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Best Business Opportunities in Jharkhand- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Mining & Minerals: Project Opportunities in Jharkhand


Minerals are valuable natural resources being finite and non-renewable. They constitute the vital raw materials for many basic industries and are a major resource for development. Management of mineral resources has, therefore, to be closely integrated with the overall strategy of development; and exploitation of minerals is to be guided by long-term national goals and perspectives. Ministry of Mines is responsible for survey and exploration of all minerals, other than natural gases, petroleum and atomic minerals, for mining and metallurgy of non-ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, gold, nickel, etc. and for administration of the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Act, 1957 in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal, natural gas and petroleum.

The newly carved out resource rich State of Jharkhand is widely acclaimed as the region of the future, having immense potential for industrialisation with its large deposits of minerals which could provide a firm launching pad for various industries.


Jharkhand is one of the richest zones of minerals in the world. The 40% of the total minerals of the country are available in this state. The State is the sole producer of cooking coal, uranium and pyrite. It ranks first in the production of coal, mica, kyanite and copper in India. The geographical exploration and exploitation of gold, silver, base metals, decorative stones, precious stones, etc. are the potential areas of the future. Jharkhand is also endowed with other resources such as surface and ground water, land with immense bio-diversity, moderate climate, disciplined and skilled manpower, adequate availability of power, which are the basic essentials for the growth and development of industries.


Jharkhand region is generously endowed with Mineral Wealth and the State Government is committed to create an environment conducive to the growth of Mining and Mineral based Industries in the State. In view of this, the State's Industrial policy covers certain clauses relevant for Mining and Mineral sector, which are enumerated below:

•        Simplify procedures and expedite granting of mining leases.

•        Provide certain relief to make mining activities easier.

•        Encourage use of modern exploration techniques to set up a resource inventory of various minerals in the State.

•        Encourage joint venture projects with SMDC.

•        Clear mining lease applications and project report within 60 days.

•        Encourage foreign investment and technological collaboration by OCBs and NRIs in selected sectors including Mineral development.

•        Encourage Private Sector participation in Mining Activities

Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation Ltd. was incorporated on 7th May, 2002 after bifurcation from Bihar State Mineral Development Corporation Ltd. JSMDC is a Government of Jharkhand Undertaking under the Dept. of Mines & Geology, Govt. of Jharkhand. It is premier producer and supplier of minerals and mineral based products in the State of Jharkhand. Core business of the Company is production and marketing of coal, limestone and its powder, kyanite, graphite, granite blocks and manufacturing of granite tiles of smaller dimensions. JSMDC is a consistently making profit company. Annual turnover is more than 100 Crores in the current fiscal year.




Agro-Based Industries: Project Opportunities in Jharkhand





Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India. Since it would cause diversification and commercialization of agriculture, it will thus enhance the incomes of farmers and create food surpluses. The state of Jharkhand having diversified agro-climatic conditions is much suited for the development horticulture based economy that has ample scope for its growth.


The agro-climatic conditions of the State are conducive for commercial cultivation of large varieties of fruits, vegetables,flowers and medicinal and aromatic plants. Plantation and Horticulture is one of the important sub sectors of Agriculture having ample scope for expansion in the state of Jharkhand. The state of Jharkhand has a total geographical area of 79.7 lakh ha out of which cultivable land is 38 lakh ha. The net irrigated area is only 1.57 lakh ha which is only 8% of the net sown area. The total area occupied for plantation and horticulture crop in the state is about 2.57 lakh hectares. Different kinds of fruits are grown in Jharkhand. The crops grown in Jharkhand are Mango, Litchi, Stone fruit (Peach), Citrus (Lime/Lemon), Awla and Papaya in fruits, Chilli, Turmeric and Ginger in spices, Rose, Marigold, Gerbera, Carnation and Gladiolus among flowers, Lemon grass, Palmarosa and Rosa damascena in aromatic plants, Cashew in Plantation crops. Jharkhand endowed with vast impounded fresh water resources in the form of tank/ponds and reservoirs. The major plantation crops cultivated in the State are cashew nut and coconut. The Board has identified the State as high potential State for coconut cultivation as the average productivity of coconut palm is 36 nuts per palm, which is above the national average of 34 nuts. Cashew nuts popularly known as a gold mine of wastelands is very ideal for cultivation in wastelands and hence there is good potential for cashew cultivation especially in East and West Singhbhum districts. Tea plantation in a small measure has been taken up in Ranchi district, which has a favourable climate for growing tea.






 The promotion of Agro-based industries is among the priorities of the State Government. The state has assured supply of fruits & vegetables grown by applying scientific techniques, investment in post harvest and good transport infrastructure. The National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in the Jharkhand State was launched in late 2005-06 initially in 10 districts with main focus on production of planting materials, vegetable seed production, establishment of new gardens, creation of water resources etc. Establishment of new gardens include perennial and non perennial fruits, spices, floriculture, aromatic and medicinal plants. This scheme was 100 % sponsored by Central Govt. during 2005-06 and 2006-07 (Xth Five Year Plan). However, during 2007-08 and onwards (XIth Five Year Plan) this scheme has been implemented in 15 districts with the pattern of assistance as 85:15 by Central Govt. and State Govt. respectively. The Jharkhand government has decided to set up a food park to kick off the development of the food processing sector in the state and attract investors. In general very few small scale food processing industries are present in the state.




 Sericulture (Tasar Silk): Project Opportunities in Jharkhand



Sericulture is an agro-based industry. It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. The major activities of sericulture comprises of food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament for value added benefits such as processing and weaving. Silk is a fine strand of fiber that is a solidified secretion produced by certain caterpillars to encase themselves in the form of cocoons. India is second largest producer of silk. Sericulture industry is looking out for the developments of young age silk worm rearing or chawki rearing. Care of silk worms start from the stage of procurement of silk worm eggs from the grainage itself. Silk worm eggs are distributed to the farmers for commercial rearing when active development of embryo is in progress. The important aspect of young silkworm rearing management are a suitable separate rearing house or room, well maintained mulberry garden with assured irrigation facilities. Sericulture has emerged as a virtual lifeline and a profitable employment avenue for villagers in Maoist-affected areas in India's eastern Jharkhand. Under the aegis of the Jharkhand state industrial department, farmers are beginning to rear silkworms.


Jharkhand, much like Chattisgarh and Uttaranchal, is endowed with adequate forest cover. These forests are home to two species of trees -Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna) & Asan (Terminalia Tomentosa) which are breeding ground for the moth which produces the cocoon from which Tasar yarn is reeled. Jharkhand's forest department is also planning to encourage planting of Arjuna trees in place of the traditional Acacia or Eucalyptus trees. Tussar Food plants are available over an area of 9 lakh hectares. The Singhbhum and Santhalpargana regions are the main silk producing centres in the State. The State is promoting this activity through 28 pilot project centres situated in different areas. Each rearer can rear on an average 200 eggs or Disease Free Laying (DFLs) so the annual demand of commercial seed or egg is of 130 lakh. There are three types of seeds or eggs – Nucleus, Basic seed and Basic seed multiplied to commercial seed.


