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Best Business Opportunities in Bihar - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro and Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

Indian food processing industry is widely recognized as a 'sunrise industry' having huge potential for uplifting agricultural economy, creation of large scale processed food manufacturing and food chain facilities, and the resultant generation of employment and export earnings. The food processing sector in India is geared to meet the international standards. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has the mandate to develop standards and also to harmonise the same with International Standards consistent with food hygiene and food safety requirement and to the conditions of India's food industry.

RESOURCES:

Bihar is the seventh largest economy in India in terms of food production. Bihar is the leading State in the production of fruits and vegetables. It is the first largest producer of vegetables and second largest producer of fruits in the country. There exists huge scope of investment in the food-processing sector in the State. Private sector participation is being encouraged in packaging and food processing sectors to ensure better quality. Also, the State welcomes private investment for comprehensive development of tea industry and capital subsidy is available for setting up tea processing units. Even as the state of Bihar is being talked of as the next big hope for agriculture sector in the country, this sector also remains the most crucial factor for the state economy.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In India, agricultural trade policy is a part of a larger food and agriculture policy regime that seeks to maintain food self-sufficiency while providing income support to the agricultural sector and poor consumers. The Government of India (GOI) uses a variety of policy instruments in attempting to achieve these goals, including:

•        Domestic subsidies to inputs, outputs, transportation, storage, and consumption to reduce producer costs and consumer prices.

•        Border measures such as subsidies, tariffs, quotas, and non-tariff measures to protect domestic producers from import competition, manage domestic price levels, and guarantee domestic supply.

The National Policy on Agriculture seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation. Over the next two decades, it aims to attain:

•        A growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector;

•        Growth that is based on efficient use of resources and conserves our soil, water and bio-diversity;

•        Growth with equity, i.e., growth which is widespread across regions and farmers;

•        Growth that is demand driven and caters to domestic markets and maximises benefits from exports of agricultural products in the face of the challenges arising from economic liberalization and globalisation;

•        Growth that is sustainable technologically, environmentally and economically.

The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources - land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture.

 

Sugar: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

Sugar is one of the oldest commodities in the world and traces its origin in 4th century AD in India and China. Indian sugar industry is highly fragmented with organized and unorganized players. There are 453 sugar mills in India. Co-operative sector has 252 mills and private sector has 134 mills. Public sector boasts of around 67 mills.

RESOURCES:

Sugar industry is the largest agro-based industry in Bihar. This industry generates sizeable employment in the farm sector directly as well as through ancillary industries and related activities. It is estimated that about five lakh farmers and their dependents are engaged in the cultivation of sugarcane and approximately another half a lakh unskilled and skilled personnel, including highly qualified and trained technologists are engaged in the sugar industry in the State.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Commerce Ministry has formally issued a trade notice allowing export of sugar, subject to a quantitative ceiling of 10,00,000 tones for the licensing year 2000-01. The public notice dated 14th August' 2000 has been placed at the disposal of Agricultural and Processed Food Products Exports Development Authority (APEDA) for the purpose of issuing Registration-cum-Allocation Certificates (RCAC) to individual exporters. The Government had already announced that the exporters would be exempt from the mandatory levy for the quantity of sugar exported. The country expects to produce more than 18 million tons of sugar during October 1999-September 2000 along with a carryover stock of 6.7 metric tons from the previous season.      

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

The textile industry occupies a unique place in our country. One of the earliest to come into existence in India, it accounts for 14% of the total Industrial production, contributes to nearly 30% of the total exports and is the second largest employment generator after agriculture. Textile Industry is providing one of the most basic needs of people and the holds importance; maintaining sustained growth for improving quality of life. It has a unique position as a self-reliant industry, from the production of raw materials to the delivery of finished products, with substantial value-addition at each stage of processing; it is a major contribution to the country's economy.

RESOURCES:

Textile sector offers huge potential to the investors. The State has strong weaving traditions. The total number of weavers in the State is over 90,000. The major locations for the textile industry are Bhagalpur, Gaya, Nalanda, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Siwan and Patna. Bihar is the country's second State after West Bengal in jute production and jute textiles. Due to availability of raw jute, cheap labour, sufficient power, water and transportation in northern part of Bihar, some jute mills are located in this region. Jute mills are located in Karbisganj in Purnia district, Katibar, Muktapur in Samstipur district

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

Leather: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

Leather and allied industries in India play an important role in terms of providing employment to the large number of artisans and also earning foreign exchange through exports. The major factors responsible for the growth of Indian leather industry are availability of raw materials (hides and skins), cheaper labour, technology and Government policy support. Indian Leather sector exports account for Rs.10691 crores and provides direct employment to more than 2.5 million people and among them many belong to socially and economically backward communities.

