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Best Business Opportunities in Nepal - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Nepal encourages foreign investment both as joint venture operations with Nepalese investors or as 100 per cent foreign-owned enterprises. The few sectors that are not open to foreign investment are either reserved for national entrepreneurs in order to promote small local enterprises and protect indigenous skills and expertise or are restricted for national security reasons. Nepal is close to India and China which will have the largest surge in the middle class population in the history of the world. As families become smaller and wealthier, they will start eating well. Meat consumption will rise. It will take more agricultural resources to produce more meat. Buying shares in tourism-related stocks such as hotels, airlines or restaurants is a passive way to tap this potential. You can also open a resort or travel agency in anticipation of the boom. Nepal's exports of mainly carpets, clothing, hemp, leather goods, jute goods and grain

For the past few decades, the major investment opportunities have emerged sure to give us a proper financial result (i.e, collection of the investment and generation of profit from the invested capital) are Hydro-electricity generation, Tourism and Agriculture. Even though there are other sectors and opportunities to invest time, capital and labour in, these three are the most effective and productive in the long run.


Business Sectors

Agriculture Industry

Agriculture employs 76% of the workforce, services 18% and manufacturing and craft-based industry 6%. Agricultural produce – mostly grown in the Terai region bordering India – includes tea, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops, milk, and water buffalo meat. Industry mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce, including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. In trying to increase agricultural production and diversify the agricultural base, the government focused on irrigation, the use of fertilizers and insecticides, the introduction of new implements and new seeds of high-yield varieties, and the provision of credit. Although new agricultural technologies helped increase food production, there still was room for further growth. Past experience indicated bottlenecks, however, in using modern technology to achieve a healthy growth.

Government efforts to boost the agricultural economy have focused on easing dependence on weather conditions, increasing productivity, and diversifying the range of crops for local consumption, export, and industrial inputs. Solutions have included the deployment of irrigation, chemical fertilizers, and improved seed varieties, together with credit provision, technical advice, and limited mechanization.

Agriculture provides agricultural raw materials to the industries and industries produce manufactured or finished products from those raw materials. Thus, we have seen that without agricultural raw materials, agro-based industries cannot run. The development of agro-based industries depends upon the availability of agricultural raw materials.

There may be investment opportunities in:

  • Dall Mill (Split Dalls/ Pulses for Chhilke-wali Moong, Urad, Arhar, Channa, Masoor)
  • Poha (Rice Flakes)
  • Atta, Maida Suji & Wheat Bran (Wheat Flour Plant) Roller Flour Mill
  • Rice Powder, Puttu and Wheat Powder
  • Biscuits & Candy
  • Rice Mill(Parboiled Rice)
  • Bakery industry, etc.


Hydropower Sector

The perennial nature of rivers and the steep gradient of the country's topography provide ideal conditions for the development of hydropower. Most of the power plants are run-of-river type with energy available in excess of the in-country demand during the monsoon season and deficit during the dry season. Nepal has a huge hydropower potential. Nepal's electricity generation is dominated by hydropower, though in the entire scenario of energy use of the country, the electricity is a tiny fraction, only 1% energy need is fulfilled by electricity. The bulk of the energy need is dominated by fuel wood (68%), agricultural waste (15%), animal dung (8%) and imported fossil fuel (8%). The other fact is that only about 40% of Nepal's population has access to electricity. With this scenario and having immense potential of hydropower development, it is important for Nepal to increase its energy dependency on electricity with hydropower development.

Much of the new hydropower capacity in Nepal will be built with a view to export electricity to meet growing demand for electricity in northern India, offsetting greenhouse-gas emissions by reducing the proportion of coal-burning stations in the electricity portfolio.


Mine and Mineral Industry

Minerals are the nonrenewable natural resources. Sustainable development of such resources helps to strengthen the national economy. Nepal is an underdeveloped country with vast natural resources such as water, minerals, forest, varieties of agricultural products and medical herbs. For the economic development of the country exploitation and proper use of such valuable resources, especially mineral resources, is extremely important. Small scale historical iron, copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, nickel mines and placer gold panning in the major rivers and many slate, quartzite, dolomite and limestone quarries were operational in many districts. Old working pits, audits, smelting places, scattered slag and remnant of mine materials stand as solid proofs of such mining activities in the past.

Limestone is by far the most important mineral resource in Nepal, followed by magnesite, lead and zinc, and marble. Limestone was mined for the production of cement and lime, as well as for construction materials. The mining sector, comprising numerous small-scale industrial minerals mining companies, was the smallest sector of Nepal’s economy.

All these indicate that Nepal is potential for metallic minerals but most of them are sub-economic to none economic prospect/ deposits.

There may be investment opportunities in:

  • Artificial Marble Tiles
  • Granite (Marble) Polishing Batti (Bar)
  • Granite Marble Cutting and Polishing Unit
  • Calcium Carbonate from Marble Chips
  • Coal Washing Unit
  • Ferro Silicon Manufacturing
  • Gypsum plaster boards
  • Beneficiation of chromium, nickel and manganese ore
  • Integrated production unit of gypsum powder, gypsum board
  • P.V.C. laminated gypsum ceiling tiles, etc.


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Set Up a Manufacturing Plant of Ply Board From Poplar & Eucalyptus Wooden Logs. Investment Opportunities in Wood Industry.

