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Best Business Opportunities in Punjab- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Food and Agro Processing: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

Food processing involves any type of value addition to agricultural or horticultural produce and also includes processes such as grading, sorting and packaging which enhance shelf life of food products. The food processing industry provides vital linkages and synergies between industry and agriculture. The Food Processing Industry sector in India is one of the largest in terms of production, consumption, export and growth prospects. The government has accorded it a high priority, with a number of fiscal reliefs and incentives, to encourage commercialization and value addition to agricultural produce, for minimizing pre/post harvest wastage, generating employment and export growth. India's food processing sector covers a wide range of products fruit and vegetables; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, alcoholic beverages, fisheries, plantation, grain processing and other consumer product groups like confectionery, chocolates and cocoa products, Soya-based products, mineral water, high protein foods etc.

RESOURCES:

Punjab is a land of boundless opportunity for agro based industry. Punjab State with only 1.5 per cent geographical area of country produces 22 per cent of wheat; 12 per cent of rice and 12 per cent of cotton in the country. Priority is also being given to sugarcane, oil seeds, horticulture and forestry. The cropping intensity of the State is more than 186% and has earned it a name of food basket and granary of India. Despite rising commodity prices and the financial meltdown, the food processing industry in Punjab is bullish on growth and has lined up new launches. Fruits and vegetables which is grown in Punjab are orange, mango, grape, pear, peach, litchi, lemon, tomato, potato, cabbage, cauliflower, brinjal, and many more. National Productivity Council of India after a survey found that in Punjab availability of crop residue is of the order of 31.5 million tons. The major crop residues are rice straw, wheat straw and cotton stalk. In addition to that industrial residue/by product such as rice husk and bagasse is also available. Approximately 2 million tons of these two products are generated every year.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) is a ministry of the Government of India is responsible for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to food processing in India. The ministry was set up in the year 1988, with a view to develop a strong and vibrant food processing industry, to create increased employment in rural sector and enable farmers to reap the benefits of modern technology and to create a of surplus for exports and stimulating demand for processed food.

•        Custom duty rates have been substantially reduced on food processing plant and equipments, as well as on raw materials and intermediates, especially for export production.

•        Wide-ranging fiscal policy changes have been introduced progressively in food processing sector. Excise and Import duty rates have been reduced substantially. Many processed food items are totally exempt from excise duty.

•        Corporate taxes have been reduced and there is a shift towards market related interest rates. There are tax incentives for new manufacturing units for certain years, except for industries like beer, wine, aerated water using flavouring concentrates, confectionery, chocolates etc.

•        Indian currency, rupee, is now fully convertible on current account and convertibility on capital account with unified exchange rate mechanism is foreseen in coming years.

•        Repatriation of profits is freely permitted in many industries except for some, where there is an additional requirement of balancing the dividend payments through export earnings.

 

Automotives: Project Opportunities in Punjab

 

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the sixth largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units in 2010. As of 2010, India is home to 40 million passenger vehicles. More than 3.7 million automotive vehicles were produced in India in 2010 (an increase of 33.9%), making the country the second fastest growing automobile market in the world.

RESOURCES:

The auto-components industry of India is likely to grow rapidly, given its global competitiveness, and this has strong implications for employment and income generation in Punjab. Punjab has an automotive component industry which caters largely to the lower value replacement market. This is partly the result of no significant automotive producer having set up manufacturing base in the state since the economic reforms were launched in India in 1991. The state government must adopt an imaginative plan to attract modern automotive components manufacturers to set up capacity in the state, while at the same time seeking large scale investments in the automotive sector.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

·          The auto-components industry of India is likely to grow rapidly, given its global competitiveness, and this has strong implications for employment and income generation in Punjab. Punjab has an automotive component industry which caters largely to the lower value replacement market. This is partly the result of no significant automotive producer having set up manufacturing base in the state since the economic reforms were launched in India in 1991. The state government must adopt an imaginative plan to attract modern automotive components manufacturers to set up capacity in the state, while at the same time seeking large scale investments in the automotive sector.

 

Dairy: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

India is the world's highest milk producer and all set to become the world's largest food factory. Milk production alone involves more than 70 million producers, each raising one or two cows/ buffaloes primarily for milk production. The domesticated water buffalo is one of the gentlest of all farm animals; hence it can be breeded easily. The dairy sector offers a good opportunity to entrepreneurs in India.

RESOURCES:

The primary source of milk and other dairy products in Punjab is the buffalo. The state ranks at the top in the country in the availability of milk after Haryana and Gujarat. Punjab plans 100 dairies to promote dairy farming. In an effort to promote dairy farming in the state, the Government of Punjab is planning to open 100 commercial dairies to increase milk production, thus paving the way for White Revolution.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Liberalisation of the economy – dairy sector open for investment by private and foreign players

•        Abolition of the Quantitative

•        Restrictions on import of dairy products

•        Per capita consumption of milk products below international average – scope of increasing consumption

•        Amendment of the Milk and Milk Products Order (MMPO) – no restrictions on capacity installation and expansion

•        Amendment in Cold Storage Act (No licenses needed for establishing refrigerated and cold chain units for dairy products)

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Punjab

 

PROFILE

The Biotechnology sector in India is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Indian Economy. As the sector is mainly based on knowledge, it is expected that it will play an important part in shaping the Indian Economy, which is developing at a rapid pace. The Indian Biotechnology sector holds immense potential in terms of research and development, skill and cost effectiveness. As per the eight annual survey by the Association of Biotechnology-led enterprise (ABLE) and a monthly journal, Bio-Spectrum, the sector grew threefold in five years and reported a revenue of US$ 3 billion during 2009-2011 with a 17 per cent rise as compared to the previous year.

RESOURCES

Punjab's strong agricultural base presents an opportunity for leveraging it to develop the biotechnology industry in the state. The Government of Punjab has taken significant initiatives to promote biotechnology related R&D in the state.

 Two centres which form the nucleus of the biotech research in the region are the Institute for Microbial Technology (IMTECH) in Chandigarh which takes up research in microbial bio-processing and the Central same. In addition, it is also supporting the Scientific and Industrial organization (CSIO) which has been developing a number of biotech based diagnostic kits.

 The state is developing a biotechnology park in the suburbs of Chandigarh to nurture commercially viable leads through companies. Its facilities will include a biotech incubator for research and development, pilot testing and other validation facilities. The park aims to attract Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) to the cluster and contribute to overall R&D in the sector. The Punjab State Council for Science and Technology will act as the single window agency for setting up business in the biotech park.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The State Govt. notified its IT-BT Policy in 2003 as part of the Industrial Policy under which special incentives are being given to promote the growth of biotech industry such as:

•        Minimum floor rates of Sales Tax.

•        No restriction on movement of capital equipment. 

•        No octroi on biotech items. 

•        Availability of power at industrial (and not commercial) power tariff.

•        Exemption from Electricity Duty.

•        Uninterrupted power supply.

 

Pharmaceuticals: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILES:

The Pharmaceutical industry in India is the world's third-largest in terms of volume and stands 14th in terms of value. The Indian pharmaceuticals market is expected to reach US$ 55 billion in 2020 from US$ 12.6 billion in 2009. The pharmaceutical industry in India meets around 70% of the country's demand for bulk drugs, drug intermediates, pharmaceutical formulations, chemicals, tablets, capsules, orals and injectibles. There are about 250 large units and about 8000 Small Scale Units, which form the core of the pharmaceutical industry in India (including 5 Central Public Sector Units). These units produce the complete range of pharmaceutical formulations, i.e., medicines ready for consumption by patients and about 350 bulk drugs, i.e., chemicals having therapeutic value and used for production of pharmaceutical formulations.

 

RESOURCES:

Punjab has one of the largest Indian pharmaceutical companies domiciled in the state and has several other companies engaged in the business. There are several colleges for training skilled manpower required for the pharmaceutical industry. The state government must focus on enlarging the pharmaceutical and personal hygiene industrial product space in Punjab.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Industrial licensing for the manufacture of all drugs and pharmaceuticals has been abolished except for bulk drugs produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, bulk drugs requiring in-vivo use of nucleic acids, and specific cell/tissue targeted formulations.

•        Reservation of 5 drugs for manufacture by the public sector only was abolished in Feb. 1999, thus opening them up for manufacture by the private sector also.

•        Foreign investment through automatic route was raised from 51% to 74% in March, 2000 and the same has been raised to 100%.

