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Best Business Opportunities in Assam - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Food processing: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food or to transform food into other forms for consumption by humans or animals either in the home or by the food processing industry. Food processing typically takes clean, harvested crops or butchered animal products and uses these to produce attractive, marketable and often long shelf-life food products. Assam has many agricultural and horticultural products. Assam has a fertile soil conducive to cultivation of fruits and vegetables. So far the fruits and vegetables grown in Assam have been sent by rail or road to other parts of the country, which can be used for processing many kinds of food. Apart from rice mills, flour mills and oil mills, many small establishments of producing biscuits, lozenges, soft drinks and snacks have recently come in the town and commercial centres of the region.

The food processing sector has the potential to grow in Assam with increasing demand for processed food. Opportunities exist in processing, sourcing, setting up cold chains and logistics. The Government of India has approved for setting up a Food Processing Industrial Park at Chaygaon near Guwahati in Kamrup District.

 

Resources

Assam has an abundance of natural resources which are yet to be engaged industriously. The agro-climatic condition of the State favour the growth of a variety of fruits and vegetables/ spices including orange, banana, pineapple, arecanut, coconut, guava, mango, jackfruit, citrus fruits, ginger, turmeric, chillies, potatoes, etc. Until recently, horticulture was practiced as a largely non-commercial activity. However, with better quality planting material, sufficient research support and better know-how, the State could easily be poised for a major boom in the fruit growing and food processing industry. Following are key potential industries to be developed on the core strengths of our state:

•    Multi cropping in agriculture sector

•    Assam is the world’s single largest tea growing region

•    Abundant resource of fresh water,

•    Major varieties of the major fruits grown in Assam are Banana, orange, litchi, pineapple, papaya

•    Assam has abundant productive and diversified water resources to support surplus fish production to feel the growing fish eating population of the state.

•    Livestock is an important component of mixed farming system in Assam as the meat consumption in Assam is high.

The per capita availability of milk is 70gm/day in comparison to the all India figure of 246gm/day.

 

Government policies/ scheme

To fulfil the need for creation of integrated and holistic infrastructure for food processing sector, Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) had launched new Schemes in 11th FYP with strong focus on creation of modern enabling infrastructure to facilitate growth of food processing and creation of an integrated cold chain mechanism for handling perishable produce. Under the initiatives of MOFPI for strengthening infrastructure in agro  and food processing sector, it had launched the Mega Food Parks Scheme, Scheme for Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure and Scheme for Modernization of Abattoirs in the 11th  Five Year Plan. The Government of India has sanctioned a food processing park with a total project cost of Rs. 5.95 crores. The park is being set up near Chaygaon in the district of Kamrup (rural). The implementing agency for the food processing is Assam Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd.

 

 

 

Medicinal plants: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Medicinal plants are various plants used in herbalism and thought by some to have medicinal properties. Medical Plant constitutes an important therapeutic aid in alleviating ailments. Almost 80% of the world population, particularly in the third world are fully dependent on medicinal plants for meeting their health care needs. The herbal medicines today symbolize safety in contrast to the synthetics that are regarded as unsafe to human and environment. In the primeval times, the Indian sagacious held the view that herbal medicines are the only resolution to treat numeral health related problems and diseases. It is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show the value of herbal medicine in the treating and preventing disease. Increasing interest in herbal products has today accelerated the growth of medicinal plant-based industries.

 

Resources

Assam is primarily an agrarian economy, with 74% of its population engaged in agriculture and allied activities. There are over 1500 species of medicinal plants reported so far from India and more than 350 species from Assam. They can not only cure our ailments but can also be a potential source of economic development. Assam with a total geographical area of 78438 sq. km is very rich in land resources. Its vast fertile alluvial tracts and low hills with suitable climatic condition offer excellent condition for utilization of for different uses. Assam is basically an agriculture dependent state. More than 65 per cent of its total area is under agriculture.

Government policies

The provisions of this Environment code of practice (ECP) - Agriculture, comply with the legal requirements and conventions, which govern the collection, cultivation processing, handling, packaging & storage of medicinal plant or its derivatives. Prior to selection of species, the cultivator shall apply for and obtain permission from State Medicinal Plants Boards (SMPB), Government of Assam and National Horticulture Board (NHB). The proof of obtaining clearance shall be a pre-requisite for inclusion as beneficiary in the project. The District Agriculture Officer (DAO) shall be responsible for verification of the same. 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. There are some substances, like opal, which have the appearance of a mineral but lack any definite internal structure, are sometimes called "mineraloids". The minerals produced in India constitute one-quarter of the world's most popular mineral resources.