RESOURCES:

Bihar has sizeable share of goat and cattle population of the country. Bihar is known for the best quality of cow hides, buff calf skins & goat skins since Bihar is very rich in cattle population. It produces 2.64 million bovine hides per annum. State has tanneries as well as footwear units in the private sector. In case of goats, Bihar state accounts for third rank in the country next only to West Bengal and Rajasthan. The leather tanning industry in Bihar consists of three important segments

(i)       Units established under Bihar Leather Development Corporation (BLDC) and its sister concern viz. Bihar Finished Leather ltd.

(ii)      a few private tanneries working at Muzaffarpur

(iii)     BATA tannery at Mokhamaghat

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry are:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semi-finished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme 

 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

Minerals are non renewable and limited natural resources and constitute vital raw materials in a number of basic and important industries. India has a large number of economically useful minerals and they constitute one-quarter of the world's known mineral resources. India produces 89 minerals out of which 4 are fuel minerals, 11 metallic, 52 non-metallic and 22 minor minerals

RESOURCES:

Bihar is a producer of Steatite (945 tonnes), Pyrites (9,539 tonnes/year), Quartzite (14,865 tonnes/year), Crude Mica (53 tonnes/year), Limestone (4,78,000 tonnes/year). Bihar has also some good resource of Bauxite in Jamui district, Cement Morter in Bhabhua, Dolomite in Bhabhua, Glass sand in Bhabhua, Mica in Muzaffarpur, Nawada, Jamui, Gaya and salt in Gaya and Jamui.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

NATIONAL MINERAL POLICY, 2008

Keeping in view the long term national goals and perspective for exploitation of minerals, Government of India has revised its earlier National Mineral Policy, 1993 and came up with a new National Mineral Policy 2008. Basic goals of NMP 2008 are-

1.       Regional and detailed exploration using state of the art techniques in time bound manner.

2.       Zero waste mining

For achieving the above goals, important changes envisaged are:

•        Creation of improved regulatory environment to make it more conducive to investment and technology flows

•        Transparency in allocation of concessions

•        Preference for value addition

•        Development of proper inventory of resources and reserves

•        Enforcement of mining plans for adoption of proper mining methods and   optimum utilization of minerals 

•        Data filing requirements will be rigorously monitored

•        Old disused mining sites will be used for plantation or for other useful purposes.

•        Mining infrastructure will be upgraded through PPP initiatives

•        State PSU involved in mining sector will be modernized

•        State Directorate will be strengthened to enable it to regulate   mining in a proper way and to check illegal mining

•        There will be arms length distance between State agencies that mine  and those that regulate

•        Use of machinery and equipment which improve the efficiency,

•        Productivity and economics of mining operation, safety and health of workers and others will be encouraged.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical, business and sports tourism. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors.

RESOURCES:

Bihar promises development of tourism to its optimum level. Rich in its historical traditions and ancient splendour, the culturally rich Bihar has derived its name from "Vihar". It has the sacred Ganga River as its lifeline and huge water mass in form of many rivers and rivulets in North Bihar, the Gandak, Kosi and many more and the vitally important Son River which forms the lifeline in South Bihar. With its rich heritage of antiques, artifacts, historical facts and figures going into its favour, Bihar is a blend of beautiful and bountiful nature, natural resources, the vital sparkling pure water, important archaeological finds, and rich culture. Herein, lies the history of the young prince of Nepal, Siddharth, transforming into Lord Buddha by getting enlightenment through sheer penance at Bodh Gaya under the sacred Bodhi tree which is attracting the Buddhists tourists for ages from across the world. Bihar has 22 Nirvan Sthals of 24 Jain Tirthankars attracting the people following the Jain religion. Development of these tourist's sites has been undertaken on a large scale to promote religious tourism.

Tourism has established itself as 'smokeless' industry in the world and its role in the socio-economic development of a country is well established. Bihar government has also given tourism the status of industry and development works in this pursuit have been undertaken.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the “Policy” attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

Animal Husbandry: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

A large number of farmers in India depend on animal husbandry for their livelihood. In addition to supplying milk, meat, eggs, and hides, animals, mainly bullocks, are the major source of power for both farmers and drayers. Thus, animal husbandry plays an important role in the rural economy. Today, India has the world's largest dairy herd (composed of cows and buffaloes), about 300 million strong, and is second only to the United States in milk production. India is also the world’s third largest global producer of eggs and the world’s sixth largest producer of poultry meat.