•        Automatic approval for Foreign Technology Agreements is being given in the case of all bulk drugs, their intermediates and formulations except those produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, for which the procedure prescribed by the Government would be followed.

•        Drugs and pharmaceuticals manufacturing units in the public sector are being allowed to face competition including competition from imports. Wherever possible, these units are being privatized.

•        Extending the facility of weighted deductions of 150% of the expenditure on in-house research and development to cover as eligible expenditure, the expenditure on filing patents, obtaining regulatory approvals and clinical trials besides R&D in biotechnology.

•        Introduction of the Patents (Second Amendment) bill in the Parliament. It, inter-alia, provides for the extension in the life of a patent to 20 years.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILES:

India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. India textile industry largely depends upon the textile manufacturing and export. It also plays a major role in the economy of the country. India earns about 27% of its total foreign exchange through textile exports. Further, the textile industry of India also contributes nearly 14% of the total industrial production of the country. It also contributes around 3% to the GDP of the country. India textile industry is also the largest in the country in terms of employment generation. It not only generates jobs in its own industry, but also opens up scopes for the other ancillary sectors. India textile industry currently generates employment to more than 35 million people.

RESOURCES:

Punjab is a major grower of cotton and has a long established industry of cotton spinning and weaving. The Textile Industry is also one of the largest provider of employment and accounts of almost 60% of industrial employment in the State of Punjab. It has been noted that even with high level of mechanisation, the chances of machine replacing human are minimum in the sector due to essential skill requirement. The textiles industry of Punjab already has wool and acrylic fibre base.  To sustain the thrust on textiles, some balance with manmade and blended fibre products will have to be maintained to cater to an expanding market for manmade and blended textiles. It provides employment opportunity to semi literates and lower section of the society where the incident of unemployment is most glaring. Most importantly the Textile Sector is one of the biggest employment providing sectors to women. Hence any boost to Textile Industry will definitely provide and offer opportunity of large number of employment to the youths in the State of Punjab.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Punjab, the land of five rivers and yellow fields, is a favourite tourist destination. It has an integrated cultural history consisting of ancient monuments, religious places, museums and royal palaces like Quila Mubarak. It also has wild life sanctuaries with a rare site of migratory birds. The major places of tourist interest are:- Golden Temple, Durgiana Mandir, Jallianwala bagh in Amritsar; Takhat Sri Kesgarh Sahib and Khalsa Heritage Complex at Anandpur Sahib; Bhakra Dam, Qila Androon and Moti Bagh Palace at Patiala; Wetland at Harike Pattan Sanghol for archaeological importance and Sodal Temple at Jalandhar commemorative Maharishi Balmiki Heritage, etc.

        Tourism in the State is a source of substantial revenues; employment generation; up gradation of human skills; creation of infrastructure, thus helping in the development of all other sectors of an economy. Since tourism is a composite sector, its growth requires participation of private investors at different levels. For this purpose, the State Government has also announced a tourism policy with the aim of developing tourism as a major industry of Punjab, by providing leadership and strategic direction.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Punjab

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In Punjab, growth of population, industrialization and urbanization has resulted in generation of large volumes of solid waste. The total amount of collected solid waste from the districts includes 1108012.25 MT of municipal waste and 6695.57 MT of bio-medical waste (PPCB as cited in Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 2007). The factors contributing to the generation of solid waste are:

•      The state has registered 45% increase in its population during the last decades.

•      The state is the 7th most urbanized state in the country with urban population increasing to 33.95% against a national average of 27.8%.

•      The state has two (Ludhiana & Amritsar) cities with more than 1 million population.

•        The state supports a large number of floating populations from other states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.

•      Most of the solid waste is presently disposed of on land and remains uncovered resulting in environmental pollution of surrounding area.

•        The change in life style towards consumes and discard culture is responsible for adding to municipal solid waste and changing waste composition. It also adds pressure on the existing municipal solid waste handling infrastructure, as well as, disposal sites.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Set up a Manufacturing Plant of Transformer Oil from Base Oil. Opportunities in Petroleum Business.

Introduction: Transformer oil, also known as insulating oil, is a high-temperature stable oil with excellent electrical insulating properties. It's used in oil-filled transformers, high-voltage capacitors of various forms, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and high-voltage switches and circuit breakers. The oil analysis is the ultimate starting point for any transformer evaluation. It's an essential predictor of good health, much like blood tests in humans. Its functions include insulation, suppression of corona discharge and arcing, and cooling. Mineral oil is the most common base for transformer oil, but alternative formulations with improved engineering or environmental properties are gaining traction. Related Projects: - Transformer, Distribution Transformer, Electrical Transformer, Current Transformers, Voltage Stabilizers, Servo Controlled Stabilizer, UPS, Inverter, Power Inverters, Transformer Oil and Repair of Distribution, Power Transformer Transformer oils are extremely susceptible to contamination by water or other contaminants. Contamination of transformer oils by water, soil, or fibres results in a significant loss of electrical properties. Dust particles and textile fibres absorb moisture and orient themselves in an orientation or bridge to the associated high and low voltage sides, causing ‘arcing' and dielectric breakdown. When a transformer is in use, the oil is subjected to electrical and mechanical stresses. Chemical interactions with windings and other solid insulation, catalyzed by high operating temperatures, often cause contamination. Base Oil: Base oils are used to make lubricating greases, engine oil, and metal processing fluids, among other things. Different goods necessitate different oil compositions and properties. The viscosity of the liquid at different temperatures is one of the most significant factors. The concentration of base oil molecules, as well as how easily these can be removed, determine whether or not a crude oil is appropriate for making into a base oil. Related Books: - Petroleum, Greases, Petrochemicals, Lubricants The process of refining crude oil yields base oil. This refers to the heating of crude oil in order to distinguish different distillates from one another. Light and heavy hydrocarbons are separated during the heating process; the lighter ones can be processed to produce petrol and other fuels, while the heavier ones can be used to make bitumen and base oils. Uses of Transformer Oil: Insulating oil, also known as transformer oil, is an oil that stays stable at high temperatures. It's used in oil-filled transformers because of its high electrical insulating properties. It is a liquid insulation that is used in electrical power transformers to absorb heat produced by the transformers. Transformer oil serves a variety of purposes, the most important of which are high insulating and cooling properties. Transformer oil is a mineral-based oil with chemical properties and dielectric strength that is widely used in transformers. This oil serves as an insulator and a cooling agent in transformers. This high-temperature, high-resistance oil, also known as transformer oil or insulating oil, is used in many of the products that hold our modern world afloat. Transformer oil serves a variety of purposes, the most important of which is to protect transformers. Production Process: Dielectric Insulation or Transformer Oil Hydro finished base oils of group II + can be used to make oil and other oils for electrical machinery and installations. The base stocks are chosen based on the user's viscosity requirements. Pour point is also a crucial property for base oil selection in colder countries. Related Videos: - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Transformer oils are extremely susceptible to contamination by water or other contaminants. Contamination of transformer oils by water, soil, or fibres results in a significant loss of electrical properties. Dust particles and textile fibres absorb moisture and orient themselves in an orientation or bridge to the associated high and low voltage sides, causing ‘arcing' and dielectric breakdown. Though major breakdowns are uncommon and usually result in machine failure, small local arcs are common. It does not harm the system right away, but it does harm to the oil. Market Outlook: The global market for transformer oil is projected to rise at an annual rate of 8.3% until 2022, owing to increased demand from the power industry's transmission and distribution segment. The global transformer oil market was valued at USD 1.56 billion in 2016 and is projected to rise at an 11.5 percent annual rate between 2017 and 2025. Transformer oil products are in high demand due to the need to improve rural and urban infrastructure. Increased demand for electricity in developing and developed countries, as well as increased infrastructure spending for energy access, would drive the global transformer oil market. Because of the growing demand for new transformers, the growth of transformer oil manufacturers will be faster in emerging markets. Transformer oils are electrical insulating oils that are stable at high temperatures and serve two essential roles in a transformer: arc suppression and heat dissipation. Market Research: - Market Research Report Transformer oil's ability to perform these functions is primarily responsible for its acceptance, which drives market growth. One of the factors driving the transformer oil market's growth is its resistance to oxidation. Other important factors driving transformer oil market share include rural electrification, power grid expansion, and increased investment in the petrochemical industry. Transformer oil, also known as insulating oil, is an oil that has excellent insulating properties and is used in transformers. Transformer oil's primary purpose is to cool and insulate a transformer. Transformer oil has a high dielectric strength and temperature stability. Switchgears and circuit breakers, as well as distribution and power transformers, use transformer oil. Key Players: 1. BASF SE 2. Dairen Chemical Corporation 3. Nynas AB 4. Ergon Inc. 5. Valvoline 6. PetroChina Company Ltd 7. Sinopec Corporation 8. Cargill Inc. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=92&SubCatId=92&CatName=Transformer,%20Distribution%20Transformer
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Emerging Investment Opportunities to Start your Own Business of Packaged Drinking Water with PET Bottles.

