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Adhesives and Sealants, Industrial Adhesives, Glues, Gums and Binders, Synthetic Resin, Resins (Guar Gum, Adhesive [Fevicol Type], Sodium Silicate Adhesive, Hot Melt Adhesives, Rubber Based Adhesive, Acrylic Adhesives, Guar Gum Powder, Gum Arabic)

Adhesives and Sealants

Adhesive may be used interchangeably with glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, and is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation. There are basically two types of adhesives: resin-based and gum-based. The main application areas of the product are furniture, construction, paints and stationery. In between the two types, there are various categories of adhesives sold in the market place. These include:

Natural adhesives:from inorganic mineral or biological sources such as vegetable matter, starch or dextrin, natural resins; animal skin, and bio-adhesives;

Synthetic adhesives:based on elastomers and thermosetting adhesives;

Drying adhesives:a mixture of ingredients (typically polymers) dissolved in a solvent with the solvent evaporating and the adhesive hardens;

Contact adhesives:applied to both surfaces and allowed some time to dry before the two surface are pushed together. Contact adhesives find use in laminates, such as bonding Formica to a wooden counter, and in footwear;

Hot adhesives:thermoplastic adhesives, also known as "hot melt" adhesives, applied hot and simply allowed to harden. These adhesives have become popular for crafts because of their ease of use and the wide range of common materials to which they can adhere;

Reactive adhesives:a reactive adhesive works either by chemical bonding with the surface material or by in-situ hardening as two reactant chemicals complete a polymerization reaction, usually applied in thin films;

Pressure sensitive adhesives:which form a bond by the application of light pressure to marry the adhesive with the adherant, designed with a balance between flow and resistance.

The market size of all types of adhesives is very large and growing. Of this, the premium products account for some 45%. Quantitatively, the overall market size is growing annually at 11%.

Over the last few years, the adhesive business has seen global players setting up new capacities in India. With customs duty nearing ASEAN levels, competition will further intensify from imports as well as the low cost local players.

Industrial adhesives are fluids or gels, which help in holding two surfaces together by sticking to both of them and preventing their joint movement. They include glues and adhesives.

The market for adhesives and sealants is comprised of thousands of end uses. The realm of market applications expands as new end uses keep developing, driven by the need for new and innovative attachment solutions. Adhesives and sealants market is expected to reach USD 18.79 billion by 2020. Positive demand outlook from key end use industries including automotive and construction, mainly in India, is expected to be a key driving force for the market over the next six years. The growth of the emerging markets has not only a positive impact on the volumes of adhesives and sealants consumed (especially in the construction and industrial sectors) but also on the level of technological demand.

Growing demand from packaging industry is expected to drive the market for waterborne adhesives. These are used in label applications, packaging tapes, office tapes, flexible laminations and food packaging as they offer improved chemical and heat resistance. Due to advantages waterborne adhesive it offers and non reactive nature they are proffered in food packaging applications. Further growing demand from automotive industry is expected to drive the market for waterborne adhesives. These are used in interior structures such as dashboards head linings and others. Automotive industry is driven by demand from middle class consumer groups from developing countries such as Brazil, India and China.

 

Gums and Resins

True gums are formed from the disintegration of internal plant tissues, mostly from the decomposition of cellulose in a process called gummosis.  Gums contain high amounts of sugar and are closely allied to the pectins. Gums are especially common in plants of dry regions.  They are used primarily as adhesives, and are also used in printing and finishing textiles, as a sizing for paper, in the paint and candy industries and as drugs. 

Resins are formed as oxidation products of various essential oils and are very complex and varied in chemical composition.  The resin is usually secreted in definite cavities or passages. Resins are also used in medicine; for sizing paper; as a stiffening material for mats; in the preparation of sealing wax, incense and perfumes; and for many other purposes as well.

