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Best Business Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agriculture & Horticulture: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE

Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy is one of the most significant part of India. Agriculture is the only means of living for almost two-thirds of the employed class in India. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Agriculture derives its importance from the fact that it has vital supply and demand links with the manufacturing sector. The agriculture sector of India has occupied almost 43 percent of India's geographical area. Agriculture is still the only largest contributor to India's GDP even after a decline in the same in the agriculture share of India

RESOURCES

Out of the total geographical area of 55.673 lakh hectares, the area of operational holding is about 9.99 lakh hectares owned by 8.63 lakh farmers. The cultivated area in the State is only 10.4 per cent. About 80 per cent of the area is rain-fed. Rice, wheat and maize are important cereal crops of the State. Groundnut, soyabean and sunflower in kharif and rapeseed/mustard and toria are important oilseed crops in the rabi season. Urad, bean, moong, rajmah in kharif season and gram in rabi are the important pulse crops of the State. Maize is an important crop where surplus is available for processing.

The State has made significant progress in the development of horticulture. The topographical variations and altitudinal differences coupled with fertile, deep and well-drained soils favour the cultivation of temperate to sub tropical fruits. The main fruits under cultivation are apple, pear, peach, plum, apricot nut fruit, citrus fruits mango, litchi, guava and strawberry, etc. The region is also suitable for cultivation of ancillary horticultural produce like flowers, mushroom, honey, hops, tea, medicinal and aromatic plants, etc.

Agriculture, being the main occupation of the people of Himachal Pradesh, has an important role in the economy of the State. It provides direct employment to about 71 per cent of the main working population. Income from the agriculture and allied sector accounts for nearly 21.7 per cent of the total State Domestic Product.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Under the State Industrial Policy, numbers of incentives are available to the investors in food processing industry. Processing industries of ginger, potato and vegetables in valley areas have great investment scope. Besides, the temperate climate of the State is quite suitable for production of disease free seed. The Government is encouraging private sector participation for exploitation of vast seed production potential.

The National Policy on Agriculture seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation. Over the next two decades, it aims to attain:

•        A growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector;

•        Growth that is based on efficient use of resources and conserves our soil, water and bio-diversity;

•        Growth with equity, i.e., growth which is widespread across regions and farmers;

•        Growth that is demand driven and caters to domestic markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising from economic liberalization and globalisation;

•        Growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.

The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources - land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture.

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bio products. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. The Biotechnology sector in India is one of the fastest growing sectors of the Indian Economy. As the sector is mainly based on knowledge, it is expected that it will play an important part in shaping the Indian Economy, which is developing at a rapid pace. The Indian Biotechnology sector holds immense potential in terms of research and development, skill and cost effectiveness.

RESOURCES:

Himachal has the potential to develop various types of industries using raw material base of fruits, vegetables, high value cash crops and other naturally growing herbal plants. These industries can be in the following: bio-pharmaceuticals, phytochemicals, bio-prospecting, fermentation, post-harvest processing, bio-processing, pharmaceuticals, biochemical, genetically engineered micro-organisms, enzyme production, environment protection and animal husbandry etc.

Biotechnology as a tool has helped in recovery of degraded ecosystem. Some of the methods based on plant biotechnology include reforestation involving micro propagation and use of mycorrhizae. Micro propagation has resulted in increasing the plant cover and thus preventing erosion and giving a climatic stability.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Efforts for establishing Biotechnology Parks with a mission to convert Himachal into 'Herbal Bio business Valley' are at advanced stages. The setting up of BT Parks in Himachal endeavours to create favourable environment for developing a strong BT-based industry as a business entrepreneurship to push the State at centre stage of progress in a short time. The main objectives of the policy are to:-

•        Upgrade infrastructural support to R&D Institutions to generate highly skilled human resource in biotechnology

•        Intensify R&D work in potential areas of biotechnology, including agriculture, animal husbandry, human health, etc

•        Conserve and commercially exploit bio resources of the State for sustainable development

•        Attract entrepreneurs for setting up of biotechnology based industries in the State

•        Promote diversified farming of high value cash crops, conservation and commercial exploitation of bio resources

•        Provide suitable institutional framework to achieve these objectives.

 

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILES:

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest industries in the world. The textile industry in India is the largest provider of employment after agriculture. This industry is one of the earliest industries of India to come into being; it is presently the second biggest industry in the world after China. Over the years, this industry has proved to be the provider of the basic requirements of the people. The industry holds a vital place in the Indian economy as it makes a contribution of 14 % to the industrial production of the country and at the same time sums up 4% of the total GDP of India. Along with contributing to the Indian economic scenario in terms of employment, involvement in the industrial production, foreign revenues the textile industry of India also contributes to the global textile economy. It contributes to the global textile fibre and yarn production.

RESOURCES:

Textile industry in Himachal Pradesh has grown at 12.78% CAGR (2002-2005). Textile industry in Himachal Pradesh is mainly focussed on spinning yarns. A few companies such as Vardhman are also engaged in weaving and dyeing. Handloom and carpet weaving have mainly developed as small scale industries.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

Pharmaceuticals: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Pharmaceutical industry in India is the world's third-largest in terms of volume and stands 14th in terms of value. The Indian pharmaceuticals market is expected to reach US$ 55 billion in 2020 from US$ 12.6 billion in 2009. The pharmaceutical industry in India meets around 70% of the country's demand for bulk drugs, drug intermediates, pharmaceutical formulations, chemicals, tablets, capsules, orals and injectibles. There are about 250 large units and about 8000 Small Scale Units, which form the core of the pharmaceutical industry in India (including 5 Central Public Sector Units).

RESOURCES:

Himachal Pradesh is emerging as the pharmaceutical manufacturing hub of the country. Almost all the leading pharmaceuticals majors have set up their units in our state or are in process of setting of units. Most of the pharmaceuticals companies setting up unit in Himachal Pradesh. HP is becoming a hub for pharmaceuticals manufacturing companies, with over 300 pharmaceuticals firms setting up units there. Pharmaceuticals companies waiting in the wings to set up units in HP include majors such as Ranbaxy, Cipla, Dr Reddy's, Nicolos Piramal and Dabur, among others.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Industrial licensing for the manufacture of all drugs and pharmaceuticals has been abolished except for bulk drugs produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, bulk drugs requiring in-vivo use of nucleic acids, and specific cell/tissue targeted formulations.

•        Reservation of 5 drugs for manufacture by the public sector only was abolished in Feb. 1999, thus opening them up for manufacture by the private sector also.

•        Foreign investment through automatic route was raised from 51% to 74% in March, 2000 and the same has been raised to 100%.

•        Automatic approval for Foreign Technology Agreements is being given in the case of all bulk drugs, their intermediates and formulations except those produced by the use of recombinant DNA technology, for which the procedure prescribed by the Government would be followed.

•        Drugs and pharmaceuticals manufacturing units in the public sector are being allowed to face competition including competition from imports. Wherever possible, these units are being privatized.

•        Extending the facility of weighted deductions of 150% of the expenditure on in-house research and development to cover as eligible expenditure, the expenditure on filing patents, obtaining regulatory approvals and clinical trials besides R&D in biotechnology.

•        Introduction of the Patents (Second Amendment) bill in the Parliament. It, inter-alia, provides for the extension in the life of a patent to 20 years.

