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Best Business Opportunities in Libya, Africa - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

What are the Natural Resources in Libya?

Libya, with its huge natural wealth, may be termed North Africa's best-kept secret. Libya is 80 percent desert (mainly Sahara), but it is anything but hidden, since it is positioned near to two of the world's largest bodies of water and has one of the world's largest oil reserves. Iron ore, manganese, chromium ore, asbestos, and gypsum are all abundant in the country. It contains untapped mineral resources worth an estimated $200 billion! Natural gas reserves are also plentiful. Libya, in reality, has more than 35 trillion cubic feet of proven gas reserves, making it the sixth largest in the world. As if that weren't enough, Libyan soil has significant amounts of copper and gold. According to estimates from the United States Geological Survey, Only off Libya's Mediterranean coast can you find up to 200 million barrels of crude oil! Libyans should have no trouble making money for years to come with all of these natural resources at their disposal. Consider how you might profit from these important commodities if you want your business idea to flourish in Libya. Is it possible that your company will specialise in mineral extraction or petroleum processing? Perhaps it will entail the transport of commodities across international waters? Or perhaps it will provide some form of agricultural service? You can expect that Libya's enormous natural resources will play a key part in your company's success, regardless of what you do.

 

What are the Business Opportunities in Libya

Libya used to be renowned for having Africa's highest Human Development Index. The discovery of gas and oil in the 1950s transformed the country into one of the richest in the region, and effectively made it Africa's third richest country. Libya has progressed in our health as a result of the finding of hydrocarbon wealth. The answer is complex and varies depending on how much danger you're willing to accept. If you're interested in trading, investing in Libya, or importing/exporting goods from/to the country, there have been various new laws implemented since 2011 that have streamlined trade permits and import/export restrictions. Foreign corporations can now own 100% of their Libyan subsidiaries (up from 60% previously), although Libyan residents must still own the majority of them. As Foreign companies with a minimum capitalization of $50,000 can also open completely owned subsidiaries in Libya as of 2015. There are plenty of local business opportunities for investors hoping to profit from Libya's reconstruction effort:

 

Reasons for starting a business in Libya

Libya's economy is based on free market principles. Petroleum, petroleum products, natural gas, and petrochemicals are all produced and exported. The working force numbers over 5 million people, with women accounting for 52% of the workforce, and unemployment is at 20%. If you want to start a business in Libya but don't know where to start, this is the place to go.

The Libyan economy is mostly based on oil profits, which account for 80% of export earnings, 45% of GDP, and 90% of government revenues. Oil production expansion aided in accelerating economic growth from 1.4 percent per year between 1969 and 1999 to 4.1 percent per year between 2000 and 2008. Reasons for getting started

 

Business-Friendly Policies and Government Initiatives;

As a new entrepreneur, you may be wondering if your country is good for business; as of 2016, enterprises that are at least 51 percent Libyan-owned, employ at least 100 people, and have at least $1 million in paid-up capital are eligible to apply for an operating licence. A business that meets these requirements will be granted a five-year license; businesses with fewer than 100 employees will be granted a four-year license. In addition, businesses with yearly revenues of less than $10 million can operate without obtaining a licence, but must file annual income tax filings. Currently, all foreign investors who intend to create or acquire a business must comply with Law No. 10/2012 on Investment Promotion. A stake of more than 20% in any corporate entity requires authorization from the General People's Committee on Foreign Investment (GPC). Prior notification is what it's called, and it's issued based on a set of general criteria established by The GPC.

 

Libya Industrial Infrastructure

Libya has a plethora of industrial facilities. It has a well-developed infrastructure within its borders, making it an ideal setting for companies looking to enter Libya's competitive industrial sector. However, before deciding whether or not to do business in Libya, there are various aspects to consider. This will assist you in ensuring that your business has every possibility to succeed and profit while doing so. Here are a few examples of what I'm talking about:

Libya's economy is driven by oil production and exports (80% of GDP), which account for the majority of the country's foreign exchange revenues. Agriculture, industry, and services are the three primary sectors after oil. Agriculture was once a significant element of Libya's economy, but it has since collapsed. During WWII, land was repurposed for different use. It now accounts for only approximately 3% of GDP while employing 12% of the workforce. Fishing also offers sustenance for locals; Libyans devour more fish per capita than anyone else in the planet—roughly 140 pounds per year! In 2010, industry provided 40% of GDP and employed 16% of the workforce. Petroleum products, textiles, apparel, refined petroleum products, chemicals, construction materials, plastics items, and processed foods among its most well-known products. Despite not having as many natural resources as many of its neighbours, Libya has proven deposits of high-grade crude oil that account for nearly all of its export profits.

