Ceramic and Ceramic Products, Industrial Ceramic Products, Pipes, Floor and Roof Tiles, Tableware, Wall Tiles, Sanitary Ware, Porcelain, Stoneware, Pottery, Ceramic Wall & Floor Tiles, Vitrified Tiles, Decorative Tiles

Ceramic is an inorganic, non-metallic solid which may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous. Ceramic products are manufactured both in the large and small-scale sector with wide variation in type, size, quality and standard. India ranks 5th in the world in terms of production of ceramic tiles.

The ceramics industry in India came into existence about a century ago and has matured over time to form a industrial base. From traditional pottery making, the industry has evolved to find its place

in the market for sophisticated insulators, electronic and electrical items. Over the years, the industry has been modernizing through new innovations in product profile, quality and design to emerge as a modern, world-class industry, ready to take on global competition.

Ceramic products are divided into four sectors which includes Structural, including bricks, pipes, floor and roof tiles; Refractories, such as kiln linings, gas fire radiants, steel and glass making crucibles ; Whitewares, including tableware, wall tiles, pottery products, and sanitary ware ; Technical ceramics which classified into three distinct material categories of oxides, non-oxides and composite.

A large and growing middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing life style, better cost of living etc is growth drivers for this sector.With the growth in the housing sector the demand of ceramic is expected to increase. Indian tiles are competitive in the international market. These are exported to East and West Asian countries. The ceramics tiles industry in India emerged in the late 1950s with H & R Johnson setting up its plant for the manufacture of wall tiles at Thane near Mumbai. Spartek Ceramics joined in 1985. The booming demand for floor tiles prompted the entry of other players like Regency Ceramics, Kajaria Ceramics, Murudeshwar Ceramics, Bell Ceramics.

By basic product variation, the tiles market has three component segments: mosaic, ceramic, and natural stones. Mosaic tiles claim a 50 to 60% share. The ceramic tiles and natural stones share the rest almost equally. Natural stones also have three segments: granites, marbles and other stones, including Kota stone.

The ceramic tiles are available in at least three variations. They are floor tiles, wall tiles and vitrified tiles. These tiles are differentiated also by technology that is double firing  (the older system) - roller/roller tunnel/tunnel and tunne1/roller; single firing  (newer technology); and double face firing.  Single firing is used for floor tiles while double firing continues to be used for wall tiles. Roller technology is more suitable for larger tiles and tunnel technology for smaller ones. The vitrified tiles are abrasion and acid resistant and do not absorb any moisture. They are suitable for places subject to heavy wear and tear like industrial and chemical plants, hotel lobbies, banks, special pavements. 

In India, the per capita consumption is as low as 0.05 sqm compared to 0.6 and 5 sqm in China and Europe, respectively. Rising disposable incomes of the growing middle class and 40 mn units of housing shortage, however, hold out a reassuring  potential for the industry. Over the last two de-cades, the technical ceramics segment has recorded an impressive growth propelled by the demand for high-alumina ceramics, cuttings tools and structural ceramics from the industry. Overall, the Indian ceramics industry has emerged as a major manufacturer and supplier in the global market.

The industry is capital-intensive although there is a sizable presence of the informal sector  operating  on smaller capital inputs. With new technology and large economic size, capital costs are high.  So are working capital requirements because of the need to store a wide variety of products and long credits. A major change which took over the ceramic tiles industry was the introduction of wall tiles for bathrooms and kitchens and for floors  in offices and for decorative hangings. The Indian industry developed an export market although at the lower-end. In volume, it constituted  only about half-a-percent of the global market.  The upper-end market is arrogated by Italy and Spain.

The tiles industry in India  was  facing very competitive conditions. There is dumping from China. Chinese landed price is below total costs of Indian producers.  On the domestic front, organised sector has to compete with the unorganised sector which has the advantage of lower billings . The growth and demand for ceramic products in this sector has been further strengthened by the boom in the Indian real estate sector, which is registering 30 per cent growth per annum, for the last few years. The growth in the hospitality industry and the advent of new malls, commercial complexes and multiplexes also lend support to the growth prospects of this industry.

The wall tiles segment is dominated by H&R Johnson, SPL and Kajaria. In the floor tiles, Murudeshwar, Spartek, Kajaria, Regency and Bell Ceramics dominate. The top five, H&R Johnson, SPL, Kajaria, Spartek and Sun Earth account for more than 70% of the turnover of the organised sector.

