Renewable Energy, Non-conventional Energy, Solar Energy, Biofuel, Biomass

India is said to be one of the seven largest consumers of energy, but the growing gap between consumption and domestic output is a cause of concern. India’s share in global oil reserves is about 0.5 per cent, whereas its share in global consumption is about 3 per cent. India is still dependent to the extent of 30 to 35 per cent on non-commercial fuel sources like cowdung, firewood, agricultural waste, etc. The growing energy needs of the emerging economics, specifically India, risks enhanced environmental demage from conventional carbon based sources of energy. The pressure on petrol is mounting and we have to concentrate on conservation of petroleum. Towards conservation of petroleum consumption, the government has to ration supplies of cooking gas, kerosene and petrol; improve power generation; focus on alternative source of energy such as solar, wind and bio-fuels; setup energy standards for all vehicles and a mass awareness for conservation. As the country’s petroleum bill grows, and future supplies look volatile or insecure, alternatives need to be explored. Ethanol is an environment-friendly oxidant additive to gasoline. There is a growing interest in biodiesel or ethanol blend. Energy majors are determined to tap biofuels. Special attention is being paid to jatropha cultivation. The corporate sector too is focusing on the biofuels sector. It is estimated that globally about one million hectares would cater to biofuels over the next four years, with an estimated 300,000 hectares contributing each year to biofuels in South East Asia, India and Southern African countries. India will itself produce 2 million tones of biodiesel by 2012.

Power and Energy sector is in a positive mood and is leaving no missed opportunity to make hay of it, while the sun shines. India has set up a target of 20000 MW of installed capacity by 2022 for harnessing solar energy. It is leaving no stone unturned to become a solar hub in the world. With such earnest efforts, India’s mission to tap solar energy is not a pipe dream.

Renewable Energy technologies like solar, biomass, hydro, etc are deployed both in rural and urban areas to curb the growing gap between the demand and supply of power, which is due to increase in the per capita energy consumption and importantly, the much hyped climate change concerns. At 10464 MW, India presently ranks fifth in the world in wind power generations. The future of solar photovoltaic development in India seems to be very bright. India’s solar mission envisages the promotion of solar energy to harness and distribute environment-friendly power, available with high scalability, for sustainable economic growth by empowering national energy security.

Indian clean development mechanism projects broadly cover a range of sectors viz power generation from renewable energy, particularly wind and hydro power, biomass applications, waste heat and energy recycling. Accelerated growth is expected in renewable energy sector, particularly wind energy sector, solar energy sector, biofuels sector .etc with favourable conditions in terms of potential, technical support facilities, policy framework and regulatory environment, robust manufacturing base, and investors confidence in the country.

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Ethanol as Biofuel

Ethanol has been known as fuel for many decades. Production of ethanol in the world is increasing very rapidly and has grown. There is a vast scope to use it as Automobile fuel. There is proposal come from the government agencies as well as from the public agencies also. This is good project provided with sound cost effective technology.
Plant capacity: 100000Ltrs./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 50 Crores
Working capital: Rs. 11 CroresT.C.I: Rs. 68 Crores
Return: 13.08%Break even: 77.17%
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Wind Mill

Non-conventional and renewable sources of energy have come to assume tremendous significance both as alternative or substitute and also as viable supplement to conventional sources of energy. The need for development of non-conventional sources has been strengthened in view of the increasing population, faster pace of economic development and industrialization and gradual depletion of the conventional fossil based energy sources. Along with it the growing concern of the environmental activities has forced governments all over the world to think of ways to tap and generate additional sources of energy to meet the growing demands of the teeming millions. There is good scope of wind mill. A new strategy to attract private investment in commercial projects was adopted.
Plant capacity: 30 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 17 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 86 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 137.0 Lakhs
Return: 52.70%Break even: 40.81%
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Jatropha Plantation and Oil Extraction (Used As Bio Fuel)