Introduction Plywood is a form of engineered wood sheet made up of fine layers or flimsy strands of wood veneers that are glued together at 90 degrees to one another. It is a type of manufactured board that is a combination of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) and Chip Board (Particle Board). It's a complicated substance that joins resin and wood fiber sheets. Plywood has grown in popularity over the last decade due to its low moisture content, which makes it ideal for a variety of tasks. Plywood has become very popular to use, particularly for outdoor purposes. Plywood is used in the construction of Motor Torpedo Boats and Motor Gun Boats by the renowned British powerboat firm. Related Project: Manufacturing of Ply Board from Poplar & Eucalyptus Wooden Logs Uses Plywood is a form of engineered wood sheet made up of fine layers or flimsy strands of wood veneers that are glued together at 90 degrees to one another. It is a type of manufactured board that is a combination of Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) and Chip Board (Particle Board). It's a complicated substance that joins resin and wood fibre sheets. Followings are the uses and applications of plywood: • It is required wherever firm, strong material is required. • It is used as a high-quality layered wood material. • It was critical for construction and furniture making because of its resistance to bending, splitting, breaking, cracking, twisting, and warping. • For use in the open air. • For space or aviation parts making. • Since 1939, aviation has been used for space transportation. • Low-moisture plywood is used for a variety of applications, including shipbuilding. • U, or folded plywood, is used to create curved surfaces because the grains of plywood are easier to bend than those of regular wood. • This is used to build the inner surface of a skating rink. • Can be used for a variety of indoor stadium sports. • For the building of ships Production A good peeler log, which is generally straighter and larger in diameter than one needed for sawmill processing into dimensioned lumber, is required for plywood production. A long blade is pushed into the log horizontally and rotated around its long axis, allowing a thin layer of wood to peel off (much as a continuous sheet of paper from a roll). During rotation, a solid or roller nosebar is pushed against the log to create a "gap" for the veneer to move through between the knife and the nosebar. The nosebar helps to maintain the veneer being peeled to an accurate thickness by partially compressing the wood as it is peeled, controlling the vibration of the peeling knife, and assisting in holding the veneer being peeled to an accurate thickness. Related Videos: Wood and Wood Products, Plywood, Particle Board, Wooden Furniture, Bamboo, Forest Product, Wood Plastic Composite, Timber and Woodworking The log is peeled into sheets of veneer, which are then cut to the desired oversize dimensions to allow it to shrink when dried (depending on wood species). To shape the plyboard plate, the sheets are patched, graded, glued together, and baked in a press at a temperature of at least 140 °C (284 °F) and a pressure of up to 1.9 MPa (280 psi) (but more generally 200 psi). Depending on the market for which it is intended, the panel may be patched, minor surface defects such as splits or small knot holes filled, re-sized, sanded, or otherwise refinished. Indoor plywood typically uses a less costly urea-formaldehyde glue with minimal water resistance, whereas outdoor and marine plywood is engineered to withstand moisture and uses a water-resistant phenol-formaldehyde glue to avoid delamination and maintain strength in high humidity. Plyboard adhesives have been a source of controversy. In very high amounts, both urea formaldehyde and phenol formaldehyde are carcinogenic. As a result, several manufacturers are switching to "E"-rated low formaldehyde-emitting glue systems. Formaldehyde emissions are essentially zero in plyboard manufactured to "E0" standards. In addition to the glues, producers are focusing on the wood resources themselves, in part due to energy efficiency and respect for natural resources. Manufacturers who participate in these programmes may earn a variety of certifications. All certification initiatives that ensure that processing and construction practices are sustainable include the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI), and Greenguard. Many of these initiatives provide tax advantages to both the manufacturer and the end consumer. Related Books: Wood, Bamboo, Coal, Lignin and Its Derivatives Plywood comes in many different varieties for various applications: Plywood made of softwood Softwood plywood is usually made of cedar, Douglas fir, spruce, oak, and fir (collectively known as spruce-pine-fir or SPF) or redwood and is used in building and industry. Plywood made of hardwood Hardwood plywood is made from dicot trees (Oak, Beech, and Mahogany) and is used for high-strength applications. Hardwood plywood is known for its high strength, stiffness, and creep resistance. It has high impact resistance and planar shear strength, making it ideal for heavy-duty floor and wall structures. The wheel-carrying ability of oriented plywood construction is high. Hardwood plywood has a high degree of surface hardness, as well as resistance to damage and wear. Plywood from the tropics Tropical plywood is made from a variety of tropical wood types. Originally from Asia, it is now produced in African and South American countries as well. Tropical plywood outperforms softwood plywood in terms of density, weight, layer evenness, and overall consistency. If it is made to high standards, it is normally sold at a premium in many countries. In the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, Taiwan, Korea, Dubai, and other countries around the world, tropical plywood is commonly used. Because of its low cost, it is used for building in many areas. Many countries' forests, including the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia, have been over-harvested, owing to the demand for plywood production and export. Market Research: - Market Research Report Plywood for Airplanes DH-98 (De Havilland) Mosquito was constructed of veneers that were bent and glued together. High-strength plywood, also known as aircraft plywood, is manufactured with heat and humidity-resistant adhesives and is made from mahogany, spruce, and/or birch. During World War II, it was used to build air assault gliders as well as many fighter aircraft, the most famous of which was the multi-role British Mosquito. Plywood, dubbed "The Wooden Wonder," was used for the wing surfaces as well as flat parts like bulkheads and wing spar webs. The monocoque fuselage's bonded ply-balsa-ply "sandwich" provided exceptional rigidity; elliptical in cross-section, it was shaped in two different mirror-image halves using curved moulds. Decorative Plywood (Overlaid Plywood) Decorative plywood (overlaid plywood) is usually made of hardwoods such as ash, oak, red oak, birch, maple, mahogany, shorea (also known as lauan, meranti, or Philippine mahogany), rosewood, teak, and a variety of other hardwoods. Related Projects: Wood and Wood Products, Plywood, Board, Particle Board, Wooden Furniture, Bamboo, Engineered wood, Forest product, Lumber, Tree, Wood drying, Wood plastic composite, Door, Window, Modular Furniture, Timber, Woodworking, Decorative Laminated Sheets Plywood that bends Flexible plywood was created for the purpose of creating curved pieces, a tradition that dates back to the 1850s in the furniture industry. [requires citation] Mahogany three-ply "wiggle board" or "bendy board" sheets are 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) thick and come in 4 by 8 foot (1.2 m 2.4 m) sheets with a very thin cross-grain central ply and two thicker exterior plies, either long grain or cross grain. When moulded into the desired curve, wiggle board is often glued together in two layers to make the final shape rigid and resistant to movement. Decorative wood veneers are often used as a surface layer. Plywood for the Marine Environment Marine plywood is made from tough face and core veneers with few flaws, so it lasts longer in humid and wet environments and prevents delamination and fungus. Its design allows it to be used in areas where it will be exposed to moisture for extended periods of time. Each veneer will be made from tropical hardwoods and will have a small core gap, reducing the risk of water trapping in the plywood and ensuring a strong and durable glue bond. Like other exterior plywoods, it's glued with an exterior Weather and Boil Proof (WBP) glue. Market Outlook In the year 2020, the global plywood market will be worth nearly USD 43 billion. Between 2021 and 2026, the plywood industry is projected to expand at a CAGR of 5%, reaching a value of nearly USD 57.6 billion. The global plywood demand is fueled by the construction industry's expansion. The Asia Pacific area is the most important market, with the largest market share. India and China are the largest plywood markets in the Asia Pacific region, owing to growing population growth and rising disposable incomes in both countries. Manufacturers' rising technical innovations to minimise manufacturing costs, increase profitability, and boost the quality of plywood products are also helping the industry. Projects:- Project Reports & Profiles Indian Plywood Market In 2020, the Indian plywood market will be worth INR 222.5 billion. Plywood is made up of thin layers of wood veneers that are glued together with strong adhesives. In the manufacture of plywood for different uses, softwoods, hardwoods, or a mixture of the two are used, such as many types of maple, mahogany, oak, pine, cedar, spruce, and so on. Hardwood plywood sheets are used to make furniture and other interior uses, while softwood plywood sheets are used to build on the exterior of a building. Plywood is primarily used for furniture manufacturing in India, accounting for two-thirds of total wood use. The Indian plywood market is expected to rise moderately between 2021 and 2026. Key Players: • Archidply Industries Ltd. • Asian Pre-Lam Inds. Pvt. Ltd. • Associate Decor Ltd. • Austin Plywood Pvt. Ltd. • Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. • Duroply Industries Ltd. • Ecoboard Industries Ltd. For More Details:
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Chocolate Confectionery Plant (Milk Chocolate, Dark Chocolate, White Chocolate, Orange & Tangy Flavour Toffee, Citric Flavoured Candies & Chocolate Wafers)

