Construction Chemicals

Construction chemical is one of the niche segments from the specialty chemical segment of the chemical industry. Construction Chemicals are specialty products that are used in structures to increase their life, and also to impart additional protection from environmental hazards. Construction chemicals are essential for high quality concrete and for promoting the improvement of concrete performance. In the overall growth of the construction industry, construction chemicals play a vital role. There is an increased emphasis on high quality construction requiring detailed designing, good workmanship and the selection of appropriate building materials. Consequently, therefore the demand for construction chemicals for renovation or building of these new and existing buildings has been on the rise in the short term.

Construction chemicals comprises of a number of different products such as cementation, cement admixture, cold applied products, hot applied products, membranes, acrylic, epoxy, resin, and sealant adhesive.

The present Indian construction chemical industry is estimated at Rs 2000 crore of which Rs 1200 crore comprise organized sector while Rs 800 crore is unorganized. The market is partially organized, especially in the industrial and infrastructure sectors. It is expected to touch Rs 4000 crore by 2013 at a CAGR of 2.2%. Construction chemicals account for only 2% of the overall costs but benefits are in multiples. Growing areas such as 100% FDI in the real estate sector has given a major boost to the already fast growing construction industry.

There are total 352 companies including many key and niche players worldwide such as Antas Chemical Co. Ltd., BASF SE, Bostik Inc, Elotex AG, Franklin International Inc, The Tremco Group etc.

The industry has much potentiality to grow at a faster rate on the back of the end users awareness benefits of these construction chemicals. Easy adaptability to foreign technology and the entry of foreign companies in the construction sector have helped to change the mindset of the people that has eventually resulted in the growth in this sector. The new construction projects market is also expected to increase the demand for construction chemicals. Apart from this, growth will also be primarily driven by increasing construction expenditures in improvement and repair projects. The construction market is expected to grow at more than 30% per annum for the next few years. This industry has got a huge potential to grow.

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READY MIX CONCRETE (RMC)

Ready mix concrete is a modern trend of introduction in the Asian Countries. It is already introduced long before in the European Countries. It is new concept of use concrete in the construction area. Ready mix concrete has advantages in the area where immediate requirement of concrete mixture like in the preparation of bridge overhead roads on or the road construction. In India there is a hopeful to get good scope of RMC within short period. The batching, mixing, transportation, placing, compaction, finishing and curing are very complimentary operations to obtain desired good quality concrete. The good quality concrete is a homogeneous mixture of water, cement, aggregates and other admixtures. Admixtures are chemical mixtures that are added to concrete to enhance its performance is some fashion. Admixtures are materials other than cement, aggregate and water that are added to concrete either before or during its mixing to alter its properties, such as workability, curing temperature range, set time or color. Some admixtures have been in use for a very long time, such as calcium chloride to provide a cold-weather setting concrete. Others are more recent and represent an area of expanding possibilities for increased performance. Not all admixtures are economical to employ on a particular project. Also, some characteristics of concrete, such as low absorption, can be achieved simply by consistently adhering to high quality concreting practices. The aim of quality control is to ensure the production of concrete of uniform strength in such a way that there is a continuous supply of concrete delivered to the place of deposition, each batch of which is as nearly like the other batches as possible. India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. Cement and ready-mix concrete demand is dependent on the level of construction activities. Construction activities are in turn closely related to a number of macroeconomic factors such as consumer spending, population growth, manufacturing sector growth, inflation rates, government spending etc. The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP. It makes significant contribution to the national economy and provides employment to large number of people. Construction constitutes 40% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, railways, energy, airports, irrigation etc. There are mainly three segments in the construction industry like real estate construction which includes residential and commercial construction; infrastructure building which includes roads, railways, power etc; and industrial construction that consists of oil and gas refineries, pipelines, textiles etc. Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use. According to a study by ASSOCHAM, the burgeoning Indian construction industry, currently worth $70 billion, will rise to US$120 billion by 2010. The Ready-mix concrete business in India is in its nascent stage. In a developed country 70% of cement produced is used by the Ready-mix concrete industry. However, in India, the Ready-mix concrete industry uses less than 10% of the total cement production. A large and growing middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing life style, better cost of living etc is growth drivers for this sector. There is good scope to venture into this field for new entrepreneurs. Few Indian Major Players are as under: A C C Concrete Ltd. Ahlcon Ready Mix Concrete Pvt. Ltd. Ahluwalia Contracts (India) Ltd. Ashoka Buildcon Ltd. Grasim Industries Ltd. Larsen & Toubro Ltd. Madras Cements Ltd. Prism Cement Ltd. R D C Concrete (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 240 Cubic Meter/DayPlant & machinery: 86 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 936 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 36.00%
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Geotextiles for Road and Construction