Introduction Packed drinking water is water that has been filtered and disinfected in some way, such as by filtration, UV or ozone treatment, or reverse osmosis (RO), and then packaged in plastic or glass bottles or pouches for our use. A liquid cannot contain sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavours, extracts, or essences) and must be calorie-free and sugar-free to be considered "bottled water." Related Project:- PACKAGED DRINKING WATER WITH PET BOTTLES PET PET, also known as PETE or Polyethylene Terephthalate, is a solid, rigid synthetic fibre derived from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. PET is used in almost every plastic water bottle on the planet. But what are the characteristics that make it such an excellent food packaging material? PET containers are not only lightweight, but they also do not react biologically with food. Apart from that, PET is a durable, non-reactive, cost-effective, and shatterproof material that is likely to save the day. PET's protection in food, beverage, and personal care products, as well as pharmaceutical and medical applications, has been acknowledged by health authorities all over the world. One of the main reasons why many manufacturers choose PET is that it is 100% recyclable and highly sustainable. It can be recovered and recycled several times –– into personal care product tubes, carpet and clothing fibres, vehicle components, building materials, industrial strapping, and other packaging materials, for example. Benefits Health Benefits Mineral water is considered to have a variety of health benefits due to its carbonation and mineral content. Contributing to Heart Health In one research, postmenopausal women consumed one litre of mineral water a day for two months at a time. Mineral water consumption reduced bad (LDL) cholesterol levels while increasing healthy (HDL) cholesterol levels, according to the findings. Mineral water helps keep the heart safe and functioning properly, as high cholesterol raises the risk of heart failure and other diseases. Lowering Blood Pressure Researchers tested the effects of mineral water on subjects with borderline hypertension (high blood pressure) and low calcium and magnesium levels in a 2004 report. They noticed a noticeable reduction in these people's blood pressure after four weeks of drinking mineral water. Relieving Symptoms of Constipation Carbonated mineral water can help people with dyspepsia (indigestion) and constipation by reducing constipation and improving symptoms. It also has the added advantage of improving gallbladder function. Health Risks Although there are no known health risks associated with drinking mineral water, drinking it from a plastic bottle may do so. Related Projects: - Water Industry (Distilled water, Packaged Drinking water, Hydropower, Ice, Mineral water Manufacturing Process CHLORINE DOSING SYSTEM: The direct consumption of raw water is considered unfit for drinking as it may contain living microorganisms. Also raw water may hold ferrous compounds which can get oxidized to ferric oxide. They then settle down in the storage tank thus increasing the water woes. The Hypochlorite dosing system, which is used for this purpose. About 3-4 ppm of sodium hypochlorite solution is dosed in raw water storage tank. The solution reacts with water to form a hypo chlorite acids which ultimately acts as a disinfecting agent. RAW WATER STORAGE TANK: For storing chlorinated water with adequate capacity, one number of raw water is needed. PVC pipework and isolation valves, as well as the required type of level indicator, are installed in the tanks. RAW WATER SUPPLY PUMP: A Stainless Steel Horizontal Centrifugal Pump is used to supply a significant proportion of raw water to the Pressure Sand Filter Unit. Along with our machinery, we also have this Raw Water Supply Pump. Related Videos:- Beverages, Fruit Juice, Alcohol, Wine, Whisky, Mineral Water, Packaged Drinking Water, Beer, Energy Drinks, Hard and Soft Drinks, PRESSURE SAND FILTER: Prior to feeding the R.O.Plant, raw water is filtered using a filtration mechanism that employs a series of filtration units. Also included is a Pressure Sand Filter Unit, which is an effective tool for removing suspended matter and turbidity from raw water. Internally, the PSF Unit is equipped with a bottom collection mechanism and is an SS vertical Pressure Vessel. On the supporting media of pebbles and gravels, uniform grades of silica quartz sand are charged. Externally, this device has SS frontal pipework and a Multiport Valve. Over the duty period, water passes through the sand bed in a downward direction, trapping suspended matter and turbid particles and separating them. Due to suspended matter, the sand bed becomes blocked over time, resulting in a higher pressure drop and reduced flow. As a result, the filter bed must be backwashed at some stage. When the pressure drop across the sand bed reaches the prescribed limit (0.5 kg/cm2) or the filtered water quality deteriorates, whichever comes first. Backwashing and rinsing the Sand Bed are part of the regeneration process. To perform the backwashing feature, water is allowed to flow in the opposite direction of the service cycle to loosen the filtering media bed. As a result, entrapped suspended matter detaches and is released along with effluent water. The backwashing process is run for around 10 to 15 minutes, or until the effluent is clear. For sand bed rinsing: To settle the sand bed, service water is directed downward. To ensure that all unclear water is drained out, the effluent water is drained for about 5 minutes. Related Books:- BOOKS & DATABASES ACTIVATED CARBON FILTER: Water obtained from natural sources which contain visible impurities, odours, and bacteria in varying proportions, rendering it unfit for any use. It is therefore necessary to remove these contaminants from water. If the raw water has been chlorinated for die-infection, the free chlorine must be removed before feeding into the R.O. system. Chlorine, which is a potent oxidizing agent, damages the R.O. Membranes. By passing water through a carbon bed, Activated Carbon is the ideal solution for removing chlorine, odour, and colour. Because of their wide surface area, carbon granules can directly absorb organics found in water. The ACF Unit is a pressurized upright vessel made of FRP with a built-in strainer on the bottom that deposits syringes. The frontal tubing is made of stainless steel, and the MPV works externally. The supporting media of Coarse and Fine Silex are charged with granular activated carbon. The feed water is treated by flowing vertically through a Carbon Bed, which removes chlorine and bad odours from the water. The equipment is set aside for regeneration when the pressure level inside the Carbon Bed exceeds the prescribed limit of (0.8 kg/cm2) or the consistency of treated water degrades, whichever comes first. Backwashing and flushing of the Carbon Bed are part of the restoration process. Carbon's consistency deteriorates after prolonged use. Standard laboratory monitoring can be used to keep a close eye on this. Specifically, the iodine value, which is the most important factor in this application. It is standard procedure to substitute activated Carbon granules once a year. ANTI SCALENT DOSING: Precipitation is needed for elements such as salts, calcium, and magnesium that are present in excess quantities. If they reach the solubility limit, the water nutrient level is jeopardized. THE REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM: The RO method removes dissolved solids from the water after it has been cleaned. It's a device that passes highly concentrated water through a semi-permeable membrane with micro filters. PRODUCT WATER STORAGE TANK: The treated water from the R.O. system is stored in our custom-designed S.S. storage tank, which has the capacity needed. The tank is equipped with a stainless steel pipe system, isolation valves, and the required level indicator. Every tank has a single transfer pump made of stainless steel that feeds the softened water into the MCF. Market Research: - Market Research Report Indian Scenario of Bottled Water Market The demand for bottled water in India is primarily due to a lack of safe drinking water due to an enormous increase in the population, inflow of foreign students and visitors, poor quality of tap water, and the ease with which bottled water can be obtained, as well as a rise in health awareness. Since the government has failed to provide safe drinking water in all areas, private players have stepped in to fill the void while also establishing a thriving market. The best mineral water companies in India are concentrating on increasing market share through effective marketing strategies and appealing packaging. The market was worth Rs 160 billion in 2018, and it is projected to expand at a CAGR of 20.75 percent annually until 2023, when it will be worth Rs 403.06 billion. In 2018, the 1L bottle took 42 percent of the market share, followed by 500 ml bottles and 250 ml bottles. The demand is expected to hit 35.53 billion litres by 2023, rising at an annual rate of 18.25% from 2018 to 2023. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Global Scenario of Bottled Water Market The global bottled water market is exploding as people become more aware of the value of healthy drinking water for good health. Certain diseases, such as fluorosis, malaria, typhoid, diarrhoea, and viral fever, drive the sector. Even the taste of bottled water is contributing to the market's growing demand. In 2018, the global bottled water market was valued at $250 billion, with a forecast of $350 billion by 2021. Nestle, Hangzhou Wahaha Group Co. Ltd, Danone, Coca-Cola, and PepsiCo are some of the market's major players, with retail accounting for the majority of water bottle sales. The global bottled water market was worth about $238 billion in 2017 and is projected to hit $349 billion in 2021, expanding at a CAGR of 9.99 percent between 2017 and 2021. In terms of volume, the demand is forecast to be 437 billion liters in 2017 and 623 billion liters in 2021, with a CAGR of 927 percent between 2017 and 2021. Few Major Players: • Allen Industries Ltd. • Bhagyalaxmi Mineral Water Pvt. Ltd. • Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd. • Cans & Closures Ltd. • Chouksey Agro Pvt. Ltd. • Garden Polymers Pvt. Ltd. • Geo Thermal Water Ltd. For More Details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/PACKAGED%20DRINKING%20WATER%20WITH%20PET%20BOTTLES
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Most Successful Business Idea in Production of Bitumen (Polymer Modified Bitumen, Bitumen Emulsion, Cutback Bitumen). Increasing demand for bitumen in building of national roads, highways, and airport pathways.

