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Best Business Opportunities in Bhutan - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

The economy of Bhutan, one of the world's smallest and least developed countries, is based on agriculture and forestry, which provide the main livelihood for more than 60% of the population. Agriculture consists largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry. The economy is closely aligned with India's through strong trade and monetary links and dependence on India's financial assistance. Most production in the industrial sector is of the cottage industry type. Most development projects, such as road construction, rely on Indian migrant labour. Model education, social, and environment programs are underway with support from multilateral development organisations.

The industrial sector is in a nascent stage, and though most production comes from cottage industry, larger industries are being encouraged and some industries such as cement, steel, and ferroalloy have been set up. Most development projects, such as road construction, rely on Indian contract labour. Agricultural produce includes rice, chilies, dairy (some yak, mostly cow) products, buckwheat, barley, root crops, apples, and citrus and maize at lower elevations. Industries include cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages and calcium carbide.

Bhutan’s hydropower industry accounts for 32% of the nation’s economy. The dependency on a single sector is a potential risk factor, the report states. As an alternative revenue generation sector, the government is promoting tourism, which also hopes to generate employment. Like in most countries, the Cottage and Small Industry (CSI) play a pivotal role in the overall industrial economy of Bhutan.

 

Business Sectors

Agriculture Industry

Agriculture in Bhutan has a dominant role in the Bhutan's economy. Approximately 80% of the population of Bhutan are involved in agriculture. Over 95% of the earning women in the country work in the agricultural sector. Majority of the refugees in this Himalayan nation are also employed in the agricultural sector. Agriculture in Bhutan is characterized by its labor-intensive nature with relatively low intensity of farm inputs.

Major crops cultivated in Bhutan are maize and rice. Maize accounts for 49% of total domestic cereal cultivation, and rice accounts for 43%. Rice is the major staple crop. Agriculture in the country includes cultivation of wheat and other minor cereal crops. Paddy is the primary crop in those regions where proper irrigation is available. Apart from paddy, other crops like wheat, barley, oil seeds, potato and different vegetables are also cultivated in these lands. The primary goals of agriculture in Bhutan are to raise the per capita income of the people living in rural areas, to enhance self-sufficiency in staple crops, and to increase the productivity per unit of farm labor and agricultural land.

There may be investment opportunities in:

  • Dall Mill (Split Dalls/ Pulses for Chhilke-wali Moong, Urad, Arhar, Channa, Masoor)
  • Poha (Rice Flakes)
  • Atta, Maida Suji & Wheat Bran (Wheat Flour Plant) Roller Flour Mill
  • Rice Powder, Puttu and Wheat Powder
  • Biscuits & Candy
  • Rice Mill(Parboiled Rice)
  • Bakery industry, etc.


Minerals and Mining

The country’s mineral industry was small and insignificant to its economy and was dominated by the production of cement, coal, dolomite, gypsum, and limestone. Known resources included deposits of beryl, copper, graphite, lead, mica, pyrite, tin, tungsten, and zinc. Mining is one of the fastest growing industries in Bhutan generating average revenue of 54 million U.S. dollars or contributing 3 percent to country's GDP.

Industrial mineral products were the primary output of Bhutan’s mineral industry and included dolomite, graphite, marble and slate, and sand and stone. The production of a variety of stone materials and energy fuels had been increasing steadily in recent years and corresponded to the increased demand for these commodities in the construction sector. While major exports of minerals are made in raw form, Bhutan processes some of its minerals into value-added products such as calcium carbide, cement, and ferrosilicon.

Accordingly, Bhutan’s policies on mining and quarrying consider inter-generational equity. This is important since minerals constitute vital raw materials for the mineral based manufacturing industries and are a major resource for economic development of a country. Bhutan is endowed with rich mineral resources that has allowed for the sustainable growth of a mineral based industry and export base. This mineral resource exploitation and value addition has helped generate employment and can contribute towards poverty alleviation.

There may be investment opportunities in:

  • Artificial Marble Tiles
  • Granite (Marble) Polishing Batti (Bar)
  • Granite Marble Cutting and Polishing Unit
  • Calcium Carbonate from Marble Chips
  • Coal Washing Unit
  • Ferro Silicon Manufacturing
  • Gypsum plaster boards
  • Beneficiation of chromium, nickel and manganese ore
  • Integrated production unit of gypsum powder, gypsum board
  • P.V.C. laminated gypsum ceiling tiles, etc.


Livestock Industry

Livestock farming practices continue to evolve in response to rapid modernization and growing economic opportunities in the Bhutan Himalaya. Animal husbandry is an integral part of farming activities in Bhutan and, especially in the high altitude or alpine regions, animal husbandry forms virtually the sole economic activity. The consumption of animal products is an important element of the Bhutanese diet.

Livestock is an integral part in all Bhutanese farming systems. While most households rear livestock for home consumption, livestock farming and nomadic herding are the predominant activities in the alpine and cool temperate zones. Over 80 per cent of rural households own cattle. Other significant livestock include poultry (reared by about 65% of rural households), pigs (38%), horses (23%), goats (15%) and yaks (2%). Inadequate pasture land and poor access to markets are significant constraints to improving production, but increasing urban demand for livestock products is encouraging farmers near urban areas to keep better breeds and improve feed and fodder management. In the livestock sector artificial insemination covers not only Jersey breeds that are high yielding but also for the production of Jatsa and Jatsam that are local high yielding varieties.

The indigenous cattle are the most important livestock genetic resources for food, animal energy and household income in Bhutan. Poultry farming is one of the important livestock farming components in Bhutan.

There may be investment opportunities in:

  • Aquaculture Fish Farming
  • Prawn/Shrimp Farming
  • Poultry & Broiler Farming
  • Management of Rabbits/Angora Rabbit Farming
  • Goat & Sheep Farming
  • Poultry Farm for Producing Eggs
  • Animal Feed Using Date Pits, Discarded Dates and Other Ingredients
  • Pig Farming
  • Cattle Feed, etc.

