Minerals, Marble, Granite, Gypsum, Quartz, Talc, Mica

India is rich in natural resources. Minerals constitute the back-bone of economic growth of any nation and India has been eminently endowed with this gift of nature. There is much evidence that exploitation of minerals like coal, iron-ore, copper, lead-zinc has been going on in the country from time immemorial.  Natural stones like granite and marble are capable of taking a high polish and are therefore used as decorative stones for cladding purpose in the construction industry, as well as for monumental and memorial work. Marble carries a status symbol of luxury and it gives a long-term benefit to one who has purchased it. This is so because it is a very durable stone. The marble tiles can be used for indoor and outdoor decorations of your home. Floors, countertops, fireplaces, porticos of large or small buildings can be made elegant and luxuriant by marble. Large buildings, monuments, mansions, multi-storied buildings make use of this stone for adding that elegant decorative touch.

Since granite is a hard rock, special grinding and polishing heads are used for rapidly grinding and polishing the slabs of granite. For polishing soft stones like marble, it is necessary to have a complete surface to surface contact of the abrasive and marble. The basic principle of polishing any natural stone is to hone the surface of the stone by progressively using finer mesh of abrasives until the natural luster of the stone is obtained. A polished piece of natural stone is capable of reflecting a major portion of the light falling on it. In most modem stone processing plants, bonded abrasives are used for grinding and polishing natural stones. India is largely self sufficient in most of the minerals which include barytes, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, fluorspar, gypsum, iron ore, kyanite, limestone, manganese ore, magnesite, sillimanite, etc. except the minerals like copper, asbestos, lead and zinc, natural phosphates, sulphur and crude petroleum, in which domestic production meets the demand only partially.

India has one of the largest reserves of granite in the world and exported Rs 2,600 crore (Rs 26 billion) worth of the stone last year. Granite exports this fiscal are expected to touch Rs 2,800 crore (Rs 28 billion) and nearly one-fourth of these exports is accounted for by monument stones.

Indian granite exports have declined 33 per cent between 2006-07 and 2008-09. The sector, which relies heavily on American and European demand, was among the first to feel the heat of the sub-prime crisis. Its export revenues fell steeply in 2007-08, even before there were visible signs of a slowdown in Indian housing and industry. What perhaps explains the increase in volumes in 2007-08 is that polished granite, which commands a better price, was substituted by semi-finished blocks. Yet, prices in the latter category remained unattractive, reflecting the severity of the recession. Volumes increased by 10.2 per cent in 2007-08 over the previous year, while revenue earned from exports decreased by 17.6 per cent this year. The decline in export earnings and volumes was more pronounced in 2008-09. The export of polished granites blocks and slabs more than halved in 2008-09 at 2.75 lakh tonnes compared with 5.52 lakh tonnes in 2007, while in 2007-08 it was 4.13 lakh tonnes. Export revenue in this segment declined 51.9 per cent – more than the sector as a whole – to Rs 862.63 crore 2008-09 from Rs 1,791.98 crore in 2006-07. In 2007-08, it was Rs 1,332.56 crore. However, the export of semi-finished blocks to China has not been as badly affected. The export volumes of crude or roughly trimmed granite increased to 25.63 lakh tonnes in 2008 from 21.47 lakh tonnes in 2007. In 2009, it declined to 23.92 lakh tonnes. Exports revenue largely remained flat at Rs 1478.95 crore in 2009, compared with RS 1479.44 crore in 2008. In 2007, it was Rs 1703.37 crore. Granite accounts for 10 per cent of India’s minerals’ output. Over the last three decades the Indian granite industry has modernized to global standards. Sculptures and monuments made in India are being exported all over the world.

About 85-90 per cent of the total granite production in the country is for exports. So after this recession period over the industry will again regain its demand .This is the best time for an entrepreneur to venture into this sector.

Coming to gypsum products in India, gypsum has proved to be a miraculous material aiding interior construction. Gypsum surface plaster is one form that has caught the attention on the sector and is growing in popularity. In recent years, the construction sector has witnessed a number of new trends, technology advancements and innovations across applications, all aimed at making construction faster and delivering higher performance. The industry of cement and gypsum products in India is the second biggest manufacturer of high grade cement in the whole world. The cement and gypsum products industry in India consists of over 300 small cement plants and around 130 large cement plants with the total production capacity of more than 167.36 million tons. The different varieties of cement manufactured in India are Oil Well cement, White cement, Portland Pozzolana cement, and Ordinary Portland cement.