Introduction Bitumen is a black or dark-colored (solid, semi-solid, viscous), amorphous, cementitious substance that comes in a variety of types, including rock asphalt, natural bitumen, tar, and petroleum bitumen (bitumen derived from oil). Bitumen can be found in a variety of forms in nature, including rough, easily crumbled bitumen found in rock asphalt and softer, more viscous material found in tar sands and asphalt 'lakes.' Bitumen may also be obtained by petroleum processing; in this case, bitumen is simply the residue left over after a petroleum distillation operation. While natural bitumen exists, the world currently relies on petroleum for all purposes. This is how the content has been made for over a century. Related Project: Production of Bitumen (Polymer Modified Bitumen, Bitumen Emulsion, Cutback Bitumen) Polymer Modified Bitumen (PMB) is a form of specially designed and engineered bitumen that is used to make pavement, heavy-duty roads, and home roofing solutions that can withstand severe weather. PMB is bitumen with a polymer applied to it, giving it added resilience, cohesion, and resistance to fatigue, stripping, and deformations, making it a good choice for infrastructure. Bitumen Emulsion is a combination of fine bitumen droplets and water. However, since bitumen is a petroleum product, it does not mix with water and is sticky, it is difficult to disintegrate into fine droplets. An emulsifier is used to solve this problem. A surface-active agent is what an emulsifier is. By preventing the bitumen from mixing with other droplets, the emulsifier holds it in its fine droplet state. Since the droplets are so tiny, they float in water. “As a result, bitumen emulsion is a dispersed substance made up of three components: water, bitumen, and emulsion.” Cutback Bitumen: Bitumen that has been dissolved in a solvent is known as cutback bitumen (liquid bitumen). Naphtha, gasoline, kerosene, white spirit, and other solvents are popular. The form of solvent determines the curing time, while the volume determines the Cutback Bitumen's viscosity. Depending on the solvent used, cutbacks are classified as either Rapid-Curing (RC) or Medium-Curing (MC). They're also given a number that shows the cutback's minimum kinematic viscosity (fluidity). Related books: - Petroleum, Greases, Lubricants, Petro Chemicals, Wax, Polishes and Petro Products Formulation and Technology Uses The building industry uses the most processed bitumen. It is primarily used in the paving and roofing industries. Bitumen is used as a binder in asphalt for highways, runways, parking lots, and foot paths, accounting for 85 percent of all bitumen generated. Gravel and crushed rock are combined with dense bitumen to keep it together before being added to roads. Because of its waterproofing properties, bitumen is used in the roofing industry for 10% of all bitumen used worldwide. In different construction materials such as carpet tile backing and paint, 5% of bitumen is used for sealing and insulating purposes. Bitumen has a variety of secondary applications in addition to these primary ones. Soundproofing, explosives, mildew safety, a briquette binder, a mirror backing, shoe soles, fence post coating, and soil stabilization are some other examples. Related videos: - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Production Process Distillation The fractional distillation of crude oil produces bitumen. Distillation is usually performed in two stages. The crude oil is first heated to 300-350°C before entering an atmospheric distillation column. At different heights in the column, lighter fractions such as naphtha, kerosene, and gas oil are isolated from crude oil. Heavy residue refers to the heaviest fractions remaining at the bottom of the column. The long residue is heated to 350-400 degrees Celsius before being poured into a vacuum distillation column. Since the equivalent temperature (temperature under atmospheric conditions) is much higher when using reduced pressure, it is possible to distil lighter products from the residue further. Thermal decomposition/cracking of the heavy residue would occur if the second distillation was carried out under atmospheric conditions and the temperature was raised above 400°C. The short residue at the bottom of the column is used as a feedstock for the production of bitumen. Propane De-Asphalting Bitumen can also be made by propane deasphalting, but the properties of propane deasphalted bitumen vary from those created by vacuum distillation from the same feedstock Propane deasphalting may also reduce a residuum even further, resulting in a bituminous product with lower viscosity, higher ductility, and higher temperature susceptibility than other bitumen, though such properties are likely to be crude oil based. Low-bitumen-content crude oils, which are typically different in form and source from those refined by distillation of higher-yield crude oils, are traditionally subjected to propane deasphalting. Related videos: - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Air Blowing In batch and continuous processes, air blowing can change the properties of bitumen. The preparation of bitumen in liquid form by blending (cutting back) bitumen with a petroleum distillate fraction, on the other hand, is common and is usually done in tanks with air agitation coils, a mechanical stirrer, or a vortex mixer. At the bottom of a blowing column, air is heated to 150–250°C and introduced. It then migrates to the top of the column via the bitumen. Bitumen with a different combination of molecular structures results from the chemical reactions. This process can be influenced by catalysts. Visbreaking Heavy products, such as bitumen, have a lower market value than light products. Visbreaking is a technique for converting heavy products (such as crude oil distillation residue or even very heavy crude oils) into lighter ones. To do so, heat the crude oil or residue to 450 degrees Celsius and hold it there for 1 to 20 minutes. A large number of molecular structures are broken down into smaller structures during this period. The visbreaking process's output (VB product) is usually distilled further. Related projects:- Bitumen, Base Oil, Crude Oil, Fuel Oils, Lubricating Oils, Gear Oils, Kerosene Projects Market Outlook Major grades such as paving, oxidized, cutback, emulsion, PMB, and others make up the commodity category. From 2019 to 2026, PMB is expected to develop at a rate of over 4.5 percent. Because of their superior quality and longevity, PMB are commonly used in road construction as well as building and construction. To change the properties of bitumen, different materials are added, such as thermoplastic elastomers like styrene polymers and rubber, thermoplastic polymers like ethylene copolymers, polyethylene, and polypropylene, and thermosetting polymer resins. Related Books:- BOOKS & DATABASES The addition of these polymers in trace amounts, either mechanically or chemically, increases the elasticity and tensile strength of the material, extending its fatigue life. Despite the fact that PMB is a newcomer to the bitumen industry, it will take a long time for it to gain traction. Because of increasing construction and road maintenance all over the world, particularly in Asia Pacific, the paving segment contributed significantly to the overall market and will maintain its share. Because of the type of manufacturing technique and the properties that result, various bitumen types find a broader application in the building and industrial sectors. Market Research: - Market Research Report Penetration graded bitumen products are what paving is known as. It's made from carefully chosen crude oils and refining processes that are meticulously controlled. Asphalt cements and liquid asphalts are the two main types of paving bitumen available on the market. Cement paving grades are semi-solid asphalts that can also be heated into a fluid state. After that, the fluid type is sprayed or combined with other substances. Annual global vehicle sales reached 96.8 million units in 2017 and are projected to rise to 125.5 million units by the end of the forecast period, necessitating the construction of more and better roads. As a result, the market for paving products for roadway applications will be high and will continue to grow in the future. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Few Indian Major Players: • Pure Bitumen • ASIAN BITUMEN COMPANY • Fondement Bitumenous Industries Pvt Ltd • Apilux Paint Factory in Howrah, Kolkata, West Bengal • S N CHEMICALS • New Zeal Constructions • Kudrat Enterprise For more details: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/Production%20of%20Bitumen%20(Polymer%20Modified%20Bitumen,%20Bitumen%20Emulsion,%20Cutback%20Bitumen)
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Investment Opportunities in Business of Duplex Paper Board Packing Industry Holds Potential for High Growth.