 

Cement: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

The cement industry presents one of the most energy-intensive sectors within the Indian economy and is therefore of particular interest in the context of both local and global environmental discussions. Increases in productivity through the adoption of more efficient and cleaner technologies in the manufacturing sector will be effective in merging economic, environmental, and social development objectives. The Indian cement industry is highly fragmented with the top few accounting for more than 50% of the industry capacity. The rest is distributed among the large number of small players. The cement industry in India has come forward as the second largest in the world, showing a total capacity of around 230 MT (including mini plants). However, on account of low per capita consumption of cement in the country (156 kg/year as compared to world average of 260 kg) there is still a huge potential for growth of the industry.

RESOURCES:

Himachal Pradesh has ample supply of quality limestone. State exports approximately half of the cement production to other states. The annual cement production of Himachal Pradesh is likely to increase further with the commissioning of a new facility in 2015. Already, the state is producing more than 9 million tonnes of cement. Three new cement plants have been approved. The major companies are Larsen and Toubro, Grasim industries and Harish Chandra limited

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government of India has set ambitious plans to increase the production of cement in the country, and to attain the target the government has made huge investments in the sector. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls under the central Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is the agency that is responsible for the development of the cement industry in the country. The agency is actively involved in keeping track of the performance of cement companies in the country and provides assistance and suitable incentives when required by the company. The department is also involved in framing and administering the industrial policy for foreign direct investments in the sector. Apart from formulating policies, the department also promotes the industry to attract new foreign investments in the sector.

 

Livestock: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

PROFILE:

Livestock sector plays a critical role in the welfare of India's rural population. It contributes nine percent to Gross Domestic Product and employs eight percent of the labour force. This sector is emerging as an important growth leverage of the Indian economy. As a component of agricultural sector, its share in gross domestic product has been rising gradually, while that of crop sector has been on the decline. In recent years, livestock output has grown at a rate of about 5 percent a year, higher than the growth in agricultural sector.

RESOURCES:

Livestock keeping is very common in Himachal Pradesh. 19 out of every 20 households keep at least one of the species of livestock. Bovine is most common species, of the total households in Himachal Pradesh 91.39 % have bovine. Goat is next important livestock in the state. Nearly one fourth of the total household’s rear goat. Similarly two out of every fine household keeps a sheep. Households keeping poultry accounted for 5.54% of the total households in the state.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

•        Improve staff skills in management, working with communities and additional skills in project planning, implementation monitoring/evaluation and documentation and enhance the effectiveness of services, through development of process and organization skills within staff along with strong technical knowledge. 

•        Set up a HID Cell to function as a planning and monitoring hub for AHD personnel and their professional development for the department.

•        Establish functional linkages through a supportive administrative framework to further the objectives of the livestock sector policy with important line departments like Panchayati Raj, Rural Development, Health Care and Agriculture along with NGOs and CBOs down to the village level.

•        Set up an empowered  decentralized district  Level  Committee  on livestock resource  development to  disseminate   breeding  and  animal  health  services  in the districts and monitor the development and funds generated.

Most importantly the policy itself speaks of poverty reduction as one of its primary goals and envisions livestock sector growth with a human face. The draft policy has a renewed focus on improving the livelihood and self-reliance of the poor and other underprivileged sections of the rural society through sustainable development of the sector.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

Himachal Pradesh has a natural advantage for the development of tourism as an industry. The State has a rich treasure of places of pilgrimage and anthropological value. It is endowed with geographical and cultural diversity, clean, peaceful and beautiful environment. It has also the pride of being the home to Rishies like Vyas, Prashar,Vashist, Markandey and Lamas, etc. Hot water springs, historic forts, forests, mountains, rivers and rivulets, natural and man-made lakes, etc. are sources of immense pleasure and joy to the tourists. The tribal areas of Himachal Pradesh are known for natural beauty and have recently been opened up to foreign tourists. Tourism industry has been given very high priority and the Government has developed appropriate infrastructure for its development, which includes provision of public utility services, roads, communication network, airports, transport facilities, water supply, civic amenities, etc.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and feel India from within.

 

Waste management and recycling: Project Opportunities in Himachal Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, also, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socio-economic development.

Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

After its success in banning plastic bags in the state, Himachal Pradesh government would be considering imposing ban on use of plastic disposables – cups, plates and glasses – to further strengthen the movement of protecting environment from non-biodegradable products. The State Government in a major move decided to employ a proven environment friendly technology, which uses recycled plastic in the bitumen mixture for roads and the outcome has been encouraging. Himachal Pradesh State Pollution Control Board constructed a stretch of road of approximately 800 meters by using approx. 530 Kg of shredded plastic waste between Tutu-Jubbar Hatti airport in collaboration n with Public Works Department and Municipal Corporation. The waste plastic such as carry bags, disposable cups, and thermocoles, laminated plastics like pouches of chips, pan masala, aluminium foil, and packaging material used for biscuits, chocolates, milk, grocery etc was used in the road construction.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Float Glass (Electricity Dependence on Solar (on Plant Roof Top) and Furnace Heat Recycling inside the Plant) Production Business

The compressive strength of float glass is often much higher than its tensile strength. Strengthening processes have been created in order to create paint where glass may be employed in more difficult circumstances than before. Pre-stressing is used in the majority of these techniques to introduce surface compression. To make float glass, glass from a furnace is poured into a chamber with a bed of molten tin. The Pilkington Process is another name for the procedure. The chamber's environment is precisely controlled. As it floats on the tin, the glass self-forms into the shape of the container. It spans 90 to 140 inches wide and has a thickness that is defined at the time of manufacture. The term "float glass," in contrast to hollow ware, refers to any glasses created in a flat form, regardless of the construction method. It wasn't until the middle ages that glass blowers first succeeded in using flat sheets of glass for windows and subsequent processing. Mechanical production techniques began to be developed after 1920. Today, handcrafted flat glasses are more often the exception than the rule. Uses Float glass has a somewhat greenish colour. Depending on the thickness and angle of view, this is stronger or weaker; the green colour of the edges shines out in particular. This is due to the presence of iron oxides in the glass's overall composition. Float glass: an integral part of everyday life Whether we are driving and staring through the windshield, unwinding on the glazed porch, or appreciating beautiful porcelain in a glass case, we are always surrounded by floating glass panes, whether we are aware of it or not. As a result of the float glass method's effective production of mirror-flat glass, which enables unobstructed vision. Applications Float glass is a flexible material with a wide range of uses, including commercial and residential construction. Building industry In residential buildings, smaller windows are made of float glass, while larger windows are made with toughened panes. Glass is used for windows for both aesthetic and functional reasons, allowing for the passage of light and providing occupants with a view of the outside. Displays Because of its brilliant clarity, float glass is the greatest material for displaying objects. They can be used as countertops, storefront windows, and showroom display cases to protect priceless items like expensive watches, jewellery, and so forth while still being able to clearly show off the beauty of the distinctive products. Facades Nothing conveys richness and elegance like the sight of dazzling, glass skyscrapers, and what better material to employ to construct the ideal building that is both visually beautiful and functional than float glass processed with glazing. Glass can be strengthened and made more useful by glazing, but float glass' unrivalled appeal and beauty are offered by its exceptional clarity. Wall Panels Whether you use wall panels to build partitions in your home or your personal cabin in the office, they are a great way to update the décor and increase the visual appeal of your rooms. Colored float glass wall panels can add the much-needed splash of colour and new life to a room. Because it is undoubtedly the most versatile glass of all, float glass must be employed as décor when beautifying your homes and places of work. as India's leading integrated glass manufacturer. Commercial Glazing Float glass is increasingly being used in commercial applications. It permits the construction of buildings and offers the advantages of being indoors, protected from the elements, while creating the appearance that one is outside (except the sun).Glass is becoming more common in buildings because it provides a beautiful and easy-to-maintain outside surface. The majority of the glass used in this application goes through a toughening process after being heated, it should be mentioned. In an era when environmentally friendly practices in the workplace and at home are receiving a lot of attention, it is critical to take into account the materials used in the construction of major commercial buildings. Market Outlook The Indian commercial glass market's small-scale, decentralized production sector has given way to a heavily organized sector. It is growing swiftly as a result of the introduction of new industrial infrastructure, particularly in the construction and automotive industries. Energy consumption effectiveness and the use of new technology are crucial factors in the efficiency of glass manufacturing facilities. India is one of the world's largest markets for glass used in construction. It is anticipated that as green and sustainable architecture gains popularity, consumer demand will increase along with urbanization and disposable income levels. The glass market is anticipated to see significant potential and to grow at a CAGR of more than 12 percent between 2019 and 2027. India's commercial glass market is segmented by type and industry. It is separated into four types: flat glass, specialty glass, container glass, and fiber glass. Due to growing consumer awareness of health and hygiene issues as well as a rise in the use of glass containers rather than plastic ones, container glass is anticipated to hold a sizable market position in India's commercial glass market. The architectural sector, which currently holds the majority of the market share and is anticipated to grow at the highest CAGR in the coming years, is separated into the food and beverage, automotive, and industry sectors. Industry Major Market Players: • Asahi Glass Company (AGC) • Nippon Sheet Glass • Saint Gobain • Metro Performance Glass • Hartung Glass Industries • Pilkington • Guardian Industries • China Southern Glass • Central Glass • Asahi India Glass (AIS) • Trakya Cam Sanayii • PPG • Fuyao Group • Taiwan Glass Group • Cardinal Glass Industries • Sanxia New Material • Shanghai Yaohua Pilkington Glass Group • Xinyi Glass Holdings • China Glass Holdings • Jinjing Group • China Luoyang Float Glass
Plant capacity: 8000Sq.Mtrs.PerDayPlant & machinery: 206 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:270 Cr
Return: 24.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Set Up Epoxy Hardener Plant

