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Best Business Opportunities in Nagaland - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Nagaland is a state in North East India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam to the north, Burma to the east and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of 16,579 square kilometers (6,401 sq mi) with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India.

ECONOMY

Literacy rate in Nagaland has seen upward trend and is 79.55 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 82.75 percent while female literacy is at 70.01 percent. Total literates in Nagaland stands at 1,342,434 of which males were 723,957 and females were 618,477.

Nagaland has basically an agricultural economy. A great ambition of the villager is to have a bumper harvest. The economy of the state is predominantly based on agriculture. The major land use pattern is slashed and burn cultivation locally known as jhum. About 1, 01,400 hectare of land is under jhum cultivation. Rice is the dominant crop and also the staple diet of the people. Of the gross cropped area under food grains, rice accounts for about 84.4%. Oil seeds are also an important crop. It includes Rapeseed, mustard etc. Coffee cardamom and tea are grown as plantation crops in Nagaland.

INDUSTRY

The age old industry of the state is cottage industry which plays a vital role in the village's economy. Cottage industries which deserve emphasis are -

1.       Weaving and dyeing

2.       Work in cane

3.       Work in wood, black smithy, pottery and excavation of salt, pulp and paper mill.

Spinning and weaving were the only significant industry in the Naga Hills until independence. Mill made yarn, by virtue of its easy availability and cheapness is steadily substituting the thread, spun locally. In course of time, indigenous spinning would probably become extinct unless the Nagas switched over to modern techniques. Weaving, however, continues to be popular. The state is trying to encourage small-scale and cottage industries. This will reduce the pressure on land, ensure a larger employment potential and lead to a balanced regional development. Weaving training-cum-production centres have been set up at Mokokchung and Dimapur, a Cottage industry training-cum-production centre has come up at Mon, and a cottage industries training centre at Aghunato. Three medium-level industries have been established by the government for the development of Industrial Sector. The Nagaland sugar mill at Dimapur has an installed capacity of 1,000 tonnes of cane per day.

MINERAL BASED INDUSTRY

Nagaland is rich in mineral resources. The exploration carried out by the State Geology and Mining Department as well as by other Central Agencies such as Geological Survey of India, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd., etc. have established several mineral reserves. There is urgent need for enhancing the pace of exploration especially for untapped potential for hydro-carbon deposits and metallic deposits, by infusing both the latest technology and required funds from domestic and foreign investors. the huge reserves of more than 1000 million tonnes of high chemical grade limestone in the Eastern Nagaland is a major prospect for setting up of mineral resource based industries.

Atomic Minerals Division and Central Ground Water Board have established the following mineral reserves which can be exploited for commercially purposes:

•        Petroleum & Natural Gas

•        High grade limestone

•        Marble and dimensional/decorative stones

•        Coal

•        Nickel-Cobalt-Chromium bearing ore

The policy is to facilitate rapid and sustained industrial development in the state through enhanced investment, an investor friendly environment, provision of infrastructure and institutional support, attractive incentive package and optimum utilization of existing resources in order to gainfully exploit emerging opportunities in the national and international markets and generate substantial income and employment avenues for the people of Nagaland.

OBJECTIVES OF THE POLICY

•        Create gainful employment opportunities for local population.

•        Develop human resources and bring about improvement in the quality of life by promoting industrial ventures in sectors in which the State has a comparative advantage.

•        Develop marketing facilities for industrial products.

•        Encourage large and medium scale mother industries in the public, private, joint and assisted sectors to create an industrial base making use of the available resource base of the State in selective categories compatible with the local environment and ecology.

•        Develop marketing facilities for industrial products.

•        Encourage large and medium scale mother industries in the public, private, joint and assisted sectors to create an industrial base making use of the available resource base of the State in selective categories compatible with the local environment and ecology.

The salient features of the Nagaland State Industrial Policy among others are the areas of:

•        Food processing industries

•        Tourism industries

•        Agro forest based industries

•        Handloom and handicraft

AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES

Policy on Agro-Allied Sectors shall be formulated by the state Government with long terms Projections on targets, area coverage, production levels and areas of emphasis in terms of farming, Processing and marketing activities. The Government shall also take concrete steps for improvement of Bio-technology and modernization of agriculture in the state with a view to enhance quantitative and Qualitative targets in these core Sectors.


HANDLOOM AND HANDICRAFTS

Handicrafts and handloom sector in Nagaland have vast potential for growth due to the availability of abundant skilled labor and raw materials, as well as due to rich cultural traditions of its people. Nagas are inherently skilled people and their handicrafts and handloom products are well known for the beauty and intricacies of work. These products have widespread appeal and demand in the domestic as well as offshore markets. The natural skills of Nagas lie in basketry, pottery, cultivation, spinning and weaving, carving, dyeing metal work, etc. The colorful shawls, bags and jackets woven by Nagas are extremely popular.

The Nagaland Handloom & Handicrafts Development Corporation and the Nagaland Khadi& Village industries

•        As a promotional agency to extend assistance to entrepreneur and also to market the                          products of the artisan and cottage industry. 

•        As institution to fund projects of entrepreneurs in cottage and tiny sector.

