Google Search

Search

Already a Member ?

Best Business Opportunities in Mizoram- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mizoram is a state of India. It is located in the northeastern part of the country and is bounded by Myanmar (Burma) to the east and south and Bangladesh to the west and by the states of Tripura to the northwest, Assam to the north, and Manipur to the northeast. The capital is Aizawl, in the north-central part of the state. Agriculture is the dominant economic activity of Mizoram, engaging more than two-thirds of the workforce. Two types of agriculture are practiced: terrace cultivation, in which crops are planted on relatively permanent, graduated terraces on the sides of hills and mountains to conserve water and reduce soil loss; and shifting agriculture, in which tracts called jhum are cleared by burning, cultivated for a limited period of time. Mizoram has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and 538,675 females. This reflects a 22.8% growth since 2001 census; still, Mizoram is second least populated state of India. The sex ratio of the state is 976 females per thousand males, higher than the national ratio 940. The density of population is 52 persons per square kilometer. Mizoram gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2011-2012 was about 6991 crore (US$1.1 billion). The state's gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was nearly 10% annually over 2001-2013 period. With international borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is an important port state for Southeast Asian imports to India, as well as exports from India.

TOURISM

Mizoram, the Land of the Highlanders, is sandwiched between Myanmar, Bangladesh and the states of Tripura, Assam and Manipur. The rivers, peaks, plains and the lakes are the treasures of Mizoram. It is full of high ranges running from north to south covered by greenery throughout the year. The Mizoram State Government begins to recognize tourism as an important sector of the economy which needs to be developed for greater income generation. More emphasis on sustainable eco-tourism, adventure tourism, village tourism and rural tourism would bring in high - value tourism. With the increase of tourist the need for budget hotels has been acutely felt.

Tourism has emerged as an important economic activity and one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Globally, Tourism is the fastest growing industry and in terms of value, it comes third only after petroleum and Transport Industry.

As such, Tourism Department in Mizoram is also one of the fastest growing Departments in Mizoram. The Department has achieved these objectives by constructing Tourist Lodge, Tourist Resort and other Tourist amenities in difference places of Mizoram through liberal financing of Ministry of Tourism, Government of India.


INDUSTRIAL POLICY

The Industrial Policy of Mizoram State was first notified on 15.3.1989 to give direction to the strategy for Industrial development of the State. It laid stress on reducing shifting cultivation by encouraging a shift from primary to secondary sectors while protecting the Socio-Cultural and ethnic identity of the indigenous enterprise of Mizoram.

In view of the National Industrial Policy which laid special emphasis for the development of Industries in the North Eastern Region, the Govt. of Mizoram had notified new Industrial Policy 2000 for accelerated Industrial and Economic development of the State. The Government had adopted the approach for identification of thrust areas and promoting them with fiscal and other incentives packages. Broad policy of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Investment from outside the State has been adopted on Joint venture (JV) mode to safeguard the interest of the tribal population of Mizoram. Various administrative support system and market support system are also announced. The Govt. of Mizoram is mandated in giving sustainable employment and introducing better utilization of land by introducing New Land Use Programme (NLUP).

OBJECTIVES

•        To create infrastructure facilities, provide incentives and marketing as well as technical support to industries.

•        To provide skill development and training for educated youth to develop entrepreneurial skills and make them self-employed.

•        To create employment opportunities particularly to the vulnerable section of the society and people in rural area, ensuring inclusive development.

•        To reduce sectoral and regional imbalance in the industrial development in the State by promoting Industries under all sectors.

•        To create proper linkage of processing Industries with the farm produce of agriculture, horticulture, forest and livestock’s.

•        To attract investment in the state.

IDENTIFICATION OF THRUST AREAS

Thrust will be given for those industries based on value addition of locally available resources. Special incentives will be formulated for speedy development of industrial units engaged in any of the following thrust sector Enterprises.

•        Forest-based Industries

The vast bamboo and other forest resources of Mizoram will be optimally harvested for setting up of Industry for manufacturing of various high value bamboo and other forest based products.

•        Food Processing Industries

Primary production of various food items, whether agricultural based, horticultural or livestock based will be linked with processing Industries.

•        Handloom Industries

Handloom sector will continue to receive serious attention of the Govt. Utmost importance will be given for improving quality product by introducing improved design, packaging, branding.

•        Handicraft Industries

The traditional skill of Mizo people will be upgraded and diversified for market competitiveness of handicraft products.

•        Plantain fibre and hill brooms

The Govt. will encourage value addition of hill-brooms. The flow of raw and unprocessed broom outside the state will be discouraged by giving attention towards value addition to help local industry.

•        Textile related industries

Bulk production of readymade garments will be encouraged as this sector is having good potential for market outside the state and export.

•        Animal Feed and poultry feed Industries

The Government is giving thrust towards having sufficient meat and meat products for which farming has been encouraged.

INCENTIVES

The incentives offered under the Rules for the grant of incentives/subsidies under the Industrial Policy of Mizoram State are-

•        Subsidies on the cost of Project Report 

•        Land subsidy

•        Factory rent subsidy

•        Manpower development subsidy

•        Interest subsidy

•        Power subsidy

•        Subsidy on Power Line 

•        Subsidy on Power Generating set

•        State Transport subsidy on Plant and Machinery 

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

Page 220 of 222 | Total 2218 projects in this category
« Previous   Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 .... 220 221 222   Next »

Add multiple items to inquiry
Select the items and then press Add to inquiry button

Select all | Clear all Sort by

Start a Production Business of Low Relaxation Pre-stressed Concrete Steel Strand (LRPC)