Introduction: A type of paperboard or cardboard known as duplex board. Since it is made up of two layers, or plies, it is called duplex board. The board's exterior is often coated to increase its water resistance and give it a lustrous sheen. Unlike corrugated cardboard, duplex board is tough, lightweight, and able to take on a bright white look. It's also used to make boxes for a wide range of small products. Duplex board is also used in the food industry to produce garment boxes and cigarette packs, as well as paper plates and cups. Related Project: Duplex Paper - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report Duplex board is a less costly whiteboard alternative with a similar surface finish that offers a printing surface that is equivalent to that of the more expensive whiteboard. Be the first to know about Warehouse Stock duplex board specials from PG Paper. Duplex board (also known as white corrugated boxes) is a two-layer board with a smooth surface that is commonly used for packaging. The term "duplex board" refers to a type of paperboard or cardboard. Uses of Duplex Paper Board: For hygiene reasons, duplex board used in the food industry is not made from recycled paper, but waste paper is occasionally used when the board is used for other purposes. Duplex paper board is commonly used to package lightweight products such as pharmaceuticals, prescription boxes, cigarettes, food packaging, shoeboxes, clothing packaging boxes, cosmetic packaging boxes, and so on. Duplex boards are also used to make matchboxes, greeting cards, book covers, and packaging for handmade items, among other things. Related Book: Paper Products (Kraft Paper, Paper Box, Printing Paper, Paper Board, Etc. Greeting cards, matchboxes, and book covers this type of duplex board is light in weight. Clothing boxes and cigarette packs, as well as paper plates and glasses, are made of duplex board, which is often used in the food industry. Cartons used to deliver packed milk are made of duplex sheet, which is not made of reused paper for hygiene reasons, but squander paper is often used when the load up is allocated for different purposes. Manufacturing Process: The entire production line for duplex board paper, including the paper pulp stock preparation line and the paper making machine. In the paper stock preparation line, waste paper is pulped, screened, cleaned, and refined, and wood pulp is pulped, cleaned, and refined before being stored in separate pulp tanks for use in duplex board paper making machines. Related Videos: Paper Industry, Paper & Paper Board, Paper Bags, Cups, Tube, Disposable Paper Products, Kraft Paper, News Print, Corrugated Board, Hand Made Paper The paper pulp is formed, pressed, dried, sizing, calendared, coated, and finally made into duplex board paper in a duplex board paper making machine. Duplex paperboard is made entirely of recycled paper and is thus environmentally friendly. Ordinary duplex cardboard is not manufactured from recycled paper in the food industry for hygiene reasons; however, waste paper is sometimes used if the paperboard is marked as such. Market Outlook: The demand for duplex board is expected to expand at a pace of 10.4 percent. Duplex board is used for a broad range of applications, including box construction, cardboard layers, and folding carton boards for high-end packaging divisions. Due to the wide range of applications, the duplex board market is projected to grow from 2020 to 2027. The packaging industry has a major impact on the global demand for Duplex board. Paper packaging products offer an environmentally safe and biodegradable alternative for packaging companies. During the forecast era, the duplex board market is expected to be driven by an increase in demand for the e-commerce industry. Because of the high number of cardboard boxes used in the distribution process. Market Research: - Market Research Report The duplex board market is expected to be driven by the optimistic outlook for the retail industry. During the forecast era, the Asia Pacific duplex board is expected to expand. It's because emerging economies like India and China are seeing a rise in demand for environmentally friendly goods. The global duplex board market is mainly driven by growth in the food and beverage and electronics industries, with future demand projected to be driven by growth in the household care and personal care products markets. Furthermore, the growth of the duplex board market is fueled by growing ecommerce, as well as increased demand and spending for packaged goods. Key Players: • International Paper. • Stora Enso Oyj • Venkraft Paper Mills Pvt. Ltd. • JK Paper • Murli Industries • Hangzhou Gerson Paper Co. Ltd • Emami Paper Mills Ltd. • Magnum Ventures Ltd. • Monit Paper • Chemicals (P) Ltd For More Detail: https://niir.org/profile-project-reports/profiles/paper-industry-paper-paper-board-paper-allied-products-paper-bags-cups-cone-
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Investment Opportunities & Business Ideas of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Cell. Solar power in India is a fast developing industry.

Introduction: A solar cell, also known as a photovoltaic cell, is an electrical system that uses the photovoltaic effect, a physical and chemical phenomenon, to transform light energy directly into electricity. It's a type of photoelectric cell, which is characterized as a device with electrical characteristics that change when exposed to light, such as current, voltage, or resistance. Individual solar cell devices are often used as the electrical components of photovoltaic modules, also known as solar panels. Related Projects: Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Geothermal, Biomass, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy Projects The maximum open-circuit voltage of a typical single junction silicon solar cell is about 0.5 to 0.6 volts. A solar cell, also known as a photovoltaic cell, is an electrical system that uses the photovoltaic effect, a physical and chemical phenomenon, to transform light energy directly into electricity. It's a type of photoelectric cell, which is characterized as a device with electrical characteristics that change when exposed to light, such as current, voltage, or resistance. Individual solar cell systems may be combined to create a larger system. Uses of Solar Photovoltaic Cell: In situations where photovoltaic cells are more cost-effective than other power generation methods, they are used to generate electricity. They are occasionally used as photo detectors. A photovoltaic (PV) cell is an energy harvesting technology that uses the photovoltaic effect to transform solar energy into usable electricity. Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES PV cells come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they all depend on semiconductors to communicate with photons from the Sun to produce an electric current. Solar cells were quickly used to power space satellites as well as smaller devices like calculators and watches. Solar-generated electricity is now cost-competitive in many areas, and photovoltaic systems are being installed at an increasing rate. Manufacturing Process: From raw quartz to solar cells, a series of steps are involved, beginning with the recovery and purification of silicon, then slicing it into usable discs – silicon wafers – that are then transformed into ready-to-assemble solar cells. Quality control is critical in the manufacture of solar cells because inconsistencies in the many processes and factors will reduce the overall performance of the cells. The main aim of the study is to figure out how to increase the performance of each solar cell over time. Related Videos: Renewable Energy Sector, Green Power, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Hydroelectric, Wind, Non-conventional Energy, New and Renewable Energy Pure silicon, which is not pure in its natural form, is the basic component of a solar cell. Silicon dioxides such as quartzite grit (the purest silica) or crushed quartz are used to make pure silicon. To make a semiconductor capable of conducting electricity, the resulting pure silicon is doped (treated) with phosphorous and boron to create an excess of electrons and a deficiency of electrons, respectively. The gleaming silicon discs necessitate an anti-reflective coating, which is typically titanium dioxide. Market Outlook: Solar photovoltaic (PV) installed capacity is projected to rise at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 8.5 percent, reaching nearly 4.4 GW by 2026, up from 2.7 GW in 2019. The declining cost of solar PV and associated systems is a major driver of the global solar PV industry. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles In comparison to 2010, solar PV module prices have dropped by nearly 73 percent in 2019. Due to rising disposable incomes and the global economy's rapid development, the global solar photovoltaic (PV) panels market offers a variety of opportunities to market participants. Furthermore, utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) is in high demand due to improving solar photovoltaic (PV) cost competitiveness and the electricity demand. According to a study, solar photovoltaic installed capacity surpassed 12 GW in 2016-17. So far, the Southern area of India has dominated major solar installations. In the last four years, the Indian solar photovoltaic market has seen tremendous growth in terms of new capacity addition. The market is governed by large domestic and foreign project developers, with government involvement when required. With the government's increased emphasis on developing the renewable energy sector, India's solar photovoltaic market has already taken off, with the aim of reaching 100 GW of solar power generation capacity by 2022. Indian Government policy on Solar Energy: Solar energy is a rapidly growing industry in India. As of November 30, 2020, the country's solar installed capacity was 36.9 GW. The Indian government set a target of 20 gigawatts of power for 2022, which was met four years ahead of time. Market Research: - Market Research Report The goal was increased in 2015 to 100 GW of solar energy by 2022 (including 40 GW from rooftop solar), with a target investment of $100 billion. Nearly 42 solar parks have been developed in India to provide land to solar plant developers. India proposed the International Solar Alliance (ISA) as a founding member, and it is headquartered in India. To harness abundant solar power on a global scale, India has proposed the concepts of "One Sun, One World, One Grid" and "World Solar Bank." Key Player: • Suntech Power Holding Co. Ltd. • Sun Power Corporation • First Solar Inc. • Yingli Green Energy Holding Co. Ltd. • Canadian Solar Inc. • Schott Solar Ag. • Sharp Corporation • Solar World Ag • Jinko Solar Holding Company Ltd • Trina Solar Ltd For More Detail: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=82&SubCatId=82&CatName=Renewable%20Energy
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Investment Opportunities in Ready Mix Concrete (RMC) Business. Profitable Construction Business Ideas.