The Nagaland Industrial Development Corporation Limited (NIDC) is a Government of Nagaland undertaking,  with the objective to promote, develop, establish and assist industries in the State. NIDC had set up a Sugar Mill Project and its ancillary Distillery Project at Dimapur. NIDC manages and maintains two Industrial Estates at Dimapur, which were taken over from the State Government in 1976. The Industrial Estates covering a total area of 40 acres has 25 ready built Standard Factory Sheds, which are rented out to industrial units at concessional rates. In the hospitality industry, NIDC’s wholly owned subsidiary, Nagaland Hotels Limited, has established the only two hotels with Three Star facilities, at Kohima and Dimapur. Through its thrust in the transport sector, has created a genre of private transport operators and today there are private taxis and buses servicing every remote reach of the State thereby alleviating the transport and communication bottlenecks, a crucial infrastructure for development.

FINANCIAL RESOURCES

The possible financial sources for industrial growth in the state are identified as under: 

•        State budget 

•        Central assistance 

•        Institutional financing 

•        Foreign assistance 

•        Private sector investments, from within and outside. 

•        Internal and outside resources mobilization through shares, debentures, securities and bonds etc. 

The important natural resources of the state of Nagaland are in the form of its rivers, forests and its mineral resources.

Rivers 

There are four main rivers flowing through Nagaland, these are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji. Some of the tributaries of the mighty Brahmaputra also flow through this state before finally merging.

Forests

Nagaland is endowed with rich forest resources including various types of flora and fauna. About 20% of the total geographical area is under the cover of tropical and sub-tropical evergreen forests - including palms, bamboo and rattan as well as timber and mahogany forests.

Minerals

Nagaland is rich in mineral resources including coal, limestone, iron, nickel, cobalt, chromium, and marble. But these are yet to be explored.

SCOPE OF INVESTMENT

•        Office Complexes

•        Multiplexes

•        IT Parks

•        Commercial Infrastructure

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

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Waste Oil Recycling Business Plan | Investment Opportunities in Waste Lubricating Oil Recycling Plant

Waste lubricating oil recycling plants are installed at garages and used-oil collection centers to recycle waste lubricating oils and turn them into usable products for companies that make up for their losses. These plants extract out reusable products from used or wasted lubricating oils. In many cases, these plants also purify oil to produce commercial grade lubricants that can be sold to manufacturers or wholesalers. The plant is best suited for large scale production of oil and other re-usable commodities. Read our Book Here: Lubricating Oils, Greases and Petroleum Products Manufacturing Handbook How does the waste lubricating oil recycling plant works? The waste lubricating oil recycling plant consists of various units such as a dryer, a centrifuge, and an environmental treatment device. During operation, waste lubricating oil would be input into a certain pre-designated area in factory where it would be dried out by a heat source until it’s completely vaporized from its liquid state. Afterwards, if needed for further processes, it will then be fed to a centrifuge where any solid contaminates are separated out from it before being recycled or disposed of accordingly. Depending on industrial oils, most customers opt for heavily refined versions due to their high quality performance when used during running machinery. Related Feasibility Study Reports: Petroleum and Petroleum Products, Refining, Greases, Lube Oil, Brake Fluid, Automotive & Industrial Lubricants, Gear Oils, Wax & Wax Products, Paraffin Wax, Polishes, Bitumen, Base Oil, Crude Oil, Fuel Oils, Lubricating Oils, Gear Oils, Kerosene This level of refining is done in a vacuum distillation process which often results in very large volumes of waste lube oil that contains no hazardous material whatsoever; these oily wastes can then be reprocessed using an advanced refining process known as hydro-treating. In many cases, only 15% new petroleum is required by these plants to maintain consistent overall energy use, resulting in about 85% reduction over traditional internal combustion engines. Then end product are called base oils Read our Books Here: Petroleum, Greases, Petrochemicals, Lubricants Benefits Reducing waste oil disposal costs, saving carbon dioxide emissions, reducing urban air pollution and water contamination. The market potential for waste lubricating oil recycling is large in that more than 80% of industrial lubricants are used in machinery manufacturing and therefore eventually become waste after use. All these factors make waste lubricating oil a huge resource and investment opportunity. Watch other Informative Videos: Petroleum and Petroleum Products Market Outlook: India industrial lubricant market is projected to grow to USD 1.91 billion by 2027, on the back of strong growth in construction & mining sectors across the country. Industrial lubricants find application in variety of end user industries therefore, an extensive list of lubricants is available that include hydraulic oil, greases, gear oil, compressor oil, industrial engine oil, metal working fluids and bearing oil. Among these, the hydraulic lubricants and machine lubricants dominate the market due to high demand in industrial and mining applications. Related Project: Investment Opportunities in Waste Lubricating Oil Recycling Plant The waste lubricating oil recycling plant market is highly lucrative, and is expected to grow at a healthy CAGR. The rise in awareness about environmental pollution due to improper disposal of used oil has compelled end-users of lubricants and machinery manufacturers to adopt proper procedures for used oil management. In addition, it has also increased demand for recycled products that are friendly to environment. Watch Video: Petroleum Lubricating Oil and Grease Manufacturing Industry | Lube Oil Blending Plant Market growth is highly dependent on factors such as rising disposable income, development of infrastructural facilities and diminishing crude oil prices. Waste lubricating oil recycling plant market is also driven by government regulations and incentives related to waste disposal and non-renewable energy generation. However, limited availability of space for installation may hamper industry’s growth over the forecast period. In addition, environmental concerns regarding wastage of lubricants in nature can restrict market share for recycled products. See More Links: Start a Business in Asia Related Market Research Reports Start a Business in Potential Countries for Doing Business Best Industry for Doing Business Business Ideas with Low, Medium & High Investment Looking for Most Demandable Business Ideas for Startups Start a Business in Africa Start a Business in India Start a Business in Middle East Related Videos Related Books Related Projects ???????????????????????????? ???????? NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES, DELHI An ISO 9001:2015 Company ENTREPRENEUR INDIA 106-E, Kamla Nagar, Opp. Mall ST, New Delhi-110007, India. Email: [email protected] [email protected] Tel: +91-11-23843955, 23845654, 23845886 Mobile: +91-9097075054, 8800733955 Website: https://www.entrepreneurindia.co https://www.niir.org
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Manufacturing Business of IV Fluids (BFS Technology)

