupont • Fletcher Building • Gelandi • Hanwha • Jiangsu Pacific Quartz Co. Ltd • LG • LOTTE • NIHON DEMPA KOGYO CO., LTD. • Polystone • Quantra • Sibelco • Sinostone • The Quartz Corporation • Wanfeng
Plant capacity: 250 Nos. per dayPlant & machinery: 16 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 32 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Business Plan for Setting up Automated Vehicle Scrapping and Recycling Unit

The deconstruction of automobiles for spare parts is known as vehicle recycling. Vehicles have value as a source of replacement components as they reach the end of their useful lives, which has given rise to the car dismantling industry. Commercial outlets in the business are often referred to as "wrecking yards," "auto dismantling yards," "vehicle replacement parts providers," and, more recently, "auto or vehicle recycling." Vehicle recycling has been a part of the process for a long time, but manufacturers have been more active in recent years. Before transferring a discarded car to a steel mill, a crusher is typically used to reduce its size. End-of-life automobiles are scrapped in a hazardous manner in India's vehicle scrap recycling business, and scrap metals, as well as various recovered and reconditioned pieces, are sold. There are now no standards in place to regulate these marketplaces or account for the scrap collected, necessitating a government strategy that recognises scrap generation from auto recycling as a long-term, environmentally benign sector. It is only necessary to mention the National Green Tribunal's (NGT) current attempts to press for the ban of outdated diesel and gasoline vehicles when addressing government policy for ELVs. In November 2014, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in Delhi imposed a ban on all automobiles older than 15 years. Kerala, Bihar, and, most recently, Chhattisgarh have all rendered driving petrol and diesel vehicles older than ten years illegal. While a statewide ban on polluting automobiles is being challenged, a hearing has been set for July 11th, showing that the government's efforts in this area are moving forward. Automobile recycling, as a result, is critical. It's also critical to handle them correctly to avoid releasing dangerous waste into the environment. Professionals who are knowledgeable with hazardous compounds such as fuel, coolants, and brake fluids must dispose of such cars. Steel is an important material in vehicle construction because it makes up the majority of the components, including the structure. Because iron ores are needed for steel manufacture, recycling autos helps to keep iron ores in the ground. All trash generated as a by-product of steel processing is also avoided, ensuring that air pollution is kept to a minimum. Landfill garbage is also becoming more of a problem. It is possible to limit the amount of waste present and ensure that fewer harmful chemicals leach into groundwater and permanently damage the soil by using recycling vehicles. Another thing to consider is how proper car recycling can aid in the preservation of local flora and animals. Steel mining is harmful to the environment because it causes soil erosion and degradation. As a result, animals are unable to maintain their usual routines and may develop ill as a result. Land erosion causes debris to flow into bodies of water, affecting water quality and the proliferation of species. In India, what is the scope of vehicle recycling? India, being the world's third-largest steel producer, offers enormous potential for vehicle recycling. Because it is mostly unorganised, auto recycling in India can provide a variety of benefits to the country, ranging from a boost to the automotive sector to fuel savings and job creation. The recycling business is placing a significant wager on the government's efforts. It is expected to produce business of USD 2.9 billion (roughly INR 190 billion) at first, based on 25% (7 million vehicles) of all automobiles that might be thrown. In the future years, these figures are likely to rise. Market Predictions: In 2020, the worldwide car recycling market is expected to be worth $20.6 billion. Between 2021 and 2026, the market is estimated to increase at a CAGR of 5.1 percent. The process of dismantling automobiles in order to recover and recycle spare parts, fuel, and scrap metals is known as vehicle recycling. Magnetic parts, sheet metals, seats, wheels, and other components are recovered through disassembling, crushing, shredding, and material recovery techniques. Non-ferrous metals are separated from other materials using laser, infrared, eddy current, and flotation separation methods, which are subsequently transported for re-smelting. The fluids are drained and saved for subsequent use, while the reusable parts are cleaned, tested, and refurbished for resale. One of the primary factors driving the market's progress is the rise of industrialization and urbanisation around the world. Another element driving growth is the growing use of metal scrap, particularly steel, in the manufacturing of more inexpensive, lightweight, and fuel-efficient vehicles. Market growth is further aided by increased consumer awareness of the environmental benefits of recycling materials and reduced reliance on natural resources. Automotive recyclers employ advanced technologies and processes to remove polymers, fluids, and natural components from used vehicles with little environmental impact. They recognise small metal particles in scrap using a variety of new technology, such as optical sensors. In the coming years, the market is expected to be driven by the use of recycled batteries in consumer electronics manufacturing, as well as the implementation of government policies to reduce environmental risks associated with the disposal of batteries, rubber, lubricants, and other materials.
