Identified Project Opportunities - Haryana

Food & Agro Processing: Project Opportunities in Haryana

PROFILE:

Food processing is a large sector that covers activities such as agriculture, horticulture, plantation, animal husbandry’s and fisheries. India is the world's second largest producer of food and has the potential of being the biggest with the food and agricultural sector. The total food production in India is likely to double in the next ten years and there is an opportunity for large investments in food and food processing technologies, skills and equipment, especially in areas of Canning, Dairy and Food Processing, Specialty Processing, Packaging, Frozen Food/Refrigeration and Thermo Processing. Fruits & Vegetables, Fisheries, Milk & Milk Products, Meat & Poultry, Packaged/Convenience Foods, Alcoholic Beverages & Soft Drinks and Grains are important sub-sectors of the food processing industry. India is one of the major food producers of world but accounts for less than 1.5 per cent of international food trade.

 

RESOURCES:

Haryana has made a significant contribution in agricultural production in the country. Agriculture is the mainstay of more than 75 per cent population in Haryana, with contribution of 28.2 per cent in GDP of the State. Rice, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, barley and pulses are the major crops of the State. Under the diversification of crops, more and more area is being brought under cash crops like sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, etc. New crops like castor, groundnut, soyabean and horticulture crops (vegetables and fruits) are also being encouraged. Efforts are being made to encourage intensive and extensive farming in the State. Sustainable agriculture is being promoted through the propagation of resource conserving technologies and organic farming.

Besides, Haryana is called the land of milk, with having one of the highest productions of dairy products in the country. Haryana also ranks second in fish productivity in India. Rivers, canals and drains are the main sources for capturing fisheries in Haryana. The State has Asia's biggest agricultural University known as Chaudhry Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University at Hisar, which has already made a significant contribution in ushering 'Green Revolution'.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The salient features of the new agricultural policy are:

•        Over 4 per cent annual growth rate aimed over next two decades.

•        Greater private sector participation through contract farming, Price protection for farmers.

•        National agricultural insurance scheme to be launched.

•        Rational utilisation of country's water resources for optimum use of irrigation potential.

•        High priority to development of animal husbandry, poultry, dairy and aquaculture.

•        Capital inflow and assured markets for crop production.

•        Exemption from payment of capital gains tax on compulsory acquisition of agricultural land.

•        Minimise fluctuations in commodity prices.

•        Continuous monitoring of international prices.

•        Plant varieties to be protected through legislation. Adequate and timely supply of quality inputs to farmers.

•        High priority to rural electrification.

•        Setting up of agro-processing units and creation of off-farm employment in rural areas.

 

Automobile: Project Opportunities in Haryana

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units in 2010. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

RESOURCES:

Automobile manufacturing sector constitutes Haryana’s primary strength, thanks to the presence of Maruti-Suzuki, Hero-Honda, Honda Motors, Escorts which have led to the development of a large number of ancillaries in this Sector. Gurgaon-Manesar-Bawal region has  been  identified  as  an  Auto  Hub  by  the  Government  of  India.  A number of auto & auto component units have already set up base in this hub. Maruti-Suzuki has already rolled-out its one-millionth car in a year. Haryana is all set to draw huge investments in the auto sector. In the last 45 days, the Haryana government has attracted investments close to Rs 1,000 crore in the sector, giving tough competition to its arch rival Punjab.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Following new initiatives are expected to provide a further boost to this industry:

i) The HSIIDC had earlier allotted 8 acres of land to Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) in IMT Manesar, for setting up Automotive Testing Laboratory, which is being run by National Automotive Testing, R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRIP). Another site measuring 46 acres has been allotted at concessional rates in IMT Manesar. The foundation stone for this facility has been laid on the 4th of June 2010. The availability of Testing and R&D facility at this centre will facilitate further development of auto & auto components industry in the State; 

ii) It is proposed to create a railway siding facility in IMT Manesar for smooth transportation of the manufactured goods from out of the IMT area for export and across various destinations in the country;

iii) The State would encourage establishment of a Logistics Centre Facility in PPP mode or through the private sector in IMT Manesar for efficient inventory management and dispatches by the industries.