Intravenous fluids are fluids administered intravenously (via veins) or directly through the circulatory system to a patient. These fluids must be sterile to protect patients from harm, and there are several options. Many businesses sell pre-packaged intravenous fluids and other items that can be mixed with sterile water to make an intravenous solution. There are two types of intravenous fluids. Crystalloids, such as saline solutions, contain a solution of water-soluble molecules. Colloids are made up of particles that aren't soluble in water and have a high osmotic pressure, which causes fluid to flow into blood arteries. Intravenous fluids can also be used to provide medications in addition to delivering fluids. With the help of an infusion pump, a doctor can dissolve a little amount of medication in a bag of intravenous fluids and infuse the medicated fluid straight into the bloodstream over a long period of time. Fluids are also often utilised to aid in the recovery of individuals who have undergone surgery; people who receive fluids after surgery recover more quickly than those who do not. IV fluids are made up of a range of solutions. The one chosen is determined on the situation. As a simple mode of delivery, several additional chemicals can be added to the IV solution. Antibiotics, pain relievers, and other medications can be mixed into the IV to ensure that the patient receives the medication as soon as possible. Dextrose (also known as D-glucose, Corn Sugar, Starch Sugar, Blood Sugar, and Grape Sugar) is the most abundant sugar in nature. It can be found free (mono saccharine form) or chemically coupled with other sugars. In the Free State, it can be found in high concentrations in honey, fruits, and berries. • Electrolyte metabolism and waste water treatment, particularly in extreme situations. • Acid-base imbalance treatment. • During the postoperative phase, a dextrose solution is utilised to reduce salt extraction. • A dextrose solution with a concentration of 10-15% is used as a diuretic to promote urine flow. • Saline solution is used when a significant amount of salt has been lost due to vomiting, stomach or intestinal duodenal aspiration, or an alimentary fistula. In medicine, intravenous (IV) fluids are used to restore vital nutrients or chemicals that the body cannot produce on its own. IV fluids are also widely utilised in medical conditions where someone has lost a considerable amount of fluid from their body and requires rapid rehydration as well as electrolyte and vitamin replacement, such as accidents or illnesses. If IV fluids are needed to treat a sickness or disease, doctors will examine the patient's condition on a regular basis to ensure that it does not deteriorate and that his or her health recovers quickly and successfully. The global intravenous (IV) solutions market was valued at USD 6.9 billion in 2015, and it is predicted to grow at a 7.8% CAGR over the next five years. The constantly growing geriatric population, as well as the high prevalence of malnutrition among the elderly and children, might be attributed to the growth of this industry. The intravenous (IV) solution market is expected to develop at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.69 percent from 2016 to 2022, reaching USD 11,511.2 million. The market is expanding due to the rising prevalence of chronic diseases and the increasing acceptability of vitamin C intravenous treatment therapy for colorectal cancer. Key Players: • Abaris Healthcare Pvt. Ltd. • Ahlcon Parenterals (India) Ltd. • Axa Parenterals Ltd. • Infutec Healthcare Ltd. • Kokad Pharmaceutical Laboratories Ltd. • Parenteral Surgicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: IV Fluids (500 ml Size Pack): 78,000 Packs Per DayPlant & machinery: 576 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 1190 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Set up your own Maize Processing Plant with Cogeneration Plant