Plant capacity: Spare Parts:188 Units/Day Waste Oil:225 Units/Day Waste Tyre:1,125 Units/Day Engines:25 Units/Day Steel Scrap :30,000 Units/Day Rubber Scrap:100 Units/Day Alloy Wheel:125 Units/Day Battery:750 Units/DayPlant & machinery: 3 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:25 Cr
Return: 30.00%Break even: 40.00%
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How to Start Surgical Cotton Manufacturing Business

In certain circumstances, surgical cotton is referred to as "cotton wool" or "absorbent cotton." Cotton that has been cleansed, de-oiled, and bleached is packed in various sizes as surgical/absorbent cotton. Because surgical/absorbent cotton comes into close touch with the human body, it must be of the highest quality and adhere to all pharmaceutical laws. As a raw material, virgin cotton or waste cotton can be used. When it comes to waste cotton, comber waste cotton is preferred. Surgical/absorbent cotton fibres are highly elastic. It is made up of 98 percent cellulose and has a diameter of 16.30 mm and a length of 12-40 mm. "Surgical Cotton" or "Cotton Wool" is made from carded cotton fibres. To produce a stunning white colour, it is softened and bleached. It's conceivable that the absorbent cotton has been sterilised and is a shade of white. The material should be of consistent quality and offer adequate resistance when pulled. The average length of a staple in absorbent cotton is 1.5 cm. The moniker "absorbent cotton" comes from how quickly it absorbs water. It should be soft to provide the best protection against wound irritation. Surgical cotton is widely used for medical purposes in hospitals, clinics, health centres, and pharmacies. It's also utilised in beauty salons, businesses, and homes for a multitude of functions. Cotton that is surgical or absorbent is used for sanitary purposes, surgical procedures, and everyday use. It is most commonly required by women during their monthly menstrual period. It's utilised for more than just dressing; it's also used to cushion clothing, comforters, and other objects. Medical absorbent cotton, also known as surgical absorbent cotton or cotton wool, is a type of absorbent cotton used in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, dispensaries, and even at home (for first-aid purposes). Before being hermetically packed in various sizes, medical absorbent cotton has been washed, de-oiled, and bleached. Because medical absorbent cotton comes into direct touch with the human body, it must meet stringent quality requirements. In addition to washing, padding, and packing, medical absorbent cotton is used to make typical sanitary napkins or pads, as well as a variety of medical reasons and uses. It's also utilised in pharmacies, barbershops, beauty salons, businesses, and households for a multitude of functions. Nearly all absorbent cotton demand is currently met by imports. The need for absorbent cotton is inextricably related to the country's health-care development and expansion. To boost coverage, the federal and state governments have prioritised the expansion of health facilities. Demand for absorbent cotton is expected to increase by 10% per year as a result of population growth and increased attention from the federal and regional governments. Population growth, as well as the expansion of public health and related healthcare services, are all factors that influence medical absorbent cotton demand. Medical absorbent cotton is in high demand in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and other facilities, and demand is consistent throughout the year. A growth in the prevalence of chronic diseases, procedures, and therapies, as well as wound dressings and other wound care products. The global market for medial absorbent cotton is expected to expand in the future. North America leads the global medical absorbent cotton market in terms of revenue, followed by Europe and Asia Pacific. The global medical absorbent cotton market is predicted to be driven by growth in the healthcare sector, which will be accompanied by an increase in the number of hospitals and clinics, as well as geographic expansion by companies in the pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and sanitary goods industries. Industry Major Market Players • Anhui Ankang Health Materials • Boen Healthcare • Forlong Medical • Hunan Fuerkang Medical Materials • Secured Medical Direction UK • Livingstone
Plant capacity: 1000 Kgs. per dayPlant & machinery: 358 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 568 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Project Profile on Sodium Hypochlorite Manufacturing