RESOURCES:

Animal husbandry is a core sector of the State economy. Being the 5th largest goat population state, Bihar contributes about 7.63% of India's total goat population. The state is also a habitat of 42.6% people below poverty line and hence there is a tremendous scope of goat farming to meet up the large gap between demand and supply of meat. Around 574000 goats are slaughtered annually in recognized slaughterhouses contributing 31.17% of total meat production of the state (175 thousand tonnes of meat in 2003). However, goat rearing is not well accepted by all classes of people in Bihar. According to economic census 2003, the total livestock population in the state was 407.83 lakh. Of this, 39.8 per cent are milch animals with 104.7 lakh cows and 57.66 lakh buffaloes.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Components of the scheme for animal husbandry are the following:

•        streamlining storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen by sourcing supply from industrial gas manufacturers and setting up bulk transport and storage systems for the same;

•        introduction of quality bulls with high genetic merit;

•        promotion of private mobile A.I. service for doorstep delivery of A.I.;

•        conversion of existing stationery government centres into mobiles centres;

•        quality control and certification of bulls and services at sperm stations, semen banks and training institutions;

•        study of breeding systems in areas out of reach of A.I.;

•        refresher training to existing AI workers, basic training to rural unemployed youth, training to professionals and organization of farmers orientation programmes; and

•        institutional restructuring by way of entrusting the job of managing production and supply of genetic inputs as well as Liquid Nitrogen to a specialized autonomous and professional State Implementing Agency.

Automobile and auto components: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

The Indian auto industry has the potential to emerge as one of the largest in the world. Presently, India is second largest two wheeler markets in the world, fourth largest commercial vehicle market in the world. 11th largest passenger car in the world and is expected to be the seventh largest market by 2016. The growth is a reflection of the emergence of India as a global automobile hub with almost all global auto makers having set up plants in India to cater mainly to the domestic market, as also the export market.

RESOURCES:

There is huge business potential in Automobile industry in the from Tenders, Procurement notices, public tender notices, online tenders, government tenders, domestic tenders, tenders notification, Bids, tenders news, tenders info and contracts available throughout the country.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A number of policy initiatives have been taken by the government to facilitate the automotive industry. These include:

•        Permitting 100% FDI in this sector & removal of minimum capital investment norm for fresh entrants.

•        Establishing an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars & a centre for manufacturing two-wheelers.

•        Conducting incessant modernization of the industry & facilitate indigenous design, research & development.

•        Leveraging State’s software technology into automotive technology wherever relevant.

Brewery: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

A brewery is a dedicated building for the making of beer, though beer can be made at home, and has been for much of beer's history. A company that makes beer is called either a brewery or a brewing company. The diversity of size in breweries is matched by the diversity of processes, degrees of automation, and kinds of beer produced in breweries. A brewery is typically divided into distinct sections, with each section reserved for one part of the brewing process. The Indian beer industry has been witnessing steady growth of 10 - 17% per year over the last ten years. The rate of growth has increased in recent years, with volumes passing 170m cases during the 2008-2009 financial year. With the average age of the population on the decrease and income levels on the increase, the popularity of beer in the country continues to rise.

RESOURCES:

Bihar is emerging as a brewery hub with major domestic and foreign firms setting up production units in the state due to availability of cheap labour and raw materials coupled with improved law and order and investment-friendly government policies. Beer consumption in domestic markets in Bihar has increased sharply in the last few years. Beer consumption in the state has risen 10 times in the past seven years. As per industry estimates, annual consumption is 700,000 cases. Nearly 70% of litchis manufactured in India come from Muzaffarpur and also the nearby districts. The firm is mulling to manufacture litchi-flavoured wine by mixing pulpy extracts of the fruit with various types of spirits.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The brewing industry is subject to extensive government regulations at both the federal and state levels, as well as to regulation by a variety of local governments. Some of the regulations imposed at the federal and state level involve production, distribution, labelling, advertising, trade and pricing practices, credit, container characteristics, and alcoholic content. Federal, state and local governmental entities also levy various taxes, license fees and other similar charges and may require bonds to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Specific alcohol taxation (as opposed to more general sales taxes) is primarily a federal and state right although some states permit some additional local taxation. The brewing industry must also comply with numerous federal, state, and local environmental protection laws.

Waste Management: Project Opportunities in Bihar

PROFILE:

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods.

RESOURCES:

Bihar was the third most populated state of India with total population of 82,998,509. Bihar generates 2600 tonnes urban solid waste per day while Kahalgaon-based thermal power plant produces 36 lakh tonnes fly ash annually. Bihar generates 3800 kg biomedical waste per day. The civic authorities have determined that 14 lakh population of Patna accumulate 700 metric tonne of solid waste every day. The equipment for treatment of bio-medical waste of the city has been installed and commissioned at the Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS). In effect, Patna will be free from bio-medical waste that is littered along its various roads and lanes.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Central Government notified the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections 3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Government of West Bengal are the nodal agencies for technical guidance and preparation of project report for the development of municipal solid waste management plan for the municipal authorities situated within Kolkata Metropolitan Area (KMA) and Non-KMA areas respectively. National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management- Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Baby & Adult Diaper and Sanitary Pads