Resins, gums and latex are almost ubiquitous in the plant kingdom and many of them continue to play an important role in our daily lives. Numerous plants produce some kind of resin, latex or gum, but only a few are commercially important today, even though their uses and applications are truly manifold. They have been used as adhesives, emulsifiers, thickening agents, they are added to varnishes, paints and ink; they lend their aromas to perfumes and cosmetics and even play a role in pharmacy and medicine.

 

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ADHESIVE (FEVICOL TYPE) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Fevicol type adhesive come under the category of Synthetic resins and latex adhesives are made from Polyvinyl acetate is thermoplastic, odourless, tasteless, non toxic, essentially clear and colorless resin. It has a non Crystalline and relatively branched rather than linear structure. Most grades of resin have somewhat broad molecular weight distribution. They do not melt but soften over a temperature range. The resin is unaffected by sunlight, ultraviolet light and air, further more it will absorb a small amount of water. Polyvinyl acetate is neutral and non-corrosive. The Various grades have good heat stability below 100ºC, show slight discoloration at approximately 150º and decompose at 50ºC show slight discoloration at approximately 150ºC but brittle at 10ºC to 15ºC. The adhesive industry is currently the most important outlet for polyvinyl acetate. Polyvinyl acetate came into widespread use in 1940’s as a synthetic resin substitute for hide glue. Adhesives are made in various types and may be synthetic or natural. The term synthetic adhesive means the adhesive which is prepared by using synthetic chemical such as synthetic resin. The manufacture of adhesive from synthetic resin is simple and can be started with very little investment. The most advantage to any type of adhesive as per market demand. Polyvinyl acetate is now used in adhesives for various applications such as Book binding, Paper bag, Milk Can, Drinking straws, Envelopes, Gummed Tapes, and Foils etc. The vinyl acetate adhesive is also used for lamination, combination of two or more plies of material into a now composite. The introduction of adhesives based on vinyl acetate has introduction of adhesives based on vinyl acetate is used for the manufacture of ploy vinyl acetate (PVA), Polyvinyl alcohol is being imported from countries like Germany, FRP, France, U.K, Netherlands, Japan, Hungary, Italy, U.S.A and Belgium. Synthetic adhesives Produced in India are mostly base on vinyl Acetate Monomers (V.A.M). VAM is used in from of its various derivatives like Polyvinyl Alcohol and Polyvinyl Acetate, Ethyl Vinyl Acetate etc. There is a very good scope in this sector and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 300 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 11 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 123 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 38.00%
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PRESSURE SENSTIVE ADHESIVE FOR BOPP TAPES (ACRYLIC BASED) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

A pressure-sensitive adhesive is a material that holds two surfaces together solely by surface contact, which is achieved by slight initial external pressure. These dry adhesives require no activation with water, solvent or heat, and firmly adhere to many dissimilar surfaces with minimal pressure. Aggressive and permanently tacky at room temperature, PSAs can be used for bonding materials such as plastic, paper, metal, glass, and wood. Pressure-sensitive adhesives offer numerous advantages. Application can be easily automated and usually requires no elaborate equipment. When used in assembly, PSAs save time compared to liquid adhesives because they don’t require any setup or long curing times. In addition, adhesion is immediate, allowing manufacturing procedures to continue uninterrupted, which results in significant time and labor savings. Pressure-sensitive adhesives eliminate the need for screws, rivets, clips or drilling holes, thus preventing cracks and corrosion and improving the integrity and appearance of the final product. PSAs also provide an insulating seal, as well as sound and vibration control. Pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA, self adhesive, self stick adhesive) is adhesive which forms a bond when pressure is applied to marry the adhesive with the adherend. No solvent, water, or heat is needed to activate the adhesive. It is used in pressure sensitive tapes, labels, note pads, automobile trim, and a wide variety of other products. As the name "pressure sensitive" indicates, the degree of bond is influenced by the amount of pressure which is used to apply the adhesive to the surface. The 2010 was a good year for BOPP film demand with volumes growing globally by 7%, the rate of new BOPP film lines coming on stream slowed notably as the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on investment decisions unwound. The recovery in demand though resulted in a boom in orders for new lines last year, which can be expected to lead to another surge in new capacities in 2011 and 2012 and further pressure on BOPP margins. China continues to lead the way in new capacity but a number of other regional hotspots are beginning to emerge in countries such as India and Russia. The new entrepreneurs entered in this field will be successful. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 300000 Kgs./Annum Acrylic Based P.S.A. BOPP Tapes Plant & Machinery : 67 Lakhs Total Capital Investment : 344 Lakhs Rate of Return : 43% Break Even Point : 37%
Plant capacity: 300000 Kgs./AnnumPlant & machinery: 67 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 344 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 3.00%
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PRESSURE SENSTIVE ADHESIVE FOR BOPP TAPES (ACRYLIC BASED) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

