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Production Of Ferrochrome

Chromium and iron are combined to create the alloy ferrochrome, which is further strengthened and made more malleable by the addition of trace amounts of carbon and other metals. Ferrochrome is used in a variety of various industries, including aerospace, automotive, and others that require the hardest possible tools. Therefore, it is not unexpected that ferrochrome is essential in the production of stainless steel, one of the most bendable things ever made. Since the argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) method was made available for commercial use, it has also been viable to make ferrochrome from lower-grade chromite ores that can be found in places like South Africa, India, and Finland. These ores typically have Cr/Fe ratios between 1.5 and 1.6 and produce ferrochrome with chromium contents between 50% and 55% (and more recently even below 50%) and carbon contents typically between 6% and 8%. Charge chrome, the general name for the ferrochrome made from these ores, is frequently used to refer to high carbon ferrochrome as a whole. Chromium serves as a significant alloying ingredient in ferrochrome. Many different steels have chromium as a component. It enhances the steel's hardenability and hardness and makes it self-hardening. High chromium steels (Cr > 12%) with low carbon content are resistant to corrosion. Chromium increases the abrasion and wear resistance with high carbon concentration. Additionally, chromium makes things stronger at high temperatures. Because of these beneficial contributions, ferrochrome is widely used in the steel industry. Uses and Application Between 50% and 70% of the alloy Ferrochrome’s composition is chromium. The main use of ferrochrome is in the manufacture of steel, where it is used to create a variety of unique steels. In addition, there are numerous applications for ferrochrome in the creation of non-ferrous alloys. The use of high carbon ferrochrome for adding chromium to steel with significantly better process economics was established with the introduction of AOD and VOD technologies. However, with the global standardised of these technologies, it was demonstrated that lesser grades, with even less than 50% chromium content, may be effectively employed in the manufacturing of stainless steels and other special alloy steels, in addition to the usage of high carbon ferrochrome. As a result, charge chrome emerged as the most established and affordable method of adding chromium to steels. In response to the diminishing resources of high Cr/Fe ratio lumpy chromite ore, charge chrome was approved as a viable alloy for the manufacturing of stainless steel since the production process allows the use of lower-grade chromite ore. Stainless steel is generally made using high carbon ferrochrome. The manufacturing of stainless steel utilises high carbon ferrochrome to a greater than 90% degree (International Chromium Development Association [ICDA], 2011). The production of special steels uses the bulk of the remaining amount (including high chromium steels). Indian Market The market for ferrochrome is anticipated to reach an estimated value of USD 24.45 billion and expand at a CAGR of 4.70% from 2020 to 2027. Growing stainless steel manufacturing is a significant element propelling the ferrochrome market's rapid expansion. In the upcoming years, ferrochrome sales in India are anticipated to increase dramatically. This is a result of the nation's rising need for stainless steel. India is a desirable location for ferrochrome producers due to its plentiful raw resources and relatively low manufacturing costs. As a result, we should soon witness increased investment in the Indian ferrochrome market. In addition to expanding industrialization in emerging nations and rising population as primary factors driving the coating additives market, increasing demand for stainless steel from the building, transportation, and metallurgical industries is a key factor accelerating market growth. Additionally, in the years 2020 to 2027, growing manufacturing activities and rising foreign investments will further open up new chances for the ferrochrome market. Industry Major Market Players: 1. Merafe resources limited 2. Ferro alloys corporation limited 3. Hernic ferrochrome (pty) ltd 4. Shanxi jiang county minmetal co., ltd. 5. Samancor chrome limited 6. Eurasian resources group 7. International Ferro metals ltd. 8. Tata steel 9. Imfa 10. Mintal group
Plant capacity: Ferrochrome:135 MT Per DayPlant & machinery: 269 Cr
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:404 Cr.
Return: 10.00%Break even: 46.00%
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