Coal and Coal by Products, Coal Tar, Coal & Coke, Fossil Fuel, Charcoal, Carbon Black, Coal Washing, Coal Mining

Coal continues to play a major role in the economic development of a country, especially in metallurgical industries and conventional power generation plants. Coal is highly variable with respect to the physical and chemical properties that affect its use. Industries that use coal specify a range of properties that are required for their intended process. Coal suppliers try to find coals that most closely match those requirements. For effective utilization of high ash coals, it is necessary to beneficiate them. Coal is treated in processes called beneficiation to prepare a material that meets the customers needs and is as homogenous as possible. Therefore, coal beneficiation, i.e., the separation of particles low in ash from those high in ash, is likely to return great economic, technical, and environmental benefits.

Coal is the dominant energy source in India, accounting for more than half of the country's requirements. 70% of India's coal production is used for power generation, with the remainder being used by heavy industry and public use. Domestic supplies satisfy most of India's coal demand. India had 2009 coal production of 557.57 million tonnes, 6.2% of the world total. The world's major producers are China, the USA, India, Australia, Russia, Indonesia and South Africa. India is the world's third largest coal consuming nation after China and the USA. Although India is a major producer of coal, it produces only limited quantities of coking coal needed by its steel plants.

In a bid to break the public sector monopoly over coal, the government is seeking to introduce legislative changes allowing for private mining, whilst liberalizing norms for the allocation of captive blocks permitting trading of coal. The government is contemplating the allocation of captive blocks for setting up washeries in the private sector. Captive block holders would also be permitted to sell their coal on the open market. The current legislative requirements permit private-sector investment only for the limited purpose of setting up coal washeries and captive mining for specified end-uses, including setting up power plants, fertilizer and steel units.

Coal tar, a byproduct of coal is a brown or black liquid of high viscosity, which smells of naphthalene and aromatic hydrocarbons. Coal tars are complex and variable mixtures of phenols, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heterocyclic compounds which are produced when coal is carbonized to make coke or gasified to make coal gas.

Carbon Black is also an important industrial raw material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, and a small amount from vegetable oil. It is a form of amorphous carbon that has a high surface-area-to-volume ratio, although its surface-area-to-volume ratio is low compared to that of activated carbon. Carbon black is used as a pigment and reinforcement in rubber and plastic products and is in the top 50 industrial chemicals manufactured worldwide, based on annual tonnage. Approximately 90% of carbon black is used in rubber applications, 9% as a pigment, and the remaining 1% as an essential ingredient in hundreds of diverse applications.

India’s mining sector will continue to post impressive over the forecast period driven by strong domestic demand. The long-term prospects of the sector like that of the Indian economy remain very positive.

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Activated Charcoal From Wood

Activated wood charcoal is a very important chemical widely employed by certain gases and vapours in purification in catalytic chemical reactions and decolorization of vegetable oils and sugar solutions. Activated wood charcoal is available in diverse forms like symmetrical pellets, irregular shaped granules and in cubical form. Due to expansion of pharmaceutical and vegetable oil industries the demand of activated wood charcoal is expected to rise sharply in the coming years. New entrepreneurs venture in to this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 15MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 80 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 113 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 262 Lakhs
Return: 24.13%Break even: 62.30%
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Coconut Shell Charcoal

In major importing countries coconut shell charcoal is mainly used in the manufacturing of activated carbon. All the production units are enjoy higher growth rate. The demand for coconut shell charcoal and activated carbon will be increased. There is good market potential for this unit. It also have good export potential. Any new entrepreneur can invest in project. He will get good profit margin as well as good market.
Plant capacity: 1.0 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 6 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 19 Lakhs
Return: 45.25%Break even: 48.36%
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Charcoal From Bagasse

Bagasse is one of the major by product of sugar crushing industries. Charcoal is a highly porous form of amorphous carbon. It is one of the half burned bagasse product. Raw material bagasse available in India or throughout the world in the sugar producing countries nearly six to eight months. The technology of charcoal from bagasse is indigeneously available. There is no necessity of import of machinery for the production of charcoal. Charcoal is nothing but the elementary form of carbon. It is divided in to different parts according to its activity i.e. activated carbon or normal carbon. It is used as fuel and as a reducing agent. There are few organized manufacturing units to produce activated carbon. Demand of charcoal is increasing speedily. There is good scope for new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: 2.0 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 53.0 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 25 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 154 Lakhs
Return: 26.41%Break even: 62.20%
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Coal Washing Unit

Coal washing unit is one of the most important unit for upgradation of coal in sense of fed value by reducing of ash contents in the coal. It is basically associated with seive position to get the quality coal. It is used as fuel for running the boiler, in domestic use, in thermal power station to produce electricity, for manufacture of coal gas etc. Coal is a important source of chemical raw materials. Being a high demandable item it has very good market. So there is a scope for setting up this unit.
Plant capacity: 11700 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 3200 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 891 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 7241 Lakhs
Return: 6.36%Break even: N/A
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Coconut Shell Charcoal