 

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Flat Glass Manufacturing Business

Glass has a microscopic structure that resembles a liquid in which the constituent parts combine to form an unpredictable network with no long-range order. The term "glass" also applies to cooled melts. Glass in the form of flat sheets makes up the majority of transparent everyday items. In addition to photovoltaic and solar thermal panels, windscreens and windows for automobiles and other modes of transportation, windows, and building facades are all made with it. Numerous other products, including furniture, "street furniture" (such bus stops), appliances, electronics, and interior fittings and decoration, are also made using it, albeit in much smaller quantities. This component is necessary for today's civilization. However, because of its unique quality of transparency, people usually ignore it and the advantages it brings to their lives. Glass is any amorphous substance that is created by lowering the temperature of a melt, independent of its chemical composition or the range of temperatures at which it solidifies. Glass develops the mechanical properties of a solid body as a result of the gradual viscosity development. Glass melts at temperatures between 1000 and 2000 °C. Uses and Application Glass in Commercial Buildings Developments in glass technology, large commercial buildings may now be converted into energy-efficient structures that maximize natural sunlight while conserving the environment, the climate, and saving energy. Glass in Residential Houses Glass proves to be a particularly attractive and modern alternative to traditional building materials like brick, polycarbonate, or wood. How much natural light enters the house depends on how much glass is used. This enhances the comfort and pleasantness of the home with today's high-tech glass solutions without compromising environmental sustainability, security, or safety. Interior Design Innovative interior design alternatives made possible by glass can improve a space's impression of light and space while also introducing colour and movement. Due to advancements in glass manufacturing technology, this attractive material may now be used for structural purposes in addition to decorative ones, making it more useful than ever. Glass in photovoltaic applications Solar energy is directly turned into electricity using photovoltaic systems. There is a vast spectrum of technology available to achieve specific goals, from residential systems to utility size. The range of solar panel forms and colours available gives designers and developers more choice when integrating designs and creating integrated applications (BIPV). One of the other photovoltaic techniques is thin film, in which solar cells are made on glass using a number of thin sheets. In these technologies, transparent conductive coated glass can be used as the front glass on which the films are formed. The conductive coating, which also transmits the power generated by the modules outside of them, illuminates the photoactive films. Other Glass Applications Flat glass is used in a wide range of different applications in addition to the primary ones already mentioned in solar energy, transportation, and architecture. These actual examples demonstrate how glass can be a source of practicality, style, health, security, and safety. Appliances Appliances for the home, workplace equipment, and other uses frequently employ flat glass. Tempered glass is used for oven doors, which are designed to withstand extremely high temperatures. Drilled, silk-screened, and tempered glass is used to make stove tops and control panels in order to give high levels of thermal and mechanical safety as well as a beautiful appearance. In order to withstand shocks and prevent spills, refrigerators have shelves made of silk-screened, tempered, edged, and clipped glass. Dishwashers, washers, and dryers all have tempered glass on their drums and panels. Anti-reflective glass reduces the glare that reflects off of televisions, computer screens, glass cases, and other electronic displays. Photocopiers, scanners, and fax machines all need highly transparent glass sheets to help with document imaging. Furniture It is not affected by moisture and has a good resistance to wear and scratches, glass is extremely durable and requires little care. Additionally, it offers furniture designers distinct stylistic choices. Glass can be used to construct or be a component of the majority of home furnishings, including coffee and dining tables, bookcases and shelves, TV units, media storage, office furniture, lighting, aquariums, and other accessories. Glass furniture is particularly well-suited for settings where the amount of light needs to be maximized because it transmits and reflects light rather than absorbing it. It also gives off a vivid, bright appearance, which enhances both the actual and perceived illumination in an area. Radiation Protection Radiation protection is guided by three ideas: time, distance, and shielding. For a variety of radiation types, glass works well as a radiation shielding medium. In order to safeguard the operators, leaded glass is widely used in X-ray facilities. PET-scan (positron emission tomography) equipment also uses radiation-protective glass. Additionally, viewing windows for nuclear power stations are made of special glass that is made to protect against radioactive radiation. In the nuclear business, glass is used for radiation-shielding windows in the form of large blocks, some of which can weigh more than 4 tones. To stop radiation-induced browning, cerium oxide can be added to lead and non-lead-containing glasses. Indian Market The Indian flat glass industry is anticipated to reach a value of over $3 billion in 2021. Between 2022 and 2027, the market is projected to expand at a CAGR of roughly 7.9 percent. A rise in the global building and automotive industries is anticipated to cause a surge in the flat glass market in the ensuing years. The demand for flat glass used in solar applications would also increase as government funding on renewable energy sources increased. A significant expansion in the construction industry is predicted to accelerate market revenue growth in the near future. The rise of India's flat glass market is being aided by rapid urbanization and a thriving industrial sector. Additional factors boosting overall sales include the expanding usage of flat glass across a range of end users, including the construction and automobile industries. Top producers are also spending money on research and development (R&D) in order to make and market superior flat glass. The country's market is also growing as a result of rising corporate sector demand and developing infrastructure initiatives. The government's rising promotion of the construction of green buildings is also helping the market for flat glass. Global Market The market for flat glass was valued at USD 273.43 billion in 2021, and it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.3 percent from 2022 to 2030. The increase in solar energy installations worldwide and the use of glass architecture in both residential and non-residential buildings are expected to propel market growth over the course of the forecast period. Due to causes such the depletion of renewable resources, government regulations, growing environmental concerns, decreased installation costs for solar energy systems, advancements in technology, and rising electricity consumption, and the business is growing. Industry Major Market Players: • AGC Inc. • Saint-Gobain • NSG Group • Guardian Industries • ?i?ecam Group • Taiwan Industry Glass Corporation • Fuyao Glass Industry Group • Vitro, S.A.B. De CV • Central Glass • CSG Holdings Co. Ltd. • Other key players
Plant capacity: 4000 Sq.Mtrs. per dayPlant & machinery: 140 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:187 Cr
Return: 24.00%Break even: 30.00%
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ZINC INGOTS Manufacturing Business Plan