A pressure-sensitive adhesive is a material that holds two surfaces together solely by surface contact, which is achieved by slight initial external pressure. These dry adhesives require no activation with water, solvent or heat, and firmly adhere to many dissimilar surfaces with minimal pressure. Aggressive and permanently tacky at room temperature, PSAs can be used for bonding materials such as plastic, paper, metal, glass, and wood. Pressure-sensitive adhesives offer numerous advantages. Application can be easily automated and usually requires no elaborate equipment. When used in assembly, PSAs save time compared to liquid adhesives because they don’t require any setup or long curing times. In addition, adhesion is immediate, allowing manufacturing procedures to continue uninterrupted, which results in significant time and labor savings. Pressure-sensitive adhesives eliminate the need for screws, rivets, clips or drilling holes, thus preventing cracks and corrosion and improving the integrity and appearance of the final product. PSAs also provide an insulating seal, as well as sound and vibration control. Pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA, self adhesive, self stick adhesive) is adhesive which forms a bond when pressure is applied to marry the adhesive with the adherend. No solvent, water, or heat is needed to activate the adhesive. It is used in pressure sensitive tapes, labels, note pads, automobile trim, and a wide variety of other products. As the name "pressure sensitive" indicates, the degree of bond is influenced by the amount of pressure which is used to apply the adhesive to the surface. The 2010 was a good year for BOPP film demand with volumes growing globally by 7%, the rate of new BOPP film lines coming on stream slowed notably as the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on investment decisions unwound. The recovery in demand though resulted in a boom in orders for new lines last year, which can be expected to lead to another surge in new capacities in 2011 and 2012 and further pressure on BOPP margins. China continues to lead the way in new capacity but a number of other regional hotspots are beginning to emerge in countries such as India and Russia. The new entrepreneurs entered in this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 300000 Kgs./AnnumPlant & machinery: 67 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 344 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 37.00%
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ABS RESIN - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