 

What are the steps for Starting a Business in Libya

Seek guidance and make meticulous plans.

-Applications for permits, licences, and other authorizations are required.

-Decide on the structure of your company.

-Decide on a suitable site for your company.

-Determine finance sources as well as capital needs, such as property and equipment acquisitions or leasing expenditures.

-Draft a start-up plan with cash flow predictions (including a timetable).

-Decide how you'll get the goods and services you'll need for your firm.

-Choose the accounting system that will be used.

-If applicable, finalise contracts with vendors, contractors, employees, landlords, and others.

-Make sure you have both general liability and workers' compensation insurance.

 

Market Size of Libya

The market is expected to be worth more than $30 billion, or more than half of Tunisia's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). To put that in perspective, that is twice the size of Morocco's GDP and three times the size of Egypt's. Consumer spending on health care, education, food and beverage, tourism and travel, telecommunications equipment and services, automotive sales, and construction materials is included in this statistic. Libya's economy has been quickly rising since 2003, and it is anticipated to rise by 8% in 2011. In reality, according to Global Insight, a U.S.-based research organisation, Libya will be among Africa's fastest-growing economies over the next five years, with annual growth averaging 7%.

 

Industrial growth

Libya's GDP was estimated to be $69.75 billion in 2011, accounting for about 1.7 percent of global GDP (GDP). The GDP for 2012 is expected to be around US$39 billion. Libya is expected to have a nominal GDP of more than $100 billion by 2017, and will be one of Africa's top ten economies. Other natural resources include gypsum, limestone, sulphur, marble, and salt, in addition to oil production and export. Libyans consume the most water per capita in Africa, with each Libyan consuming 230 litres a day on average. Libya's GDP was estimated to be $69.75 billion in 2011, accounting for about 1.7 percent of global GDP (GDP). The GDP for 2012 is expected to be around US$39 billion. Libya is expected to have reached a point of no return by the end of the year. It will have a nominal GDP of more than $100 billion, making it one of Africa's top ten economies. Other natural resources include gypsum, limestone, sulphur, marble, and salt, in addition to oil production and export.

We can provide you detailed project reports on the following topics. Please select the projects of your interests.

Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.

Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.

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E-WASTE RECYCLING PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Electronic waste, e-waste, e-scrap, or Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) is a loose category of surplus, obsolete, broken, or discarded electrical or electronic devices. The processing of electronic waste in developing countries is causing serious health and pollution problems due to lack of containment, as do unprotected land filling (due to leaching) and incineration. The Basel Convention and regulation by the European Union and United States aim to reduce these problems. Reuse and recycling of this e-waste are promoted as alternatives to disposal as trash. There are several plants established for this particular purpose where large amount of electronic waste are recycled using the best technologies. A new trend in recycling is reuse of these waste contents. Apart from these new technologies; screening, reuse, granulating, refining, conditioning are also important processes in recycling. There is an estimate that the total obsolete computers originating from government offices, business houses, industries and household is of the order of 2 million. Manufactures and assemblers in a single calendar year, estimated to produce around 1200 tons of electronic scrap. It should be noted that obsolesce rate of personal computers (PC) is one in every two years. The consumers find it convenient to buy a new computer rather than upgrade the old one due to the changing configuration, technology and the attractive offers of the manufacturers. Due to the lack of governmental legislations on e-waste, standards for disposal, proper mechanism for handling these toxic hi-tech products, mostly end up in landfills or partly recycled in a unhygienic conditions and partly thrown into waste streams. Computer waste is generated from the individual households, government, both public and private sectors, computer retailers, manufacturers, foreign embassies, secondary markets of old PCs.etc. Of these, the biggest source of PC scrap is foreign countries that export huge computer waste in the form of reusable components. The scope for e-waste recycling project is very good. New entrepreneurs’ venturing into this field will be successful. Cost Estimation: Capacity : Monitor 10 Pcs. Per Day. Plastic Dana 5.33 MT Per Day E-Waste Recycling Plant Copper Wire Scrap 9 Kgs/Day Glass Scrap From Crt 270 Kgs/Day Other Metal 800 Kgs Per Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 51 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 196 Lakhs (W/C 1 Month)
Return: 47.00%Break even: 40.00%
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PACKAGED DRINKING WATER, SODA WATER AND PET BOTTLES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Cost of Project