Some of international companies having presence in cement and gypsum products industry in India are: Lafarge, Italcementi, Heidelberg Cements, and Holcim.

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Artificial Marble Tiles

With the vast potential of plastics, artificial synthetic marble is virtually replacing the use of natural marble. The qualities of artificial synthetic marble are very much the same as those of natural marble. Synthetic marble is produced out of fillers and synthetic resin is used as binder. The main advantage of synthetic marble (cultured marble) are its high strength values, low shrinkage, minimum water absorption, resistant to corrosion, ageing and weather resistant to aggressive media, easy maintenance and high abrasion resistance etc. Calcium carbonate fillers are the most widely used filler for the preparation of filled compositions and moulding. Calcium Carbonate fillers are low in cost and is one of the largest applications of artificial, synthetic or cultured marble. Cultured marble is more durable than natural quarried marble. It is more resistant to stains, wear and damaging effects of household chemicals. The major areas where artificial marble tiles can be advantageously used are roofings, flooring, tiles used as wall products in different designs and castings. The artificial marble tiles are gaining varied application in building project which are developing very fast.
Plant capacity: 3 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 17 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 54 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 121 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 49.00%
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Granite (Marble) Polishing Batti (Bar)

Marble polishing batti is an essential item in the marble and granite polishing industries. Now a days there is good market demand of granite and marble articles. Granite & marble are natural product, it is abundantly available in India. Exploring of the natural resources is one of the main work in our country. For processing of marble there is necessity of polishing instruments, by using polishing instruments, it will be looked like a glazed material for making marble polishing batti. Granite is the most important stone have a growing demand both in the domestic and overseas markets. India produces granite of innumerable varieties and colours such as black granite multicoloured granite, red granite, grey graphite and brown granite. There is good scope of this project. Any entrepreneur can come in this field.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 33.63%Break even: 40.77%
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Granite Marble Cutting and Polishing Unit

The use of granite and other decorative stones has been increasing world over. India is endowed with vast deposits of these natural resources and is therefore, in a position to meet not only the domestic need but also to greatly enhance export. Besides, there is scope for substantial generation of employment opportunities in rural and backward areas. Granite is the hardest compact structural stone which is quarried and dressed into blocks of desired size and shapes, and is amenable to slicing and polishing. There is good scope for granite-marble cutting & polishing unit. Any entrepreneur can well venture in this project.
Plant capacity: 100 Sq. M./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 168 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 151 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 388 Lakhs
Return: 47.73%Break even: 42.87%
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Iodized Salt

Salt was the name originally given to the residue left by evaporation of sea water. Iodizing salt for human consumption is a modern trend. Iodine is used in the body formation of thyroxine an essential hormone. Salt is used as a medium in supply iodine to the body. Many important industrial chemical process are based on sodium chloide. At present there are 18 iodization plants, among the 4 plants are following dry mixing type process and 14 plants are using wet spray process. Bulk of the common salt produced in India goes for human consumption out of this only to some extent is Iodized and that is not sufficient to meet the demand of Iodized salt. A good market exist for this product.
Plant capacity: 20 Tons/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 36 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 24 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 91 Lakhs
Return: 61.19%Break even: 45.87%
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Iodized Salt (Free Flowing)

Salt is a basic food element of all human beings. Due to its widespread use all over the world and also due to the increasing demand for refined, iodized and super quality salts, this industry provides very big scope for new investment in slat cultivation. It is produced either from saline water or mined from rock, the largest source of saline water being the sea. Due to long coastal lines of the country, salt lakes and salt springs, it is quite popular for salt cultivators. With rising industrial demand in bulk quantities, build production has started. Of the total salt produced, 29.91% is produced by large salt works while 76.09 % by salt farms. Household sector claim 47% of slat produced while industry sector claims 53% of share. Iodized salt is increasing in demand with quality-consciousness among users. There is good prospect for entrepreneurs in this field.
Plant capacity: 6000 Ton/Annum (Iodized Salt Free Flowing)Plant & machinery: 76 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 293 Lakhs
Return: 39.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Iodized Salt (Free Flowing)

