Fisheries and Aquaculture, Aquaculture, Fish and Marine Products, Fish farming, Processing

Fish farming is the principal form of aquaculture, while other methods may fall under mariculture. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food. There are two kinds of aquaculture: extensive aquaculture based on local photosynthetic production and intensive aquaculture, in which the fish are fed with external food supply. The management of these two kinds of aquaculture systems is completely different.

India is a large producer of inland fish, ranking next only to Japan. Out of the total inland fish production of over 3.6 million metric tons, more than 60% is contributed by fish culture in ponds and reservoirs. The average productivity from ponds on the national level is around 2,500 kg/ha/year, though in Andhra Pradesh and Haryana it is more than 5,000 kg/ha/year, while in some other states like Bihar and UP it is anywhere between 1,500 and 2,500 kg/ha/year. Fish culture is adopted by all kinds of farmers – small and marginal ones, relatively larger farmers and those who do it on commercial scale.

Coastal aquaculture is a significant contributor to aquaculture production. This is mainly composed of shrimps (Penaeus monodon and P. Indicus) and other species cultured like lobster, crab, molluscan (edible oyster, pearl oyster, mussel and clam), sea cucumber, marine finfish (mullets, groupers, seabass, milkfish and pearlspot) and seaweed. Among these culture systems, the yield, operating cost and net profit from shrimp farming are highest. The yield from shrimp farming is around (3.12 t/ha), followed by polyculture of mud crab farming (1.14 t/ha crabs and 0.7 t/ha milkfish), edible oyster farming (0.8 t/ha meats) and monoculture of mud crab farming (0.78 t/ha crabs).

The major freshwater farming environments in India are pond, cage, pen, rice field, sewage feed and air breathing. Polyculture is the dominant culture system practiced. The major species are carp, freshwater prawn and catfish. Basically India's aquaculture is carp-oriented and the contribution of other species is marginal. Fish culture in India can be classified as extensive, semi-intensive or intensive and stocking rate is high at 18,408 fish/ha. The average yield varies according to species group, level of input use and intensity level. Cost structure is primarily composed of lease cost of the water body, cost of inputs (fertilizer, seed, and feed), management and harvesting. Lease value varies according to the fertility and property and management regimes of the water body. The cost of inputs varies according to intensity of their use across different technologies in accordance with requirements. Both the central and state governments have come up with schemes to help the cause of the farmers. The aquaculture production contributes greatly to the Indian exports.Of the total exports, European Union countries accounted for 35 percent, Japan 16 percent and the US 13 percent. India’s share in global marine product market is about two percent. With good demand in the overseas markets and changing consumption patterns in the Japanese market, exports of seafood from India are expected to grow in the coming years.

Fish culture is practiced in less than 30 percent of the total areas available. With an abundance of freshwater resources, India has still not been able to tap even 30% of the potential area for inland fish production. This sector has a potential to create huge market, provided fish cultivation is done on a scientific basis

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Fish Dehydration

There are varieties of fish available in India. They are sweet water fish and salty water fish. Both the fishes can be stored by dehydration. Dehydration is a process technique of removal of water from fish bodies by mechanical means i.e. heat and dehumid air over the fish. There is good demand of dehydrated fish in India as well as in abroad. So it has a very good export market. As a whole project of fish dehydration is good.
Plant capacity: 1 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 21 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 73 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 146 Lakhs
Return: 38.29%Break even: 44.56%
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Aquaculture Fish Farming

Aquaculture technology of sweet water fish farming is a good project for new entrepreneur and to meet up the demand growth of fish utilization.
Plant capacity: 1000 MT Fish/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 150 Lacs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 200 Lacs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Prawn/Shrimp Farming

In the brackish water of coastal areas the Prawns and shrimps grow naturally. In the prawn/Shrimp farming the body prawns & shrimp are grown in controlled condition in an enclosed water body. Inspite of the large size of the coast area, less than 5% is being used for prawn farming. Thereby leaving good scope for further growth. With the all around improvement in the standard of living of people, changing food habits demand for such exotic products like prawn and shrimp is growing in our country at very fast rate. Besides domestic market there exists a large export market for these products in Europe, U.S.A. Japan and other developed countries.
Plant capacity: 1200 Tons/Annum (Land & Building cost 460 Lacs)Plant & machinery: Rs. 50 Lacs
Working capital: Rs. 61 LacsT.C.I: Rs. 609 Lacs
Return: 59.00%Break even: 28.00%
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Aquaculture Fish Farming

