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Best Business Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh - Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Agro-based industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation, under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops, including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of the country. India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries. The agro industry is regarded as an extended arm of agriculture. The development of the agro industry can help stabilise and make agriculture more lucrative and create employment opportunities both at the production and marketing stages. The broad-based development of the agro-products industry will improve both the social and physical infrastructure of India. Since it would cause diversification and commercialization of agriculture, it will thus enhance the incomes of farmers and create food surpluses. 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh produces over 9.57 million tons of fruits, vegetables and spices. Andhra Pradesh is the largest egg producer in India 1,000 kilometres of coastline, 8,577 kilometre river length and 102 reservoirs spread over an area of 2.34 lakh hectares have helped Andhra Pradesh develop as the principal producer of marine and fresh water foods, including fish and prawn. State is blessed with different agro-climatic conditions for growing a variety of horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, plantation crops and floriculture, largest producer of rice in India. The state is a leading producer of cash crops like tobacco, groundnut, dry chilly, turmeric, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and jute, second-largest producer of horticulture products in India; production is expected to reach 22.90 million tonnes by 2020. State produces some of the finest varieties of mangoes, grapes, guavas, papayas and bananas. Number one position in production of sweet lime, lime, papaya, chilly, turmeric and palm oil, second in the production of tomato and coriander, third in pomegranate, fourth in tapioca, lady finger and grapes, and fifth in onions. To achieve the growth envisaged for the agricultural sector, the state intends to promote investment of around US$ 17.07 billion by 2010, while the total investment until 2020 would be around US$ 39.02 billion

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In the recent Union Budget (2007-08), agriculture has got considerable attention with the various policy initiatives from the side of finance ministry. Some of the imp0ortant policies are:

·         During 2006-07 (until December 2006), 53.37 lakh new farmers were brought into the institutional credit system. A target of Rs. 225,000 crore as farm credit and an addition of 50 lakh new farmers to the banking system have been fixed for the year 2007-08. The two per cent interest subvention scheme for short-term crop loans will continue in 2007-08, and a provision of Rs.1,677 crore has been made for that purpose.

·         A special purpose tea fund has been launched for re-plantation and rejuvenation of tea. Government soon plans to put in place similar financial mechanism for coffee, rubber, spices, cashew and coconut.

·         Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) has been revamped in order to complete more irrigation projects in the quickest possible time. As against an outlay of Rs.7,121 crore in 2006-07, the outlay for 2007-08 has been increased to Rs.11,000 crore.

·         Rs.17,253 crore had been budgeted for fertilizer subsidies in 2006-07. However, according to the Revised Estimates, this will rise to Rs.22,452 crore.

·         The National Insurance Scheme (NAIS) will be continued for Kharif and Rabi crops during the year 2007-08.

·         The two per cent interest subvention scheme will continue in 2007-08.

·         Rs. 100 crores have been allocated to new Rain fed Area Development Programme, set up for coordinating all schemes for watershed development. 

 

 

 

 

Mineral: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

A mineral is a naturally occurring solid chemical substance formed through biogeochemical processes, having characteristic chemical composition, highly ordered atomic structure, and specific physical properties. Common rocks are often made up of crystals of several kinds of minerals. Minerals constitute the backbone of economic growth of any nation; India is endowed with significant volume of mineral deposits. It is estimated that India holds abundant reserves of minerals such as non coking coal, iron ore, bauxite (metallurgical grade), dolomite, gypsum, limestone and mica; adequate level of reserves of minerals such as lignite, chromite (metallic), manganese, zinc, graphite; but deficiency in mineral reserves such as coking coal, chromite (refractory grade), bauxite (chemical grade), copper, lead, apatite, rock phosphate and kyanite.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the second largest storehouse of mineral resources in India.  A total of 48 minerals were located with vast explored resources of coal, limestone, bauxite, barites, mica, beach sands, granite, limestone slabs etc., and good resources of oil and natural gas, manganese, asbestos, iron ore, ball clay, fireclay gold, diamond, graphite, dolomite, quartz, tungsten, steatite, feldspar, silica sand, Uranium, beach sands minerals, etc. State is endowed with the internationally known black, pink, blue and multicoloured varieties of granites. Over 400 mines have reported production in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major mineral based industries in the state include cement, ceramic & refractories, and sulphuric acid.

The state stands First in value of mineral production, contributing 9 to 10 per cent of the country’s mineral value production. Andhra Pradesh has huge reserves of key minerals such as coal, limestone, granite, bauxite and barytes. In fact, the state is estimated to have one-third of the country's total mineral wealth. Andhra Pradesh is the only southern state with coal deposits and has 20 per cent of the country's limestone reserves and 27 per cent of its bauxite reserves. The world's best granite, Black Galaxy, is found only in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of cement in the country

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Andhra Pradesh mineral policy aims at optimum exploitation, scientific development, value addition, marketing and exports under private and joint sectors. Mineral, cement and jewellery sectors are identified as thrust areas in the international policy. Simplified entrepreneur friendly structural changes are brought out in the state mineral policy, decentralised, deregulated and introduced prefixed time frame in the processing of mineral concessions at each level for faster implementation of projects. The government has thrown the mineral sector open for private investment & like to withdraw from areas in which their presence is no longer required & disinvest from these public sectors. The ministry of mines regulates & promotes the activities of mining in the country and is responsible for survey and exploration of all the minerals other than coal, natural gas, petroleum and atomic minerals; mining & metallurgy of non ferrous metals like aluminium, copper, zinc,  lead, gold, nickel; providing administration for prospecting and mining laws

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

India’s tourism industry is experiencing a strong period of growth, driven by the burgeoning Indian middle class, growth in high spending foreign tourists, and coordinated government campaigns to promote ‘Incredible India’. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry has helped growth in other sectors as diverse as horticulture, handicrafts, agriculture, construction and even poultry.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh has a variety of attractions including beaches, hills, wildlife, forests and temples. The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its rich history, architecture and culture. Andhra Pradesh is the top tourist destination in India. The weather is mostly tropical. Andhra Pradesh attracts the largest number of tourists in India. 3.2 million Visitors visit the state every year. With more than 600 tourist locations, the second largest coast line in the country, 1000 years of history and pilgrimage centres of every major religion of India, Andhra Pradesh is truly "The essence of India". Many sites still depict that Buddhism had its major significance and it was a prime Buddhist centre. Andhra Pradesh is popularly known as “Food bowl of South”. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh, which is a rich cultural city with many places of interests, palaces, museums, parks and religious sites. Andhra Pradesh is home to many wildlife and natural forest reserves with a large variety of flora and fauna. Diverse landscapes, deciduous forest, coastal belt, dense mangrove forest and many rivers of religious importance also originate in Andhra Pradesh. Largest Indian tiger reserve at Nallamala forest and pelican refuge at Kolleru Lake forms an important location for wildlife lovers.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Some of the salient features of the Tourism Policy are:

·         The policy proposes the inclusion of tourism in the concurrent list of the Constitution to enable both the central and state governments to participate in the development of the sector.

·         No approval required for foreign equity of up to 51 per cent in tourism projects. NRI investment up to 100% allowed.

·         Automatic approval for Technology agreements in the hotel industry, subject to the fulfilment of certain specified parameters.

·         Concession rates on customs duty of 25% for goods that are required for initial setting up, or for substantial expansion of hotels.

·         50% of profits derived by hotels, travel agents and tour operators in foreign exchange are exempt from income tax. The remaining profits are also exempt if reinvested in a tourism related project.