From the 1950s onward, Low Relaxation Due to its distinctive advantages, pre-stressed concrete steel strand has become more and more common in the construction business. Minimal relaxation Steel utilized in the construction sector is called pre-stressed concrete steel strand. This kind of steel is renowned for having a high strength and little relaxation. Applications involving pre-stressed concrete frequently use LRPC steel strand. These steel's high strength, low relaxation characteristics, and corrosion resistance are its key advantages. The steel is a great option for use in structural applications because it is also resistant to corrosion and has a high fatigue strength. LRP is superior to other kinds of steel in a number of ways, including its resistance to corrosion and capacity to keep its shape under heavy loads. In comparison to other forms of steel, it has a variety of advantages, including a high strength-to-weight ratio, low relaxation properties, and corrosion resistance. Pre-stressed steel strands' primary qualities include high strength, good relaxation performance, and a generally straight appearance when unfurled. Common grades of steel with high tensile strength include those with yield strengths of 1860, 1720, and 1770 MPa. Minimal relaxation a form of steel used in pre-stressed concrete is called steel strand. Because it has a low relaxation rate, it holds its tension longer than other kinds of steel. This makes it perfect for usage in highly stressed concrete constructions like bridges and buildings. Minimal relaxation Pre-stressed Concrete Steel Strand is a fantastic option for outdoor applications since it resists corrosion better than other kinds of steel. Uses and Application Pre-stressed concrete is a process of adding high-strength steel strands or bars, often known as pre-stressing tendons, to concrete or other building materials to reinforce them. Pre-stressing is intended to increase the material's stability and tensile strength. Minimal relaxation a pre-stressing technique that has several benefits over conventional pre-stressing techniques is pre-stressed concrete steel strand. High-strength, low-relaxation pre-stressed concrete steel strand is used in pre-tensioning and post-tensioning, among other applications. Minimal relaxation Compared to conventional pre-stressed concrete, pre-stressed concrete steel strand has a variety of advantages, including better ductility, a higher yield strength, and more resilience to fatigue and creep. It is frequently applied in the construction sector. It has a variety of advantages that make it the best option for numerous applications. 1. Because of its strength and durability, it is ideal for use in constructions that must be able to withstand a lot of stress. 2. It has a high level of corrosion resistance, making it more durable than other kinds of steel. 3. You don't need to be concerned about fractures or issues with your building caused by climatic changes because it doesn't contract or expand when exposed to moisture. 4. Regardless of financial restrictions, any project can employ this type of steel because it is so reasonably priced. Indian Market During the projected period of 2019–2024, the pre-stressed concrete steel strand market is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 5.5%. Pre-stressed concrete steel strand is anticipated to have the greatest market in the Asia-Pacific region, followed by North America and Europe. The expansion of the construction sector in nations like China, India, and Japan is primarily responsible for the growth in the Asia-Pacific area. In the coming years, a sizable increase in demand for low relaxation pre-stressed concrete steel strand is anticipated in India. This is a result of the growing need for infrastructure development as well as the want for quicker and more effective construction techniques. Pre-stressed concrete steel strand is in high demand in India due to the country's burgeoning building market. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Jindal Steel & Power 2.Tata Steel 3.SAIL 4.Limited Company (Ltd. / Pvt. Ltd.)
Plant capacity: Low Relaxation Pre-stressed Concrete Steel Strand (LRPC):83.3 MT Per Day Plant & machinery: 3561 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:5370 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 49.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Set Up Banana Ripening Chamber

A controlled environment where temperature, humidity, and ventilation may be adjusted to hasten the ripening of bananas is known as a "banana ripening chamber." Controlling the ripeness of your bananas is easy with a banana ripening chamber. The chamber regulates the temperature, humidity, and ventilation to produce the ideal environment for bananas to ripen. The ripening process can be sped up or slowed down in the chamber by adjusting these variables. Increase the temperature in the chamber and decrease airflow by closing vents to hasten the ripening of your bananas. Reduce the temperature in the chamber and boost ventilation by opening vents to prolong the ripening of your bananas. Fruit one of the fruits that ripens best off the plant is the banana. Bananas for domestic use are cut green and stored in moist, shady settings to ripen gradually even in tropical growing regions. The starch in bananas transforms into sugar as they ripen. So, a banana will taste sweeter the riper it is. Using ethylene gas to artificially ripen bananas is a common commercial practice. The natural development of fruits is sped up by a chemical made by the fruits. It's crucial to keep an eye on the temperature while fruit ripens. Typically, a temperature range of 14.5 C to 16.5 C will be suitable. Types of Bananas: 1. Ice Cream Banana Tree. 2. Cavendish Banana. 3. Manzano Banana. 4. Dwarf Cavendish Banana. 5. Dwarf Plantain. Uses and Application A controlled environment with regulated humidity and temperature is known as a "banana ripening chamber." Bananas can ripen uniformly and securely in the chamber since it replicates the tropical environments where they are farmed. Other fruits including avocados, mangoes, and papayas can also be allowed to ripen in chambers. The majority of the time, bananas are harvested when they are still green and unripe and then transferred to a facility where they are placed in ripening chambers. The chamber regulates the environment's temperature and humidity, hastening the bananas' ripening. To ensure that your bananas are ripe when you want them to be, controlling the ripening process is easy with a banana ripening chamber. Additionally, it can be applied to additional fruits and vegetables. You may significantly increase the shelf life of your bananas by using a ripening chamber. You can keep bananas fresh for up to two weeks if you allow them to ripen in a controlled setting. Also, additional fruits and vegetables can be kept in ripening chambers. Indian Market Banana ripening chamber sales in India are expanding quickly. This is because there is a growing market for fresh bananas, and they must ripen in a controlled atmosphere. Controlling the ripening of bananas is easy and successful with a banana ripening chamber. You can guarantee that your bananas are ripe and prepared for consumption when you want them by managing the temperature and humidity. Many tropical and subtropical regions of India produce a significant amount of bananas as a fruit crop. A total of 29,779.91 thousand tons are produced annually in India, where it is grown on an area of 830.5 thousand acres. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka are the principal banana-producing states. The greatest market for banana ripening chambers is anticipated to be in the Asia-Pacific region, followed by North America and Europe. The market for banana ripening chambers is anticipated to develop as a result of the rising demand for bananas and the rising demand for controlled environment storage. Although numerous businesses produce these chambers, there is still a sizable market for them. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Fully automatic system 2.Carbide free technology 3.User friendly design
Plant capacity: Ripe Banana:8 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 32 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:193 Lakhs
Return: 23.00%Break even: 63.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Manufacturing Business of Double Wall Corrugated Pipes | Great Investment Opportunity