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Conversion Of Industrial Vitrified Tiles Into Commercial Vitrified Tiles

Industrial vitrified tiles are largely used in the industrial floor or wall construction. In the industrial verification process tiles are not completely vitrified or properly heat soaked in the oven or in the kiln. Industrial vitrified tiles can be further used for good finishing and glassiness with colouring by using special oven treatment. Specific chemicals are used like chromium salt, nickel salt, cobalt salt etc. for getting different colours. These tiles are suitable for places subject to heavy wear and tear like Industrial and chemical plants, hotel lobbies, banks and special pavements. The export is rising at the rate of 8%. In the last five financial years, tiles have registered an average growth of about 12% per year.
Plant capacity: 1,00,000 Sq. Ft./Day Plant & machinery: Rs. 235.00 Lakhs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: 2666 Lakhs
Return: 48.72%Break even: 68.12%
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Ceramic Foam Filters

Ceramic foam filters are commonly used for filling a variety of molten metals, including aluminium, copper & iron. As a whole there will be good market demand of ceramic filter. It can be assumed that there are few broad gaps of the product manufacturers and market demand. Since the market demand can be filled up by new coming manufacturers. Average market growth of European country is about 10% considering their products to import in the Asian countries.
Plant capacity: 100000 Pcs/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 50 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 2 CroresT.C.I: Rs. 5 Crores
Return: 10.87%Break even: 42.36%
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Conversion of Industrial Vitrified Tiles into Commercial Vitrified Tiles

Industrial Vitrified tiles are largely used in the industrial floor or wall construction. In the industrial vitrification processed tiles are not completely vitrified or heat soaked in the oven or in the kiln. Industrial vitrified tiles can be further used for good furnishing and glassiness with coloring by using special oven treatment. Demand of commercial vitrified tiles is increasing day-by-day. Now there is good market demand of the product. As a whole this is a good project for experienced entrepreneurs and for few new entrepreneurs as well.
Plant capacity: 300,00,000 Sq. Ft./AnnumPlant & machinery: 3 Crores
Working capital: 22 CroresT.C.I: 27 Crores
Return: 49.00%Break even: 71.00%
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Conversion Of Industrial Vitrified Tiles Into Commercial Vitrified Tiles

Industrial vitrified tiles are largely used in the industrial floor or wall construction. In the industrial verification process tiles are not completely vitrified or properly heat soaked in the oven or in the kiln. Industrial vitrified tiles can be further used for good finishing and glassy ness with colouring by using special oven treatment. Specific chemicals are used like chromium salt, nickel salt, cobalt salt etc. for getting defferent colours. These tiles are suitable for places subject to heavy wear and tear like Industrial and chemical plants, hotel lobbies, banks and special pavements. The export is rising at the rate of 8%. In the last five financial years, tiles have registered an average growth of about 12% per year.
Plant capacity: 1,00,000 Sq. Ft./Day Plant & machinery: Rs. 235.00 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 2666 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 68.00%
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CERAMIC TABLE WARE, HOTEL WARE, STONE WARE /BONE CHINA

Crockery in fact is a very vast term, which includes a number of items all used in our homes. Wares and containers made from glass are also covered under the term crockery. But to be more specific, we call it glass crockery and it has different process of manufacture than the variety made from ceramics. Crockery is available in different shapes and sizes and also in different qualities. It is used for serving tea in every house, restaurants, hotels, hostels and tea stalls etc. It is also used in wedding parties and other occasions for serving tea and other eatables. Apart from the above the crockery items find various applications. The Indian ceramic industry is well established with respect to volume and product range. Crockery is manufactured both in the large scale and the small-scale sector. At present there are 26 units in the large-scale sector engaged in the manufacture of crockery items. There is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 1000 Sets/DayPlant & machinery: 78 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 211 Lakhs
Return: 53.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Oxygen Gas Lancing Pipes, Ceramic Coated Pipes, Oxygen Lancing Tube Used in Steel Plants, Furnace and Foundries

Manufacturing of steel tubes & pipes a Mechanical Engineering is mostly produced in large scale. ERW steel tubes are chiefly used in bicycles, transformers, L. P. Boilers, furniture industries etc. Till recently, seamless tubes and pipes constituted the largest single item of import for India. But new India makes a larger part of its requirements. Steel pipes are used in a variety of ways for innumerable applications from domestic to industrial field. Irrigation has become a potential user where pipes and tubes find an enormous use. In generators and oil or diesel/lubricating oil etc., as in ice factory these pipes are used to supply water. At present, the M.S. Pipe making capacity stands at 14.6 million tonnes of M.S. Pipe per year of which 11.4 million tonnes are accounted for by the integrated steel pipe plants and 3.6 million tonnes by mini steel pipe plants. The demand and consumption of conduit pipe is increasing every day. There is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 3600 MT / AnnumPlant & machinery: 115 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 234 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 57.00%
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PORCELAIN INSULATOR (LT & HT)