Resources

Assam is endowed with vast mineral resources. Assam is rich in mineral resources like Coal (320 Mn.T.), Limestone (703 Mn.T.), Iron Ore (11 Mn.T) and Granite (1 Bn. Cu. Mtrs) along many more resources like Fireclay, Lithomarge, Fuller's Earth, Sillimanite and Glass Sand. The coal found in Assam has a high sulphur content and high volatile matter content, thereby reducing its coke ability. The most important minerals being exploited so far in Assam are coal, oil and gas, limestone and sillimanite. Limestone with reserves of about 500 million tonnes is another important resource and is available in various grades. The China clay available in the Karbi-Anglong district is a vital input for the ceramics industry and has already spawned a few small plants. Deposits of decorative stone like granite estimated to be more than a billion cubic meters are available in various shades and colours, which have a huge market potential locally and abroad. Opportunities based on minerals are Gasification & Liquefaction of Coal, De-Sulphurisation of Coal, Coal based Power Plant, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Extraction, Exploration of Oil & Natural Gas and HDPE / LLDPE / Polypropylene basedindustries. Assam has an abundant reserve of petroleum. It takes care of 25% of India's petrol requirement.

Government policies

The  role to be played by the Central and State Governments in  regard  to  mineral  development has  been  extensively  dealt in  the  Mines  and Minerals (Development and Regulation)  Act, 1957  and Rules  made under the Act by  the  Central  Government and  the  State  Governments in their  respective  domains.   The provisions  of  the  Act  and the Rules  will  be  reviewed  and  harmonised  with  the basic features of the new  National Mineral  Policy.  In future the core functions of the State in mining will be facilitation and regulation of exploration and mining activities of investors and entrepreneurs, provision of infrastructure and tax collection.  In mining activities, there shall be arms length distance between State agencies (Public Sector Undertakings) that mine and those that regulate.  There shall be transparency and fair play in the reservation of ore bodies to State agencies on such areas where private players are not holding or have not applied for exploration or mining, unless security considerations or specific public interests are involved. Recently, the Union Government after reviewing the current mining sector, mineral development and keeping in view the availability of the valuable finite resource have announced the National Mineral Policy (NMP))- 2010. Research organisations, including the National Mineral Processing Laboratories of the Indian Bureau of Mines should be strengthened for development of processes for beneficiation and mineral and elemental analysis of ores and ore dressing products. There shall be co-operation between and co-ordination among all organisations in public and private sector engaged in this task.

 

Oil refinery and its products: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Indian Oil group of companies owns and operates 10 out of India’s 20 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 65.7 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA, .i.e. 1.30 million barrels per day approx.). Indian Oil and its subsidiaries account for 47% petroleum products market share. The companydistributes its products directly to bulk customers and to retail customers via a network of retail outlets and dealers/distributors. The Indian oil and gas sector is one of the six core industries in India and has very significant forward linkages with the entire economy. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd. (OIL) are the two National Oil Companies (NOC)s.

Resources

Assam has the oldest refinery in the country which started commercial production in 1901. Assam was the first state in the country where in 1889 oil was struck at Digboi in Tinsukia district. The refinery, now belonging to the Assam Division of the Indian Oil Corporation, has a refining capacity of 3 lakh tonnes of petrol, kerosene, diesel and other petroleum products.         

The second refinery in Assam was set up at Noonmati in Guwahati under the public sector. It started production in 1962. It produces liquified petroleum gas (LPG), petrol, kerosene, diesel, furnace oil, coke etc. The third refinery in the region was established at Dhaligoan near Bongaigaon in 1962. It is known as Bongaigaon Refinery and Petro-Chemicals Limited (BRPL).  The fourth refinery in the state was established at Numaligarh of Golaghat district in 1999, with a refining capacity of 3 million tonnes of oil and other products.

Government policies

The oil ministry has empowered state-run exploration firms ONGC and Oil India to choose customers for gas produced from small fields where output is less than 0.1 million standard cubic meters per day, which would reduce bureaucratic delays and help companies generate revenue expeditiously. Oil India Limited (OIL), a Government of India Enterprise, under the administrative set-up of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is engaged in the business of exploration, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas. The growing demand for crude oil and gas in the country and policy initiative of Government of India towards increased E&P  activity, have given a great impetus to the Indian E&P industry raising hopes of increased exploration. The government in order to increase exploration activity approved the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in March 1997 which would level the playing field in the upstream sector between private and public sector companies in all fiscal, financial and contractual matters. There will be no mandatory state participation through ONGC/OIL nor there did any carry interest of the government.  

 

 

 

Tea: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

 

Tea is indigenous to India and is an area where the country can take a lot of pride. This is mainly because of its pre-eminence as a foreign exchange earner and its contributions to the country's GNP. In all aspects of tea production, consumption and export, India has emerged to be the world leader, mainly because it accounts for 31% of global production. It is perhaps the only industry where India has retained its leadership over the last 150 years. Tea production in India has a very interesting history to it. The range of tea offered by India - from the original Orthodox to CTC and Green Tea, from the aroma and flavour of Darjeeling Tea to the strong Assam and Nilgiri Tea- remains unparalleled in the world.