PRODUCT PROFILE Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene resins (ABS) are the largest-volume engineering thermoplastic resin. It is a copolymer made by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. ABS is a bridge between commodity plastics like polystyrene and higher-performance engineering thermoplastics like polycarbonate. ABS resins are composed mainly of styrene and varying amounts of butadiene and acrylonitrile. The styrene base provides rigidity and ease of processability, and acrylonitrile offers chemical resistance and heat stability. The butadiene portion of ABS supplies toughness and impact strength. The composition of ABS resins can vary widely, allowing the production of many different grades, which can thus be tailored for different end-use applications. The electronics industry is the growing outlet for ABS, where it is used for business machines, computers, radios, televisions and telephone handsets. Product characteristics Chemical name : Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene resins Chemical formula : (C8H8)x• (C4H6)y•(C3H3N)z) . Melting point : 105 °C (221 °F) APPLICATIONS OF ABS Resin:- ABS resins are consumed mainly in the appliances and electrical/electronic industries. Large volume applications for ABS resins include appliance parts and automotive/transportation uses. Approximately 60% of the total world consumption of ABS resins was for these two markets. The next-largest end use is in the transportation sector (primarily automobiles). In these markets, ABS competes with specialty thermoplastics such as polycarbonates, as well as with commodity polymers such as polyvinyl chloride and polypropylene resins. ABS resins are frequently used in polymer blends for many differing applications. ABSs light weight and ability to be injection molded and extruded make it useful in manufacturing products such as drain-waste-vent (DWV) pipe systems, musical instruments (recorders, plastic clarinets, and piano movements), golf club heads (due to its good shock absorbance), automotive trim components, automotive bumper bars, enclosures for electrical and electronic assemblies, protective headgear, whitewater canoes, buffer edging for furniture and joinery panels, luggage and protective carrying cases, small kitchen appliances, and toys, including Lego bricks. ABS plastic ground down to an average diameter of less than 1 micrometer is used as the colorant in some tattoo inks. ABS is also commonly used in rapid prototyping extrusion-based 3D printers. Its glass transition temperature makes it a material of choice for rapid prototyping relatively high as to reduce unwanted deformation at slightly elevated temperatures but low enough to be safely attainable with standard extrusion setups. GLOBAL SCENARIO: World consumption of ABS is projected to grow at an average annual rate of about 4.0%, with rates of 5–5.5% in China, India and Oceania; 4.0–4.7% in the Middle East, Central and Eastern Europe, and Africa; and 3.2–3.9% in Indonesia, Mexico, Thailand, Malaysia, and Central and South America. Indian demand of ABS resin in 2010-2011 is estimated around 120,000 tons per annum. Growth rate in demand through 2020 is estimated to be 9% per annum. Global capacity will increase 4% per year through 2012, to 9.8 million tons per annum. The market has diverged into a general purpose sector, where cost and productivity are the most important factors and engineering plastics sector is driving most of the industry's growth.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Resin for Nail Polish (Polycondensation Resin (Polyester, Alkyds), Epoxy Tosylamide Resin, Solvent Based Acrylic Resin) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process