Zinc is an element in chemistry. Zinc is a slightly brittle metal at room temperature that turns silvery-grey when its oxidation is removed. It is the first element in group 12 of the periodic table (IIB). A single normal oxidation state (+2) and similar-sized Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions are just two of the chemical similarities between zinc and magnesium. After iron, aluminum, and copper, zinc is the fourth most used metal with an annual production of about 13 million tones. The largest producer of zinc worldwide is Nyrstar, which was formed through the merger of the Australian OZ Minerals and the Belgian Umicore. Applications and Uses Over 70% of the world's zinc production comes from mining, with the other 30% coming from secondary zinc recycling. Zinc that is 99.995 percent pure for commercial use is known as Special High Grade, or SHG for short. 95 percent of fresh zinc is recovered globally from sulfidic ore deposits, where sphalerite (ZnS) is almost always linked with the sulphides of copper, lead, and iron. Despite the fact that there are many zinc mines worldwide, the three largest are located in China, Australia, and Peru. Galvanizing: Steel objects are coated with zinc during the galvanizing process to make them corrosion-resistant. Galvanized steel is used to make a variety of items, including automobiles, structures, appliances for the home, and furniture. Iron Oxide: Zinc oxide, a zinc compound, is used to vulcanize many different products, such as paint, ceramics, and rubber. Die Castings: Zinc die cast alloy is used in several electronic components, hardware components, electrical equipment, etc. Alloys: A zinc and copper alloy is called brass. Industries: Furniture, chemicals, rubber, automotive, and batteries are just a few of the industrial sectors that use the pure, incredibly malleable, high-strength zinc ingots. Die castings made of zinc are used in many aspects of daily life, including construction and furniture fixtures and automobile parts. To produce cast goods in any quantity and size economically, there are several casting techniques accessible. Additional advantages of zinc die casting over other production methods include dimensional stability, precise casting tolerances, moderate casting temperatures, superior casting fluidity, reduced machining, thermal and electrical conductivity, faster production rates, extended tool life, and suitability for coating. Benefits EAF dust is a fine, dust-like material. This poses a problem when processing in a kiln since material fines become entrained in the process gas flow and eventually leave the kiln with the off-gases, rendering the process highly inefficient and pointless. Pelletizing the particles increases their size and prevents entrainment in the process gas. Global Market Zinc prices increased by 50% from May 2020 to May 2021, from $1,975 per metric tonne to $2,965 per metric tonne. The increase occurred after a two-year, 45 percent decline from the $3,500 peak reached in 2018. The price is currently 11.5 percent over the 5-year moving average. In 2022, the average spot price for zinc will drop from $2,700/t at the end of 2021 to $2,400/t, according to the World Bank's commodities outlook report. After then, a stage of steady expansion will start. In contrast, the IMF's estimate predicted a growth from $2,828/t at the end of 2021 to $2,859 in 2022. IMF experts predict a steady, progressive decline throughout the succeeding term. They anticipate a decrease in price to by 2026, they expect the cost to fall to $2,818/t. IISA (Industry Innovation and Science Australia) predicts a decline in the spot price of zinc from $2,686 at the end of 2021 to $2,362 in 2022, followed by a modest climb through 2026, which is more in line with World Bank forecasts. Production is expected to increase because to an expected 3.2% increase in Chinese output as well as additional increases in Italy, India, Japan, Peru, and the United States. The demand for refined zinc in Europe is anticipated to climb by 8.5% as a result of increases in France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Usage will only rise by 2.8 percent, though. In the US, the demand for refined zinc is expected to increase this year, In the US, India, Brazil, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and Turkey, there is expected to be an increase in refined zinc demand this year. Industry Major Market Players: • Roto Metals • Pushpa International • Exporters India • Hindustan Zinc • Nyrstar • Industrial Metal Supply Company • Advameg Inc • Phoenix Industries Ltd. • Siyaram Impex Pvt. Ltd. • Shree Metal Industries • Focus Technology Co., Ltd. • C. Kundu and Sons
Plant capacity: 6 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 45 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:525 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Setting Up Medical College With Hospital

