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Rice Milling Unit - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the leading food crops of the world, and is produced in all the continents. Rice was an important food even before the dawn of written history. One centre of origin of cultivated rice is thought to have been in South east Asia. That is in eastern India. Indo- China and Southern China, Another probably was in Africa. Rice is one of the most important food grains. It is used in almost all homes as eatables. It has good filling capacity as a food grains. Rice is one of the leading food crops of the world. However, a comparatively small amount of rice moves in world because a high percentage of the world rice crop is consumed in the countries where it is produced. Human civilization has depended upon cereals from its dawn. Rice is the principal cereal group grown in warm humid areas of subtropical region mainly Pakistan, India, Burma, Indo China, Japan etc. Maize is an important cereal grown in America, South Africa, Argentina, Brazil USSR & China. Rice is generally considered to be a tropical crop. It is, however, an important crop in subtropical and temperature zones. Rice is in fact the principal cereal food in Asia and in some countries in Africa and Latin America and is used as food in all countries in the world. In many Asian countries, the average individual gets half or more of his total calorific intake from rice. The "Soutellum" divide the "Endosperm" which is the main starchy portion of the grain, from the "ambary" or germ". The purposes of rice milling are to separate the husk (shelling) and the outer bran forms the kernel. The crop area and production of rice in the world are second only to wheat. The world Rice Crop area is only about 58% as much as that for wheat. Over 95% of the world production of rice is used for human food. The production in India (about 40 million tonnes) forms about 40 percent of total production of all food grains. There are a number of big rice plates in India apart from about 60,000 small rice mills of less than 2 tonnes per hour capacity. However, there is still a scope for setting up mini rice plant in various parts of India with a view to meet the local demand and providing employment to local people. Brown rice has a greater food value than white, Because the outer coating of brown rice contains added minerals and protein, As a food rice is low in fat and (compared with other cereal grains) in protein. Brown rice is considered to hold greater food value than its white grain counterpart. Brown rice does not get milled, thereby keeping its darker color. Like white rice, brown rice has its husks removed during the cultivation process. Brown rice contains 8-percent protein and is a good source of thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, iron and calcium. Traditionally, brown rice is the least favorite of all the rice’s. The Rice milling is the process that helps in removal of hulls and bran’s from paddy grains to produce polished rice. Rice is rich in genetic diversity with thousands of varieties grown throughout the world. Rice has been one of man's most important foods. Today, this unique grain helps sustain two-thirds of the world's population. It is life for thousands of millions of people. It is deeply embedded in the cultural heritage of their societies. About four-fifths of the world's rice are produced by small-scale farmers and are consumed locally. Thus rice milling is the process of removing husk and part of bran from paddy in order to produce edible rice. Husk which is woody is not edible and must be first removed. A part of the bran (including germ) also should be remove to make the rice easy to cook and digest. USES AND APPLICATION All of the Principal cereal crops are used for food. Rice, wheat and Rye are used primarily as human food. Maize, sorghum, and Millet are important foods in some countries but are generally considered to be feed crops. Barley and oats have important uses for human food and beverages but most of the production is used for feed. Rice is used mainly as food in the form of whole milled grain cooked in water. It may also be used as flour, or in broken form. Rice is a fairly high cost commodity which limits its use in industrial products. However, rice milling by products have many uses. Since hulls or husks make up about 20% of the rough rice as it is received at the mill, considerable effort has been made to find uses for them. At one time most of the hulls were used as a fuel in the steam plants which provided power for rice mills but this is no longer a common practice. At present time hulls are used primarily in feeds, as an adjunct to prevent caking in fertilizers, for mixing with small seeded forage plants for reseeding ranges, for animal and poultry bedding, and as loose insulating material in walls of building and cold storage facilities. Finely ground hulls are also suitable for use in phenolic resins and in phenol formaldehyde plywood glues. Rice hulls are seldom used for the production of methyl alcohol, acetic acid, and other products because cheaper sources are available. They are not suitable for making paper or rayon pulps because of their short fibers and relatively low alpha – cellulose content etc. MARKET SURVEY Rice is one of the most important food crops of India in term of both area, production and consumer preference. India is the second largest producer and consumer of rice in the world. Rice production in India crossed the mark of 100 million MTnes in 2011-12 accounting for 22.81% of global production in that year. The productivity of rice has increased from 1984 kg per hectare in 2004-05 to 2372 kg per hectare in 2011-12. Indian share in global rice production has been hovering in the range of 19.50 to 24.52 % .Indian share dipped below 20 percent only in 2009-10. Production of rice in India is expected to drop this year from 104.3 million MT to 101.80 million MT (including 11.11 million MT rabi production) due to lower kharif output pegged at almost 90.69 million MT. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS A V I Export (India) Ltd. Agrawal Oil Extractions Ltd. Ambalica Enterprises Ltd. Ankit India Ltd. Arvind Kumar Nand Kumar Ltd. B C L Industries & Infrastructures Ltd. B G H Exim Ltd. Cargill India Pvt. Ltd. Chaman Lal Setia Exports Ltd. Daawat Foods Ltd. Dolphin International Ltd. Doon Valley Rice Ltd. Emmsons International Ltd. G R M Overseas Ltd. Goel International Pvt. Ltd. Graintec India Ltd. Jagdamba Foods Ltd. K J International Ltd. K R B L Ltd. Kohinoor Foods Ltd. L T Foods Ltd. Lakshmi Energy & Foods Ltd. M K International Ltd. Mega (India) Ltd. Modern Flour Mills Ltd. Navjivan Roller Flour & Pulse Mills Pvt. Ltd. Olam Exports (India) Ltd. Oswal Agro Furane Ltd. P K S Ltd. Padam Cotton Yarns Ltd. Petro Plast Industries Ltd. Punjab Basmati Rice Ltd. Punjab Greenfield Resources Ltd. R T Exports Ltd. Rameswarlal & Co. Ltd. Rashel Agrotech Ltd. Rei Agro Ltd. S K Roller Flour Mills Ltd. S S A International Ltd. Sachdeva & Sons Inds. Pvt. Ltd. Sachdeva & Sons Rice Mills Ltd. Shakti Bhog Foods Ltd. Shakti Bhog Snacks Ltd. Shree Giriraj Inds. Ltd. Shree Gobind Udyog Ltd. Shree Gopal Vanaspati Ltd. Shree Sanmati Rice Ltd. Shri Lal Mahal Ltd. Shri Lal Mahal Overseas Ltd. Shri Vardhman Overseas Ltd. Shri Vishnu Eatables (India) Ltd. Sri Ramalinga Choodambikai Mills Ltd. Sudarshan Overseas Ltd. Sun Agro Foods & Exports Ltd. Sunstar Overseas Ltd. Thapar Agro Mills Ltd. Unified Agro Inds. (India) Ltd. Usher Agro Ltd. Ushodaya Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. Victor Foods India Ltd.
Plant capacity: 289 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 236 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 1074 Lakhs
Return: 38.03%Break even: 46.93%
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