Sodium hypochlorite is the active ingredient in chlorine bleach, a potent oxidant and bleaching agent (NaClO). Population growth is to blame for the majority of the increase in home bleach use. Water treatment is the most prevalent and fastest-growing application for bleach, owing to population development and accompanying increases in water consumption, as well as limited fresh water resources. The production of sodium hypochlorite chemicals is a well-established commercial technique, and the same approach is employed in chlor-alkali facilities to reduce chlorine emissions. Bleach (Sodium hypochlorite) is a chemical that can be found in nature and is used to whiten garments. The oxidation process, which requires the introduction of oxygen molecules into a chemical, is how bleach works. When bleach is introduced, a stain is merely a chemical composition that breaks down into smaller bits, allowing it to detach from the fabric. Chemic, or sodium hypo chlorite, was first used to bleach linen in the textile industry. When cotton became popular, it was bleached with hypochlorite as well. Hypochlorite is still used for certain bleaching in the United States, but it is more commonly utilised in Europe. In a continuous operation at 40–50°C for 0.25–0.5 h, approximately 2.5–5 gm/lit of accessible chlorine is used. The hypochlorite treatment is followed by an antichlor treatment (Sodium Bisulfite, Sulfur dioxide, or hydrogen peroxide) to prevent colour reversal (formation of chloramines). Bleaching with hypochlorite results in a brighter white, but it demands much more careful supervision. Liquid bleach, often known as soda bleach liquor in the paper and textile industries, is the most widely used of all chlorinated bleaches. Around 150 tonnes of available chlorine as liquid bleach is used for home and laundry beaching every day in the United States. Other applications include chemical processing (e.g., chlorhydrination), textile bleaching, water treatment, and general disinfection. The chlorine level of commercial liquid bleach is typically 12 to 15% accessible chlorine. Carboys, rubber-lined drums, and crucks are also available. Liquid bleach solution with 3 to 514 percent accessible chlorine packed in brown or amber glass bottles for use in the home, laundry, and sanitising accounts for the majority of the domestic bleach trade. In recent years, the 5 or 514 percent product has gained popularity. As a result of expanding urbanisation and industrialization, particularly in emerging nations such as China and India, demand for sodium hypochlorite in the wastewater chemical treatment industry has expanded drastically, contributing significantly to the sodium hypochlorite market expansion. In the coming years, exponentially expanding bleach demand from the textile and pulp and paper industries is predicted to boost the sodium hypochlorite market. During this time, the sodium hypochlorite market is expected to expand due to increased demand for the chemical in the medical industry for sanitising surgical tools and hospital facilities. Because of its application in wastewater treatment, household cleaning products, textiles, and the chemical sector, the market for sodium hypochlorite is estimated to reach USD 205 million in 2020, with a CAGR of roughly 5.5 percent between 2022 and 2027. The market is expected to grow as sodium hypochlorite becomes more popular as a bleach and disinfectant in water treatment and household hygiene products. Sodium hypochlorite has been commonly used in textile finishing for over two centuries. Preshrinking wool with sodium hypochlorite is currently a common practise in the textile industry. In former applications such as cotton whitening, stonewashing jeans, and coloured textile decolorization, other chemicals have mostly replaced sodium hypochlorite. The bleaching effluent, on the other hand, is subjected to a sulphite-based dichlorination process after use, resulting in a final discharge free of oxidative chlorine. Due to increased demand for the product from the water treatment chemical sector, the market is growing. Because it has the potential to kill illnesses such as bacteria and fungi, chlorine is a key component of disinfectants. This product's applications include water and sewage purification and treatment, swimming pools, households, hospitals, schools, drinking water, and surgical equipment. Furthermore, adequate and ongoing disinfection of public bathrooms, office spaces, outdoor areas, public complexes, and malls has resulted in a substantial demand for this product as a result of higher hygiene standards among customers. Industry Major Market Players • Advance Chemicals • The Clorox Company • Hawkins • ICL • Kemira • Occidental Petroleum Corporation • Odyssey Manufacturing • Olin Corporation • PCC Group • Vynova Group
Plant capacity: 4500 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 55 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 214 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Ethyl Acetate Production Business

The molecule ethyl acetate (also known as EtOAc or EA) is a colourless organic ester with the formula C4H8O2 (usually written as EtOAc or EA). It is frequently used as a cleaning, paint removal, and coatings solvent since it is significantly miscible with all common organic solvents (alcohols, ketones, glycols, esters). Alcoholic beverages, cereal crops, radishes, fruit juices, beer, wine, and spirits all contain ethyl acetate. It has a fruity flavour and is found in glues, nail paint removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes. This chemical is widely utilised and manufactured on a huge scale all over the world due to its pleasant fragrance and low cost. The chemical industry, for example, uses ethyl acetate and other solvents in a variety of industrial operations. Solvent demand is always on the rise due to its vast range of applications. The importance of so-called "green chemistry" (non-toxic chemicals for the environment and living beings) is