After wheat and rice, maize is the third most significant cereal/crop, and it offers a wide range of processing options due to its high nutritional content and cost-effectiveness. Maize (sometimes known as corn) is a cereal grass commonly used for food and animal feed. In India, maize is one of the most extensively consumed foods. India produces 21 million tonnes of maize every year, with Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Rajasthan producing the most. India is one of the world's largest maize producers, and the grain can be grown throughout the year in practically any agro-climatic zone within its borders. Maize planting has increased in India in recent years, resulting in its domination as a starch source among processors. Maize is one of the most adaptable crops in development, thriving in a variety of agro-climatic situations. Maize is recognised as the "Queen of Cereals" around the world because it has the highest genetic production potential of all cereals. Starch, oil, protein, alcoholic drinks, food sweeteners, medicines, cosmetics, film, textile, gum, packaging, and paper are just a few of the sectors that use maize as a primary raw material. In commercial food production, a maize processing factory, often known as a corn mill, plays a significant role. Dry maize is ground into corn meal or corn flour at the factory, which is subsequently used to make tortillas, breads, and cereals. The grain can also be fermented and distilled to make ethanol fuel, or it can be processed into syrups to sweeten carbonated beverages. Depending on the type of gear used and the degree of milling that occurs during processing, a maize processing facility can do more than just turn corn into corn flour, cornmeal, or grits. Despite the fact that these are all common applications for maize processing facilities. Almost 57 percent of maize produced in India is utilised to feed poultry and livestock. Thirty-three percent is consumed, 9% is utilised to manufacture starch and related products, and 1% is used as seed. Maize is mostly used to make starch and other industrial products in the United States and Europe. Despite being one of the world's major maize producers, India's value addition in the form of processing lags behind more industrialised countries. A considerable amount of starch is transformed into high-value-added nutritional sweeteners, such as glucose syrup, dextrose, and fructose syrup, in modern countries. The Indian corn starch market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 3.9 percent from 2019 to 2024, reaching $1.37 billion in 2018. Corn's wide range of uses in industries including as food and beverage, medicines, animal feed, textiles, and paper are moving the India Corn Starch market ahead. Textile, paper, and construction sectors, as well as the pharmaceutical industry, are the primary consumers of starches. Although the usage of these derivatives in the food business is slowly increasing, there is still a lot of untapped potential in the maize starch processing industry. North America is the most important market for corn starch in terms of both value and volume. In contrast, the maize starch market in Asia Pacific is expected to develop at the fastest rate in the coming year, at a CAGR of 6.4 percent. Maize starch demand is rising across Asia Pacific, particularly in ASEAN, China, and India, where major corn starch producers have recently made significant investments. Key Players: • Aksharchem (India) Ltd. • Amaravati Agro Ltd. • Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. • Devi Corn Products Ltd. • Gayatri Bioorganics Ltd. • Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd.
Plant capacity: Maize Starch: 150 MT Per Day | Liquid Glucose: 20 MT Per Day | Maltodextrin: 18 MT Per Day | Gluten as by Product: 33 MT Per Day | Germ as by Product: 21 MT Per Day | Fiber as by Product: 36 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 136 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 171 Cr
Return: 21.00%Break even: 32.00%
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Active Pharma Ingredients Metformin and Ciprofloxacin Production Business

Metformin (also known as Glucophage) is an oral diabetes medication that helps the body use insulin more effectively and lower blood sugar levels. Metformin is a diabetes treatment that can be taken alone or with other diabetes drugs. It has no side effects like hypoglycemia or weight gain, which are common with other diabetic treatments. Metformin does not cure diabetes, but it can help you manage your blood sugar and lower your risk of problems if you take it as prescribed by your doctor. Metformin is the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes, especially in overweight individuals, and is sold under the brand names Glucophage and others. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is also treated with it (PCOS). It's taken orally and hasn't been linked to weight gain. It's sometimes used off-label to aid people who take antipsychotics or phenelzine avoid gaining weight. Metformin is a biguanide, which is a type of antihyperglycemic medication. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver, improving insulin sensitivity in body tissues, and increasing GDF15 secretion to reduce hunger and calorie intake. Metformin is a drug that is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes, sometimes known as sugar diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas' insulin is unable to carry sugar into the body's cells, where it can operate normally. Metformin can help lower blood sugar and restore the way you use food to make energy when it's too high, either alone or in combination with a type of oral antidiabetic medicine called a sulfonylurea, or insulin. Metformin is a drug that aids in the regulation of blood sugar levels in persons with type 2 diabetes. It's also used as a second-line treatment for infertility caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome. Infections of the urinary tract (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic) Ciprofloxacin is the active ingredient in Ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic. It prevents germs from copying their DNA, which is how it works. It's primarily used to treat infections of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, prostate gland, skin and soft tissue infections, and anthrax because of its broad spectrum of activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, as well as its ability to penetrate bacterial biofilms and stationary phase cells in both aerobic and anaerobic environments. In 1983, Bayer A.G. developed ciprofloxacin, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1987. The FDA has licenced ciprofloxacin for 12 human and veterinary uses, however it is routinely used for unapproved reasons (off-label). Antibiotics, herbal and natural supplements, and thyroid therapies are among the medications that interact with ciprofloxacin. • Acute uncomplicated cystitis in women • Chronic bacterial prostatitis in men (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic choice) • Respiratory tract infections are less common (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic choice) • Acute sinusitis (not recommended as a first-line antibiotic choice) • Infections of the skin and the tissues that support it • Infections of the bones and joints • Infectious diarrhoea • Salmonella typhi-caused typhoid fever (enteric fever) Metformin hydrochloride API producers are strengthening their manufacturing capacities to lessen their reliance on China as anti-China sentiment grows in India. Due to interruptions in supplies from China as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, manufacturers have been ramping up domestic production of active medicinal components (APIs). Despite the fact that India is known as the world's pharmacy because to its vast production capabilities in generic pharmaceuticals and vaccines, China is proving to be a tough rival, accounting for half of worldwide API supply. Indian drug companies are seeking to domestic producers to minimise their reliance on China in the metformin hydrochloride API business, as ties between the two countries have improved since a deadly border clash in June 2020. The Indian ciprofloxacin market is likely to grow rapidly over the forecast period. The ciprofloxacin market in India is being driven by the increased prevalence of renal disorders and eye infections, among other things. Ciprofloxacin is a second-generation fluoroquinolone that is used to treat a range of ear infections, including otitis externa, which is expected to drive market growth through FY2026. In addition, the market is expected to grow in the next years as the demand for broad-spectrum antibiotics that can treat a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria grows. Key Players: • Aarti Drugs Ltd. • Abhilasha Pharma Pvt. Ltd. • Auro Laboratories Ltd. • Corvine Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. • Godavari Drugs Ltd. • Harman Finochem Ltd.
Plant capacity: Metformin: 2,000 Kgs. Per Day | Ciprofloxacin: 1,000 Kgs. Per DayPlant & machinery: 104 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 584 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Manufacturing Business of Plastic Optical Lenses