 

Automotive Industry: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

 

 

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh recognizes the enormous economic potential of automotive industry for the future development of the state. The economic benefits of the automobile industry to a host economy are legion. The immediate tangible benefits of the automotive industry are employment generation, fast development of key linkage industries liked steel, plastics, paints, etc., improvement in technological and related skill levels in various supporting industries, increased exports, increased revenues, etc. The automotive component manufacturing industry has a major share in the economic map of Andhra Pradesh. An abundance of skilled and non-skilled labourers helped the industry flourish in Andhra Pradesh and today there are more than 100 automotive component manufacturing companies in the state. 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The government policies on Indian automobile industry have been framed in order to aid in the expansion of the automobiles sector in India. The Auto Policy has spelt out the direction of growth for the auto sector in India and addresses most concerns of the automobile sector, including-

·         Promotion of R&D in the automotive sector to ensure continuous technology up gradation, building better designing capacities to remain competitive.

·         Impetus to Alternative Fuel Vehicles through appropriate long term fiscal structure to facilitate their acceptance.

·         Emphasis on low emission fuel auto technologies and availability of appropriate auto fuels and encouragement to construction of safer bus/truck bodies - subjecting unorganised sector also to 16% excise duty on body building activity as in case of OEMs.

The government has recently proposed for an infrastructure that will provide one stop clearance for any kind of proposal for foreign direct investment in the automotive sector. This will include the local clearance system also for the same purpose. There are also plans for imposing a 100 % tax deduction on export profits. The government has also proposed for a concession in import duty for the establishment of new manufacturing units and industrial holdings.

 

 

 

Biotechnology: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

 

PROFILE:

Biotechnology is gaining increasing ground in India. It is said that the 21st century belongs to this technology. Biotechnology is a frontier technology which has the potential to provide very substantial benefits to society in a wide range of sectors such as agriculture, medical and health, forestry, animal husbandry, environment protection, and improving the quality of products and services. The frontier technology is finding application in the field of healthcare, food, agriculture, horticulture, biopharmaceuticals, environmental protection, etc. The commercialisation of this technique for the betterment of mankind is poised to grow rapidly. The State is leading centre for Biotechnology and several global and Indian Biotechnological companies, global renowned research institutions.

RESOURCES:

Andhra Pradesh is the leading centre for Biotechnology and is known as Vaccine Capital of India. The Biotech industry is Andhra Pradesh accounts for 43% of the total biotech revenue generated by companies in South India. Hyderabad has become the Centre for International Bio Events like Bio India and Bio Asia. Technology will play a critical role in accelerating the pace of development in the State. Andhra Pradesh is endowed with rich bio-resources. There are 7 agro-climatic zones across the State, with 19 major food and commercial crops grown in different parts of the State. There are more than 5000 species of trees and, out of these, 2000 species are flowering trees. About 40 percent of the land is utilised for agriculture and 23 percent of the land is covered by forests in the State. Andhra Pradesh has unique proven expertise, commercial success and thus a competitive edge in biotechnology. With the increasing convergence of these technologies, Andhra Pradesh is poised to forge further ahead. In Agri-biotech, tissue culture for food crops and ornamental plants has been taken up in several parts of the state with considerable success.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the biotechnology sector as engine of economic growth and one of the thrust areas that has the potential to make a positive contribution to the life of the common man. The Government has consistently pursued proactive policies and undertaken several initiatives to support and promote the biotechnology sector in the State. Government of Andhra Pradesh has several firsts to its credits in the area of Bio sector. Key Highlights of the Policy:

·         Single Window Clearance System

·         Sales tax of 1%

·         Provision of rebate based on the employment opportunity created

·         To support the various initiatives being undertaken, the Government proposes to redraft the biotech policy and introduce positive changes that would enable an investor friendly environment.

 

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

In A.P., the collection and transportation constitutes 80 to 95% of total budget of solid waste management, hence it forms key component in determining the economics of whole waste management. Besides other factors like collection and transportation time, routing, the design and carrying capacity of vehicles, types of bins will have bearing effect on the efficient waste management system. It is preferable to use vehicles having mechanical loading system and with closed system of having no dust/smell nuisance during the transportation.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

 

Petroleum, petrochemicals, Chemicals: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

The Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical industry in India is well established and has recorded a steady growth over the years. The industry offers a wide scope for development that contributes positively to economic growth and regional development. The future outlook for the industry is bright with positive developments anticipated in various chemical and sub-sectors. The Indian chemical industry is an integral component of the Indian economy contributing around 67% id Indian GDP (Gross Domestic Product). In terms of consumption the chemical Industry is its own largest customer and accounts for approximately 33% of the consumption. Chemical Industries are very important for the economy of any country. This is because; these Chemical Industries supply the farmers Pesticides and Fertilizers which are essential for crop growing. In this way Chemical Industries contribute to agriculture and food self sufficiency of every country.

RESOURCES;

Andhra Pradesh is identified to locate PCPIR (Petroleum, Chemical, and Petro-Chemical Investment Regions) near Visakhapatnam in an area of 250 Sq. Kms (62,000 acres).

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilisers, Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, and Government of India had prepared the PCPIR policy duly addressing the following issues and policy would be announced very shortly:

·         Feedstock availability and its pricing,

·         Incentives and package of the Government of  India,

·         Identification of location of PCPIRs,

·         legal framework for the PCPIR policy,

·         State’s commitment and their incentive  packages

·         Mechanism for inter-action with identified / prospective investor’s / developers.

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A Business Plan for FREEZE DRIED FRUIT & VEGETABLES (Dry Banana, Mango, Custard Apple, Beetroot, Sapota, Dragon Fruit, Jamun and Green Peas)

The sublimation step of freeze-drying, also known as lyophilization, transforms water molecules in a solid phase into vapour molecules right away. Since lyophilization is the most complex and expensive kind of dehydration, it is normally only employed with expensive, delicate, and heat-sensitive materials. Freeze drying is a relatively recent method of food preservation. The food must first be frozen before being practically completely dried out in a vacuum chamber and sealed in an airtight container. Foods that have been freeze-dried require little preparation to eat, are easy to carry at room temperature, and can be stored for a very long period. Food that has been freeze-dried after processing resembles natural items in both appearance and flavour a great deal. Food that has been freeze-dried has many advantages. Because up to 98 percent of the water content has been removed, the meal is exceptionally light, which minimises the shipping cost. This makes it a favourite with boaters and hikers because they must bring food. It doesn't need to be refrigerated, thus storage and shipping costs are much lower. Application of Freeze Dried Vegetables Freeze-dried vegetables can be used in a variety of dishes, such as pasta dishes, vegetable dips and sauces, quick soups, appetisers, and salad dressings. Using vegetable purees made from freeze-dried vegetables in dishes doesn't degrade their quality and they have a superb flavour. Additionally, freeze-dried vegetable powders can be used in a variety of dishes. Application of Freeze Dried Fruits Freeze-dried fruits are frequently used in breakfast cereals, sweets, bakery mixes, ice cream, snack mixes, pastries, and many more goods. Fruit purees that have been frozen-dried are also a typical flavouring component in mixes. Advantages of freeze-drying To benefit from these specific advantages, use freeze-dried materials in your subsequent application. 1. Whole Food Nutrition As a result of shifting consumer values, more people are looking for nutrition from real, high-quality food sources with transparent labelling. Because they are very little processed, freeze-dried foods can contain pure ingredients that are free of synthetic, artificial, and highly processed materials. 2. Closest to the Fresh Form The fact that freeze-drying retains nutritional content more effectively than other drying methods adds credence to the consumer preference for nutrition from whole foods. The process also keeps the colour and shape of the original raw materials, assuring consumers that the fruits and vegetables they are eating are in fact real. 3. Customization Another advantage is the ability to customise freeze-drying to meet particular requirements and project goals. Freeze-dried products can be sliced or ground into a wide range of sizes and forms, from whole fruits and vegetables to fine powders. You may easily add the completed product into any blend or composition to produce a flavour profile that is uniquely yours. 4. Application Variety The adaptability and blending capabilities of food processors enable the addition of actual fruits and vegetables to a variety of applications. Expanding categories of freeze-dried application include breakfast applications like hot and cold cereals, retail-ready or ready-to-eat snacks, and beverage applications like smoothies or whole fruit pieces added to beverages. 5. Prolonged Shelf Life The amount of moisture in any given product directly affects how long it will stay fresh. Bacterial growth is stopped by employing the freeze-drying process to eliminate water. Although each product's moisture content is different, freeze-dried goods typically have a moisture level of about 3%. Indian Market In India, market categories for technology, size of operation, and accessories and equipment are used. Based on accessories and equipment, the market is segmented into vacuum systems, loading and unloading, controlling and monitoring systems, manifolds, clean in place systems, drying chambers, and others. India's freeze-drying market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 8.6% during the forecast period. Due to the acceptance of modern lifestyles and a lack of work-life balance, the demand for quick-to-prepare dishes has surged throughout the nation. Food that has been professionally prepared to simplify consumption is referred to as tertiary processed food, also known as convenience food. Global Market Asia Pacific is a significant region for growth in the market for freeze-dried fruits and vegetables. Due to factors including a sizable population, increasing disposable income, and the penetration of different retail formats, the Asia Pacific market is anticipated to create more than USD 15 billion in sales by the end of the projected years.The market for freeze-dried fruits and vegetables is expected to surpass USD 60 billion by 2025. The market for freeze-dried fruits and vegetables will grow significantly as packaged meals become more and more popular. Soups, beverages, ready-to-eat meals, and other packaged foods, among others, frequently contain the component. The advantages of the product over fresh fruits and vegetables will spur industry growth in the coming years. Industry Major Market Players: • ITC Limited (India) • Kambly SA • vMondelez International • PepsiCo • The Kraft Heinz Company • Annie's Homegrown Inc. • Parle Products Pvt. Ltd. (India) • Patanjali Ayurved (India) • Britannia (India) • Kellogg Co • Pladis global • Walkers Shortbread Ltd • Lotus Bakeries NV • Nestle SA • Burton’s Foods Ltd. Capacity: Freeze Dried Raw Banana: 19 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Mango: 19 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Custard Apple: 19 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Beetroot: 19 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Sapota: 18.5 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Dragon Fruit: 18.5 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Jamun: 18.5 Kgs per day Freeze Dried Green Peas: 18.5 Kgs per day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 95 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:200 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Float Glass (Electricity Dependence on Solar (on Plant Roof Top) and Furnace Heat Recycling inside the Plant) Production Business