Salt is a basic food element of all human beings. Due to its widespread use all over the world and also due to the increasing demand for refined, iodized and super quality salts, this industry provides very big scope for new investment in slat cultivation. It is produced either from saline water or mined from rock, the largest source of saline water being the sea. Due to long coastal lines of the country, salt lakes and salt springs, it is quite popular for salt cultivators. With rising industrial demand in bulk quantities, bulk production has started. Of the total salt produced, 29.91% is produced by large salt works while 76.09 % by salt farms. Household sector claim 47% of slat produced while industry sector claims 53% of share. Iodized alt is increasing in demand with quality-consciousness among users. There is good prospect for entrepreneurs in this field.
Plant capacity: 20 MT /DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 36 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 90 Lakhs
Return: 71.12%Break even: 37.34%
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E.D.T.A. and Its Salts

E.D.T.A. and its salts used in any chemical industry as a chelating agent. E.D.T.A. is an essential chemical for a number of industries and processes ranging from textiles to agriculture. Chelating agents like E.D.T.A. and its salt is used in scale removal of steam boilers. So that heat transfer is enhanced. It also prevents foods from lead poisoning. For a new entrepreneur, it is better field to invest for a new entrepreneur.
Plant capacity: 700 Kgs./ DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 12 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 26 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 100 Lakhs
Return: 96.00%Break even: 20.00%
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Vermiculite

Vermiculite is compound of hydrated magnesium iron aluminium silicate. It is rarely available in India. Say almost nil. It is naturally available in the country of Montana, California, South Carolina, Wyoming, Colorado and South Africa. There is very rare cases of environmental pollution which can be controlled easily. Demand of the product gradually increases. Any entrepreneur may enter in this field and obtain success.
Plant capacity: 5 MT Vermiculite/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 28 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 20 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 150 Lakhs
Return: 65.00%Break even: 53.00%
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Zeolite 4A

Zeolite 4A is manufactured synthetically from zeolite A or NaA. It is basically products of pore openings by using calcium ions in the sodium zeolite. Zeolite 4A is used as an adsorbent for various gases, hydrocarbons etc. It is also used as an ion-exchanger. Their commercial utilization has been based on these unique properties. In India there is good scope of zeolite 4A. Zeolite 4A manufacturers may come up with in short period due to the consciousness of air pollution. Air pollution can be come down by using 4A is adsorbent. The present demand for the product in the country is low. The demand is likely to pick up in the next few year.
Plant capacity: 2.0 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 126 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 99.00 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 296.00 Lakhs
Return: 61.88%Break even: 44.17%
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Soda Ash

Soda ash is a chemical trade name donated by the anhydrous sodium carbonate, or simply “Soda”. The dehydrate variety of soda ash is frequently known in commerce by the names “Sal Soda”. Soda ash is also differentiated into two classes viz natural ash if the classes viz. natural ash if the salt is recovered from naturally occurring sodium carbonate, the synthetic ash if it is the product of the solvay or other similar commercial processes. Soda ash is known as sodium carbonate. It is one of the most important inorganic chemicals amongst others such as caustic soda, sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid and chlorine. The country is self – sufficient in the production of basic inorganic chemicals. Sodium carbonates are the backbone of modern industries. Their uses, particularly of soda ash, are so many and varied that there is hardly any industry which does not consume the carbonates. About 50 percent of the soda ash produced is used by the chemicals industry in soaps and detergents industry, it is used in the neutralization of fatty acids, as a builder in detergents formulations and in the manufacture of laundry soap; and as an ingredient in many industrial cleaning compounds. Soda ash is being produced in India by two main conventional processes like standard solvay process and dual process. In the solvay process, the main raw materials are salt and limestone which are available in abundant in the country. Soda ash is in short supply and is being imported from various countries. All imports are channelized through State Trading Corporation, a public sector undertaking. World consumption of soda ash in 2004 was an estimated 38 mt having grown by an average of 2.6% pa in recent years but is forecast to increase at a higher rate of 3-4% pa through to 2010. Growth of this industry exceeded in recent year because of high demand rates from the world’s construction and automotive industries, especially those in China & other Asian Countries. The scope for this product is very bright. Thus, a new entrepreneur can confidently venture into this project will find it a very lucrative.
Plant capacity: 500000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 30550 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 42100 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Information
  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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