In the context of health care, a hospital is an establishment that offers preventive, curative/ameliorative, palliative, or rehabilitative treatments. The definition given by the WHO, on the other hand, is quite inclusive and detailed and reads as follows: "an integral part of the medical and social organization whose mission is to provide for the population complete health care, both curative and preventive; and whose outpatient services reach out to the family in its home environment." The hospital is a center for bio-social research and for the education of medical specialists. A hospital is made to handle a range of ailments in patients. Doctors help the whole country by treating diseases that rob individuals of their health and cause them to suffer using medication and other treatments. Normal connections between educational institutions include colleges and hospitals. Hospitals offer O.P.D. and admittance services for the critically ill, terribly hurt, severely burned, and pregnant, victims, etc. Due to the growing incompetence of hospital doctors and their overcrowding, private hospitals were given a chance to succeed. Many private hospitals began to appear, offering comprehensive ECG, X-Ray, laboratory, 24-hour emergency, and admission services for ill individuals, seriously injured people, and pregnant women. Due to their belief that a person's life had a high price and that medical expenditures could be ignored, middle class and upper class families started favoring these private hospitals and nursing homes. A private hospital can provide care for anything from a minor illness to a significant surgical procedure. The amenities that can be found in a hospital are actually not constrained. However, the majority of private hospitals are furnished with the most advanced technology. In a hospital, it is essential to have surgeons, physicians, E.N.T. specialists, pediatric specialists, eye surgeons, and psychologists. Uses and Application 1. The applicant wants to pursue a career in medicine. 2. The applicant is the legal owner and occupier of the relevant land parcel needed by the Indian Medical Council to build the proposed medical college. 3. The applicant has a certificate of essentiality from the relevant State Government or Union Territory Administration stating that it is desirable and practical to have the proposed medical college at the proposed location and that there is sufficient clinical material available in accordance with Medical Council of India requirements. 4. The candidate has obtained approval from a renowned university to connect with the intended medical college. 5. The applicant, who resides adjacent to the proposed medical college, must own and run a hospital with at least 300 beds, the necessary infrastructure, and the ability to function as an educational facility in accordance with Indian Medical Council guidelines. 6. That the applicant has a realistic and time-bound plan to set up the proposed medical college, including the infrastructure facilities required by the Medical Council of India, adequate hostel facilities for boys and girls, and commensurate with the proposed student intake, in order to complete the medical college within four years of the date of grant or permission. 7. That the medical college would only allow students to enroll after receiving formal approval from the Central Government and verification from the Indian Medical Council that the facilities are suitable for starting M.B.B.S. 8. That the applicant has a realistic expansion plan that includes a timeline that complies with the requirements of the Medical Council of India by adding more beds and infrastructure amenities. 9. The applicant has the organizational and financial know-how necessary to establish and run the proposed medical college and its ancillary facilities, including a teaching hospital. 10. That the applicant offers the Medical Council of India two performance bank guarantees: one for a sum of Rs. 100 lakhs (for 50 annual admissions), Rs. 150 lakhs (for 100 admissions), and Rs. 200 lakhs (for 150 annual admissions) and the second for a sum of Rs. 350 lakhs (for 500 beds), Rs. 500 lakhs (for 700 beds), and Rs. 750 lakhs (for 1000 beds) for the establishment of the medical college and its infrastructural facilities. Indian Market The two primary parts of the Indian healthcare delivery system are the public and private sectors. The government's public healthcare system focuses on providing primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in rural areas, with a few secondary and tertiary care facilities in big cities. With a focus on metropolises, tier I cities, and tier II cities, the majority of secondary, tertiary, and quaternary care facilities are administered by the private sector. Currently estimated to be worth over $100 billion, the Indian healthcare sector as a whole is expected to expand to US$ 280 billion by 2022, indicating a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.0%. 22.9 percent CAGR for annual growth. Healthcare delivery, which includes prescription drugs, hospitals, nursing homes, and diagnostic centers, accounts for 65% of the market. The market for healthcare information technology (IT), which is currently worth US$ 1 billion, is expected to have grown by a ratio of 1.5 by 2022. According to a prediction by Deloitte Touché Tohmatsu India, the Indian healthcare sector, which is presently estimated to be worth roughly $100 billion USD, will increase at a CAGR of 23% to US$ 280 billion USD by 2022. There is a big chance to improve healthcare services because the proportion of GDP spent on healthcare is increasing. Rural areas, where more than 70% of Indians reside, are anticipated to grow in importance as potential markets. India will require an additional 600,000 to 700,000 beds over the next five to six years, with a potential investment potential of $25 to $30 billion. As a result of this need for cash, more transactions are likely to occur in the healthcare industry in the near future. From $5 to $15 million in the past, private equity funds now invest an average of $20 to $30 million in healthcare chains. A total of 3,598 hospitals and 25,723 dispensaries across the country offer Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Umami, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) care, ensuring that the general public has access to alternative medicine and therapy. An estimated 230,000 people will travel to India each year for $3 billion in medical tourism. The number of people travelling to India for medical care is expected to triple over the following four years, and by 2018, the nation's medical tourism industry is expected to generate US$ 6 billion. As more hospitals receive accreditation and recognition and as more individuals become aware of the need to raise their quality to meet international standards, Kerala wants to become India's healthcare hub within the next five years. • The sector is expected to be valued US$ 160 billion by 2017 and US$ 280-390 billion by 2022, respectively. • In April 2021, Tata Digital invested US$13.45 million (about Rs. 100 core) in the start-up 1mg, which offered prescription medications online and had begun the process of taking over management of the company. Industry Major Market Players: • Apollo Hospitals • TACT Academy for Clinical Training • Zimmer Institute • Olympus • Gundersen Health System • GE Healthcare • Medical Training College • A V P Research Foundation • Aakash Educational Services Ltd. • Adani Hospitals Mundra Pvt. Ltd. • Apple Hospitals & Research Institute Ltd. • Artemis Medical Institute & Hospitals Pvt. Ltd. • Asian Heart Institute & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd. • B P Poddar Hospital & Medical Research Pvt. Ltd. • Baby Memorial Hospital Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100 Students, 500 bedded HospitalPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:123 Cr
Return: 22.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Start Production Business of Rubber Granules from Waste Tyre

One of the most important chemical components is rubber, which is a polymer of butadiene. In today's technologically advanced world, it is widely used in many different fields. Rubber is used primarily in the production of tires for various types of automobiles, which is the industry that produces tires. Rubber is required as the primary component of rubber goods. Either natural rubber, which is typically cultivated on enormous plantations and has all the problems that monocultures have, or synthetic rubber, which is produced using crude oil. Both processes use a great deal of resources. At the end of the chain, the countryside is suddenly covered in mountains of discarded car tires. These garbage sites are now handled by recycled rubber and used tire facilities. Rubber from used tires does not easily biodegrade, not even after extensive processing in a landfill. Landfilling used tires causes soil and water contamination since the leftover tire rubber contains toxic and soluble components. Tire stockpiles act as a haven for various pests, and burning tires presents significant fire dangers. It is crucial to find an alternative to consumption or disposal of discarded rubber tires. Used tire rubber holds a lot of promise for uses in the construction sector. This rubbish usage would not only be economical but might also help to preserve the environment. Any material that is created by uniformly pulverising old tires or other rubber into granules and then eliminating any steel or other inert impurities like dust, glass, or rock is known as rubber. The primary raw materials utilized in the production of crumb rubber are tire buffing’s, a byproduct of tire retreading, and waste tire rubber. Scrap tire rubber is made up of three different types of tires: off-road tires, which account for 1% of units or 15% of the total weight of scrap tires, trucks, which account for 15% of units or 20% of the total weight of scrap tires, and passenger car tires, which account for about 84 % of units or roughly 65 % of the total weight of scrap tires. The final product yields for each of these tire types are influenced by the tire’s design, strength, and weight. 10–12 pounds of rubber crumbs can be produced by one passenger tire per year. Uses and Application Rubber may also be used in stadium flooring, brake pad factories, oil refineries, automobile industries, and brake pad factories. In cement factories, rubber is occasionally used as fuel. Four tires are equal to one barrel of fuel, and a tone of tires is equal to 700 kg of standard fuel. Numerous products, including shoes, tires, rubber connectors, oil seals, hoses, and related items, are produced in factories using rubber. Golf courses, aircraft pitches, basketball courts, and recreational fields; 10-20 mesh (0.85-2 mm): safety mats, gym mats, and other stadium floor mats. Rubber tiles, plastic track, grass sand, skin fragments, cottonseed meal, and leisure fields. Plastic insulating material, shock-proofing material, washers, recycled rubber, modified asphalt, fender, multipurpose mats, and stable mats are all examples of materials with a mesh size of 30 (0.6 mm). 80 mesh (0.18 mm) size rubber is available as reclaimed rubber, waterproof rolls, tire additives, sleepers, road humps, seals, buffers, pearl pads, rubber pistons, brake linings, and other rubber products. Rubber pavement blocks, cow mats, railroad crossings, detachable speed bumps, and gymnasium mats are a few examples of products created of rubber utilizing straightforward compression molding procedures. By removing the sulphur bonds that make up the molecular structure of recycled rubber, devulcanization is a method for restoring it without compromising its quality, appearance, or performance characteristics. This can be accomplished using a variety of techniques, including mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, and even the use of microbes. Other Unrelated Uses - Many items, such as playground swings, door mats made of tire strips, handicrafts, and shoe bottoms, are the result of imaginative thinking. All around Thailand, there are trash containers made from used tires. Market Outlook: The rubber industry in India is growing significantly. The demand for rubber granules in India has increased from 5% to 8%. The product's range is appropriate. The USA is estimated to be the world's largest producer, with approximately 300 million waste tires generated year. However, China and India are progressively increasing the amount of rubbish tires as more new cars are sold. Every year, more than a billion tires are dumped in landfills throughout the world. An estimated 15 million tons of used tires are generated annually on a global scale. Debris is piled high and deposited in landfills, endangering the environment and human health. Appropriate recycling of used tires helps to address these problems by recovering resources and giving the general public job and financial possibilities. Each year, more than 1.6 billion new tires are produced, along with 1 billion tires that are thrown away. However, the recycling industry processed only 100 million tires annually. Tire recycling is difficult due to the tire's complicated design and numerous intricate processes that make it virtually indestructible. Leading tire recyclers are spending a lot of money, though, on state-of-the-art equipment and technology that might help recycle tires for a number of purposes while also preserving the environment. According to the most recent research, the demand for Rubber granules is anticipated to develop significantly between the next assessment periods of 2021 and 2031, at a rate of around 4.0 percent to 6.0 percent. Due to increased demand for a number of applications, such as playground surfaces, drain construction, road construction, the automotive industry, and others, the market is expected to expand at a healthy rate during the upcoming years. Industry Major Market Players: • Liberty Tire Services LLC • Lakin General • Entech Inc. • Emanuel Tire Co. • Tire Disposal & Recycling Inc. • Mac’s Tire Recyclers • Golden By-Products Inc • Champlin Tire Recycling • L&S Tire Co. • Global Rubber LLC • Manhantango Enterprises Inc. • RB Rubber Products • BAS Recycling Inc. • Rumpke Consolidated Cos. Inc • Global Tire Recycling of Sumter County Inc • reRubber LLC • Golden By-Products Inc. • Colt Inc. Scrap Tire Centers
Plant capacity: Rubber Granules:5 MT Per Day By Product Steel Wire:0.5 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 60 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:207 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Manufacturing Business