The compressive strength of float glass is often much higher than its tensile strength. Strengthening processes have been created in order to create paint where glass may be employed in more difficult circumstances than before. Pre-stressing is used in the majority of these techniques to introduce surface compression. To make float glass, glass from a furnace is poured into a chamber with a bed of molten tin. The Pilkington Process is another name for the procedure. The chamber's environment is precisely controlled. As it floats on the tin, the glass self-forms into the shape of the container. It spans 90 to 140 inches wide and has a thickness that is defined at the time of manufacture. The term "float glass," in contrast to hollow ware, refers to any glasses created in a flat form, regardless of the construction method. It wasn't until the middle ages that glass blowers first succeeded in using flat sheets of glass for windows and subsequent processing. Mechanical production techniques began to be developed after 1920. Today, handcrafted flat glasses are more often the exception than the rule. Uses Float glass has a somewhat greenish colour. Depending on the thickness and angle of view, this is stronger or weaker; the green colour of the edges shines out in particular. This is due to the presence of iron oxides in the glass's overall composition. Float glass: an integral part of everyday life Whether we are driving and staring through the windshield, unwinding on the glazed porch, or appreciating beautiful porcelain in a glass case, we are always surrounded by floating glass panes, whether we are aware of it or not. As a result of the float glass method's effective production of mirror-flat glass, which enables unobstructed vision. Applications Float glass is a flexible material with a wide range of uses, including commercial and residential construction. Building industry In residential buildings, smaller windows are made of float glass, while larger windows are made with toughened panes. Glass is used for windows for both aesthetic and functional reasons, allowing for the passage of light and providing occupants with a view of the outside. Displays Because of its brilliant clarity, float glass is the greatest material for displaying objects. They can be used as countertops, storefront windows, and showroom display cases to protect priceless items like expensive watches, jewellery, and so forth while still being able to clearly show off the beauty of the distinctive products. Facades Nothing conveys richness and elegance like the sight of dazzling, glass skyscrapers, and what better material to employ to construct the ideal building that is both visually beautiful and functional than float glass processed with glazing. Glass can be strengthened and made more useful by glazing, but float glass' unrivalled appeal and beauty are offered by its exceptional clarity. Wall Panels Whether you use wall panels to build partitions in your home or your personal cabin in the office, they are a great way to update the décor and increase the visual appeal of your rooms. Colored float glass wall panels can add the much-needed splash of colour and new life to a room. Because it is undoubtedly the most versatile glass of all, float glass must be employed as décor when beautifying your homes and places of work. as India's leading integrated glass manufacturer. Commercial Glazing Float glass is increasingly being used in commercial applications. It permits the construction of buildings and offers the advantages of being indoors, protected from the elements, while creating the appearance that one is outside (except the sun).Glass is becoming more common in buildings because it provides a beautiful and easy-to-maintain outside surface. The majority of the glass used in this application goes through a toughening process after being heated, it should be mentioned. In an era when environmentally friendly practices in the workplace and at home are receiving a lot of attention, it is critical to take into account the materials used in the construction of major commercial buildings. Market Outlook The Indian commercial glass market's small-scale, decentralized production sector has given way to a heavily organized sector. It is growing swiftly as a result of the introduction of new industrial infrastructure, particularly in the construction and automotive industries. Energy consumption effectiveness and the use of new technology are crucial factors in the efficiency of glass manufacturing facilities. India is one of the world's largest markets for glass used in construction. It is anticipated that as green and sustainable architecture gains popularity, consumer demand will increase along with urbanization and disposable income levels. The glass market is anticipated to see significant potential and to grow at a CAGR of more than 12 percent between 2019 and 2027. India's commercial glass market is segmented by type and industry. It is separated into four types: flat glass, specialty glass, container glass, and fiber glass. Due to growing consumer awareness of health and hygiene issues as well as a rise in the use of glass containers rather than plastic ones, container glass is anticipated to hold a sizable market position in India's commercial glass market. The architectural sector, which currently holds the majority of the market share and is anticipated to grow at the highest CAGR in the coming years, is separated into the food and beverage, automotive, and industry sectors. Industry Major Market Players: • Asahi Glass Company (AGC) • Nippon Sheet Glass • Saint Gobain • Metro Performance Glass • Hartung Glass Industries • Pilkington • Guardian Industries • China Southern Glass • Central Glass • Asahi India Glass (AIS) • Trakya Cam Sanayii • PPG • Fuyao Group • Taiwan Glass Group • Cardinal Glass Industries • Sanxia New Material • Shanghai Yaohua Pilkington Glass Group • Xinyi Glass Holdings • China Glass Holdings • Jinjing Group • China Luoyang Float Glass
Plant capacity: 8000Sq.Mtrs.PerDayPlant & machinery: 206 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:270 Cr
Return: 24.00%Break even: 27.00%
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Set Up Epoxy Hardener Plant