Chocolate is a product that requires complex procedures to produce. The process involves harvesting coca, refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory for cleaning, coaching and grinding. These cocoa beans will then be imported or exported to other countries and be transformed into different type of chocolate products. The chocolate and confectionery products industry has traditionally been subject to significant fluctuations in demand. Chocolate products tend to be seasonal in nature, with demand increasing sharply during the holidays. Consumers of all age groups prefer chocolate and confectionery products because of their attractive appearance and colour. In addition, several consumer trends have had an impact on demand. Now-a-days varieties of products have gained importance due to their delicious taste and better keeping quality. Chocolate, candy and gum are some of people’s best-loved treats. These sweets have been enjoyed around the world for thousands of years. Early man developed a taste for sweets by digging honey from beehives. Recorded history traces several types of actual candy to the Egyptians 3,500 years ago. Boiled candies were popularized in 17th century Europe. By the mid-1800s, more than 380 American factories were producing candy. Confectionery, gummies/jellies, hard candy, toffee and fudge. The main reasons for purchasing are convenience, passive health, age, choice and pleasure. The most popular flavour groups are brown flavours, fruit, nuts, mints & menthols and dairy flavours. The top 5 companies supplying confectionary are Cadbury, Nestle, Kraft, Lindt and Mars. Flavanols are the main flavonoids found in cocoa and chocolate. Research over the past decade has identified flavonoids as showing diverse beneficial physiological and antioxidant effects. Flavonoids are compounds also found in fruits, vegetables, and certain beverages such as tea, red wine, and grape juice. Chocolate is not high in cholesterol. Cocoa and its components (cocoa solids and cocoa butter) are not recognized as a source of Trans fat in the diet. Confectionary products include a wide variety of food items, like – milk chocolate, white chocolate, citric flavor candies, orange flavor candies, tangy flavor candies, hard sweets, fudge, toffee, milk tablet, liquorices, jelly candies, marshmallow peeps, marzipan sweets, divinity, chewing gum, etc. The preparation and manufacture of chocolate and confectionary products require hoards of raw materials. These include - basic food colours, blended food colours, lake colours, natural food colours, food chemicals, spray dried coated powder flavour, soft drink concentrates, baking powder, icing sugar, coco powder and natural gums. Chocolates are the favourite item of children. Its primary feature is that it is solid at room temperature of 20 - 25 deg. C and yet melts rapidly in the mouth at 37 deg. C giving a liquid, which appears smooth to the tongue. The toffee and candy are used after meal, dinners as smooth refresher. It drives away bad smell from mouth and refreshes the breath. Sometimes it causes good sensation while chewing. Chocolate wafer are usually enjoyed as a snack. The chocolate wafers product is more nutrient due to the addition of the flavor layers and the dried fruits, the multi-flavor chocolate wafer biscuit is more beneficial to intake of nutrition and calories for people. The chocolates market in India is estimated at around 45,000 tonnes valued at approximately Rs 15.0 bn. The counter market is estimated at about Rs 5 to 7 bn and the rest is made up of chocolate bars. Chocolates make up less than a fourth of the sweet-tooth products including sugar-boiled confectionery, mints and chewing gums. Sugar confectionery is by far the largest segment. To push sales, chocolate majors have been targeting adult clientele. Chocolates are being presented as snack food for the new target audiences. Another strategy sought was the introduction of smaller editions. Growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 25% Indian chocolate industry’s size is presently worth about 50 bn and is likely to cross Rs. 75 bn mark in the next couple of years while globally the chocolate industry is worth over USD 85 bn. Besides, India’s per capita chocolate consumption is having at about 100 gm & urban centres comprise 35% of the chocolate consumption in the country. Cocoa, specifically, the market size (volume) of cocoa was 3,455,622 metric tonnes in 2013 and is estimated to grow at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.1 % from 2014 to 2019. As for the chocolate market, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 2.3% from 2014 to 2019. By 2019, the world cocoa market is expected be worth about USD 2.1 bn, and the world chocolate market is expected to be worth about USD 131.7 bn. India chocolate market projected to grow at a CAGR of over 16% to reach $ 3.3 billion by 2023 with the country currently representing one of the world’s fastest growing markets for chocolates. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful. Few Indian Major Players • Gandour India Food Processing Pvt. Ltd. • Inbisco India Pvt. Ltd. • Joyco India Pvt. Ltd. • Lotte India Corpn. Ltd • Mondelez India Foods Pvt. Ltd. • Perfetti Van Melle India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Milk Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day Dark Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day White Chocolate:1,600 Kgs Per Day Oragne & Tangy Flavour Toffee:1,200 Kgs Per Day Citric Flavoured Candies:1,200 Kgs Per Day Chocolate Wafers:1,600Kgs Per DayPlant & machinery: 249 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:671 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 54.00%
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Solar Panel