Tasar culture is a backbone for Tribal development, and the Government of India, through the Central Silk Board and different State Governments have initiated several developmental and welfare measures for the tribal welfare through it. Jharkhand's forest department is also planning to encourage planting of Arjuna trees in place of the traditional Acacia or Eucalyptus trees. Jharkhand Sericulture Development Institute (JSDI) and Jharkhand Silk Technical Development Institute (JSTDI) are being strengthened to give an impetus to this sector. During the year 2010-11, it is proposed to rear 2.35 lakh tasar nucleus DFLs, 16 lakh of tasar basic DFLs and 96 lakh of commercial DFLs through seed and commercial rearers in the State. It is proposed to be benefited 40,000 -50,000 Tasar farmers through Tasar seed production and its rearing during the year.


Steel Industry



Steel Industry is a booming industry in the whole world. India’s economic growth is contingent upon the growth of the Indian steel industry. Consumption of steel is taken to be an indicator of economic development. While steel continues to have a stronghold in traditional sectors such as construction, housing and ground transportation, special steels are increasingly used in engineering industries such as power generation, petrochemicals and fertilisers. Indian Steel Industry is more than a century old. India has now emerged as the eighth largest producer of steel in the world with a production capacity of 35MT. Almost all varieties of steel is now produced in India. India has also emerged as a net exporter of steel which shows that Indian steel is being increasingly accepted in the global market. The growth of the steel industry in India is also dependant, to a large extent, on the level of consumption of steel in the domestic market. Steel consumption is significant in housing and infrastructure. In recent years the surge in housing industry of India has led to increase in the domestic demand for steel.




Jharkhand emerges as hub for steel companies. The state is endowed with deposits of Iron Ores of both, Hematite & Magnetite. The Hematite deposits are mainly located in the West Singhbhum District and have a resource base exceeding 3700 Million Tonnes. These have been explored only in pockets by large industry houses in their lease hold. There is a very good scope of enlarging this resource base by further exploration. The Magnetite Deposits are located in the East Singhbhum, Latehar & Palamu districts. They comprise lenticular ore bodies as well as Schist rocks with 80 to 36% magnetic. The exploration of these bodies is yet to be taken up. The existing steel mills are sourcing their iron ore (Hematite) from West Singhbhum. The Magnetite ore is being used in heavy media coal washeries & paints. Tata Steel's largest plant is located in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, with its recent acquisitions; the company has become a multinational with operations in various countries. If the interest shown by all the companies, big and small, in Jharkhand's iron ore deposits translates into reality, the state will produce more than half the total steel in India. First Iron & steel factory  is located at Jamshedpur and Largest Steel plant in Asia is Bokaro steel plant.



Under the new industrial policy, iron and steel has been made one of the high priority industries. Price and distribution controls have been removed  as well as foreign direct investment up to 100% (under automatic route) has been permitted.  The Trade Policy has also been liberalized and import and export of iron and steel is freely allowed with no quantitative restrictions on import of iron and steel items. Tariffs on various items of iron and steel have drastically come down since 1991-92 levels and the government is committed to bring them down to the international levels.  With the abolishing of price regulation of iron and steel in 92, the steel prices are market determined. The policy devises a multi-pronged strategy to achieve these targets with following focus areas; removal of supply constraints especially availability  of critical inputs like iron ore; improve cost competitiveness by expanding and strengthening the infrastructure in roads, railways, ports and power; increase exports; meet the additional capital requirements by mobilizing financial resources; promote investments by removing  procedural delays. In addition the policy also addresses challenges arising out of environmental concerns, human resource requirements, R&D, volatile steel prices and the secondary sector. 


Rural Industries: Project Opportunities in Jharkhand



Rural industry is an important source of employment for workers shifting out of agriculture. The rural industry continues to play a significant role in the expansion ofemployment, improvement in productivity and earnings, and poverty reduction in many non-industrialized countries; this is particularly the case in India. This sector has immense export potential which needs to be exploited to earn foreign exchange. To give thrust, the government aims to provide benefits in the various areas such as handloom, handicrafts, khadi village industries, forest based industries etc.


Handloom is labour intensive cottage industry sector providing employment to around 1.5 lakh weavers throughout the State. Various incentives to the handloom weavers are being provided under Deendayal Hastkargha Protsahan Yojana, which aims attaking care of wide gamut of activities, such as basic inputs like looms and accessories, product development, infrastructure support, institutional support, training to weavers, supply of equipment and marketing support, both at micro and macro levels in an integrated and coordinated manner for an overall development of the sector and benefit to handloom weavers. Handicrafts of Jharkhand reflect the cultural heritage, customs and traditions of the State. The State manufactures handicrafts in cane and bamboo works, woodcarving, stoneware, brassware, Lac based handicraft items, paper mache, terracotta, etc. The State Government may set up a model suitable ‘Handicraft Village’ in each of the districts of the State for promoting the traditional arts and crafts of the villages by adopting the "One Tambon One Product" model of Thailand. Various forest produce available in the state are mahua seed, sal seed, shellac, bamboo, kendu leaf, harre, bahera, etc.



Focus of the Rural Industrial Policy:-

1.       Providing ample employment opportunities through rural industries.

2.       Establishing rural industries and providing help on priority basis for skill enhancement, modern technology, and marketing especially for beneficiaries of scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, backward, and minority sections.

3.       Giving priority to participation of women in development of rural industries.

4.       Encouraging participation of private sector, non-governmental organizations, cooperative societies, and self help groups for development of rural industries.

5.       Implementing cluster approach.

6.       Value addition to the minor forest produce and medicinal herbs in the tribal areas of the state itself and passing on the benefits to the tribal population of the area.

7.       Connecting rural industries with E-commerce.

With the implementation of the Rural Industrial Policy, active participation of experienced craftsmen and industrialists in the field of handloom, handicraft, leather industry, other cottage industries and silk centers would be ensured for overall development of rural industries in the rural areas.



Tourism: Project Opportunities in Jharkhand



Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. The number of tourists worldwide has been registering phenomenal growth and it is expected that this number would shortly touch 1.5 billion. Tourism contributes about 11% of the world work force and 10.2% of the global gross domestic products. The dynamic growth of this industry is evident from the fact that a new job is added to this sector every 2.5 second. Jharkhand is endowed with rich cultural heritage and bestowed liberally with bounties of nature. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Jharkhand is blessed with an exotic landscape: the rolling hills, beautiful plateaus, sparkling rivers, etc. that largely contribute towards tourism at Jharkhand. Besides, the national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, holy shrines and museums, etc. largely attracts tourists to come to Jharkhand.


Blessed with immense biodiversity, moderate climate, rich cultural and historical heritage, Jharkhand is fast emerging as an ultimate tourist destination in eastern India. Jharkhand Tourism Department is taking utmost initiative to promote tourism in Jharkhand. A good number of hotels run by Jharkhand Tourism and private hoteliers have come up at popular tourist spots, which cater to all segments of travellers. Several Jharkhand Tourism Information Centers have been opened up in various parts of the city. These information centers provide details about Jharkhand travel, hotels, tourist attractions, travel agencies, licensed Jharkhand tourism guides and other important travel tips to holiday makers. Some of the major tourist spots in Jharkhand that play a vital role in the tourism industry of Jharkhand are: Netarhat, Betla National Park, Baidyanath Dham so on. It is noteworthy in this context that Kanke Dam, Ranchi Hill, Tagore Hill, Hatia Dam, Dasham Falls, Jagannath mandir, Jonah Falls, Hoondru waterfalls, etc. are the projects under the Tourism Industry of Jharkhand that heavily contributes towards the economy of the State.