 

Resources

 

Assam is the largest producer of tea in India. Assam tea is well known for its distinct quality, especially for its strong liquor, rich taste and colour. Of the agriculture-based industries, tea occupies an important place in Assam. In Assam, tea is grown both in the Brahmaputra and Barak plains. Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Nagaon and Sonitpur are the districts where tea gardens are mostly found. Assam produces 51% of the tea produced in India and about 1/6th of thetea produced in the world. In 1970, the Guwahati Tea Auction Centre was established for better marketing of the tea produced in the region. This is the world's largest CTC tea auction centre and the world's secondlargest in terms of total tea. It now auctions more than 150 million kg of tea valued at more than Rs 550.00 crores annually. Tea industry has contributed substantially to the economy of Assam. About 17 percent of the workers of Assam are engaged in the tea industry.

Government policies

 

The Government of India has created a Special Purpose Tea Fund (SPTF) which is meant for rejuvenation of tea bushes. This will benefit about 700-800 tea gardens of the state. In an important policy decision – the Government has decided to secure a geographical indication for the tea produced in the state. ‘Assam Tea’ will be known as ‘Assam Orthodox Tea’ once the geographical indication is secured, thus making it an exclusive commodity and raising its stakes in the global market.

 

Plastic: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

Plastics are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics.  Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. India's plastics processing sector will grow from 69,000 machines to 150,000 machines by the year 2020. India's demand for plastics in irrigation alone is pegged to cross 2.5 million tonnes by 2015. Indian automobile industry is growing at more than 18% p.a. and is hungry for plastics. The plastics processing industry is a source of great potential for global businesses.

Resources

With the Assam Gas Cracker Project, also known as the Brahmaputra Crackers and Polymers Ltd (BCPL), due to come up by 2012, the Assam government has put its focus on promoting and attracting plastic-based downstream industries. For the state, coming up of downstream industries in large numbers as a result of the Gas Cracker Project would not only bring in large amount of investments, but would generate huge employment opportunities.

Government policies

The government has acquired 1,500 bighas of land in Tinsukia in upper Assam for setting up a plastic park, which would be the first in North-East. Bordoloi told Business Standard that the government would form a special purpose vehicle (SPV) in association with private players to implement the plastic park. He added that the SPV will be formed in two to three months. The government has already released Rs 10 crore for the park.

 

 

Power: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

The power industry is responsible for the production and delivery of electrical energy in sufficient quantities via a power grid. Given the demand for electricity is uniform across all domestic, industrial and commercial operations, power is viewed as a public utility and basic infrastructure. The electrical power industry is commonly split up into four processes, namely, electricity generation (e.g. power station), electric power transmission, electricity distribution and electricity retailing. In many countries, electric power companies own the whole infrastructure from generating stations to transmission and distribution infrastructure. For this reason, electric power is viewed as a natural monopoly and is thus heavily regulated.

Resources

Assam has made much improvement in power generation. It has a number of coal based thermal plants to produce electric power. There is no dearth of coal mines in the state. This ensures that the supply of coal to these plants is uninterrupted. In recent years, several thermal power plants in Assam are in operation. These have tackled most of the earlier problems. The Assam thermal plants are aiming to generate enough electricity for the entire state. Some of the major Assam power plants are: Namrup Thermal Power Station (NTPS).It is managed by the Assam State Electricity Board (ASEB). It has a power generation capacity of 134MW. The NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) is investing more money in thermal power generation in Assam. Some of the upcoming Assam thermal power plants are Assam Power Generation Company Ltd., The existing Assam Thermal Power Plants are being expanded to help in the production of more electric energy.

Government policies

The Government is committed to ensure uninterrupted quality power supply by way of dedicated feeders from Grid Substation of Power distribution companies to all the Industrial Estates/Parks. Private Industrial Estates will be allowed to install Captive Power Plant to generate and distribute within such Industrial Estates/ Parks subject to provision of the Electricity Act, 2003 and rules there under. At the same time the State would encourage Private Power Generators to set up Power Plants. Assam is poised to have surplus quality power in the near future through the National Power Grid which is in advanced stage of implementation. Power sector in Assam has received the assistance from Asian Development Bank. Investment has been made in the sub-transmission and distribution sector. Power supply to Assam is ensured from Central Generating Stations owned by Corporations under the Government of India.

 

 

Cottage industry: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

A cottage is a farmhouse usually in rural areas. A cottage industry is a small self-help industry that is carried out in the home, community centre, parish hall or some other convenient place. Such industries are evident in handicrafts, catering, tailoring, dressmaking, beauty culture, retailing of dry goods, pottery and furniture making on a small scale. Cottage industries developed mainly out of the need for an additional source of income, because of the need to use one's spare time gainfully and because of the relative ease of acquiring the necessary raw materials to set up such industries.