Jatropha curcus is a drought-resistant perennial, growing well in marginal/poor soil. It is easy to establish, grows relatively quickly and lives, producing seeds for 50 years. Jatropha the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37%. The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. It burns with clear smoke-free flame, tested successfully as fuel for simple diesel engine. The by-products are press cake a good organic fertilizer, oil contains also insecticide. It is found to be growing in many parts of the country, rugged in nature and can survive with minimum inputs and easy to propagate. Medically it is used for diseases like cancer, piles, snakebite, paralysis, dropsy etc. Jatropha grows wild in many areas of India and even thrives on infertile soil. A good crop can be obtained with little effort. Depending on soil quality and rainfall, oil can be extracted from the jatropha nuts after two to five years. The annual nut yield ranges from 0.5 to 12 tons. The kernels consist of oil to about 60 percent; this can be transformed into biodiesel fuel through esterification. Family: Euphorbiaceae Synonyms: Curcas purgans Medic. Vernacular/common names: English- physic nut, purging nut; Hindi - Ratanjyot Jangli erandi; Malayalam ? Katamanak; Tamil ? Kattamanakku; Telugu ? Pepalam; Kannada ? Kadaharalu; Gujarathi ? Jepal; Sanskrit ? Kanana randa. Distribution and habitat It is still uncertain where the centre of origin is, but it is believed to be Mexico and Central America. It has been introduced to Africa and Asia and is now cultivated world-wide. This highly drought-resistant species is adapted to arid and semi-arid conditions. The current distribution shows that introduction has been most successful in the drier regions of the tropics with annual rainfall of 300-1000 mm. It occurs mainly at lower altitudes (0-500 m) in areas with average annual temperatures well above 20�C but can grow at higher altitudes and tolerates slight frost. It grows on well-drained soils with good aeration and is well adapted to marginal soils with low nutrient content. Botanical Features It is a small tree or shrub with smooth gray bark, which exudes a whitish colored, watery, latex when cut. Normally, it grows between three and five meters in height, but can attain a height of up to eight or ten meters under favourable conditions. Leaves It has large green to pale-green leaves, alternate to sub-opposite, three-to five-lobed with a spiral phyllotaxis. Flowers The petiole length ranges between 6-23 mm. The inflorescence is formed in the leaf axil. Flowers are formed terminally, individually, with female flowers usually slightly larger and occurs in the hot seasons. In conditions where continuous growth occurs, an unbalance of pistillate or staminate flower production results in a higher number of female flowers. Fruits Fruits are produced in winter when the shrub is leafless, or it may produce several crops during the year if soil moisture is good and temperatures are sufficiently high. Each inflorescence yields a bunch of approximately 10 or more ovoid fruits. A three, bi-valved cocci is formed after the seeds mature and the fleshy exocarp dries. Seeds The seeds become mature when the capsule changes from green to yellow, after two to four months Flowering and fruiting habit The trees are deciduous, shedding the leaves in the dry season. Flowering occurs during the wet season and two flowering peaks are often seen. In permanently hu-mid regions, flowering occurs throughout the year. The seeds mature about three months after flowering. Early growth is fast and with good rainfall conditions nursery plants may bear fruits after the first rainy season, direct sown plants after the second rainy season. The flowers are pollinated by insects especially honey bees. Ecological Requirements Jatropha curcas grows almost anywhere , even on gravelly, sandy and saline soils. It can thrive on the poorest stony soil. It can grow even in the crevices of rocks. The leaves shed during the winter months form mulch around the base of the plant. The organic matter from shed leaves enhance earth-worm activity in the soil around the root-zone of the plants, which improves the fertility of the soil. Regarding climate, Jatropha curcas is found in the tropics and subtropics and likes heat, although it does well even in lower temperatures and can withstand a light frost. Its water requirement is extremely low and it can stand long periods of drought by shedding most of its leaves to reduce transpiration loss. Jatropha is also suitable for preventing soil erosion and shifting of sand dunes. Biophysical limits Altitude: 0-500 m, Mean annual temperature: 20-28 deg. C, Mean annual rainfall: 300-1000 mm or more. Soil type: Grows on well-drained soils with good aeration and is well adapted to marginal soils with low nutrient content. On heavy soils, root formation is reduced. Jatropha is a highly adaptable species, but its strength as a crop comes from its ability to grow on very poor and dry sites. A large genus of herbs, shrubs and trees distributed in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world, chiefly in Africa and America. About 9 species have been recorded in India; some of them are grown in gardens for their ornamental foliage and flowers. These plants has various uses, one use is as medicinal plant and another use is for extraction of different alkaloids. There is another most important part of the plants i.e. seeds oil. The seed oil can be used as biofuel. The plants are cultivated largely in the South America, France, and Africa. It is cultivated in the rainy season and fruits or seed yielded in the winter season. Leaves and plants are used for the extraction of different alkoloids, which is largely used for the preparation of different medicinal value products. The Jatropha seed available has 94% oil content. Jatropha oil has different use of which it can be used as biofuel. After extraction of oil seed waste can be used for making organic waste. In India it can be largely produced in the Assam, Orissa and Goa hills. As a whole Jatropha cultivation in India may open the new way of medicinal plant cultivation and the new way of starting the sources of bio fuel. Anybody may enter into this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 24000.00 Kgs/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 30 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs 8 LakhsT.C.I: Rs 92 Lakhs
Return: 16.00%Break even: 66.00%
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An effective biogas programme leads to efficient use of cow dung for gas recovery and partial supplement to plant nutrient requirement. Biogas programme leads to improvement in rural living including rural sanitation. Biogas fermentation a process occurring widely in nature can be defined as a biological process, in which biomass or organic matter, in the absence of oxygen, is converted into methane and carbon dioxide. It is characterized by low nutrient requirement, low production of methane as a useful end product. Waste materials like cow dung, buffalo dung, horse dung, sheep droppings, camel dung, goat droppings, piggery waste and poultry droppings have been observed to exhibit varying gas production behavior. Poultry droppings have been found to be the quickest and the highest gas producing material, whereas the cow dung as the lowest. There is a good scope for new entrants to invest in this project.
Plant capacity: 450 KGS/dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 6 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 29 lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 35.00%
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Biogas Power Plant from Cow Dung