Jharkhand has huge potential in tourism sector. The tourism potential of the state has not been exploited and at the same time tourist spots have not been highlighted at national and international level. Jharkhand government seems to be serious to promote tourism in the state. The State Government would set up a Jharkhand Tourism Development Board to facilitate enter departmental co-operation and coordination to promote Tourism in the State. This Board would be set up under the chairmanship of the Chief Minister of Jharkhand with the Tourism Minister as Vice-chairman and Principal Secretaries/Secretaries of other relevant departments as members. The Board would also have representatives of the Hotel Association, Travel Agents Association, Adventure Sports Operators Association, NGO's and other non-official members having outstanding contribution or expertise in the field of development and promotion of tourism industries. Financial assistance as grants-in-aid, etc would be provided (to this board). The Board would advise the Government to lay down the policy guidelines for the development and promotion of tourism industry in the State, to promote public-private partnership and public sector would undertake all steps to develop and promote tourism in the State.

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Start Production Business of Rubber Granules from Waste Tyre

One of the most important chemical components is rubber, which is a polymer of butadiene. In today's technologically advanced world, it is widely used in many different fields. Rubber is used primarily in the production of tires for various types of automobiles, which is the industry that produces tires. Rubber is required as the primary component of rubber goods. Either natural rubber, which is typically cultivated on enormous plantations and has all the problems that monocultures have, or synthetic rubber, which is produced using crude oil. Both processes use a great deal of resources. At the end of the chain, the countryside is suddenly covered in mountains of discarded car tires. These garbage sites are now handled by recycled rubber and used tire facilities. Rubber from used tires does not easily biodegrade, not even after extensive processing in a landfill. Landfilling used tires causes soil and water contamination since the leftover tire rubber contains toxic and soluble components. Tire stockpiles act as a haven for various pests, and burning tires presents significant fire dangers. It is crucial to find an alternative to consumption or disposal of discarded rubber tires. Used tire rubber holds a lot of promise for uses in the construction sector. This rubbish usage would not only be economical but might also help to preserve the environment. Any material that is created by uniformly pulverising old tires or other rubber into granules and then eliminating any steel or other inert impurities like dust, glass, or rock is known as rubber. The primary raw materials utilized in the production of crumb rubber are tire buffing’s, a byproduct of tire retreading, and waste tire rubber. Scrap tire rubber is made up of three different types of tires: off-road tires, which account for 1% of units or 15% of the total weight of scrap tires, trucks, which account for 15% of units or 20% of the total weight of scrap tires, and passenger car tires, which account for about 84 % of units or roughly 65 % of the total weight of scrap tires. The final product yields for each of these tire types are influenced by the tire’s design, strength, and weight. 10–12 pounds of rubber crumbs can be produced by one passenger tire per year. Uses and Application Rubber may also be used in stadium flooring, brake pad factories, oil refineries, automobile industries, and brake pad factories. In cement factories, rubber is occasionally used as fuel. Four tires are equal to one barrel of fuel, and a tone of tires is equal to 700 kg of standard fuel. Numerous products, including shoes, tires, rubber connectors, oil seals, hoses, and related items, are produced in factories using rubber. Golf courses, aircraft pitches, basketball courts, and recreational fields; 10-20 mesh (0.85-2 mm): safety mats, gym mats, and other stadium floor mats. Rubber tiles, plastic track, grass sand, skin fragments, cottonseed meal, and leisure fields. Plastic insulating material, shock-proofing material, washers, recycled rubber, modified asphalt, fender, multipurpose mats, and stable mats are all examples of materials with a mesh size of 30 (0.6 mm). 80 mesh (0.18 mm) size rubber is available as reclaimed rubber, waterproof rolls, tire additives, sleepers, road humps, seals, buffers, pearl pads, rubber pistons, brake linings, and other rubber products. Rubber pavement blocks, cow mats, railroad crossings, detachable speed bumps, and gymnasium mats are a few examples of products created of rubber utilizing straightforward compression molding procedures. By removing the sulphur bonds that make up the molecular structure of recycled rubber, devulcanization is a method for restoring it without compromising its quality, appearance, or performance characteristics. This can be accomplished using a variety of techniques, including mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, and even the use of microbes. Other Unrelated Uses - Many items, such as playground swings, door mats made of tire strips, handicrafts, and shoe bottoms, are the result of imaginative thinking. All around Thailand, there are trash containers made from used tires. Market Outlook: The rubber industry in India is growing significantly. The demand for rubber granules in India has increased from 5% to 8%. The product's range is appropriate. The USA is estimated to be the world's largest producer, with approximately 300 million waste tires generated year. However, China and India are progressively increasing the amount of rubbish tires as more new cars are sold. Every year, more than a billion tires are dumped in landfills throughout the world. An estimated 15 million tons of used tires are generated annually on a global scale. Debris is piled high and deposited in landfills, endangering the environment and human health. Appropriate recycling of used tires helps to address these problems by recovering resources and giving the general public job and financial possibilities. Each year, more than 1.6 billion new tires are produced, along with 1 billion tires that are thrown away. However, the recycling industry processed only 100 million tires annually. Tire recycling is difficult due to the tire's complicated design and numerous intricate processes that make it virtually indestructible. Leading tire recyclers are spending a lot of money, though, on state-of-the-art equipment and technology that might help recycle tires for a number of purposes while also preserving the environment. According to the most recent research, the demand for Rubber granules is anticipated to develop significantly between the next assessment periods of 2021 and 2031, at a rate of around 4.0 percent to 6.0 percent. Due to increased demand for a number of applications, such as playground surfaces, drain construction, road construction, the automotive industry, and others, the market is expected to expand at a healthy rate during the upcoming years. Industry Major Market Players: • Liberty Tire Services LLC • Lakin General • Entech Inc. • Emanuel Tire Co. • Tire Disposal & Recycling Inc. • Mac’s Tire Recyclers • Golden By-Products Inc • Champlin Tire Recycling • L&S Tire Co. • Global Rubber LLC • Manhantango Enterprises Inc. • RB Rubber Products • BAS Recycling Inc. • Rumpke Consolidated Cos. Inc • Global Tire Recycling of Sumter County Inc • reRubber LLC • Golden By-Products Inc. • Colt Inc. Scrap Tire Centers
Plant capacity: Rubber Granules:5 MT Per Day By Product Steel Wire:0.5 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 60 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:207 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Manufacturing Business