Profile Resins are translucent and viscous film forming material widely used for production of paints and coatings. It binds the pigment particles to the substrate, forming a layer of film on the surface. The quality of the resin used in production of paints and coating decides the durability of the paint. Resins with different compositions are used depending upon the functional properties of the paint. Common nail polish ingredients include film forming agents such as nitrocellulose, resins, and plasticizers, such as castor oil, and coloring agents such as soluble dye and pigments. Resins and plasticizers give the nail polish a degree of flexibility. This flexibility allows the consumer to apply the nail polish with the brush without the polish drying too quickly or forming unevenly on the nail. These nail polish ingredients also help the nail polish last longer after being applied to the nail. Resins form a hard shell that is resistant to soap and water, keeping the color on the nail longer. Manufactures use a mix of amyl and butyl stearate, castor oil, acids, and glycerol as resins and plasticizers. Functions of Resin • To provide gloss and elasticity • For the suspension of pigments • To provide resistance to water, chemicals and abrasion • Makes coating adhere to the surface • Acts as a dispersant • For drying properties Properties • Resins are translucent and viscous film forming material widely used for production of paints and coatings. • It binds the pigment particles to the substrate, forming a layer of film on the surface. The quality of the resin used in production of paints and coating decides the durability of the paint. Resins with different compositions are used depending upon the functional properties of the paint. • Synthetic resins are materials with similar properties to natural resins viscous liquids capable of hardening. They are typically manufactured by esterification or soaping of organic compounds. • The classic variety is epoxy resin, manufactured through polymerization polycondensation reactions, used as a thermoset polymer for Nail polish. • Epoxy resin is two times stronger than concrete, seamless and waterproof. Manufacturing of Nail Polish The modern manufacturing process is a very sophisticated operation utilizing highly skilled workers, advanced machinery, and even robotics. Todays consumers expect a nail polish to apply smoothly, evenly, and easily; to set relatively quickly; and to be resistant to chipping and peeling. In addition, the polish should be dermatologically innocuous. Mixing the pigment with nitrocellulose and plasticizer: • The pigments are mixed with nitrocellulose and plasticizer using a two-roll differential speed mill. This mill grinds the pigment between a pair of rollers that are able to work with increasing speed as the pigment is ground down. The goal is to produce fine dispersion of the color. • When properly and fully milled, the mixture is removed from the mill in sheet form and then broken up into small chips for mixing with the solvent. The mixing is performed in stainless steel kettles that can hold anywhere from 5 to 2,000 gallons. Stainless steel must be used because the nitrocellulose is extremely reactive in the presence of iron. The kettles are jacketed so that the mixture can be cooled by circulating cold water or another liquid around the outside of the kettle. The temperature of the kettle, and the rate of cooling, is controlled by both computers and technicians. • This step is performed in a special room or area designed to control the hazards of fire and explosion. Most modern factories perform this step in an area with walls that will close in if an alarm sounds and, in the event of explosion, with ceilings that will safely blow off without endangering the rest of the structure. • Materials are mixed in computerized, closed kettles. At the end of the process, the mix is cooled slightly before the addition of such other materials as perfumes and moisturizers. • The mixture is then pumped into smaller, 55 gallon drums, and then trucked to a production line. The finished nail polish is pumped into explosion proof pumps, and then into smaller bottles suitable for the retail market.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/dayPlant & machinery: 178 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1318 Lakhs
Return: 50.00%Break even: 31.00%
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Polymer Modified Cementitious Tile Adhesives - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Profile Polymer modified adhesives are widely accepted in the industry and often referred to as thin-set mortars. The blended polymers interact with cement components to improve the physical and mechanical properties such as increased adhesion, reduced shrinkage and lower water absorption. The polymer modified adhesives are commonly available in two types. One comes with powdered polymer as premix. Hence, during the application, only water is required to be added to make a bed. Polymer modification of adhesives and grouts offers improvements including easier handling, increased tensile and flexural strength, enhanced adhesive characteristics, improved water resistance and greater durability. A key benefit is increased water resistance. The advantages are easier maintenance, increased durability and greater resistance to the potential damage from freezing and thawing cycles. Properties White Cement Based Cementitious Tile Adhesive: Appearance - Powder Composition - Cement, siliceous sand and additives Colour - Grey or White Density - 1.55 kg/lit ± 0.05 Application Following are some of the applications and advantages of polymer modifies cementitious tile adhesives: • Decorative Overlays: Wall coatings and textured building finishes (polymer-modified stucco). • Adhesion, tensile and flexural strength, exterior durability; toughness test of modified and unmodified mortar patches; Mortar Patches are feathered down to blend in with original substrate. • Flooring and Pavements: Can be used in mortar or heavy use concrete industrial/commercial flooring overlay formulations. Warehouses, factories, hospitals, stairways, garages, railway platforms, airport runways, etc. • Waterproofing: Basements, bulk water storage tanks, septic tanks, ship decks, roof decks, and concrete walls. Market Potential A cement based adhesive must be used for exterior work. Whilst standard cement based tile adhesives are suitable for exterior use, highly polymer-modified adhesives offer enhanced bond strength, reduced porosity and therefore better resistance to frost & greater resistance to movement (thermally induced movement is inevitable particularly for walls). The present market size of the construction chemicals industry in India is about 1,700 crore and is rapidly growing at the rate of around 20 per cent per annum. The demand for construction chemicals is dependent on the construction industry.
Plant capacity: White Cement Tile Adhesive – 1500 MT/Annum,Ordinary Portland Cement Tile Adhesive – 1500 MT/Annum Plant & machinery: 106 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 420 Lakh
Return: 44.00%Break even: 55.00%
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Adhesives Neoprene Based Rubber Adhesive for Footwear, Polyurethane Based Adhesive for Footwear Epoxy Two Part (Resin & Hardener) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey

Profile Synthetic rubber adhesive is such adhesive, which is produced synthetically by using synthetic rubber as basic raw material with other chemicals in the weight basis as proportionately. Polychloroprenes is the basis for one of the largest and most important groups of rubber adhesives. Neoprene polychloroprene is an extremely versatile synthetic rubber with more than 75 years of proven performance in a broad industry spectrum. It was originally developed as an oil resistant substitute for natural rubber. There are basically two types of adhesives: resin based and gum-based. The main application areas of the product are furniture, construction, paints and stationery. A Balanced Combination of Properties: • Resists degradation from sun, ozone and weather • Performs well in contact with oils and many chemicals • Remains useful over a wide temperature range • Displays outstanding physical toughness • Resists burning inherently better than exclusively hydrocarbon rubbers • Outstanding resistance to damage caused by flexing and twisting Application Polychloroprene adhesives enjoy a pre eminent position as an elastomeric binder at the expense of other less costly materials, e.g. natural rubber and SBR, primarily because of early bond strength development, bonding range, high ultimate strength and creep resistance, adhesion to many surfaces, durability, flexibility, chemical resistance, and resistance burning. Four important applications for polychloroprene contact adhesive are bonding of high pressure plastic laminates, automotive adhesives, shoe adhesive and adhesives for construction industry. Shoes have long been a major consumer of these adhesives, particularly for the permanent attaching shoe soles. The original adhesives for the soles attaching were based on nitrocellulose, but polychloroprene’s rapid development of bond strength has since allowed it to dominate this field. Neoprene cement glue is used to bond leather, crepe, rubber, thermal plastic rubber, polyurethane, wood and plywood, paper, and thermal plastic polyurethane. Since shoes come in a variety of materials, this all-purpose glue is ideal. It is often used in shoe repair because of its strong bonding capability, fast drying time and non-corrosion on the gluing surface. This glue works best for repair of rubber soles but is also used for other shoe materials. Market The global adhesives and sealants market is driven by many factors such as its broad spectrum of applications in different industries. The market size has also increased due to the growing demand for adhesives and sealants in Asia Pacific. The ever increasing need for high standard performance across all modern applications is driving the growth of adhesives and sealants. On account of new technological developments, more niche applications for adhesives and sealants are being explored for meeting consumer’s demand, this has also presented new opportunities to manufacturers and also helped in increasing the penetration of adhesives and sealants in new applications.
Plant capacity: 3 MT/day Plant & machinery: 92 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 597 Lakh
Return: 47.00%Break even: 35.00%
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FLORAL FOAM (PHENOLIC FOAM) WITH RESIN MANUFACTURING - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Floral Foam is the plastic spongy material that florists use to put their many beautiful flower designs in place. It has effectively replaced the conventional way of arranging flowers which entailed utilizing wet newspaper, twigs, chicken wire and pin holders. Using floral foams not only helps in keeping the artistic designs in place, but they also make your flowers last longer. Floral foams have become a permanent staple in the art of flower arrangement. By providing trouble free support for flowers, many designs have been made achievable, giving flower arranging artists more room to come up with every design that they can imagine. Made of phenol material, floral foams are used as a base for mostly every conceivable design. It also holds water of about forty times it weight, making flowers survive approximately seven to ten days after being stemmed or cut from the plant. Because of its rising demand in the floristry industry, it easily arrange flowers into elaborate bouquets, wreaths, in vases, and for table top arrangements. There are many designs that you can learn to do or create with the help of floral foams. It is to know what kind of foam to use for the floral design. Using it appropriately will also help make your flowers last longer especially if you’re using fresh ones. It would also help to soak your floral foams and to replenish the water supply regularly. You would need to use the right supplementary materials to keep your arrangements in place by using frames, florist wires, frogs and floral tapes that will secure the flowers into place. • Wet foam • Dry foam • Color foam Floral Foam has also progressed into an assortment of designs, shapes, and sizes. Basically there are two types that can be found in shops. There are wet floral foams that are used for fresh flowers and dry floral foams for used for artificial or dried flower arrangements. Dozens of forms and sizes for floral foams have been made available. Floral foams can be bought shaped as bricks, cylinders, spheres, cones, posy pads, designer rings, square bases and cubes to name a few. Floral foam is versatile, easy to use and inexpensive. No wonder it is a florist's favorite. Use floral foam when you make your own wedding flowers. You'll see how nice it is to work with. Commercial floriculture is as beneficiary of the policy of crop diversification in agriculture. The growth in this segment is reflected in rising domestic demand for flower and floral exports. Commercial floriculture is increasingly being considered a high remunerative economic activity by small and large farmers across the country and if the sector gets organized, there could be a massive Rs. 10,000 crore business opportunity.
Plant capacity: 3000000 Pieces/dayPlant & machinery: 76 lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 302 lakh
Return: 43.00%Break even: 52.00%
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Lamination cum Bottle Labeling Adhesives & Wood Adhesive Starch Based (Tapioca or Maize) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials

Adhesives are designed for specific applications, leading to thousands of products. Understanding how an adhesive works is difficult since adhesive performance is not one science of its own, but the combination of many sciences. Adhesive strength is defined mechanically as the force necessary to pull apart the substrates that are bonded together. Understanding the performance of a bonded assembly of adhesives requires knowledge of both chemistry and mechanics. Often the strength of a bonded assembly is discussed in terms of adhesion. Adhesion is the strength of the molecular layer of adhesive that is in contact with the surface layer of the substrate, such as wood. Some laminated structures will have a fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) layer bonded to the wood; therefore, it is important to understand how the bonding to the FRP may be different from bonding to wood. Other applications could involve the bonding of wood to concrete or metal. One type of lignocellulosic material that is hard to bond to is wheat straw because it has a nonpolar waxy surface that makes it hard for the adhesive to wet and penetrate to the cellular structure. Uses and Applications There are basically two types of adhesives: resin-based and gum-based. The main application areas of the product are furniture, construction, paints and stationery. The furniture end use is also sometimes referred to as a broader “wood working” category. Water-based adhesives are used for paper and film overlays, doors, high-pressure laminates, and general assembly. Water-based furniture-adhesive technologies include emulsions, contact cements, polyurethanes and natural products. Other end uses for water-based adhesives include consumer, automotive, bookbinding, footwear, foam fabrication and rubber-to-metal bonding. White and wood glues are larger-volume consumer adhesives. Glue sticks are a small-volume consumer application that is not thought of as being water-based, however about one-half of their formulation consists of water. Packaging and furniture are the leading applications for PVAC adhesives, combining for two-thirds of the weight. About 60% of the water-based adhesive is used in labels and decals where a 6% annual rate of increase is forecast. Tapes took 23% of the water-based adhesives, mostly to coat polypropylene tapes. A more modest 3% growth rate is forecast for tapes. Market Survey Over the last few years, the adhesive business has seen global players setting up new capacities in India. With customs duty nearing ASEAN levels, competition will further intensify from imports as well as the low cost local players. Strong construction activity in recent years has boosted consumption of flooring adhesives, nearly all of which are water-based. Other larger formulated water-based construction-adhesive applications include glass insulation, and paper and vinyl wall coverings. Water-based technology is well established, comprising nearly three-quarters of the volume and almost one-half of the dollars. The technology is entrenched in all of the leading adhesive end-use markets. Volume growth through 2013 is forecast at a mature 4% annual rate, although the robust U.S. economy has contributed to higher rates in recent years. As opposed to other industries, such as coatings and inks, most of the adhesives industry is already environmentally compliant. Adhesive is the second-largest industry for water-based technology in dollar value, trailing only the coatings industry ($7.5 billion sales). In dry poundage, adhesive use exceeds that of the coatings industry (4.2 billion pound) and trails only paper coatings (8.1 billion pound). Water-based technology is already a large percentage of the adhesives industry and is forecast to match industry growth. Few Major Players are as under:- Advanced Adhesives Ltd. Anabond Ltd. Arofine Polymers Ltd. C I C O Technologies Ltd. Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. D I C India Ltd. F C L Technologies & Products Ltd. [Merged] Feroke Boards Ltd. [Merged] Henkel C A C Pvt. Ltd. India Tyre & Rubber Co. (India) Ltd. Jesons Industries Ltd. Jyoti Resins & Adhesives Ltd. Konar Organics Ltd. Leela Packagings Ltd. Mica House Ltd. N G Adhesive Industries Pvt. Ltd. Nikhil Adhesives Ltd. Pidilite Industries Ltd. S R Continental Ltd. Uflex Ltd.