Porcelain insulators are suitable for high tension as well as low tension transmission & distribution are required to be effective at high voltages and under extreme climate conditions of rain snow, high wind of soaring heat. The most common in use are suspension type and pin type. The end type insulator is used on all distribution lines and on low voltage transmission lines. The main advantage of the pin type insulator is that it is the cheaper insulator. The most usual material for outdoor insulators is porcelain, although toughened glass has recently been developed. The use of electricity has increased tremendously in household sectors during 1995s in the wake of liberalization and globalization. Demand of insulators is based on the consumption of electricity. It is estimated that the demand for insulators in export market will grow at 8% per annum. There is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 2500 MT Per AnnumPlant & machinery: 50 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 291 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 39.00%
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NON GLAZED CERAMIC TILES

The world ceramic is taken to cover those articles that are made from inorganic substances first shaped and then hardened by fir. The characteristics are the wall tiles with colourless or pastel shade glaze with on-glaze decoration. Decorative tiles, frequently in a number of shapes and with relief designs and in a range of sizes. The main uses are the decorative treatment of walls, both those normally tiled for utilitarian reasons and others, window sills, fire place surrounds. The other uses are in the external facing of building, halls and lobbies of public buildings, schools, offices, underground stations. The Indian ceramic tiles industry is on the threshold of an exciting world of colours and variety. There is vast scope of these decorative tiles in restaurants, public places, hospitals bathroom etc. To looking its uses we can say that there is a good scope for new entrants.
Plant capacity: 4500 Nos. / DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 15 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 75 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 43.00%
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CERAMIC GLAZED WALL TILES

The growth of the tile industry has shown steep fluctuations. The great upsurge of developmental activities all over the country during the second and third plans created a great demand not only for roofing tiles but also for non-roofing tiles. The glazed tiles are generally used in finishing floors and walls of kitchens, bathrooms, hospitals etc. The wall tiles manufactured in India are generally glazed. They are prepared from quartz, feldspar and clay. The ceramic tiles are available in at least three variations (i) Floor tiles, (ii) Wall tiles, (iii) Vitrified tiles. The Indian Industry has developed an export market although at the lower end. In volume, it constitutes only about half-a-percent of the global market. The exports are rising at the rate of 8%. Any new comer can well venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 2,00,000 Nos. / DayPlant & machinery: 36 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: 151 Lakh
Return: 46.00%Break even: 43.00%
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CERAMIC WALL AND FLOOR TILES

The tile is a manufactured piece of hard wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, or even glass. Tiles are generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops. Alternatively, tile can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials used for wall and ceiling applications. Ceramic glazed tiles are made of porous body with a coating of white or colored glaze. These are used extensively in the Bathrooms, Kitchen in modern buildings and in Hospitals and Analytical Laboratories, Toiletries attached to Railway platforms. This is because of this products have properties like good resistance to weather and chemicals, having high strength hard, glossy surface with different colors and pleasing appearance. In the near future the chances for replacing these items by other materials look very bleak. These tiles are rather cheap, easy to clean have more life and are available in pleasing colours. India ranks among the world’s top five tile producing countries with a total annual production of around 450mn Sq. Mtr as on March 10. The ceramic tiles industry is large, rapid, growing and populated by organized and unorganized manufacturers. Over the last few years, industry prospects were subdued on account of an oversupply and increasing imports. The industry can be classified into three key segments, viz., wall tiles, floor tiles and segment on account of durability, utility, maintenance and better appearance with premium pricing and higher realisation. In the international markets these tiles are already major sellers. Ceramic tiles today have become an integral part of home improvement. It can make a huge difference to the way your interiors and outdoors look and express. There exists a very good opportunity and ample scope to venture into this field for new entrepreneurs. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Anant Raj Inds. Ltd. Asian Tiles Ltd. Bell Ceramics Ltd. Bell Granito Ceramica Ltd. Delta Tiles Ltd. Diamond Regina Ceramics Ltd. Elegant Marbles & Grani Inds. Ltd. Euro Ceramics Ltd. Excel Frits & Colours Ltd. Godavari Ceramics Ltd. Gujarat Goldcoin Ceramics Ltd. H & R Johnson (India) Ltd. Jalaram Ceramics Ltd. Jay Flash Ceramics Ltd. Lustre Tiles Ltd. Mandsaur Ferro Alloys Ltd. Montana International Ltd. Murudeshwar Ceramics Ltd. Nitco Ltd. Nortech India Ltd. Pearl Jet Microns Pvt. Ltd. Pedder & Pedder Tiles Ltd. Prism Cement Ltd. Regency Ceramics Ltd. Restile Ceramics Ltd. S T C L Ltd. Savana Ceramics Ltd. Silica Ceramica Pvt. Ltd. Stiles India Ltd. Sun Earth Ceramics Ltd. Taurus Novelties Ltd.
Plant capacity: 120000 Sq. Mt/Annum Wall Tiles & 90000 Sq. Mt/Annum Floor TilesPlant & machinery: 542 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1020 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 59.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
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