Modern disposable baby diapers and incontinence products have a layered construction, which allows the transfer and distribution of urine to an absorbent core structure where it is locked in. Basic layers are an outer shell of breathable polyethylene film or a nonwoven and film composite which prevents wetness and soil transfer, an inner absorbent layer of a mixture of air-laid paper and superabsorbent polymers for wetness, and a layer nearest the skin of nonwoven material with a distribution layer directly beneath which transfers wetness to the absorbent layer. Thus, due to this property, the diapers are gaining huge consumption amongst the baby as well as adult population. Further, it is anticipated that the Baby Diaper market is expected to reach around INR 200 Billion by 2022, growing at a double digit CAGR over the forecasted period 2017-2022. Other common features of disposable diapers include one or more pairs of either adhesive or Velcro tapes to keep the diaper securely fastened. Some diapers have tapes which are refastenable to allow adjusting of fit or reapplication after inspection. Elasticized fabric single and double gussets around the leg and waist areas aid in fitting and in containing urine or stool which has not been absorbed. This is due to lack of awareness and economic inability for adopting better precautions like use of good sanitary napkins during menstruation period. Usually different varieties of sanitary napkins are found available in the market but they are very expensive and are not affordable for rural & under-privileged women and girls. In India, the technology for sanitary napkins available by processing of raw cotton spinning and weaving to napkins. On small scale, the processed cotton is purchased which is spinned and woven. Previously, in Japan, absorbent cotton was used for the purpose. But the use of absorbent cotton limited bodily movement considerably. P&G’s Pampers dominates the overall diaper industry, followed by Huggies and Mamy Poko. P&G’s lack of innovation and focus on higher margins amid aggressive strategies adopted by its competitors to increase their market share is expected to decrease brand’s market share in future. Japanese firm Unicharm, which sells Mamy Poko diapers, overtook Kimberly Clark in baby diaper segment nearly two years ago. In baby diaper segment, Pampers, Mamy Poko and Huggies constitute more than 85% of the market by value whereas in adult diaper segment, Nobel Hygiene and Actifit dominate the industry heavily. This facilitates the development of new technologies and ensures a high quality product. Few Indian major players are as under Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd. Centron Industrial Alliance Ltd. Diapers India Ltd. Godrej Hygiene Products Ltd. Gufic Biosciences Ltd.
Plant capacity: Baby Diapers (4 Pcs.): 84,000 Pkts./ day Adult Diapers (4 Pcs.):18,000 Pkts./ day Sanitary Pads (8 Pcs.): 48,000 Pkts./ dayPlant & machinery: 2167 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 4596 lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Hand Sanitizer

Hand sanitizers that do not contain alcohol usually contain benzalkonium chloride instead. They kill bacteria by disrupting their membranes, but we still don’t know how effective they are against certain types of viruses. The US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention say this type of hand sanitizer is less reliable for tackling Covid-19 than those which are alcohol-based. Hand sanitizer is a liquid or gel generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer kills many types of viruses by dissolving their fat membranes. It kills bacteria by disrupting its cell membrane. The product also usually contains hydrogen peroxide which kills bacterial spores. While older hand sanitizers were known to dry your hands, newer ones contain gelling agents which dramatically reduce skin dryness. Most of these hand sanitizers contain a combination of isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and ethanol. The percentage of alcohol present in hand sanitizer is key to its efficacy – those with less than 60 per cent alcohol will be less effective at killing microorganisms, and will just reduce their growth. India hand sanitizer market is projected to surpass $ 43 million by 2025. Growth of hand sanitizer market in India can be attributed to rising awareness about healthy lifestyle & wellness, shifting consumer preference towards convenient hygiene products and rising disposable income. Moreover, the strong marketing activities by leading brands, in addition to huge endorsements, are some other drivers of hand sanitizer market in India. Moreover, the COVID-19 outbreak has boosted demand for sanitizers like never before across the diverse end user segments. The rising healthcare investments for providing a high-end and safer medical environment for healthcare professionals by preventing hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) have augmented the demand for hand sanitizers in the medical sector. Furthermore, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country, the demand of hand sanitizers has increased exponentially since the start of 2020. Growth of hand sanitizer market in India can be attributed to rising awareness about healthy lifestyle & wellness, shifting consumer preference towards convenient hygiene products and rising disposable income. Moreover, the strong marketing activities by leading brands, in addition to huge endorsements, are some other drivers of hand sanitizer market in India. Moreover, the COVID-19 outbreak has boosted demand for sanitizers like never before across the diverse end user segments. Hand Sanitizer Market size is projected to cross $2 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 7.8% during the forecast period 2020-2025. Hand Sanitizer is an antiseptic disinfectant available in the form of a liquid, gel, foam and many others. It is said to be more effective than soaps due to its ability to eliminate most microorganisms. Public awareness campaigns by global health authorities such as the WHO (World Health Organization) also play a significant role in promoting the use of hand sanitizers. Increasing consumer awareness about hygiene coupled with such government initiatives are driving the hand sanitizer market. According to findings, there is a preference for using hand sanitizer by 77.0% of the population covered in a survey, while 23.0% claim to not to use the product. The 77.0% population in the favor of using hand sanitizer is comprised of 37.5% male users and 62.5% of female users. Moreover, key manufacturers are adding to their product line in order to increase their market share with increasing awareness. Few Indian major players are as under 3M India Ltd. Apollo Home Healthcare (India) Ltd. Colgate-Palmolive (India) Ltd. Dabur India Ltd. Godrej Hygiene Care Pvt. Ltd. [Merged] Himalaya Drug Co. Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Hand Sanitizer (50 ml size Bolltes):10,000 Bottles/dayPlant & machinery: Rs 16 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 156 lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 62.00%
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Surgical & N95 Masks