Plant capacity: Lamination Adhesives: 1 MT/Day, Bottle Labeling Adhesives: 1 MT/Day, Wood Adhesives: 1MT/Day Plant & machinery: Rs.37 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost Of Project : Rs.232 Lakhs
Return: 26.00%Break even: 49.00%
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PVA Adhesive (Fevicol Type) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Fevicol type adhesives come under the category of synthetic resins and latex adhesives are made from polyvinyl acetate is a thermoplastic, odourless, tasteless, non-toxic, essentially clear and colourless resin. . It has a non-crystalline and relatively branched rather than linear structure. Most grades of resin have a somewhat broad molecular weight distribution. They do not melt, but soften over a temperature range. The resin is unaffected by sunlight, ultraviolet light and air, furthermore it will absorb a small amount of water. Polyvinyl acetate is neutral and non-corrosive. Because of their relatively low cost, ready availability, wide compatibility and excellent adhesive characteristics, many polyvinyl acetate resins, solutions and emulsions are treated as commodity items by the adhesives industry. Although loosely referred to as an emulsion, the product is not a liquid/liquid system, but mainly an aqueous dispersion of swollen solid particles. Uses and Applications A synthetic resin substitute for hide glue is called polyvinyl acetate. These adhesives are adaptable to high speed machinery in paper conversion and packaging fields and find place as wood adhesives Polyvinyl acetate is now used in adhesives for various application including the following :-book binding, paper bags, drinking straws, envelopes, gummed tapes, folding boxes, multi - wall shipping bags, labels, film and paper boards, foils decals, cigarette tips, wood assembly, padding automobile, upholstery, pencils, leather binding, tile cements etc. The vinyl acetate adhesive is also used for lamination; combination of two or more plies of material into a new composite. Market Survey Strong construction activity in recent years has boosted consumption of flooring adhesives, nearly all of which are water-based. Other larger formulated water-based construction-adhesive applications include glass insulation, and paper and vinyl wall coverings. Cementitious polymer additives are 13% of the construction-adhesive volume. These polymer products serve to modify the physical, bonding and application properties of cement-based products. Exterior-insulating and finish systems (EIFS), ceramic-tile mortars and grouts, flooring underlayments, concrete-repair products, and bridge decks are outlets. Applications where water-based adhesives are classified as binders are wallboard-joint compounds and cellulose-insulation products. Both applications are mature. Packaging is the third-largest end use in both volume and dollars, capturing 10% of the weight and 17% of the value. Water-based technology dominates in packaging, and a sluggish 1% annual rate of growth is forecast. Growing substitution of plastic packaging, which uses no adhesives, and the slight trend to hot melts, are negative growth factors for water-based adhesives. The manufacture of adhesive from synthetic resin is simple and can be started with a very little investment. The most advantageous factor in this plant is that it can be switched over to any type of adhesive as per market demand. Few Major Players are as under:- Advanced Adhesives Ltd. Anabond Ltd. Arofine Polymers Ltd. C I C O Technologies Ltd. Century Plyboards (India) Ltd. D I C India Ltd. F C L Technologies & Products Ltd. Feroke Boards Ltd. Henkel C A C Pvt. Ltd. India Tyre & Rubber Co. (India) Ltd. Jesons Industries Ltd. Jyoti Resins & Adhesives Ltd. Konar Organics Ltd. Leela Packagings Ltd. Mica House Ltd. N G Adhesive Industries Pvt. Ltd. Nikhil Adhesives Ltd. Pidilite Industries Ltd. S R Continental Ltd. Uflex Ltd.
Plant capacity: 1 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 20 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost Of Project : Rs.82 Lakhs
Return: 31.00%Break even: 57.00%
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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