Fiberboard (MDF) is a dry-formed panel product constructed from lignocellulosic fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder. The panels are compressed using a hot press to achieve a density of 496 to 801 kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3) (31 to 50 pounds per cubic foot [lb/ft3]). The entire interfiber bond is formed by a synthetic glue or other appropriate organic binder. Due to its smooth, tight edges, MDF can be machined and has a more even density throughout the board. Because it can be completed with a smooth surface and printed with a grain pattern, veneers or laminates are not necessary. Most of the heavier MDF panels used for furniture have a thickness of 1.27 to 1.91 centimeters (1/2 to 3/4 inch). Panels of medium density fiberboard that are thinner than 1.27 cm (1/2 in) are frequently used for siding. One of these is MDF, a product made of man-made wood similar to particleboard. Particleboard, which is merely a mixture of wood chunks and shavings bound together with resin, is a much less sophisticated material than MDF. To produce denser, stronger panels, finer materials can also be crushed more firmly. There are many benefits to turning wood into a fibrous material. It has absolutely no grain. According to this, MDF is remarkably stable and unaffected by changes in humidity. Additionally, the finer material creates a uniform, flat, smooth surface that is the best base for wood veneer and plastic laminate. MDF may be worked like any other sort of wood product as long as carbide cutters are used. MDF is often not polished or stained spontaneously. It is typically painted, covered in wood veneer, or laminated with plastic. MDF accepts paint well. MDF looks good after applying primer and several coats of paint, unlike particleboard or plywood where the surface grain is obvious. Uses and Application Due to the high level of consistency across MDF, cut edges will be smooth and free of voids and splinters. Because the edges are smooth, decorative edges can be made with a router. MDF's uniformity and smoothness make it simple to cut intricate designs with a scroll saw, band saw, or jigsaw. These designs might include scrolled or scalloped designs. MDF has an extremely flat surface, which makes it a fantastic surface for painting. Advantage Store fixtures, office and residential furniture, paneling, doors, jambs, millwork, edge shaping and machining, embossing, laminate flooring, laminating and finishing, kitchen cabinets Market Outlook The MDF market in India has grown at a CAGR of 5-8 percent during the preceding five years, and it is estimated to be worth H35 billion. The Central Government's decision to refuse new permits for the manufacturing of plywood has increased the gap between supply and demand. This is a positive development for the MDF market since it will increase the adoption of engineered panel materials. The primary raw material used to create MDF and particle boards is wood. The FAO estimates that the Indian wood-based panel industry's demand for wood has increased at a CAGR of 5.5% over the past 10 years and will continue to grow at a CAGR of 5% through 2020. Wood prices have been continuously rising over the past 10 years as a result of growing demand from the wood and paper sectors as well as strict Central Government forest preservation rules. Rising wood prices could have an impact on the company's profitability because it has no long-term agreements for the supply of raw materials. The demand for pre-assembled furniture consisting of engineered panels like MDF is increasing due to rapid urbanization. Compared to the global average of 80%, MDF penetration in India is quite low at only 7% of the total wood substrate market. The entry of significant, specialized players to the market, growing uses, and expanding awareness have all contributed to the MDF sector's 20 percent CAGR growth over the preceding five years. Given the high cost of plywood and the rising demand for MDF, we predict that the MDF market will rise at a CAGR of 15-20% over the next few years. Industry Major Market Players: • Arauco (Chile) • Centuryply (India) • Daiken Corporation (Japan) • Duratex (Brazil) • Fantoni Spa (Italy) • Greenpanel (India) • M. Kaindl KG (Austria) • Roseburg Forest Products (U.S.) • Rushil Décor (India) • Swiss Krono Group (Switzerland) • Uniboard (Canada) • Unilin (Belgium) • VRG Dongwha (Vietnam) • West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (Canada) • Weyerhaeuser (U.S.) • Kronospan (Switzerland) • Egger (Austria)
Plant capacity: 100 CBM per DayPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:31 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Manufacturing of Aluminum Ingots From Aluminum Scrap