Traditional glass lenses can be replaced by plastic optical lenses. They're constructed of an inert, pliable polymer that allows you to design frames that don't distort your eyesight or disrupt your eye socket's natural shape. Because they're so light, you won't even notice you're wearing them! Optical lenses are light-focusing or diverging optical components that focus or diverge light. Optical lenses are used in a variety of fields, such as life sciences, photography, industry, and defence. The profile or substrate of a lens affects how light flows through it. A lens is a refractory transmissive optical device that alters the focal length of a light beam. A simple lens is made up of a single piece of material, whereas a compound lens is made up of numerous simple lenses (elements) connected by a common axis. Lenses are made of transparent materials that have been ground and polished into the right shape, such as glass. The great majority of lenses are spherical, with two sphere sections on each surface. Convex (bulging outwards from the lens), concave (depressed into the lens), or planar (no bulging outwardly from the lens) surfaces are possible (flat). The lens axis is the line that connects the centres of the spheres that make up the lens surfaces. A magnifying glass is a frame that contains a single convex lens and a handle or stand. Myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism, among other vision abnormalities, can be treated using lenses. Monoculars, binoculars, telescopes, microscopes, cameras, and projectors are some of the additional applications. When used on the human eye, some of these instruments provide a simulated image; others create a real image that may be captured on photographic film or an optical sensor, or displayed on a screen. The Abbe number refers to a lens's dispersion, which is the property most closely linked to its optical performance of all its properties. Lower Abbe numbers imply chromatic aberration (colour fringes above/below or to the left/right of a high contrast object), which is more common in larger diameter lenses with stronger prescriptions (4D or greater). Lower Abbe numbers are an inherent characteristic of mid and higher index lenses, regardless of the material employed. The Abbe number for a material at a specific refractive index formulation is called the Abbe value. So far, glass lenses have been employed in a wide range of applications. As a result of its brittleness and susceptibility to deterioration, plastic lenses have developed and grown in popularity. Plastic lenses beat glass lenses in terms of UV resistance, durability, and safety for use in sports or other high-intensity activities where the lens is likely to break. Plastic lenses can be coated with a variety of coatings to meet the needs of users. Optical lenses are optical components that concentrate or diverge light. Microscopes, binoculars, camera lenses, and telescopes are examples of optical lenses. Optical lenses are made of many materials, such as glass, polycarbonate, and plastic resins. Because of their multiple advantages and the increasing growth of optics-related industries, resin-based lenses are currently in the limelight. The Internet's widespread use has accelerated the adoption of mobile phones and televisions. As a result, an increasing number of people are experiencing vision issues and needing to utilise plastic lenses. These lenses feature a wide range of practical qualities, such as little distortion, shatter resistance, and strong breaking resistance, which has increased their popularity and demand significantly. Key Players • Appasamy Ocular Devices Pvt. Ltd. • Bausch & Lomb India Pvt. Ltd. • Eagle Optics Pvt. Ltd. • Essilor India Pvt. Ltd. • G K B Hi-Tech Lenses Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 20,000 Pairs per dayPlant & machinery: 10.27 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 14.73 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Manufacturing Business of Plastic Optical Lenses