Fiberboard (MDF) is a dry-formed panel product constructed from lignocellulosic fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder. The panels are compressed using a hot press to achieve a density of 496 to 801 kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3) (31 to 50 pounds per cubic foot [lb/ft3]). The entire interfiber bond is formed by a synthetic glue or other appropriate organic binder. Due to its smooth, tight edges, MDF can be machined and has a more even density throughout the board. Because it can be completed with a smooth surface and printed with a grain pattern, veneers or laminates are not necessary. Most of the heavier MDF panels used for furniture have a thickness of 1.27 to 1.91 centimeters (1/2 to 3/4 inch). Panels of medium density fiberboard that are thinner than 1.27 cm (1/2 in) are frequently used for siding. One of these is MDF, a product made of man-made wood similar to particleboard. Particleboard, which is merely a mixture of wood chunks and shavings bound together with resin, is a much less sophisticated material than MDF. To produce denser, stronger panels, finer materials can also be crushed more firmly. There are many benefits to turning wood into a fibrous material. It has absolutely no grain. According to this, MDF is remarkably stable and unaffected by changes in humidity. Additionally, the finer material creates a uniform, flat, smooth surface that is the best base for wood veneer and plastic laminate. MDF may be worked like any other sort of wood product as long as carbide cutters are used. MDF is often not polished or stained spontaneously. It is typically painted, covered in wood veneer, or laminated with plastic. MDF accepts paint well. MDF looks good after applying primer and several coats of paint, unlike particleboard or plywood where the surface grain is obvious. Uses and Application Due to the high level of consistency across MDF, cut edges will be smooth and free of voids and splinters. Because the edges are smooth, decorative edges can be made with a router. MDF's uniformity and smoothness make it simple to cut intricate designs with a scroll saw, band saw, or jigsaw. These designs might include scrolled or scalloped designs. MDF has an extremely flat surface, which makes it a fantastic surface for painting. Advantage Store fixtures, office and residential furniture, paneling, doors, jambs, millwork, edge shaping and machining, embossing, laminate flooring, laminating and finishing, kitchen cabinets Market Outlook The MDF market in India has grown at a CAGR of 5-8 percent during the preceding five years, and it is estimated to be worth H35 billion. The Central Government's decision to refuse new permits for the manufacturing of plywood has increased the gap between supply and demand. This is a positive development for the MDF market since it will increase the adoption of engineered panel materials. The primary raw material used to create MDF and particle boards is wood. The FAO estimates that the Indian wood-based panel industry's demand for wood has increased at a CAGR of 5.5% over the past 10 years and will continue to grow at a CAGR of 5% through 2020. Wood prices have been continuously rising over the past 10 years as a result of growing demand from the wood and paper sectors as well as strict Central Government forest preservation rules. Rising wood prices could have an impact on the company's profitability because it has no long-term agreements for the supply of raw materials. The demand for pre-assembled furniture consisting of engineered panels like MDF is increasing due to rapid urbanization. Compared to the global average of 80%, MDF penetration in India is quite low at only 7% of the total wood substrate market. The entry of significant, specialized players to the market, growing uses, and expanding awareness have all contributed to the MDF sector's 20 percent CAGR growth over the preceding five years. Given the high cost of plywood and the rising demand for MDF, we predict that the MDF market will rise at a CAGR of 15-20% over the next few years. Industry Major Market Players: • Arauco (Chile) • Centuryply (India) • Daiken Corporation (Japan) • Duratex (Brazil) • Fantoni Spa (Italy) • Greenpanel (India) • M. Kaindl KG (Austria) • Roseburg Forest Products (U.S.) • Rushil Décor (India) • Swiss Krono Group (Switzerland) • Uniboard (Canada) • Unilin (Belgium) • VRG Dongwha (Vietnam) • West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (Canada) • Weyerhaeuser (U.S.) • Kronospan (Switzerland) • Egger (Austria)
Plant capacity: 100 CBM per DayPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:31 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Manufacturing of Aluminum Ingots From Aluminum Scrap

Aluminum ingots are exceptionally large casting products in both size and shape when compared to blooms, billets, and slabs. Although an ingot's cross section is frequently rectangular or square, it need not remain the same all the way along the object's length. (The cross section of the ingot may change.) Aluminum alloy ingots like LM-2, LM-4, and LM-6, which are often used in gravity and sand casting, as well as pressure die casting alloys like LM-13, LM-14, and LM-24, ADC-12, and ALSI-132, are also made in accordance with Indian and international standards. 7 percent of the earth's crust is made up of aluminum, a thin, silver-white metallic element. It weighs almost a third less per cubic meter than steel (7480–8000 Kg/cubic meter) or copper (8930 Kg/cubic meter). Aluminum is malleable, ductile, and easy to cast, and it has good corrosion resistance and durability. When coupled with oxygen, it primarily exists as alumina and is mined as bauxite ore. India is home to around 10% of the world's bauxite reserves, which is used by a growing aluminum sector. The growth in domestic demand is expected to be between 8 and 10 percent. By 2020, India is expected to have installed aluminum production capacity of 1.7 to 2 million tones yearly. India produces about 3% of the aluminum manufactured worldwide. In India's largely centralized aluminum industry, there are just five main units. Uses • Sand and cold environments are suited for castings for maritime applications that require the highest level of corrosion protection. • Applied where ductility or corrosion resistance are required; appropriate for large, intricate, and thin-walled castings in all styles of molds. • Mainly used for castings in sand and cold conditions that need to be robust and shock-resistant. • Used in all applications, especially low pressure die casting that calls for LM 6's improved tensile strength following heat treatment. Useful primarily in applications requiring pistons and those with higher thermal stresses. • Requires specific foundry methods and heat treatment. This alloy is capable of withstanding greater loads and temperatures. It has strong wear resistance and machinability properties. • It is appropriate for use in moderately complex sand and chill castings where good mechanical properties are desired. Need thermal treatment. • Used primarily in pressure die casting. LM 6-like in appearance but tougher and easier to machine. • As a result of the smelting process, various grades of aluminum ingots are produced, which are then used to create castings for the electrical and automotive industries. Market Outlook It is anticipated that the annual increase in demand for aluminum will range between 4 and 6 percent. The demand for the metal is predicted to rise as conditions for user industries such as power, infrastructure, and transportation, which are all in motion, improve. By the end of 2019–20, demand is predicted to have increased from around 1.6 million units in 2013–14 to close to 2.4 million units, and then to over 3.4 million units by 2024–25. • It is anticipated that India's demand for aluminum will rise by 17–18% each year as the building, construction, transportation, and packaging sectors continue to grow. • From an anticipated 3.4 million tones in FY17, India's consumption of aluminum is predicted to rise to 5.3 million tons by 2020. • Aluminum is a key material used in the electrical industry's wide range of products, including the manufacture of aero planes and packaging. The two sectors of transportation and energy make for more than half of the total off take. India's primary consumer industries are power, transportation, durable goods, packaging, and construction. Power consumes the most of it, making up about 44% of the total, followed by infrastructure (17%) and transportation (6%). (3 percent). (Roughly 10 to 12 percent). Some of the main factors that are expected to continue to propel the growth of the global market include rapid industrialization in both developed and developing countries, an increase in construction and reconstruction activities worldwide, and widespread use of aluminum ingots in the construction sector for manufacturing windows, weatherproofing doors, screens, etc. An increasing focus on technological developments in the packaging industry and an increase in the usage of aluminum ingots in the manufacturing of cans and aluminum foil due to their light weight and simplicity of molding are two additional factors fueling the growth of the global market for aluminum ingots. Industry Major Market Players: • Aravali Infrapower Ltd. • Baheti Metal & Ferro Alloys Ltd. • Bothra Metals & Alloys Ltd. • Indo Alusys Inds. Ltd. • Namo Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • AlcoaInc • Rio Tinto Group • Aluminum Corporation of China • United Company RUSAL • Norsk Hydro • Dubai Aluminium Company • SPIC • BHP Billiton • Xinfa Group • China Zhongwang
Plant capacity: Aluminium Alloy Ingots:12 MT per day Aluminium Scrap:0.20 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 7 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:11 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Aluminum Foil (Pharma Grade) Manufacturing Business