becoming more apparent as rules on dangerous pollutant emissions from manufacturing processes become more stringent. As a result, common solvents must have a lower impact on human health and the environment. Ethyl acetate has a low toxicity level and is also biodegradable. The market demand for this "green chemistry" product has soared as a result of these benefits. Sustainable development and solid engineering practise are driven by decreased energy and utility consumption, as well as lower waste output and a closed-cycle economy. It's an important ingredient in antibiotic concentration and purification extractants, as well as an intermediary in the production of many medications and an excellent industrial solvent. Adhesives, cleaning fluids, nail polish removers, silk coated papers, explosives, synthetic leather, photographic films, and plates all include this solvent. Other uses for ethyl acetate include synthetic fruit essences, flavours, and scents. It can be used as a reference material for chromatography and analytical reagents, as well as a solvent. Because of its inexpensive cost, low toxicity, and pleasant odour, ethyl acetate is extensively employed as a solvent and diluent. It's commonly used to clean circuit boards and in a range of nail polish removers, for example (acetone and acetonitrile are also used). This solvent is used to decaffeinate coffee beans and tea leaves. It's also employed as an activator or hardener in paints. Confectionery, perfumes, and fruits all contain ethyl acetate. It evaporates swiftly in scents, leaving only the perfume's scent on the skin. Ethyl acetate is used to make epoxies, urethanes, cellulosics, acrylics, and vinyls, to name a few. Nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate lacquers, varnishes and shellacs for wood furniture and fittings, auto refinishing, ceramic ornamentation, and architectural coatings for interiors and exteriors, to name a few applications, all use these coatings. It's used in adhesives, spread-coating chemicals for imitation leather, and cleaning goods (paint solvents or thinners). In catalysed lacquers, ethyl acetate can be employed to dissolve the isocyanate component. The molecule ethyl acetate (also known as EtOAc or EA) is a colourless organic ester with the formula C4H8O2 (usually written as EtOAc or EA). It is frequently used as a cleaning, paint removal, and coatings solvent since it is significantly miscible with all common organic solvents (alcohols, ketones, glycols, esters). Alcoholic beverages, cereal crops, radishes, fruit juices, beer, wine, and spirits all contain ethyl acetate. It has a fruity flavour and is found in glues, nail paint removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes. This chemical is widely utilised and manufactured on a huge scale all over the world due to its pleasant fragrance and low cost. The chemical industry, for example, uses ethyl acetate and other solvents in a variety of industrial operations. Solvent demand is always on the rise due to its vast range of applications. The importance of so-called "green chemistry" (non-toxic chemicals for the environment and living beings) is becoming more apparent as rules on dangerous pollutant emissions from manufacturing processes become more stringent. As a result, common solvents must have a lower impact on human health and the environment. Ethyl acetate has a low toxicity level and is also biodegradable. The market demand for this "green chemistry" product has soared as a result of these benefits. Sustainable development and solid engineering practise are driven by decreased energy and utility consumption, as well as lower waste output and a closed-cycle economy. It's an important ingredient in antibiotic concentration and purification extractants, as well as an intermediary in the production of many medications and an excellent industrial solvent. Adhesives, cleaning fluids, nail polish removers, silk coated papers, explosives, synthetic leather, photographic films, and plates all include this solvent. Other uses for ethyl acetate include synthetic fruit essences, flavours, and scents. It can be used as a reference material for chromatography and analytical reagents, as well as a solvent. Because of its inexpensive cost, low toxicity, and pleasant odour, ethyl acetate is extensively employed as a solvent and diluent. Nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate lacquers, varnishes and shellacs for wood furniture and fittings, auto refinishing, ceramic ornamentation, and architectural coatings for interiors and exteriors, to name a few applications, all use these coatings. It's used in adhesives, spread-coating chemicals for imitation leather, and cleaning goods (paint solvents or thinners). In catalysed lacquers, ethyl acetate can be employed to dissolve the isocyanate component. It's commonly used to clean circuit boards and in a range of nail polish removers, for example (acetone and acetonitrile are also used). This solvent is used to decaffeinate coffee beans and tea leaves. It's also employed as an activator or hardener in paints. Confectionery, perfumes, and fruits all contain ethyl acetate. It evaporates swiftly in scents, leaving only the perfume's scent on the skin. Ethyl acetate is used to make epoxies, urethanes, cellulosics, acrylics, and vinyls, to name a few. Industry Major Market Players • INEOS (UK) • Celanese (US) • Eastman Chemical (US) • Jiangsu Sopo (China) • Jiangmen Handsome (China) • Wuxi Baichuan (China) • Jubilant (India) • GODAVARI BIOREFINERIES LTD. (India) • Sekab (Sweden) • Korea Alcohol (South Korea) • IOL Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals (India)