Traditional glass lenses can be replaced by plastic optical lenses. They're constructed of an inert, pliable polymer that allows you to design frames that don't distort your eyesight or disrupt your eye socket's natural shape. Because they're so light, you won't even notice you're wearing them! Optical lenses are light-focusing or diverging optical components that focus or diverge light. Optical lenses are used in a variety of fields, such as life sciences, photography, industry, and defence. The profile or substrate of a lens affects how light flows through it. A lens is a refractory transmissive optical device that alters the focal length of a light beam. A simple lens is made up of a single piece of material, whereas a compound lens is made up of numerous simple lenses (elements) connected by a common axis. Lenses are made of transparent materials that have been ground and polished into the right shape, such as glass. The great majority of lenses are spherical, with two sphere sections on each surface. Convex (bulging outwards from the lens), concave (depressed into the lens), or planar (no bulging outwardly from the lens) surfaces are possible (flat). The lens axis is the line that connects the centres of the spheres that make up the lens surfaces. A magnifying glass is a frame that contains a single convex lens and a handle or stand. Myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, and astigmatism, among other vision abnormalities, can be treated using lenses. Monoculars, binoculars, telescopes, microscopes, cameras, and projectors are some of the additional applications. When used on the human eye, some of these instruments provide a simulated image; others create a real image that may be captured on photographic film or an optical sensor, or displayed on a screen. The Abbe number refers to a lens's dispersion, which is the property most closely linked to its optical performance of all its properties. Lower Abbe numbers imply chromatic aberration (colour fringes above/below or to the left/right of a high contrast object), which is more common in larger diameter lenses with stronger prescriptions (4D or greater). Lower Abbe numbers are an inherent characteristic of mid and higher index lenses, regardless of the material employed. The Abbe number for a material at a specific refractive index formulation is called the Abbe value. So far, glass lenses have been employed in a wide range of applications. As a result of its brittleness and susceptibility to deterioration, plastic lenses have developed and grown in popularity. Plastic lenses beat glass lenses in terms of UV resistance, durability, and safety for use in sports or other high-intensity activities where the lens is likely to break. Plastic lenses can be coated with a variety of coatings to meet the needs of users. Optical lenses are optical components that concentrate or diverge light. Microscopes, binoculars, camera lenses, and telescopes are examples of optical lenses. Optical lenses are made of many materials, such as glass, polycarbonate, and plastic resins. Because of their multiple advantages and the increasing growth of optics-related industries, resin-based lenses are currently in the limelight. The Internet's widespread use has accelerated the adoption of mobile phones and televisions. As a result, an increasing number of people are experiencing vision issues and needing to utilise plastic lenses. These lenses feature a wide range of practical qualities, such as little distortion, shatter resistance, and strong breaking resistance, which has increased their popularity and demand significantly. Key Players • Appasamy Ocular Devices Pvt. Ltd. • Bausch & Lomb India Pvt. Ltd. • Eagle Optics Pvt. Ltd. • Essilor India Pvt. Ltd. • G K B Hi-Tech Lenses Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 20,000 Pairs per dayPlant & machinery: 10.27 Cr
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 14.73 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 44.00%
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Recycling of Lithium Ion Battery Business

The popularity of smart phones and tablets has resulted in a significant increase in the demand for lithium ion batteries in recent years. Because these gadgets contain hazardous elements that must be properly disposed of to avoid contamination of the environment, it is now more important than ever to recycle these batteries. Most commercial lithium ion batteries contain transition metal oxides or phosphates, aluminium, copper, graphite, organic electrolytes containing poisonous lithium salts, and other chemicals. As a result, an increasing number of scientists are concentrating their efforts on the recycling and repurposing of spent lithium ion batteries. However, recycling expended lithium ion batteries is difficult due to their high energy density, greater safety, and low cost. Lithium-ion batteries are becoming increasingly popular. Cell phones, computers, consumer gadgets, and certain industrial applications already use them. They're used in telecom towers, solar storage systems, and electric automobiles. Lithium-ion batteries should be recycled for a variety of reasons, according to battery experts and environmentalists. The recovered materials might be utilised to build new batteries, cutting production costs. These components now account for more than half of the cost of a battery. The most expensive components of the cathode, cobalt and nickel, have seen significant price changes in recent years. The removal of any plastic, rubber, or metal pieces is the first stage in recycling a lithium ion battery. These parts are sold as raw materials after being separated from the remainder of the waste stream. The next stage is to separate all metals, which is usually done by electrolysis, which produces an acid solution that dissolves metals while leaving the bulk of other components behind. Batteries can be dismantled into groups of similar materials and reused without any additional processing. Cobalt and nickel, for example, could be employed in new batteries or as semiconductor components. Steel is created from manganese and iron, and aluminium is delivered to aluminium smelters. Despite the fact that chromium is infrequently recovered for use in steel manufacturing, it is most commonly used as a high-purity alloying agent. Lithium waste does not react with other chemicals, thus it can be disposed of properly in landfills or resold to manufacturers who will reuse it after separation. India's lithium-ion battery sector is expected to grow quickly over the next five years. One of the primary steps taken by the Indian government to drive the growth of this sector is the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020, which forecasts 6-7 million electric vehicles on Indian roads by 2020 and a target of 175 GW renewable energy installation by 2022. India's annual lithium-ion battery market is expected to increase at a 37.5 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from now until 2030, when it would reach 132 GWh, according to projections. By 2030, the market for lithium-ion batteries will have grown from 2.9 gigawatt-hours in 2018 to around 800 gigawatt-hours. India's goal to transition from fossil fuel-based vehicles to electric vehicles (EVs) would drive up demand for batteries in the coming years. The lithium-ion battery (LiB) is now the most suitable alternative among the various existing battery technologies. With today's recycling technology, valuable metals including cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, graphite, and aluminium can be recovered up to 90%. These make up around 50-60% of the total battery cost, with cobalt being the most expensive.
Plant capacity: Copper: 1.4 MT Per Day | Aluminium: 0.8 MT Per Day | Graphite: 1.8 MT Per Day | Carbon Black: 0.3 MT Per Day | Lithium Cobalt Oxide: 2.5 MT Per Day | Plastic: 0.2 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 200 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 422 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Start Bamboo Fiber & Yarn Manufacturing Business