Aluminum foil is a thin metal sheet. As a result, it can act as a full barrier to bacteria, gases, odours, moisture, mould, and other contaminants. Aluminum's high reflectivity allows efficient heat insulation, but its opacity is essential for preventing the deterioration of foods and beverages that are light-sensitive. It is used in packaging and non-packaging applications. It takes either continuous cold casting and rolling to make aluminium foil, or it includes rolling sheet ingots made of molten aluminium, then rolling them again to the required thickness on sheet and foil rolling mills. To maintain a constant thickness when producing aluminium foil, beta radiation is delivered through the foil to a sensor on the opposite side. If the intensity becomes too much, the rollers change, increasing the thickness. If the intensities fall too low and the foil thickens, the rollers raise their pressure, making the foil thinner. Lubrication is required during the rolling stages to stop the foil surface from forming a herringbone pattern. These lubricants are applied to the foil surface before it passes through the mill rolls. Although foil used for food packaging must be lubricated with oils appropriate for food contact, kerosene-based lubricants are routinely utilized. Due to its effective barrier properties against oxygen vapour and moisture, aluminium foil is used for pharmaceutical packaging. This makes it perfect for establishing an inert environment for the preservation of hygroscopic medicine tablets and capsules. Uses • Medication tablets, tea and coffee in bulk and unitized packaging, prepared foods, and bakery goods. • Wine; Frozen meat and seafood; Milk bottle caps; Lube Butter, margarine, powdered milk, household wraps, confections, biscuits, photography film, oils, greases, and cigarettes. Because it totally keeps out odours, flavours, moisture, bacteria, light, and oxygen, which can cause lipids to oxidise or go rancid, aluminium foil is frequently used in food and pharmaceutical packaging. Aluminium foil is used to construct long-lasting packets (also known as aseptic packaging) for beverages and dairy products, enabling storage without refrigeration. Aluminium foil laminates are also used to package a number of other oxygen or moisture sensitive foods, tobacco, and other products in the form of pouches, sachets, tubes, as well as tamper-evident closures. Aluminum Foil Market • Production optimization over the years, foil-rolling systems that are currently available can produce widths of up to 2150 mm and as thin as 0.006 mm at rolling rates of 2500 metres per minute. • A natural way to conserve energy would be to collect and purify the CO2 produced during the electrolysis process for later usage. By 2022, 6.4MMT of aluminium will be produced, predict industry specialists who have studied the market for aluminium foil. • Asia Pacific (APAC), the largest producer of aluminium foils, has a market share of 64% in 2017. Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) accounted for 20% of production, followed by North America (13%), and Latin America (3%). • Between 2017 and 2022, the APAC aluminium foil market is expected to grow at the fastest rate, between 7.5 and 8 percent. Global Aluminium Foil Market Size In response to consumer preferences for straightforward and lightweight packaging, suppliers have developed innovative aluminium foil packaging solutions for the organized retail and packaged food industries. It appears that the packaging of dairy products using paper and aluminium foil will expand in the future. The food and beverage industry is the primary end-use for aluminium foil, making up around 30% of the market. • The global consumption of rolled foil may increase by 5% CAGR between 2019 and 2024, with the transportation industry representing the largest market. • The use of packaging might surpass $27 Mn by 2022, according to market research on aluminium foil, as a result of increased flexible packaging usage and rising packaged food demand. • Pharmaceutical packaging, such the strip-pack in tablets, is driving up demand for aluminium foils, also referred to as pharma foils. Industry Major Market Players: • ACM Carcano • Amcor • Assan Aluminyum • Ess Dee Aluminium • Eurofoil • Hindalco Industries Limited • Huawei Aluminium • Laminazione Sottile • Shanghai Metal Corporation • UACJ Foil Corporation • Xiamen Xiashun Aluminium Foil Co., Ltd. • Zhejiang Junma Aluminum Industry
Plant capacity: 12 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 15 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:22 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Business Plan for Production of Surgical Products (Surgical Absorbable Suture, Non Absorbable Suture, Surgical Mesh, Bone Wax, C Section Kits, Surgical Glue & Surgical Stapling)

You can save money by selecting surgical supplies carefully and avoiding buying inferior equipment. An essential part of any hospital or doctor's office is surgical supplies. This book can teach you how to choose the best surgical supplies for your needs and why buying surgical equipment should be considered an investment rather than a one-time purchase. Whether you're experienced in this line of work or just want to refresh your memory, this tool can help you streamline your operations. Surgical devices, often known as surgical gadgets, are instruments used during surgery to hasten healing and reduce the amount of time needed for recovery. A number of variables, such as your unique medical state, the sort of surgery you will be having, and more, will determine the ideal surgical product for you. This article will look at all of the many surgical products on the market today and explain how they are used in surgery to help you prepare for your own procedure. Suture for Surgery An instrument used in medicine to hold human tissues together and roughly define the boundaries of wounds after surgery or injury is a surgical suture, often known as a stitch or stitches. For application, a needle with a threaded attachment is typically used. The many suture kinds are determined by the shape, size, and characteristics of the needles as well as the kind of thread utilized. When selecting a surgical suture, one should examine the characteristics and location of the wound or the specific biological tissues that need to be approximated. Biological Sutures Body tissue that requires more than two months of tensile strength shouldn't be stitched with absorbable sutures since they either degenerate through hydrolysis or proteolysis. It is often given intravenously during surgery or in patients who are not likely to return for suture removal to skip future treatments. Sutures That Don't Absorb These sutures don't deteriorate over time and keep their superior tensile strength. They are appropriate for tissues that have been subjected to strong mechanical or shear pressures (tendons, certain skin location). They also give the operator more usability because they require less thread memory. Dental Mesh During surgery, a loosely woven material known as surgical mesh is used to either permanently or temporarily support organs or other tissues. Surgical mesh, which is comprised of both inorganic and biological components, is used in a variety of procedures. Surgery can be used for reconstructive operations such pelvic organ prolapse, while being most usually used for hernia repair. Wax Bone Numerous blood and bone marrow channels can be found in bone. As the spine and sternum are highly vascular bones that are surgically incised or damaged, osseous haemorrhage can be a difficult condition to manage. For the purposes of maintaining bone hemostasis during orthopaedic, thoracic, and neurological procedures, medical-grade sterile bone wax is a crucial component. C section kit A caesarean section, also referred to as a C-section, is a type of surgical procedure where an abdominal incision is made to deliver the baby. Your doctor might suggest this operation if particular pregnancy problems arise, the expecting mother's or the fetus's health is in danger, or if labour doesn't progress as expected. Medical Adhesive Tissue-to-tissue or tissue-to-non-tissue surface adhesion can occur as a result of in situ polymerization when an adhesive contains certain properties. Until newly formed tissue is strong enough to support it mechanically, tissue adhesives are often employed to hold two sides of tissues together and speed up wound healing. Medical Staples Sutures can be replaced using medical devices like surgical staplers and staples. They can quickly fix large wounds or injuries and are less painful for patients than stitches. They are widely used in operations with minimum incision. They can be used to seal wounds in areas where skin is close to bone during operations to remove organs or rejoin sections of internal organs. Market Outlook: Surgical sutures and staplers dominated the market in 2021, accounting for a revenue share of more than 40.0 percent. This may be due to the widespread use and high acceptance rate of sutures and staplers in wound closure procedures. The market for staplers is expected to expand because of the benefits that staplers have over sutures. This includes a speedy wound healing process and a lower risk of infection. Depending on the product, the market is segmented into electrosurgical equipment, handheld surgical devices, and surgical sutures and staplers. The estimated size of the global market for surgical equipment in 2021 was USD 14.34 billion, and from 2022 to 2030, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9.3%. Ageing populations, a growth in the incidence of lifestyle problems that eventually necessitate surgery, growing healthcare costs, and huge unmet surgical requirements are the main drivers of the industry. In addition to these elements, it is anticipated that the market will expand over the course of the forecast period as a result of growing technical developments in minimally invasive procedures, shorter hospital stays following surgery, and an increase in the number of ambulatory surgical facilities. Industry Major Market Players: • B. Braun Melsungen Ag • Smith & Nephew plc • Zimmer Biomet Holdings Inc. • Stryker Corporation • Alcon Laboratories Inc. • Aspen Surgical Products, Inc. • Medtronic Inc. • Ethicon Inc. • Becton, Dickinson and Company
Plant capacity: Surgical Absorbable Suture 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Non Absorbable Suture 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Surgical Mesh 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Bone Wax 5,000 Pcs. Per Day C Section Kits 1,000 Pcs. Per Day Surgical Glue 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Surgica Stapling 2,000 Pcs. Per DayPlant & machinery: 69 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:18 Cr
Return: 31.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Set up Sugar Plant