Bottled Water means water intended for human consumption and which is sealed in bottles and other containers with no added ingredients except that it may occasionally contain safe anti-microbial agent. Now-a-days safe and pure drinking water is major necessity for human being. Bottled water industry, colloquially called, the mineral water industry, is a symbol of new life style emerging in India. While a large segment of the population is struggling to get access to potable water supply, a new generation - especially in the urban areas is getting accustomed to bottled water paying handsome prices. Soda water is water which is carbonated and thus made bubbling by the addition of carbon dioxide gas under pressure. Soda water is sometimes used to dilute strong alcoholic drinks, e.g. cocktails such as a whisky and soda, or Campari and soda. It can also be drunk on its own. Soda water gets its name from the sodium salts it contains, said 'salty' compounds adding a distinct and pleasurable quality to many beverages of the alcoholic and non-alcoholic type. PET is the most extensively recycled plastic of the present time. Bottled water is available in differently sized packaging from 200 ml (popular on flights) to 500 ml (a huge hit among the youth) to 1 liter and 2 liter. Despite the large number of small producers, this industry is dominated by the big players – Parle, Bisleri, Coca-cola, Pepsico, Parle Agro, Mohan Meakins, SKN Breweries bottled water in the country when it introduced Bisleri in India 25 years ago. Apart from domestic and commercial use of packaged water, the Indian Railways is a huge potential market. According to officials at Cheerio, the railway ordered 10,000 cases (of 12 bottles each) a day. In coming years the demand of packaged drinking water will be increased very rapidly, so there is a huge scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project. The bottled water market is growing at a rapid rate of around 20% a year (down from 50 to 60%). At this growth rate, the Rs 7000 million per year market is estimated to overtake the soft drinks market soon. Multinationals, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Nestle and others are trying to grab a significant share of the market. There are more than 180 brands in the unorganized sector. The small players account for nearly 19% of the total market. The government decided towards end of the year 2000 to bring about stringent guidelines for packaged water. All companies were made to sell their products only under the BIS (Bureau of Industrial Standards) certification mark. The BIS certification was made mandatory for the segment from April 1, 2001. The bottled water is to be classified as "food" and has been brought under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act. They would have to adhere to rules pertaining to colour, odour, taste, turbidity, total dissolved solids and aerobic microbial count. There is a good scope and good market potential for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Cost Estimation:
Plant capacity: Drinking Water – 17280000 Nos. Bottles (1 Ltr.)/Annum,Soda Water – 1008000 Nos. Bottles (600 Ml)/Annum,Drinking Water Jar – 720000 Nos. Jar (20 Ltr.)/AnnumPlant & machinery: 403 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 695 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 60.00%
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PACKAGED DRINKING WATER WITH PET BOTTLES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Bottled Water means water intended for human consumption and which is sealed in bottles and other containers with no added ingredients except that it may occasionally contain safe anti-microbial agent. Now-a-days safe and pure drinking water is major necessity for human being. Bottled water industry, colloquially called, the mineral water industry, is a symbol of new life style emerging in India. While a large segment of the population is struggling to get access to potable water supply, a new generation - especially in the urban areas is getting accustomed to bottled water paying handsome prices. PET is the most extensively recycled plastic of the present time. Bottled water is available in differently sized packaging from 200 ml (popular on flights) to 500 ml (a huge hit among the youth) to 1 liter and 2 liter. Despite the large number of small producers, this industry is dominated by the big players – Parle, Bisleri, Coca-cola, Pepsico, Parle Agro, Mohan Meakins, SKN Breweries bottled water in the country when it introduced Bisleri in India 25 years ago. Apart from domestic and commercial use of packaged water, the Indian Railways is a huge potential market. According to officials at Cheerio, the railway ordered 10,000 cases (of 12 bottles each) a day. In coming years the demand of packaged drinking water will be increased very rapidly, so there is a huge scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project. The bottled water market is growing at a rapid rate of around 20% a year (down from 50 to 60%). At this