Bamboo is a member of the Gramineae family, which includes over 90 genera and 1200 species. Bamboo is indigenous to the tropical and subtropical regions between 46° north and 47° south latitude in Africa, Asia, Central America, and South America. Several species from Europe and North America may also be able to thrive in moderately temperate climates. Bamboo is a plant that can grow in a variety of climates and soil types. Bamboo is a type of agroforestry crop that can be grown on terrain that isn't ideal for farming or forestry. Because the culms are hollow, they are light and may be collected and moved without the necessity of special equipment or trucks, unlike wood. It quickly separates for weaving, making it easy to handle for men and women alike. Bamboo is commonly planted on farms outside of the forest, where it is easier to handle. Processing typically does not necessitate highly specialised labour or unique expertise, and it can be started at a low cost by rural poor people. Bamboo's popularity and trade have grown in recent years. Bathrobes • Towels • Bedclothes • T-shirts • Socks • Sweaters • Summer Clothing • Mats • Curtains are all made of bamboo fibre yarn. Certain varieties can reach a height of one metre every day. Bamboo grass can be as small as one foot (30 cm) tall or as large as 100 feet tall bamboo wood plants (30 meters). Bamboo plants grow on every continent and are economically and culturally significant. Bamboo fibre and yarn are created from bamboo plants, which are grasses that thrive in tropical climates around the world. Bamboo fibre and yarn are gaining popularity because of their environmental friendliness, durability, softness, and washability, as well as their antibacterial characteristics. Bamboo fibre and yarn, on the other hand, must be processed extensively before being utilised. Bamboo fibre and yarn are created from bamboo plants, which are grasses that thrive in tropical climates around the world. Bamboo fibre and yarn are gaining popularity because of their environmental friendliness, durability, softness, and washability, as well as their antibacterial characteristics. Bamboo fibre is made from the stalks of bamboo plants, which can be found in tropical and subtropical areas all over the world. Textiles made from these stalks have been woven in Asia for thousands of years, dating back to the Han Dynasty (200 BC-AD 200), but the rest of the world has only recently discovered their beauty. Bamboo fibre is used in a variety of applications, including bathroom textiles, medicinal and hygienic clothes, bamboo fashion, and home furnishings. They are antifungal and antibacterial, have a flat surface, and are as thin as hairs. Despite growing concerns regarding its manufacturing volume, bamboo fibre demand is increasing as a result of a growing focus on environmentally friendly textile production. Increasing public awareness about environmental sustainability and conservation, as well as rising demand for natural fabrics, are expected to boost market demand throughout the forecast period. In the medium term, the usage of breakthrough eco-fiber production technologies such as enzyme technology, foam technology, and plasma technology is likely to bring up new prospects. The global Bamboo Fibers market was worth million US dollars in 2018 and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of between 2019 and 2025 to reach million US dollars by the end of 2025. Key Players • Amarjothi Spinning Mills Ltd. • Cheran Spinner Pvt. Ltd. • Gillanders Arbuthnot & Co. Ltd. • H P Cotton Textile Mills Ltd. • Lakshmi Mills Co. Ltd. • Wearit Global Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6,666 Kgs Per Day Plant & machinery: 273 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 725 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Start Printed Circuit Board (PCBs) Production Business

PCBs are used extensively in modern electronic products such as computers, telephones, televisions, and even smaller electronic devices such as smart watches and fitness trackers. Printed wiring boards (PWBs) are critical components that include a foundation board that supports all other parts and circuitry, as well as a patterned layer of electrical tracks printed on top. The four major components of a printed circuit board (PCB) are: • Substrate (optional): The substrate, which is usually constructed of fibreglass, is the first and most crucial phase. Fiberglass is employed in the PCB's core because it strengthens it and helps it withstand fracture. Consider the substrate to be the "skeleton" of the PCB. • Copper Layer: This layer can be copper foil or a full-on copper covering, depending on the board type. Regardless of which method is utilised, the copper's function is the same: it transmits electrical signals from the PCB to the brain and muscles, just like your nervous system. • Solder Mask: The solder mask, a polymer layer that protects the copper from short-circuiting when it comes into contact with the environment, is the third component of the PCB. The solder mask serves as the PCB's "skin" in this situation. • Silkscreen: The silkscreen is the final component on the circuit board. Part numbers, logos, symbols, switch settings, component reference, and test locations are commonly silkscreened on the component side of the board. The silkscreen is also referred to as Television sets, transistor sets, radios, amplifiers, ampligrams, stereo amplifiers, voltage stabilisers, calculators, communications equipment, power supply, public address equipment, computers, and defence and other research organisations all employ printed circuit boards. On today's PCBs, component connection leads are commonly in the shape of a little foot. As a result, they can be immediately soldered to the copper tracks and placed on the same side. This not only saves money by avoiding costly drilling and track hookups through the board, but it also allows for the use of surface mounting devices (SMDS), which are often smaller and potentially less expensive than their traditional counterparts and allow for significantly higher component packing density. Capacitors and resistors are the most common components found in SMD form. These are little rectangular blocks with metal caps on the ends that connect all of the interior electrodes. There are no cables connecting the components. PCBs can be found in practically every electronic product, from consumer electronics like PCs, tablets, cellphones, and gaming consoles to industrial and even high-tech items in the strategic and medical electronics industries. Given the importance of the PCB business in the electronics manufacturing ecosystem, an article titled 'How will the Indian PCB industry grow?' was published in the April 2016 issue of Electronics Bazaar, and included the perspectives of key industry stakeholders. The Indian market is unique in compared to the rest of the world. Because flexible circuits may reduce form factor and eliminate connectors, they are predicted to grow far faster in the worldwide market than rigid PCBs. Most Indian PCB producers, on the other hand, concentrate on single-sided, double-sided, and multi-layered PCBs with four to eight layers. The Indian electronics industry is one of the world's fastest expanding, with domestic manufacturing exceeding $100 billion and expected to reach $400 billion by 2022. As a result, the PCB industry will see significant growth. According to an ELCINA analysis, PCB consumption in the residential market is predicted to expand at a CAGR of 20.56 percent from 2015 to 2020, reaching over US$ 6 billion by 2020, up from US$ 2.38 billion currently. Key Players: • Akasaka Electronics Ltd. (2002) • Akasaka Electronics Ltd. • Amara Raja Electronics Ltd. • Ample Circuit Pvt. Ltd. • At & S India Pvt. Ltd. • B I T Mapper Integration Technologies Pvt. Ltd. • B L G Electronics Ltd.
Plant capacity: Multilayer High Density Interconnect PCBs: 40 SqMtrs. Per Day Multilayer Flex PCBs: 40 SqMtrs. Per Day | Multilayer High Power PCBs: 40 SqMtrs. Per DayPlant & machinery: 260 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 594 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Start Manufacturing Business of AAC Blocks from Silica Sand & Lime Stone Powder