Sugar is a sweet, crystalline substance manufactured from sugar cane and sugar beet. There are numerous uses for it in the food and non-food industries. In the food industry, sugar serves a variety of crucial functions in addition to giving food a sweet taste. It preserves food and inhibits bacterial growth. It is also used to prevent the development of large ice crystals in frozen dishes like ice cream. Additionally, sugar encourages fermentation in products containing yeast. Additionally, it preserves the freshness and moisture of baked goods. Uses & Applications Sugar has several applications in food technology, its sweet flavour serves as the primary basis for its use. The main purposes of added sugar in food are bulking, flavouring, texture modification, preservative, sweetener, and substrate for fermentation. The human body uses sugars and starches from carbohydrates to fuel the rest of the body's cells and provide the brain with glucose. With the introduction of new regulatory restrictions and revisions to current ones, farmers and millers have a higher chance of stepping up their efforts toward cane sugar production and processing. An estimated 12 percent of the rural population in the nine states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, and Tamil Nadu receives assistance from the sugar industry through direct or indirect employment. The amount of land planted with cane may increase, and the rains in the world's largest consumer may increase yields, bringing India's production of sugarcane back up from a seven-year low. The market for Indian cane sugar has become fragmented as a result of the presence of important local and regional businesses. The corporations place a high emphasis on mergers, expansions, acquisitions, and alliances of the companies as strategic approaches to boost their brand visibility among customers. Indian Cane Sugar Market A CAGR of 4.3 percent is anticipated for the Indian cane sugar market over the projection period (2020-2025). A peak in sugar output in India is projected during the forecast period as a result of government policies that are favourable and growing planting areas. The majority of the country's sugarcane is produced in nine Indian states: Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Around 12 percent of the rural population in these nine states is supported by the sugar industry through direct or indirect employment. Given that India is one of the world's major agricultural countries and that sugar demand there is on the rise, India is an ideal area for market expansion. Global Sugar Market The global sugar market has a volume of 185 million Tons in 2021. The market is predicted to increase at a CAGR of 1.8 percent from 2022 to 2027, reaching 206.6 million Tons. Any decreases brought on by changes in the economy are largely not felt by the global food and beverage industry. As a result, the sector has continually expanded over the past few years. Sugar consumption is currently heavily influenced by the food and beverage sector, and this sector is expected to have a positive impact on the sugar industry. Also anticipated is the continuation of long-term market expansion. Sugar has a number of applications in the healthcare and cosmetics industries. Because of its exfoliating properties, sugar is used to manufacture scrubs in the cosmetics business. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is used to make antibiotics and cough syrups. Industry Major Market Players: • A B Sugars Ltd. • Aakriti Sugar Mills Pvt. Ltd. • Ab Sugars Ltd. • Ag-Vet Marketing Ltd. • Bannari Amman Sugars Ltd. • Baramati Agro Ltd. • Suedzucker AG • Tereos • Cosan. • Mitr Phol Sugar Corporation., Ltd. • Associated British Foods • Nordzucker AG • Biosev (Louis-Dreyfus) • Wilmar International Limited • Thai Roong Ruang Group
Plant capacity: Sugar:100 MT Per Day Molasses(by Product):44.8 MT Per Day Baggase (by Product):342.1 MT Per Day Paste Mud (by Product):30.3MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 149 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:243 Cr
Return: 1.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Nicotine Sulphate from Tobacco Leaves Production Business

Tobacco is cultivated with human assistance, with the leaf being the most valuable part of the plant. Almost every continent can support the growth of tobacco, but the major producers are the United States, China, India, and Brazil. During the manufacturing of tobacco, a lot of waste materials, including rejected leaves, lamina nidrib fragments that are broken, stalks, and stems, collect. Despite this, these products can be quite useful. Nicotine and tobacco seeds are by far the two main by-products produced from tobacco waste. It is common practise to employ nicotine sulphate to control significant agricultural insect pests. It is created using liquors and used tobacco from businesses that make chewing and smoking tobacco. The used tobacco is steam distilled after being macerated with water and lime. The distillate is first neutralised with sulphuric acid before being concentrated. The primary uses of tobacco are in snuff, cigars, cigarettes, and chewing tobacco. Two other tobacco-based products are beedi and hookah, with 90% of their production coming from India. Uses and Application Pure nicotine that complies with the USP and EP pharmacopeas is produced using nicotine sulphate. Nicotine USP/EP is used in huge quantities to create nicotine salts, complexes, and electronic cigarettes. Nicotine sulphate 40 percent is used to kill aphids, bugs, worms, leafhoppers, and other similar sucking insects that devour and destroy fruit, vegetables, crops, and even flowers. It also effectively combats lice, ticks, and mites, all of which are harmful to animals. Tobacco in Indian Economy Tobacco is one of the most significant commercial agricultural crops in the world. It is a short-lived, vigorous crop that can grow in soils where other crops cannot and can resist droughts. In India, tobacco is grown on 0.45 million hectares (0.27 percent of the net cultivated area), producing 750 million kilogrammes of leaf. India is the third- and fourth-largest exporter in the world behind China and Brazil, respectively. A 0.20 million hectare area is used to generate around 300 million kg of flue-cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco, whereas a 0.25 million hectare area is used to produce about 450 million kg of non-FCV tobacco. 10% of the world's tobacco is produced in India, whereas 9% of it is produced worldwide. Positive Features of Indian tobacco India's tobacco has lower levels of heavy metals, very low levels of Tobacco Specific Nitrosamines (TSNAs), and less pesticide residue than tobacco produced in other tobacco-producing countries across the world. India, which has a diversity of agro-climatic conditions, can produce a wide array of tobacco products, from tasty leaf to colourful, neutral filler, to fulfil the needs of a wide range of customers around the world. Industry Major Market Players: • Jiatian Biotech • He Nuo Biotech • BGP Group • Tianze Biological • Guanghua Bio • Alchem International Pvt. Ltd. • B G P Healthcare Pvt. Ltd. • Cipla Ltd. • Punjab Chemicals & Crop Protection Ltd.
Plant capacity: Nicotine Sulphate:3.6 MT Per Day Waste Tobacco:28.3MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 161 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1416 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Rebar Manufacturing Business