Resources

Assam was traditionally famous for its cottage industry, especially spinning and weaving. Pat or pure silk production is essentially confined to Assam. Assam produces about 10% of total natural silk of India. Assam also produces Muga, the golden silk. Assam is also the main producer of Eri or Endi. Weaving is an important cottage industry of Assam. It is a traditional industry which can be traced back to very ancient times. There are about 7,00,000 looms in Assam, where majority are primitive foot looms. Only some looms of Sualkuchi, used for commercial production of silk cloth, are powered. Bell-metal work is a traditional cottage industry of Assam. The products made of bell-metal are traditional plates, cups, tumblers, pitchers, bowls, Sarai (a tray with a stand), dwarf pitchers, pots, hookahs and musical instruments. Brass-work is also an important traditional handicraft of Assam. Brass articles are produced not only for day-to-day use, but also for interior decoration. The total production of marketable finished goods annually is about300 tonnes.

Government policies

The Assam Preferential Stores Purchase Act, 1989 (to replace the Assam Preferential Stores Purchase Rules, 1972) enactment is aimed to encourage growth of industries in the State and to implement the Industrial Policy announced and published by the Govt. of Assam vide Notification No. CL 586/85 dated 24th December, 1986. Objectives of this enactment is to encourage small scale and cottage industries by preferential purchase of their products, to rationalize the procedure for purchase of stores required by the State Government, companies and undertakings, Small Industries, Khadi and Cottage industries registered under this Act shall be exempted from payment of earnest money and security deposit for items in respect of which the units are registered.

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Assam

Profile

Tourism has become an important industry in many countries of the world, both in the east and the west. Various initiatives are being taken by the Government and other organizations to promote tourism here.

Resources

Every year the number of visitors to Assam has been steadily increasing. The state has unparalleled tourist attractions like wildlife sanctuaries, adventure tourism, eco-tourism, hill stations, lakes and places of historical heritage. There are five national parks; Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri, Dibru- saikhowa, Orang and fifteen wildlife sanctuaries in Assam named; Gibbon, Garampani, Burachapari, Bornadi, Sonai-Rupai, Pobitora, Panidehing, Bherjan, Nambor, North-karbi-anglong, East-karbi-anglong, Laokhowa, Charkarasila, Marat-Longri, Nabbor-Doigurang, Borail and Amchang. The famous species of one horned rhino is found only in Assam. It has many Golf Fields and offers a huge potential in sports tourism. Assam's natural landscape, lush green forests, wild life sanctuaries, pilgrimage spots and tea gardens offer a wide choice to cater to the tastes of a variety of tourists from the casual sightseer to the adventure tourist. With the withdrawal of the Restricted Area Permit (RAP), tourism is poised for a major boom. 

 

Government policies

The Government of Assam came up with the Assam Tourism Policy2008 with the following objectives:

•        To place tourism sector on a high priority in the economic development of the state.

•        To harness tourism potentials to make it environmentally sustainable, socially culturally enriching and economically beneficial.

•        To create awareness and evolve suitable institution arrangement for effective participation of the people.

•        To improve quality of the existing tourism products.

•        To promote infrastructure of international standard.

•        To devise long term human resource development strategy.

•        Encourage Public-Private Partnership in tourism development.

The Assam Tourism Policy, 2008 has added to the enthusiasm amongst the entrepreneurs and has also attracted big players like Indian hotels Company Ltd (Taj group) to set up a 5 star hotel in Guwahati. Many more such projects are in the pipeline. Guwahati airport has emerged as one of the busiest airports in the country with almost all domestic airlines connecting Guwahati and other airports of the state virtually to most of the major metros of the country.

 

Agriculture: Project Opportunities in Assam

 

Profile

While most other states in India are gradually moving away from their traditional agriculture-based economy toward industry or service-oriented economy, Assam is still heavily dependent on the agricultural sector. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2009, about 50% of the total workforce. The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India.

Resources

Assam Agriculture is the primary sector in the state's economy. The socio-economic condition of Assam largely depends on its agricultural production.  Assam produces both food and cash crops. The principal food crops produced in the state are rice (paddy), maize (corn), pulses, potato, wheat, etc., while the principal cash crops are tea, jute, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, and tobacco. Although rice is the most important and staple crop of Assam, its productivity over the years has not increased while other crops have seen a slight rise in both productivity and land acreage.

Government policies

The Government of Assam in consonance with    the       National Agriculture Policy laid down few policy objectives in the Agriculture Sector. Those include:

·         The Agriculture and allied sector grows at the rate of 4 p.c. per annum for the next decade to provide food security and to improve the nutritional intake of the people of the State as well as significantly decrease the population below the poverty line.

·         To increase the productivity of all major crops, particularly that of rice, wheat, pulses and oil seeds.

·         To increase the cropping intensity in the sector through increase in irrigation facilities as well as giving a boost to mechanization in the State, to make it at par with the rest of the country by the end of the 10th plan.

·         To diversify into other crops, specially wheat, oilseeds, and partly pulses, as well as improve production of horticultural crops.