The material used to create double wall corrugated (DWC) pipes is high-density polyethylene (HDPE). They feature a smooth inner wall and an outside wall with corrugations. The pipe's corrugations provide it strength and stiffness, and its smooth inner wall improves water flow. The sizes, lengths, and thicknesses of DWC pipes vary. DWC (double wall corrugated) pipes are a sturdy and long-lasting option for irrigation systems. DWC pipes are constructed from two layers of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), one of which is corrugated and the other of which is smooth. Superior strength and flexibility are provided by this design, which also offers defense against damage from root incursion. If you wish to create your own sprinkler system or even utilize it as part of a bigger commercial application, DWC pipes work well in both gravity flow and pressure flow applications. Longevity is a hallmark of these pipes. To meet your demands, DWC pipes come in a range of sizes and lengths. Because they have an air space that acts as insulation against freezing water, which can lead to pipe breaks, WC pipes are great for protecting against frost. To boost strength and resistance to abrasion when buried underground, the interior of the pipe is ribbed. An underground drainage system using double wall corrugated (DWC) pipes is intended to remove extra water from the area around your property. It is an eco-friendly product that combines steel's tensile strength with plastic's resistance to corrosion. The pipe's corrugations provide it stiffness and strength, and its smooth inner layer facilitates simple water movement. Uses and Application 1. Double wall corrugated (DWC) pipes are best for irrigation systems that are buried underground. 2. DWC pipes are strong and corrosion-resistant due to their high-density polyethylene (HDPE) construction. 3. DWC pipes have a smooth inside surface that promotes greater water flow and less clogging. 4. To match your needs, DWC pipes come in a range of sizes and lengths. 5. Double wall corrugated pipe can be purchased in rolls or sections, making it simple to use on your own land. 6. Weep holes are constructed into the interior of a DWC pipe to help minimise pooling, stop roots from sprouting inside the pipe, and lessen clogs at low areas in the ground. 7. DWC pipes are seamless and available in black, grey, white, green, and blue, among other hues. 8. A variety of soil types, including clayey soils, sandy soils, salty soils, and loamy soils, can be drained using DWC pipes. 9. Despite being built of HDPE, they are not fragile, making it simple to cut them using hand tools like hacksaws. 10. In fact, most sectors, including breweries, use these pipes due to their longevity in their applications. 11. These pipes are affordable and quite simple to install. Indian Market Over the projection period, it is anticipated that the market for double wall corrugated pipes will expand at a CAGR of 5.5%. (2019-2024). the necessity for affordable and long-lasting piping systems, as well as the rising need for water and wastewater management, are the main factors driving this industry. The need for double-wall corrugated pipes is rising across a variety of industries, including construction, water treatment, municipal drainage, and others, which is what is driving the market expansion. One kind of plastic pipes created from high-density polyethylene is HDPE double-wall corrugated pipe. It is appropriate for application in a variety of industries, including the oil and gas, chemical, food processing, and beverage processing industries, thanks to its outstanding chemical and temperature resistant capabilities. Due to HDPE's exceptional flexibility, it can be installed in confined locations where other piping materials cannot. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Jain Irrigation Systems 2.POLIECO 3.ADS 4.KUZEYBORU 5.Corma Inc. 6.TIJARIA 7.Bina Plastic Industries Sdn Bhd 8.Euro EM 9.Pars Ethylene Kish 10. RESINTECH 11. WEIDA 12. HEBEISH 13. REHAU 14. VESBO 15. JM Eagle 16. Junxing Pipe Group 17. Rong Long Building Materials, 18. Oregon Plastic Tubing, 19. Contech Engineered, 20. Dura-Line (Audax Group), 21. Plasson USA, 22. WL Plastics, 23. Chevron Phillips Chemical, 24. Crumpler Plastic Pipe,
Plant capacity: Double Wall Corrugated Pipes:20 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 449 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1271 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 49.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Manufacturing Business of Double Wall Corrugated Pipes Great|Investment Opportunity

