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Decortication & Packing Of Peanut Project Report

You've probably heard the term Decortication and Packing of Peanuts if you work in the food industry, especially if you deal with peanuts. Simply said, it entails removing the peanut's outer skin and packing it before shipping or selling it to clients. What does it mean to decorticate peanuts, though? What does it mean to "decorticate"? The skins of peanuts are removed before they are hulled. After that, they're roasted. The bacteria that live naturally on peanut shells are killed during roasting, preventing the oils from becoming rancid. Peanuts are shelled again after roasting to eliminate any leftover shell particles. This procedure also removes any small shell fragments that were missed during the decortication procedure (this can happen if a peanut gets slightly crushed during shelling). Finally, the decorated nuts are ground into a fine powder that can be used in goods such as peanut butter and protein powders. Groundnuts, often known as peanuts, are a high-value commodity that can be sold raw or processed into a variety of goods. The oil can be used to cook with, as a shortening, or as a foundation for confections. It can also be used to make peanut butter. Peanut or groundnut, Arachishypogaea, is a legume or "bean" species. The peanut was most likely domesticated and grown in Paraguay's lowlands. It's an annual herbaceous plant that reaches a height of 30 to 50 cm (1.0 to 1.6 feet). Each leaflet is between 1 and 7 centimetres in length and 1 to 3 centimetres in width. The leaves are opposite, pinnate, and pinnate with four leaflets (two opposing pairs; no terminal leaflet). Peanuts are also known as earthnuts, ground nuts, goober peas, monkey nuts, pygmy nuts, and pig nuts. Despite its name and look, the peanut is a legume, not a nut. The world's second-largest producer of groundnuts is India. There are three types of Indian groundnuts: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish, and Red Natal. The most widely planted groundnut cultivars in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber, GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1, T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber, and others. The peanut processing process includes the procurement, storage, shelling, grading, and shipment of raw peanuts. The peanut shelling industry is dedicated to food safety and quality across the supply chain. The ability of regulatory agencies and industry to work together to improve food safety and quality using the latest research is critical to the peanut shelling sector's overall effectiveness in delivering safe, nutritious products to customers. Effective agricultural practises and the use of extension research affect the farmer's net profit. High oleic types pose a unique market difficulty; while most manufacturers see this as a way to extend shelf life and freshness, it puts the producer and sheller in a bind. This device is used to extract groundnut seeds from their pods. Groundnut decortication can be accomplished using a variety of tools, each with varying degrees of complexity. The following are the functions of a conventional groundnut decorticator: • Separate the seed from the seed-pod combination after cracking the groundnut and feed it in a controlled manner. Traditionally, peanuts have been stored in bags and handled by hand without being adequately cleaned or dried. The handling and storage of peanuts has been made easier thanks to technological advancements. The peanuts are now adequately processed and stored in godowns or silos before being transported by conveying machines. To move the goods, bucket elevators, belts, auger or screw conveyors, pneumatic conveyors, and other handling systems are available. Other downstream machines handle the final packing, which is determined by the customer's requirements. The package that reaches the market is the final version. It preserves and protects the natural occurrence of peanuts by using the appropriate packing material. The client required that the bag's storage capacity be 50 kg. Consumption has increased at a 2.53% yearly rate, with additional growth predicted between 2019 and 2024. The protein content of groundnut seeds is significant, and they contain edible oil (43-55 percent) (25-28 percent). China and India are the world's top peanut consumers and exporters, accounting for over 36% of global consumption. Many other nations provide considerable opportunities for exporters due to differences in client consumption patterns, as demand for plant-based protein over meat-based protein grows. Peanuts are projected to become an important source of unsaturated fats, fibre, protein, vitamins, and minerals as people grow more interested in healthy eating. Peanuts are the most widely used crop in the food industry, appearing in a wide variety of products. From 2021 to 2026, the peanut market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.5 percent. Peanut markets are ideal for producing a variety of peanut oils, dry roasted peanuts, and snacks for direct or indirect consumption. Groundnuts are a great source of proteins, lipids, energy, and minerals that are extensively grown as a staple crop in tropical and sub-tropical developing countries. Groundnuts are grown and consumed mostly in developing countries. Exports only account for around 6% of global output. Instead of being exported, the majority of edible groundnuts are grown for home consumption. Groundnut types best suited to specialised export market applications, such as the production of roasted, salted, or coated nuts, snacks, chocolate-based goods, or peanut butter, are not widely farmed. Key Players: • Jalaram Agriexports Ltd. • Mehek Overseas Ltd. • Moolchand Exports Ltd. • Olam Agro India Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: Peanuts (50 Kgs each Bag): 400 Bags Per DayPlant & machinery: 30 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: 534 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 53.00%
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