Glass fibre reinforced polymer rebar is a very expensive building material. Governments and other large-scale infrastructure providers are now aware that corrosion can have a substantial negative impact on the economy and the environment and that GFRP is an economical building material that can extend the lifespan of public infrastructures. Because of the increase in corrosion brought on by climate change, the use of fibreglass reinforcement material has increased dramatically. A glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) bar is created by mixing numerous tiny continuous glass fibres with a matrix of polymeric resin. The main advantage of GFRP bars, which have been developed for use in a range of structural applications, is that they may replace steel reinforcing bars without corroding. Additional benefits of GFRP bars are their high strength and stiffness to weight ratio, chemical resistance, enhanced control over thermal expansion and damping properties, good fatigue characteristics, and electromagnetic resistance. Two additional well-liked FRPs are carbon- and aramidic-based fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP) (AFRP). The resins are chosen based on their cost, strength, rigidity, and long-term stability. E-glass or S-glass are usually used as the reinforcing fibres in GFRP. The fibres provide the bar its strength and stiffness, while the polymer matrix binds the fibres together and distributes stresses among them. For the optimum tensile properties, fibres are orientated in the same longitudinal direction as the bar itself, even though some goods are made with fibres arranged in a variety of orientations. Due to the lack of standardised production procedures and the attempt to strengthen the ties between the bars, a few unique types of bar surfaces have been produced. A smooth bar surface, surface ribbing (similar to mild steel that has been bent), bar wrapping with helical fibres (either simply attached to the core or wrapped under tension to somewhat bend the bar), and coating the bar surface with coarse sand are a few examples. Advantages of GFRP Rebar • One of the elements of GFRP is a premium vinyl ester resin that prevents corrosion and prolongs the life of a concrete structure. Why GFRP rebar weighs only 25% as much as conventional reinforcement materials like steel yet has twice the tensile strength of steel. GFRP rebar is an excellent material for scientific constructions and facilities like power plants since it is heat- and electricity-resistant. When comparing the long-term benefits, GFRP rebar is a more economical product than epoxy-coated or stainless steel. • It can be created in a variety of lengths, bends, and shapes; • Chloride ions and other chemical substances won't harm it. Uses Around the world, GFRP bars are currently used extensively as concrete reinforcement. In order to show that GFRP reinforcement has the potential to be used in different applications, numerous studies have been carried out to evaluate the field performance of the numerous structures built. Bridge decks, parking structures, and marine structures have all been built using GFRP bars. As a result, it is now essential to establish design standards for the use of GFRP reinforcement. The US, the EU, Canada, and Japan have all developed their own unique set of design standards. In general, these suggestions were developed by modifications to the current steel reinforced concrete codes based on the substance's experimental testing. Two case study bridge deck systems with GFRP reinforcement were assessed in order to determine whether these structures were suitable for particular environments. It has become more popular to use GFRP reinforcement in place of steel reinforcement in bridge decks since it is lighter and less corrosive. The existing high costs related to construction with GFRP reinforcement are predicted to decrease if GFRP fabrication is more widely commercialised in the future. Market Size Market size in 2020 will be USD 171.3 million, with a 13.2% CAGR; Growing demand for FRP rebars in waterfront development and maritime constructions is a market trend. The size of the global market for fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) rebars, which was estimated to be worth USD 171.3 million in 2020, is expected to increase at a revenue CAGR of 13.2 percent over the next five years, according to Emergen Research's most recent analysis. One of the primary factors driving the growth of the global fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) rebar market is an increase in government spending on construction and maintenance in emerging nations, together with a rise in the use of FRP rebar in building projects. Rising demand for FRP rebars in waterfront and maritime constructions is predicted to accelerate global revenue growth in the near future. Marine constructions can sustain significant damage from unfavourable weather conditions, steel corrosion, abrasions, and sulphate reactions. By 2025, the market for FRP rebar is projected to be worth $1.1 billion, growing at a CAGR of 12.1% from 2020 to 2025. Fiber reinforced polymer rebar, also referred to as FRP rebar, and is a non-corrosive alternative to steel rebar in concrete reinforcement. A fibre and a matrix resin make up its two halves. Typically, polyester, epoxy, or vinyl ester is used as the matrix resin and carbon, aramid, basalt, or glass is used as the fibre. FRP rebar, a spiral-wrapped fibreglass rod, is a thin. Industry Major Market Players: • Composite Group Chelyabinsk • Schöck Bauteile GmbH • Dextra Group • Pultron Composites • Pultrall Inc. • Owens Corning • Sireg Geotech S.r.l. • Kodiak Fiberglass Rebar LLC
Plant capacity: 1200 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 588 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:6097 lakhs
Return: 34.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Start Ferrosilicon Production Business