Textiles: Project Opportunities in Haryana

PROFILE:

Textile is a very important part of our life, be it the clothes we wear or the bed and furnishings that we use in our daily life. The history of textile industry is very rich and has impacted the world economy in a big way. It is one of the oldest form of craft and dates back to Neolithic age. Initially twigs, leave and branches were weaved but subsequently other natural fibres were interlaced to form cloth and fabrics.

RESOURCES:

Haryana boasts of a robust handloom tradition, especially in Panipat and an equally vibrant handicraft tradition. Panipat is a major textile town of India famous for its rugs and upholstery fabric. Traditionally women would weave durries (rugs) and khes (thick coverlets) for household use whenever they would be free from agricultural and household work. However, today theses rugs, especially the panja durries (named after a weaving method) are marketed all over the world. Thick fabrics are a speciality of Haryana, as climatic conditions do not allow the use of fine threads in normal looms. The weavers have also developed their skills using thick threads and can weave many beautiful and complicated designs.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995 Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Power: Project Opportunities in Haryana

PROFILE:

The power industry plays a vital role in the economic development of any country. Electricity is a key driver of rapid economic growth and industrialization in the country. It is one of the critical infrastructure on which development of several economic sectors depend. India is the world's sixth largest energy consumer accounting for about 3.5% of the world's total annual energy consumption. Availability of reliable and quality power at competitive rates to Indian industry is necessary to make it globally competitive and to enable it to exploit the tremendous potential of employment generation. Over the years, Indian power industry has shown considerable growth. Foreign direct investment (FDI) up to 100 percent has been permitted through automatic route in generation, transmission and distribution segments.

 

RESOURCES:

The power industry plays a vital role in the economic development of any country. Electricity is a key driver of rapid economic growth and industrialization in the country. It is one of the critical infrastructure on which development of several economic sectors depend. India is the world's sixth largest energy consumer accounting for about 3.5% of the world's total annual energy consumption. Availability of reliable and quality power at competitive rates to Indian industry is necessary to make it globally competitive and to enable it to exploit the tremendous potential of employment generation. Over the years, Indian power industry has shown considerable growth. Foreign direct investment (FDI) up to 100 percent has been permitted through automatic route in generation, transmission and distribution segments.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

The Government of India has modified the Mega Power Policy to smoothen the procedures further.  The modified Mega Power Policy is as follows:

(i) The power projects with the following threshold capacity shall be eligible for the benefit of mega power policy:

(a) A thermal power plant of capacity 1000 MW or more; or

(b) A thermal power plant of capacity of 700 MW or more located in the States of J&K, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura or

(c) A hydel power plant of capacity of 500 MW or more

(d) A hydel power plant of a capacity of 350 MW or more, located in the States of J&K, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura; 

(e) Government has decided to extend mega policy benefits to brownfield (expansion) projects also. In case of   brownfield (expansion) phase of the existing mega project, size of the expansion unit(s) would not be not less than that provided in the earlier phase of the project granted mega power project certificate. 

 

Tourism: Project Opportunities in Haryana

PROFILE:

Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

RESOURCES:

The state of Haryana is blessed with the bounty of nature. Tourism in India is the largest service industry, with a contribution of 6.23% to the national GDP and 8.78% of the total employment in India. The tourism industry in India is substantial and vibrant, and the country is fast becoming a major global destination. India’s travel and tourism industry is one of them most profitable industries in the country, and also credited with contributing a substantial amount of foreign exchange. Indian Tourism offers a potpourri of different cultures, traditions, festivals, and places of interest.