The novel building material autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) is employed in construction. It is both environmentally friendly and provides good insulation. Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC), also known as autoclaved cellular concrete (ACC) or simply autoclaved concrete, is a high-strength material manufactured by injecting steam into wet, raw concrete mixes. The shape and size of the air-filled cells created by the aeration process may vary depending on how the concrete mix is prepared and placed in moulds prior to steam injection. Because of its adaptability, AAC can be used for floor slabs, wall panels, acoustic dividers, ceiling tiles, patio covers, and even furniture. Aerated concrete (AAC) is a complete building system consisting of panels and blocks that can be used in residential, commercial, and industrial structures. AAC is a green building material that is fire-resistant, thermally efficient, solid-structured, and simple to work with. AAC has a long history in the construction industry and has established itself as a significant participant. For about 40 years, our country has been creating aerated methods, and their technological abilities and equipment are continually improving. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks have a high strength-to-weight ratio, low thermal conductivity, temperature and humidity stability, and fire resistance. It can be used in larger construction units due to its low density, which is a considerable benefit in prefabrication. In multi-story structures, significant foundation load savings are realised. As a result, in some industrialised countries, it's becoming more popular as a walling unit. Residential, multistory buildings, commercial, and industrial developments can all benefit from AAC. Natural elements such as sand, lime, and water are used to create the items. These raw components are combined to create a substance with a significant number of air pores, which is known as aerated concrete. The stiff structure of calcium silicate hydrate and the fine holes (almost 70% of the product) give AAC its excellent material characteristics. "The construction industry's autoclaved aerated concrete sector is now through a substantial expansion cycle. Because customers are looking for lower pricing, the autoclaved aerated concrete industry must compete. Although AAC is not a new construction method, it is being employed in India for the first time. Autoclaved aerated concrete ("AAC") is one of many "green" or "environmentally friendly" building materials available today, however it is still relatively obscure in India. AAC is a type of lightweight prefabricated stone. Natural aerated concrete (AAC) is a type of aerated concrete that is utilised in a variety of commercial, industrial, and residential applications. By using less material and producing less waste and pollution, AAC saves time and money. Last year, the Indian government approved 100 percent foreign direct investment in integrated township development. After China, India is currently the second most popular FDI destination. This industry will benefit from a big and expanding middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing lifestyle, lower living costs, and so on. As a result of industrialization, urbanisation, economic development, and people's rising expectations for improved quality of life, the Indian construction industry, which is an integral part of the economy and a conduit for a significant portion of the country's development investment, is poised for growth in the coming years. The volume of cement and AAC commodities provided to the broader Indian market in a given period is referred to as the market size of cement and AAC. As a result, supply rather than demand determines market size. Between 2020 and 2025, the global autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) market is expected to increase at a CAGR of 6.0 percent, from USD 18.8 billion in 2020 to USD 25.2 billion in 2025. The market is being driven by increasing urbanisation and industrialization, infrastructural growth, higher demand for lightweight construction materials, expanding preferences for low-cost housing, and a growing focus on green and soundproof buildings. Because of increased demand for AAC blocks in both residential and non-residential enterprises, the blocks element is the largest and fastest-growing category. In addition to their insulating properties, AAC blocks have the advantage of being quick and easy to install, as the material can be routed, sanded, and cut to size on site. In terms of volume, non-residential is predicted to be the fastest-growing end-use industry in the AAC market in the next years. Aesthetics and functionality are the two most important factors to consider when designing a company organisation. AAC is the second most often used building material in the earth, after concrete. AAC is frequently produced in the form of blocks or panels. AAC blocks, unlike concrete masonry units, are solid and do not have moulded core holes. Key Players • Ashoka Pre-Con Pvt. Ltd. • Baliapatam Tiles & Business Ventures Ltd. • Biltech Building Elements Ltd. • Gannon Dunkerley & Co. Ltd. • H I L Ltd. • J K Lakshmi Cement Ltd. • Keltech Energies Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300 Cu.Mtres Per DayPlant & machinery: 600 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Cost of Project: 1070 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 51.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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