Epoxy hardeners are almost always necessary to produce an epoxy resin for the purpose for which it is designed. Epoxies fall short of the extraordinary mechanical and chemical characteristics that they would have without the hardener. The proper kind of hardener must be used in order to ensure that the epoxy mixture will meet the requirements of the application. To ensure that the resulting epoxy mixture will perform as planned, always conduct research on both the resin and the hardener. Epoxy hardeners with anhydride, amine, polyamide, aliphatic, and cycloaliphatic bases are prominent examples. Because of its outstanding cohesiveness, flexibility, toughness, chemical resistance, and moisture resistance, epoxy resin is used in inks, paints, and adhesives. Manufacturers and engineers commonly call for a substance that is lighter and more malleable than metal while still providing protection and sturdiness. Polyamide is a fantastic alternative. Because of its dependability, affordability, and ease, it is frequently employed in a wide range of industries and in the production of goods. Amide bonds keep the polymer polyamide together. Fabrics made of wool, silk, and nylon all include polyamides; wool and silk are naturally occurring polyamides, whereas nylon is a synthetic polyamide. Synthetic polyamide thermoplastics are important in engineering because they offer good performance at a reasonable price. Uses When polyamide is made into a fabric, it can have a woven structure, and when it is cast as a resin, it can have a structure that is harder and more robust. It may occasionally be braided for a unique blend of flexibility and strength. Advantages and Application Polyamides are very cost-effective. Because they are easy to move, they have lower production costs than metals and are less expensive to install than other materials. Ingress Protection Polyamide provides a reliable seal that won't leak. Since it does not retain odors, rats are less likely to find it attractive to chew through than materials like PVC and other plastics. Rodent-resistant braided sleeping is an excellent remedy for pest control problems. Noise Dampening It is a superb sound insulator, polyamide is a smart choice for loud areas where noise reduction can encourage productive work or reduce annoyance to nearby residents. Polyamide is often used in clothing and carpeting. It also regularly shows up in the production of items like fishing line, electrical connectors, gears, guitar picks, strings, and medical implants that must be both strong and flexible. Polyamide is used to create products that need both strength and flexibility. Food and Beverage The food and beverage industry uses polyamide systems to provide exceptional cleaning in areas where parts may come into contact with food. These techniques are common in factories and locations where food is packed. ? Cycloaliphatic Amine Hardener Cycloaliphatic hardeners are used in conjunction with liquid epoxy resins or epoxy resin that has been altered using reactive or non-reactive diluents. It is ideal for self-leveling floor coatings, high-solid protection coatings, and structural steel. Cycloaliphatic amines have excellent gloss and good film hardness in their film properties. Excellent performance at higher temperatures and excellent mechanical and chemical resistance, especially at heat cure temperatures. • High-solids coatings • Secondary Containment, Chemical-resistant Linings, Adhesives, and Flooring. Market Outlook: Demand for coating materials that are chemically resistant, incredibly durable, and exceptionally strong has surged in the metal industry as a result of the introduction of new, environmentally acceptable epoxy curing chemicals. Long-term need for epoxy hardeners will rise as metal protection demand increases globally due to factors including quick drying periods, high adhesiveness, and water resistance. Additionally, major investments in bio-based polymer research and development have been made recently as a result of growing financial and environmental concerns, potentially extending the market for epoxy hardeners. In order to address the industry need for ecologically friendly processes and products that support sustainable growth, manufacturers are making an effort to replace petroleum-based materials with polymers manufactured from naturally occurring feedstocks. The U.S. is predicted to hold 84 percent of the global market share for epoxy hardeners during the forecast period of 2021–2031, expanding at a CAGR of almost 5 percent. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) estimates that by 2037, there will likely be 8,270 commercial aircraft in use worldwide due to the rise in air freight. Similar to this, it is anticipated that as the existing fleet matures, US mainliner carriers' fleet will grow by 54 aircraft per year. Due to this, epoxy hardeners will likely become more necessary, which will strengthen the current fleet's resistance to outside effects. The paints, coatings, and inks industry, which is the main engine of this expansion, consumes a lot of epoxy agents. A strong chance for development structural adhesives are expected to see an increase in applications as well as public awareness in the Chinese market. One of the end-user sectors with the highest expectations for market dominance throughout the anticipated period is construction. Industry Major Market Players: • Corporate.Evonik • Arkema • Hexion • Huntsman International LLC • Cardolite Corporation • BASF SE • Cardolite Corporation • Kukdo Chemical Co., Ltd. • Dupont • Daikin • Bostik • H.B. Fuller Company • Sika AG • Freudenberg SE • Aditya Birla Group Chemicals (India) • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation • Dow • Solvay • Air Products, Inc. • Momentive
Plant capacity: Polyamide Hardener:6 MT Per Day Cycloaliphatic Amine Hardener:1.2 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 4 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:13 Cr
Return: 28.00%Break even: 66.00%
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Set Up Milk Processing Automatic Plant (Milk and Milk Powder)

Powdered milk is a dairy item prepared from cow's milk. Cow's milk is mostly made up of water, lipids, protein, sugar, and ash. Between 86 and 88 percent of the weight of cow milk is made up of water. During the skimming process, a sizable yet appropriate amount of cream material is taken out of the milk before it is powdered. The processed milk powder is put into fully galvanized metal cans or plastic bags after some vitamins are added. Because milk is a unique fluid that includes all of the essential nutrients in one handy container, it performs a significant role as a source of sustenance for newborns. After staple grains, milk is the second-most important source of nutrition for a huge number of people. The production of dried milks and products made from milk has become increasingly important to the dairy sector today. Milk powder is one of the most widely used and processed milks. Milk powder is produced using two different drying methods: spray drying and drum drying. Milk powder must have a specific composition. Processing dairy products is a nice project overall. Uses Milk powder is a typical culinary item. 2. It is the infant's whole diet. 3. Foods like ice cream, curd, butter, ghee, and other things are made with it. 4. Milk powder is used in every home. 5. It is used to create tea and coffee as well as milk-based foods in hotels and restaurants. 6. It is used in the production of cheese, yoghurt, ice cream, and lassies. Health Benefits • In skimmed milk powder, the proteins, water-soluble vitamins, and minerals are removed, but the fat and fat-soluble vitamins are still there. • Skim milk powder has almost the same levels of proteins (26%) and carbohydrates (37%) as liquid skim milk. The proportion of fat to water has been decreased to zero, nevertheless. Since it is believed to be fat-free and a healthy alternative to whole milk, those with high cholesterol and heart conditions can take it. Skim milk powder also contains vitamins A and D. Vitamin D promotes bone formation, but vitamin A helps with vision. For preserving and rebuilding skin, both vitamins are necessary. • Particles Thanks to the calcium it contains, skimmed milk can be reconstituted with water and used like regular milk for drinking or cooking, maintaining teeth and bones throughout life. When made with skim milk, milk-based beverages and chocolates can have a lower calorie content. Many ice cream products that are promoted as low fat include skim milk powder that has been reconstituted. If the recipe called for full fat milk, the low fat content would be useless. Skim milk powder can be used to produce biscuits, milk cookies, cakes, muffins, cupcakes, pastries, and other baked products. Indian Market India is a substantial producer of raw milk, with a large output valued at $26.9 billion in 2014. (The component for milk and dairy products). 150 million tons of milk were eaten in India in 2016, which accounts for 26% of global milk consumption. It is mostly used to prepare specialty Indian dairy meals that are regularly made at home, like ghee (butter oil), dahi (yoghurt), and paneer (cottage cheese). Additionally, it is employed in the production of chai drinks, which are a favourite among regular Indians. India has one of the greatest livestock industries in the world, with a population of 299.9 Mn cattle, buffalo, mithun, and yak. The rise of the dairy and milk processing markets in India is ensured by the steady supply of milk, the primary raw material for this industry. Skim milk powder (SMP) had a market in India valued INR 118.8 billion in 2021. It is a rich source of essential nutrients the body requires for overall growth. Due to its low moisture, fat, and milk protein content, it is frequently used as a whole milk powder substitute by consumers trying to reduce their calorie intake. The market has risen strongly due to a number of variables. The growing health consciousness of customers is primarily what is driving the industry. A number of additional factors, such as expansion into new regions, rising incomes, and improving standards, have contributed to the market's growth. Improving living levels and population growth. The market anticipates that it would increase at a CAGR of 11% from 2022 to 2027, reaching INR 235.6 billion. Global Market Milk powder is consumed all over the world and is a significant industry because it provides numerous nutrients, such as vitamin B12, thiamin, and significant amounts of protein. The fact that milk powder has a longer shelf life than regular milk also plays a role in the increased demand for milk powder. The global milk powder market is fragmented, with numerous domestic and foreign rivals fighting for market supremacy. The release of new products that offer natural or organic claims is currently the focus of companies' main marketing tactics. AMUL Fed, Nestlé S.A., Arla Foods, Fonterra Co-Operative Group, and NOW Foods are a few additional important players. One of the four new projects Amul invested INR 415 Cr in in 2021 is the new milk powder factory at Amul Fed Dairy. The daily production capacity of Amul Fed Dairy, a division of the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), has doubled from 35 lakh to 50 lakh liters thanks to the new milk powder factory. In 2017, the market for milk powder was estimated to be worth $27,783.3 million; by 2025, it is expected to have grown to $38,086.1 million, with a CAGR of 4.4 percent. Industry Major Market Players: • Danone • Nestle • FrieslandCampina • Arla • Vreugdenhil Dairy • Alpen Dairies • California Dairies • DFA • Lactalis • Land O’Lakes • Fonterra • Westland • Tatura • Burra Foods • MG • Ausino • Yili • Mengniu • Feihe • Wondersun
Plant capacity: Pasteurised Milk:10,000 Units Per Day Skimmed Milk Powder:10,000 Units Per Day Raw Cream By Product:4,200 Units Per DayPlant & machinery: 49 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:63 Cr.
Return: 27.00%Break even: 37.00%
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Flat Glass Manufacturing Business