Solar panel refers either to a photovoltaic module, a solar thermal energy panel, or to a set of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A PV module is a packaged, connected assembly of solar cells. Solar panels can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC), and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a module determines the area of a module given the same rated output - an 8% efficient 230 watt module will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt module. The technology behind solar is relatively old, despite their futuristic appeal, but while the basics are the same the efficiency of solar panels has improved greatly in recent years. It’s worth noting that solar panel suppliers often have two types of solar panels on offer: thermal panels and photovoltaic (PV) panels. The former are used only to heat water. The electricity produced by solar panels will be used to power any appliances currently in use within home. Any electricity which is not used will be sent to the grid. India has abundant solar resources, as it receives about 3000 hours of sunshine every year, equivalent to over 5,000 trillion kWh. India can easily utilize the solar energy. Today the Government is encouraging generation of electricity from various renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, small hydro, biomass by giving various fiscal & financial incentives. This apart, the state governments are procuring electricity from renewable energy projects at preferential tariff. Multiple solar cells in an integrated group, all oriented in one plane, constitute a solar photovoltaic panel or solar photovoltaic module. Photovoltaic modules often have a sheet of glass on the sun-facing side, allowing light to pass while protecting the semiconductor wafers. Solar cells are usually connected in series in modules, creating an additive voltage. Connecting cells in parallel yields a higher current; however, problems such as shadow effects can shut down the weaker (less illuminated) parallel string (a number of series connected cells) causing substantial power loss and possible damage because of the reverse bias applied to the shadowed cells by their illuminated partners. Solar panels can be used to generate a portion of home’s power in order to reduce dependency on traditional power sources. For instance, install panels to provide electricity just for appliances or lighting, to reduce dependency on the utility company, as well as lower bill. Solar modules use light energy (photons) from the sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. The majority of modules use wafer-based crystalline silicon cells or thin-film cells based on cadmium telluride or silicon. The structural (load carrying) member of a module can either be the top layer or the back layer. Cells must also be protected from mechanical damage and moisture. The solar contribution stood at 5.44% as of 2018. Major factors driving the market studied are the declining cost of the solar module and the government policies like allowing 100% FDI under automatic route for renewable power generation and distribution projects which is expected to increase the participation from global players into the Indian market. With government promoting the solar installation in rural area by providing subsidized solar panels and other incentive, the solar PV installation is ought to increase during the forecast period and is expected to drive the market. So far, only five CSP projects, namely, ACME solar tower (2.5 MW), Dhursar (125 MW), Godawari solar project (50 MW), Megha solar plant (50 MW), and national solar thermal power facility (1 MW) have started operations in India. Owing to factors, such as, huge capital expenditure, difficulty in securing land and water, and insufficient DNI data, other projects have been delayed. India solar power products market is projected to grow at a CAGR of more than 11% to surpass $ 7.6 billion by 2024 on the back of increasingly stringent policy and regulatory framework and rising environmental concerns. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has set a target of 100 GW of solar power generation capacity by 2022. To achieve the target, government has taken several initiatives in the form of offering subsidies, financial assistance, and incentives to manufacturers, power producers and even customers. The global solar panel market volume reached 155.5 GW in 2019. A solar panel, also known as a PV panel, is a collection of solar (or photovoltaic) cells that employ natural sunlight to generate electricity. It is made of several solar cells, manufactured using silicon, boron, and phosphorus, which are arranged in a grid-like pattern on the surface. The utilization of solar panels has increased across the globe as they do not lead to any form of pollution and their installation helps in combating the harmful emissions of greenhouse gases. Also, innovations in quantum physics and nanotechnology are projected to increase their effectiveness potentially. They are superior to conventional solar panels in terms of efficiency and cost-effectiveness. They can also be integrated into almost any surface, which will further boost their applicability across various sectors. On account of these factors, the market to sustain positive growth over the forecast period (2020-2025). As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Dhursar Solar Power Pvt. Ltd. • Divine Solren Pvt. Ltd. • Ind Renewable Energy Ltd. • Indira Power Pvt. Ltd. • Janardan Wind Energy Pvt. Ltd. • Kiran Solar One Pvt. Ltd. • Laxmi Agroenergy Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 33 KW per dayPlant & machinery: 181 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:668 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Dextrose Saline

Normal saline (NS or N/S) is the commonly used phrase for a solution of 0.90% w/v of NaCl, about 300 mOsm/L or 9.0 g per liter. Aless commonly, this solution is referred to as physiological saline or isotonic saline, neither of which is technically accurate. NS is used frequently in intravenous drips (IVs) for patients who cannot take fluids orally and have developed or are in danger of developing dehydration or hypovolemia. For medical purposes, saline is often used to flush wounds and skin abrasions. Normal saline will not burn or sting when applied. Saline is also used in I.V. therapy, intraveno supplying extra water to rehydrate patients or supplying the daily water and salt needs ("maintenance" needs) of a patient who is unable to take them by mouth. Dextrose (D-glucose, corn sugar, starch sugar, blood sugar and grape sugar) is by far the most abundant sugar in nature and occurs either in the Free State (monosaccharide form) or chemically linked with other sugar varieties. In the Free State, it occurs in substantial quantities in honey, fruits, and berries. As a polymer of anhydrodextrose units, it occurs in starch, cellulose, and glycogen. Sucrose is a disaccharide of dextrose and fructose. Commercial production of dextrose by hydrolysis of starch yields white crystalline sugars that are either anhydrous (C6H12O6) or hydrated (C6H12O6H2O). Dextrose hydrate with its one molecule of water of crystallization per molecule of sugar, separates from concentrated solutions at <50°C. Anhydrous D-glucose does not contain water of crystallization and separates at 50-115°C. Another anhydrous form, B-D-glucose separates, if crystallization is carried out at temperatures >110-115°C. • Dextrose solution is used during post-operative period when sodium extraction is reduced. • Dextrose solution with concentration of 10-15% is used as di-urietic for increase in urine flow. • Dextrose solution of 5% normal salmicis used for restarting fluid volume in circulation of an emergency as in accidents with raemdrrhage. • Saline solution is used when large amount of sodium has been lost by vomiting or by gastric or intestinal duodenal aspiration or through analimucationfistuala. • Dextrose monohydrate is used as supplement to cow's milk in part of feeding. The increasing prevalence of chronic diseases is expected to drive the growth of the market. It has been forecasted that cancer will rapidly increase by approximately 70% in the next few decades. As per the World Cancer Research Fund International, stomach cancer is one of the top 5 cancers with 952,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. These patients are ‘nil by mouth’ and have to rely on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for survival. Intravenous (IV) solutions are fluids which are intended to be administered to a patient directly into the venous circulation. These fluids are sterile fluids which protects patients at the time of serious dehydration. There are various type of IV solutions available for use in the market. Many companies manufactures packaged intravenous fluids or products or compounds which can be mixed with sterile water to prepare a solution for intravenous administration. The market for Intravenous (IV) Solution is expected to reach USD 11,511.2 million by 2022 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.69% during the forecast period 2016-2022. The factors which drive the growth of the market are the rising prevalence of chronic diseases, rising acceptance of vitamin C intravenous treatment therapy to treat colorectal cancer. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • Pfizer Healthcare India Pvt. Ltd. • Pfizer Ltd. • Pharmacia Healthcare Ltd. • Shree Krishna Keshav Laboratories Ltd. • Vikrant Pharmaceuticals Ltd. • Wockhardt Health Care Ltd.
Plant capacity: Dextrose Saline 500 ml Size:15,000 Bottles Per Day Dextrose Saline 1000 ml Size:15,000 Bottles Per DayPlant & machinery: 1148 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1542 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Carbon Black