Epoxy hardeners are almost always necessary to produce an epoxy resin for the purpose for which it is designed. Epoxies fall short of the extraordinary mechanical and chemical characteristics that they would have without the hardener. The proper kind of hardener must be used in order to ensure that the epoxy mixture will meet the requirements of the application. To ensure that the resulting epoxy mixture will perform as planned, always conduct research on both the resin and the hardener. Epoxy hardeners with anhydride, amine, polyamide, aliphatic, and cycloaliphatic bases are prominent examples. Because of its outstanding cohesiveness, flexibility, toughness, chemical resistance, and moisture resistance, epoxy resin is used in inks, paints, and adhesives. Manufacturers and engineers commonly call for a substance that is lighter and more malleable than metal while still providing protection and sturdiness. Polyamide is a fantastic alternative. Because of its dependability, affordability, and ease, it is frequently employed in a wide range of industries and in the production of goods. Amide bonds keep the polymer polyamide together. Fabrics made of wool, silk, and nylon all include polyamides; wool and silk are naturally occurring polyamides, whereas nylon is a synthetic polyamide. Synthetic polyamide thermoplastics are important in engineering because they offer good performance at a reasonable price. Uses When polyamide is made into a fabric, it can have a woven structure, and when it is cast as a resin, it can have a structure that is harder and more robust. It may occasionally be braided for a unique blend of flexibility and strength. Advantages and Application Polyamides are very cost-effective. Because they are easy to move, they have lower production costs than metals and are less expensive to install than other materials. Ingress Protection Polyamide provides a reliable seal that won't leak. Since it does not retain odors, rats are less likely to find it attractive to chew through than materials like PVC and other plastics. Rodent-resistant braided sleeping is an excellent remedy for pest control problems. Noise Dampening It is a superb sound insulator, polyamide is a smart choice for loud areas where noise reduction can encourage productive work or reduce annoyance to nearby residents. Polyamide is often used in clothing and carpeting. It also regularly shows up in the production of items like fishing line, electrical connectors, gears, guitar picks, strings, and medical implants that must be both strong and flexible. Polyamide is used to create products that need both strength and flexibility. Food and Beverage The food and beverage industry uses polyamide systems to provide exceptional cleaning in areas where parts may come into contact with food. These techniques are common in factories and locations where food is packed. ? Cycloaliphatic Amine Hardener Cycloaliphatic hardeners are used in conjunction with liquid epoxy resins or epoxy resin that has been altered using reactive or non-reactive diluents. It is ideal for self-leveling floor coatings, high-solid protection coatings, and structural steel. Cycloaliphatic amines have excellent gloss and good film hardness in their film properties. Excellent performance at higher temperatures and excellent mechanical and chemical resistance, especially at heat cure temperatures. • High-solids coatings • Secondary Containment, Chemical-resistant Linings, Adhesives, and Flooring. Market Outlook: Demand for coating materials that are chemically resistant, incredibly durable, and exceptionally strong has surged in the metal industry as a result of the introduction of new, environmentally acceptable epoxy curing chemicals. Long-term need for epoxy hardeners will rise as metal protection demand increases globally due to factors including quick drying periods, high adhesiveness, and water resistance. Additionally, major investments in bio-based polymer research and development have been made recently as a result of growing financial and environmental concerns, potentially extending the market for epoxy hardeners. In order to address the industry need for ecologically friendly processes and products that support sustainable growth, manufacturers are making an effort to replace petroleum-based materials with polymers manufactured from naturally occurring feedstocks. The U.S. is predicted to hold 84 percent of the global market share for epoxy hardeners during the forecast period of 2021–2031, expanding at a CAGR of almost 5 percent. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) estimates that by 2037, there will likely be 8,270 commercial aircraft in use worldwide due to the rise in air freight. Similar to this, it is anticipated that as the existing fleet matures, US mainliner carriers' fleet will grow by 54 aircraft per year. Due to this, epoxy hardeners will likely become more necessary, which will strengthen the current fleet's resistance to outside effects. The paints, coatings, and inks industry, which is the main engine of this expansion, consumes a lot of epoxy agents. A strong chance for development structural adhesives are expected to see an increase in applications as well as public awareness in the Chinese market. One of the end-user sectors with the highest expectations for market dominance throughout the anticipated period is construction. Industry Major Market Players: • Corporate.Evonik • Arkema • Hexion • Huntsman International LLC • Cardolite Corporation • BASF SE • Cardolite Corporation • Kukdo Chemical Co., Ltd. • Dupont • Daikin • Bostik • H.B. Fuller Company • Sika AG • Freudenberg SE • Aditya Birla Group Chemicals (India) • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation • Dow • Solvay • Air Products, Inc. • Momentive
Plant capacity: Polyamide Hardener:6 MT Per Day Cycloaliphatic Amine Hardener:1.2 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 4 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:13 Cr
Return: 28.00%Break even: 66.00%
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Set Up Milk Processing Automatic Plant (Milk and Milk Powder)