Introduction: RMC is more environmentally friendly than site mix concrete because it is mixed in closed chambers, which eliminates noise and emissions. For commercial purposes, ready-mix concrete is also known as customized concrete goods. Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is concrete that has been specially formulated for delivery to a customer's construction site in a raw, plastic, or unhardened state. Concrete is made up of Portland cement, water, and aggregates such as sand, gravel, or crushed stone. Where small amounts of concrete or sporadic concrete placement are needed, ready-mixed concrete is especially advantageous. Ready-mixed concrete is also suitable for large projects where space is scarce and a mixing plant and aggregate stockpiles are not feasible. Related Projects: Construction & Building Materials Projects Any concrete building project needs ready-mixed concrete. It is a useful and effective tool for construction. The concrete is mixed and ready to cast when it arrives at the job site, saving time and money. Ready Mixed Concrete is the complete form of RMC. It is produced in a batching plant or factory according to the appropriate standard specifications. RMC is divided into three categories (Ready Mixed Concrete). 1. Transit mixed concrete 2. Shrink mixed concrete 3. Central mixed concrete Benefits of Ready-Mix Concrete: Since it can be improved to boost certain characteristics, such as additional strength or workability, ready mix concrete has a wide range of applications. This means it's a popular choice for a variety of DIY and commercial ventures, some of which we've mentioned below. Ready-mix concrete is a good way to get good concrete. Concrete mixing plants make use of high-tech machinery and tried-and-true processes. During the manufacturing process, there is strict control over material testing, process parameters, and constant monitoring of key activities. The concrete mixture has a wide range of applications. It is installed using the latest concrete placement techniques. Related Books: Cement, Asbestos, Ceramics, Bricks, Limestone And Construction Materials Manufacturing Technology Ready-mix concrete has proven to be a reliable building material time and time again. This custom technique is adaptable to the methods used by the site contractor, from its use to the method of placement. As a result, the use of ready-mix concrete aids in achieving high-speed construction. Concrete can be generated at a rate of 30-45 cubic meters per hour, compared to 15-20 cubic meters per hour for plants. Concrete RMC's longevity ensures that the proper water-cement ratio is maintained. As a result, RMC's reliability is consistent and improved. The most popular form of concrete is ready-mixed concrete. The mix is made at the plant and then shipped to the contractors for pouring, saving time on the job. In most workplaces, ready-mix concrete is the preferred choice. Production Process: Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is a form of concrete that is mixed according to a collection of proportions in a cement factory, also known as a batching plant, and then delivered to a job site by a truck equipped with mixers. This produces a precise mixture, allowing for the creation and use of specialty concrete mixtures on construction sites. For commercial purposes, ready-mix concrete is also known as customized concrete goods. Ready-mix concrete (RMC) is a form of concrete that is produced specifically for delivery to a customer's construction site in a freshly mixed, plastic, or unhardened state. Cement, aggregates, sand, water, and other chemicals make up ready mix concrete, which is weight-batched at a centrally located plant for superior consistency. Related Videos: Construction & Building Materials Projects The concrete is then transported to the construction site in transit mixers and is ready to use without any further treatment. Weigh-batching, water-cement ratio, admixture dosage, and moisture content are all monitored by the automated plant. In a well-equipped laboratory attached to the facility, all materials used in the preparation of ready mix concrete are extensively checked for consistency and physical properties in order to ensure compliance with applicable international standard codes. The moisture probe measures the amount of water in sand and aggregates. As a result, the proportion of water to be added for the preparation of the mix can be set. Trial mixes are made and checked to ensure that each batch of concrete leaving the plant meets various mix designs as per the client's requirements with various concrete grades. Market Outlook: The global ready-mix concrete market was valued at USD 656.1 billion in 2019 and is projected to develop at a 7.9% revenue-based CAGR from 2020 to 2027. The market for ready-mix concrete is expected to be driven by rising demand for fast construction activities in the residential, commercial, manufacturing, and infrastructure segments (RMC). Increased investments around the world, owing to urbanization, government infrastructure plans, and an increasing population that requires residential and commercial structures, are expected to boost business growth. Market Research: - Market Research Report In FY2020, the India Ready Mix Concrete Market was worth USD 2378.11 million, and the market is expected to expand at a CAGR of 16.21%. There is intense competition among the well-established players in the construction market. The demand for ready mix concrete in the construction industry has increased due to rise in demand for versatile building materials and increase in concern toward strong construction. The global ready-mix concrete market is a fast-growing industry that is expected to grow even faster in the coming years. The ready-mix concrete market in India is still in its infancy, but there is plenty of space for growth and value creation. The Indian construction market is expanding, and new homes, infrastructure, and urbanization are in high demand. Key Players: 1. A C C Ltd. 2. Ahlcon Ready Mix Concrete Pvt. Ltd. 3. Ambit Concrete Pvt. Ltd. 4. Dirk Pozzocrete (M P) Pvt. Ltd. 5. Nutech Engineering Technologies Ltd. 6. Particle Dynamics Pvt. Ltd. 7. Precision Components Hightech Ltd. 8. R C C Cements Ltd. 9. Wonder Cement Ltd. For More Detail: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=69&SubCatId=69&CatName=Construction%20&%20Building%20Materials #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #ReadyMixConcrete #ConstructionBusiness #ConstructionIndustry #ConcreteConstruction #ConstructionMaterial #ConstructionManagement #concrete
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Start a Manufacturing Business of Adhesive (Fevicol Type). Startup Opportunities in Adhesive Market.