Aluminum ingots are exceptionally large casting products in both size and shape when compared to blooms, billets, and slabs. Although an ingot's cross section is frequently rectangular or square, it need not remain the same all the way along the object's length. (The cross section of the ingot may change.) Aluminum alloy ingots like LM-2, LM-4, and LM-6, which are often used in gravity and sand casting, as well as pressure die casting alloys like LM-13, LM-14, and LM-24, ADC-12, and ALSI-132, are also made in accordance with Indian and international standards. 7 percent of the earth's crust is made up of aluminum, a thin, silver-white metallic element. It weighs almost a third less per cubic meter than steel (7480–8000 Kg/cubic meter) or copper (8930 Kg/cubic meter). Aluminum is malleable, ductile, and easy to cast, and it has good corrosion resistance and durability. When coupled with oxygen, it primarily exists as alumina and is mined as bauxite ore. India is home to around 10% of the world's bauxite reserves, which is used by a growing aluminum sector. The growth in domestic demand is expected to be between 8 and 10 percent. By 2020, India is expected to have installed aluminum production capacity of 1.7 to 2 million tones yearly. India produces about 3% of the aluminum manufactured worldwide. In India's largely centralized aluminum industry, there are just five main units. Uses • Sand and cold environments are suited for castings for maritime applications that require the highest level of corrosion protection. • Applied where ductility or corrosion resistance are required; appropriate for large, intricate, and thin-walled castings in all styles of molds. • Mainly used for castings in sand and cold conditions that need to be robust and shock-resistant. • Used in all applications, especially low pressure die casting that calls for LM 6's improved tensile strength following heat treatment. Useful primarily in applications requiring pistons and those with higher thermal stresses. • Requires specific foundry methods and heat treatment. This alloy is capable of withstanding greater loads and temperatures. It has strong wear resistance and machinability properties. • It is appropriate for use in moderately complex sand and chill castings where good mechanical properties are desired. Need thermal treatment. • Used primarily in pressure die casting. LM 6-like in appearance but tougher and easier to machine. • As a result of the smelting process, various grades of aluminum ingots are produced, which are then used to create castings for the electrical and automotive industries. Market Outlook It is anticipated that the annual increase in demand for aluminum will range between 4 and 6 percent. The demand for the metal is predicted to rise as conditions for user industries such as power, infrastructure, and transportation, which are all in motion, improve. By the end of 2019–20, demand is predicted to have increased from around 1.6 million units in 2013–14 to close to 2.4 million units, and then to over 3.4 million units by 2024–25. • It is anticipated that India's demand for aluminum will rise by 17–18% each year as the building, construction, transportation, and packaging sectors continue to grow. • From an anticipated 3.4 million tones in FY17, India's consumption of aluminum is predicted to rise to 5.3 million tons by 2020. • Aluminum is a key material used in the electrical industry's wide range of products, including the manufacture of aero planes and packaging. The two sectors of transportation and energy make for more than half of the total off take. India's primary consumer industries are power, transportation, durable goods, packaging, and construction. Power consumes the most of it, making up about 44% of the total, followed by infrastructure (17%) and transportation (6%). (3 percent). (Roughly 10 to 12 percent). Some of the main factors that are expected to continue to propel the growth of the global market include rapid industrialization in both developed and developing countries, an increase in construction and reconstruction activities worldwide, and widespread use of aluminum ingots in the construction sector for manufacturing windows, weatherproofing doors, screens, etc. An increasing focus on technological developments in the packaging industry and an increase in the usage of aluminum ingots in the manufacturing of cans and aluminum foil due to their light weight and simplicity of molding are two additional factors fueling the growth of the global market for aluminum ingots. Industry Major Market Players: • Aravali Infrapower Ltd. • Baheti Metal & Ferro Alloys Ltd. • Bothra Metals & Alloys Ltd. • Indo Alusys Inds. Ltd. • Namo Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • AlcoaInc • Rio Tinto Group • Aluminum Corporation of China • United Company RUSAL • Norsk Hydro • Dubai Aluminium Company • SPIC • BHP Billiton • Xinfa Group • China Zhongwang
Plant capacity: Aluminium Alloy Ingots:12 MT per day Aluminium Scrap:0.20 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 7 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:11 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Aluminum Foil (Pharma Grade) Manufacturing Business

Aluminum foil is a thin metal sheet. As a result, it can act as a full barrier to bacteria, gases, odours, moisture, mould, and other contaminants. Aluminum's high reflectivity allows efficient heat insulation, but its opacity is essential for preventing the deterioration of foods and beverages that are light-sensitive. It is used in packaging and non-packaging applications. It takes either continuous cold casting and rolling to make aluminium foil, or it includes rolling sheet ingots made of molten aluminium, then rolling them again to the required thickness on sheet and foil rolling mills. To maintain a constant thickness when producing aluminium foil, beta radiation is delivered through the foil to a sensor on the opposite side. If the intensity becomes too much, the rollers change, increasing the thickness. If the intensities fall too low and the foil thickens, the rollers raise their pressure, making the foil thinner. Lubrication is required during the rolling stages to stop the foil surface from forming a herringbone pattern. These lubricants are applied to the foil surface before it passes through the mill rolls. Although foil used for food packaging must be lubricated with oils appropriate for food contact, kerosene-based lubricants are routinely utilized. Due to its effective barrier properties against oxygen vapour and moisture, aluminium foil is used for pharmaceutical packaging. This makes it perfect for establishing an inert environment for the preservation of hygroscopic medicine tablets and capsules. Uses • Medication tablets, tea and coffee in bulk and unitized packaging, prepared foods, and bakery goods. • Wine; Frozen meat and seafood; Milk bottle caps; Lube Butter, margarine, powdered milk, household wraps, confections, biscuits, photography film, oils, greases, and cigarettes. Because it totally keeps out odours, flavours, moisture, bacteria, light, and oxygen, which can cause lipids to oxidise or go rancid, aluminium foil is frequently used in food and pharmaceutical packaging. Aluminium foil is used to construct long-lasting packets (also known as aseptic packaging) for beverages and dairy products, enabling storage without refrigeration. Aluminium foil laminates are also used to package a number of other oxygen or moisture sensitive foods, tobacco, and other products in the form of pouches, sachets, tubes, as well as tamper-evident closures. Aluminum Foil Market • Production optimization over the years, foil-rolling systems that are currently available can produce widths of up to 2150 mm and as thin as 0.006 mm at rolling rates of 2500 metres per minute. • A natural way to conserve energy would be to collect and purify the CO2 produced during the electrolysis process for later usage. By 2022, 6.4MMT of aluminium will be produced, predict industry specialists who have studied the market for aluminium foil. • Asia Pacific (APAC), the largest producer of aluminium foils, has a market share of 64% in 2017. Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) accounted for 20% of production, followed by North America (13%), and Latin America (3%). • Between 2017 and 2022, the APAC aluminium foil market is expected to grow at the fastest rate, between 7.5 and 8 percent. Global Aluminium Foil Market Size In response to consumer preferences for straightforward and lightweight packaging, suppliers have developed innovative aluminium foil packaging solutions for the organized retail and packaged food industries. It appears that the packaging of dairy products using paper and aluminium foil will expand in the future. The food and beverage industry is the primary end-use for aluminium foil, making up around 30% of the market. • The global consumption of rolled foil may increase by 5% CAGR between 2019 and 2024, with the transportation industry representing the largest market. • The use of packaging might surpass $27 Mn by 2022, according to market research on aluminium foil, as a result of increased flexible packaging usage and rising packaged food demand. • Pharmaceutical packaging, such the strip-pack in tablets, is driving up demand for aluminium foils, also referred to as pharma foils. Industry Major Market Players: • ACM Carcano • Amcor • Assan Aluminyum • Ess Dee Aluminium • Eurofoil • Hindalco Industries Limited • Huawei Aluminium • Laminazione Sottile • Shanghai Metal Corporation • UACJ Foil Corporation • Xiamen Xiashun Aluminium Foil Co., Ltd. • Zhejiang Junma Aluminum Industry
Plant capacity: 12 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 15 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:22 Cr
Return: 27.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Business Plan for Production of Surgical Products (Surgical Absorbable Suture, Non Absorbable Suture, Surgical Mesh, Bone Wax, C Section Kits, Surgical Glue & Surgical Stapling)