Powdered milk is a dairy item prepared from cow's milk. Cow's milk is mostly made up of water, lipids, protein, sugar, and ash. Between 86 and 88 percent of the weight of cow milk is made up of water. During the skimming process, a sizable yet appropriate amount of cream material is taken out of the milk before it is powdered. The processed milk powder is put into fully galvanized metal cans or plastic bags after some vitamins are added. Because milk is a unique fluid that includes all of the essential nutrients in one handy container, it performs a significant role as a source of sustenance for newborns. After staple grains, milk is the second-most important source of nutrition for a huge number of people. The production of dried milks and products made from milk has become increasingly important to the dairy sector today. Milk powder is one of the most widely used and processed milks. Milk powder is produced using two different drying methods: spray drying and drum drying. Milk powder must have a specific composition. Processing dairy products is a nice project overall. Uses Milk powder is a typical culinary item. 2. It is the infant's whole diet. 3. Foods like ice cream, curd, butter, ghee, and other things are made with it. 4. Milk powder is used in every home. 5. It is used to create tea and coffee as well as milk-based foods in hotels and restaurants. 6. It is used in the production of cheese, yoghurt, ice cream, and lassies. Health Benefits • In skimmed milk powder, the proteins, water-soluble vitamins, and minerals are removed, but the fat and fat-soluble vitamins are still there. • Skim milk powder has almost the same levels of proteins (26%) and carbohydrates (37%) as liquid skim milk. The proportion of fat to water has been decreased to zero, nevertheless. Since it is believed to be fat-free and a healthy alternative to whole milk, those with high cholesterol and heart conditions can take it. Skim milk powder also contains vitamins A and D. Vitamin D promotes bone formation, but vitamin A helps with vision. For preserving and rebuilding skin, both vitamins are necessary. • Particles Thanks to the calcium it contains, skimmed milk can be reconstituted with water and used like regular milk for drinking or cooking, maintaining teeth and bones throughout life. When made with skim milk, milk-based beverages and chocolates can have a lower calorie content. Many ice cream products that are promoted as low fat include skim milk powder that has been reconstituted. If the recipe called for full fat milk, the low fat content would be useless. Skim milk powder can be used to produce biscuits, milk cookies, cakes, muffins, cupcakes, pastries, and other baked products. Indian Market India is a substantial producer of raw milk, with a large output valued at $26.9 billion in 2014. (The component for milk and dairy products). 150 million tons of milk were eaten in India in 2016, which accounts for 26% of global milk consumption. It is mostly used to prepare specialty Indian dairy meals that are regularly made at home, like ghee (butter oil), dahi (yoghurt), and paneer (cottage cheese). Additionally, it is employed in the production of chai drinks, which are a favourite among regular Indians. India has one of the greatest livestock industries in the world, with a population of 299.9 Mn cattle, buffalo, mithun, and yak. The rise of the dairy and milk processing markets in India is ensured by the steady supply of milk, the primary raw material for this industry. Skim milk powder (SMP) had a market in India valued INR 118.8 billion in 2021. It is a rich source of essential nutrients the body requires for overall growth. Due to its low moisture, fat, and milk protein content, it is frequently used as a whole milk powder substitute by consumers trying to reduce their calorie intake. The market has risen strongly due to a number of variables. The growing health consciousness of customers is primarily what is driving the industry. A number of additional factors, such as expansion into new regions, rising incomes, and improving standards, have contributed to the market's growth. Improving living levels and population growth. The market anticipates that it would increase at a CAGR of 11% from 2022 to 2027, reaching INR 235.6 billion. Global Market Milk powder is consumed all over the world and is a significant industry because it provides numerous nutrients, such as vitamin B12, thiamin, and significant amounts of protein. The fact that milk powder has a longer shelf life than regular milk also plays a role in the increased demand for milk powder. The global milk powder market is fragmented, with numerous domestic and foreign rivals fighting for market supremacy. The release of new products that offer natural or organic claims is currently the focus of companies' main marketing tactics. AMUL Fed, Nestlé S.A., Arla Foods, Fonterra Co-Operative Group, and NOW Foods are a few additional important players. One of the four new projects Amul invested INR 415 Cr in in 2021 is the new milk powder factory at Amul Fed Dairy. The daily production capacity of Amul Fed Dairy, a division of the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), has doubled from 35 lakh to 50 lakh liters thanks to the new milk powder factory. In 2017, the market for milk powder was estimated to be worth $27,783.3 million; by 2025, it is expected to have grown to $38,086.1 million, with a CAGR of 4.4 percent. Industry Major Market Players: • Danone • Nestle • FrieslandCampina • Arla • Vreugdenhil Dairy • Alpen Dairies • California Dairies • DFA • Lactalis • Land O’Lakes • Fonterra • Westland • Tatura • Burra Foods • MG • Ausino • Yili • Mengniu • Feihe • Wondersun
Plant capacity: Pasteurised Milk:10,000 Units Per Day Skimmed Milk Powder:10,000 Units Per Day Raw Cream By Product:4,200 Units Per DayPlant & machinery: 49 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:63 Cr.
Return: 27.00%Break even: 37.00%
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Flat Glass Manufacturing Business

Glass has a microscopic structure that resembles a liquid in which the constituent parts combine to form an unpredictable network with no long-range order. The term "glass" also applies to cooled melts. Glass in the form of flat sheets makes up the majority of transparent everyday items. In addition to photovoltaic and solar thermal panels, windscreens and windows for automobiles and other modes of transportation, windows, and building facades are all made with it. Numerous other products, including furniture, "street furniture" (such bus stops), appliances, electronics, and interior fittings and decoration, are also made using it, albeit in much smaller quantities. This component is necessary for today's civilization. However, because of its unique quality of transparency, people usually ignore it and the advantages it brings to their lives. Glass is any amorphous substance that is created by lowering the temperature of a melt, independent of its chemical composition or the range of temperatures at which it solidifies. Glass develops the mechanical properties of a solid body as a result of the gradual viscosity development. Glass melts at temperatures between 1000 and 2000 °C. Uses and Application Glass in Commercial Buildings Developments in glass technology, large commercial buildings may now be converted into energy-efficient structures that maximize natural sunlight while conserving the environment, the climate, and saving energy. Glass in Residential Houses Glass proves to be a particularly attractive and modern alternative to traditional building materials like brick, polycarbonate, or wood. How much natural light enters the house depends on how much glass is used. This enhances the comfort and pleasantness of the home with today's high-tech glass solutions without compromising environmental sustainability, security, or safety. Interior Design Innovative interior design alternatives made possible by glass can improve a space's impression of light and space while also introducing colour and movement. Due to advancements in glass manufacturing technology, this attractive material may now be used for structural purposes in addition to decorative ones, making it more useful than ever. Glass in photovoltaic applications Solar energy is directly turned into electricity using photovoltaic systems. There is a vast spectrum of technology available to achieve specific goals, from residential systems to utility size. The range of solar panel forms and colours available gives designers and developers more choice when integrating designs and creating integrated applications (BIPV). One of the other photovoltaic techniques is thin film, in which solar cells are made on glass using a number of thin sheets. In these technologies, transparent conductive coated glass can be used as the front glass on which the films are formed. The conductive coating, which also transmits the power generated by the modules outside of them, illuminates the photoactive films. Other Glass Applications Flat glass is used in a wide range of different applications in addition to the primary ones already mentioned in solar energy, transportation, and architecture. These actual examples demonstrate how glass can be a source of practicality, style, health, security, and safety. Appliances Appliances for the home, workplace equipment, and other uses frequently employ flat glass. Tempered glass is used for oven doors, which are designed to withstand extremely high temperatures. Drilled, silk-screened, and tempered glass is used to make stove tops and control panels in order to give high levels of thermal and mechanical safety as well as a beautiful appearance. In order to withstand shocks and prevent spills, refrigerators have shelves made of silk-screened, tempered, edged, and clipped glass. Dishwashers, washers, and dryers all have tempered glass on their drums and panels. Anti-reflective glass reduces the glare that reflects off of televisions, computer screens, glass cases, and other electronic displays. Photocopiers, scanners, and fax machines all need highly transparent glass sheets to help with document imaging. Furniture It is not affected by moisture and has a good resistance to wear and scratches, glass is extremely durable and requires little care. Additionally, it offers furniture designers distinct stylistic choices. Glass can be used to construct or be a component of the majority of home furnishings, including coffee and dining tables, bookcases and shelves, TV units, media storage, office furniture, lighting, aquariums, and other accessories. Glass furniture is particularly well-suited for settings where the amount of light needs to be maximized because it transmits and reflects light rather than absorbing it. It also gives off a vivid, bright appearance, which enhances both the actual and perceived illumination in an area. Radiation Protection Radiation protection is guided by three ideas: time, distance, and shielding. For a variety of radiation types, glass works well as a radiation shielding medium. In order to safeguard the operators, leaded glass is widely used in X-ray facilities. PET-scan (positron emission tomography) equipment also uses radiation-protective glass. Additionally, viewing windows for nuclear power stations are made of special glass that is made to protect against radioactive radiation. In the nuclear business, glass is used for radiation-shielding windows in the form of large blocks, some of which can weigh more than 4 tones. To stop radiation-induced browning, cerium oxide can be added to lead and non-lead-containing glasses. Indian Market The Indian flat glass industry is anticipated to reach a value of over $3 billion in 2021. Between 2022 and 2027, the market is projected to expand at a CAGR of roughly 7.9 percent. A rise in the global building and automotive industries is anticipated to cause a surge in the flat glass market in the ensuing years. The demand for flat glass used in solar applications would also increase as government funding on renewable energy sources increased. A significant expansion in the construction industry is predicted to accelerate market revenue growth in the near future. The rise of India's flat glass market is being aided by rapid urbanization and a thriving industrial sector. Additional factors boosting overall sales include the expanding usage of flat glass across a range of end users, including the construction and automobile industries. Top producers are also spending money on research and development (R&D) in order to make and market superior flat glass. The country's market is also growing as a result of rising corporate sector demand and developing infrastructure initiatives. The government's rising promotion of the construction of green buildings is also helping the market for flat glass. Global Market The market for flat glass was valued at USD 273.43 billion in 2021, and it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.3 percent from 2022 to 2030. The increase in solar energy installations worldwide and the use of glass architecture in both residential and non-residential buildings are expected to propel market growth over the course of the forecast period. Due to causes such the depletion of renewable resources, government regulations, growing environmental concerns, decreased installation costs for solar energy systems, advancements in technology, and rising electricity consumption, and the business is growing. Industry Major Market Players: • AGC Inc. • Saint-Gobain • NSG Group • Guardian Industries • ?i?ecam Group • Taiwan Industry Glass Corporation • Fuyao Glass Industry Group • Vitro, S.A.B. De CV • Central Glass • CSG Holdings Co. Ltd. • Other key players
Plant capacity: 4000 Sq.Mtrs. per dayPlant & machinery: 140 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:187 Cr
Return: 24.00%Break even: 30.00%
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ZINC INGOTS Manufacturing Business Plan