In major importing countries coconut shell charcoal is mainly used in the manufacturing of activated carbon. All the production units are enjoy higher growth rate. The demand for coconut shell charcoal and activated carbon will be increased. There is good market potential for this unit. It also have good export potential. Any new entrepreneur can invest in project. He will get good profit margin as well as good market.
Plant capacity: 1.0 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 6 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 19 Lakhs
Return: 45.25%Break even: 48.36%
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Coal Mining

Coal is an extremely heterogeneous, complex material that is difficult to characterize. Coal is a rock formed by geological process and is composed of a number of distinct organic entities (macerals) and lesser amounts of inorganic substances (minerals). Each of the coal macerals and minerals has a unique set of physical and chemical properties, there in turn control the overall behavior of coal. Although much is known about the properties of minerals in coal, for example, the crystal chemistry, crystallography, and magnetic and electrical properties, surprisingly little is known about the properties of individual coal macerals. Even though coal is composed of macerals and minerals, it is not a uniform mixture of these substances. Users of coal - In the iron ore extraction plant, Domestic users as fuel sources, different industries using coal fired boiler. The demand of coal mining is increasing. So there exist a great scope for new entrepreneurs to enter in to this field.
Plant capacity: 1350 Lakh MT/Annum (Job Work)Plant & machinery: 752 Crores
Working capital: -T.C.I: 972 Crores
Return: 41.00%Break even: 42.00%
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CHARCOAL POWDER FROM RICE HUSK

Charcoal is produced in kilns and retorts. The thermal decomposition of wood in a kiln with a controlled air supply produces charcoal. The gaseous products and some of the wood are burned. Retort charcoal is generated in the absence of air. Originally, charcoal was used as a smokeless, odorless fuel for heating and cooking and it is still used today for these purposes by people in well-wooded underdeveloped countries. Charcoal granules are used as a food additive for domestic animals. It is used for the production of black powder. It is also used in foundries as well as for de-scaling of metal sheets and wires. There is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 50 MT/dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 190 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 845 lakhs
Return: 53.00%Break even: 33.00%
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Charcoal From Coconut Shell

Charcoal and purity of any substances has now become a basic requirement of any chemical substance. So many products obtained by processing are dirty in colour and having so many impurities. This problem can be easily solved by adsorption of which carbon has become one of the most generally used materials for the purpose, animal matter. The resulting amorphous products include charcoal coke and petroleum coke. Granulated activated carbons are used for purification of gases or liquids and can be used in a vertical carbon packed column. It finds application in the preparations of pills and digestive tables. Its absorptive properties are utilized in the treatment of oilments of the stomach due to hyper acidity. Due to the expansion of pharmaceutical and vegetable oil industry the demand of activated carbon is expected to rise sharply in the coming years. Apart from demand in Indian market, there is also huge demand of activated carbon in foreign potential for the high quality activated carbon. So the unit has very good scope.
Plant capacity: 5 Tons/dayPlant & machinery: 21 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 107 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 45.00%
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VACUUM DISTILLATION OF CRUDE COAL TAR SPECIFICALLY CREOSOTE OIL

For vacuum distillation of crude coal tar, the crude coal tar is produced from coke ovens of steel plant, 50% of this crude coal tar is pitch. The crude coal tar is then taken to vacuum distillation columns for fractionating into various components. Coal tar is produced by the dry distillation of coal and is therefore a by product in the manufacture of coal gas. Coal tar pitch serves as a valuable ingredient in the production of a number of water proofing, protective and binding compounds employed in the masonry, steel and timber structures. The aluminium industry of the world depends heavily on electrodes made from petroleum coke, pitch coke and pitch. In view of the versatile field application of coal tar distillation products, this industry is giving eminence and a having very good prospects. The result of this differential rate of growth of supply and market has excited increased interest in coal tar pitch, particularly by users of the product. Pitch and mixtures of pitch and creosote in various proportions constitute road tar and fuels. Creosote is valuable in timber preservations. A new entrepreneur can venture into this field and he will find it a very lucrative trade.
Plant capacity: 7500 MT / AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 137 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 320 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 57.00%
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COAL TAR PITCH

Coal tar pitch is the residue from the processing of coal tar. Since pitch constituents over 50% of crude tar, its utilization has a major effect on the economics of tar processing. Coal tar pitch is binder for carbon electrodes base for paints and coating. Pitch is a valuable binder for briquetting and in making electrodes. The aluminium industry of the world depends heavily on electrodes made from petroleum coke, pitch coke and pitch. Because of its valuable water proofing properties, pitch is employed in a number of formulations for treating walls, roofs and floors. The scope of pitch as pitch mixture and creosote constitute road tar and fuels, and end user industries have very good market. There is a good scope for new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: 7500 MT/Annum Plant & machinery: 143 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 340 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 56.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
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