growth rate, the Rs 7000 million per year market is estimated to overtake the soft drinks market soon. Multinationals, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Nestle and others are trying to grab a significant share of the market. There are more than 180 brands in the unorganized sector. The small players account for nearly 19% of the total market. The government decided towards end of the year 2000 to bring about stringent guidelines for packaged water. All companies were made to sell their products only under the BIS (Bureau of Industrial Standards) certification mark. The BIS certification was made mandatory for the segment from April 1, 2001. The bottled water is to be classified as food and has been brought under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act. They would have to adhere to rules pertaining to colour, odour, taste, turbidity, total dissolved solids and aerobic microbial count. There is a good scope and good market potential for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Atco Corporation Ltd. Bikaji Marketing Ltd. Bio Green Inds. Ltd. Dharampal Satyapal Ltd. Golden Anchor Pvt. Ltd. Keventer Agro Ltd. Manchanda International Ltd. Mount Everest Mineral Water Ltd. N E P C Agro Foods Ltd. Nuway Organic Naturals India Ltd. Orient Beverages Ltd. Pondicherry Agro Service & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Sparkle Foods Ltd. Sri Sarvaraya Sugars Ltd. Surat Beverages Ltd. Vijay Shanthi Builders Ltd.
Plant capacity: 60000000 Nos. Bottles/AnnumPlant & machinery: 217 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 454 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 60.00%
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SOAP AND DETERGENT POWDER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Soaps are the earliest form of detergents. Though at present, the term detergent is used for synthetic detergents derived from petroleum products. The origin of soap making is unknown. Detergents are defined as complete washing or cleaning products, which contain among their ingredients an organic surface-active compound (Surfactant) that passes soil-removal properties. Frequently the term detergent is used synonymously with surfactant but common industry practice treats the surfactant as one component of a done here. Additionally this discussion treats primarily, only the so-called synthetic detergents, excluding those products in which soap is the sole or predominant surfactant. Detergent cake and detergent powder are largely used in the domestic houses, commercial sectors, hotel industries, garment industries and in many other sections of the society. There is high price, medium price and low priced detergent available. There are different kinds of raw material used in the industries. There is large demand of this consumer item. There are renowned organized as well as unorganized private sectors, engaged in this production. The technology, involved in the high priced detergent powder and cakes is charged nowadays. From the 1940s on-ward, synthetic detergents have expanded rapidly all over the world. Their rapid development has been stimulated by the enormous and fast growth of the international petro-chemical industry. The transition from conventional hard soaps to synthetic detergent cake has been rapid and irreversible response by consumers. So that to-day, synthetic detergent accounts in most developed and developing countries in the world. To improve detergency of the detergent cakes & powders, certain other components were added to it known as builders, synergies, fillers and brighteners etc. Detergents, as a constituent of the overall FMCG industry, accounts for a near 12% of the total demand for all FMCG products estimated at over Rs 530 bn. Detergents, chemically known as alfa olefin sulphonates (AOS) are used as fabric brightening agent, anti-deposition agent, stain remover and as a bleacher. Total market of synthetic detergents and scourers was valued at about Rs 90 bn in 2007-08. It represents an increase of 15% over that of preceding year. A major input for the production of detergents is a petrochemical, Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB), while soaps rely more on an inorganic chemical, caustic soda, as a major input. Detergents are available as powder, bars and liquids. Bars make up for less than half of the market, while powders have more than a third of the market. Liquids have 12% presence in the market. The bar market is dominated by Hindustan Lever (now Hindustan Unilever - HUL) with a share of over 40% held by its brands - Rin, Wheel, 555, Shakti, OK. The super-premium market, making up for around 10% of the overall detergents market, is dominated by Surf Excel from HUL and Ariel from Proctor & Gamble (P&G). The two together have a near 75% market with the rest coming in from players like Henkel SPIC. In the sub premium segment, Nirma from Nirma Soaps and Wheel from HUL are the major brands with small presence from an array of brands like Trilo, Hipolin, Tide, Key, Chek and others. The detergent market in India is dominated by HUL Nirma is the second largest player with an overall market share of 19%. Nirma is more dominant in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana, that is Northwest India. Nirma has the highest market share of around 40% in Gujarat. It has the highest market share in the mass segment, like toilet soaps. There is a very good scope of this product and new entrepreneurs should venture into this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Arochem Silvassa Ltd. Associated Industries Consumer Products Pvt. Ltd. B J M Industries Ltd. Calcutta Detergents Pvt. Ltd. Continental Chemicals Ltd. Corona Plus Industries Ltd. Galaxy Surfactants Ltd. Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. Henkel India Ltd. Henkel Marketing India Ltd. Henkel Spic India Ltd. Hico Products Ltd. Hindustan Polyamides & Fibres Ltd. Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Hipolin Ltd. Hughes & Hughes Chem Ltd. Jyothy Laboratories Ltd. Kaiser Industries Ltd. Kanpur Detergents & Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. Karnataka Soaps & Detergents Ltd. Kripa Chemicals Ltd. Nilnita Chemicals Ltd. Nirma Industries Ltd. Nirma Ltd. Paramount Minerals & Chemicals Ltd. Pee Cee Cosma Sope Ltd. Power Soaps Ltd. Reckitt Benckiser (India) Ltd. Rohit Surfactants Pvt. Ltd. Shreeji Dye-Chem Ltd. Sivalik Cellulose Ltd. Standard Surfactants Ltd. Sunrise Asian Ltd. Surfactant Specialities Ltd. Swadeshi Detergents Ltd. Swastik Surfactants Ltd. Swastik Udyog Ltd. T O C Disinfectants Ltd. Tata Oil Mills Co. Ltd. Utkal Soap Products Ltd. Vashisti Detergents Ltd. Vora Soaps Ltd. Capacity : 6000 MT/Annum Detergent Cake 10 MT/Day Detergent Powder 10 MT/Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 66 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 577 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 33.00%
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PACKAGED DRINKING WATER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Bottled Water means water intended for human consumption and which is sealed in bottles and other containers with no added ingredients except that it may occasionally contain safe anti-microbial agent. Now a days safe and pure drinking water is major necessity for human being. Bottled water industry, colloquially called, the mineral water industry, is a symbol of new life style emerging in India. While a large segment of the population is struggling to get access to potable water supply, a new generation especially in the urban areas is getting accustomed to bottled water paying handsome prices. PET is the most extensively recycled plastic of the present time. Bottled water is available in differently sized packaging from 200 ml (popular on flights) to 500 ml (a huge hit among the youth) to 1 liter and 2 liter. Despite the large number of small producers, this industry is dominated by the big players Parle, Bisleri, Coca-cola, Pepsico, Parle Agro, Mohan Meakins, SKN Breweries bottled water in the country when it introduced Bisleri in India 25 years ago. Apart from domestic and commercial use of packaged water, the Indian Railways is a huge potential market. According to officials at Cheerio, the railway ordered 10,000 cases (of 12 bottles each) a day. In coming years the demand of packaged drinking water will be increased very rapidly, so there is a huge scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project. The bottled water market is growing at a rapid rate of around 20% a year (down from 50 to 60%). At this growth rate, the Rs 7000 million per year market is estimated to overtake the soft drinks market soon. Multinationals, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Nestle and others are trying to grab a significant share of the market. There are more than 180 brands in the unorganized sector. The small players account for nearly 19% of the total market. The government decided towards end of the year 2000 to bring about stringent guidelines for packaged water. All companies were made to sell their products only under the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) certification mark. The BIS certification was made mandatory for the segment from April 1, 2001. The bottled water is to be classified as "food" and has been brought under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act. They would have to adhere to rules pertaining to colour, odour, taste, turbidity, total dissolved solids and aerobic microbial count. There is a good scope and good market potential for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Atco Corporation Ltd. Bikaji Marketing Ltd. Bio Green Inds. Ltd. Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd. Dharampal Satyapal Ltd. Golden Anchor Pvt. Ltd. Keventer Agro Ltd. Manchanda International Ltd. Mohan Meakin Ltd. Mount Everest Mineral Water Ltd. N E P C Agro Foods Ltd. Nuway Organic Naturals India Ltd. Orient Beverages Ltd. Parle International Pvt. Ltd. Pepsico India Holdings Pvt. Ltd. Pondicherry Agro Service & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Sparkle Foods Ltd. Sri Sarvaraya Sugars Ltd. Surat Beverages Ltd. Vijay Shanthi Builders Ltd.