Zinc is an element in chemistry. Zinc is a slightly brittle metal at room temperature that turns silvery-grey when its oxidation is removed. It is the first element in group 12 of the periodic table (IIB). A single normal oxidation state (+2) and similar-sized Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions are just two of the chemical similarities between zinc and magnesium. After iron, aluminum, and copper, zinc is the fourth most used metal with an annual production of about 13 million tones. The largest producer of zinc worldwide is Nyrstar, which was formed through the merger of the Australian OZ Minerals and the Belgian Umicore. Applications and Uses Over 70% of the world's zinc production comes from mining, with the other 30% coming from secondary zinc recycling. Zinc that is 99.995 percent pure for commercial use is known as Special High Grade, or SHG for short. 95 percent of fresh zinc is recovered globally from sulfidic ore deposits, where sphalerite (ZnS) is almost always linked with the sulphides of copper, lead, and iron. Despite the fact that there are many zinc mines worldwide, the three largest are located in China, Australia, and Peru. Galvanizing: Steel objects are coated with zinc during the galvanizing process to make them corrosion-resistant. Galvanized steel is used to make a variety of items, including automobiles, structures, appliances for the home, and furniture. Iron Oxide: Zinc oxide, a zinc compound, is used to vulcanize many different products, such as paint, ceramics, and rubber. Die Castings: Zinc die cast alloy is used in several electronic components, hardware components, electrical equipment, etc. Alloys: A zinc and copper alloy is called brass. Industries: Furniture, chemicals, rubber, automotive, and batteries are just a few of the industrial sectors that use the pure, incredibly malleable, high-strength zinc ingots. Die castings made of zinc are used in many aspects of daily life, including construction and furniture fixtures and automobile parts. To produce cast goods in any quantity and size economically, there are several casting techniques accessible. Additional advantages of zinc die casting over other production methods include dimensional stability, precise casting tolerances, moderate casting temperatures, superior casting fluidity, reduced machining, thermal and electrical conductivity, faster production rates, extended tool life, and suitability for coating. Benefits EAF dust is a fine, dust-like material. This poses a problem when processing in a kiln since material fines become entrained in the process gas flow and eventually leave the kiln with the off-gases, rendering the process highly inefficient and pointless. Pelletizing the particles increases their size and prevents entrainment in the process gas. Global Market Zinc prices increased by 50% from May 2020 to May 2021, from $1,975 per metric tonne to $2,965 per metric tonne. The increase occurred after a two-year, 45 percent decline from the $3,500 peak reached in 2018. The price is currently 11.5 percent over the 5-year moving average. In 2022, the average spot price for zinc will drop from $2,700/t at the end of 2021 to $2,400/t, according to the World Bank's commodities outlook report. After then, a stage of steady expansion will start. In contrast, the IMF's estimate predicted a growth from $2,828/t at the end of 2021 to $2,859 in 2022. IMF experts predict a steady, progressive decline throughout the succeeding term. They anticipate a decrease in price to by 2026, they expect the cost to fall to $2,818/t. IISA (Industry Innovation and Science Australia) predicts a decline in the spot price of zinc from $2,686 at the end of 2021 to $2,362 in 2022, followed by a modest climb through 2026, which is more in line with World Bank forecasts. Production is expected to increase because to an expected 3.2% increase in Chinese output as well as additional increases in Italy, India, Japan, Peru, and the United States. The demand for refined zinc in Europe is anticipated to climb by 8.5% as a result of increases in France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Usage will only rise by 2.8 percent, though. In the US, the demand for refined zinc is expected to increase this year, In the US, India, Brazil, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and Turkey, there is expected to be an increase in refined zinc demand this year. Industry Major Market Players: • Roto Metals • Pushpa International • Exporters India • Hindustan Zinc • Nyrstar • Industrial Metal Supply Company • Advameg Inc • Phoenix Industries Ltd. • Siyaram Impex Pvt. Ltd. • Shree Metal Industries • Focus Technology Co., Ltd. • C. Kundu and Sons
Plant capacity: 6 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 45 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:525 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Setting Up Medical College With Hospital