You can save money by selecting surgical supplies carefully and avoiding buying inferior equipment. An essential part of any hospital or doctor's office is surgical supplies. This book can teach you how to choose the best surgical supplies for your needs and why buying surgical equipment should be considered an investment rather than a one-time purchase. Whether you're experienced in this line of work or just want to refresh your memory, this tool can help you streamline your operations. Surgical devices, often known as surgical gadgets, are instruments used during surgery to hasten healing and reduce the amount of time needed for recovery. A number of variables, such as your unique medical state, the sort of surgery you will be having, and more, will determine the ideal surgical product for you. This article will look at all of the many surgical products on the market today and explain how they are used in surgery to help you prepare for your own procedure. Suture for Surgery An instrument used in medicine to hold human tissues together and roughly define the boundaries of wounds after surgery or injury is a surgical suture, often known as a stitch or stitches. For application, a needle with a threaded attachment is typically used. The many suture kinds are determined by the shape, size, and characteristics of the needles as well as the kind of thread utilized. When selecting a surgical suture, one should examine the characteristics and location of the wound or the specific biological tissues that need to be approximated. Biological Sutures Body tissue that requires more than two months of tensile strength shouldn't be stitched with absorbable sutures since they either degenerate through hydrolysis or proteolysis. It is often given intravenously during surgery or in patients who are not likely to return for suture removal to skip future treatments. Sutures That Don't Absorb These sutures don't deteriorate over time and keep their superior tensile strength. They are appropriate for tissues that have been subjected to strong mechanical or shear pressures (tendons, certain skin location). They also give the operator more usability because they require less thread memory. Dental Mesh During surgery, a loosely woven material known as surgical mesh is used to either permanently or temporarily support organs or other tissues. Surgical mesh, which is comprised of both inorganic and biological components, is used in a variety of procedures. Surgery can be used for reconstructive operations such pelvic organ prolapse, while being most usually used for hernia repair. Wax Bone Numerous blood and bone marrow channels can be found in bone. As the spine and sternum are highly vascular bones that are surgically incised or damaged, osseous haemorrhage can be a difficult condition to manage. For the purposes of maintaining bone hemostasis during orthopaedic, thoracic, and neurological procedures, medical-grade sterile bone wax is a crucial component. C section kit A caesarean section, also referred to as a C-section, is a type of surgical procedure where an abdominal incision is made to deliver the baby. Your doctor might suggest this operation if particular pregnancy problems arise, the expecting mother's or the fetus's health is in danger, or if labour doesn't progress as expected. Medical Adhesive Tissue-to-tissue or tissue-to-non-tissue surface adhesion can occur as a result of in situ polymerization when an adhesive contains certain properties. Until newly formed tissue is strong enough to support it mechanically, tissue adhesives are often employed to hold two sides of tissues together and speed up wound healing. Medical Staples Sutures can be replaced using medical devices like surgical staplers and staples. They can quickly fix large wounds or injuries and are less painful for patients than stitches. They are widely used in operations with minimum incision. They can be used to seal wounds in areas where skin is close to bone during operations to remove organs or rejoin sections of internal organs. Market Outlook: Surgical sutures and staplers dominated the market in 2021, accounting for a revenue share of more than 40.0 percent. This may be due to the widespread use and high acceptance rate of sutures and staplers in wound closure procedures. The market for staplers is expected to expand because of the benefits that staplers have over sutures. This includes a speedy wound healing process and a lower risk of infection. Depending on the product, the market is segmented into electrosurgical equipment, handheld surgical devices, and surgical sutures and staplers. The estimated size of the global market for surgical equipment in 2021 was USD 14.34 billion, and from 2022 to 2030, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9.3%. Ageing populations, a growth in the incidence of lifestyle problems that eventually necessitate surgery, growing healthcare costs, and huge unmet surgical requirements are the main drivers of the industry. In addition to these elements, it is anticipated that the market will expand over the course of the forecast period as a result of growing technical developments in minimally invasive procedures, shorter hospital stays following surgery, and an increase in the number of ambulatory surgical facilities. Industry Major Market Players: • B. Braun Melsungen Ag • Smith & Nephew plc • Zimmer Biomet Holdings Inc. • Stryker Corporation • Alcon Laboratories Inc. • Aspen Surgical Products, Inc. • Medtronic Inc. • Ethicon Inc. • Becton, Dickinson and Company
Plant capacity: Surgical Absorbable Suture 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Non Absorbable Suture 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Surgical Mesh 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Bone Wax 5,000 Pcs. Per Day C Section Kits 1,000 Pcs. Per Day Surgical Glue 5,000 Pcs. Per Day Surgica Stapling 2,000 Pcs. Per DayPlant & machinery: 69 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:18 Cr
Return: 31.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Set up Sugar Plant