The material used to create double wall corrugated (DWC) pipes is high-density polyethylene (HDPE). They feature a smooth inner wall and an outside wall with corrugations. The pipe's corrugations provide it strength and stiffness, and its smooth inner wall improves water flow. The sizes, lengths, and thicknesses of DWC pipes vary. DWC (double wall corrugated) pipes are a sturdy and long-lasting option for irrigation systems. DWC pipes are constructed from two layers of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), one of which is corrugated and the other of which is smooth. Superior strength and flexibility are provided by this design, which also offers defense against damage from root incursion. If you wish to create your own sprinkler system or even utilize it as part of a bigger commercial application, DWC pipes work well in both gravity flow and pressure flow applications. Longevity is a hallmark of these pipes. To meet your demands, DWC pipes come in a range of sizes and lengths. Because they have an air space that acts as insulation against freezing water, which can lead to pipe breaks, WC pipes are great for protecting against frost. To boost strength and resistance to abrasion when buried underground, the interior of the pipe is ribbed. An underground drainage system using double wall corrugated (DWC) pipes is intended to remove extra water from the area around your property. It is an eco-friendly product that combines steel's tensile strength with plastic's resistance to corrosion. The pipe's corrugations provide it stiffness and strength, and its smooth inner layer facilitates simple water movement. Uses and Application 1. Double wall corrugated (DWC) pipes are best for irrigation systems that are buried underground. 2. DWC pipes are strong and corrosion-resistant due to their high-density polyethylene (HDPE) construction. 3. DWC pipes have a smooth inside surface that promotes greater water flow and less clogging. 4. To match your needs, DWC pipes come in a range of sizes and lengths. 5. Double wall corrugated pipe can be purchased in rolls or sections, making it simple to use on your own land. 6. Weep holes are constructed into the interior of a DWC pipe to help minimise pooling, stop roots from sprouting inside the pipe, and lessen clogs at low areas in the ground. 7. DWC pipes are seamless and available in black, grey, white, green, and blue, among other hues. 8. A variety of soil types, including clayey soils, sandy soils, salty soils, and loamy soils, can be drained using DWC pipes. 9. Despite being built of HDPE, they are not fragile, making it simple to cut them using hand tools like hacksaws. 10. In fact, most sectors, including breweries, use these pipes due to their longevity in their applications. 11. These pipes are affordable and quite simple to install. Indian Market Over the projection period, it is anticipated that the market for double wall corrugated pipes will expand at a CAGR of 5.5%. (2019-2024). the necessity for affordable and long-lasting piping systems, as well as the rising need for water and wastewater management, are the main factors driving this industry. The need for double-wall corrugated pipes is rising across a variety of industries, including construction, water treatment, municipal drainage, and others, which is what is driving the market expansion. One kind of plastic pipes created from high-density polyethylene is HDPE double-wall corrugated pipe. It is appropriate for application in a variety of industries, including the oil and gas, chemical, food processing, and beverage processing industries, thanks to its outstanding chemical and temperature resistant capabilities. Due to HDPE's exceptional flexibility, it can be installed in confined locations where other piping materials cannot. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Jain Irrigation Systems 2.POLIECO 3.ADS 4.KUZEYBORU 5.Corma Inc. 6.TIJARIA 7.Bina Plastic Industries Sdn Bhd 8.Euro EM 9.Pars Ethylene Kish 10. RESINTECH 11. WEIDA 12. HEBEISH 13. REHAU 14. VESBO 15. JM Eagle 16. Junxing Pipe Group 17. Rong Long Building Materials, 18. Oregon Plastic Tubing, 19. Contech Engineered, 20. Dura-Line (Audax Group), 21. Plasson USA, 22. WL Plastics, 23. Chevron Phillips Chemical, 24. Crumpler Plastic Pipe,
Plant capacity: Double Wall Corrugated Pipes:20 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 449 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1271 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 49.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Setting Up Mini Steel Plant (Billets and TMT Bar)

An integrated steel mill, which creates and refines iron and steel, is scaled down to create a micro steel factory. Due to its lower investment costs and flexibility, the micro steel plant, a novel idea in the steel industry, has gained appeal recently. Mini steel plants come in a wide variety, each with unique benefits and drawbacks. Concrete, blocks, bars, tools, angles, girders, pipes, gears, and technical items can all be made using steel long products. Steel is the collective name for a class of ferrous metals that are the most practical metallic materials that have ever existed due to its availability, durability, adaptability, and low cost. Plain carbon and mild steel is typically used in civil and allied work, and the majority of the carbon steels employed have tensile strengths of between 36 and 40 t/in2. The characteristics of steel are primarily governed by its carbon content. Due to its affordability in meeting general requirements, reasonably high strength, and other features like yield point, elongation, and reduction percentages, etc., a 0.40% carbon steel is of utmost importance. An integrated steel mill is substantially larger than a tiny steel plant, which is a facility used to produce steel. They often employ local labor and raw materials and are situated in rural areas. The building sector often uses the final goods. With equipment costing roughly $1 million of that total, it may be put up for as little as $2 million. In contrast to a large-scale operation, a tiny steel plant produces steel on a smaller scale. These factories are often built to produce a particular kind or assortment of steel items. Uses and Application The tiny steel plant is a flexible tool that may be applied to numerous tasks. Cutting rebar, angle iron, square tubing, pipe, and flat stock, as well as punching holes in steel plate, are some of its most popular uses. The tiny steel plant can also be used to cut custom forms out of sheet metal and shear plate and bar stock. This machine is a great investment for any fabrication firm thanks to its versatility. A tiny steel plant has a variety of applications. 1. Small steel goods like nails, screws, and other fasteners can be made using it. 2. It can be utilized to make bigger products for construction projects, like beams and columns. 3. Mini steel plants are frequently used to test new manufacturing techniques or prototype new designs. 4. Scrap metal can be processed using it to create brand-new, useful steel. 5. Custom metal goods can also be made with it and used in a range of sectors. 6. Mini steel plants are adaptable and can be customized to your company's unique requirements. There are several uses for these items, including: 1. Construction. 2. Manufacturing 3. Automotive A tiny steel plant can enable you to produce high-quality steel products and is an excellent way to break into the steel sector. Indian Market By 2025, the size of the world's steel market is anticipated to be $1.01 trillion, growing at a CAGR of 2.6%. Steel demand in prospective residential projects and industrial infrastructure is being driven by contractors' growing preference for affordable, durable, and environmental building materials. Steel products are utilized extensively in a variety of end-use industries, including construction, automotive, oil & gas, shipbuilding, and electrical & electronics, due to its high strength and long-lasting mechanical qualities. To meet application-specific requirements, a wide range of steel grades are produced utilizing two typical production techniques, namely the blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) and electric arc furnace (EAF). The excess caused by the expansion of production capacity by key players, antidumping tariffs, and escalating trade restrictions in a number of nations are the major challenges facing the worldwide market for steel goods. The trade conflict between the US and China is also anticipated to have an impact on market expansion throughout the forecast period. The global market for steel products is anticipated to rise as a result of the construction industry's recovery in developed and emerging nations alike. Currently, there is a transition taking place in the Indian steel sector. In the upcoming years, the country's demand for steel is anticipated to rise as a result of infrastructure improvement and expansion in the building and automotive industries. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL) 2.VISA Steel 3.Essar Steel 4.TATA Steel 5.JSW Steel 6.Bhushan Steel 7.MESCO Steel 8.FACOR Steel 9.Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) 10.Jindal Steel and Power
Plant capacity: Steel Billets:150 MT Per Day (Size 100mm x 100mm to 180mm x 180 mm Sections of Max. 6 meter length)TMT Steel Bars (Rebar):150 MT Per Day (Size DB 8 to 40 mm) Plant & machinery: 5445 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:10417 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 37.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Manufacturing Business Of LPG Cylinders