A surgical mask, also known as a procedure mask, medical mask or simply as a face mask, is intended to be worn by health professionals during surgery and during nursing to catch the bacteria shed in liquid droplets and aerosols from the wearer's mouth and nose. They are not designed to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne bacteria or virus particles and are less effective than respirators, such as N95 or FFP masks, which provide better protection due to their material, shape and tight seal. Surgical masks are designed to keep operating rooms sterile, preventing germs from the mouth and nose of a wearer from contaminating a patient during surgery. Although they have seen a rise in popularity among consumers during outbreaks such as the coronavirus, surgical masks are not designed to filter out viruses, which are smaller than germs. The India surgical mask market is driven by various factors, such as increase in elderly population, increase in adoption of surgical mask in the general population, and surge in prevalence of contagious and chronic diseases such as tuberculosis and asthma. Furthermore, rise in the number of medical device manufacturing companies is also anticipated to supplement the growth of the surgical masks industry. The world is currently experiencing the pandemic of an infectious disease called COVID-19. This infection leads to multiple organ failure, acute & severe respiratory disorders, pneumonia, and even death in severe cases. Hence, surge in number of people with coronavirus infections is anticipated to drive the global surgical face masks market. According to the World Health Organization, globally, 823,626 confirmed and 72,736 new cases of COVID-19 were recorded as of April 1, 2020. The effectiveness of surgical face mask in blocking the transmission of SARS is 68%. Therefore, it is widely used by medical workers as part of droplet transmission precaution when caring for patients with respiratory infections. Hence, increase in use of surgical face masks is projected to fuel the growth of the global surgical face masks market. Furthermore, vulnerable populations, such as older adults with chronic conditions, are at high risk of infectious diseases, including COVID-19. Hence, the use of face mask to prevent infections by the geriatric population is anticipated to drive the global market. Additionally, in the context of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak, the World Health Organization recommends the use of masks in home and health care settings. This in turn increases demand for surgical marks. Hence, rise in demand for surgical masks is likely boost the growth of the global market. The use of face mask is vital to control infectious diseases, especially in circumventing droplet transmission. The India surgical mask market accounted for $58 million in 2017, and is projected to reach $95 million by 2025, registering a CAGR of 6.1% from 2018 to 2025. Surgical masks are made of natural fiber, such as cotton or disposable linen or synthetic materials, such as polypropylene. They are made of different layers including a hydrophobic outer layer, a middle filtering layer, and an inner hydrophilic layer to absorb the fluid and moisture. They are used as a barrier to avoid cross contamination by microorganisms and are used during surgical procedures. The surgical mask is used by surgeons during procedures and other medical professionals while interacting with the patients to avoid cross contamination of microorganisms. Thus, due to demand it is best to invest in this project. Few Indian major players are as under 3M India Ltd. Good Health Insurance T P A Ltd. Kimberly-Clark India Pvt. Ltd. Mediklin Healthcare Ltd. Surgeine Healthcare (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 3-Layer Surgical Face Masks (each Pkts = 25 Pcs.) :380 Pkts / day N95 Face Masks (each Pkts = 5 Pcs.): 1,900 Pkts / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 166 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 266 lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 66.00%
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A4 and A3 Size Paper