INTRODUCTION An adhesive, also known as glue, mortar, mucilage, or paste, is a nonmetallic material that is applied to one or both surfaces of two separate objects to tie them together and prevent them from being separated. Adjectives may be used with the word "adhesive" to describe properties depending on the substance's physical or chemical form, the type of materials joined, or the conditions in which the substance was created. Adhesives are commonly used in a number of residential, commercial, and industrial applications for permanent, semi-permanent, and temporary attachment purposes. Load carrying ability, chemical composition, reactivity or inertness, and shape are some of the characteristics that can be used to classify and categorise the wide variety of adhesives available. Each of these adhesives has unique properties and benefits, however, as with adhesive and cohesive strengths, the suitability of each property or feature (and the corresponding adhesive) is determined by the application. Related Books: - Adhesives, Chemical, Drugs, Gums, Insecticides, Jute, Pesticides, Petro Chemicals, Petroleum, Grease, Lubricants, Pharmaceuticals, Sealants, Starch, Leather Technology COMMON TYPES OF ADHESIVES Anaerobic Adhesives: Acrylic-based adhesives that cure in the absence of air are known as anaerobic adhesives. The curing process is accelerated when metal is present. This type of adhesive usually has a low viscosity, comes in liquid and paste forms, and is used to secure, seal, and preserve close-fitting and structural parts. Cyanoacrylates Adhesives: Adhesives that cure in the presence of moisture and ultraviolet (UV) light are known as cyanoacrylate adhesives (e.g., Krazy Glue ®, a brand of Toagosei Co., Ltd). This form of adhesive comes in a range of viscosity levels, from low to high, and can be used on porous and non-porous surfaces. Because of its low shear strength, it is not appropriate for structural applications. Related Project: Adhesives (Fevicol Type) Epoxy Adhesives: Epoxies are often found in single-part and multi-part structures. These adhesives have good shear and peel strength (even in extreme temperatures and environments) and can be used to fill gaps and bind dissimilar substrates. Hot Glue: The term "hot glue" refers to a form of hot melt adhesive made from thermoplastic compounds. This adhesive has a high tackiness and can be used on both porous and non-porous substrates. In most cases, hot glue solidifies as it cools, but certain varieties may be cured by moisture or UV light. White Glue: White glue (e.g., Elmer's® Glue, a trademark of Elmer's Products, Inc.) is a popular polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue traditionally used for arts and crafts. This adhesive involves contact and pressure during solidification and is ideal for porous substrates such as fabric, cardboard, paper, and wood. Related Videos: - Adhesives and Sealants, Industrial Adhesives, Glues, Gums and Binders, Synthetic Resin, Resins (Guar Gum, Adhesive [Fevicol Type], Hot Melt Adhesives) USES Adhesives play an important role in the building industry and are used in a variety of ways. It has a large demand and a diverse set of applications. • It is used in the installation of carpets and in the adhesion of ceramic tiles. • Lamination of counter tops and the installation of laminates and veneers on interior furniture. • Adhesives are used as a bonding layer between the current floor and the substrate for floor fixing. • It's used in the installation of Drywall Lamination. • It's used in HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) • It's mixed into joint cement. • They are extremely useful in prefabricated or manufactured housing. • Panels that have been pre-finished must be mounted. • It is used in the installation of vinyl or resilient flooring, as well as roofing systems and roof tiles. • They are used to prepare the surface and apply wall coverings or wall papers. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles MARKET OUTLOOK By 2026, the Indian adhesives and sealants market is expected to have grown at an annual rate of 8.07 percent, reaching USD 1,703.68 million (2021-2026). The increasing demand from the packaging industry and the country's rising construction industry are two major factors driving the market studied. On the other hand, the slowing of the automotive industry and the negative effect of COVID-19 are impeding the market's growth. Market Research: - Market Research Report Residential development is being driven by population growth and urbanization in developing countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Brazil, and Mexico. In these countries, there is a growing demand for permanent housing, which is driving demand for adhesives and sealants. Adhesives and sealants are used in a variety of building applications, including carpet, tiling, wallpapers, and exterior insulation systems. Curtain wall panels and insulating glass units are also kept in place with adhesives and sealants. As a result, the construction industry's growing demand for adhesives and sealants is a major market driver. FEW INDIAN MAJOR PLAYERS: • Anabond Ltd. • Arofine Polymers Ltd. • C I C O Technologies Ltd. • Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. • D H Resins & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. • D I C India Ltd. For More Details, Click Here: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-details/Adhesives%20(Fevicol%20Type)
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Business Opportunities in Silica Gel Crystal & Beads Processing Industry. Profitable Business Industry for Beginners.

Introduction: Silica gel is an amorphous material that is synthesized into hard granules. It resembles irregular crystal beads in shape. Since their microporous makeup has interlocking cavities, the gel has an incredibly large surface region, making it an ideal high-capacity desiccant. Water molecules can easily stick to its surface because it has a lower vapour pressure than the air around it. When equal pressure is formed, absorption is no longer possible. As a result, the higher the humidity in the air, the greater the water absorption. It's important to remember that high humidity, particularly above 50%, can harm the gel being transported or stored. Silica gel is a hazy type of silicon dioxide that is synthesized in the form of firm irregular granules that resemble crystals or hard normal beads. Related Project: Manufacturing of Silica Gel Crystal & Beads Silica Gel is a popular desiccant and adsorbent that is used in a variety of industrial and consumer applications. Silica has become a part of everyday life for consumers, and it can be used in a variety of applications. Silica gel is a hazy type of silicon dioxide that is synthesized in the form of firm irregular granules that resemble crystals or hard normal beads. Silica Gel is a popular desiccant and adsorbent that is used in a variety of industrial and consumer applications. Silica has become a part of everyday life for consumers, and it can be used in a variety of applications. Silica Gel is a highly activated adsorbent that comes in a variety of mesh sizes to meet the needs of different industrial applications. It's non-toxic, non-corrosive, tasteless, odourless, chemically inert, and non-toxic. Related Book: The Complete Technology Book on Chemical Industries Silica Gel is regenerated by heating the crystals in an oven at a temperature of no more than 300° F (149° C) for around three hours, or until they turn blue or translucent white. Heating the desiccant in a microwave oven may also be used to dehydrate it. Heat the crystals in a 900-watt oven for three minutes at a time before the colour changes. The exact amount of time needed is determined by the oven's wattage. Uses Silica Gel Crystal & Beads: A stationary phase in chromatography is a silica gel. The stationary phase in column chromatography is usually made up of 40–63 m silica gel particles. Since particle size is related to surface area, different particle sizes are used for different types of column chromatography. The particle size of the silica gel determines whether it should be used for flash or gravity chromatography. Because of the polarity of the silica gel, non-polar components appear to elute before more polar ones in this application, hence the term normal phase chromatography. As hydrophobic groups are bound to the silica gel, however, polar components elute first, resulting in reverse phase chromatography. Related Videos: Chemicals (Organic, Inorganic, Industrial) For thin layer chromatography, silica gel is often added to aluminium, glass, or plastic sheets. The surface hydroxy (OH) groups of silica can be functionalized to create specialty silica gels with distinct stationary phase. These so-called functionalized silica gels are also used as insoluble reagents and scavengers in organic synthesis and purification. As a dehumidifier, Silica Gel plays a critical role. Silica Gel dehumidifiers are commonly used in a variety of industries for moisture and water drying. Oil and natural gas, air conditioners, food manufacturing, electronic products, and pharmaceuticals are among these industries. Because of their low cost, replacements for silica gel are used in a variety of applications such as bioterrorism, biohazard, and gas and liquid dehydration. Manufacturing Process: The method of making a silica gel involves mixing the reactants together in a one-pot operation, which reduces the time needed for ageing without losing the ability to produce pore sizes that are targeted. The pH of the reaction drives pore size growth in this way. Market Research: - Market Research Report As a result, a more effective process can be adopted in terms of costly drying/heating steps being cut down on time, if not entirely eliminated. Silica gels are made from a variety of raw materials. Manufacturer of synthetic amorphous silica, a tasteless, colourless, and odourless type of silicon dioxide. The term silica-gel comes from the manufacturing process used to create this material, sol-gel. To produce monomeric silicic acid, two raw materials, sodium silicate and mineral acid, are combined in a wet process. These monomers polymerize to form silica sol, which is a type of primary silica particle. Market Outlook: Silica Gel is a highly activated adsorbent that comes in a variety of mesh sizes to meet the needs of different industrial applications. It's non-toxic, non-corrosive, tasteless, odourless, chemically inert, and non-toxic. Silica gel is a porous silica gel with a wide internal surface area. Since the silica gel does not undergo any chemical reactions during adsorption, it does not form a crystalline structure. Silica gel may be segmented based on its intended use, as demand varies depending on the application. Related Books: - BOOKS & DATABASES The market can be segmented accordingly, and growth in either sector would increase silica gel demand. Other factors driving the global demand are the growing change from traditional to physical water treatment, as well as strict government regulations. Over 2030, the global silica gel market is expected to develop at a CAGR of 3.5 percent. The Silica Gel Market is segmented by product form, application, end-use industry, and geography. Desiccant and adsorbent are the main application segments, and they are expected to continue to grow in the forecast years. Silica Gel has gained worldwide popularity as a readily available and inexpensive moisture absorbent due to its easy manufacturing technique and high absorbing qualities. Key Players: • B A S F India Ltd. • Clariant Chemicals (India) Ltd. • Evonik Catalysts India Pvt. Ltd. • Multisorb Technologies India Pvt. Ltd. • Thermo Fisher Scientific India Pvt. Ltd. For More Detail: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co/project-and-profile-listing?CatId=129&SubCatId=171&CatName=Chemicals%20(Organic,%20Inorganic,%20Industrial) #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #NewBusinessPlan #BusinessProfessional #BusinessConsulting #SilicaGel #Crystal&Beads #ChemicalIndustry #ChemicalProduction #ChemicalBusiness #IndustrialBusiness #ChemicalMarket #ChemicalReport
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Investment Opportunities in the Production of Viscose Filament Yarn. Market Growth of Textiles and Clothing Industry.