Liquefied petroleum gas is transported in pressurized LPG cylinders (LPG). The flammable hydrocarbon gas known as LPG is made from either natural gas or crude oil. It is a limited resource. LPG comes in two varieties: propane and butane. Naphtha is a type of fuel that is used as the main raw material to make LPG. A steel pressure vessel with an internal volume capacity of 1,000 to 100,000 gallons (3,785 to 378,540 liters) with a cylindrical shape measuring 12 inches (30 cm) in diameter by 60 inches (152 cm) height is the most popular way to store propane. They come in various shapes and sizes, ranging from tiny canisters that fit in a car's trunk to enormous tanks that may be used to fuel a house or place of business. At first, these companies' distribution networks were limited to metropolitan regions, but as society's living standards rapidly improve, the demand for LP gas is rising sharply. The demand for LPG cylinders will continue to rise as more LP bottling plants are opened by private sector businesses. Additionally, it has recently been announced to provide small size cylinders with 5 Kg capacities to the rural population in order to boost their economy. With the distribution companies' continued provision of the DBC system to the consumer, the demand for LPG cylinders will also increase. The balance between supply and demand is in favour of demand, which will keep outpacing supply. LPG works well as a fuel alternative in spark ignition engines. Because of its clean burning characteristics, LPG cylinders are in demand because they result in lower exhaust emissions, prolonged lubricant life, and spark. Uses and Application LPG cylinders are employed in a range of contexts, such as residential, commercial, and industrial ones. They can be used for refrigeration, heating, and cooking, among other things. It's crucial to take into account the various LPG cylinder uses and applications before launching an LPG cylinders business. LPG cylinders, for instance, can be used as a burner or to heat water for cooking at home. They may be used for commercial and industrial reasons, such as as fuel for heaters or welding torches. Due to their portability, LPG cylinders are also a popular alternative for caravans and RVs. Construction, agriculture, and the auto industry are just a few of the industries that use LGP cylinders. LPG cylinders are employed in a variety of settings, such as: 1. Domestic; 2. Commercial; and 3. Industrial. Indian Market Over the projected period of 2022–2027, the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) market is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of over 3.5%. The ever-increasing population and the resulting rise in energy consumption, government programmes to encourage the use of clean energy, and consumers' rising preference for LPG cylinders over other energy sources are the main factors driving the market's expansion. The market is also being driven by the rise in the middle class and the proportion of women working. However, the sector is facing difficulties due to the high price of LPG cylinders and a lack of infrastructure. The demand and supply sides are out of balance. The market is primarily being driven by rising LPG consumption and government-backed measures to promote the use of cleaner fuel. The expansion of the LPG market is anticipated to be constrained by the increasing usage of compressed natural gas (CNG) for automobiles and piped natural gas (PNG) for households as alternatives to LPG. LPG storage is another difficult aspect. Domestic LPG often comes in cylinders, which don't offer a continuous supply service and are heavy, highly combustible, and more likely to catch fire in the event of a leak. These factors are anticipated to restrain market expansion over the projection period. The market is primarily being driven by rising LPG consumption and government-backed measures to promote the use of cleaner fuel. The expansion of the LPG market is anticipated to be constrained by the increasing usage of compressed natural gas (CNG) for automobiles and piped natural gas (PNG) for households as alternatives to LPG. LPG storage is another difficult aspect. Domestic LPG often comes in cylinders, which don't offer a continuous supply service and are heavy, highly combustible, and more likely to catch fire in the event of a leak. These factors are anticipated to restrain market expansion over the projection period. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Luxfer Gas Cylinders 2.Hexagon Composites ASA 3.Worthington Cylinders 4.Dragerwerk AG & Co KGaA 5.Time Technoplast 6.Faber Industries P.A. 7.Beijing Tianhai Industry Co 8.Ullit
Plant capacity: LPG Cylinders (14.20 Kgs Size):3,334.0 Nos. per day LPG Cylinders (19 Kgs Size):3,334.0 Nos. per dayPlant & machinery: 911 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:3475 Lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 46.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Setting Up Paint Rollers Manufacturing Business