Glass has a microscopic structure that resembles a liquid in which the constituent parts combine to form an unpredictable network with no long-range order. The term "glass" also applies to cooled melts. Glass in the form of flat sheets makes up the majority of transparent everyday items. In addition to photovoltaic and solar thermal panels, windscreens and windows for automobiles and other modes of transportation, windows, and building facades are all made with it. Numerous other products, including furniture, "street furniture" (such bus stops), appliances, electronics, and interior fittings and decoration, are also made using it, albeit in much smaller quantities. This component is necessary for today's civilization. However, because of its unique quality of transparency, people usually ignore it and the advantages it brings to their lives. Glass is any amorphous substance that is created by lowering the temperature of a melt, independent of its chemical composition or the range of temperatures at which it solidifies. Glass develops the mechanical properties of a solid body as a result of the gradual viscosity development. Glass melts at temperatures between 1000 and 2000 °C. Uses and Application Glass in Commercial Buildings Developments in glass technology, large commercial buildings may now be converted into energy-efficient structures that maximize natural sunlight while conserving the environment, the climate, and saving energy. Glass in Residential Houses Glass proves to be a particularly attractive and modern alternative to traditional building materials like brick, polycarbonate, or wood. How much natural light enters the house depends on how much glass is used. This enhances the comfort and pleasantness of the home with today's high-tech glass solutions without compromising environmental sustainability, security, or safety. Interior Design Innovative interior design alternatives made possible by glass can improve a space's impression of light and space while also introducing colour and movement. Due to advancements in glass manufacturing technology, this attractive material may now be used for structural purposes in addition to decorative ones, making it more useful than ever. Glass in photovoltaic applications Solar energy is directly turned into electricity using photovoltaic systems. There is a vast spectrum of technology available to achieve specific goals, from residential systems to utility size. The range of solar panel forms and colours available gives designers and developers more choice when integrating designs and creating integrated applications (BIPV). One of the other photovoltaic techniques is thin film, in which solar cells are made on glass using a number of thin sheets. In these technologies, transparent conductive coated glass can be used as the front glass on which the films are formed. The conductive coating, which also transmits the power generated by the modules outside of them, illuminates the photoactive films. Other Glass Applications Flat glass is used in a wide range of different applications in addition to the primary ones already mentioned in solar energy, transportation, and architecture. These actual examples demonstrate how glass can be a source of practicality, style, health, security, and safety. Appliances Appliances for the home, workplace equipment, and other uses frequently employ flat glass. Tempered glass is used for oven doors, which are designed to withstand extremely high temperatures. Drilled, silk-screened, and tempered glass is used to make stove tops and control panels in order to give high levels of thermal and mechanical safety as well as a beautiful appearance. In order to withstand shocks and prevent spills, refrigerators have shelves made of silk-screened, tempered, edged, and clipped glass. Dishwashers, washers, and dryers all have tempered glass on their drums and panels. Anti-reflective glass reduces the glare that reflects off of televisions, computer screens, glass cases, and other electronic displays. Photocopiers, scanners, and fax machines all need highly transparent glass sheets to help with document imaging. Furniture It is not affected by moisture and has a good resistance to wear and scratches, glass is extremely durable and requires little care. Additionally, it offers furniture designers distinct stylistic choices. Glass can be used to construct or be a component of the majority of home furnishings, including coffee and dining tables, bookcases and shelves, TV units, media storage, office furniture, lighting, aquariums, and other accessories. Glass furniture is particularly well-suited for settings where the amount of light needs to be maximized because it transmits and reflects light rather than absorbing it. It also gives off a vivid, bright appearance, which enhances both the actual and perceived illumination in an area. Radiation Protection Radiation protection is guided by three ideas: time, distance, and shielding. For a variety of radiation types, glass works well as a radiation shielding medium. In order to safeguard the operators, leaded glass is widely used in X-ray facilities. PET-scan (positron emission tomography) equipment also uses radiation-protective glass. Additionally, viewing windows for nuclear power stations are made of special glass that is made to protect against radioactive radiation. In the nuclear business, glass is used for radiation-shielding windows in the form of large blocks, some of which can weigh more than 4 tones. To stop radiation-induced browning, cerium oxide can be added to lead and non-lead-containing glasses. Indian Market The Indian flat glass industry is anticipated to reach a value of over $3 billion in 2021. Between 2022 and 2027, the market is projected to expand at a CAGR of roughly 7.9 percent. A rise in the global building and automotive industries is anticipated to cause a surge in the flat glass market in the ensuing years. The demand for flat glass used in solar applications would also increase as government funding on renewable energy sources increased. A significant expansion in the construction industry is predicted to accelerate market revenue growth in the near future. The rise of India's flat glass market is being aided by rapid urbanization and a thriving industrial sector. Additional factors boosting overall sales include the expanding usage of flat glass across a range of end users, including the construction and automobile industries. Top producers are also spending money on research and development (R&D) in order to make and market superior flat glass. The country's market is also growing as a result of rising corporate sector demand and developing infrastructure initiatives. The government's rising promotion of the construction of green buildings is also helping the market for flat glass. Global Market The market for flat glass was valued at USD 273.43 billion in 2021, and it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.3 percent from 2022 to 2030. The increase in solar energy installations worldwide and the use of glass architecture in both residential and non-residential buildings are expected to propel market growth over the course of the forecast period. Due to causes such the depletion of renewable resources, government regulations, growing environmental concerns, decreased installation costs for solar energy systems, advancements in technology, and rising electricity consumption, and the business is growing. Industry Major Market Players: • AGC Inc. • Saint-Gobain • NSG Group • Guardian Industries • ?i?ecam Group • Taiwan Industry Glass Corporation • Fuyao Glass Industry Group • Vitro, S.A.B. De CV • Central Glass • CSG Holdings Co. Ltd. • Other key players
Plant capacity: 4000 Sq.Mtrs. per dayPlant & machinery: 140 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:187 Cr
Return: 24.00%Break even: 30.00%
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ZINC INGOTS Manufacturing Business Plan