Aquaculture technology of sweet water fish farming is a good projects for new entrepreneur and to meet up the demand growth of fish utilization.
Plant capacity: 1000 MT Fish/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 150 Lacs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 200 Lacs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 47.00%
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Prawn/Shrimp Farming

In the brackish water of coastal areas the Prawns and shrimps grow naturally. In the prawn/Shrimp farming the body prawns & shrimp are grown in controlled condition in an enclosed water body. Inspite of the large size of the coast area, less than 5% is being used for prawn farming. Thereby leaving good scope for further growth. With the all around improvement in the standard of living of people, changing food habits demand for such exotic products like prawn and shrimp is growing in our country at very fast rate. Besides domestic market there exists a large export market for these products in Europe, U.S.A. Japan and other developed countries.
Plant capacity: 1200 Tons/Annum (Land & Building cost 460 Lacs)Plant & machinery: Rs. 50 Lacs
Working capital: Rs. 61 LacsT.C.I: Rs. 609 Lacs
Return: 59.00%Break even: 28.00%
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FISH OIL (Production and Refining) with Fish Meal

Fish is used as a source of food either in raw or dry state. It has protein which is amino acids. Another means of utilization of fish is the manufacture of fish meal and fish oil. Fish oil is consisting triglyceryl esters of fatty acids and minor proportions of free fatty acids, vitamins, coloring matters, hydrocarbons, sterols, phosphatides etc. Application of fish oil includes: manufacture of candles, lubricating, cutting oils, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. They are used in the manufacture of rubber substitutes, and water proofing compositions, printing inks and core oils. Various fish oil formulations sprayed on citrus trees has proved effective as fungicides, oils containing vitamins have been used in animal and poultry feeds. In view of the many uses of fish oil the product has a wide potential, in view of the expansion targets of end user industries. A new entrepreneur can undertake the production of fish oil.
Plant capacity: 1 MT/day Fish Oil. 2.3 MT/day Fish Meal.Plant & machinery: 63 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 219 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 34.00%
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Fish Farming

Now-a-days people are turning to fresh-water fish such as rainbow trout, carp & tench. These fish make an attractive substitute for the unproductive gold fish, golden or golden rudd etc. The fresh water fishery resources consist of rivers, channels, irrigation channels, pools, lakes, jheels, tanks and low lying areas, which contain water. The sea food industry in India has come a long way and today a wide range of seafood products are exported to more than 70 countries in the world. The major fishes include shrimp, squid, cuttlefish, oyster, lobster and shark. Frozen shrimp continued to be the largest item of exports. It contributed 65.88% of the total exports of marine products from the country. The Indian seafood industry has undertaken a major exercise of up gradation of its facilities to meet new international requirements. India is a large exporter to the European Union, Africa, Middle East and China. There is a bright scope for starting new units in this field.
Plant capacity: 4.00 Ton /DayPlant & machinery: 82 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 558 Lakhs
Return: 53.00%Break even: 31.00%
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Aquaculture Prawn Farming (100% EOU)

Indian commercial prawns are of two kinds, viz. penaeid type belonging to the family penaeidae and palaemonid type belonging to the family palaemonidae. The majority of prawns contributing to the valuable prawn fishery of the country marine, estuarine and backwater-belong to the family penaeidae. The importance of marine prawns is well understood by their export. A considerable amount of foreign exchange is earned. The culture of marine and brackish-water prawns has now been attempted in many coastal localities of India. Aquaculture has become a major tool and fisheries in India are undergoing rapid changes. During last two years, business houses have ventured into industrial aquaculture with foreign collaborations. They are aiming at annual production levels of 8 to 15 tonnes of prawns per hectare, in two crops. There is tremendous scope for export of prawn. A new entrepreneur can well venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 4.00 Ton / DayPlant & machinery: 50 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 608 Lakhs
Return: 57.00%Break even: 29.00%
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Shrimp Farming (Prawn Breading in Sea Water)