Carbon black is virtually pure elemental carbon in the form of colloidal particles that are produced by incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or liquid hydrocarbons under controlled conditions. Its physical appearance is that of a black, finely divided pellet or powder. Its use in tyres, rubber and plastic products, printing inks and coatings is related to properties of specific surface area, particle size and structure, conductivity and color. Carbon black is also in the top 50 industrial chemicals manufactured worldwide, based on annual tonnage. Current worldwide production is about 8.1 million metric tons. Approximately 90% of carbon black is used in rubber applications, 9% as a pigment, and the remaining 1% as an essential ingredient in hundreds of diverse applications. Carbon black is added to polypropylene because it absorbs ultraviolet radiation, which otherwise causes the material to degrade. Carbon black particles are also employed in some radar absorbent materials, in photocopier and laser printer toner, and in other inks and paints. The high tinting strength and stability of carbon black has also provided use in coloring of resins and films. Carbon black has been used in various applications for electronics. A good conductor of electricity, carbon black is used as a filler mixed in plastics, elastomer, films, adhesives, and paints. It is used as an antistatic additive agent in automobile fuel caps and pipes. The highest volume use of carbon black is as a reinforcing filler in rubber products, especially tyres. While a pure gum vulcanization of styrene-butadiene has a tensile strength of no more than 2 MPa and negligible abrasion resistance, compounding it with 50% carbon black by weight improves its tensile strength and wear resistance as shown in the table below. It is used often in the aerospace industry in elastomers for aircraft vibration control components such as engine mounts. Practically all rubber products where tensile and abrasion wear properties are important use carbon black, so they are black in color. Where physical properties are important but colors other than black are desired, such as white tennis shoes, precipitated or fumed silica has been substituted for carbon black. Silica-based fillers are also gaining market share in automotive tyres because they provide better trade-off for fuel efficiency and wet handling due to a lower rolling loss. Types of Carbon Black • Hard Blacks (synonyms: tread grades, reinforcing Carbon Black): a type of furnace Carbon Black having an average nitrogen surface area of 70 m²/g or greater. • Soft Blacks (synonyms: carcass grades, semi-reinforcing Carbon Black): a type of furnace Carbon Black having a nitrogen surface area in the range of 21 to 69 m²/g. Total production was around 8,100,000 metric tons (8,900,000 short tons) in 2006. Global consumption of carbon black, estimated at 13.2 million metric tons, valued at US$13.7 billion, in 2015, is expected to reach 13.9 million metric tons, valued at US$14.4 billion in 2016. Global consumption is forecast to maintain a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 5.6% between 2016 and 2022, reaching 19.2 million metric tons, valued at US$20.4 billion, by 2022. The most common use (70%) of carbon black is as a pigment and reinforcing phase in automobile tyres. Carbon black also helps conduct heat away from the tread and belt area of the tyre, reducing thermal damage and increasing tyre life. About 20% of world production goes into belts, hoses, and other non-tyre rubber goods. The balance is mainly used as a pigment in inks, coatings and plastics. Entrepreneurs who invest in this project will be successful.
Plant capacity: 167 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 2563 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:8249 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 25.00%
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Aluminium Easy Open End (EOE)

The term “easy open end” is used generally for that class of ends for containers that are provided with a built-in mechanism for permitting the consumer to open the container at the end for access to the ingredients within the container, without requiring the use of a can opener or other external tool. One conventional easy open end employs a pull tab having a pointed nose, the pull tab being riveted to the panel of the end so that the nose rests adjacent a weakened area along the periphery of the end panel. To open, the pull tab is rotated about the rivet, causing the nose to fracture the weakened area. Further pulling of the tab away from the end panel then causes the remainder of the weakened peripheral to rupture, thereby permitting the entire end to be opened. One type of easy-open end that is in wide use is the so called “full-open” end, in which a peripheral score, generally circular in configuration, is formed in the end panel at or adjacent to the periphery thereof to permit its complete removal. Full-open type cans are to be distinguished from those self-opening cans which have a comparatively small removable section which, when opened, provide a comparatively small hole for dispensing the product. Sealing with PET Can, Aluminium can, Tinplate can, Metal can, Paper can, Composite can, Food can, Plastic can, etc. • Non-processed foods such as snacks, nuts, powdered beverage, coffee and tea, infant formula, soup and sauce mixes, noodle/rice mixes, spices, pet food and treats; non-food products. • Applications also include processed foods such as: pet food, fish and seafood, spreads and other food products. Aluminium is used as a substrate, generally with an organic coating on both sides. This is necessary to facilitate the forming of the metal and/or to protect the metal against corrosion during the shelf life of the can or can end. It is often externally printed. Aluminium substrates are alloys. There are two major families of alloys depending on the main alloying element: magnesium or manganese. The rolling process is driven to obtain the required mechanical properties. It is for instance possible to obtain harder metal and thereby allowing reduced thickness. There has been a dynamic shift in the consumer consumption pattern in the food & beverage sector. Consumer inclination towards ready to eat food is increasing owing to changing lifestyles and growing disposable incomes, especially in the emerging economies across the globe has witnessed an increase in the sales of the global aluminium containers market. Foodservice operators & online food service outlets offers various services such as ‘takeaway’ and ‘drive through’ to cater the growing number of on the go consumers has resulted in the increase in the sales of the aluminium containers. Increase in usage of aluminium containers for packaging in food service industry, in turn, is expected to drive the demand for aluminium containers market during the forecast period. One of the key factors that increase the preference towards the aluminium containers for packaging is extended shelf life of products. Aluminium containers score very high in barrier properties. This factor is expected to fuel the growth of the global aluminium containers market. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business.
Plant capacity: Aluminium Easy Open End, 63 mm Size:2,016,000 Units Per Day Aluminium Scrap:200Kg Per Day Plant & machinery: 5338 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:8483 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 35.00%
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5 Star Hotel

A hospitality unit such as a restaurant, hotel, or an amusement park consists of multiple groups such as facility maintenance and direct operations (servers, housekeepers, porters, kitchen workers, bartenders, management, marketing, and human resources etc.). The common law says that hotel is a place where all who conduct, themselves properly and who being able and ready to pay for their entertainment, accommodation and other services including the boarding like a temporary home. It is home away from home where all the modern amenities and facilities are available on a payment basis. A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a fridge and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre (with computers, printers and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa and social function services. Hotel rooms are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B & Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Most hotel establishments are run by a General Manager who serves as the head executive (often referred to as the "Hotel Manager"), department heads who oversee various departments within a hotel (e.g., food service), middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, function and class, and is often determined by hotel ownership and managing companies. Hotels are found in almost all the cities. Hotels operate twenty four hours a day, seven days a week. The principal factor that determines the guest attitude towards a hotel is service although other amenities such as room, food and beverages are of equal importance tangible determinants. Motel – The Concept Initially the term motel was meant for local motorists and foreign tourists travelling by road. They serve the needs and requirements of these travellers and meeting their demand for transit and accommodation. Some of the important services offered by the motels are parking, garage facilities, accommodation, and restaurant facilities. Over the last decade business opportunities in India has intensified and elevated room rates occupancy levels in India. ‘Hotel Industry in INDIA’ success story is only second to china in Asia pacific. The world travel and tourism council, says that India ranks 18th in business travel and will be among the top 5 very soon. India’s big success stores includes the new model for development and growth; a model that is uniquely made. Indian hotel industry’s room rates are mostly likely to rise 25% annually and occupancy to rise by 80%, over the next two years. ‘Hotel industry in India is gaining its competitiveness as a cost effective destination. In many areas hotels are important attractions for visitors who bring with them spending power that the locals and who tend to spend at a higher rate than they do when they are at home. Through spending by visitors hotels thus often contribute significantly to local economies both directly and indirectly through the subsequent diffusion of the visitor expenditure to the Govt. offers and to other recipients in the community. In areas receiving foreign visitors, hotels are often important foreign currency earners and in this way may contribute significantly to their countries’ balance of payments. In countries with limited export possibilities, hotels may be one of the few prime sources of foreign currency earnings. Hotels are an important source of amenities for local residents. Their restaurants, bars and other facilities often attract many local customers and many hotels have become social centres of their communities. Hotels are also important outlets for the products of other industries. In the building and modernization of hotels, business is provided for the construction industry and related trades. Equipment, furniture and furnishings are supplied to hotels by a wide range of manufacturers. INR ($1.7 Billion) in 2019 and average annual revenue/room was ~$12,400 per annum. • Post COVID, revenues will decline by ~48% in 2020 YOY but the market will also see a sharp recovery in 2021 and 2022 led by domestic leisure tourism. • The share of organized sector is expected to increase from ~5% in 2019 to ~8% in 2025 on account of growing pipeline from bigger brands and inventory reduction in unbranded hotels due to COVID. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian Major Players • D L F Aspinwal Hotels Pvt. Ltd. • Elixir Hospitality Mgmt. Ltd. • Emerald Leisures Ltd. • Hayre Regency Hotels Pvt. Ltd. • Highbar Technocrat Ltd. • I T C Hotels Ltd.
Plant capacity: Deluxe Rooms (Rent):38 Nos. per day Executive Rooms (Rent):28 Nos. per day Business Clientele Rooms (Rent):17 Nos. per day Suits Rooms (Rent):17 Nos. per day Coffee Shop (Visitors):25 Nos. per day Restaurant (Visitors):75 Nos.Plant & machinery: 1172 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:4032 Lakhs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Washing Powder