Zinc is an element in chemistry. Zinc is a slightly brittle metal at room temperature that turns silvery-grey when its oxidation is removed. It is the first element in group 12 of the periodic table (IIB). A single normal oxidation state (+2) and similar-sized Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions are just two of the chemical similarities between zinc and magnesium. After iron, aluminum, and copper, zinc is the fourth most used metal with an annual production of about 13 million tones. The largest producer of zinc worldwide is Nyrstar, which was formed through the merger of the Australian OZ Minerals and the Belgian Umicore. Applications and Uses Over 70% of the world's zinc production comes from mining, with the other 30% coming from secondary zinc recycling. Zinc that is 99.995 percent pure for commercial use is known as Special High Grade, or SHG for short. 95 percent of fresh zinc is recovered globally from sulfidic ore deposits, where sphalerite (ZnS) is almost always linked with the sulphides of copper, lead, and iron. Despite the fact that there are many zinc mines worldwide, the three largest are located in China, Australia, and Peru. Galvanizing: Steel objects are coated with zinc during the galvanizing process to make them corrosion-resistant. Galvanized steel is used to make a variety of items, including automobiles, structures, appliances for the home, and furniture. Iron Oxide: Zinc oxide, a zinc compound, is used to vulcanize many different products, such as paint, ceramics, and rubber. Die Castings: Zinc die cast alloy is used in several electronic components, hardware components, electrical equipment, etc. Alloys: A zinc and copper alloy is called brass. Industries: Furniture, chemicals, rubber, automotive, and batteries are just a few of the industrial sectors that use the pure, incredibly malleable, high-strength zinc ingots. Die castings made of zinc are used in many aspects of daily life, including construction and furniture fixtures and automobile parts. To produce cast goods in any quantity and size economically, there are several casting techniques accessible. Additional advantages of zinc die casting over other production methods include dimensional stability, precise casting tolerances, moderate casting temperatures, superior casting fluidity, reduced machining, thermal and electrical conductivity, faster production rates, extended tool life, and suitability for coating. Benefits EAF dust is a fine, dust-like material. This poses a problem when processing in a kiln since material fines become entrained in the process gas flow and eventually leave the kiln with the off-gases, rendering the process highly inefficient and pointless. Pelletizing the particles increases their size and prevents entrainment in the process gas. Global Market Zinc prices increased by 50% from May 2020 to May 2021, from $1,975 per metric tonne to $2,965 per metric tonne. The increase occurred after a two-year, 45 percent decline from the $3,500 peak reached in 2018. The price is currently 11.5 percent over the 5-year moving average. In 2022, the average spot price for zinc will drop from $2,700/t at the end of 2021 to $2,400/t, according to the World Bank's commodities outlook report. After then, a stage of steady expansion will start. In contrast, the IMF's estimate predicted a growth from $2,828/t at the end of 2021 to $2,859 in 2022. IMF experts predict a steady, progressive decline throughout the succeeding term. They anticipate a decrease in price to by 2026, they expect the cost to fall to $2,818/t. IISA (Industry Innovation and Science Australia) predicts a decline in the spot price of zinc from $2,686 at the end of 2021 to $2,362 in 2022, followed by a modest climb through 2026, which is more in line with World Bank forecasts. Production is expected to increase because to an expected 3.2% increase in Chinese output as well as additional increases in Italy, India, Japan, Peru, and the United States. The demand for refined zinc in Europe is anticipated to climb by 8.5% as a result of increases in France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Usage will only rise by 2.8 percent, though. In the US, the demand for refined zinc is expected to increase this year, In the US, India, Brazil, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, and Turkey, there is expected to be an increase in refined zinc demand this year. Industry Major Market Players: • Roto Metals • Pushpa International • Exporters India • Hindustan Zinc • Nyrstar • Industrial Metal Supply Company • Advameg Inc • Phoenix Industries Ltd. • Siyaram Impex Pvt. Ltd. • Shree Metal Industries • Focus Technology Co., Ltd. • C. Kundu and Sons
Plant capacity: 6 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 45 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:525 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Setting Up Medical College With Hospital

In the context of health care, a hospital is an establishment that offers preventive, curative/ameliorative, palliative, or rehabilitative treatments. The definition given by the WHO, on the other hand, is quite inclusive and detailed and reads as follows: "an integral part of the medical and social organization whose mission is to provide for the population complete health care, both curative and preventive; and whose outpatient services reach out to the family in its home environment." The hospital is a center for bio-social research and for the education of medical specialists. A hospital is made to handle a range of ailments in patients. Doctors help the whole country by treating diseases that rob individuals of their health and cause them to suffer using medication and other treatments. Normal connections between educational institutions include colleges and hospitals. Hospitals offer O.P.D. and admittance services for the critically ill, terribly hurt, severely burned, and pregnant, victims, etc. Due to the growing incompetence of hospital doctors and their overcrowding, private hospitals were given a chance to succeed. Many private hospitals began to appear, offering comprehensive ECG, X-Ray, laboratory, 24-hour emergency, and admission services for ill individuals, seriously injured people, and pregnant women. Due to their belief that a person's life had a high price and that medical expenditures could be ignored, middle class and upper class families started favoring these private hospitals and nursing homes. A private hospital can provide care for anything from a minor illness to a significant surgical procedure. The amenities that can be found in a hospital are actually not constrained. However, the majority of private hospitals are furnished with the most advanced technology. In a hospital, it is essential to have surgeons, physicians, E.N.T. specialists, pediatric specialists, eye surgeons, and psychologists. Uses and Application 1. The applicant wants to pursue a career in medicine. 2. The applicant is the legal owner and occupier of the relevant land parcel needed by the Indian Medical Council to build the proposed medical college. 3. The applicant has a certificate of essentiality from the relevant State Government or Union Territory Administration stating that it is desirable and practical to have the proposed medical college at the proposed location and that there is sufficient clinical material available in accordance with Medical Council of India requirements. 4. The candidate has obtained approval from a renowned university to connect with the intended medical college. 5. The applicant, who resides adjacent to the proposed medical college, must own and run a hospital with at least 300 beds, the necessary infrastructure, and the ability to function as an educational facility in accordance with Indian Medical Council guidelines. 6. That the applicant has a realistic and time-bound plan to set up the proposed medical college, including the infrastructure facilities required by the Medical Council of India, adequate hostel facilities for boys and girls, and commensurate with the proposed student intake, in order to complete the medical college within four years of the date of grant or permission. 7. That the medical college would only allow students to enroll after receiving formal approval from the Central Government and verification from the Indian Medical Council that the facilities are suitable for starting M.B.B.S. 8. That the applicant has a realistic expansion plan that includes a timeline that complies with the requirements of the Medical Council of India by adding more beds and infrastructure amenities. 9. The applicant has the organizational and financial know-how necessary to establish and run the proposed medical college and its ancillary facilities, including a teaching hospital. 10. That the applicant offers the Medical Council of India two performance bank guarantees: one for a sum of Rs. 100 lakhs (for 50 annual admissions), Rs. 150 lakhs (for 100 admissions), and Rs. 200 lakhs (for 150 annual admissions) and the second for a sum of Rs. 350 lakhs (for 500 beds), Rs. 500 lakhs (for 700 beds), and Rs. 750 lakhs (for 1000 beds) for the establishment of the medical college and its infrastructural facilities. Indian Market The two primary parts of the Indian healthcare delivery system are the public and private sectors. The government's public healthcare system focuses on providing primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in rural areas, with a few secondary and tertiary care facilities in big cities. With a focus on metropolises, tier I cities, and tier II cities, the majority of secondary, tertiary, and quaternary care facilities are administered by the private sector. Currently estimated to be worth over $100 billion, the Indian healthcare sector as a whole is expected to expand to US$ 280 billion by 2022, indicating a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.0%. 22.9 percent CAGR for annual growth. Healthcare delivery, which includes prescription drugs, hospitals, nursing homes, and diagnostic centers, accounts for 65% of the market. The market for healthcare information technology (IT), which is currently worth US$ 1 billion, is expected to have grown by a ratio of 1.5 by 2022. According to a prediction by Deloitte Touché Tohmatsu India, the Indian healthcare sector, which is presently estimated to be worth roughly $100 billion USD, will increase at a CAGR of 23% to US$ 280 billion USD by 2022. There is a big chance to improve healthcare services because the proportion of GDP spent on healthcare is increasing. Rural areas, where more than 70% of Indians reside, are anticipated to grow in importance as potential markets. India will require an additional 600,000 to 700,000 beds over the next five to six years, with a potential investment potential of $25 to $30 billion. As a result of this need for cash, more transactions are likely to occur in the healthcare industry in the near future. From $5 to $15 million in the past, private equity funds now invest an average of $20 to $30 million in healthcare chains. A total of 3,598 hospitals and 25,723 dispensaries across the country offer Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Umami, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) care, ensuring that the general public has access to alternative medicine and therapy. An estimated 230,000 people will travel to India each year for $3 billion in medical tourism. The number of people travelling to India for medical care is expected to triple over the following four years, and by 2018, the nation's medical tourism industry is expected to generate US$ 6 billion. As more hospitals receive accreditation and recognition and as more individuals become aware of the need to raise their quality to meet international standards, Kerala wants to become India's healthcare hub within the next five years. • The sector is expected to be valued US$ 160 billion by 2017 and US$ 280-390 billion by 2022, respectively. • In April 2021, Tata Digital invested US$13.45 million (about Rs. 100 core) in the start-up 1mg, which offered prescription medications online and had begun the process of taking over management of the company. Industry Major Market Players: • Apollo Hospitals • TACT Academy for Clinical Training • Zimmer Institute • Olympus • Gundersen Health System • GE Healthcare • Medical Training College • A V P Research Foundation • Aakash Educational Services Ltd. • Adani Hospitals Mundra Pvt. Ltd. • Apple Hospitals & Research Institute Ltd. • Artemis Medical Institute & Hospitals Pvt. Ltd. • Asian Heart Institute & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd. • B P Poddar Hospital & Medical Research Pvt. Ltd. • Baby Memorial Hospital Ltd.
Plant capacity: 100 Students, 500 bedded HospitalPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:123 Cr
Return: 22.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Start Production Business of Rubber Granules from Waste Tyre