Viscose Filament Yarn (VFY), also known as rayon, is a natural fibre that has the feel and look of silk, cotton, and wool. VFY is a versatile fabric with superior drape, fluidity, and lustre, making it a common option for fabrics like georgettes, crepes, and chiffons. The viscose filament yarn (VFY) Raysil is one of the most versatile textile raw materials available. It has a high level of softness and comfort (similar to cotton) as well as excellent lustre and colour brilliance (similar to silk), giving it the ability to impart drape and fluidity to the fabrics it produces. Viscose Filament Yarn may have a Bright or Full Dull lustre. Related Projects: Textile, Apparel, Clothing, Denim wear, Innerwear, Lingerie, Hosiery, Denim Jeans, Readymade Garments and Under Garments Industry. VFY is available in raw form as well as dyed and packed on cones in a variety of colours. Viscose Filament Yarn, also known as "Artificial Silk" or "Art Silk," was developed as a silk substitute; it is cellulosic like cotton and has silk-like aesthetics, but is much less expensive than silk. Viscose Filament Yarn fabric is similar to Cupromonium yarn fabric due to the development of a variety of finer deniers with a greater number of filaments. Fabric made from Viscose Filament is superior to Cupromonium yarn in segments such as Georgette and Crepe fabrics due to the fabric's specific specifications. Uses of Viscose Filament Yarn: Fabrics for clothing and home textiles can be made with viscose filament yarn. Viscose filament yarn can be used to make soft and smooth clothing fabrics because of its ability to breathe and absorb liquid. It's also used in the production of viscose embroidery thread. Viscose filament yarn can be used to create fabrics for clothing and home textiles because of its silky look and feel. Viscose filament yarn can be used to make soft and smooth clothing fabrics because of its ability to breathe and absorb liquid. Related Books: Textile Spinning, Processing, Natural Fibers, Natural Dyes, Pigments, Textile Dyes, Pigments, Dye Intermediates, Woolen Spinning, Weaving, Knitting, Dyeing Technology It's also used in the production of viscose embroidery thread. It can be used to make comfortable, smooth clothing fabrics. It's also well-known. This raw yarn has a higher tenacity than regular yarn and can be used for sewing. Furthermore, raw yarn may be made from virgin polyester staple fibre or natural polyester staple fibre. Polyester yarns and threads also play a significant role in the garment industry. Viscose Filament Yarn also has the benefit of being readily available in the industry. Production Process: Regenerated cellulose, which makes up the majority of rayon fibres and filaments, is produced by the viscose process. Viscose Staple Fibre (VSF) and Viscose Filament Yarn are the two most common varieties (VFY). After China, India has the world's second-largest VFY industry, followed by Western Europe and Japan. The production of VFY involves several phases, including steeping and pressing. shredding, ageing, xanthation, dissolving, ripening, and filtration of viscose solution, wet spinning, painting, raw yarn after-treatment, and winding The properties of rayon are identical to those of cotton or other natural cellulosic fibres due to its cellulosic base. Related Videos: Textile Industry VFY is available in a variety of denier options, ranging from 40D to 1500D, as well as shiny, dull, and dope dyed finishes. VFY is used in a wide variety of applications, including linings, woven skirts, trimmings, and furnishings, as well as technological applications in the medical field. The hand (soft, smooth), comfort (breathes, wicks, no static cling), drape, colour (deep brilliant shades and prints), lustre, and environmental friendliness of VFY fabrics are all well-known main elements. A viscose rayon filament yarn with excellent deterioration resistance over time and a uniform boiling water shrinkage factor in the longitudinal direction, provided by a continuous spinning process characterized by spinning a viscose with a sulphur content of sulphur oxides and polysulfide’s of 0.55 percent by weight or less based on the weight of cellulose. Market Outlook: Viscose filament yarn prices increased marginally on the international market in the last fortnight as demand remained steady and the export market remained strong. Clothing textiles and home textiles make up the global viscose filament yarn industry. The demand for viscose filament yarn is a spun thread that is ready to be woven into textiles. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Viscose filament yarn can be used to create fabrics for clothing and home textiles because of its silky look and feel. Viscose filament yarn can be used to make soft and smooth clothing fabrics because of its ability to breathe and absorb liquid. It's also used in the production of viscose embroidery thread. The global demand for Viscose Filament Yarns is increasing, and demand in developing industrial countries is also increasing. It was used to make cloth, especially lingerie and dresses, among other things. Key Players: • Grasim Industries • Nanjing Chemical Fiber • Abirami Textiles • Shandong Helon Co. Ltd • ENKA GmbH & Co. KG • Century Rayon • Yibin Grace Group • Xinxiang Bailu Chemical Fiber • Kayavlon Impex Pvt. Ltd • Hubei Golden Ring • Glanzstoff • Kesoram Rayon For More Detail: https://niir.org/profile-project-reports/profiles/textile-apparel-clothing-denim-wear-innerwear-lingerie-hosiery-denim-jeans-readymade-garments-under-garments-industry/z,,1b,0,a/index.html
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Set up a Profitable Business of Disposable Plates and Cups from Waste Rice Husk Powder.

Disposable plates are manufactured from a variety of recycled materials such as paper, plastic, and aluminium. These disposable plates are long-lasting, recyclable, environmentally friendly, and provide a safer atmosphere for food storage. Furthermore, to save time washing and drying utensils, these plates are commonly used during religious ceremonies, social events, weddings, parties, and outings. Related projects: - Disposable Products and Projects from Paper, Plastic, Thermocol, Banana Leaves Unless you have disposable plates and cups, the worst part of any house party is probably the dirty dishes that must be washed after everyone has left. Disposable utensils are one of the most practical inventions for those who want to celebrate with their family and friends at home. Paper plates or plastic plates are often a good choice to use at weddings, birthday parties, and anniversaries with a large number of guests. These plates and cups come in a variety of sizes. Rice Husk Powder: The rice husk, also known as rice hull, is the outer layer of a rice seed or grain. To secure the seed throughout the growing season, it is made of hard materials such as silica and lignin. As a by-product of rice milling, each kg of milled white rice yields approximately 0.28 kg of rice husk. Rice husk is a waste product that can be recycled into concrete. Certain methods can be used to remove the high silica content of rice husk. Rice husks are the hard protective coverings that detach from rice grains during the milling process. Benefits of Disposable Plates and Cups: Related Books: - Disposable Products Disposable plates and cups will help you save time and effort when it comes to cleaning conventional crockery and cutlery. And dishwasher owners gripe about having to load and unload it. The main advantage that consumers gain by using disposable plates and cups is that they do not need to be washed and can be disposed of quickly. Another benefit of plastic food containers is that they are more hygienic. Since they are lightweight and compact, they are also very simple to handle and transport, making them suitable for camping or picnics. The following are some of the advantages of using disposable plates and cups: • Easy composting • Safe to use with microwave • Highly energy efficient • Nontoxic Related Videos: - Biodegradable Products, Recyclable, Disposable, Eco-Friendly Plastics, Bioplastics, Compostable, Biodegradable Packaging for Food Products As a result, the amount of water used is reduced. This will help with water conservation as well. The rise in popularity of disposable cutlery can be attributed to these factors. People are increasingly using disposable paper plates and cups as a result of these significant advantages. This disposable cutlery can be used for a wedding party, a work Christmas party, or any other type of event. Market Outlook: The global disposable cup market was worth USD 11.88 billion in 2020, and it is projected to rise at a CAGR of 7.2 percent from 2021 to 2028. In the coming years, demand for disposable cups to serve hot and cold drinks in fast service restaurants is expected to increase. Furthermore, the increasing use of such cups for drinking water in a variety of commercial and residential settings is expected to fuel demand. Over the last decade, disposable cups have become increasingly common. Consumers' need for convenience is expected to fuel demand for the commodity. Disposable cups are a perfect alternative to bottles, mugs, and steins for customers who are concerned about losing or carrying them around. Market Research: - Market Research Report The growing popularity of disposable cups at social gatherings and celebrations is expected to drive demand in the coming years. With increased consumption from India and China, Asia Pacific is one of the leading regions for the oil. The hot variants are the most common product category in the paper cup industry, and the single walled section is the most popular type. The heavy-duty variants of paper plates are the most common product category worldwide. Because of the environmental harm caused by plastic cups, numerous organisations have promoted the use of paper cups as an environmentally friendly alternative, which has had a positive effect on the global paper cup industry. For More Details: https://bit.ly/2RyEF56 #DetailedProjectReport #businessconsultant #BusinessPlan #feasibilityReport #NPCS #entrepreneurindia #startupbusiness #ProjectReport #startup #projectconsultancy #businessopportunity #DisposableCutlery #biodegradblecutlery #DisposablePlates #DisposableCups #environmentallyfriendly #compostable #RiceHuskPowder #disposabletableware #Bidegradable
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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