Paper is often characterized by weight. In the United States, the weight assigned to a paper is the weight of a ream, 500 sheets, of varying "basic sizes", before the paper is cut into the size it is sold to end customers. For example, a ream of 20 lb, 8.5 in × 11 in (216 mm × 279 mm) paper weighs 5 pounds, because it has been cut from a larger sheet into four pieces. In the United States, printing paper is generally 20 lb, 24 lb, or 32 lb at most. Cover stock is generally 68 lb, and 110 lb or more is considered card stock. In Europe, and other regions using the ISO 216 paper sizing system, the weight is expressed in grammes per square metre (g/m2 or usually just g) of the paper. Printing paper is generally between 60 g and 120 g. Anything heavier than 160 g is considered card. The weight of a ream therefore depends on the dimensions of the paper and its thickness. These are normal printer papers commonly referred to as copy paper. They are used to print documents in which there is no or little use of graphics. They certainly do not support high res image printing. A4 is not only used as printing stationery in printer or copier from output of a page on computer. It is also used as international size for all sort of documents, like letters,forms,bit notice,posters, catalogues, magazines, In Engineering A4 size paper is the mostly used as hard copy of drawing or document in a handy way. Most commercial paper sold in North America is cut to standard paper sizes based on customary units and is defined by the length and width of a sheet of paper. The global cut size uncoated freesheet paper market was valued at $16,122.3 million in 2017 and is projected to reach $18,483.6 million by 2023, witnessing a CAGR of 2.4% during the forecast period. The growth of the paper industry in emerging economies and advantages associated with the use of uncoated sheet paper are driving the market growth. Cut size uncoated freesheet paper is a type of graphic paper manufactured using about 90.0% chemical pulp and 10.0% mechanical pulp. The product is available in the form of rectangular sheets in three sizes: 210 mm x 297 mm (A4), 297 mm x 420 mm (A3), and 215 mm x 345 mm (legal). Few Indian major players are as under Bajaj Kagaj Ltd. Bindals Papers Mills Ltd. Brijlaxmi Paper Products Pvt. Ltd. Chadha Papers Ltd.
Plant capacity: A4 (80 gsm) Size Paper:400 Packets / day A3 (75 gsm) Size Paper:300 Packets / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 19 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 60 lakhs
Return: 32.00%Break even: 70.00%
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Graphite Crucible

Graphite crucible can withstand the high temperature, and has good resistance to chemical erosions and thermal shock. Especially graphite crucible is ideal for the melting of aluminium, copper and other metals. Quartz crucible has the advantages of high purity, high temperature resistance, with big size, good thermal insulation, economization on energy, quality stability etc. Fused quartz crucibles are used in the manufacture of silicon metal for semiconductor wafer applications and polysilicon. In order to produce high quality wafers, starting materials are added to a crucible heated to high temperatures and pulled from the melt as a single crystal. Fused Quartz is one of the few materials that can combine the high purity and high temperature properties required for this process. Graphite crucibles are refractory containers specially shaped for metallurgical operations. Graphite crucibles are made from a mixture of graphite, refractory clay, grog, and other additives. These crucibles are used for melting ferrous, non-ferrous metals, alloys, and noble metals. Growth of the foundry industry is a major factor driving the graphite crucibles market. A growing industrial sector coupled with the increasing need for specialized metal and alloy castings is expected to enhance the demand for graphite crucibles during the forecast period. As per an assessment, 8.5% growth in foundry and casting industry is estimated across the globe. Therefore, the use of graphite crucibles is expected to increase accordingly. Development of modern small scale industries and positive outlook of the special casting metallurgical industry in countries in Asia Pacific is further estimated to drive the graphite crucibles market in the next few years. Few Indian major players are as under Diamond Crucible Co. Ltd. Graphite India Ltd. H E G Ltd. Pandian Graphites (India) Ltd. Rahul Graphites Ltd. S V I Carbon Pvt. Td. Zircar Refractories Ltd.
Plant capacity: Graphite Crucible (10 Kgs each) :800 Pcs/dayPlant & machinery: Rs 267 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 1034 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Production of Jute Fabric and Gunny Bags

Jute is a natural fibre obtained from the bark of the white jute plant or the tossa jute plant. It is also known as the golden fibre owing to its golden and silky shine, and is extensively used in the manufacturing of packaging products and textiles. As a packaging material, jute offers advantages such as good insulation, low thermal conductivity and moderate moisture retention. On account of this, jute bags are used as packaging material for bulk goods as well as shopping and gift bags. Jute is a vegetable fibre. It is very cheap to produce, and its production levels are similar to that of cotton. It is a bast fibre, like hemp, and flax. Coarse fabrics made of jute are called hessian, or burlap in America. Like all natural fibres, Jute is biodegradable."Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make burlap, Hessian or gunny cloth. It is very rough and is very difficult to cut or tear. The global jute bag industry is currently at a nascent stage with encouraging growth aspects. The demand for jute bags has witnessed a surge over the past few years, particularly in the European Union. This can be attributed to the growing environment consciousness in the region. The imports of jute bags in non-producing countries have also been facilitated by the ban on plastic packaging materials and bags. Additionally, the benefits offered by jute bags such as their biodegradability, durability, low cost, high strength, etc. have further supported the market growth. According to the report, the market is projected to reach a value of US$ 3.1 Billion by 2024. Few Indian major players are as under A I Champdany Inds. Ltd. Ashim Kar & Inds. Pvt. Ltd. Auckland International Ltd. Bally Jute Co. Ltd. Caledonian Jute & Inds. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Jute Sacks (0.6 Kg each):100,000,000 Nos. / annumPlant & machinery: Rs 1485 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 5168 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Spice Powder (Turmeric, Chilli, Pepper, Coriander and Cumin Powder)