Plant capacity: 3000000 Bottles/AnnumPlant & machinery: 39 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 108 Lakhs
Return: 41.00%Break even: 52.00%
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PACKAGED DRINKING WATER - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Bottled Water means water intended for human consumption and which is sealed in bottles and other containers with no added ingredients except that it may occasionally contain safe anti-microbial agent. Now a days safe and pure drinking water is major necessity for human being. Bottled water industry, colloquially called, the mineral water industry, is a symbol of new life style emerging in India. While a large segment of the population is struggling to get access to potable water supply, a new generation especially in the urban areas is getting accustomed to bottled water paying handsome prices. PET is the most extensively recycled plastic of the present time. Bottled water is available in differently sized packaging from 200 ml (popular on flights) to 500 ml (a huge hit among the youth) to 1 liter and 2 liter. Despite the large number of small producers, this industry is dominated by the big players Parle, Bisleri, Coca-cola, Pepsico, Parle Agro, Mohan Meakins, SKN Breweries bottled water in the country when it introduced besleri in India 25 years ago. Apart from domestic and commercial use of packaged water, the Indian Railways is a huge potential market. According to officials at cherio, the railway ordered 10,000 cases (of 12 bottles each) a day. In coming years the demand of packaged drinking water will be increased very rapidly, so there is a huge scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project. The bottled water market is growing at a rapid rate of around 20% a year (down from 50 to 60%). At this growth rate, the Rs 7000 million per year market is estimated to overtake the soft drinks market soon. Multinationals, Coca Cola, Pepsi, Nestle and others are trying to grab a significant share of the market. There are more than 180 brands in the unorganized sector. The small players account for nearly 19% of the total market. The government decided towards end of the year 2000 to bring about stringent guidelines for packaged water. All companies were made to sell their products only under the BIS (Bureau of Industrial Standards) certification mark. The BIS certification was made mandatory for the segment from April 1, 2001. The bottled water is to be classified as food and has been brought under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act. They would have to adhere to rules pertaining to colour, odour, taste, turbidity, total dissolved solids and aerobic microbial count. Leading Brands Bailley, Bisleri, Peppy Minerelli, Trupthi, Kristal, Oasis, Yes, Penguin, Golden Eagle, Stream, Kingfisher, Jaldhara, Pondicherry, Himalayan, Golden Valley Stream, Evion, Aquafina, Perrier, Kinley, Pure Life, Ferra, Relle. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Bikaji Marketing Ltd. Bisil Plast Ltd. Bisleri (India) Pvt. Ltd. Haldiram Marketing Pvt. Ltd. Keventer Agro Ltd. Kothari Products Ltd. Mohan Meakin Ltd. Mount Everest Mineral Water Ltd. N E P C Agro Foods Ltd. Orient Beverages Ltd. Parle International Pvt. Ltd. Pepsico India Holdings Pvt. Ltd. Pondicherry Agro Service & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. S & S Industries & Enterprises Ltd. Southern Agrifurane Inds. Ltd. Sparkle Foods Ltd. Sri Sarvaraya Sugars Ltd. Surat Beverages Ltd. New capacity creation can be thought of for packaged drinking water as there is ample space for new entrepreneurs to venture into this field. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 12000000 Ltrs/Annum Packed in Pouches 250 ml size 18000 Ltrs/Day and Packed in Jars 20 Ltrs Size 22000 Ltrs./Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 25 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 100 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 54.00%
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BIO PLASTIC PRODUCTS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Plastics have become an important part of modern life and are used in different sectors of applications like packaging, building materials, consumer products and much more. Plastic packaging is proving to be a major environmental problem. Most of today's plastics and synthetic polymers are produced from petrochemicals. As conventional plastics are persistent in the environment, improperly disposed plastic materials are a significant source of environmental pollution, potentially harming life. The plastic sheets or bags do not allow water and air to go into earth which causes reduction in fertility status of soil, preventing degradation of other normal substances, depletion of underground water source and danger to animal life. In the seas too, plastic rubbish from ropes and nets to the plastic bands from beer packs choke and entangle the marine mammals. In an effort to overcome these shortcomings, biochemical researchers and engineers have long been seeking to develop biodegradable plastics that are made from renewable resources, such as plants. The biodegradable polymers could be an alternative to the conventional plastic materials. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment. Biodegradable plastics or bioplastics are mainly derived from corn, wheat and potato starch. Biodegradable plastics products are thermoplastic materials which are processed with the same machines traditionally used to process conventional plastics. Biodegradable plastic products physical and chemical properties are similar to those of traditional plastics, but it is completely biodegradable in different environments, just like pure cellulose. The demand for bioplastics makes it one of the fastest growing thermoplastic product types globally. Global demand is expected to reach over one billion pounds by 2012. Currently, the biodegradable segment of bioplastics is the largest segment of the bioplastics category, but it is projected to be displaced by the non biodegradable bioplastics group of products, which may or may not be 100% derived from biomass. Packaging, disposable food service and fiber applications are major use areas. Polylactic acid polymer (PLA) demand is growing rapidly in both packaging and fiber applications. Demand for starch based polymers, in a modified form or blended with another polymer such as PLA for biodegradability or with a polyolefin such as polypropylene, will continue to grow. Disposable cutlery and containers are products that are a part of our day to day life. Disposable items like bags, cups, plates, saucers, glasses are being increasingly used. Biodegradable bags are becoming more and more commonly used, because they are better for the environment and most people are concerned about being more green. Though the demand for biodegradable plastics is increasing, acceptance of biodegradable polymers is likely to depend on factors like: Customer response to costs; Possible legislation by governments; and The achievement of total biodegradability Substantial technological progress has been made in bio based plastics in the past five years. Innovations in material and product development, environmental benefits as well as the gradual depletion of crude oil increasingly call for polymers made from renewable raw materials. Bioplastics will raise more than fourfold to 900,000 metric tons in 2013, valued at US$2.6 bln, according to a report by The Freedonia Group. The growth will be fueled by a number of factors, including consumer demand for more environmentally sustainable products, the development of bio based feedstocks for commodity plastic resins and increasing restrictions on the use of non-degradable plastic products, particularly plastic bags. Most important, however, will be the expected continuation of high crude oil and natural gas prices, which will allow bioplastics to become more cost-competitive with petroleum based resins. Non-biodegradable plant based plastics will be the primary driver of bioplastics demand. Biodegradable plastics, such as starch-based resins, polylactic acid (PLA) and degradable polyesters, accounted for the vast majority (nearly 90%) of bioplastics demand in 2008. Double-digit gains are expected to continue going forward, fueled in part by the emergence on the commercial market of polyhydroxy-alkanoates (PHAs). PLA will also see strong advances in demand as new production capacity comes online. Western Europe was the largest regional market for bioplastics in 2008, accounting for about 40% of world demand. Bioplastics sales in the region benefit from strong consumer demand for biodegradable and plant based products, a regulatory environment that favors bioplastics over petroleum resins, and an extensive infrastructure for composting. Demand will grow more rapidly in the Asia/Pacific region, which will surpass the West European market by 2013. Gains will be stimulated by strong demand in Japan, which has focused intently on the replacement of petroleum-based plastics. Europe is leading the way for induction of bioplastics in day to day use. Companies such as Novamont SpA, NatureWorks LLC, and Metabolix, Inc. are entering the market with new bio-based products. Demand for bioplastics is accelerating as more supply of all bioplastic types come into production. Though this product is now at a nascent stage in India but in the long run this product has a very promising future. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 15000000Nos. (Bio Plastic Glasses) 1000000 Nos. (Bio Plastic Plates) 75000 Nos. (Bio Plastic Plastics)
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 166 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 298 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 51.00%
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WOODEN TOOTHPICK - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