Profile Geotextiles is defined as permeable textile materials used in contact with soil, rock, earth or any other geotechnical related material as an integral part of civil engineering project, structure, or system. Geotextiles have proven to be among the most versatile and cost-effective ground modification materials. Their use has expanded rapidly into nearly all areas of civil, geotechnical, environmental, coastal, and hydraulic engineering. They form the major component of the field of geosynthetics, the others being geogrids, geomembranes and geocomposites. Based on their structure and the manufacturing technique, geotextiles may be broadly classified into woven and nonwoven. Woven geotextiles are manufactured by the interlacement of warp and weft yarns, which may be of spun, multifilament, fibrillated or of slit film. Nonwoven geotextiles are manufactured through a process of mechanical interlocking or thermal bonding of fibers/filaments. Mechanical interlocking of the fibers/filaments is achieved through a process called needle punching. Needle-punched nonwoven geotextiles are best suited for a wide variety of civil engineering applications and are the most widely used type of geotextile in the world. Interlocking of the fibers/filaments could also be achieved through thermal bonding. Heat-bonded geotextiles should be used with caution, as they are not suitable for filtration applications or road stabilization applications over soft soils. Geotextile Functions The mode of operation of a geotextile in any application is defined by discrete functions: separation, filtration, drainage, reinforcement, sealing and protection. Depending on the application the geotextile performs one or more of these functions simultaneously. There are various applications such as separation, filtration, drainage (transmissivity), reinforcement, sealing function, etc. Areas of Application The major application areas of geotextiles in transportation engineering are flexible paved road construction, drainage applications and pavement overlays. Geotextiles extend the service life of roads, increase their load carrying capacity, and reduce rutting. The weak subgrades the geotextile extends the service life of a flexible pavement section by a factor of 2.5 to 3.0 compared to a non stabilized section. A geotextile effectively increased the pavement sections total AASHTO structural number by approximately 19%. Geotextiles also play a major role in construction of paved roads over areas having high ground water table. Drainage of water from pavements has always been an important consideration in road design; current methods of pavement design have resulted in base courses that do not drain well. Market Scenario Geo Textiles have proven to be versatile and cost effective ground modification materials. Their use expanded rapidly into nearly all areas of civil engineering, geotechnical, environmental, coastal and hydraulic engineering. Geo-Textiles is forecasted to achieve the highest growth rates among the twelve technical textile application areas. The rate of 4.6% per annum between 2000 and 2005 is set to increase to 5.3% per annum during 2005 to 2010. The world demand for Geo Textiles is projected at about 4715 million square meters by 2014 mostly from China and India. Globally the value of the sector is growing at a rate of around 5% a year and accounts for 0.80% share of the total technical textile segment. This share is expected to go up marginally to 2010. It is predicted that global demand for geosynthetics will increase 5% annually to 4.7 billion square metres in 2013. With India is making huge investments in infrastructure development in roads, railways, dams, irrigation projects, airports, seaports, and construction projects where geosynthetics can be used in enhancing design flexibility, cost effectiveness, aesthetics, functionality and long term durability of the civil, marine, environment engineering projects we undertake. Consequently the demand for geotech segment is set to grow phenomenally. Cost Estimation:
Plant capacity: 1800 MT Geotextiles (270 gsm)/Annum Plant & machinery: 200 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of project: 467 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 59.00%
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Polymer Modified Cementitious Tile Adhesives

Profile Polymer modified adhesives are widely accepted in the industry and often referred to as thin-set mortars. The blended polymers interact with cement components to improve the physical and mechanical properties such as increased adhesion, reduced shrinkage and lower water absorption. The polymer modified adhesives are commonly available in two types. One comes with powdered polymer as premix. Hence, during the application, only water is required to be added to make a bed. Polymer modification of adhesives and grouts offers improvements including easier handling, increased tensile and flexural strength, enhanced adhesive characteristics, improved water resistance and greater durability. A key benefit is increased water resistance. The advantages are easier maintenance, increased durability and greater resistance to the potential damage from freezing and thawing cycles. Properties White Cement Based Cementitious Tile Adhesive: Appearance - Powder Composition - Cement, siliceous sand and additives Colour - Grey or White Density - 1.55 kg/lit ± 0.05 Application Following are some of the applications and advantages of polymer modifies cementitious tile adhesives: • Decorative Overlays: Wall coatings and textured building finishes (polymer-modified stucco). • Adhesion, tensile and flexural strength, exterior durability; toughness test of modified and unmodified mortar patches; Mortar Patches are feathered down to blend in with original substrate. • Flooring and Pavements: Can be used in mortar or heavy use concrete industrial/commercial flooring overlay formulations. Warehouses, factories, hospitals, stairways, garages, railway platforms, airport runways, etc. • Waterproofing: Basements, bulk water storage tanks, septic tanks, ship decks, roof decks, and concrete walls. Market Potential A cement based adhesive must be used for exterior work. Whilst standard cement based tile adhesives are suitable for exterior use, highly polymer-modified adhesives offer enhanced bond strength, reduced porosity and therefore better resistance to frost & greater resistance to movement (thermally induced movement is inevitable particularly for walls). The present market size of the construction chemicals industry in India is about 1,700 crore and is rapidly growing at the rate of around 20 per cent per annum. The demand for construction chemicals is dependent on the construction industry.
Plant capacity: White Cement Tile Adhesive – 1500 MT/Annum,Ordinary Portland Cement Tile Adhesive – 1500 MT/Annum Plant & machinery: 106 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 420 Lakh
Return: 44.00%Break even: 55.00%
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READY MIX CONCRETE