Plant capacity: 7200 MT Per Annum Plant & machinery: 11 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 17 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Start Production Business of Industrial Enzymes used in Textile, Poultry and Paper Pulp Industries

Enzymes are excellent catalysts because they are very selective and may be used in a number of situations. By combining the right enzymes with genetic engineering, enzyme companies have created proteins that can work in harsh process settings including those involving solvents, salts, and high temperatures. The global market for industrial enzymes is currently worth $1.8 billion per year and growing at a rate of more than 20% per year. Industrial enzymes are used in a variety of industries, such as pharmaceuticals, chemical manufacture, biofuels, food and beverage, and consumer goods. Thanks to recent advancements, biocatalysis employing isolated enzymes is currently considered more cost-effective than using complete cells. To extract biologically active enzymes, any living creature can be employed. Fungi account for more than half of the hundred enzymes utilised in industry, with bacteria, mammals (8 percent), and plants accounting for the rest (4 percent). The bio industrial industry in India, which is mostly made up of enzyme companies, contributes about 5% of the country's GDP and is valued at Rs. 3,950 million, with a 5.33 percent growth rate. Novozyme, India's market leader for industrial enzymes, is constructing a new R&D centre in Bengaluru. The United States, Canada, and China continue to supply India with 70% of its enzyme needs. Only Enzyme-Based Detergents At the moment, proteases and amylases are commonly used. Granulates with a dust-free inner core containing inorganic ions (e.g. NaCI) and sugars as a preservative, bound with reinforcing, carboxy methyl cellulose or similar protective colloid. This core is subsequently covered with inert waxy materials like paraffin oil or polyethylene glycol, as well as different hydrophilic binders, which are washed away. Enzymes' Function in the Dairy Industry Lactose is found at a concentration of 4.7 percent (w/v) in milk. Its presence in milk renders milk unsuitable for the vast majority of the world's adult population. Lactose has a limited solubility, which leads to crystal formation. Hydrolyzing lactose, which generates a product that is four times sweeter and considerably more soluble, can fix these problems. Lactase (ß-galactosidase) is a lactose hydrolyzer. Enzymes are used in the fruit juice, wine, brewing, and distilling industries. Because of the presence of pectins, cloudiness is a major issue in the preparation of fruit juices and wines. The majority of them are -1,4-anhydrogalacturonic acid polymers with varying degrees of methyl esterification. The Leather Industry and Enzymes One of the oldest applications of industrial enzymes is the processing of hides and skins for leather. Soaking, bating, and enzyme-assisted dehairing are presently the most common uses for protease and lipases. The enzyme demand is computed using India's growth rate, which is significantly larger than the output. Enzymes originating from fermentation sources account for about 80% of the whole market, according to a study. Bacterial alkaline proteinases were the most used enzyme in detergents. Microbial proteinases accounted for 40% of the whole market, whereas gylcosidases accounted for roughly 20%. Glucose isomerase was the most popular non-hydrolase product, accounting for 6% of the overall market. Detergents and starch make for around 30% of sales, with dairy processing accounting for the remaining 15%. The industrial enzyme market is fast growing since most enzymes are produced by microorganisms in submerged cultures employing biotechnology. Growing enzyme use in existing application areas, enzyme use in new industrial processes, strict enforcement of environmental rules, and cost savings were all major drivers of this sector's rise in India. Industrial enzymes had a market value of USD 4.61 billion in 2016, and it is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 5.8% from 2017 to 2022. Thanks to the country's booming food processing, tannery, and textile manufacturing industries, India's industrial enzymes market is predicted to approach US$ 361 million by 2020. Industrial enzymes are used in a variety of industries, including food and beverage, household care, animal feed, leather manufacturing, textile processing, pharmaceuticals, and others. Industry Major Market Players • Novozymes • BASF SE • DSM • DuPont Danisco • Associated British Foods plc • Adisseo • Novus International • Advanced Enzyme Technologies • Chr. Hansen Holding A/S • Enzyme Development Corporation • Lesaffre
Plant capacity: 300 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 633 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 959 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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