Shrimps are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. Adult shrimps are filter feeding benthic animals living close to the bottom. They can live in schools and can swim rapidly backwards. Shrimps are an important food source for large animals from fish to whales. They have a high tolerance to toxins in polluted areas, and may contribute to high toxin levels in their predators. Together with prawns, shrimps are widely caught and the world control the shrimp industry. Seventy five percent of shrimp farms belong to Asia including Thailand, China, Vietnam, India and Indonesia. The remaining twenty five comes from the Western hemisphere, where Ecuador in South America, dominates. As with other seafood, shrimp’s high in calcium, Iodine and protein but low in food energy. A shrimp based meal is also a significant source of cholesterol, from 22 mg to 251 mg per 100 gm of shrimp, depending on the method of preparation. Shrimp consumption is considered healthy for the circulatory system because the lack of significant levels of saturated fat in shrimp means that the high cholesterol content in shrimp actually improves the ratio of LDL to HDL cholesterol and lowers triglycerides. Shrimp and other shellfish are among the most common food allergens. The recent world shrimp catch is about 3.4 million tones per year, with Asia as the most noteworthy area for shrimp fishing. World production of shrimp, both captured and farmed, is about 6 million tones, of which about 60 percent enters the world market. Shrimp is now the most important internationally traded fishery commodity in terms of value. There is a very good domestic and export market for shrimp, so new entrepreneur can well venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 175 MT/Annum ShrimpPlant & machinery: 45 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 459 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Shrimp Farming (Breeding in Sea Water)

PROFILE: Shrimp farming has developed widely through the desire to provide for increasing demands and continues to grow economically despite any environmental, ecological, and social disadvantages. A shrimp farm is an aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimp. Shrimp is enormously popular seafood in the developed nations of the world, including the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Australia. Shrimps belong to the order Decapoda, a crustacean order. All decapods possess a full carapace or head shield and eponymously, five pairs of walking legs. Their first three pairs of thoracic appendages are modified into "maxillipeds or feeding legs. Shrimps are distinguished from the other decapods by having the front-most section of the abdomen about the same size as the rest of the sections and by having five pairs of abdominal appendages, or pleopods, adapted for swimming. There are more than 3,000 living species of shrimp worldwide. Advantages of Shrimp: Shrimp is high in calcium iodine and protein but low in food energy. A shrimp based meal is also a significant source of cholesterol and considered healthy for the circulatory system because the lack of significant levels of saturated fat in shrimp means that the high cholesterol content in shrimp actually improves the ratio of LDL to HDL cholesterol and lowers triglycerides. Shrimp are also good source of cardio-protective omega 3 fatty acids, noted for their anti inflammatory effects and ability to prevent the formation of blood clots. HARVESTING AND HANDLING: Two methods of harvesting are generally practiced on farms. These are either by draining the pond and catching the shrimp in a bag net or by netting the shrimp within the pond. For the first method of harvesting, ponds and outlets should be appropriately designed and be able to completely drain the pond within 4 to 6 hours. A bag net should be able to be fixed to the outlet to collect the shrimp that are carried by the out flouring water. The best time for harvesting is early in the morning and it should be completed before mid morning. In ponds that can only be drained at low tide, the harvest should be conducted whenever possible. The shrimp should be regularly removed from the harvesting bag in small quantities to prevent damage. When netting the shrimp within the pond either a small electric net or a large seine net can be used. The water level of the pond should be reduced to 0.5 to 0.75 m deep and workers will need to go inside the pond for netting. This method is less advantageous the pond bottom will be disturbed, thus causing contamination of the shrimp. It is also slower and may take a long time to complete. With either method, it is necessary to hand-pick the remaining shrimp in the pond, after the pond is drained. The harvested shrimp can be quickly killed by giving them a temperature shock (dip in iced water) to prevent damage and to improve storage. Global Scenario: The global shrimp industry has experienced phenomenal growth over the last twenty two years generating more than 730,000 metric tons of farm cultured product annually. This industry represents a market value exceeding US$ 3.7-4.5 billion ($5.00-$6.00/kg) ex farm. World production of shrimp, both captured and farmed, is about 6 million tons, of which about 60% enters the world market. Shrimp is now the most important internationally traded fishery commodity in terms of value. Therefore the scope for Shrimp farming is very bright. An entrepreneur venturing into this project will find it very lucrative.
Plant capacity: 400 MT shrimp/Annum in two crops,Shrimp farming in 35 hectares, 20 ponds, each pond-1 hectaresPlant & machinery: 560 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 1570 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 40.00%
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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
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