·         As the bulk of the population in the State lives in the rural area and most of the people are dependent on Agriculture and allied sectors for their livelihood, the Government sees this sector as the engine for growth of the economy in the long run and wishes to treat the Agriculture Sector as an area of maximum employment generation in the State.

·         Since the resources at the disposal of the State are limited, the endeavour will be to converge the resources available under various Government schemes like SGSY and PMGSY etc. to ensure that funds are spent keeping in view the long term growth of the Agriculture and Allied Sector in the State.

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Assam

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

The Guwahati City generates over 300 MT of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) on a daily basis and has almost 639 Kms street length. Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), which provides municipal services to 8.2 Lakhs citizens of Guwahati city, is desirous to select a suitable developer/ private operator to establish a viable & environmentally sustainable integrated municipal waste management system through a suitable mechanism to manage the collection, transportation, processing and disposal.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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Disposable Needles - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Disposable needles are widely used by doctors for injection purpose with the help of syringes. With the increase in population in our country, requirement of medicine and injections has increased. For more strength of people more number of needles is required with syringes. For quick relief, needles are used by surgeons, dental surgeons, Veterinary Surgeons, and by the breeders in the poultry farm, where the farm birds are periodically injected against epidemics. Surgical needles are of two types: those which have an eye through which the suture is threaded and eyeless needles where the suture is inserted into the hollow hilt and held in position by swaging the metal around it. The first patent on an eyeless needle was obtained by the late Sir Henry Souttar in 1921 but in the U.K. their use has only increased appreciably in the past few years. In the U.S.A. 70 percent of the suture needles are of the cycle’s type. The various components of Hypodermic needle shall be made from the following materials shown against each. • The Hub shall be made from free specially treated nylon/ PVC tube. • Stillete- Stillete shall be hard drawn hollow brass wire or stainless steel wire and supplied one for each needle. Hindustan Syringes and Beckton & Dickinson had launched Auto Disposable (AD) syringes. The new age AD syringe makes re-use impossible by locking the plunger after the medicine is injected. It cannot draw on the medicine a second time. In the field of cannulae and blood bags, Poly Medicure has emerged as a significant player. In the Indian single uses syringes market, which is nearly 1.5 bn units strong, Hindustan Syringes and Medical Devices (HMD) enjoys a 65% market share. Imports constitute 10% of this market. In the single use needles market, HMD has a 70% market share, followed by imported brands with a 25% market share. The size of the local needles market is 2.5 bn units per annum. Dispovan is the dominant brand in India, and it has been able to maintain and increase its market share in face of stiff competition from multinational and domestic challengers. So any new entrants can venture in to this industry.
Plant capacity: 1500000 Nos. / DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 585 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 945 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Potato Flakes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Potato is one of the important tuber vegetables, which is consumed throughout the year. Its botanical name is Solanum Tuberosum. Potatoes can be consumed in varied forms. In fact, it is a vegetable that can easily be combined with any other food item including other vegetables, cereals, pulses, meat and poultry. The raw materials required are fresh potatoes. Potato flakes are the most important form of dehydrated potato products, which also include potato granules, pellets, powder, shredded and sliced potato. Dehydrated potato flakes are made by pressing cooked mashed potatoes onto a drum drier, which forms a sheet that can be broken up and ground to the required density. Potato flakes can be used anywhere, where one would use mashed potatoes. Potato flakes are potatoes that have been through an industrial process to yield a packaged convenience food that can be reconstituted in the home in seconds by adding hot water or milk, producing mashed potatoes with very little expenditure of time and effort. Mashed potatoes can be reconstituted from potato flour, but the process is made more difficult by lumping; a key characteristic of flakes is, it eliminates the lumping and the mash is smooth. Properties of Potato Flakes • It is crispy and very lightweight product. • It is free flowing. • Its colour is same as potato • It can absorb moistures from air and become soft when exposed. • It can be preserved for more than one year when it is vacuum packed with nitrogen flash. The potato dehydration and flakes manufacturing unit has exclusively been reserved on small scale by Govt. of India as per Industrial Policy introduced in 1983. No any big competitor may enter in this field. The potato flakes and powder is meant only for export. Although domestic market for dehydrated and powdered potato is there but more than 70% of the total indigenous production of potato flakes /powder is exported to various countries. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 8.4 MT/ DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 789 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1161 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Rice Cultivation - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Rice is the leading food crop in the developing world in terms of total world production. It represents the staple food for almost two-thirds of the world’s population. Rice provides 21% of global human per capita energy and 15% of per capita protein. However, the world’s stocks of stored rice grain have been falling in negative correlation to each year’s consumption levels which now exceeds actual annual production. Rice is generally considered a semi-aquatic annual grass plant, which can be grown under a broad range of climatic conditions. Cultivated rice belongs to the species O. sativa and O. glaberrima. While O. sativais the predominant species, O. galberrimais cultivated on a limited scale and only in Africa. The major rice producers in 2010 were China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Myanmar producing alone more than 75% of the world production. Rice grain comprises the edible rice caryopsis of fruit enclosed in a protective covering, the hull (husk). During the milling process, rough rice is milled to produce polished edible grain by first subjecting to dehusking and then to the removal of brownish outer bran layer known as whitening. Finally, polishing is carried out to remove the bran particles and provides surface gloss to the edible white portion. The duration of growth for cultivated rice varies from 80 to 280 days and can be generally divided into early (80–130 days), intermediate (130–160 days) and late (160+days) maturing cultivars. In the rice plant, three growth phases can be distinguished: the vegetative phase – when the plant begins to partition assimilation to the developing panicle; the reproductive phases with panicle (flowering) development; and the ripening or grain-filling phase which begins after anthesis and ends at maturation. The duration of growth for cultivated rice varies from 80 to 280 days and can be generally divided into early (80–130 days), intermediate (130–160 days) and late (160+days) maturing cultivars. In the rice plant, three growth phases can be distinguished: the vegetative phase – when the plant begins to partition assimilation to the developing panicle; the reproductive phases with panicle (flowering) development; and the ripening or grain-filling phase which begins after anthesis and ends at maturation. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs for investment.
Plant capacity: Rice Paddy: 72500 MT/ Annum•Rice Straw as by product: 145000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 1741 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 4418 Lakhs
Return: 9.00%Break even: 10.00%
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Cattle & Poultry Feed - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