A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleansing properties in dilute solutions. These substances are usually alkyl benzene sulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water. Synthetic detergents have expanded rapidly all over the world. Their rapid development has been stimulated by the enormous and fast growth of the international petro-chemical industry. The transition from conventional hard soaps to synthetic detergent has been rapid and irreversible response by consumers. So that to-day, synthetic detergent accounts in most developed and developing countries in the world. To improve detergency of the detergent powders, certain other components were added to it known as builders, synergies, fillers and brighteners etc.? Detergent powder are largely used in the domestic houses, commercial sectors, hotel industries, garment industries and in many other sections of the society. There is high price, medium price and low priced detergent available. There are different kinds of raw material used in the industries for detergent manufacturing. There is large demand of this consumer item. There are renowned organized as well as unorganized private sectors, engaged in this production. The technology, involved in the high priced detergent powder is changed nowadays. But enzymatic process of detergent manufacturing is not economically viable to produce low priced detergent. There is well proved technology available in India. The product is environmentally polluted item. It is necessary to install proper pollution control equipments. Anionic detergents - Typical anionic detergents are alkyl benzene sulfonates. The alkyl benzene portion of these anions is lipophilic and the sulfonate is hydrophilic. Two different varieties have been popularized, those with branched alkyl groups and those with linear alkyl groups. Cationic detergents - Cationic detergents are similar to the anionic ones, with a hydrophilic component, but, instead of the anionic sulfonate group, the cationic surfactants have quaternary ammonium as the polar end. The ammonium sulfate center is positively charged. These are used in the domestic houses and in the industrial for cleaning of garments, utensils etc. It is largely used in the laundries and garment industries. Detergent constitutes about 95 percent of total surfactants some of the important uses of washing powder are in:- • Hand Soaps and Shampoo. • Cleaning and degreasing of metals. • Cleaning of glass and containers. • Washing and treatment of food. • Cleaning of painted surfaces. • Cleaning of painted walls, roofs etc. Detergents, as a constituent of the overall FMCG industry, accounts for a near 12% of the total demand for all FMCG products estimated at over Rs. 530 bn. Detergents, chemically known as alfa olefin sulphonates (AOS) are used as fabric brightening agent, anti-deposition agent, stain remover and as a bleacher. A major input for the production of detergents is a petrochemical, Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB), while soaps rely more on an inorganic chemical, caustic soda, as a major input. Detergents are available as powder, bars and liquids. Bars make up for less than half of the market, while powders have more than a third of the market. Liquids have 12% presence in the market. The bar market is dominated by Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever - HUL) with a share of over 40% held by its brands - Rin, Wheel, 555, Shakti, OK. The super-premium market, making up for around 10% of the overall detergents market, is dominated by Surf Excel from HUL and Ariel from Proctor & Gamble (P&G). The two together have a near 75% market with the rest coming in from players like Henkel SPIC. In the sub premium segment, Nirma from Nirma Soaps and Wheel from HUL are the major brands with small presence from an array of brands like Trilo, Hipolin, Tide, Key, Chek and others. The detergent market in India is dominated by HUL Nirma is the second largest player with an overall market share of 19%. Nirma is more dominant in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana, that is Northwest India. Nirma has the highest market share of around 40% in Gujarat. It has the highest market share in the mass segment, like toilet soaps. As a whole there is a good scope for new entrepreneur to invest in this business. Few Indian Major Players • Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. • Henkel Spic India Ltd. • Hindustan Unilever Ltd. • Hipolin Ltd. • Jyothy Consumer Products Ltd. • Kanpur Detergents & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1000 Kgs. per dayPlant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:55 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 69.00%
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Maize Processing (Starch, Glucose, Germs, Fibres, Gluten & Steep Water) Manufacturing Business. Best Opportunities for startups.