The state of Haryana houses several Sikh Gurdwaras that represents the secular tradition of the people of the state. Apart from performing the religious duties, the Gurdwaras also engage in several social activities. Representing the variant cultural tradition of the state, Haryana has many Muslim "Shrines" that attracts. The Muslim Shrines are noted for their architectural styles. Haryana houses several "Churches" that adds to the diversity of the state. The ceilings of the Church are ornamented with beautiful designs and the walls are adorned with paintings which reflect the artistic imagination of the past golden era.

The state boasts of several places of Pilgrims which have a significant religious and historical importance. The historical place of Kurukshetra, Jyotisar, Thaneshwar, Pehowa and Panchkula reminds one of the rich historical past of our country. The state of Haryana boasts of the rich bio- diversity of the regions which is manifested through the vast reserve of the rare and endangered species of birds in the famous wild life sanctuary of the Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary. Haryana also has several "forts" that adds to the historicity of the state. The strategic location of Haryana was guarded by the construction of huge Forts.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

In order to develop tourism in India in a systematic manner, position it as a major engine of economic growth and to harness its direct and multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication in an environmentally sustainable manner, the National Tourism Policy was formulated in the year 2002. Broadly, the Policy attempts to:-

•        Position tourism as a major engine of economic growth;

•        Harness the direct and multiplier effects of tourism for employment generation, economic development and providing impetus to rural tourism;

•        Focus on domestic tourism as a major driver of tourism growth.

•        Position India as a global brand to take advantage of the burgeoning global travel trade and the vast untapped potential of India as a destination;

•        Acknowledges the critical role of private sector with government working as a pro-active facilitator and catalyst;

•        Create and develop integrated tourism circuits based on India’s unique civilization, heritage, and culture in partnership with States, private sector and other agencies; and

•        Ensure that the tourist to India gets physically invigorated, mentally rejuvenated, culturally enriched, spiritually elevated and “feel India from within”.

 

E-Waste Management: Project Opportunities in Haryana

PROFILE:

E-waste is a popular, informal name for electronic products nearing the end of their useful life. E-wastes are considered dangerous, as certain components of some electronic products contain materials that are hazardous, depending on their condition and density. The hazardous content of these materials pose a threat to human health and environment. Discarded computers, televisions, VCRs, stereos, copiers, fax machines, electric lamps, cell phones, audio equipment and batteries if improperly disposed can leach lead and other substances into soil and groundwater. Many of these products can be reused, refurbished, or recycled in an environmentally sound manner so that they are less harmful to the ecosystem. This paper highlights the hazards of e-wastes, the need for its appropriate management and options that can be implemented.

 

RESOURCES:

Gurgaon known for being the home to over two hundred Fortune 500 companies and a hub of BPOs, Gurgaon is also the biggest producer of e-waste. A recent study revealed that Gurgaon generates about 8,000 metric tonnes (MT) of e-waste every year, the highest in the country. The groundwater in Gurgaon is contaminated with lead and heavy metals because of the unregulated disposal of e-waste and other solid and liquid waste, says the study.

Haryana, in fact, is still to implement its e-waste policy even after the Central Pollution Control Board notified it long back. The e-waste was growing at the pace of 20 per cent annually in India. It was going up in Delhi region, that includes Gurgaon, at the phenomenal rate of more than 40 per cent, it said. It is estimated that the Delhi region would produce about six lakh metric tons of e-waste annually and would continue to be the highest e-waste producer with Gurgaon contributing to it in a major way.

With the increasing use of computers in households, purchase of mobile phones and television sets, e-waste in Delhi region, including Gurgaon, is going to go up phenomenally, the study says. The study has revealed that IT companies in Gurgaon dispose off about 40,000 computers every year while the country’s figure is 20 lakh computers annually.