In India the animal feed industry is of recent origin, the first animal food plant having been established in 1960. There are today as many as 14 plants in the organized sector, besides many small feed compounders, which operate in large cities. The 14 organized units have modern or semi modern equipment for manufacturing compound feeds. All of them have excellent facilities for quality control and are well equipped for chemical analysis of raw materials and the finished products. The installed capacity for all types of feeds that can be produced in the units under organized sector in India is estimated in the neighbourhood of 630000 metric tonnes a year. Taking into account the expansion plans of the organized sector, it is anticipated that the capacity of this industry in India is likely to increase rapidly. Types of cattle Feeds: • These for calves before their rumens start to function effectively. • Those for cattle with functioning rumens. Poultry Feed Classification: • Complete Feed • Concentrates • Mash feeds • Meal feeds • Scratch feeds • Supplements India has the largest cattle, buffalo and goat population according to latest census. There are about 200 million cattle, 50 million buffaloes and 90 million goats in the country. About one sixth of the cattle, about half of buffalo and one fifth of goat population in world are in India. Animal husbandry plays an important role in the national life and accounts for about 10% of the national income. In particular the contributor of the cattle and buffalo to the economy is considerable. They are the main source of drought power in agricultural operations and rural transportation they provide essential, foods like milk and meal. Industries playing increasing roles in the struggle against world hunger include the poultry industry, which require less capital to enter than other animal industries, and the feed industry, which provides economical, feeds upon which the poultry industry depends. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Advanced Bio-Agro Tech Ltd. Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd. Agribiotech Industries Ltd. Agro Tech India Ltd. Allana Cold Storage Ltd. Amrit Feeds Ltd. Andhra Sugars Ltd. Anirudh Foods Ltd. Annam Feeds Ltd. Anupam Extractions Ltd. Arambagh Hatcheries Ltd. Aries Agro Ltd. Aries Marketing Ltd. Bala Industries & Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. Balaji Foods & Feeds Ltd. Baramati Agro Ltd. Brooke Bond Lipton India Ltd. C & M Farming Ltd. C P Aquaculture (India) Pvt. Ltd. Damania Pharma Ltd. Dhanalaxmi Roto Spinners Ltd.
Plant capacity: 15000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 160 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 405 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 57.00%
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PSC Electric Poles - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

PSC stands for pre-stressed concrete. These are highly durable and strong PSC Poles fabricated from excellent quality concrete material. These poles are used extensively in electrical industry, for establishing electrical connections and fittings. PSC poles are available in different dimensions and weight depending on the requirement. The poles are eco friendly and require very low maintenance. Types of Utility Distribution Poles: • Tangent poles • Guyed poles • Self-supporting poles The power sector is one of the crucial inputs to the growth of other industrial sectors and overall economic growth of India. India has fourth largest installed generating capacity in world but the per capita consumption of electricity is very low, owing to a huge gap between demand and supply of power. Traditionally the power sector was dominated by the public sector but has now been opened for competition from private and foreign players by the government sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Ashoka Pre-Con Pvt. Ltd. Engipress Industries Ltd. Siporex India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 60000 Nos. / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 126 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 415 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Fitness Equipments (Elliptical Cross Trainers, Treadmill and Exercise Bikes) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Plant Layout