One of the finest ways to get a professional paint finish is with paint rollers. They can be used on any surface and are simple to use. Additionally, they are quite inexpensive and are available at any hardware shop. A handle attached to one end of the paint roller rotates a cylinder that holds the paint. The surface to be painted is first covered with paint before the roller is dragged across it. Depending on the type of surface you're painting, foam or sponge paint rollers are the most popular; however, nylon and synthetic bristles are also available. A fabric-covered cylindrical tool called a paint roller is used to apply paint evenly to walls and other surfaces. They come in a variety of sizes, with 9 inches (23 cm) broad being the most typical. Most can extend their handle, making it simpler to reach high ceilings and small areas. One of the quickest and simplest ways to apply an even coat of paint to any surface is with a paint roller. Pour the paint into the roller's top and then dab some onto your hands to keep them moist before using. Squeeze extra liquid out over the edge of the bucket or tray after carefully rubbing your hands together until they are totally covered. Make sure to pull back on the roller rather than push it forward when you begin painting so that more paint coats your hand as you descend. A paint roller is a tool for applying paint that is used to quickly and effectively paint big, flat surfaces. The use of paint rollers for painting projects is fairly common. Using paint rollers to apply paint to huge surfaces quickly, simply, and effectively. The three main parts of a paint roller are the core, the adhesive, and the cloth. One of the finest ways to get a professional paint finish is with paint rollers. They can be used on any surface and are simple to use. Additionally, they are accessible at most hardware stores and are reasonably priced. Uses and Application One of the most adaptable and simple-to-use painting tools is the paint roller. They can be applied to many different things, such as walls, ceilings, trim, and even cabinets. Additionally, they offer a polished paint finish that you can be proud of. Additionally, they create a professional paint finish that brushes simply cannot. One of the simplest and quickest ways to apply paint and achieve an even, polished finish is with a roller. Additionally, it is less untidy than the standard painting technique. An explanation of how to use paint rollers is provided below: 1) Pour warm water into your bucket. 2) Remove extra liquid from your paint roller cover by squeezing it. 3) Don your protective gear, such as a mask and gloves. 4. Locate a location where you can set up your base; a drop cloth or painter's tape will work. 5) Use water to wet your roller by swishing it around. 6) Squeeze some paint onto your roller. 7) Begin at one edge of your area. 8) While rolling, hold down the top half of the roller. 9) Continue rolling until all surfaces have been coated. 10)Clean your brush. 11)Praise yourself for a job well done. Indian Market The market for paint rollers exceeded USD 3.1 billion in 2021, and it is anticipated to expand at a rate of about 6.3% CAGR from 2022 to 2028. The expansion of the sector is being driven by an increase in remodeling and new construction around the world. By 2028, industry shipments are anticipated to total 1,183.6 million units. The market has switched from using paintbrushes to rollers during the past few years, and its demand is expected to increase significantly. The market for paint rollers is expanding more quickly due to rising structural reform initiatives and changing consumer demands for uniform painting in less time. The extensive use of paint rollers in industries including building, furniture, and appliances is the main factor fueling the market's expansion. During the study period, market expansion is anticipated to occur at a high rate due to the expanding construction industry and rising investment in residential and commercial construction projects. In addition, growing demand for sophisticated, high-quality paint rollers is anticipated to open up lucrative opportunities for market participants over the next few years. Industry Major Market Players: 1. Purdy 2. Premier 3. The Wooster Brush Company 4. Peta 5. Monterey Mill 6. Benjamin Moore & Co. 7. Roll Roy 8. VACTECH Composites 9. Pro Roller 10. RollerLite 11. Beorol 12. Tongcheng City 13. Marshall 14. Foam PRO 15. Dynamic 16. Gordon Brush Mfg. Co. Inc.
Plant capacity: Paint Roller:8,000 Pcs Per Day Plant & machinery: 34 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:227 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 61.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Set a Creamy Peanut Butter Production Business

A variety of peanut butter with a smooth texture is called creamy peanut butter. Smooth and simple to spread, creamy peanut butter is one variety of the nut. It is produced with roasted peanuts that have been mashed into a paste. Typically, peanuts are ground along with a little bit of salt, sugar, and oil. Different brands use different proportions of these ingredients, but some common ones include 85% peanuts to 15% sugar and 80% peanuts to 20% oil. There are also sweetened variations with added ingredients like honey or agave nectar. A culinary paste formed from pulverised nuts or peanuts is known as creamy peanut butter. It consists mostly of cleaned, graded, blanched, roasted, and crushed groundnuts that are high in protein and contain approximately 25% of fat, making it a very nutrient-dense diet. India must investigate all of the groundnut's quality qualities and make the most of them because it ranks first in the world in terms of both groundnut output and area. The top groundnut-producing nations worldwide include Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Burma, India, China, and the United States. These nations account for 69% of the global area and 70% of the global production, which total 18.9 million hectares and 17.8 million tonnes, respectively. India has the top spot in the globe in terms of both area and output. It is planted on around 7.5 million hectares each year, producing about 6 million tonnes. Most grocery stores carry it, and people frequently use it in baking and sandwiches. Uses and Application A versatile food, peanut butter can be prepared in a number of different ways. It can be spread on toast, used as a fruit dip, or even blended with other ingredients to add protein to smoothies. Additionally, it's a fantastic source of vitamins and good fats. Creamy peanut butter is mostly used as a sandwich spread, and because of its high lipid and protein content, it has emerged as a key ingredient in ready-to-use therapeutic foods used to treat AIDS patients and childhood malnutrition, especially in underdeveloped countries. A popular commodity used for cooking in many families is historically peanut butter, a smooth paste made from crushing roasted peanuts. The paste is used to prepare a variety of side dishes as well as cooked with vegetables, pearled sorghum, and maize. • Using peanut butter to make sandwiches • In the manufacture of confections and bread goods • 94% of consumers spread the product. • 74% use it by itself in a sandwich. • 71% of people utilise the product in between meals. • 40% is combined with meat or jelly in sandwiches. • Candies use 32% of it. • 25% are used to flavour food items. Indian Market The market for peanut butter is projected to increase at a CAGR of 6.60% and reach $7.19 billion by 2029. The market is anticipated to increase strongly between 2022 and 2027, according to additional estimates. During the projected period, peanut butter spread during meals is expected to gain popularity among consumers and support market expansion. This might be due to the convenience of peanut butter consumption, which can be spread or topped on a variety of foods including bread and crackers, among others. Additionally, peanut butter is used to prepare a wide range of foods, including baked products like cakes and cookies, as well as drinks like milkshakes and smoothies. The Aztecs are credited with inventing peanut butter, a culinary spread derived mostly from crushed, dry-roasted peanuts. Due to the heart-healthy monounsaturated fat that it contains, it is extensively consumed for both its nutritional benefits and flavor. It is the best replacement for milk butter. Global health awareness is rising dramatically as a result of the market expansion. The global demand for peanut butter is being driven by the rising trend of health consciousness and the rising demand for high protein food products among young people and millennials. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Unilever (UK) 2.Procter & Gamble (US) 3.The J.M. Smucker Company (US) 4.Hormel Foods Corporation (US) 5.Boulder Brands (US) 6.The Kraft Heinz Company (US) 7.Algood Food Co. (US) 8.Conagra Brands, Inc. (US) 9.Britannia Dairy Private Limited (Bengaluru) 10.Hormel Foods Corporation (US), 11.Justin's, LLC (US) 12.The Leavitt Corporation (US) 13.DiSano (India) 14.Alpino (India) 15.Pintola (India)
Plant capacity: Creamy Peanut Butter:10,000 Kgs per dayPlant & machinery: 128 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1038 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 44.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Production Business Of Moringa Leaf Powder