Introduction Maize (Zea mays L.l, or corn as it is known in the United States) is a versatile crop that ranks second only to wheat in terms of total production among the world's cereal crops. Maize also has a broader range of uses than any other cereal due to its global availability and lower costs compared to other cereals. There are a number of countries in the developing world where maize is a main staple food and per capita human consumption is high. On a conventional and industrial scale, maize can be processed into a variety of items for various end uses. Related projects:- Maize, Corn and its By Products , Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry Although conventional manufacturing provides a significant portion of the goods used in developing countries, industrial processing meets the majority of demand in developed countries. However, substantial improvements are taking place in the production of maize for major uses throughout developing countries. Easy processing machines are increasingly being used for dehulling, dry and wet milling operations. Furthermore, a few commercial maize processing mills are in service in some developing countries, such as Nigeria, supplying brewers grits, maize flour, and maize meal. Nonetheless, the developing world accounts for just over 40% of global maize intake, as well as the majority of direct human consumption. Commercial and subsistence farmers grow a wide variety of maize varieties, including local and improved varieties. Consumers in a given region use specific maize varieties to manufacture the main food items. Related Books:- Maize (Corn) Products in India (Starch, Glucose, Dextrose, Sorbitol) Trends, Opportunities, Market Analysis and Forecasts (Upto 2017) Maize Processing Cleaning and conditioning Cleaning and conditioning maize refers to the elimination of foreign material and anything that is not maize kernels from the to-be milled grain that lowers the quality of the crop, such as husk, straw, dust, sand, and anything too large or too small and lighter than a maize kernel from the to-be milled grain that lowers the quality of the product. It also includes the elimination of toxic seeds as well as materials that are hazardous to milling machinery, such as metal and stones. Conditioning is the process of adding moisture to maize so that the bran can be peeled off in flakes during milling with plate or roller mills, allowing for quick separation in a sifter and, most importantly, adding mass to the meal. Milling and sifting Following this process, milling can commence and may take several forms: To grind the grain, use a roller mill. There are three types of roller mills: single roller mill, double roller mill, and pneumatic roller mill. The mill uses grinding rollers. In a full maize milling facility, multiple roller mills work together to perform various functions: the first mill peels the maize skin, the second and third mills grind the maize into granular size while simultaneously producing super fine flour, and the granular sized product is sent to the next mill to continue grinding. Grinding During the grinding process, sift the meal from the miller with a double bin sifter or a square plan sifter, classifying and sifting more super flour. Sifting is commonly used to separate flour and bran, but it often separates large and small sizes to ensure flour consistency. Final product packing Maize will be refined into a variety of final items, including flour and grits. They vary in terms of granular scale. A Full-auto Flour Packing Machine is used to prepare the flour, which is then divided into 5 kg, 10 kg, 25 kg, or 50 kg sacks. Related Videos:- How to Manufacture Maize, Corn and its By Products Uses Maize is used primarily as: • A staple food for human consumption • Animal feed • Raw material for industrial use It can also be used as a source of seed. In the developed world. Maize is used primarily for livestock feed and as an industrial raw material for food and non-food applications. To the contrary. The majority of maize produced in developing countries is used for human consumption, though animal feed is becoming more common. The grain varieties used are flint and sorghum. There's a dent. Floury or with a texture similar to that of intermediate endosperm. Varieties in white and yellow are used. Global Corn Market Outlook In 2020, the global corn market will hit 1118 million metric tonnes. Between 2021 and 2026, the corn market is projected to expand at a CAGR of 5.3 percent, reaching a volume of nearly 1524 million metric tonnes. Crop is becoming more widely used in end-use sectors, which is driving the global corn market. Corn is used to make corn starch, which has a wide range of uses. The corn starch industry, in particular, is rapidly expanding. Corn starch is used in a variety of products, including food ingredients, papers, ethanol, and sweeteners. It's also used in animal feed manufacturing. The overall corn market is being boosted by rising market demand for all of these goods. Increased production of the crop has resulted from increased demand for animal feed and ethanol. Corn is used to make biofuel because of its high starch content, which allows it to be quickly converted into ethanol. Related Projects:- Maize, Corn and its By Products , Derivatives, Maize Processing Industry, Corn Starch, Dextrose, Liquid Glucose, Sorbitol, Oil, Gluten, Germ Oil, Wet Milling, Maize Starch Plant & related Products, High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS)Projects The growing use of the crop in end-use industries is driving the increasingly rising demand for the commodity in the United States and China. Since corn starch is used in the production of sorbitol and sweeteners, the United States is a major confectionery market that is propelling the corn market forward. The corn market is also fueled by the product's easy availability and low production costs. The growth of the corn market has been aided by the government's favourable policies, as well as increased FDI flows for both pharmaceuticals and personal care products, especially in the Asia Pacific region. In Asia Pacific, India and China are the two most important emerging markets for the product. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles The Indian Corn Starch Market In 2018, the Indian corn starch market was estimated to be worth $1.37 billion, and it is expected to expand at a CAGR of 3.9 percent from 2019 to 2024. The easy availability of corn and its wide range of applications in various industries such as food and beverage, pharmaceutical, animal feed, textile industry, paper industry, and others are driving the growth of the India Corn Starch market. The application segment of the India Corn Starch Market was dominated by the food and beverage industry. The rapid growth of India's population, as well as its rapid industrialization, has fueled the demand for corn starch. Market Research: - Market Research Report The Global Corn Glucose Market In 2020, the global corn glucose market will be worth US$ 2.1 billion. Corn glucose, also known as glucose syrup, is a food syrup made from corn starch hydrolysis. It's primarily a concentrated calorie source with no nutritional benefit. Corn glucose has become a common sugar substitute over the last few years. Corn glucose demand in the food processing industry has also increased significantly in recent years. It is primarily used as a main ingredient in commercially prepared foods to enhance flavour, improve colour, add volume, and give the food a smooth texture. Corn glucose is widely used in confectionery, preserves, tinned fruits, ice cream, sorbets, juices, dairy cakes, cookies, pastry, cereals, ketchup, sauces, vitamin tonics, and cough medicine since it prevents sugar crystallization. Few Major Players: • Aksharchem (India) Ltd. • Amaravati Agro Ltd. • Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. • Devi Corn Products Ltd. • Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. • Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd. • Gulshan Polyols Ltd. For More Details, Click Here:
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Emerging Investment Opportunities to Start your Own Business of Packaged Drinking Water with PET Bottles.