Fitness/Exercise equipment is any apparatus or device used during physical activity to enhance the strength or conditioning effects of that exercise by providing either fixed or adjustable amounts of resistance or to otherwise enhance the experience or outcome of an exercise routine. Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being or specifically the ability to perform aspects of sports or occupations. Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition, exercise, hygiene and rest. It is a set of attributes or characteristics that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity. • An elliptical trainer or cross-trainer is a stationary exercise machine used to simulate stair climbing, walking, or running without causing excessive pressure to the joints, hence decreasing the risk of impact injuries. • The Exercise Treadmill is one of the most popular fitness equipment among fitness enthusiasts. This fitness machine is indoor sporting equipment which is used for walking and running exercises while in a stationary position. • A stationary bicycle also known as exercise bicycle, exercise bike is a device with saddle, pedals, and some form of handlebars arranged as on a bicycle, but used as exercise equipment rather than transportation. The fitness industry in India - valued at anything between a whopping Rs 2,000 crore and a more modest Rs 300 crore — however is not celebrating just yet. In fact, it's still a fragmented industry with diverse players such as health clubs, gyms and trainers. The health club approach and a feel good factor — for a highly stressed out segment — is the growing focus of the fitness industry in India." For corporate executives, health is often an important consideration. They have various problems ranging from spondilyosis, to posture and stress-related issues. The fitness equipment market in India was estimated to be worth 12.5 bn IN 2008; and was expected to reach INR 63.3 bn by 2012. The annual growth rate is expected to be around 50%. The key segments in the sector are the home segment and the institutional segment. As a whole establishing Fitness Equipments Unit is one of the project which has good prospect for the entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Cosco (India) Ltd. Cravatex Ltd. Gympac Fitness Systems Pvt. Ltd. Splendor Fitness Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Elliptical Trainers: 21000 Nos. / Annum•Treadmill: 21000 Nos. / Annum•Exercise Bikes: 21000 Nos. / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 65 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 298 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 65.00%
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Sodium Silicate from Rice Husk/Hull - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Rice husk a major by-product of the rice milling industry, is one of the most commonly available lignocellulosic materials that can be converted to different types of fuels and chemical feedstocks through a variety of thermo chemical conversion processes. During milling of paddy about 78 % of weight is received as rice, broken rice and bran. Rest 22 % of the weight of paddy is received as husk. This husk is used as fuel in the rice mills to generate steam for the parboiling process. This husk contains about 75 % organic volatile matter and the balance 25 % of the weight of this husk is converted into ash during the firing process, is known as rice husk ash. The silicates are used as a fire-resisting binder for asbestos and other similar insulating materials, as a binding cement. They are also employed in the preparation of cores and moulds for casting molten metals. Sodium silicates are used in the composition of acid resisting and refractory cements. Other uses of the silicate are as follows: as a suspension agent in are purification processes, from industrial wastes, for water proofing stone products, as a coating material in the packing materials, such as wooden panels, paper or cardboard boxes, for the insulation of electric copper wires, in the preservation of eggs. The Midwest U.S. market for sodium silicate is highly concentrated, with only four competitors. The competitors are PQ Corporation, Occidental Chemical Corporation, INEOS Group Limited, and W.R. Grace & Company. PQ Corporation is a leading global producer of silicate, zeolite, and other performance materials serving the detergent, pulp and paper, chemical, petroleum, catalyst, water treatment, construction, and beverage markets. The future demand for sodium silicate is a function of growth of the end-user industries, mainly soap and detergent factories, pulp and paper mills, paint, pigment and adhesive factories. Information obtained from Ethiopian Investment Authority give strong indication that private investment in the aforementioned industries is bound to grow. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Any entrepreneurs venture into this field will be successful. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Abhiraami Chemicals Ltd. Balls & Cylpebs Ltd. Shri Aster Silicates Ltd.
Plant capacity: 6000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 144 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 374 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 58.00%
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Poultry Feed - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Cost of Project

Poultry feed is needed to produce poultry, a substantial part of the food industry. Feeds are used as edible materials, which are consumed poultry and contribute energy and/or nutrients to the poultry diet. Feed is needed to produce poultry, which are substantial parts of the food industry. Poultry includes the following: Chickens, Turkeys, Ducks, Guineas, Pigeons, Pheasant, Ostrich, Peafowl and Swan etc. The size of the food industry depends on population, which is not constant. Two international Hatcheries viz. the Arbor Acres and the shaver, which started their operation in India in early 1960’s, created a large market for quality poultry feeds in North as well as in Western India. It was formed necessary to provide well-balanced feed to the hybrid birds to exploit their genetic potential to the maximum. Efficient chick starter and growing mashes aid proper development of chicks and pullets. Proteins, largely of vegetable origin, in the growing mesh, encourage the normal development of pullets and help them to lay lower. These are fed to which when they are 24 hours old. Industries playing increasing roles in the struggle against world hunger include the poultry industry, which require less capital to enter than other animal industries, and the feed industry, which provides economical, feeds upon which the poultry industry depends. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Intercorp Biotech Ltd. Japfa Comfeed India Pvt. Ltd. Jupiter Biotech Ltd. Kapila Krishi Udyog Ltd. Kerala Feeds Ltd. Khandesh Extraction Ltd. Kirti Dal Mills Ltd. Kumar Food Inds. Ltd. Kwality Dairy (India) Ltd. Kwality Feeds Ltd. Lakshmi Energy & Foods Ltd. Laxmi Starch Ltd. Lipton India Ltd. Maharashtra Agro-Inds. Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Maheshwari Solvent Extraction Ltd. Mapro Industries Ltd. Nova Chemie (India) Ltd. Origin Agrostar Ltd. Parakh Foods Ltd. Piccadily Agro Inds. Ltd. Pioneer Feeds & Poultry Products Pvt. Ltd. Pranav Agro Inds. Ltd. Prima Agro Ltd. Puri Oil Mills Ltd. Rainbow Agri Inds. Ltd. S K M Animal Feeds & Foods (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: 72000 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 294 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1167 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 56.00%
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HDPE/PP Woven Sacks - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