In the context of health care, a hospital is an establishment that offers preventive, curative/ameliorative, palliative, or rehabilitative treatments. The definition given by the WHO, on the other hand, is quite inclusive and detailed and reads as follows: "an integral part of the medical and social organization whose mission is to provide for the population complete health care, both curative and preventive; and whose outpatient services reach out to the family in its home environment." The hospital is a center for bio-social research and for the education of medical specialists. A hospital is made to handle a range of ailments in patients. Doctors help the whole country by treating diseases that rob individuals of their health and cause them to suffer using medication and other treatments. Normal connections between educational institutions include colleges and hospitals. Hospitals offer O.P.D. and admittance services for the critically ill, terribly hurt, severely burned, and pregnant, victims, etc. Due to the growing incompetence of hospital doctors and their overcrowding, private hospitals were given a chance to succeed. Many private hospitals began to appear, offering comprehensive ECG, X-Ray, laboratory, 24-hour emergency, and admission services for ill individuals, seriously injured people, and pregnant women. Due to their belief that a person's life had a high price and that medical expenditures could be ignored, middle class and upper class families started favoring these private hospitals and nursing homes. A private hospital can provide care for anything from a minor illness to a significant surgical procedure. The amenities that can be found in a hospital are actually not constrained. However, the majority of private hospitals are furnished with the most advanced technology. In a hospital, it is essential to have surgeons, physicians, E.N.T. specialists, pediatric specialists, eye surgeons, and psychologists. Uses and Application 1. The applicant wants to pursue a career in medicine. 2. The applicant is the legal owner and occupier of the relevant land parcel needed by the Indian Medical Council to build the proposed medical college. 3. The applicant has a certificate of essentiality from the relevant State Government or Union Territory Administration stating that it is desirable and practical to have the proposed medical college at the proposed location and that there is sufficient clinical material available in accordance with Medical Council of India requirements. 4. The candidate has obtained approval from a renowned university to connect with the intended medical college. 5. The applicant, who resides adjacent to the proposed medical college, must own and run a hospital with at least 300 beds, the necessary infrastructure, and the ability to function as an educational facility in accordance with Indian Medical Council guidelines. 6. That the applicant has a realistic and time-bound plan to set up the proposed medical college, including the infrastructure facilities required by the Medical Council of India, adequate hostel facilities for boys and girls, and commensurate with the proposed student intake, in order to complete the medical college within four years of the date of grant or permission. 7. That the medical college would only allow students to enroll after receiving formal approval from the Central Government and verification from the Indian Medical Council that the facilities are suitable for starting M.B.B.S. 8. That the applicant has a realistic expansion plan that includes a timeline that complies with the requirements of the Medical Council of India by adding more beds and infrastructure amenities. 9. The applicant has the organizational and financial know-how necessary to establish and run the proposed medical college and its ancillary facilities, including a teaching hospital. 10. That the applicant offers the Medical Council of India two performance bank guarantees: one for a sum of Rs. 100 lakhs (for 50 annual admissions), Rs. 150 lakhs (for 100 admissions), and Rs. 200 lakhs (for 150 annual admissions) and the second for a sum of Rs. 350 lakhs (for 500 beds), Rs. 500 lakhs (for 700 beds), and Rs. 750 lakhs (for 1000 beds) for the establishment of the medical college and its infrastructural facilities. Indian Market The two primary parts of the Indian healthcare delivery system are the public and private sectors. The government's public healthcare system focuses on providing primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in rural areas, with a few secondary and tertiary care facilities in big cities. With a focus on metropolises, tier I cities, and tier II cities, the majority of secondary, tertiary, and quaternary care facilities are administered by the private sector. Currently estimated to be worth over $100 billion, the Indian healthcare sector as a whole is expected to expand to US$ 280 billion by 2022, indicating a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.0%. 22.9 percent CAGR for annual growth. Healthcare delivery, which includes prescription drugs, hospitals, nursing homes, and diagnostic centers, accounts for 65% of the market. The market for healthcare information technology (IT), which is currently worth US$ 1 billion, is expected to have grown by a ratio of 1.5 by 2022. According to a prediction by Deloitte Touché Tohmatsu India, the Indian healthcare sector, which is presently estimated to be worth roughly $100 billion USD, will increase at a CAGR of 23% to US$ 280 billion USD by 2022. There is a big chance to improve healthcare services because the proportion of GDP spent on healthcare is increasing. Rural areas, where more than 70% of Indians reside, are anticipated to grow in importance as potential markets. India will require an additional 600,000 to 700,000 beds over the next five to six years, with a potential investment potential of $25 to $30 billion. As a result of this need for cash, more transactions are likely to occur in the healthcare industry in the near future. From $5 to $15 million in the past, private equity funds now invest an average of $20 to $30 million in healthcare chains. A total of 3,598 hospitals and 25,723 dispensaries across the country offer Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Umami, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) care, ensuring that the general public has access to alternative medicine and therapy. An estimated 230,000 people will travel to India each year for $3 billion in medical tourism. The number of people travelling to India for medical care is expected to triple over the following four years, and by 2018, the nation's medical tourism industry is expected to generate US$ 6 billion. As more hospitals receive accreditation and recognition and as more individuals become aware of the need to raise their quality to meet international standards, Kerala wants to become India's healthcare hub within the next five years. • The sector is expected to be valued US$ 160 billion by 2017 and US$ 280-390 billion by 2022, respectively. • In April 2021, Tata Digital invested US$13.45 million (about Rs. 100 core) in the start-up 1mg, which offered prescription medications online and had begun the process of taking over management of the company. Industry Major Market Players: • Apollo Hospitals • TACT Academy for Clinical Training • Zimmer Institute • Olympus • Gundersen Health System • GE Healthcare • Medical Training College • A V P Research Foundation • Aakash Educational Services Ltd. • Adani Hospitals Mundra Pvt. Ltd. • Apple Hospitals & Research Institute Ltd. • Artemis Medical Institute & Hospitals Pvt. Ltd. • Asian Heart Institute & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd. • B P Poddar Hospital & Medical Research Pvt. Ltd. • Baby Memorial Hospital Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100 Students, 500 bedded HospitalPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:123 Cr
Return: 22.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Start Production Business of Rubber Granules from Waste Tyre