Introduction Packed drinking water is water that has been filtered and disinfected in some way, such as by filtration, UV or ozone treatment, or reverse osmosis (RO), and then packaged in plastic or glass bottles or pouches for our use. A liquid cannot contain sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavours, extracts, or essences) and must be calorie-free and sugar-free to be considered "bottled water." Related Project:- PACKAGED DRINKING WATER WITH PET BOTTLES PET PET, also known as PETE or Polyethylene Terephthalate, is a solid, rigid synthetic fibre derived from ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. PET is used in almost every plastic water bottle on the planet. But what are the characteristics that make it such an excellent food packaging material? PET containers are not only lightweight, but they also do not react biologically with food. Apart from that, PET is a durable, non-reactive, cost-effective, and shatterproof material that is likely to save the day. PET's protection in food, beverage, and personal care products, as well as pharmaceutical and medical applications, has been acknowledged by health authorities all over the world. One of the main reasons why many manufacturers choose PET is that it is 100% recyclable and highly sustainable. It can be recovered and recycled several times –– into personal care product tubes, carpet and clothing fibres, vehicle components, building materials, industrial strapping, and other packaging materials, for example. Benefits Health Benefits Mineral water is considered to have a variety of health benefits due to its carbonation and mineral content. Contributing to Heart Health In one research, postmenopausal women consumed one litre of mineral water a day for two months at a time. Mineral water consumption reduced bad (LDL) cholesterol levels while increasing healthy (HDL) cholesterol levels, according to the findings. Mineral water helps keep the heart safe and functioning properly, as high cholesterol raises the risk of heart failure and other diseases. Lowering Blood Pressure Researchers tested the effects of mineral water on subjects with borderline hypertension (high blood pressure) and low calcium and magnesium levels in a 2004 report. They noticed a noticeable reduction in these people's blood pressure after four weeks of drinking mineral water. Relieving Symptoms of Constipation Carbonated mineral water can help people with dyspepsia (indigestion) and constipation by reducing constipation and improving symptoms. It also has the added advantage of improving gallbladder function. Health Risks Although there are no known health risks associated with drinking mineral water, drinking it from a plastic bottle may do so. Related Projects: - Water Industry (Distilled water, Packaged Drinking water, Hydropower, Ice, Mineral water Manufacturing Process CHLORINE DOSING SYSTEM: The direct consumption of raw water is considered unfit for drinking as it may contain living microorganisms. Also raw water may hold ferrous compounds which can get oxidized to ferric oxide. They then settle down in the storage tank thus increasing the water woes. The Hypochlorite dosing system, which is used for this purpose. About 3-4 ppm of sodium hypochlorite solution is dosed in raw water storage tank. The solution reacts with water to form a hypo chlorite acids which ultimately acts as a disinfecting agent. RAW WATER STORAGE TANK: For storing chlorinated water with adequate capacity, one number of raw water is needed. PVC pipework and isolation valves, as well as the required type of level indicator, are installed in the tanks. RAW WATER SUPPLY PUMP: A Stainless Steel Horizontal Centrifugal Pump is used to supply a significant proportion of raw water to the Pressure Sand Filter Unit. Along with our machinery, we also have this Raw Water Supply Pump. Related Videos:- Beverages, Fruit Juice, Alcohol, Wine, Whisky, Mineral Water, Packaged Drinking Water, Beer, Energy Drinks, Hard and Soft Drinks, PRESSURE SAND FILTER: Prior to feeding the R.O.Plant, raw water is filtered using a filtration mechanism that employs a series of filtration units. Also included is a Pressure Sand Filter Unit, which is an effective tool for removing suspended matter and turbidity from raw water. Internally, the PSF Unit is equipped with a bottom collection mechanism and is an SS vertical Pressure Vessel. On the supporting media of pebbles and gravels, uniform grades of silica quartz sand are charged. Externally, this device has SS frontal pipework and a Multiport Valve. Over the duty period, water passes through the sand bed in a downward direction, trapping suspended matter and turbid particles and separating them. Due to suspended matter, the sand bed becomes blocked over time, resulting in a higher pressure drop and reduced flow. As a result, the filter bed must be backwashed at some stage. When the pressure drop across the sand bed reaches the prescribed limit (0.5 kg/cm2) or the filtered water quality deteriorates, whichever comes first. Backwashing and rinsing the Sand Bed are part of the regeneration process. To perform the backwashing feature, water is allowed to flow in the opposite direction of the service cycle to loosen the filtering media bed. As a result, entrapped suspended matter detaches and is released along with effluent water. The backwashing process is run for around 10 to 15 minutes, or until the effluent is clear. For sand bed rinsing: To settle the sand bed, service water is directed downward. To ensure that all unclear water is drained out, the effluent water is drained for about 5 minutes. Related Books:- BOOKS & DATABASES ACTIVATED CARBON FILTER: Water obtained from natural sources which contain visible impurities, odours, and bacteria in varying proportions, rendering it unfit for any use. It is therefore necessary to remove these contaminants from water. If the raw water has been chlorinated for die-infection, the free chlorine must be removed before feeding into the R.O. system. Chlorine, which is a potent oxidizing agent, damages the R.O. Membranes. By passing water through a carbon bed, Activated Carbon is the ideal solution for removing chlorine, odour, and colour. Because of their wide surface area, carbon granules can directly absorb organics found in water. The ACF Unit is a pressurized upright vessel made of FRP with a built-in strainer on the bottom that deposits syringes. The frontal tubing is made of stainless steel, and the MPV works externally. The supporting media of Coarse and Fine Silex are charged with granular activated carbon. The feed water is treated by flowing vertically through a Carbon Bed, which removes chlorine and bad odours from the water. The equipment is set aside for regeneration when the pressure level inside the Carbon Bed exceeds the prescribed limit of (0.8 kg/cm2) or the consistency of treated water degrades, whichever comes first. Backwashing and flushing of the Carbon Bed are part of the restoration process. Carbon's consistency deteriorates after prolonged use. Standard laboratory monitoring can be used to keep a close eye on this. Specifically, the iodine value, which is the most important factor in this application. It is standard procedure to substitute activated Carbon granules once a year. ANTI SCALENT DOSING: Precipitation is needed for elements such as salts, calcium, and magnesium that are present in excess quantities. If they reach the solubility limit, the water nutrient level is jeopardized. THE REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM: The RO method removes dissolved solids from the water after it has been cleaned. It's a device that passes highly concentrated water through a semi-permeable membrane with micro filters. PRODUCT WATER STORAGE TANK: The treated water from the R.O. system is stored in our custom-designed S.S. storage tank, which has the capacity needed. The tank is equipped with a stainless steel pipe system, isolation valves, and the required level indicator. Every tank has a single transfer pump made of stainless steel that feeds the softened water into the MCF. Market Research: - Market Research Report Indian Scenario of Bottled Water Market The demand for bottled water in India is primarily due to a lack of safe drinking water due to an enormous increase in the population, inflow of foreign students and visitors, poor quality of tap water, and the ease with which bottled water can be obtained, as well as a rise in health awareness. Since the government has failed to provide safe drinking water in all areas, private players have stepped in to fill the void while also establishing a thriving market. The best mineral water companies in India are concentrating on increasing market share through effective marketing strategies and appealing packaging. The market was worth Rs 160 billion in 2018, and it is projected to expand at a CAGR of 20.75 percent annually until 2023, when it will be worth Rs 403.06 billion. In 2018, the 1L bottle took 42 percent of the market share, followed by 500 ml bottles and 250 ml bottles. The demand is expected to hit 35.53 billion litres by 2023, rising at an annual rate of 18.25% from 2018 to 2023. Profile- Project Reports & Profiles Global Scenario of Bottled Water Market The global bottled water market is exploding as people become more aware of the value of healthy drinking water for good health. Certain diseases, such as fluorosis, malaria, typhoid, diarrhoea, and viral fever, drive the sector. Even the taste of bottled water is contributing to the market's growing demand. In 2018, the global bottled water market was valued at $250 billion, with a forecast of $350 billion by 2021. Nestle, Hangzhou Wahaha Group Co. Ltd, Danone, Coca-Cola, and PepsiCo are some of the market's major players, with retail accounting for the majority of water bottle sales. The global bottled water market was worth about $238 billion in 2017 and is projected to hit $349 billion in 2021, expanding at a CAGR of 9.99 percent between 2017 and 2021. In terms of volume, the demand is forecast to be 437 billion liters in 2017 and 623 billion liters in 2021, with a CAGR of 927 percent between 2017 and 2021. Few Major Players: • Allen Industries Ltd. • Bhagyalaxmi Mineral Water Pvt. Ltd. • Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd. • Cans & Closures Ltd. • Chouksey Agro Pvt. Ltd. • Garden Polymers Pvt. Ltd. • Geo Thermal Water Ltd. For More Details:
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

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