With an annual production of 2.2 million tons of delicate fruits from an area of 43,600 ha, India is the world's biggest producer of moringa (drumstick), with a yield of about 51 tons per ha. Andhra Pradesh is the most productive state, both in terms of area and production, followed by Tamil Nadu (13042 hectares) and Karnataka (10,280 ha). It covers a total area of 4,613 acres in various states. The single genus in the family Moringaceae, Moringa, contains the most frequently farmed species, Moringaoleifera. Common names in English for the plant include horseradish tree, drumstick tree, ben oil tree, and benzoyl tree. These names refer to the plant's long, thin, triangular seed pods (from the oil which is derived from the seeds). The miracle tree is another name for the moringa tree. The therapeutic qualities of the tree extend to its leaves, fruit, sap, oil, roots, bark, seeds, pod, and flowers. There are numerous uses for the tree's byproducts. It is additionally called the "drumstick tree." Asia, Africa, and South America are where it is most prevalent. The nutritional value of the moringa leaves is so high that it surpasses that of carrots, oranges, and even milk. Given their versatility and ability to be incorporated into the diet in numerous ways, the leaves are used in Indian cuisine in a variety of ways. The most popular ways to eat them are as veggies for stir-fries and as an addition to juices. The moringa leaves have no negative effects when taken in their natural state. In various places of the world, the moringa plant provides a significant food source. Moringa is utilized in India and Africa in feeding programmers to combat hunger since it is inexpensive and simple to grow and the dried leaves retain a wealth of vitamins and minerals. While the seeds from more mature pods are removed and cooked like peas or roasted like nuts, the immature green pods (drumsticks) are eaten similarly to green beans. The leaves can be dried, powdered, and used as a garnish in addition to being cooked and utilized like spinach. In several places of the world, Moringa is a key food source. Uses and Application Moringa powder can be used as: 1. A disinfectant to clean up polluted surfaces. It works well against a variety of bacteria and fungi, including those responsible for stomach cancer and ulcers. 2. Moringa powder is also used to cure a number of other ailments, such as diabetes and hypertension as well as typhoid and malaria. Its wide range of chemicals are assumed to be behind its advantageous benefits. 3. Moringa's bark, sap, roots, leaves, seeds, oil, and flowers are all utilized in traditional medicine across a number of nations. 4. The plant's thicker root has historically been used to make horseradish. 5. They are used as pickles for flavoring and as the greens in salads. 6. Moringa leaves can also be used to wash walls and cleanse dishes. 7. The plant has been used to treat and prevent a number of illnesses. 8. According to certain scientific studies, it is thought to have antibiotic-like effects. 9. Moringa seeds are used to produce oil that may be used to prepare a range of foods. Indian Market During the five-year period ending in 2028, the market for moringa products is anticipated to develop at a CAGR of 9.20%, reaching a value of USD 9.4 billion. The moringa tree, which is indigenous to India, is used to make a variety of products, including pills, soaps, powders, oils, and seeds. Customers are becoming more aware of herbal goods and their many advantages, which has inspired them to look for natural, nutritionally-balanced products. Due to its antibacterial and antioxidant characteristics, this has led to the product's inclusion in numerous food products for fortification and preservation. The tree's resistance to drought and ability to deter pests make it important for agriculture as well. Additionally, it is projected that rising desire for natural pesticides, expanding understanding of health and fitness, and rising demand for organic products would all support market expansion. Food supplements are in greater demand as a result of growing awareness of: • Nutrition • Growing geriatric population, • Hectic lifestyle, • And rising disposable income shall foster the moringa ingredients market growth. By 2025, the market for moringa leaf powder ingredients is projected to reach a value of over USD 6 billion due to rising demand in the nutritional supplement and food industries. The market size is anticipated to benefit from the use of leaves and leaf powder for the treatment of fever, arthritis, and other illnesses. Industry Major Market Players: 1. Ancient Green Fields 2. Moringa Agro 3. Aayuritz Phytonutrients Pvt. Ltd 4. Santan India 5. Green Virgin Products 6. Kuli Kuli 7. Sattva Veda 8. Moringa Oleifera GmbH 9. Organic Veda 10. KV Natural Ingredients 11. Dominate Industries 12. Moringa Initiative Ltd 13. Green Era Foods & Nutraceutics 14. Sarvaayush Ayurved & Herbals 15. Conn oils LLC 16. Santan India 17. All Herb scare 18. Herbs and Crops Overseas
Plant capacity: Moringa Leaf Powder:1,000 Kg Per DayPlant & machinery: 55 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:189 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 59.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Manufacturing Business of Biodegradable Disposable Cups and Plates (Tableware) Using Sugarcane Bagasse