Sugar is a sweet, crystalline substance manufactured from sugar cane and sugar beet. There are numerous uses for it in the food and non-food industries. In the food industry, sugar serves a variety of crucial functions in addition to giving food a sweet taste. It preserves food and inhibits bacterial growth. It is also used to prevent the development of large ice crystals in frozen dishes like ice cream. Additionally, sugar encourages fermentation in products containing yeast. Additionally, it preserves the freshness and moisture of baked goods. Uses & Applications Sugar has several applications in food technology, its sweet flavour serves as the primary basis for its use. The main purposes of added sugar in food are bulking, flavouring, texture modification, preservative, sweetener, and substrate for fermentation. The human body uses sugars and starches from carbohydrates to fuel the rest of the body's cells and provide the brain with glucose. With the introduction of new regulatory restrictions and revisions to current ones, farmers and millers have a higher chance of stepping up their efforts toward cane sugar production and processing. An estimated 12 percent of the rural population in the nine states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, and Tamil Nadu receives assistance from the sugar industry through direct or indirect employment. The amount of land planted with cane may increase, and the rains in the world's largest consumer may increase yields, bringing India's production of sugarcane back up from a seven-year low. The market for Indian cane sugar has become fragmented as a result of the presence of important local and regional businesses. The corporations place a high emphasis on mergers, expansions, acquisitions, and alliances of the companies as strategic approaches to boost their brand visibility among customers. Indian Cane Sugar Market A CAGR of 4.3 percent is anticipated for the Indian cane sugar market over the projection period (2020-2025). A peak in sugar output in India is projected during the forecast period as a result of government policies that are favourable and growing planting areas. The majority of the country's sugarcane is produced in nine Indian states: Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Around 12 percent of the rural population in these nine states is supported by the sugar industry through direct or indirect employment. Given that India is one of the world's major agricultural countries and that sugar demand there is on the rise, India is an ideal area for market expansion. Global Sugar Market The global sugar market has a volume of 185 million Tons in 2021. The market is predicted to increase at a CAGR of 1.8 percent from 2022 to 2027, reaching 206.6 million Tons. Any decreases brought on by changes in the economy are largely not felt by the global food and beverage industry. As a result, the sector has continually expanded over the past few years. Sugar consumption is currently heavily influenced by the food and beverage sector, and this sector is expected to have a positive impact on the sugar industry. Also anticipated is the continuation of long-term market expansion. Sugar has a number of applications in the healthcare and cosmetics industries. Because of its exfoliating properties, sugar is used to manufacture scrubs in the cosmetics business. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is used to make antibiotics and cough syrups. Industry Major Market Players: • A B Sugars Ltd. • Aakriti Sugar Mills Pvt. Ltd. • Ab Sugars Ltd. • Ag-Vet Marketing Ltd. • Bannari Amman Sugars Ltd. • Baramati Agro Ltd. • Suedzucker AG • Tereos • Cosan. • Mitr Phol Sugar Corporation., Ltd. • Associated British Foods • Nordzucker AG • Biosev (Louis-Dreyfus) • Wilmar International Limited • Thai Roong Ruang Group
Plant capacity: Sugar:100 MT Per Day Molasses(by Product):44.8 MT Per Day Baggase (by Product):342.1 MT Per Day Paste Mud (by Product):30.3MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 149 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:243 Cr
Return: 1.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Nicotine Sulphate from Tobacco Leaves Production Business

Tobacco is cultivated with human assistance, with the leaf being the most valuable part of the plant. Almost every continent can support the growth of tobacco, but the major producers are the United States, China, India, and Brazil. During the manufacturing of tobacco, a lot of waste materials, including rejected leaves, lamina nidrib fragments that are broken, stalks, and stems, collect. Despite this, these products can be quite useful. Nicotine and tobacco seeds are by far the two main by-products produced from tobacco waste. It is common practise to employ nicotine sulphate to control significant agricultural insect pests. It is created using liquors and used tobacco from businesses that make chewing and smoking tobacco. The used tobacco is steam distilled after being macerated with water and lime. The distillate is first neutralised with sulphuric acid before being concentrated. The primary uses of tobacco are in snuff, cigars, cigarettes, and chewing tobacco. Two other tobacco-based products are beedi and hookah, with 90% of their production coming from India. Uses and Application Pure nicotine that complies with the USP and EP pharmacopeas is produced using nicotine sulphate. Nicotine USP/EP is used in huge quantities to create nicotine salts, complexes, and electronic cigarettes. Nicotine sulphate 40 percent is used to kill aphids, bugs, worms, leafhoppers, and other similar sucking insects that devour and destroy fruit, vegetables, crops, and even flowers. It also effectively combats lice, ticks, and mites, all of which are harmful to animals. Tobacco in Indian Economy Tobacco is one of the most significant commercial agricultural crops in the world. It is a short-lived, vigorous crop that can grow in soils where other crops cannot and can resist droughts. In India, tobacco is grown on 0.45 million hectares (0.27 percent of the net cultivated area), producing 750 million kilogrammes of leaf. India is the third- and fourth-largest exporter in the world behind China and Brazil, respectively. A 0.20 million hectare area is used to generate around 300 million kg of flue-cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco, whereas a 0.25 million hectare area is used to produce about 450 million kg of non-FCV tobacco. 10% of the world's tobacco is produced in India, whereas 9% of it is produced worldwide. Positive Features of Indian tobacco India's tobacco has lower levels of heavy metals, very low levels of Tobacco Specific Nitrosamines (TSNAs), and less pesticide residue than tobacco produced in other tobacco-producing countries across the world. India, which has a diversity of agro-climatic conditions, can produce a wide array of tobacco products, from tasty leaf to colourful, neutral filler, to fulfil the needs of a wide range of customers around the world. Industry Major Market Players: • Jiatian Biotech • He Nuo Biotech • BGP Group • Tianze Biological • Guanghua Bio • Alchem International Pvt. Ltd. • B G P Healthcare Pvt. Ltd. • Cipla Ltd. • Punjab Chemicals & Crop Protection Ltd.
Plant capacity: Nicotine Sulphate:3.6 MT Per Day Waste Tobacco:28.3MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 161 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:1416 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 55.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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