One of the most important chemical components is rubber, which is a polymer of butadiene. In today's technologically advanced world, it is widely used in many different fields. Rubber is used primarily in the production of tires for various types of automobiles, which is the industry that produces tires. Rubber is required as the primary component of rubber goods. Either natural rubber, which is typically cultivated on enormous plantations and has all the problems that monocultures have, or synthetic rubber, which is produced using crude oil. Both processes use a great deal of resources. At the end of the chain, the countryside is suddenly covered in mountains of discarded car tires. These garbage sites are now handled by recycled rubber and used tire facilities. Rubber from used tires does not easily biodegrade, not even after extensive processing in a landfill. Landfilling used tires causes soil and water contamination since the leftover tire rubber contains toxic and soluble components. Tire stockpiles act as a haven for various pests, and burning tires presents significant fire dangers. It is crucial to find an alternative to consumption or disposal of discarded rubber tires. Used tire rubber holds a lot of promise for uses in the construction sector. This rubbish usage would not only be economical but might also help to preserve the environment. Any material that is created by uniformly pulverising old tires or other rubber into granules and then eliminating any steel or other inert impurities like dust, glass, or rock is known as rubber. The primary raw materials utilized in the production of crumb rubber are tire buffing’s, a byproduct of tire retreading, and waste tire rubber. Scrap tire rubber is made up of three different types of tires: off-road tires, which account for 1% of units or 15% of the total weight of scrap tires, trucks, which account for 15% of units or 20% of the total weight of scrap tires, and passenger car tires, which account for about 84 % of units or roughly 65 % of the total weight of scrap tires. The final product yields for each of these tire types are influenced by the tire’s design, strength, and weight. 10–12 pounds of rubber crumbs can be produced by one passenger tire per year. Uses and Application Rubber may also be used in stadium flooring, brake pad factories, oil refineries, automobile industries, and brake pad factories. In cement factories, rubber is occasionally used as fuel. Four tires are equal to one barrel of fuel, and a tone of tires is equal to 700 kg of standard fuel. Numerous products, including shoes, tires, rubber connectors, oil seals, hoses, and related items, are produced in factories using rubber. Golf courses, aircraft pitches, basketball courts, and recreational fields; 10-20 mesh (0.85-2 mm): safety mats, gym mats, and other stadium floor mats. Rubber tiles, plastic track, grass sand, skin fragments, cottonseed meal, and leisure fields. Plastic insulating material, shock-proofing material, washers, recycled rubber, modified asphalt, fender, multipurpose mats, and stable mats are all examples of materials with a mesh size of 30 (0.6 mm). 80 mesh (0.18 mm) size rubber is available as reclaimed rubber, waterproof rolls, tire additives, sleepers, road humps, seals, buffers, pearl pads, rubber pistons, brake linings, and other rubber products. Rubber pavement blocks, cow mats, railroad crossings, detachable speed bumps, and gymnasium mats are a few examples of products created of rubber utilizing straightforward compression molding procedures. By removing the sulphur bonds that make up the molecular structure of recycled rubber, devulcanization is a method for restoring it without compromising its quality, appearance, or performance characteristics. This can be accomplished using a variety of techniques, including mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, and even the use of microbes. Other Unrelated Uses - Many items, such as playground swings, door mats made of tire strips, handicrafts, and shoe bottoms, are the result of imaginative thinking. All around Thailand, there are trash containers made from used tires. Market Outlook: The rubber industry in India is growing significantly. The demand for rubber granules in India has increased from 5% to 8%. The product's range is appropriate. The USA is estimated to be the world's largest producer, with approximately 300 million waste tires generated year. However, China and India are progressively increasing the amount of rubbish tires as more new cars are sold. Every year, more than a billion tires are dumped in landfills throughout the world. An estimated 15 million tons of used tires are generated annually on a global scale. Debris is piled high and deposited in landfills, endangering the environment and human health. Appropriate recycling of used tires helps to address these problems by recovering resources and giving the general public job and financial possibilities. Each year, more than 1.6 billion new tires are produced, along with 1 billion tires that are thrown away. However, the recycling industry processed only 100 million tires annually. Tire recycling is difficult due to the tire's complicated design and numerous intricate processes that make it virtually indestructible. Leading tire recyclers are spending a lot of money, though, on state-of-the-art equipment and technology that might help recycle tires for a number of purposes while also preserving the environment. According to the most recent research, the demand for Rubber granules is anticipated to develop significantly between the next assessment periods of 2021 and 2031, at a rate of around 4.0 percent to 6.0 percent. Due to increased demand for a number of applications, such as playground surfaces, drain construction, road construction, the automotive industry, and others, the market is expected to expand at a healthy rate during the upcoming years. Industry Major Market Players: • Liberty Tire Services LLC • Lakin General • Entech Inc. • Emanuel Tire Co. • Tire Disposal & Recycling Inc. • Mac’s Tire Recyclers • Golden By-Products Inc • Champlin Tire Recycling • L&S Tire Co. • Global Rubber LLC • Manhantango Enterprises Inc. • RB Rubber Products • BAS Recycling Inc. • Rumpke Consolidated Cos. Inc • Global Tire Recycling of Sumter County Inc • reRubber LLC • Golden By-Products Inc. • Colt Inc. Scrap Tire Centers
Plant capacity: Rubber Granules:5 MT Per Day By Product Steel Wire:0.5 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 60 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:207 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Manufacturing Business

Fiberboard (MDF) is a dry-formed panel product constructed from lignocellulosic fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder. The panels are compressed using a hot press to achieve a density of 496 to 801 kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3) (31 to 50 pounds per cubic foot [lb/ft3]). The entire interfiber bond is formed by a synthetic glue or other appropriate organic binder. Due to its smooth, tight edges, MDF can be machined and has a more even density throughout the board. Because it can be completed with a smooth surface and printed with a grain pattern, veneers or laminates are not necessary. Most of the heavier MDF panels used for furniture have a thickness of 1.27 to 1.91 centimeters (1/2 to 3/4 inch). Panels of medium density fiberboard that are thinner than 1.27 cm (1/2 in) are frequently used for siding. One of these is MDF, a product made of man-made wood similar to particleboard. Particleboard, which is merely a mixture of wood chunks and shavings bound together with resin, is a much less sophisticated material than MDF. To produce denser, stronger panels, finer materials can also be crushed more firmly. There are many benefits to turning wood into a fibrous material. It has absolutely no grain. According to this, MDF is remarkably stable and unaffected by changes in humidity. Additionally, the finer material creates a uniform, flat, smooth surface that is the best base for wood veneer and plastic laminate. MDF may be worked like any other sort of wood product as long as carbide cutters are used. MDF is often not polished or stained spontaneously. It is typically painted, covered in wood veneer, or laminated with plastic. MDF accepts paint well. MDF looks good after applying primer and several coats of paint, unlike particleboard or plywood where the surface grain is obvious. Uses and Application Due to the high level of consistency across MDF, cut edges will be smooth and free of voids and splinters. Because the edges are smooth, decorative edges can be made with a router. MDF's uniformity and smoothness make it simple to cut intricate designs with a scroll saw, band saw, or jigsaw. These designs might include scrolled or scalloped designs. MDF has an extremely flat surface, which makes it a fantastic surface for painting. Advantage Store fixtures, office and residential furniture, paneling, doors, jambs, millwork, edge shaping and machining, embossing, laminate flooring, laminating and finishing, kitchen cabinets Market Outlook The MDF market in India has grown at a CAGR of 5-8 percent during the preceding five years, and it is estimated to be worth H35 billion. The Central Government's decision to refuse new permits for the manufacturing of plywood has increased the gap between supply and demand. This is a positive development for the MDF market since it will increase the adoption of engineered panel materials. The primary raw material used to create MDF and particle boards is wood. The FAO estimates that the Indian wood-based panel industry's demand for wood has increased at a CAGR of 5.5% over the past 10 years and will continue to grow at a CAGR of 5% through 2020. Wood prices have been continuously rising over the past 10 years as a result of growing demand from the wood and paper sectors as well as strict Central Government forest preservation rules. Rising wood prices could have an impact on the company's profitability because it has no long-term agreements for the supply of raw materials. The demand for pre-assembled furniture consisting of engineered panels like MDF is increasing due to rapid urbanization. Compared to the global average of 80%, MDF penetration in India is quite low at only 7% of the total wood substrate market. The entry of significant, specialized players to the market, growing uses, and expanding awareness have all contributed to the MDF sector's 20 percent CAGR growth over the preceding five years. Given the high cost of plywood and the rising demand for MDF, we predict that the MDF market will rise at a CAGR of 15-20% over the next few years. Industry Major Market Players: • Arauco (Chile) • Centuryply (India) • Daiken Corporation (Japan) • Duratex (Brazil) • Fantoni Spa (Italy) • Greenpanel (India) • M. Kaindl KG (Austria) • Roseburg Forest Products (U.S.) • Rushil Décor (India) • Swiss Krono Group (Switzerland) • Uniboard (Canada) • Unilin (Belgium) • VRG Dongwha (Vietnam) • West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (Canada) • Weyerhaeuser (U.S.) • Kronospan (Switzerland) • Egger (Austria)
Plant capacity: 100 CBM per DayPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:31 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Manufacturing of Aluminum Ingots From Aluminum Scrap