Ready mix concrete is a modern trend of introduction in the Asian Countries. It is already introduced long before in the European Countries. It is new concept of use concrete in the construction area. Ready mix concrete has advantages in the area where immediate requirement of concrete mixture like in the preparation of bridge overhead roads on or the road construction. In India there is a hopefull to get good scope of RMC within short period. The batching, mixing, transportation, placing, compaction, finishing and curing are very complimentary operations to obtain desired good quality concrete. The good quality concrete is a homogeneous mixture of water, cement, aggregates and other admixtures. It is not just a matter mixing these ingredients to obtain some kind of plastic mass, but it is scientific process which is based on some well established principles and governs the properties of concrete mixes in fresh as well as in hardened state. The aim of quality control is to ensure the production of concrete of uniform strength in such a way that there is a continuous supply of concrete delivered to the place of deposition, each batch of which is as nearly like the other batches as possible. The production of concrete of uniform quality involves five definable phases: Batching or measurement of materials, Mixing of concrete, Transportation, Placing, compaction and finishing of concrete, and Curing. USES & APPLICATION It is used in the construction of bridge, dam etc, It is used in the construction overhead roads, pools, multi stories building etc, It can be directly used at the construction site. It help greater element of automation and precision concrete mixing. A much higher quality and more constituent uniformity and increase standardization and speed which is done ten times faster as compared to site mixed concrete. There are many advantages of RMC over site mixed concrete. Technologically speaking, ready mixed concrete is certainly advancement over the age-old site mixed concrete. The benefits of RMC in terms of quality, speed, life-cycle cost and environmental friendliness are overwhelmingly superior to those of site mixed concrete. MARKET SURVEY India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. It is followed by Japan and the USA. Cement consumption is very closely linked to the performance of the construction industry; however, since cement is used in both residential and non-residential construction, it doesn’t experience extreme cycles. The non-residential sector is classified into commercial and industrial, and institutional segments. The residential and non-residential sectors are also classified as private and public construction. Cement and ready-mix concrete demand is dependent on the level of construction activities. Construction activities are in turn closely related to a number of macroeconomic factors such as consumer spending, population growth, manufacturing sector growth, inflation rates, government spending etc. The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP. It makes significant contribution to the national economy and provides employment to large number of people. Construction constitutes 40% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, railways, energy, airports, irrigation etc. There are mainly three segments in the construction industry like real estate construction which includes residential and commercial construction; infrastructure building which includes roads, railways, power etc; and industrial construction that consists of oil and gas refineries, pipelines, textiles etc. Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use. The biggest increase in private participation is expected in roads (from 5 per cent to 36), ports (47 per cent to 74 per cent) and railways (less than 1 per cent to 20 per cent). The Planning Commission estimates that the remaining infrastructure investments will be funded by the central and state government. According to a study by ASSOCHAM, the burgeoning Indian construction industry, currently worth $70 billion, will rise to US $120 billion by 2010. The Indian construction industry, an integral part of the economy and a conduit for a substantial part of its development investment, is poised for growth on account of industrialization, urbanization, economic development and people's rising expectations for improved quality of living in the coming years. The market size of cement and ready-mix concrete is defined as the amount of cement and ready-mix concrete products supplied to the total Indian marketplace, in a particular period. Therefore, market size is determined by supply rather than demand. The Ready-mix concrete business in India is in its nascent stage. In a developed country 70% of cement produced is used by the Ready-mix concrete industry. The usage of Ready-mix concrete could not be implemented as investors felt that the plants would starve due to non-availability of cement. The levy of additional taxes and duties on RMC, entry tax and excise duty also contributed to the slow development of the concept. PRESENT MANUFACTURERS A C C Concrete Ltd. A C C Ltd. Ahlcon Ready Mix Concrete Pvt. Ltd. Ashoka Buildcon Ltd. Binani Ready Mix Concrete Ltd. D S Kulkarni Developers Ltd. Eastern Gases Ltd. Madras Cements Ltd. My Home Inds. Ltd. N C L Industries Ltd. Navkar Builders Ltd. Prism Cement Ltd. R B Gupta Financials Ltd. R D C Concrete (India) Pvt. Ltd. S R S Real Infrastructure Ltd. Samruddhi Cement Ltd. Tantia Constructions Ltd. Tarmac (India) Pvt. Ltd. Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd. Trishul Concrete Products Ltd. Ultratech Cement Ltd.
Plant capacity: 240 Cu MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 320 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 773 Lakhs
Return: 27.08%Break even: 46.09%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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