A toothpick is a small stick of wood, plastic, bamboo, metal, bone or other substance used to remove detritus from the teeth, usually after a meal. A toothpick usually has two sharp ends to insert between teeth. They can also be used for picking up small appetizers or as a cocktail stick. There is a large and growing market for toothpicks in domestic as well as globally for example in Nigeria and neighboring African countries. Virtually everybody use toothpicks daily to remove unwanted leftover food stuck to the teeth. Market for this product is readily available and can be sold locally or exported to earn foreign exchange because of its high export potentiality. There is a good scope for new entrepreneurs to start a toothpicks manufacturing unit. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 150000000 Pcs./Annum Tooth Pick of Dia 2.0 to 2.2 mm Length 65 mm 1 Pkt = 1000 Pcs. of tooth pick (500 Pkt./Day)
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 6 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 22 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 62.00%
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TYRES AND TUBES FOR BICYCLE AND RICKSHAW - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Tyres and Tubes are the backbone of the bicycle and rickshaw. Bicycle and rickshaw continues to be the principal mode of transport for the low and middle income families. This is because the bicycle is both environment and people friendly. India is largest producer of bicycle next to only china. The future of the bicycle industry is bright. However, for survival the companies have to successfully restructure and modernize to achieve global competitiveness in terms of quality, cost and distribution system. The tyre & tube industry is a major consumer of the domestic rubber production. Cycle rickshaw is a local means of finance and also known as pedicarb, cycle or rickshaw in different parts of the world. Cycle rickshaws are human powered i.e. pulled by a person by foot. There is very good domestic as well as export demand of bicycle and rickshaw tyres and tubes. The entrepreneurs venture in to this project will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Govind Rubber Ltd. Krypton Industries Ltd. Pavan Tyres Ltd. Poddar Tyres Ltd. Ralson (India) Ltd. Ralson Industries Ltd.
Plant capacity: 300000 Nos. Tyres & 300000 Nos. TubesPlant & machinery: 158 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 351 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Liquid Detergents - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Profile Liquid detergents are convenience products, compared with powdered detergent dissolve more rapidly, particularly in cold water, they generate less dust. It is not surprising, therefore, those liquid forms of household cleaning product developed by manufacturers. With the exception of fabric softeners and shampoos, the solid form of cleaning preceded the liquid form. This is used as manual and automatic dishwashing, laundry general personal washing products. As a result, the technical history of liquid detergents is to a large extent one of emulating the performance features of the powder models. Generally, there are two types of liquid detergents: 1. Light duty liquid detergent. 2. Heavy duty liquid detergent. Production Procedure For manufacturing liquid detergent, both the batch as well as continuous blending processes is used. Both batch and continuous blending processes are used to manufacture liquid and gel cleaning products. Stabilizers may be added during manufacturing to ensure the uniformity and stability of the finished product. In a typical continuous process, dry and liquid ingredients are added and blended to a uniform mixture using in-line or static mixers. Recently, more concentrated liquid products have been introduced and a technique for developing these products is through the use of new high-energy mixing processes in combination with stabilizing agents. To make liquid detergent, the dry powder is simply mixed back in with a solution consisting of chemicals and water, called as solubilizers. These chemicals help the water and detergent to blend together more evenly. A reflection rate of 98 % is considered as quite good and shows that the detergent has cleaned properly. Application Liquid Detergents are formulated with the intension of their following end uses: 1. House hold washing liquid mainly for dish, utensils etc., washing. 2. Light duty laundering for synthetic and woollen fabrics. 3. For scouring mineral oiled goods of woollen or worsted piece fabrics. 4. Rug cleaning shampoos. Market Potential The liquid form for household detergents is gaining market share in many world markets particularly for dish-washing and light-duty applications. Moreover, the personal care products in liquid form have a substantial share of the market and can be manufactured in the same plants as liquid detergents. Independently from the type of liquid detergent or personal care product and their specific targeted uses, the manufacturing of liquid detergents should be based on processes, equipment and operation sequences in compliance with the chemical and physical demand of these products.
Plant capacity: 6600 Lts/day Plant & machinery: 46 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 351 Lakh
Return: 48.70%Break even: 40.70%
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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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