Aluminum ingots are exceptionally large casting products in both size and shape when compared to blooms, billets, and slabs. Although an ingot's cross section is frequently rectangular or square, it need not remain the same all the way along the object's length. (The cross section of the ingot may change.) Aluminum alloy ingots like LM-2, LM-4, and LM-6, which are often used in gravity and sand casting, as well as pressure die casting alloys like LM-13, LM-14, and LM-24, ADC-12, and ALSI-132, are also made in accordance with Indian and international standards. 7 percent of the earth's crust is made up of aluminum, a thin, silver-white metallic element. It weighs almost a third less per cubic meter than steel (7480–8000 Kg/cubic meter) or copper (8930 Kg/cubic meter). Aluminum is malleable, ductile, and easy to cast, and it has good corrosion resistance and durability. When coupled with oxygen, it primarily exists as alumina and is mined as bauxite ore. India is home to around 10% of the world's bauxite reserves, which is used by a growing aluminum sector. The growth in domestic demand is expected to be between 8 and 10 percent. By 2020, India is expected to have installed aluminum production capacity of 1.7 to 2 million tones yearly. India produces about 3% of the aluminum manufactured worldwide. In India's largely centralized aluminum industry, there are just five main units. Uses • Sand and cold environments are suited for castings for maritime applications that require the highest level of corrosion protection. • Applied where ductility or corrosion resistance are required; appropriate for large, intricate, and thin-walled castings in all styles of molds. • Mainly used for castings in sand and cold conditions that need to be robust and shock-resistant. • Used in all applications, especially low pressure die casting that calls for LM 6's improved tensile strength following heat treatment. Useful primarily in applications requiring pistons and those with higher thermal stresses. • Requires specific foundry methods and heat treatment. This alloy is capable of withstanding greater loads and temperatures. It has strong wear resistance and machinability properties. • It is appropriate for use in moderately complex sand and chill castings where good mechanical properties are desired. Need thermal treatment. • Used primarily in pressure die casting. LM 6-like in appearance but tougher and easier to machine. • As a result of the smelting process, various grades of aluminum ingots are produced, which are then used to create castings for the electrical and automotive industries. Market Outlook It is anticipated that the annual increase in demand for aluminum will range between 4 and 6 percent. The demand for the metal is predicted to rise as conditions for user industries such as power, infrastructure, and transportation, which are all in motion, improve. By the end of 2019–20, demand is predicted to have increased from around 1.6 million units in 2013–14 to close to 2.4 million units, and then to over 3.4 million units by 2024–25. • It is anticipated that India's demand for aluminum will rise by 17–18% each year as the building, construction, transportation, and packaging sectors continue to grow. • From an anticipated 3.4 million tones in FY17, India's consumption of aluminum is predicted to rise to 5.3 million tons by 2020. • Aluminum is a key material used in the electrical industry's wide range of products, including the manufacture of aero planes and packaging. The two sectors of transportation and energy make for more than half of the total off take. India's primary consumer industries are power, transportation, durable goods, packaging, and construction. Power consumes the most of it, making up about 44% of the total, followed by infrastructure (17%) and transportation (6%). (3 percent). (Roughly 10 to 12 percent). Some of the main factors that are expected to continue to propel the growth of the global market include rapid industrialization in both developed and developing countries, an increase in construction and reconstruction activities worldwide, and widespread use of aluminum ingots in the construction sector for manufacturing windows, weatherproofing doors, screens, etc. An increasing focus on technological developments in the packaging industry and an increase in the usage of aluminum ingots in the manufacturing of cans and aluminum foil due to their light weight and simplicity of molding are two additional factors fueling the growth of the global market for aluminum ingots. Industry Major Market Players: • Aravali Infrapower Ltd. • Baheti Metal & Ferro Alloys Ltd. • Bothra Metals & Alloys Ltd. • Indo Alusys Inds. Ltd. • Namo Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • AlcoaInc • Rio Tinto Group • Aluminum Corporation of China • United Company RUSAL • Norsk Hydro • Dubai Aluminium Company • SPIC • BHP Billiton • Xinfa Group • China Zhongwang
Plant capacity: Aluminium Alloy Ingots:12 MT per day Aluminium Scrap:0.20 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 7 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:11 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Aluminum Foil (Pharma Grade) Manufacturing Business

Aluminum foil is a thin metal sheet. As a result, it can act as a full barrier to bacteria, gases, odours, moisture, mould, and other contaminants. Aluminum's high reflectivity allows efficient heat insulation, but its opacity is essential for preventing the deterioration of foods and beverages that are light-sensitive. It is used in packaging and non-packaging applications. It takes either continuous cold casting and rolling to make aluminium foil, or it includes rolling sheet ingots made of molten aluminium, then rolling them again to the required thickness on sheet and foil rolling mills. To maintain a constant thickness when producing aluminium foil, beta radiation is delivered through the foil to a sensor on the opposite side. If the intensity becomes too much, the rollers change, increasing the thickness. If the intensities fall too low and the foil thickens, the rollers raise their pressure, making the foil thinner. Lubrication is required during the rolling stages to stop the foil surface from forming a herringbone pattern. These lubricants are applied to the foil surface before it passes through the mill rolls. Although foil used for food packaging must be lubricated with oils appropriate for food contact, kerosene-based lubricants are routinely utilized. Due to its effective barrier properties against oxygen vapour and moisture, aluminium foil is used for pharmaceutical packaging. This makes it perfect for establishing an inert environment for the preservation of hygroscopic medicine tablets and capsules. Uses • Medication tablets, tea and coffee in bulk and unitized packaging, prepared foods, and bakery goods. • Wine; Frozen meat and seafood; Milk bottle caps; Lube Butter, margarine, powdered milk, household wraps, confections, biscuits, photography film, oils, greases, and cigarettes. Because it totally keeps out odours, flavours, moisture, bacteria, light, and oxygen, which can cause lipids to oxidise or go rancid, aluminium foil is frequently used in food and pharmaceutical packaging. Aluminium foil is used to construct long-lasting packets (also known as aseptic packaging) for beverages and dairy products, enabling storage without refrigeration. Aluminium foil laminates are also used to package a number of other oxygen or moisture sensitive foods, tobacco, and other products in the form of pouches, sachets, tubes, as well as tamper-evident closures. Aluminum Foil Market • Production optimization over the years, foil-rolling systems that are currently available can produce widths of up to 2150 mm and as thin as 0.006 mm at rolling rates of 2500 metres per minute. • A natural way to conserve energy would be to collect and purify the CO2 produced during the electrolysis process for later usage. By 2022, 6.4MMT of aluminium will be produced, predict industry specialists who have studied the market for aluminium foil. • Asia Pacific (APAC), the largest producer of aluminium foils, has a market share of 64% in 2017. Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) accounted for 20% of production, followed by North America (13%), and Latin America (3%). • Between 2017 and 2022, the APAC aluminium foil market is expected to grow at the fastest rate, between 7.5 and 8 percent. Global Aluminium Foil Market Size In response to consumer preferences for straightforward and lightweight packaging, suppliers have developed innovative aluminium foil packaging solutions for the organized retail and packaged food industries. It appears that the packaging of dairy products using paper and aluminium foil will expand in the future. The food and beverage industry is the primary end-use for aluminium foil, making up around 30% of the market. • The global consumption of rolled foil may increase by 5% CAGR between 2019 and 2024, with the transportation industry representing the largest market. • The use of packaging might surpass $27 Mn by 2022, according to market research on aluminium foil, as a result of increased flexible packaging usage and rising packaged food demand. • Pharmaceutical packaging, such the strip-pack in tablets, is driving up demand for aluminium foils, also referred to as pharma foils. Industry Major Market Players: • ACM Carcano • Amcor • Assan Aluminyum • Ess Dee Aluminium • Eurofoil • Hindalco Industries Limited • Huawei Aluminium • Laminazione Sottile • Shanghai Metal Corporation • UACJ Foil Corporation • Xiamen Xiashun Aluminium Foil Co., Ltd. • Zhejiang Junma Aluminum Industry
Plant capacity: 12 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 15 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:22 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 47.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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