One of the most important chemical components is rubber, which is a polymer of butadiene. In today's technologically advanced world, it is widely used in many different fields. Rubber is used primarily in the production of tires for various types of automobiles, which is the industry that produces tires. Rubber is required as the primary component of rubber goods. Either natural rubber, which is typically cultivated on enormous plantations and has all the problems that monocultures have, or synthetic rubber, which is produced using crude oil. Both processes use a great deal of resources. At the end of the chain, the countryside is suddenly covered in mountains of discarded car tires. These garbage sites are now handled by recycled rubber and used tire facilities. Rubber from used tires does not easily biodegrade, not even after extensive processing in a landfill. Landfilling used tires causes soil and water contamination since the leftover tire rubber contains toxic and soluble components. Tire stockpiles act as a haven for various pests, and burning tires presents significant fire dangers. It is crucial to find an alternative to consumption or disposal of discarded rubber tires. Used tire rubber holds a lot of promise for uses in the construction sector. This rubbish usage would not only be economical but might also help to preserve the environment. Any material that is created by uniformly pulverising old tires or other rubber into granules and then eliminating any steel or other inert impurities like dust, glass, or rock is known as rubber. The primary raw materials utilized in the production of crumb rubber are tire buffing’s, a byproduct of tire retreading, and waste tire rubber. Scrap tire rubber is made up of three different types of tires: off-road tires, which account for 1% of units or 15% of the total weight of scrap tires, trucks, which account for 15% of units or 20% of the total weight of scrap tires, and passenger car tires, which account for about 84 % of units or roughly 65 % of the total weight of scrap tires. The final product yields for each of these tire types are influenced by the tire’s design, strength, and weight. 10–12 pounds of rubber crumbs can be produced by one passenger tire per year. Uses and Application Rubber may also be used in stadium flooring, brake pad factories, oil refineries, automobile industries, and brake pad factories. In cement factories, rubber is occasionally used as fuel. Four tires are equal to one barrel of fuel, and a tone of tires is equal to 700 kg of standard fuel. Numerous products, including shoes, tires, rubber connectors, oil seals, hoses, and related items, are produced in factories using rubber. Golf courses, aircraft pitches, basketball courts, and recreational fields; 10-20 mesh (0.85-2 mm): safety mats, gym mats, and other stadium floor mats. Rubber tiles, plastic track, grass sand, skin fragments, cottonseed meal, and leisure fields. Plastic insulating material, shock-proofing material, washers, recycled rubber, modified asphalt, fender, multipurpose mats, and stable mats are all examples of materials with a mesh size of 30 (0.6 mm). 80 mesh (0.18 mm) size rubber is available as reclaimed rubber, waterproof rolls, tire additives, sleepers, road humps, seals, buffers, pearl pads, rubber pistons, brake linings, and other rubber products. Rubber pavement blocks, cow mats, railroad crossings, detachable speed bumps, and gymnasium mats are a few examples of products created of rubber utilizing straightforward compression molding procedures. By removing the sulphur bonds that make up the molecular structure of recycled rubber, devulcanization is a method for restoring it without compromising its quality, appearance, or performance characteristics. This can be accomplished using a variety of techniques, including mechanical, thermal, ultrasonic, and even the use of microbes. Other Unrelated Uses - Many items, such as playground swings, door mats made of tire strips, handicrafts, and shoe bottoms, are the result of imaginative thinking. All around Thailand, there are trash containers made from used tires. Market Outlook: The rubber industry in India is growing significantly. The demand for rubber granules in India has increased from 5% to 8%. The product's range is appropriate. The USA is estimated to be the world's largest producer, with approximately 300 million waste tires generated year. However, China and India are progressively increasing the amount of rubbish tires as more new cars are sold. Every year, more than a billion tires are dumped in landfills throughout the world. An estimated 15 million tons of used tires are generated annually on a global scale. Debris is piled high and deposited in landfills, endangering the environment and human health. Appropriate recycling of used tires helps to address these problems by recovering resources and giving the general public job and financial possibilities. Each year, more than 1.6 billion new tires are produced, along with 1 billion tires that are thrown away. However, the recycling industry processed only 100 million tires annually. Tire recycling is difficult due to the tire's complicated design and numerous intricate processes that make it virtually indestructible. Leading tire recyclers are spending a lot of money, though, on state-of-the-art equipment and technology that might help recycle tires for a number of purposes while also preserving the environment. According to the most recent research, the demand for Rubber granules is anticipated to develop significantly between the next assessment periods of 2021 and 2031, at a rate of around 4.0 percent to 6.0 percent. Due to increased demand for a number of applications, such as playground surfaces, drain construction, road construction, the automotive industry, and others, the market is expected to expand at a healthy rate during the upcoming years. Industry Major Market Players: • Liberty Tire Services LLC • Lakin General • Entech Inc. • Emanuel Tire Co. • Tire Disposal & Recycling Inc. • Mac’s Tire Recyclers • Golden By-Products Inc • Champlin Tire Recycling • L&S Tire Co. • Global Rubber LLC • Manhantango Enterprises Inc. • RB Rubber Products • BAS Recycling Inc. • Rumpke Consolidated Cos. Inc • Global Tire Recycling of Sumter County Inc • reRubber LLC • Golden By-Products Inc. • Colt Inc. Scrap Tire Centers
Plant capacity: Rubber Granules:5 MT Per Day By Product Steel Wire:0.5 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 60 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:207 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Manufacturing Business