Biogas plants have the ability to accept a wide variety of organic residues as primary fuel input. This includes Cow dung, agricultural residue, effluent discharge, food residue etc. Most agricultural / food production processes have significant amount of organic residues output as by-product. Traditionally, there residues are buried in landfills or discharged, which cause negative environmental impact. In some places, institutions have to pay a fee to dispose off such residues. A biogas plant solves this residue disposal problem by converting residues into usable energy. Biogas is created by bacteria in the process of bio-degradation of organic material under anaerobic (without air) conditions. Methanogens material and return the decomposed products to the environment. In this process biogas (methane) is generated, which is a source of renewable energy. There is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 1000 KWh or 1 MWhPlant & machinery: Rs. 485 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 1245 Lakhs
Return: 22.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Solar Pump

The energy consumption per capita throughout the world is rapidly increasing. Solar energy is considered to be unlimited source of energy. Energy is a key ingredient for the overall development of an economy. Pumps are known for their preferential use in transportation of water, liquid chemicals, slurry and similar other fluids of varying viscosity. The pumps are generally driven by electric motors. Increasing shortages of electricity, frequent power cuts and problem of setting of nuclear energy plants, have necessitated the use of some non-conventional energy in various equipments and appliances. Solar energy is an answer to all the energy related problems. It can be concluded that there is a good scope for any new entrepreneur.
Plant capacity: 12 Nos. / dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 17 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 288 Lakhs
Return: 47.00%Break even: 28.00%
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Bio-gas power plant is one of the sources of non-conventional energy. The biomass fuels are solid carbonaceous materials derived from living plants and animals. There is availability of waste material in our country, producer gas can be easily converted to energy. It can be used for providing electricity in nearer or furthest area. It can also be used to run plant and machineries in the industry. Economic development results in both qualitative and quantitative increase in the use of energy. In India, it is estimated that of the 68.3 million tonnes of carbon released annually due to biomass burning, fuel wood accounts for 82.3%. It will be profitable for any new entrant to invest in this field.
Plant capacity: 1000 KWh or 1 MW.Plant & machinery: 475 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 691 Lakhs (W/c. One Month)
Return: 12.00%Break even: 66.00%
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Solar Power Plant

Solar thermal systems for generating electricity use tracking mirrors to reflect and concentrate sunlight on to a receiver, where, it is converted to high temperature thermal energy. The high-temperature heat in the receiver is then used to drive a heat engine and electric generator to produce electricity. The solar energy ultimately heats a fluid powering a small engine / generator operating at about 8000C, a single dish module can generate up to 50 KW of electric power. Many dishes can be grouped together to produce more power. Most of the processes involve a lot of capital as well as recurring expenditure. Solar power has an edge over all the other non-conventional forms of energy sources as it is non-polluting. The solar energy is abundant and is available at all parts of the world through out the year. There is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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Cotton seeds are one of the oil producing seeds. The cotton seed cake is the residue left after the extraction of cotton seed oil from the seeds. This residue is also very useful from many aspects, for producing biofertilizer it is used as an essential raw material. Now-a-days bio-fertilizers are capturing the field of chemical fertilizers due to cheap availability, low cost & no side effect on land. So the use of cotton seed cake is also increasing in bio-fertilizer industries. As the rate of use of biofertilizers is increasing the future of this industry is very bright.
Plant capacity: 3000 MT / AnnumPlant & machinery: 30 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project 128 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 46.00%
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Co-generation plant based on Bagasse is the need of the hour in the perspective of the power generation required and its demand is increasing considerably. There stands an imperative need for the setting up of power plant based on bagasse, which is a waste product from sugar industries. Co-generation is the simultaneous production of process heat and electric power using single fuel. Biomass fuel can also be used in co-generation plants for enhancing their efficiency. Co-generation facilities increase economic viability and profitability of an industry. In sugarcane industries it is most popular environment friendly way of producing electricity using sugarcane bagasse. Co-generation projects based on agro waste like rice husk, bagasse etc. as fuel result is lowering the cost of energy generation, low capital investment, higher profitability of plant. It is a lucrative project with very bright future prospects. A new entrepreneur can venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 15 MW Plant & machinery: 850 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1746 Lakhs
Return: 53.00%Break even: 46.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
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