Spices are woven into the history of nations. The desire to possess and monopolize the spice trade has, in the past, compelled manynavigators to find new routes to spice-producing nations. In the late 13thcentury, Marco Polo’s exploration of Asia established Venice as the most important trade port. Venice remained prosperous until about 1498. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope to reach Calicut, India. He returned with pepper, cinnamon, ginger and jewels, and also deals for the Portuguese to continue trade with India. India, known as the home of spices, boasts a long history of trading with the ancient civilisations of Rome and China. Today, Indian spices are the most sought-after globally, given their exquisite aroma, texture, taste and medicinal value. India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world. Traditionally, spices in India have been grown in small land holdings, with organic farming gaining prominence in recent times. India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices; the country produces about 75 of the 109 varieties listed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and accounts for half of the global trading in spices. Chilly is the largest produced spice in India. It contributed to the tune of ~% of the world production. This spice is used majorly in curried cuisines. It is also used in curry power, seasoning and other such spice mixes. MDH was the dominating player in FY’2015, with a market share of ~% in the total revenues generated from the sales of spices in the organized segment. The major factor for the dominance of MDH is the gigantic distribution network comprising of 1,000 wholesalers and more than 400,000 retailers in India. The Indian spices market is pegged at Rs. 40,000 crore annually, of which the branded segment makes up 15 per cent. According to Technopak, the branded space is dominated by national brands such as Catch, Everest, Ramdev, among others. The population in India is surging and the increasing consumer expenditure on food explains the swelling demand for food in India. Accordingly, the demand for spices is expected to grow in the future which will lead to a prominent growth in the revenues from the sales of spices in India. The revenues from India market are expected to expand to around USD 18 billion in FY’2020, growing with a CAGR of ~% from FY’2016 to FY’2020. The highest contribution to this growth is expected to come from the spice mixes and blended spices. The Indian spices market is worth INR 40,000 crore annually. Key spices produced in the country include pepper, cardamom, chilli, ginger, turmeric, coriander, cumin, celery, fennel, fenugreek, ajwain, dill seed, garlic, tamarind, clove, and nutmeg among others. The market is largely unorganized and the branded segment makes up about 15%. The branded market is dominated by players such as MTR, Badshaah, Catch, Everest, Ramdev etc. Recently, Tata Chemicals has launched its spices brand Tata Sampann Spices. Few Indian major players are as under A V T Mccormick Ingredients Pvt. Ltd. Akay Spices Pvt. Ltd. Bhavani Tea & Produce Co. Ltd. Cookme B B D Pvt. Ltd. D T A Amalgamated Foods Pvt. Ltd. Devon Foods Ltd. MDH Spices Oregon Spice Company
Plant capacity: Turmeric Powder :100.0 Kgs / day Red Chilli Powder:100.0 Kgs /day Pepper Powder: 100.0 Kgs / day Coriander Powder: 100.0 Kgs / day Cumin Powder:100.0 Kgs / dayPlant & machinery: Rs 12 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs 38 lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 75.00%
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Skill Development Centre

The role of education in facilitating social and economic progress has long been recognized. Education improves functional and analytical ability and there by opens up opportunities for individuals and also groups to achieve greater access to labour markets and livelihoods. A better educated labour force is essential if we are to meet the labour supply requirements of faster growth. Education is not only an instrument of enhancing efficiency but is also an effective tool of widening and augmenting democratic participation and upgrading the overall quality of individual and societal life. India’s population is huge at 1.21 billion. It is fast expanding at a rate of 17% and integrating rapidly into the global economy. India is among the ‘young’ countries in the world, with the proportion of the work force in the age group of 15-59 years, increasing steadily. However, presently only 2% of the total workforce in India have undergone skills training. India has a great opportunity to meet the future demands of the world, India can become the worldwide sourcing hub for skilled workforce. The challenges for India get magnified, as it needs to reach out to the million plus workforce ready population, while facing an ever increasing migration of labour from agriculture to manufacturing and services. With the government launching a number of schemes to empower the young workforce, the challenges magnify as there is a need for effective implementation of the schemes at the grass root level with equal participation from all the stakeholders concerned. India is one of the youngest nations in the world with more than 54% of the total population below 25 years of age. India is one of the youngest nations in the world with more than 54% of the total population below 25 years of age. India’s workforce is the second largest in the world after China’s. While China’s demographic dividend is expected to start tapering off by 2015, India will continue to enjoy it till 2040. However, India’s formally skilled workforce is approximately 2% - which is dismally low compared to China (47%), Japan (80%) or South Korea (96%).To leverage our demographic dividend more substantially and meaningfully, the Government launched the “Skill India” campaign along with “Make in India”. In this brief, we look at the Skill Development ecosystem in India - the need for Skill Development, initiatives taken by the Government and schemes introduced for skill government by the present government. India’s workforce is the second largest in the world after China’s. While China’s demographic dividend is expected to start tapering off by 2015, India will continue to enjoy it till 2040. However, India’s formally skilled workforce is approximately 2%- which is dismally low compared to China (47%), Japan (80%) or South Korea (96%).To leverage our demographic dividend more substantially and meaningfully, the Government launched the “Skill India” campaign along with “Make in India”. In this brief, we look at the Skill Development ecosystem in India - the need for Skill Development, initiatives taken by the Government and schemes introduced for skill government by the present government.
Plant capacity: Engineering Graduates: 250 Students / Batch Supervisory & Workmen Cadre:250 Students / Batch Each Batch 3 MonthPlant & machinery: Rs 291 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 1228 lakhs
Return: 15.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Ladies Undergarment