Fiberboard (MDF) is a dry-formed panel product constructed from lignocellulosic fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder. The panels are compressed using a hot press to achieve a density of 496 to 801 kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3) (31 to 50 pounds per cubic foot [lb/ft3]). The entire interfiber bond is formed by a synthetic glue or other appropriate organic binder. Due to its smooth, tight edges, MDF can be machined and has a more even density throughout the board. Because it can be completed with a smooth surface and printed with a grain pattern, veneers or laminates are not necessary. Most of the heavier MDF panels used for furniture have a thickness of 1.27 to 1.91 centimeters (1/2 to 3/4 inch). Panels of medium density fiberboard that are thinner than 1.27 cm (1/2 in) are frequently used for siding. One of these is MDF, a product made of man-made wood similar to particleboard. Particleboard, which is merely a mixture of wood chunks and shavings bound together with resin, is a much less sophisticated material than MDF. To produce denser, stronger panels, finer materials can also be crushed more firmly. There are many benefits to turning wood into a fibrous material. It has absolutely no grain. According to this, MDF is remarkably stable and unaffected by changes in humidity. Additionally, the finer material creates a uniform, flat, smooth surface that is the best base for wood veneer and plastic laminate. MDF may be worked like any other sort of wood product as long as carbide cutters are used. MDF is often not polished or stained spontaneously. It is typically painted, covered in wood veneer, or laminated with plastic. MDF accepts paint well. MDF looks good after applying primer and several coats of paint, unlike particleboard or plywood where the surface grain is obvious. Uses and Application Due to the high level of consistency across MDF, cut edges will be smooth and free of voids and splinters. Because the edges are smooth, decorative edges can be made with a router. MDF's uniformity and smoothness make it simple to cut intricate designs with a scroll saw, band saw, or jigsaw. These designs might include scrolled or scalloped designs. MDF has an extremely flat surface, which makes it a fantastic surface for painting. Advantage Store fixtures, office and residential furniture, paneling, doors, jambs, millwork, edge shaping and machining, embossing, laminate flooring, laminating and finishing, kitchen cabinets Market Outlook The MDF market in India has grown at a CAGR of 5-8 percent during the preceding five years, and it is estimated to be worth H35 billion. The Central Government's decision to refuse new permits for the manufacturing of plywood has increased the gap between supply and demand. This is a positive development for the MDF market since it will increase the adoption of engineered panel materials. The primary raw material used to create MDF and particle boards is wood. The FAO estimates that the Indian wood-based panel industry's demand for wood has increased at a CAGR of 5.5% over the past 10 years and will continue to grow at a CAGR of 5% through 2020. Wood prices have been continuously rising over the past 10 years as a result of growing demand from the wood and paper sectors as well as strict Central Government forest preservation rules. Rising wood prices could have an impact on the company's profitability because it has no long-term agreements for the supply of raw materials. The demand for pre-assembled furniture consisting of engineered panels like MDF is increasing due to rapid urbanization. Compared to the global average of 80%, MDF penetration in India is quite low at only 7% of the total wood substrate market. The entry of significant, specialized players to the market, growing uses, and expanding awareness have all contributed to the MDF sector's 20 percent CAGR growth over the preceding five years. Given the high cost of plywood and the rising demand for MDF, we predict that the MDF market will rise at a CAGR of 15-20% over the next few years. Industry Major Market Players: • Arauco (Chile) • Centuryply (India) • Daiken Corporation (Japan) • Duratex (Brazil) • Fantoni Spa (Italy) • Greenpanel (India) • M. Kaindl KG (Austria) • Roseburg Forest Products (U.S.) • Rushil Décor (India) • Swiss Krono Group (Switzerland) • Uniboard (Canada) • Unilin (Belgium) • VRG Dongwha (Vietnam) • West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. (Canada) • Weyerhaeuser (U.S.) • Kronospan (Switzerland) • Egger (Austria)
Plant capacity: 100 CBM per DayPlant & machinery: 18 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:31 Cr
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Manufacturing of Aluminum Ingots From Aluminum Scrap

Aluminum ingots are exceptionally large casting products in both size and shape when compared to blooms, billets, and slabs. Although an ingot's cross section is frequently rectangular or square, it need not remain the same all the way along the object's length. (The cross section of the ingot may change.) Aluminum alloy ingots like LM-2, LM-4, and LM-6, which are often used in gravity and sand casting, as well as pressure die casting alloys like LM-13, LM-14, and LM-24, ADC-12, and ALSI-132, are also made in accordance with Indian and international standards. 7 percent of the earth's crust is made up of aluminum, a thin, silver-white metallic element. It weighs almost a third less per cubic meter than steel (7480–8000 Kg/cubic meter) or copper (8930 Kg/cubic meter). Aluminum is malleable, ductile, and easy to cast, and it has good corrosion resistance and durability. When coupled with oxygen, it primarily exists as alumina and is mined as bauxite ore. India is home to around 10% of the world's bauxite reserves, which is used by a growing aluminum sector. The growth in domestic demand is expected to be between 8 and 10 percent. By 2020, India is expected to have installed aluminum production capacity of 1.7 to 2 million tones yearly. India produces about 3% of the aluminum manufactured worldwide. In India's largely centralized aluminum industry, there are just five main units. Uses • Sand and cold environments are suited for castings for maritime applications that require the highest level of corrosion protection. • Applied where ductility or corrosion resistance are required; appropriate for large, intricate, and thin-walled castings in all styles of molds. • Mainly used for castings in sand and cold conditions that need to be robust and shock-resistant. • Used in all applications, especially low pressure die casting that calls for LM 6's improved tensile strength following heat treatment. Useful primarily in applications requiring pistons and those with higher thermal stresses. • Requires specific foundry methods and heat treatment. This alloy is capable of withstanding greater loads and temperatures. It has strong wear resistance and machinability properties. • It is appropriate for use in moderately complex sand and chill castings where good mechanical properties are desired. Need thermal treatment. • Used primarily in pressure die casting. LM 6-like in appearance but tougher and easier to machine. • As a result of the smelting process, various grades of aluminum ingots are produced, which are then used to create castings for the electrical and automotive industries. Market Outlook It is anticipated that the annual increase in demand for aluminum will range between 4 and 6 percent. The demand for the metal is predicted to rise as conditions for user industries such as power, infrastructure, and transportation, which are all in motion, improve. By the end of 2019–20, demand is predicted to have increased from around 1.6 million units in 2013–14 to close to 2.4 million units, and then to over 3.4 million units by 2024–25. • It is anticipated that India's demand for aluminum will rise by 17–18% each year as the building, construction, transportation, and packaging sectors continue to grow. • From an anticipated 3.4 million tones in FY17, India's consumption of aluminum is predicted to rise to 5.3 million tons by 2020. • Aluminum is a key material used in the electrical industry's wide range of products, including the manufacture of aero planes and packaging. The two sectors of transportation and energy make for more than half of the total off take. India's primary consumer industries are power, transportation, durable goods, packaging, and construction. Power consumes the most of it, making up about 44% of the total, followed by infrastructure (17%) and transportation (6%). (3 percent). (Roughly 10 to 12 percent). Some of the main factors that are expected to continue to propel the growth of the global market include rapid industrialization in both developed and developing countries, an increase in construction and reconstruction activities worldwide, and widespread use of aluminum ingots in the construction sector for manufacturing windows, weatherproofing doors, screens, etc. An increasing focus on technological developments in the packaging industry and an increase in the usage of aluminum ingots in the manufacturing of cans and aluminum foil due to their light weight and simplicity of molding are two additional factors fueling the growth of the global market for aluminum ingots. Industry Major Market Players: • Aravali Infrapower Ltd. • Baheti Metal & Ferro Alloys Ltd. • Bothra Metals & Alloys Ltd. • Indo Alusys Inds. Ltd. • Namo Alloys Pvt. Ltd. • AlcoaInc • Rio Tinto Group • Aluminum Corporation of China • United Company RUSAL • Norsk Hydro • Dubai Aluminium Company • SPIC • BHP Billiton • Xinfa Group • China Zhongwang
Plant capacity: Aluminium Alloy Ingots:12 MT per day Aluminium Scrap:0.20 MT per dayPlant & machinery: 7 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:11 Cr
Return: 26.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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