Haryana is still to introduce e-waste policy in the state. Unregulated disposal of e-waste has resulted in groundwater contamination in Gurgaon. Haryana government on e-waste disposal, the BPOs and other IT companies are taking initiatives on their own.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

A comprehensive law that provides e-waste regulation and management and proper disposal of hazardous wastes is required. Such a law should empower the agency to control, supervise and regulate the relevant activities of government departments. Under this law, the agency concerned should collect basic information on the materials from manufacturers, processors and importers and to maintain an inventory of these materials. The information should include toxicity and potential harmful effects.

•        Identify potentially harmful substances and require the industry to test them for adverse health and environmental effects.

•        Control risks from manufacture, processing, distribution, use and disposal of electronic wastes.

•        Encourage beneficial reuse of e-waste and encouraging business activities that use waste. Set up programs so as to promote recycling among citizens and businesses.

•        Educate e-waste generators on reuse/recycling options

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SANITARY NAPKIN (LOW INVESTMENT PROJECT)

The Sanitary napkin industry is closely connected with the mode of life, which is in turn directly correlated to housing. Accordingly this industry has always grown by keeping space with improvement in living and it is new indispensable for sanitary in modern housing. Because of intensive improvement and progress of sanitary goods, sanitary napkin is replaced by absorbent cotton in many countries today, since it is clean & it can be carried easily. Generally absorption paper, waterproof paper, crushed pulp, and non-woven cloth or rayon paper is used as raw material. OBJECTIVES: • To popularize and sensitize the use of sanitary napkins among the rural women and girls. • To establish and start preparation of cost effective/low cost sanitary napkins in scientific way for better health and hygiene among females. • To engage some rural unemployed youths in production and marketing and also to fulfill the school requirements to maximum parts. • To provide and supplied quality based sanitary napkins to rural women in comparatively low price than the napkins prevalent in the present day markets. MARKET SCENARIO There is a well-developed sanitary napkin industry in India, with major players such as Proctor & Gamble, and Johnsons & Johnsons, these sanitary napkins are often unaffordable to the millions of Indian women living in low-income and under-privileged section. This is primarily due to the cost of the sanitary napkins resulting from the use of exorbitant plant & machinery and huge profit margins by these brand name companies. Therefore, this project report focuses on a worthwhile sanitary napkin manufacturing Plant/machine through which one can produce and market bio-degradable sanitary napkins. The sanitary pad “gap” is clearly a major global development problem, yet also presents a major market opportunity for innovative, impact driven social enterprises. Sanitary napkin market has huge potential in a country like India where feminine hygiene levels are reckoned to be appallingly low. A sanitary napkin is a product with a stable demand among its consumer group and such stability will act as a base for its explosive growth. The growth in the Indian sanitary napkin consumption will be driven by factors like growing awareness among Indian women about feminine hygiene, availability of low cost sanitary napkins in the market as well as rising women population in our country. Escalating disposable incomes will also make sanitary napkins more affordable and will contribute in augmenting its usage. Indian sanitary napkin market is dominated by MNC’s like P&G Hygiene and Healthcare Ltd (PGHHL) and Johnson & Johnson Ltd. But gradually many homegrown low cost producers have realized the market potential of the product and are swiftly emerging with their low cost affordable offerings and we believe it will change the consumption dynamics of sanitary napkin in our nation. LOW PROJECT INVESTMENT Large scale automatic production line for sanitary napkin costs Rs. 3.5 to 10 Crores, However, the semi-automatic equipments used in this project accounts for approximately Rs.12-15 Lakhs. This allows SME sector and aspiring entrepreneurs to efficaciously use this low cost sanitary napkin manufacturing plant. The equipments used in the project are a set of portable machines that acquires a small area. The machine incorporates pinewood fiber, a raw material which goes through basic 4 step process: (a) de-fiberation, (b) core formation (c) sealing with soft touch sensitive heat control (d) sterilization. Land Area Required: 1200 sq. ft.
Plant capacity: 4.5 Lakhs packets/annum (one packet contains 8 sanitary napkins)Plant & machinery: Rs. 9.48 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 12.46 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 67.00%
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