Lingerie has been an intimate part of a woman’s life since long. Until the pre-1970 era, innerwear was viewed as an essential ‘commodity’ with no focus from any retailer. The market was highly fragmented and was dominated by local and unorganized brands. Unorganised MBOs dominated the innerwear market until the 1990s, after which there was an influx of Indian and foreign brands. Organised brands came up and there was a gradual increase in the demand for them. Between 2000 and 2008, premium international brands started foraying into the Indian market. Indian brands showcased new designs and styles to woo the new age Indian women. The focus was mainly on the width of the product range. Men’s and women’s innerwear began to be sold through a variety of retail formats such as EBOs, LFS and departmental stores. They are considered as an important garment among females for properly supporting and covering their sensitive body parts, it keeps them fit for daily general works. It also aids to improve the figure of ladies and hence it is used throughout the world. India lingerie market stood at around $ 3 billion in 2017 and is projected to grow at a robust CAGR of around 14% to reach $ 6.5 billion by 2023, on the back of growing demand for lingerie sets, rising middle class population and increasing number of financially independent women. Technical advancements in lingerie manufacturing, with a rising number of manufacturers using luxurious, delicate fabrics and designs such as mesh and lace, is also augment demand for lingerie products in the country. Growing e-commerce industry coupled with rising demand for premium brands are some of the other factors that are boosting lingerie sales in India during the forecast period. Few Indian major players are as under Bodycare International Ltd. Creative Casuals (India) Pvt. Ltd. Gokaldas Exports Ltd. H-Lon Hosiery Ltd. Juliet Apparels Pvt. Ltd. Lovable Lingerie Ltd. Otto Clothing Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Bra:800 Pcs. / day Panties:800 Pcs./dayPlant & machinery: Rs 67 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 124 lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 66.00%
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Cold Storage (Shrimp & Agricultural Products)

India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices and spice products in the world and produces more than 50 spices. India is also a big exporter of Chilli, turmeric, cumin, pepper and many other spices. The country also imports various spices to meet its local requirement of taste as Indian dishes are incomplete without adding varieties of spices to them. Besides, quality of a sizable quantity of produce also deteriorates by the time it reaches the consumer. This is mainly because of perishable nature of the produce which requires a cold chain arrangement to maintain the quality and extend the shelf-life if consumption is not meant immediately after harvest. Ministry of Agriculture launched a “Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture” in 2014, under which cold-chain development is the thrust area, so that all other inputs in way of enhancing horticultural yields can have suitable recourse toreach gainful end-use. This Mission subsumes all previous major programmes for horticulture (namely NHM, HMNEH, NHB, CDB, NBM, CIH) of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation. India’s cold chain industry is still evolving, not well organized and operating below capacity. Most equipment in use is outdated and single commodity based. According to government estimates, India has 5,400 cold storage facilities, with a combined capacity of 23.66 million metric tons that can store less than 11% of what is produced. The majority of cold storage facilities are utilized for a single commodity, such as potatoes. Most of these facilities are located in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Punjab, Maharashtra, and West Bengal. The following table shows distribution of facilities by commodity. Indian cold storage market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 16.09% by 2020 driven by the growth in the organized retail, Indian fast food market, and food processing industry and e-commerce sectors. Cold storage market in India is expected to be worth US$ 8.57 billion by 2020. The estimated annual production of fruits and vegetables in the country is about 130 million tonnes. This accounts for 18% of our agricultural output. Due to diverse agro climatic conditions and better availability of package of practices, the production is gradually rising. Although, there is a vast scope for increasing the production, the lack of cold storage and cold chain facilities are becoming major bottle necks in tapping the potential. The cold storage facilities now available are mostly for a single commodity like potato, orange, apple, grapes, pomegranates, flowers, etc. which results in poor capacity utilization.
Plant capacity: Fruits, Vegetables and Shrimp Storage : 1000 MT Plant & machinery: Rs 286 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project :Rs 553 lakhs
Return: 13.00%Break even: 59.00%
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  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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