Basically, ferrosilicon is an alloy of silica and iron that contains between 15% and 90% silicon. Ferrosilicon, a "heat-blocker," is frequently employed in the production of carbon and stainless steels. Additionally, it is used in the production of cast iron because it hastens graphitization. Ferrosilicon is added to an alloy to improve the resultant compound's physical properties, such as corrosion resistance and high temperature heat resistance. It also possesses a variety of physical traits, including as a high specific gravity, high magnetism, and resistance to abrasion. A mixture of silicon (Si02), aluminium (Al203), and a few other elements is known as ferrosilicon. Ferrosilicon is an alloy of silicon and iron with an average silicon concentration of 15 to 90% by weight. A number of steels with a range of uses are made using this ferro alloy. Ferrosilicon is used as an alloying element in the production of spring steel, transformer steel, and other alloy steels. Uses and Applications The ferrosilicon alloy contributes to the steel's ability to maintain the correct quantity of carbon at all times, making it appropriate for a range of applications. Ferrosilicon is used as a source of silicon to deoxidize steel and other ferrous alloys and extract metals from their oxides. This prevents the molten steel from losing carbon, and other substances like ferromanganese, spiegeleisen, and calcium silicides are used for the same purpose. It is able to create various ferroalloys. As well as silicon, ferrous silicon alloys that resist corrosion and high temperatures, and silicon steel for electromotor and transformer cores, ferrosilicon is used to produce other materials. To speed up graphitization, ferrosilicon is introduced into the iron during the casting process. Ferrosilicon is an element found in several in arc welding, electrode coatings. Ferrosilicon is used as a base material to create magnesium ferrosilicon (MgFeSi), which is used to create ductile iron. MgFeSi is primarily composed of magnesium, with trace amounts of rare earth metals. For controlling the initial silicon content, ferrosilicon is essential as a cast iron additive. Ferrosilicon is also used in the Pidgeon technique, which turns dolomite into magnesium. The process of processing high-silicon ferrosilicon with hydrogen chloride yields trichlorosilane for industrial use. Market outlook Ferrosilicon commonly comes in two different states: milled ferrosilicon and atomized ferrosilicon. Ferrosilicon is used in a variety of industries, including those that produce stainless steel, electrical steel, cast iron, magnesium, carbon and other alloy steel, and other materials. Increased demand for steel and metal alloys, as well as growth in the construction and automotive industries, are driving the ferrosilicon market. Due to growing environmental concerns, governments in several countries are focused on ferrosilicon consumption. Many international organisations give money to underdeveloped countries so they can use ferrosilicon more frequently. The demand for ferrosilicon has been increasing along with the demand for alloy and specialty steels. At the beginning of the previous decade, it was almost 500,000 tonnes, but by 1997–1998 it had increased to over 700,000 tonnes. Despite spreading so slowly, it is still growing. The sector has shown a very significant rise from 2001–2002. Between 2002 and 2007, it increased by almost 8%, and it is projected to increase by about 4% through 2011–12. After that, there will be a couple brief minor spikes at about 5.5 percent. Ferrosilicon's market is expected to reach a value of $11.0 billion in 2021 and grow at a CAGR of 2.4 percent from 2022 to 2030. Ferrosilicon is anticipated to lead the market because it is being employed as a deoxidizer in the steel industry and as an inoculant in cast iron. The increased demand for steel is forcing producers to increase their manufacturing capacity. For instance, a memorandum of understanding between AM/NS India and the Gujarati government was signed in January 2022 and calls for the company to invest more than USD 22.0 billion in six projects across the state. In order to raise its annual steel production from 8.6 to 18.0 million tonnes, the Hazira factory would invest USD 5.97 billion. Industry Major Market Players: • Elkem ASA • Eurasian Resources Group • Ferro Alloys Corporation Limited (FACOR) • FINNFJORD AS • Ferroglobe • IMFA • OM Holdings Ltd. • Russian Ferro-Alloys Inc. • SINOGU CHINA • VBC Ferro Alloys Limited
Plant capacity: 26.7 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 19 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:39 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 63.00%
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Natural Tanning Powder Production Business

In contrast to other tanning techniques, natural tanning is currently the most traditional, recognisable, and typical way. Only this method can give leather unique characteristics while also being environmentally friendly. Plant-tanned leathers include a variety of qualities, including cosiness, style, elegance, versatility, and originality. The texture and smell of leather derived from plant-based materials are natural. When skilled artisans create leathers by blending the best extracts with carefully curated natural oils and fat liquors, they produce a perfume for leather enthusiasts. Bags, rugs, briefcases, belts, chairs, boots, and saddles are a few examples of products that are only made from natural extracts. The term "tannin" refers to a substance that can bind to the proteins in animal skin to form insoluble complexes while preventing the action of proteolytic enzymes that could otherwise alter the physical state of the skin. Tannin is a substance that can be found in plant extracts. This process, which has been utilised more and more frequently throughout the years, is the basic tanning mechanism for producing sole leathers. Myrobalan is the name of a common tree in the East Indies that may grow to a height of 15 metres (Terminalia chebula). Its name is derived from the French word "myrobalanos," which means "acorn." Its fruits resemble prunes and range in colour from harvest-time yellowish green to storage-time brownish black. They contain a significant amount of pyrogallic hydrolysable tannins, are highly astringent, and have great light fastness. The stones have a low (3%) tannic content and are on the other side. They are removed before the extraction procedure. Myrobalan extracts are particularly helpful in the early stages of tanning sole leathers to neutralise the reddish colour of tanning agents like quebracho extracts. They give tanning liquors and leathers a light greenish yellow colour. Uses: Mainly used in food and pharmaceutical industries, it has an excellent taste and smell, good nutrition and can be directly used. It is mainly made from chicken feathers, fish scales, eggshells, hair of animals such as horses and pigs. These kinds of sources can be used for eggshell powder making. In addition to natural cattle bone powder production business for human consumption, there are also a lot of other uses such as feed additives for poultry and livestock industry . . . The raw materials for producing various powders should be selected according to the product requirements of the final products. Market Outlook: Rapid industrialization and the potential for fatal injuries in the manufacturing sector, particularly in the US and Europe, have focused the attention of regulatory organisations like the ILO, OSHA, and NIOSH on worker safety. Due to this, strict criteria for the usage of personal protective equipment were developed (PPE). Safety shoes and leather gloves are common components of PPE. Thus, new prospective prospects for the leather chemicals market are now available. The use of extremely polluting chemicals in skin tanning contributes to the detrimental environmental effects of leather production. As an illustration, the processing of a tonne of raw hide or skin results in the production of 20 to 80 metre cubes of wastewater, which contains significant levels of chromium ranging from 100 to 400 mg/L and sulphide ranging from 200 to 800 mg/L as well as other solid wastes that may result in pathogen contamination. Additionally, during the anticipated time frame, the global market share for leather chemicals may be constrained by the high operational costs related to the various stages of leather processing, such as tannining, crusting, surface coating, etc. The growing population, together with rising personal income levels, is one of the key factors boosting the demand for leather goods globally. Additionally, these products are selling well all over the world due to their usefulness, comfort, and affordability. To meet the desires of affluent customers, top manufacturers are also offering unique and stylish products. They are integrating cutting-edge technologies into their production process, like the automated cutting process, to offer variety and customised options. The growing vehicle industry also offers lucrative opportunities for market participants to expand their consumer bases. Indian Leather Industry Leather is one of the most trafficked goods in the world. The need for leather has increased due to the fashion industry, notably the footwear industry. In addition, the furniture, automotive, and interior design sectors all need leather. Due to its substantial export income, the leather industry contributes significantly to the Indian economy and ranks among the top 10 foreign exchange earners for the country. About 3 billion square feet of leather, or 12.93 percent of the world's total production of hides and skins, are produced annually by the Indian leather industry. This country produces nine percent of the footwear made worldwide. India is the world's second-largest producer of footwear, with an estimated 2.41 billion pairs manufactured each year (2017). India exported $5.69 billion worth of footwear, leather, and leather goods in the 2018–19 fiscal year. Industry Major Market Players: • The Estée Lauder Companies Inc. • L’Oréal • Shiseido Co., Ltd. • St. Tropez • Unilever • Kao Corporation • Beiersdorf AG • Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc. • Avon Products, Inc. • Clarins
Plant capacity: 600 MT per AnnumPlant & machinery: 37 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:270 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 63.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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