Bagasse is mainly found in nations with significant sugar production, such as Brazil, Vietnam, China, or Thailand. Bagasse was primarily utilized as a fuel for the manufacturing facilities. A portion of the bagasse is still utilized today for the ovens in the industries. However, as people began to recycle items, bagasse's worth also rose. These days, it is utilized to make throwaway dinnerware, packaging, and building materials. The production of napkins, toilet paper, and cardboards in the paper sector has also begun to switch from wood fiber to sugarcane fibers. Products made from sugarcane bagasse are the best option for environmentally friendly, biodegradable food packaging. These biodegradable disposable takeaways are sometimes referred to as green food packaging because they are so convenient for food takeaways. The environment and our health both benefit from these non-plastic food containers. One of the most significant issues for everyone who aspires to lead an eco-friendly lifestyle is waste disposal. So many items that we use every day end up in the trash, at the bottom of landfills, or being downcycled into less valuable goods. This is especially true of plastic, which is one of the materials that harms the environment the most during both production and disposal. Finding plastic substitutes that can be produced without the use of petrochemicals and that can be disposed of properly has recently become the focus of research. Bagasse is one of these possibilities. From Sugarcanes to Sustainable Tableware The sweet grass family includes sugarcanes (Saccharum officinarum), which thrive in tropical and subtropical climate zones. The plants have a stem diameter of 2 to 4, 5 cm, and they are 3 to 5 meters tall. They are the primary provider of raw materials for the manufacture of (retail) sugar. The sugarcanes are harvested, gathered, and pressed to provide sucrose or sugarcane juice for this use. 10 tons of sugar and 34 tons of valuable bagasse are produced from 100 tons of sugarcane. Manufacturers boost the material's value and create disposable eco-friendly products rather than burning this "waste product." Uses and Application Bagasse is used to make bio-based goods and as a source of renewable energy. Bamboo, soft woods, and other traditional fibrous raw materials had long been used in the paper industry all over the world. However, due to a global lack of these raw materials, the paper industry has been looking at alternatives for fibrous raw materials, particularly agricultural waste products like bagasse. At the start of the twenty-first century, paper professionals from all around the world had virtually universally agreed that bagasse, when properly shown, was the ideal raw material for the production of various types of paper, newsprint, etc. For the production of pulp, paper, and board, bagasse is frequently used as a substitute for wood in many tropical and subtropical nations, including India, China, Colombia, Iran, Thailand, and Argentina. It creates pulp with physical qualities that are suitable for making tissue products, general-purpose writing and printing papers, and boxes. It is also frequently used to make newspapers and boxes. Indian Market During the anticipated period, the Indian market for tableware made of bagasse will grow at a CAGR of around 9%. The bagasse plates market is expected to reach the valuation of US$ 322 MN by 2029. Products derived from sugarcane bagasse that are used for dinnerware have been determined to be extremely sanitary. Companies in the worldwide bagasse plates market now have new revenue potential thanks to the pandemic's rising demand for disposable plates. The market for bagasse plates is expected to increase in the coming months and years as more people become environmentally concerned. New eco-friendly throwaway plate designs will be introduced at the forefront of R&D break through. The market for bagasse plates is anticipated to grow from a volume of 1,939 million units in 2021 to surpass 2,990 million units produced by 2029. The use of bagasse in food packaging is growing in popularity. Despite its high level of tolerance to both hot and cold temperatures, it has been discovered. ? Products made from bagasse are popular and valued as an eco-friendly substitute for plastic tableware. Dinnerware constructed of sugarcane waste, also known as bagasse or sugarcane fibre, is an environmentally beneficial alternative to tableware made of polystyrene and Styrofoam. These goods, which are often referred to as sugarcane biodegradable tableware, are lightweight, recyclable, and have other distinctive qualities. Plates, cups, bowls, trays, and cutlery made of bagasse are highly sought-after in the food and beverage business. Industry Major Market Players: 1.Pactiv Evergreen Inc. 2.Genpak, LLC 3.Vegware US 4.Dart Container Corporation 5.Karat by Lollicup 6.Green Good USA 7.Eco-Products, Inc. 8.Natural Tableware 9.Material Motion, Inc. 10.Duni Group AB 11.Bio Futura B.V 12.Ecoriti 13.Detpak (Detmold Group) 14.Pappco Green ware 15.Green weimo 16.Greenvale Eco Products 17.Geokriti Resources Pvt Ltd 18.Deveuro Paper Products LLP 19.Jinhua Zhongsheng Fiber Products Co., Ltd 20.Shenzhen Zhiben Environmental Protection Technology Group Co., Ltd.
Plant capacity: Biodegradable Disposable Cups:555.5 Th. Pcs Per Day Biodegradable Disposable Plates:312.5 Th. Pcs Per DayPlant & machinery: 1924 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:2789 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 46.00%
Add to Inquiry Add to Inquiry Basket

Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

Add multiple items to inquiry
Select the items and then press Add to inquiry button

Page 220 of 222 | Total 2218 projects in this category
« Previous   Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 .... 220 221 222   Next »

About NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES

Hide »

NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.

Our various services are: Detailed Project Report, Business Plan for Manufacturing Plant, Start-up Ideas, Business Ideas for Entrepreneurs, Start up Business Opportunities, entrepreneurship projects, Successful Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and Revenue, Pre-feasibility study for Profitable Manufacturing Business, Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Business Opportunities, Investment Opportunities for Most Profitable Business in India, Manufacturing Business Ideas, Preparation of Project Profile, Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Selection of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable Small Scale Business.

NPCS also publishes varies process technology, technical, reference, self employment and startup books, directory, business and industry database, bankable detailed project report, market research report on various industries, small scale industry and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and project consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

^ Top