HDPE/PP oriented strips are becoming increasingly popular in India & have caught the eye of many end users for their requirement of packing materials. They have become popular on account of their inertness towards chemical, moisture & excellent resistance towards rotting & fungus attack. They are non toxic. Lighter in weight & have more advantages than conventional bags. PP/HDPE woven sacks laminated with LDPE/PP liner have wider applications. HDPE woven sacks are much stronger & can withstand much higher impact loads because of HDPE strips elongation at break is about 15-25% as compared to 30% of Jute. These sacks are much cleaner & resist fungal attack. Jute prices are very unstable in the market since Jute is an agriculture product. These sacks have many advantages over other conventional sacks materials & are quite competitive in price. The major users of HDPE/PP woven sacks are fertilizer, sugar, cattle feed, cement & other chemical Industries. Oil seeds, salt, starch, pesticides, detergents & many other items are also being packed in woven sacks. Fabric from HDPE strips is also ideal for the manufacture of shopping bags, sport hold-all, deck chairs, books binding Cinema screen wall facing & carpet backing etc. Woven sacks enjoy a good market in India and will continue to do so in the coming years. Plastic woven sacks are rapidly replacing jute bags because they have often various advantages over the conventional jute fabrics as packaging materials. They have excellent chemical resistance; they are light in weight and more suitable for packing of various chemicals in the form of granules and powder. They are also: Stronger and can withstand much higher impact loads. Their elongation at break is 15 to 25 per cent compared to 3 per cent for jute; they are much cleaner, both in use and production and can be used to handle food products as they are resistant to fungal attack. Because of such superior properties of plastic woven sacks, it has high demand everywhere. Due to demand growth, it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. ? Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Aditya Polymers Ltd. Kamakhya (India) Ltd. Neo Corp Intl. Ltd. Nirmaan India Ltd. Oripol Industries Ltd. Polyspin Exports Ltd. Primo Pick N Pack Ltd. Propene Products Ltd. Prudential Polywebs Ltd. S P L Industries Ltd. (Maharashtra) Safepack Polymers Ltd. Shankar Packagings Ltd. Tulsyan N E C Ltd.
Plant capacity: 36000000 Nos. / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 294 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 1046 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Organic Fertilizer - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Potentially recyclable nutrients are largely in the form of the organic materials-night soil, animal manure, sewage sludge, composts, slaughter house wastes, and crop residues. There are some who believe that only naturally derived organic material should be used as fertilizer. Organic fertilizers do, indeed, have valuable properties as soil amendments. In particular, their humus content enhances the efficiency of mineral fertilizer, improves soil structure, increases water retention by soil, and decreases soil erosion. Vegetation like all living things requires certain foods for its survival and growth. For this purpose fertilizers or manure are the materials to be added to the soil and sometimes to foliage to supply nutrients to sustain plants and promote their abundant and fruitful growth. The elements that constitute these plants foods are divided into three classes. • Primary Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (usually expressed as P2O5), and potassium (expressed as K2O) • Secondary - calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and Sulphur (S) • And Minor or so called micro nutrients Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu) Zinc(Zn), Boron(B) and Molybdenum. In addition to their role as nutrients calcium and magnesium are important in adjusting the pH and filth of the soil. In the modern age the trend is more towards the Biofertilizers by virtue of their multifold superiority in soil replenishment with essential minerals, essential nutrients to the plant tissue, easy assimilation and above all greater economy. Mention may be made here of a very significant factor which is brought into play that bio-fertilizers are highly, Salubrious, resulting in healthiest possible growth of various parts of the plants. So any new entrants can venture in to this industry. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Agro Extracts Ltd. Fertilisers & Chemicals, Travancore Ltd. Good Value Mktg. Co. Ltd. Jupiter Biotech Ltd. Madras Fertilizers Ltd. Nava Bharath Fertilizers Ltd. Navkisan Bio Plaantec Ltd. Vrundavan Agro Inds. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1500 MT/ AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 66 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 147 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 51.00%
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  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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